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Published 12.07.2014 | Author : admin | Category : Wood Boat Plans

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Does anybody have or know where I can obtain plans for the Sabot Brigantine that was used by the Small Ships Society years ago? If your boat isn't big enough to actually go aloft and out on the yards, it won't feel like a big square rigger anyway. Just offering another direction you could go, even though I am pretty sure it won't do what you really want. I think the design name is 'Cavalier Brig' - it was designed by Colin Mudie as a training vessel.
I have often wondered what they are like to sail - personally I imagine that they must be dog slow and frustrating but I may be wrong. I should have added: it's important to define right at the beginning whether the boat's sailing ability is important or not. To my way of thinking, the two principle virtues of the rig are (1) it's absolutely and totally under control in a way a fore-and-after isn't, even with preventers, and an accidental gybe is harmless, so you can afford to drive it before really awful weather in ways that would be unsafe in a fore-and-aft rig, and (2) the positive control in both directions means you can make the boat pivot and dance in a very small space without steerage way. Anyway, my real point is to offer you food for thought on what you really need and what you can afford to do to get it. It would be interesting to see how the rig goes on a slightly more performance oriented hull. That said, some of the Norse hulls will semi-plane on a reach, which is pretty clearly high performance of some kind--recall Tom Cunliffe's account of encountering a square-rigged Femboring in Norway that could show its heels to his fast pilot cutter on a reach.
I think being able to run before a hurricane in the South Forties for days on end is still another kind of high-performance, even though few think so these days.
To be clear, I think the 'Little Brigs' are excellently designed for the job in hand with many practical touches that make them robust and cheap to maintain.
I agree that there is not much point going for ultimate weatherliness but on the other hand it wouldn't hurt to lower the drag of the hull and give it a slightly more efficient keel - say a low aspect fin rather than the bilge keels. The Cavalier Brig was designed pretty much with all that in mind - cheap, indestructible steel construction, bilge keels so that maintenance could be done dried out between tides, a spartan cabin for sheltering out of the rain, a chunky diesel for keeping schedules and lots of string to pull. That said, Hawaiian Chieftan (topsail ketch) has a flat bottom and twin bilge keels on her steel hull, so there is a bit of practical experience with square sails on a more modern hull you could consult if you ask the right people. Apropos of stuns'ls, why *is* it that the "proper" thing in square rig always means back-breaking labor for the crew? As a final touch I would replace all rigging with thin spectra lines and invest in good gloves. You could make 'em too thin to hand properly and lead them to winches hidden discretely below the sheerline. In any event, what you describe is good, in that you don't have the external constraint of preparing people for some other vessel, since your group owns none.
But since you aren't training anyone for a bigger boat, you are in the enviable position of getting to define what is good enough.
While I understand that, I spent ten years helping jr high and high-school age kids go aloft, and we never had a problem. Again, Bolger discusses options and his own preference, so if at all possible we need to get you to read that section. I believe in doing things like this--I spent an awful lot of time doing something similar, but with bigger boats.
Farmers harvest grapes in Pingdu, Qingao, where the Qingdao Dazeshan Mountain Hiking Festival kicks off from Saturday.
The Qingdao Dazeshan Mountain Hiking Festival kicked of from Saturday in Pingdu, the largest county-level city in the province.
The town of Dazeshan has hosted the China Qingdao Dazeshan Grape Festival for 29 years and its grapes are reputed to be on a par with those from Xinjiang, which is believed to produce the best grapes in China.
Since 1987, the price of local grapes has increased 50 times to more than 10 yuan ($1.54) per kilogram.
Dazeshan boasts more than 200 varieties of grapes, including Muscat Hamburg, Zeshan No 1 and Golden Finger, and the town's local vineyards cover more than 2,300 hectares. Dazeshan's vineyards are also benefiting from the growth of the wine and tourist industries. The regional government has, in recent years, taken steps to preserve the natural environment, including closing a number of quarries and stone processing plants, despite their significant tax contributions.
Under current plans, the park will be located in the Qingdao Bonded Port Jiaozhou Function Area, which boasts capabilities to support multimodal transport logistics, facilitating smooth transportation, e-commerce and high-end manufacturing, as well as research and development facilities. It is hoped that the park will increase bilateral investment and trade cooperation among countries in Asia and Europe by mobilizing resources domestically and overseas, said Wang Shoupeng, head of Jiaozhou commerce department.
Today it boasts a well-developed freight transport system with seamless sea and rail links. Shipping company CRIntermodal has set up one of its 18 logistics terminals in Jiaozhou, which connects with nearly 600 container transaction stations across the country. Jiaozhou's rail links connect Qingdao with China's western frontier city of Khorgos in Xinjiang, and also reach as far as Amsterdam through the Eurasia Continental Bridge. To make things easier for logistics operators, the Qingdao Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau opened a sub-office in Jiaozhou in October 2013.
Ratanina Masha (right) from Russia, who studies Chinese at the Ocean University of China, proudly displays her calligraphy skills on Neighbor Day on April 20 in Shinan District, Qingdao. Dozens of foreigners gathered in a small neighborhood in Qingdao's Shinan district on the afternoon of April 20.
They came to make friends among the locals in honor of Neighbor Day, an 18-day event celebrated across Qingdao, including the county-level cities on its outskirts, such as Jiaozhou.
