The current diet study making headlines purportedly asked, and answered this question: which is better for weight loss and improving cardiac risk, a low-fat or a low-carb diet?
There is on-going debate today about specific effects of specific fats, but the wholesale cutting of dietary fat intake was pretty much yesterday’s news yesterday. The concept of low-carb is also terribly outdated, and was silly when it was first spawned. It was published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, and redounds much to the shame of this generally prestigious journal.
In contrast, baseline carbohydrate intake was 240 grams per day, so while fat intake was “trimmed” 5%, carbohydrate intake in that assignment was slashed 75%. That would be bad and biased enough if the researchers had made any attempt to compare comparably good, or comparably bad versions of the two diets; but they did not. And finally, the low-carb diet, since it was actually low-carb, obviously was much more restrictive than the low-fat diet, which wasn’t actually low-fat.
If this had actually been a study comparing comparably good (or comparably bad), genuinely low-fat and low-carb diets, it would still be research stuck in the Stone Age. Not relevant, because this was a study designed to generate a predictably useless, misleading, and potentially harmful answer to an egregiously silly and perhaps even willfully disingenuous question.
A Holiday Plea: Let’s Be Kinder on Facebook10 Reasons to Love Eggs8 Things to Know About the Humble PeaSugar is Poison. This entry was posted in WeightLoss and tagged Annals of Internal Medicine, calories, David Katz, guest post, Heart Disease, low carb, low-fat, obesity, paleo by Hemi Weingarten. If the diet is done properly, then there should be plenty of room for vegetables, berries, and nuts.
Gary Taubes deals with all of his in his magnum opus, which I doubt that you’ve read right through. Instead of your rambling incoherent columns which are a source of amusement to many, from your hospital which has a tenuous connection to Yale, I suggest that you write a metaphor-free essay on how you explain away the low-insulin levels of a low carb diet, and poo-hoo their significance. Folks, for any of you reading this, the fact that people on low carb lose weight by consuming fewer calories, I do not dispute, though it may be wrong. Table 2: Summary of the reaction time averages and standard deviation of the two experimental conditions. Our findings revealed that participants acting on congruent trials did experience an improved reaction time when compared to incongruent trials.
In addition to not examining past research entirely, our experimental design possesses other limitations.
Despite some of the downfalls of our design, our findings may suggest, that studying related experiments of similar complexity may be administered via the internet without a researcher present.
It would be interesting to see how RT is influenced when the amount of noise pollution is increased, as this would mimic a more real life environment.
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SCHWARZENEGGER: When I was 18 and still in the army, I entered the European body-building championship and won. SCHWARZENEGGER: I look forward to it, and when it starts, I tell myself that I have to go through this because damn few people can. SCHWARZENEGGER: I've torn pectoral muscles, fibers in my knee, in my thighs, and once I had to have an operation to repair torn cartilage. SCHWARZENEGGER: Really, though in my case, women have told me they're curious about its size—you know, outgoing chicks who're just trying to be outrageous or horny.
SCHWARZENEGGER: Are you asking if my basic motivation in building my body was to pick up girls? SCHWARZENEGGER: I don't have any sexual hang-ups, but I'm sure there are bodybuilders who have trouble with sex, and obviously the body building hasn't helped. SCHWARZENEGGER: In the past five or six years, I haven't had to do that, but I used to do all kinds of numbers in the gym just to make it clear that I was the best.
SCHWARZENEGGER: The general definition of being muscle-bound is that you have so many muscles that you can't move freely. SCHWARZENEGGER: No, I felt great because I was the first athlete to be in a museum displaying his work of art, which just happened to be my physique. SCHWARZENEGGER: Yes, I've been going to acting school and I know that this is what I really want to do. Several variations on the biceps curl transfer some of the load from the biceps to other flexors of the elbow.
Variations on this theme include the preacher curl where the elbows rest upon a sloped bench, which helps to keep the upper arm motionless. Christina Aguilera slammed tabloid reports that her 35-pound weight loss was the result of "extreme" dieting and exercise. Since her dramatic weight loss, Christina has been the target of vicious rumors that she slimmed down through drastic liposuction and other plastic surgeries. Aguilera has vehemently denied weight-loss surgery rumors, insisting a low-carb diet and yoga helped lose over 35 pounds. Aguilera previously explained that her 35-pound weight loss was the result of a healthy, low carb diet and yoga workouts.
