Energy metabolism can be considered as an equilibrium between energy (calorie) intake and energy output or expenditure. The third component is known as diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), reflecting the increase in resting metabolic rate (RMR) due to the thermic effect of food (Thermogenesis is thus natural burning of fat for energy).
Quantitatively, Resting Metabolic Rate accounts for 65-70% of total energy expenditure in most sedentary adults. RESTING METABOLIC RATE (RMR) accounts for the largest component (60-75%) of total daily energy expenditure. The quantity of fat mass and the aerobic fitness level of a person are also important factors in explaining additional variation in RMR independent of fat-free mass.
RESTING METABOLIC RATE (RMR), which is responsible for 60 to 80% of 24-h energy expenditure, decreases markedly with advancing age in sedentary (inactive) populations (and to a lesser degree in physically active persons). Fat-free (lean) mass (FFM) remains the primary deciding factor of the age-related decline in RMR, but RMR per unit FFM is reduced with age in physically active adult males.
Men generally display a higher absolute resting metabolic rate than women because of their larger quantity of fat-free mass.
Long-term effects of training (adopting an exercise schedule) may help increase the Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) partly due to increases in lean muscle mass.
Short-term weight loss by very low calorie diets (severe dieting) may induce a significant decrease of Fat free mass (FFM) with a concomitant decline in Resting Metabolic Rate, both of which are undesirable. As fat-free mass (FFM) is a key determinant of the magnitude of resting metabolic rate (RMR), hence a decrease in lean tissue could hinder efforts for weight loss. Diet associated with exercise results in significant and clinically meaningful initial weight loss.
Exercise provides a means of increasing energy expenditure and may help adjust energybalance for weight loss and maintenance. 30 to 45 minutes of physical activity of moderate intensity, performed 3 to 5 days a week, should be done. As long as the increase in energy expenditure is sufficient, low-intensity exercise is likely to generate beneficial metabolic effects that would be essentially similar to those produced by high-intensity exercise. Focus should be on decreasing fat mass (and increasing insulin sensitivity) rather than on weight loss alone. Since it generally takes years to become overweight or obese, a weight loss pattern of 0.5 or 1 pound per week will require time and perseverance to reach the target.
Macronutrient (Carbohydrate, fat and protein) balance can significantly influence energy (calorie) intake and expenditure. Increasing dietary calorie density by elevating fat content (consuming more of fatty, fried food) results in a spontaneous energy (calorie) intake. Excessive calorie intake from all sources and reduced physical activity, must be corrected to avoid obesity. Unlike carbohydrates and proteins, oxidation (burning) of fat does not adjust rapidly to sharp increases in dietary fat. Canola and olive oils are rich in monounsaturated fatty acids; Sunflower, soybean, sesame seed, and corn oils contain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Diets high in saturated fats and trans-fats increase LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, and in turn, the risk of heart disease.
Oxidation of free fatty acids in skeletal muscles may be impaired with a subsequent accumulation of triglycerides (fat) in skeletal muscles. Supplements like CLA (Conjugated linoleic acid) may improve fat (lipid) metabolism in muscles. Svetol is a natural plant extract of decaffeinated green coffee rich in active component chlorogenic acid.
400 mg daily supplementation of Svetol along with a low fat calorie restricted diet may result in approx.
By inhibiting specific enzymes, Svetol may shut down the glucose pathway, causing the body to burn fat and use it as a source of energy. An increase in the lean mass to fat mass ratio means that your body is burning fat, adding firmness to your body.
Inhibition of the activity of an enzyme* may limit the release of glucose by liver into the general (blood) circulation. This relative deprivation of glucose could possibly explain the reduction in BMI as well as fat content seen in animal and human studies.