The festival started 12 years ago after a 10-year-old girl called Sun Ruihan was rebufed after paying a New Year's visit to her neighbor. The concept was embraced by the municipal government and promoted as a city-level event in a bid to boost friendliness and civility in the city. As the birthplace of the festival, Shibei district hosted the opening ceremony of this year's Neighbor Day on April 19.
In Jiaozhou, a county-level city of Qingdao, organizers hosted a number of activities to bring neighbors together, including the sharing of family stories and a mobile neighbors' library to share books.
As the central area of downtown Qingdao, Shinan district attracts many foreigners into its communities, thus there is also international representation at their Neighbor Day activities. Sarah Sobas from the United States said she had a great time with her neighbors as she experienced the art of Chinese paper cutting for the first time. Ratanina Masha from Russia, who is studying Chinese at the Ocean University of China, described the event as a great opportunity to make friends with her Chinese neighbors and learn about the local culture with them. As China prepares to host its first G20 Summit, the importance of this grouping of major world economies is becoming more apparent, according to experts. The event, slated for September 4-5 in East China's Hangzhou city, comes at a time when increasing deflationary risks loom over the global economy's recovery. Boosting growth among developing countries is highlighted on the summit's agenda, as has making more progress in areas such as addressing global climate change. Since December, around 30 preparatory meetings have been held at the ministerial or working-group level, including a gathering of personal representatives of heads of state, known as sherpas, as well as finance, trade and foreign ministers.
More than 30 additional meetings are scheduled later this year to ensure the summit's success, according to the latest calendar of events published on the G20's official website. On April 8, a presidency statement was released following the Second G20 Sherpa Meeting in Guangzhou, stating that the assembled representatives would work toward promoting the implementation of the Paris Agreement, which was adopted at the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December.
Huang Wei, a researcher on global economic governance at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, noted that "the G20 now represents the best efficiency in the aspect of global economic governance", while other mechanisms - such as the UN and G7 - are faced with higher cost or lack of influence.
Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and China's G20 Sherpa Li Baodong has described the Hangzhou summit as "the first time that the G20 will formulate an action plan on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development". This ambitious agenda, adopted in September, is designed to serve as the launchpad for action to promote shared prosperity and well-being for the next 15 years. Upon China's initiative, the G20 is examining ways to support industrialization in Africa and what are known as least development countries, Li added. Zhu Jiejin, an associate professor on global governance studies at Fudan University in Shanghai, said if the G20 takes the 2030 Agenda as one of its policy goals, the gathering itself will win more recognition for its role as a "leading international economic cooperation platform". This will "offer political impetus" for implementing the agenda, make the work of international organs such as the UN easier and encourage more countries to join in, Zhu said. Gao Hucheng, minister of commerce, has said China will work alongside various parties to push for establishing the G20 trade and investment cooperation mechanism to "regularize" the G20 trade ministers' meeting. Huang Wei noted that although the G20 has built mechanisms for regularized meetings of finance, labor ministers and governors of central banks, many other ministerial-level meetings are not regularized yet.
Since registration opened in December, more than 100,000 volunteers have signed up to help with the high-level international forum for governments and central bank governors. Around 26,000 of these volunteers are university professors and their students, who will be whittled down to a short list of 3,000 through a strict selection and training process. These will be the on-site volunteers, who are required to have a relatively high-level of language ability and work at the summit itself, whereas city volunteers will help out with public security patrols, environment management and culture publicity in Hangzhou. Wang Lingwei, a graduate student from Zhejiang Gongshang University, said it would be an honor to be selected as an on-site volunteer.
Wang Yuejun, director of Hangzhou Volunteering Work Guide Center, said there was more than two decades' worth of community service experience in the city, which has more than a million registered volunteers and 13,750 volunteer organizations, with volunteering service stations in 97 percent of communities. In addition to the local recruitment drive, an international volunteer team has also been set up in the city featuring more than 20 students and teachers from the United States, Russia, Italy, South Korea, Ukraine, Indonesia and Congo, among other countries. According to the local authorities, all volunteers will be managed in real-time through an online platform, with their contributions to the summit recorded in the form of points and rankings to add incentives for good service. More than 5,500 volunteer service activities have already been carried out in Hangzhou in preparation for the summit, with a total of 360,000 volunteer man-hours recorded. Members of an international volunteer team attend a public event in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. The governor reiterated that the central bank will maintain a "prudent" monetary policy, but be "flexible" and "appropriate" in its implementation.
The upward track has lessened the need for further monetary easing, which is why Zhou didn't mention the "bias toward easing" this time, analysts said. While optimistic about China's short-term growth outlook, global banks see medium to long-term risk rising, as the first-quarter's rebound remained credit-fuelled. Even Zhou acknowledged there is a serious problem with China's debt, and has raised the issue several times in recent months.
China's corporate debt is the highest among major economies, amounting to 166.3 percent of GDP by the end of the third quarter, according to the Bank for International Settlement. English learning activities have been organized across the city as part of efforts to better serve the summit, which is scheduled to open in early September. In March, the team behind local mobile app Xiangfu Community, based in the city's Gongshu district, started a campaign to get residents speaking more English by providing free language learning content and encouraging users to learn a new sentence each day. Once a week, a lesson with a senior English language teacher is organized through the app, and English-themed discussion activities are held once a month. Elsewhere, residents are being encouraged to share their learning experiences via a discussion group on the social media WeChat, and traffic police in the city's West Lake area have also been learning English to better communicate with international visitors during the summit. West Lake attracts a large number of foreign tourists each year due to its renowned natural beauty, yet visitors often commit traffic violations. Improving conversational English has been a key component of the West Lake police team's training over the past year. All officers are given a book titled Summit English to facilitate police self-learning and practice, while common phrases are sent through a WeChat group called "Everyday English". An English Service Team has also been established and is providing English service to visitors. ZF's Advanced Urban Vehicle concept car is fully electronically driven and its functions and features offer a completely autonomous driving experience. ZF Friedrichshafen AG, the German automotive chassis and driveline technology company, is strengthening its capabilities to serve e-mobility.