Christina's diet combines high-quality fats like avocado with lean proteins such as chicken breast or fish and includes healthy snacks like almond butter with celery. In May 2008, Aguilera lost 40 pounds just four months after giving birth to son Max by combining cardiovascular workouts and weight-lifting for 90 minutes a day, five days a week, and following a low-carb diet. For starters, that is a truly lousy question, resurrected from something like the Stone Age.
Because it is long known and well established that dietary fats run the gamut from good to bad to ugly. The relevant concept today would be plant-based eating, which at the extreme of veganism, tends to be low in fat- but as an effect rather than an objective. Everything from lentils to lollipops is carbohydrate; why on earth would anyone want to treat such a vast expanse of the food supply as if it were just one thing? If you only read the headlines, you will believe it did- and frankly, most people will only read the headlines. This might have been billed “a study to compare a really big change from baseline diet to a really small change from baseline diet.” I suppose we can all guess why it wasn’t called that. The “low fat” diet was, for starters, not much lower in fat than the typical American diet, which as we all know- is basically crap. That had the predictable result: those on the low-carb assignment took in many fewer calories (this information in summarized in Table 2 in the article). As the head of a clinical research lab, and the author of textbooks on research methods- I am an advocate of sound answers to sensible questions. It was a comparison of a quite restricted, lower-calorie, low-fiber diet; to a less restricted, higher calorie, equally low-fiber diet. In fact, I got more vegetables while eating only 20g of carbs per day than I ever did on a low-fat diet. The reason that people on low carb diets can eat less is because their insulin is low and as a consequence their fat depots readily release fat for burning. Then we’ll have that on file to release when the dam of nutritional ingnorance finally breaks to flood the world in a healing balm of low carbosity. It is generally harder to most people to obtain all their essential nutrients on low carb diets. Participants performed on average 29.8 ms faster on congruent trials when compared to incongruent trials (See Figure 1). However, it was suggested visual cues can also measurably influence RT when varying the difficulty of the stimuli (Simon & Wolf, 1963).
This is inline with the conclusion made by Craft and Simon (1970), thus supporting their discovery. Firstly, it does not standardize the environment in which participants complete the experiment. This would greatly lower the manpower needed to administer experiments, lower cost dramatically and allow researchers to attend other important areas while the experiments run themselves at the personal leisure of the participants. Furthermore, future studies may want to incorporate a task where auditory cues are shown simultaneously with visual cues to determine if there is an interaction between the senses in responding to congruent and incongruent cues. This privacy policy document outlines the types of personal information is received and collected by the site, how it is used and safeguard your information.
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What drove me to become the world's greatest bodybuilder is no different from what drives other athletes to become great tennis players or boxers or jockeys. It was just like having a vision—you know, like when you hear a person say, "I saw Jesus and he talked to me, and now I'm so happy with life because I know I'm going to be taken care of," and all of a sudden he's relaxed, he's not haunted anymore—well, it was like that. It was my first competition and, even though it was the junior division, I instantly felt like King Kong, as if I'd already won the Mr.
It's like any other sport: You have to do what nobody else can do, and the only way is to push yourself past the limit. Maybe he's lifting five pounds, maybe only a single pound, but it can make all the difference. There's often a point where you say, "It's getting too intense here." Your partner might be a little scared of the next set because you've been pushing him too hard, so you'll crack a joke and go over to somebody else and bullshit a little. I don't say, "Arnold, how do you look?" but rather "Let's check out this body in the mirror and see what it looks like today." Professionally, I have to be detached in order to be critical of it.
It's true that I was in perfect proportion, but I weighed 228 pounds and I wanted to be 240, overall just bigger. The cock isn't a muscle, so it doesn't grow in relation to the shoulders, say, or the pectorals.
A girl can talk about my nose, my teeth or my accent—anything that gets a conversation going is fine with me. I've been approached by waitresses, stewardesses, teachers—come to think of it, there have been a great many teachers, women who are smart. If a girl comes on strong and says, "I really dig your body and I want to fuck the shit out of you," I just decide whether or not I like her. I can't sleep before competition and I'm up all night, anyway, so instead of staring at the ceiling I figure I might as well find somebody and fuck.