Sourced from natural safflower oil, Tonalin CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) is nature based specialty ingredient which has been clinically proven to reduce body fat up to 10% while maintaining lean (fat free) body mass, and preventing fat regain.
Clinical research has indicated that it may support or maintain intestinal regularity and may relieve occasional constipation and improve stool consistency. Replacement of available carbohydrate or fat, with the right complex carbohydrates,may lower calories.
Second, fiber can induce a feeling of fullness and satiety because of increased chewing and bulk, slowed stomach emptying, and steady sugar entry into the bloodstream. Studies show that people who eat the right carbohydrates with dietary fiber weigh less than those who eat carbohydrates with less fiber. Fibersol-2 administration stimulated production of specific satiety such as PYY, decreased the hunger ghrelin and may enhance satiety after a meal.
Supplementing Fibersol-2 along with probiotics may cause beneficial changes in body weight, BMI and bad cholesterol. Many of us like starting our day with a cup of coffee and if you are one of those who do, you have already taken a step to boost your metabolic rate. Before you dig into your meal, get on the floor and do approximately 20 to 50 push-ups (depending on your weight and strength level). Fenugreek is also known as Methya (in Marathi), menthya (in Kannada), Vendayam (in Tamil), Menthulu (in Telugu), Uluva (in Malayalam) , Uluhaal ( in Sinhalese), Methi ( (In Oriya,Bangla, Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi). Almost all Indian stores would definitely carry the dried Fenugreek and the seed since they are essential Indian spices used commonly in the cuisine. Recent studies have shown that Fenugreek helps lower blood glucose and cholestrol levels, and may be an effective treatment for both type 1 and 2 diabetes. It is generally considered safe when used moderately although there have been reports which mention few very minor side effects.
Fenugreek is often available in capsules, seed, and powder form at many health food stores.
Fenugreek is an English name it is very commonly available in India and is a major ingredient in Indian food. RMR mainly depends upon the quantity of lean body mass, thyroid hormones, and protein consumption.
A possible contributing factor is a decreased energy output by decreasing physical exercise.
Thyroid hormones influence energy expenditure and thyroid hormone concentrations are closely related to RMR. Such a decline in energy expenditure may contribute to an impaired ability to regulate energy balance with age. Also, in contrast to sedentary women, significant age-related differences in RMR, (at a similar level of fat-free mass), are not observed between young and older women who regularly perform aerobic (endurance) exercise.
A lower RMR may be seen in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women when compared with men of similar ages.
Studies have confirmed the benefits of habitual physical activity in maintaining RMR and in lowering the body fat levels in middle-aged women. The macronutrient (protein, fat, carbohydrate) content of the calorie restricted diet may influence changes in body compositions following exercise regimens. Therefore, for long-term effectiveness of weight-management programs, the loss of fat mass while maintaining FFM and RMR seems desirable. The addition of exercise to diet intervention produces more weight loss than does dieting alone.
Vanaspati Ghee) may significantly worsen insulin-resistance, while monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids (liquid at room temperature) may improve it. It is obtained from unroasted coffee beans and possesses a unique composition whose effectiveness in the recommended daily intake has been clinically proven. The results of the clinical study also show that Svetol may significantly increase the lean (fat free) mass to fat mass ratio.
With age, your metabolism slows down and gets sluggish, so it’s very important to rev up your metabolism. Caffeine stimulates the nervous system which sends signals to fat cells asking them to break down. Including a lean protein source such as low-fat cheese, beans, chicken, fish etc is a great way to rev up your metabolism and keep you feeling energized and fueled all day long.


A recent study found that women who raise a glass regularly are seven to eight pounds lighter. Be it from aromatic powders, or simple day to day lentil dishes to the extent of adding a special touch to traditional rice recipes. The seedsĀ  have been found to contain protein, vitamin C, niacin, potassium, and diosgenin (which is a compound that has properties similar to estrogen).
The first component and largest among these is the resting metabolic rate (RMR); the second component is the work-induced increase above RMR WIT (work induced thermogenesis) or daily activity metabolism. Diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) accounts for another 10% of daily expenditure whereas work-induced increase above RMR work induced thermogenesis is the most variable, depending upon the type and duration of the exercise performed. A low RMR has been shown to be a significant predictor for subsequent weight gain, which underscores its important role in the regulation of body energy (and thus fat) reserves. This decline is related to age-associated reductions in exercise volume and energy (calorie) intake.
Thus men (and women) who are able to maintain high levels of exercise and energy intake with age might better maintain RMR (per unit of fat-free tissue), which in turn might play a role in their lesser increase in body weight and fatness with age. Thus, women have a lower metabolic rate than men, which does not appear to be explained by differences in body composition, fitness level, menopausal status, or age. Protein emerges as an important factor for the maintenance of or increase in FFM (fat free or lean body mass) induced by exercise training. Exercise has a favorable effect on body fat distribution, with a reduction in waist-to-hip ratio with increased exercise.
30 min of walking on most days of the week may be beneficial (in combination with diet) in promoting numerous additional healthful outcomes over diet alone. Food & Drug Administration has recognized Tonalin as FDA GRAS,* which means it has passed their highest safety standards for a food ingredient.
However, indulging in any physical activity could lead to increase in metabolism which burns calories. One should start exercising, increase highly nutritive food intake and increase the intake of sunlight, rest and luxuries like a massage, aromatherapy or sitting in a hot tub. Thereby the act of chewing foods like fruits, vegetables and whole grains can increase your calorie burn by up to 30% while you’re digesting them.
However, if green tea doesn’t suit you, you could sip on water at regular intervals during the day to avoid dehydration, which can slow down your metabolism. De-stress by listening to your favourite tunes while walking briskly or indulging in other fun activities. Contents on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Magna Publishing Co.Ltd.
If both are not available the one closest would be celery leaves since it also has a slight bitter taste similar to Fenugreek. Studies have shown that fat-free mass accounts for the greatest source of variation in RMR in humans. Obese people generally have higher total absolute energy expenditure than lean control subjects, mostly due to their increased fat-free mass (FFM). It is frequently used in curry and is a very famous Indian leafy vegetable which resembles clover leaves. The frozen can be a boon in the sense it cuts out the preparation time (which can be quite time consuming depending in the amount you plan to use). Fill a coffee mug ( For experimental purpose ) with sand and put some Fenugreek seeds ( 10 - 15 ) and water it moderately, it grows in 5 -6 days so as it can be consumed. Studies have shown that overweight men and women who are active and fit have lower rates of sickness and death than overweight persons who are sedentary and unfit. It has a very light bitter taste (which might require getting used to) and has a spicy taste to it. Therefore, exercise is of benefit to overweight persons, even if it does not make them lean.



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