ZF recently added an e-mobility division to its corporate structure to ensure it is better able to meet the needs of its customers. The new division is a complement to five existing divisions that produce car powertrain technology, car chassis technology, commercial vehicle technology, industrial technology, and active and passive safety technology. He said that ZF's immediate goal is not pure e-mobility but promoting electrification to reduce the combustion engine's workload and optimize fuel consumption.
The core of the new e-mobility division is ZF's existing electronic systems and electric traction drive technology business units. Grotendorst said that the new division will focus primarily on three areas of activity: low-voltage technology, plug-in hybrid drivelines and electric axle drives.
While many industrial giants are exploring opportunities in the e-mobility sector, what makes ZF different, Grotendorst said, is that its customers will benefit from the group's overall expertise and in-depth knowledge of electric drivelines, chassis and related components enabling customers to get solutions from a single source.
According to ZF, its e-mobility product portfolio ranges from integrated 48-volts solutions outputting 15 kilowatts which can be used in mild hybrid systems to powerful electric motors producing up to 120 kilowatts for plug-in hybrid transmissions.
ZF considers China one of the most important markets for e-mobility because of the government's focus on the environment and support for new-energy vehicles. China's central government plans to have five million NEVs on the nation's roads by 2020, and it has implemented a series of policies to support the realization of that target. At the end of 2015, the central government issued a draft plan that will reward provinces and cities that meet the minimum requirement of selling more than 30,000 NEVS this year with 90 million yuan ($13.88 million).
There will be a special bonus of 7.5 million yuan for every 2,500 units of increased sales. The government also requires all new residential complexes to have charging posts or to assign space for them, while at least 10 percent of the spaces in public parking lots should have charging facilities. ZF has established both a research and development team and a sales team which focus on e-mobility in Shanghai to meet demand from the Chinese market.
He said it is necessary to form such research and development teams in local markets because they will have better knowledge about local market, which will be beneficial to customers. ZF Friedrichshafen AG expects overall revenue growth of 7 percent over the medium term, which would be above-average for the market as a whole. According to the company, its sales revenue will be between 35 billion euros ($39.45 billion) and 36 billion euros in 2016.
The adjusted earnings before interest and taxes margin for 2016 is expected to be between 5 and 6 percent. ZF said that the markets for passenger cars as well as for light and heavy commercial vehicles will show solid overall development this year. At the same time, ZF expects its Industrial Technology Division to see substantial sales growth in 2016. The acquisition of TRW, one of the leading auto safety parts suppliers, was completed on May 15 last year. Sommer said ZF TRW already presented initial successes from the comprehensive, multiyear integration process. Chenming, a paper-making company, increased its annual production capacity from 180,000 metric tons to 300,000 tons after moving to the new industrial zone.
The government invited city -planning experts from the United States to design the new Hadawan, and professional ecology restoration companies to treat the soil in Hadawan, as the former factories had contaminated the land with their waste. Only after the soil was restored did the government start introducing cultural and tourism projects and real estate industries. To control the noise generated by the Changchun-Jilin high-speed railway, which runs through Hadawan, the city government built soil slopes covered with thick wood and noise barriers on either side of the lines. New high-rise modern apartment buildings are scheduled to be finished soon to accommodate previous residents as well as newcomers.
Zou said Hadawan's transformation project pays special attention to making use of what it had and turning unfavorable factors, such as the high-speed railway cutting through the area, into integral parts of the city. All garbage is sorted in the new Hadawan and refuse that cannot be recycled is burned in a local power plant to generate energy. China National Petroleum Corp's petrochemicals branch in Jilin makes a profit in the first three months of this year, thanks to breakthroughs in production technology. China National Petroleum Corp's petrochemicals branch in Jilin was known as the Jilin Chemical Industry Co before it was merged with its current parent firm in 1998.
The Jilin Chemical Industry Co was built in 1954 as China's first large-scale chemical industry base, produced dyes, chemical fertilizers and calcium carbide.
Overcapacity in the industry, the economic slowdown and weakening market demand in the past three years have aggravated uncertainties and risks to the company's operation.


To overcome these difficulties, the company has raised its employees' awareness of possible crises, improved its management and boosted innovation. Last year, the company processed 8 million metric tons of crude oil and 670,000 tons of ethylene.
In the first quarter of this year, the company grabbed opportunities in the market's recovery to expand production. General Manager Sun Shuzhen said: "State-owned companies should change their image of always incurring losses. The company ended its losses this year, after producing new products, such as Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, polyethylene pipe material and aviation kerosene.
The R&D team in the high alcohols factory found new ways to remove impurities and nitride oxides in the processing of crude oil.
Qiu Ke, Party chief of the company, said: "The innovation concept is ingrained in people's hearts in this venture. Qiu said the company will upgrade its utility boilers to make them more environmentally friendly, make the gas they produce cleaner and replace ethylene glycol with ethylene oxide.