There are bodybuilders who are afraid of indulging in sex or even of playing other sports for fear of harming their bodies. It's like Ali doing something dirty in the ring—not many people are going to take it too seriously. I don't know of any bodybuilder in that category; in fact, many of them are quite active in other sports. For example, many women seem to have hang-ups about going out with me because they feel they have to be in the same shape that I am. When I was playing soccer at the age of 14, the first thing we'd do before going out onto the field would be to climb up on one another's thighs and massage the legs; it was a regular thing. I've been in America for only eight years, but there's been a change and it's getting better. One group of variations involves postures that hold the elbows in front of the trunk, shortening the biceps and forcing the brachialis to do more work.
Low carb diets promote rapid weight loss without hunger by forcing the body to burn fat fuel, said Dr. Yoga reduces stress, helps you build long, lean muscles and suppress appetite, said Jennifer Aniston's yoga teacher, Mandy Ingber, author of Yogalosophy. A graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, Samantha enjoys running, cycling and photography.
I doubt even the Paleo clan find the question attractive, since they like prehistoric food; not prehistoric research questions about food.
No good diet should willfully exclude the monounsaturated fats and omega-3s in nuts and seeds and avocados; I’m pretty sure everybody not stuck under a boulder knows that.
But in fact, they compared a diet that allowed up to 30% of calories from fat to a diet that allowed up to 40 grams of daily carbohydrate.
The baseline fat intake of the participants in the low-fat assignment was just over 35% of calories, so this was, essentially, a diet intervention that didn’t intervene much with their diets.
Shockingly, the fiber intake was virtually identical, at about 15-16 grams per day, in both groups throughout the study.
Over the first several months of the study, when everyone was probably on their best behavior, the low-carb group took in about 200 fewer calories per day. And those who lost more weight had more improvement in their cardiac risk measures- which were mostly a mess in the first place due to obesity. Had it been such a study, it would still belong on the walls of a cave, rather than the pages of a generally high-quality peer-reviewed journal. He is the author of 15 books, including three editions of a nutrition textbook, four editions of an epidemiology textbook, and a text on clinical research methods. I’m effortlessly at a weight on a low carb diet that I could only attain on a low carb diet with extreme continuous gut-aching hunger. What IS important is that sticking to carb discipline, it is dead easy to maintain indefinitely. All marks, brands and names belong to the respective companies and manufacturers and are used solely to identify the companies and products. From this, Craft and Simon (1970) conducted a study where they found that participants showed a faster reaction time when visual stimuli were congruent to the response button location. Without a sense of the general noise pollution and lighting conditions under which participants completed the study, it would be very difficult to generalize our findings to other settings. Some of these advertisers may use technology such as cookies and web beacons when they advertise on our site, which will also send these advertisers information including your IP address, your ISP , the browser you used to visit our site, and in some cases, whether you have Flash installed.
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I didn't get into body building until I was 15, and, at the time, my parents thought I was crazy to get deeply involved with something for which there was so little precedent in Austria.
As time passed, I began to see it as a way out of Austria, an escape from the everyday life around me. He was publicized in the muscle magazines as a businessman and movie star, and the combination of the two so impressed me that all I could think of was winning the Mr. But in Austria, the mentality was the reverse; winning against the Americans was unthinkable. Discipline is what you use when you don't want to do something, when you have to force yourself.
The relationship between the two of you is very close—closer than most marriages, in fact—and he has to understand when you're trying to chicken out, as well as when you really have to put the weights down, when you absolutely can't go on. What it means is that somebody is helping, paying attention and really giving you his energy.
Injuries happen when your mind is beyond your body, largely when you think you're King Kong and lift weights heavier than the body can handle. Their trip is such a mental one that they are often attracted to men who are big and muscular. You're not supposed to talk while you're posing, for example, yet I used to do it all the time and it would blow the other guys' minds. Many in California are punks, beach bums just lying around in the sun and maybe collecting unemployment. If they're overweight, they're insecure, because they don't understand that I don't look at women the same way I look at myself. None of us had a thought of being gay, absolutely not, and it's the same with most bodybuilders.
Jon Voight, Warren Beatty, Sylvester Stallone—I've gotten to know these people and they're a lot of fun.