The industry park has its own brands, whole-industry-chain services and strong research and development capabilities.
Sun Xiaotian, who returned from Japan in 2002, set up his own business in the industry park.
In the early development stage, many factories in the park operated as original equipment manufacturers. The industrial park administrative committee then set up a research and development center, providing new designs and updated market information to companies.
Wang Mingna, director of the R&D center, said her team is making socks with new nanomaterials. The center is looking for all possible materials that can be used in the production of socks. With the help of e-commerce, for domestic orders of fewer than 100,000 pairs of sock, the companies ensure that their customers receive their products within seven days of receiving the orders. The central government earmarked Liaoyuan as one of the first batch of resource-depletion cities that must transform their economies in 2005, when the sock industry started taking off in the city. Tian said a large number of related enterprises on the sock industry chain concentrate on the e-commerce platform.
The third "Talk About Jilin" activity was launched in Northeast Normal University in Changchun, Jilin province, on April 20. The government-organized activity asked expatriates in Jilin to share their views on the province in order to deepen mutual understanding between foreigners and locals and to help the government improve its governance.
Students from Mozambique, Vietnam, the Republic of Korea, Russia and the United States shared their views with Chinese students at the activity, which was attended by provincial government officials. Hong Seung Woo, a student from the ROK, said he has been studying in Jilin for the past eight years. Damission Celsio Emilio, a student from Mozambique, and Mac Anh Dung, a student from Vietnam, praised Jilin's picturesque natural views, its cuisine, people and standard of living.
Environmental education has become an essential part in young students' growth and it is important for them to have a global environmental view, said Jiang Nanqing, national officer at the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). She said she hopes young students understand the relationship between the environment and their life and consider the environmental impact of future development.
Tan Xiaoqing, vice-principal of Beijing No 4 High School, said the school makes full use of high-quality, educational resources, both in and out of the classroom, to ensure students get the best possible environmental education. Tan said the school's students also took part in many related activities, with some producing a report in 2013 examining how air pollution in Beijing can be tackled. The report, which had the support of more than 200 students, showcased students' sense of responsibility, Tan said.
Wang Tao, vice-principal of Beijing 101 Middle School, said the school focused on students' main roles in the cause of environmental protection and that many of the school's environmental activities were planned and organized by students.
The school also encouraged students to participate in field studies, with some students visiting and carrying out research at the once-desertified Engebei ecological demonstration area in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region in July 2013. In March 2015, more than 20 students from the school went to Fragrant Hills to help pick up litter.
Feng Hong, vice-principal at Beijing No 2 Experimental Primary School, said it is the responsibility of educators to help foster students' awareness of environmental protection and encourage them to lead environmentally friendly lifestyles. An event about garbage classification was held at the school in December 2014 and some students performed a play about environmental protection that was conceived by the students themselves.
The students also showcased the school's achievements in environmental education, including garbage sorting and resource recycling. UNEP and the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education were two of the organizers of the International Principal Forum on Environmental Education. The commission has asked schools to use interesting teaching methods to encourage students to engage with environmental issues and encourage them to think independently.
According to Wang, Beijing launched a scientific suggestion award for primary and middle school students in 2009 because of a student named Zhu Xiaoxuan. Zhu wrote a letter arguing that motor vehicle engines should cut out at red traffic lights and reignite when the lights turn green.
The letter was sent to former Premier Wen Jiabao during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and at this time, Zhu was still at Beijing No 2 Experimental Primary School.
He said the commission plans to improve the environmental education system in Beijing and better inform people about environmental issues. UNEP's Jiang said the organization has held youth summer camps in the Kubuqi Desert in Inner Mongolia with the aim of showing students the effects of environmental changes.
To Jiang's pleasure, several camp participants told her how the summer camp had changed their attitude toward the environment. We try to help students become more aware of environmental protection through organized activities.
I hope youths can cultivate responsibility and enthusiasm in their environmental protection participation. All parts of society need to enhance teenagers' awareness of the environmental issues and education must play a vital role. Environmental education has gone far beyond school classes into an indispensable part of students' lives. Over 20 students from 16 primary, middle and high schools from the Chinese capital, five provinces and the Guangxi Zhuang and Xinjiang Uygur autonomous regions delivered speeches on topics covering sustainable lifestyle habits, innovative ideas and environmental protection campaigns.
Zheng Bozhong, one of the speakers and a junior from the High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China in Beijing, talked about how air pollution has hindered his running.
Zheng said teenagers could make major contributions to environmental protection, citing Boyan Slat as an example.
In 2013, Slat, at the time 19 years old, unveiled a project to create an ocean cleanup array that could remove 7.25 million metric tons of plastic waste from the world's oceans.
After Boyan quit college in 2013, he set up The Ocean Cleanup, which attracted 100 employees across the world, including 70 scientists, experts and engineers. With a yearlong effort, the group issued a 528-page-long report to prove the project's feasibility. Wu Haiyi, a sixth-grader from Wan Quan Primary School in Beijing, said using renewable energies is "a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels that can help us make a better world, because they have no negative impact on the environment".
Wu said the commission on sustainable development could work with the United Nations Environment Program to provide suggestions to countries, set up investigation groups and establish a partnership mechanism to reach balance between developed and developing countries. In their speech, Zeng Shulan, 14, Feng Kehao, 14, and Huang Yueliang, 13, from the Liuzhou No 12 Middle School, compared Liuzhou's current conditions to 20 years ago to highlight the importance of environmental protection.
Liuzhou is famed for its natural beauty in China, but the city in Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region has had a high incidence of acid rain for more than a decade.
Led by the United Nations Environment Program and the All-China Environment Federation, the project, which started in 2014 and ends this month, strives to construct green and comfortable communities in China and guide consumers to choose environmentally friendly products and services in their daily lives. Taking communities as basic units of sustainable consumption, the project conducts surveys on residents' ideas and practices in the city's Shijingshan Bajiaobeili and Wangjing communities, sets up systematic criteria for evaluation and analysis, and gives suggestions on the country's future strategies and development model. The surveys found that 51 percent of respondents have heard of sustainable consumption, but only 3 percent of them know about the concept. Lyu Keqin, deputy secretary of ACEF, said research on China's sustainable consumption is currently limited but that there are key standards being implemented in the two communities that could be promoted around the country.
Those key standards that the two communities will be measured by include the conservation of resources, purchase of environmentally safe products, garbage sorting and low-carbon traveling. Other standards include how often energy-saving products are used and how often garbage pickups are conducted as well as the effectiveness of community management and participation of the public.
Chang Yan, project manager at UNEP, said the change in residents' consumption habits is essential for the country's sustainable development. She said over the past 30 years, the rate of global energy expenditure has increased to 85 percent, and by 2030, China will have the highest rate of consumption among economies in the world with more than 500 million middle-class consumers. Compared to developed countries in Europe and North America that mainly focus on technological innovations, government policies, art activities and infrastructure, China is paying more attention to long-term sustainable development, city planning, government supervision and the balancing of interests. He said enterprises also need to have sustainable production process and research and development. Zhang Yonghong, secretary of ACEF, said at the First China Youth Environmental Forum held on Saturday that teenagers have become a driving force for China's green future.
One morning in 1998, David Leffman awoke with a desert-dry throat, a thumping hangover and a notebook littered with jottings about an uprising in the 1860s that resulted in the deaths of 3 million people. The hangover, courtesy of a three-day "sisters meal" with the Miao people in the southwestern province of Guizhou, eventually subsided, but he couldn't get the scribbled notes out of his mind. That weekend marked the start of a 15-year obsession with William Mesny, a British adventurer who arrived in China as a penniless sailor in 1860 and rose to the rank of general in the Imperial Army of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), before dying as he had arrived almost broke in Shanghai in 1919.
The upshot of that decade and a half of research is Leffman's recently published book, The Mercenary Mandarin: How a British Adventurer Became a General in Qing-Dynasty China. Mesny, a native of Jersey in the Channel Islands, led a dangerous life in China, plying many trades gunrunner, jailer, newspaper columnist, government official, soldier, bridge designer, author and historian, to name just a few before donning his general's uniform. He spoke fluent Chinese, advocated the modernization of all areas of society, and (unusually for a Westerner at the time) had several close Chinese friends and seemed untainted by notions of superiority.
His travels were so remarkable, and well-publicized at the time, that it's surprising that The Mercenary Mandarin is the first full biography of Mesny, although Leffman expresses admiration for Keith Stevens' A Jersey Adventurer in China, published in 1992. In Leffman's hands, Mesny emerges as someone who was always at least in his own accounts in the thick of the action.
He also had a tendency to take credit for other people's ideas, despite his quietly deep Methodist faith, while his refusal to give "gifts" to local officials often hindered his progress in terms of geography and his career. The first official reference to Mesny comes in 1860 in an Australian newspaper report about the 18-year-old sailor being fined for an unprovoked attack on his ship's bosun. The brothers' presence obviously perplexed Michael, who paid Leffman "a huge compliment by complaining loudly to his entourage of photographers that I didn't look like a Wham fan".
A few years later, as a fledgling author for the Rough Guide travel series, he used his photojournalism experience to successfully lobby the editors to send him to southwestern China. In addition to China, Leffman has written guidebooks about many countries and regions, including Iceland, Australia and Indonesia, and has even ghost written a Chinese cookbook.
He estimates he has visited China more than 15 times since that 1985 trip, traveling, observing, learning and writing about a country that has fascinated him for the 30 years he and I have known one another.
Although it took many years to research Mesny's life, including retracing his steps, Leffman rarely considered he might not finish The Mercenary Mandarin. Mesny's affection for most things Chinese is highlighted in The Mercenary Mandarin through his own words, culled from thousands of items, including newspaper articles, published collectively as Mesny's Chinese Miscellany. Running to 2,000 pages across four volumes, the miscellany contains Mesny's thoughts on life in China - politics, food, social mores, ailments and treatments - and his own perilous financial situation. Leffman retraced Mesny's seemingly endless treks, visiting the places where he fought or lived, and interviewing direct descendents of many of his friends and colleagues. As Leffman points out in his introduction to The Mercenary Mandarin, the miscellany is an extraordinary work, given that Mesny left school at age 8 and his English was initially poor. Leffman has decided that it's now time to close the book on Mesny and is juggling ideas for a new project.