A truly “low carb” diet is, of necessity, low in all plant foods- including vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, beans, and lentils along with whole grains. You cannot possibly eat any variant on the theme of “good” low-fat, mostly plant-based eating and fix the fiber intake at that pitiful level. All the way out at the 12-month mark, when folks were falling off the wagon, the low-carb assignees were still taking in nearly 100 fewer calories per day. That dietary pattern can be low or high in fat, relatively lower or higher in carbohydrate. We sought to verify their findings by replicating their experimental design, with the use of modern technology. A possible mechanism for slower reaction time on incongruent trials may be explained by auditory research, which suggests that the conflict of irrelevant and relevant cues results in interference and affects performance to a significant degree on RT (Simon & Small, 1969).
Also, generalizing our findings to different populations would be misleading, as age may influence RT in response to a visual cue (Simon & Wolf, 1963).
For instance, our findings suggest that buttons that require operator interaction be placed on the corresponding side to that of presented cues that determine when button press is required. This is generally used for geotargeting purposes or showing certain ads based on specific sites visited. More detailed information about cookie management with specific web browsers can be found at the browsers' respective websites.
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I'd look out my parents' window and see people talking over a cup of coffee for two hours or more, and I knew it wasn't for me. When you lift weights, there's a certain point in the repetitions at which it really starts aching—where you can't go on any further, and the body starts shaking, and you know you have to press one more time. The best example I can think of was one day when Franco Columbu walked into the gym, went down into a squat with 500 pounds on his shoulders and couldn't come back up.
Maybe 50 percent respond positively right away, while another 25 or 30 percent need a while to adjust to my size and to realize that ordinarily my muscles are soft, just like anyone's, only bigger. If I tell myself to train the thighs, then the calves, it's boom, boom, mind-thighs, mind-calves, mind-this, mind-that.
What Moss and others are talking about is a totally mental thing: If you feel that something's going to affect your body, then it definitely will.


If we were going through the compulsory poses—a double-biceps pose, say—I'd just turn to the guy next to me and say, "What a shame, what a disadvantage for you," or I'd psych him in reverse by aying that the disadvantage was mine, that he was definitely going to be the one to win. I'd always wanted to tell people that when I work on my body I'm thinking about classical sculpture, so I jumped at the chance to show off body building as an art form. Stallone's into body building, and Jack Nicholson had a birthday party for me after we finished Stay Hungry. This is directly at odds with everything we know about diet and health across the lifespan. The only way to do that is to combine modestly low fat with preferentially crummy foods made mostly from refined starches and added sugars. The theme is pretty universal, but the variant on the theme that best suits you and your family is really up to you, and frankly- that’s the beauty of it. The truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth are for the most part- entirely expendable. The people affected by this phenomenon are the people (the vast majority) who get obese, who get pre-diabetes, who get heart disease, diabetes, gout etc etc etc.
In their study, location of the cue was irrelevant, while the cue itself provided relevant information to the response assessment. More fundamentally, the personal computers on which participants ran the experiment all differ from one another.
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They couldn't see any future in the sport; but there I was, lifting weights two or three hours every day. I had no idea, really, of what a stage even looked like, but I saw myself standing there, posing and winning.
I was living in Munich at the time, hanging out with night people—entertainers, hookers and bar owners—and I had a girlfriend who was a stripper. Sometimes your body really gets bombed out: You try to go through this pain thing, but your body won't push the weight, and your partner will help you with his fingers just enough so that you can handle it. I lived with a woman for five years, a very smart lady who teaches English at a college in California. Bodybuilders party a lot, and once, in Gold's—the gym in Venice, California, where all the top guys train—there was a black girl who came out naked. I've always found that sex gives me a kind of calm, and I'm much more in control because of it.
Ninety-five percent of the people training with weights are into this health thing, and it's a different mentality entirely.
After the show, a lot of people came backstage and said it was fantastic, that they'd never thought of body building as art before.
All my bodybuilder friends were there, really a mixed crowd—actors, bodybuilders, weight lifters, karate guys and writers—and it was great. I realize there's only one Arnold in the world, that there's never been an Arnold before, and the one thing that won't work on the screen is my being an ass-kicker.
The study did not provide this level of detail about the diets, but it’s clear that the low fat diet was (A) not low fat; and (B) rather crummy.
The researchers themselves called their interventions “low fat” and “low carbohydrate,” and must have known from the start they were cooking those definitions over very different fires.
These differences may include their performance which may affect the presentation of the stimuli and differing sizes of monitors which may impact the viewing of the stimuli. He'll stand behind you and lift with his fingers and make it possible—but just barely possible—for you to make the lift, and then on the next repetition, maybe he'll help a little bit more. I reminded Franco that four people from New York were watching the great Franco Columbu, the world's strongest bodybuilder, crashing down under a mere 500 pounds.