Foreign families, especially in the United States, are increasingly willing to adopt Chinese orphans with special needs, according to anecdotal evidence from experts and institutions. China's Ministry of Civil Affairs says 2,887 international adoptions of Chinese children were finalized in 2014 - about 13 percent of the total 22,772 who were adopted. Although no official statistics show how many of the adopted children had disabilities, experts believe they can see a pattern in the willingness of foreigners to adopt children with special needs. It comes from a combination of relative wealth, the state of development of healthcare and social services systems, and mature attitudes and Christian values, according to Ian Milligan, international lead of the Centre for Excellence for Looked After Children, an organization based in Scotland. One example is Hollywood actor Jim Caviezel, a devout Catholic, who adopted three children with special needs from China. The advanced medical and social evaluations available in some overseas countries helps families make their decision, Tong says.
In 2005, China relaxed the rules for overseas applicants willing to adopt a disabled child. It takes an applicant in the US five years or longer to adopt a healthy Chinese girl under 2 years old, according to Joshua Zhong, president of the Chinese Children Adoption International, based in Colorado, US. That contrasts sharply with what the US State Department says was the typical processing time for a Chinese adoption in 2015 - 249 days. Deng Zhixin, founder of Angel Home, a nongovernmental relief agency in Beijing that helps disabled and ill orphans, says the maturity of parents underlies their adoption decisions. When a young couple is starting a family through adoption, it's harder to consider a child with special needs. But as we had more children and looked at the options of continuing to build our family, those things became less important. After we brought Kate home in 2006, we had to wait a year to file for another adoption from China. Many times people will say to me that our children are "so lucky" to be in our family, but they don't really understand that we are the lucky ones.
We are grateful to China for allowing international adoption and, in so doing, allowing us to bring so much richness and beauty to our home. The first time I felt a genuine urge to drink tea was in 2003, when I stayed briefly in the United Kingdom. I took packs of green teas with me as gifts but was disappointed to find my British friends preferred much stronger black teas from Sri Lanka. After I came back to China and started to cover food stories, I met friends in the tea-drinking circle and learned more. Another major difference is that Chinese people prefer to drink what are called "original leaf" teas, in which the leaves are whole, compared to the finely chopped black tea that is prevalent in the world market. Jason Burnett has been appointed general manager of Crowne Plaza Beijing Sun Palace, managed by InterContinental Hotel Group. Park Plaza Beijing Wangfujing was named best mid-range hotel in Beijing by TTG China Travel Awards for the fourth consecutive year. Kempinski Hotel Beijing hosted its annual Vienna Ball for the second consecutive year in March, under the patronage of the Austrian embassy in China and the Vienna city government.
While luxury brands have established enviable reputations built on former glories, that does not mean they are stuck in the past. To maintain their vitality, they take inspiration from their heritage and renew and reinterpret their traditions in the crucible of contemporary culture.
At the heart of this process are the artisans whose alchemy maintains the authentic DNA of the brands while embracing and redefining the spirit of the times. This June, The Peninsula Arcade is taking shoppers on a journey to explore the world of some of the legendary artisans that are transforming luxury traditions into a heritage for the future. For one month only, guests and shoppers at The Peninsula Hong Kong, The Peninsula Shanghai and The Peninsula Beijing can gain privileged insights into the pride and passion at the heart of the peerless expertise of these artisans through exclusive exhibitions, live demonstrations and unique premieres. At The Peninsula Beijing, for example, Graff and Bulgari are presenting special exhibitions of their high jewelry. While Franck Muller will launch 10 "Peninsula" limited edition watches that will only be available at The Peninsula Shanghai.
There will also be special showcases by brands such as Breguet, Cartier, Chanel, Harry Winston and Van Cleef & Arpels.
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I teach sailing as part of a non-profit group called Venturing, which specializes in providing outdoor adventure opportunities to older teens and young adults. What I envision is something around 30' that would be primarily fore and aft rigged, with a gaff mainsail, staysails and jibs, and a simplified square rig on the foremast, all handled from the deck. The month-long event will help further enhance the region's reputation for grapes, which are a local specialty. Once the owner of a stone-processing plant, he was forced to consider a new direction when the plant was shut down.
The town's more than 70 hotels and restaurants welcome more than 600,000 visitors annually and they come to taste the grapes and wine on offer. The bridge has cut transportation time from 45 days to 15 days compared with the sea route.
They also learnt the arts of Chinese calligraphy, dumpling making, paper cutting, and discovered the culture of Chinese family trees. Upset by the incident, she wrote to the Shibei district government of Qingdao, suggesting that they introduce a "Neighbor Day" to encourage greater community spirit.
With the theme of "neighbors as family", selected role models and citizen representatives from across the city gathered to share their homemade food and discuss the family stories behind those delicacies.
For example, I was provided with a detailed introduction to the G20 and its background," said Wang. Cascading fears about a hard economic landing for China had receded, replaced with improved growth momentum. This is a nuanced shift from 50 days ago, when he pledged a "prudent" monetary policy with "a bias toward easing".
In fact, the International Monetary Fund and several global banks have raised their outlook for China's GDP growth rate this year, after the first quarter.
Nomura noticed that the incremental credit-output ratio -or how much new credit is needed to generate one unit of real GDP growth - jumped to a record-high of five in the first quarter because of the diminishing effect of credit.
In particular, the acceleration in credit growth in recent quarters suggested that the debt in the economy, especially corporate debt, will continue to move up," said Zhu Haibin, J.P.
He warned corporate lending as a ratio to GDP had become too high and the country must develop more robust capital markets to mitigate that risk. However, Zhou noted that compared with countries without high saving rates, the ratio is not that high. Having traffic police who can speak fluent English helps maintain order and ensure the safety of tourists, according to officials. They have made a specialized implementation plan, which assigns forms of English language training based on the officer's age and learning stage. The new division, which was established earlier this year, has brought all e-mobility related ZF technologies, which were distributed across multiple organizational units in previous years, into one division with over 5,000 employees. One of these mega trends is, of course, efficiency," said Joerg Grotendorst, who is the head of the e-mobility division of ZF.
Additionally, there will be an E-Mobility System House, which will incorporate various e-mobility projects from the entire company. However, the perception of ZF is that most of their projects have historically been linked to transmissions. But if you want to put these together, we are the only company in the world who have everything under one roof," he said. The policy requiring public parking lots to have charging facilities in at least 10 percent of the parking spaces by 2020 is something where the development of e-mobility in China is in a much better position than in Germany," Grotendorst said. The anticipated adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization margin will be over 10 percent.
TRW was integrated into ZF as the newly established Active and Passive Safety Technology Division.
With our new structure we are perfectly placed to become a truly global integrated systems supplier," said Sommer. A job in Hadawan equates to a decent and enviable life in the city," Zhao said of the old days with his fellow workers.
The large amount of unemployed workers, out-of-date industrial and life infrastructures and the deteriorating environment in Hadawan made it a quasi-shantytown in the north of the city. Hadawan's closeness to the river and mountains makes it an ideal option to develop into a new urban area, suitable for emerging industries and housing. All existing factories were relocated in the Jinzhu industrial zone, 30 kilometers from Hadawan, making way for environmentally friendly emerging industries.
With better infrastructure and ample space, the company imported advanced equipment to produce paper and minimize its environmental influence.
The new road has become a commercial zone, and the riverside has more space, which now forms a public park, giving Hadawan a picturesque view of the second-largest river in Northeast China. Not far from these residential communities are schools, hospitals, a city complex, an industrial heritage park that was built in the workshops of a cement factory, and office buildings.
By the end of March, it had processed 2.24 million tons of crude oil, and 190,000 tons of ethylene. However, in the first three months of this year, the branch's profit from its refining and chemical businesses was 770 million yuan. Its research and development team for ABS made key breakthroughs in production technology after more than 1,300 experiments last year.
Because of those findings, the company can produce aviation kerosene with higher added value. He said the company will focus on the research and development of new technologies and products, and the upgrading of production facilities. About 7 million pairs of cotton socks are transported to every corner of the world from the park each day.
His company is committed to producing customized socks, such as red socks folded in rose patterns to be used in traditional Chinese wedding ceremonies, and socks packaged as Christmas and birthday gifts.
The researchers often go to the United States and Japan to keep abreast with the latest market developments to understand the new trends. The whole process includes purchasing cotton, spinning, dyeing, weaving, packaging and transportation. More than 1,000 of these expats have shown their support or have directly participated in the "Talk about Jilin" activities.
Jiang was speaking at the first International Principal Forum on Environmental Education, which was held in Beijing on Saturday.
The report was presented to the city's environmental protection bureau, transport commission and political advisory body. Wang Jun, an official at the commission, said environmental education focuses on the relationship between people and the environment and aims to help solve environmental problems and realize sustainable development.
It will also encourage and support schools to better use the resources of Beijing's universities and scientific institutions so that teachers can attend related training sessions and meetings. According to Jiang, UNEP needs to learn from schools about how best to approach environmental education and she hopes schools and parents will continue to support activities held by the organization. We can repair the environment with advanced technologies, and on the other hand, primitive nature should be protected against damage. And that is exactly why climate action is listed as a sustainable development goal by the United Nations," said the 15-year-old. Instead of moving through the ocean, the array would span the radius of a garbage patch, acting as a giant funnel. Zheng said Boyan's project will not only protect the ocean's animals, but also "protect the last consciousness of environmental protection in out heart". There were also nearly 50 drainage channels extending into Liujiang River and discharging industrial sewage," they said.
Huang, who is from the Dong ethnic group, said environmental protection is also crucial to protecting the traditional Dong culture, such as their iconic costumes that are dyed by using a natural plant to extract indigo. The embroidered ball, a symbol of love in the Zhuang ethnic group, is an example of their dyeing methods.
As teenagers, our actions may have a negligible impact, but if they can influence the people around us, that would result in a great change to our world," the group said. We offer a long-time platform for teenagers to take part in various public environmental activities with the help from such universities as Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Zhejiang University and Renmin University," he said.
Despite being well-grounded in Chinese history, the British author was astonished he'd never heard of the uprising and decided to learn more. Although a biography, the book also acts as a guide to the history of the period and the conditions under which people lived.
On the positive side, he was ingenious, industrious, generous, resourceful, courageous and honest. In 1985, then a 20-year-old photography student, he was left a small inheritance, so he asked his tutors for permission to travel to China during term time to undertake a photojournalism project.
One day, at the Great Wall, they spotted a couple of Westerners being guided by a large group of Chinese officials and surrounded by photographers.
Only later did the brothers realize the two men were George Michael and Andrew Ridgley, then better known as Wham, the first Western pop group to perform in China.
Everything was grist to his mill, and although he rewrote previously published articles to bring his own role to the fore, the collection remains a valuable window into the last decades of the Qing. But he also set great store in the miscellany as a source for his subject's opinions of the people and events he encountered during nearly 60 years in China. As the Channel Islands are geographically closer to France than the British mainland, the Mesny family spoke French at home.