Olympia contest in 1972, we had girls backstage giving head, then all of us went out and I won. He was enormous, really fantastic, and the audience was screaming for both of us, so you knew it was going to be close. When the Russians were lifting weights in preparation for the Olympics—for the shot-put, the hammer throw and things like that—the Americans picked up on it immediately.
If Robert De Niro kills in Taxi Driver, it's perfect, because he's a little guy and people are 100 percent behind him. In their experiment, they reasoned that a slower reaction time which was observed for the incongruent trials was due to the presentation of irrelevant location information. At the same time, no researcher was present to clarify any questions participants may have had about the experiment, whereas all past studies have had the researchers present during testing. Universe had come from America and, as it later turned out, I was the first one to break that pattern. The guys who are working their way up often say they have to sleep ten hours a day and they try not to get laid more than three times a week, but, sooner or later, most of them find out that all this means shit. After about 15 minutes of posing, I told him I thought I'd had enough and that we ought to quit, just walk off.
I can look at a chick who's a little out of shape and if she turns me on, I won't hesitate to date her.
Gay people are fighting the same kind of stereotyping that bodybuilders are: People have certain misconceptions about them just as they do about us. For me, that isn't the right kind of role, because I'm big and therefore I have to play the opposite kind of guy.
Barry Groves and his wife Monica decided to start on a low-carb, high-fat diet beginning in 1962, all of his friends and family thought he was crazy.
Our study did replicate the portion of their experiment that examined this idea, and thus we can only speculate about the mechanism for this discrepancy. If you can't go through that pain period, that dead point, then competitively you won't make it. There are a lot of people here watching and they think that the muscle magazines are all bullshitting." He looked around and started breathing heavily, so I pushed it further. Whether you sleep two hours or ten, get laid a dozen times a week or not at all, eat three meals or five, at the end of the week you look absolutely the same; there's no difference. Do you know what speed it takes to do a snatch, to lift a 700- or 800-pound bar bell so fast that you can raise it over your head? Well, I have absolutely no hang-ups about the fag business; though it may bother some bodybuilders, it doesn't affect me at all. I bet him $20 in front of everybody that he couldn't do another repetition and then offered an additional $50 if he could go on and do eight reps. They think that the head is carried around by something very mysterious, and they're not aware that it's the body, something they should be in tune with. Alexiev can't run because he weighs 375 pounds, a weight he needs in order to handle the bar bell.
When training for the Olympics, he lifted weights for two hours daily, squatting with almost 500 pounds.
It allowed him to live a long and healthy robust life with over a half century of enjoyable low-carb, high-fat living as one of the UK’s strongest advocates for this healthy lifestyle change. He ripped the weight out and just started going up and down as if there were no end, as if he were going to do 50 repetitions.
It turns out one of the former interviews I featured just a few weeks back was with none other than Dr.
If you want to hear from one of the most passionate low-carb, high-fat advocates who ever lived, then take a listen to that LLVLC Classic interview where he shares his story about how he found this way of eating and how it motivated him to do research into why it works while living it for himself.I actually received a personal e-mail back from Dr. Groves on February 8, 2013 after I requested an interview with him for my cholesterol book.
Here was his response in typical Groves fashion:You gotta love the sensibility on issues like cholesterol that man possessed! I only hate I never got to do that interview with him which would have been awesome for my book. Groves, now aged 71, won his last title at the National Flight Archery Championships in North Yorkshire last weekend, and he has now decided to call it a day. Flight archery differs from the better-known target archery with competitors trying to fire their arrows the furthest possible distance. In 25 years of competition, he has been a world champion six times and broken five world records. That would be the best tribute.As he states on his facebook page, he was a fellow devout atheist.
He was on my list of people I would like to meet and discuss many topics over a glass or three of wine. Groves had actually written to me with regard to a question (last year) I had about substituting whey shakes (with coconut oil in them) for meal replacements. I was really not losing weight & becoming desperate and thought (hesitantly ) to resort to this. I am pasting his letter below, so that if any other ladies or gentlemen (especially ladies who are facing weight-loss resistance) are considering using meal replacements as a main meal, here is Dr.
We had a brief email excahnge between 2008 and 2009 and he was very gracious and generous with his time.



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