The parental age limit was raised to 55 from 50, and requirements connected to other offspring were lifted. The average completion time was 282 days for all adoptions in 2014, suggesting that a significant portion of those may have involved children with disabilities on a faster track.
Every child - biological or adopted, healthy or special needs - is going to have issues and struggles in life. The next day, we got a call from the social worker about a baby girl who had hands that were formed different and was missing part of her right leg.
We didn't find her special needs to be so challenging; rather the transition into our family was harder.
Later I learned that although people know China for its teas, it ranks only third among the world's black tea exporters, after Sri Lanka and Kenya.
Although the majority of the rest of the world drinks black tea, which the Chinese call "red tea", China produces and drinks mostly green teas. While other parts of the world spend a few dollars on a pound of finely chopped black tea, for 200-400 yuan ($31-$62) one can only get an average tea in the Chinese market. It is estimated that there are more than 2,000 teas in China if you divide them geographically, including more than 600 locally famous brews.
A written record about Shennong, the legendary Chinese ancestor who started agriculture, tasted hundreds of grasses to find the proper grains, but was made ill from toxins many times a day.
Burnett will also be regional general manager of Crowne Plaza and Holiday Inn Hotels in Beijing.
Chin, from Malaysia, has worked in the hospitality industry for 21 years and embarked on a career in China in 2001.
Presented by one of the world's most influential trade publishers, TTG Publishing, the TTG China Travel Awards honors the most outstanding performers for their contributions to the travel industry in China. At The Peninsula Hong Kong, Goyard will launch an exclusive limited edition of its emblematic Bourget trolley suitcase.
If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable. Mountain hiking, white-water rafting, horseback riding, and sailing are some of the programs available. I've considered the idea of retro-fitting an existing boat but I was hoping that there was a functional design that takes into consideration the extra weight, sail area, rigging stresses, etc.
Gao invested in grape planting and he now owns an estate, which includes a hotel, and offers grape tasting, sightseeing and wine making activities.
There was also a 'knock-on-the-door' activity to help neighbors network with each other and enhance communication among them.
Pressure on deflation and capital outflow had eased; commodity prices, which had plunged in the previous six months, staged a rebound.
That statement was widely reported and interpreted as the central bank's readiness to scale up liquidity injection if required. New loans extended by banks jumped to 4.61 trillion yuan, nearly 1 trillion yuan more than the same period last year. Grotendorst said the company plans to "focus on full electrification of vehicle drive trends". The combined company has a global workforce of around 138,300 at about 230 locations in some 40 countries. During the First Five-Year Plan (1953-57) and the Second Five-Year Plan (1958-62), Hadawan developed into an industrial base of national importance. The four main industries in Hadawan are producing charcoal ink, ferroalloys, cement and paper. Di Hong, director of the factory, said: "The price of our aviation kerosene is 500 yuan more than that of 1 ton of diesel. According to Qiu, the company's target this year is to process 9.1 million tons of crude oil and 800,000 tons of ethylene.
The first China Youth Environmental Forum and a middle school student concert on environmental protection were also held along with the principal forum on Saturday. Sadly for Mesny, those attributes were overshadowed by less-admirable qualities, such as impulsiveness, a desire to stand on his dignity and an almost childlike naivety. It was a brave move, given that China was in turmoil the Taiping Rebellion (1850-64) was in full swing and with the Second Opium War (1856-60) about to reach its bloody conclusion, British adventurers were far from welcome. Before the change, adopting parents were required to have fewer than five children under the age of 18. You feel as though you have already missed out on pregnancy and other experiences many couples take for granted.
They have strengths and struggles, talents, dreams, and a craving for love and acceptance, just as all of us do. When I tell my children: "I am so glad I get to be your mom," I can't even express to you how much I mean that. Although it was too strong to my tongue, I felt it was a necessity because it was comforting to my body. Some mingqian cha, green teas made with the first spring sprouts before qingming, the tomb-sweeping festival that fell on April 4 this year, cost more than 1,000 yuan per 500 grams. Bloomberg Intelligence Economics' China Monetary Conditions Index rose in March, hitting its highest level since September 2011, thanks to PBOC's strong pro-growth real interest rate stance, outstanding loans and real effective exchange rate. Its main business revenue is expected to reach 60 billion yuan, with a net profit of more than 1.5 billion yuan and 13 billion yuan in tax paid. The region improved the industrial layout, closed down heavy polluted industries and aided local companies in preventing and treating pollution.
You don't want to give up on enjoying the newborn stage and becoming the parents of a "perfect" little baby.
That comes down to six main categories -green, white, yellow, dark-greenish (oolong), red and black teas. There are many enticing Chinese stories about tea like this one that draw people like me to learn more about the beverage. That way you could have minimum weight in light airs but increase sail-carrying power as things freshen up (the sail carrying power you would otherwise lose by narrowing the beam). It will hopefully provide a good platform to teach basic sailing and informal racing skills (these are teenagers, after all and will probably want to race everything in sight). I trying to plan for the future and while we can't afford to maintain a traditional training ship, I'm looking for something more challenging than a sloop.
Schooners come to mind, and I love schooners, (very familiar with the Light Schooner, and I share the reservations about square sail on that skinny, shallow hull) but can't find any smaller designs with any square rig on the foremast.
I'm not so much gung-ho about the going aloft part, as my students are mostly teenage non-sailors, but I want to capture some of the charm and the sense of how these ships were part of our history without creating a small caricature of a sailing ship.




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