I remember my father telling me, “I remember when I was your age, I could eat everything I wanted and not gain a pound. Metabolism is the complex network of chemical reactions that cells use to generate energy and all the chemicals they need to survive. The varieties of carbohydrates that are ingested are converted in to mono saccharides with the help of enzymes.
Metabolism is basically an assembly or group of biochemical processes, which occurs in the cells of your body.
In essence, your metabolism started way back when you were conceived (when you started life) and it stops when you die. When food reaches your digestive system, complex protein molecules called digestive enzymes break carbohydrates into sugars (example, glucose), fats into fatty acids and proteins into amino acids. Inside your cells, more enzymes meet up with these compounds and undergo various chemical reactions.
There are two simultaneous activities going on in opposite directions with the process of metabolism.
Just like Santa Claus and his little helpers (the elves), your metabolism also gets support and direction from little helpers called hormones. While you can’t completely change your metabolism, there are some things you can do to influence it including dietary changes, correcting nutritional deficiencies, exercise (especially resistance training and high intensity interval training) and ensuring that your hormonal system is functioning optimally. We are a team of people - passionate about health & researching the latest information for you! Now, I just look at a cupcake and my butt grows 2 inches!” This was certainly due to inactivity on my fathers part as well as an unhealthy lifestyle.
A person with a slow metabolism stores fat more easily and is reluctant to use fat for energy while the opposite is true for a fast metabolism. Please download the latest version of the Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, or Windows Internet Explorer browser. Hours after you’ve finished off that steak at your favorite restaurant, your digestion begins. It transforms the molecules in the food you eat into usable energy which enables you to do everything.
One intends to build and store energy, while the other one intends to release energy for fuel. Your body’s ability to metabolize molecules can be affected by some chronic diseases like diabetes, and heart problems.
If your thyroid is underactive, your BMR is slower because the thyroid gland releases hormones which help to regulate your metabolism.
But at one point he was a very in shape adult but time, a family, and work on a career got the best of him. Where the carbohydrate metabolism begins.The sugar content in blood is controlled by three hormones.
The small compounds are assembled into larger and more complex molecules (fat, protein and carbohydrate).
Inside the cells (the muscle cells in this case), energy is provided from the breakdown of large molecules (carbohydrates, fats and lastly, proteins).
Most of them are involved in the speeding up (rate) and directing (break down or assemble) of your metabolism. If you have a high BMR you burn more calories, while if you have a low BMR you burn less calories.


Understanding and mastering your metabolism will help you to feel good and maintain good health. Now he must work over time, to turn back the clock and seize a more healthy and efficient body. The idea behind this is by eating every 3-4 hours your metabolism is always firing to utilize the new energy you are taking in, making your body more efficient. If the sugar content is high in blood insulin is secreted by pancreas which stimulates the glucose being transferred in to the liver and muscular cells preferentially.In the liver the glucose gets converted to glycogen. This schematic shows our current understanding of how glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation, the pentose phosphate pathway, and glutamine metabolism are interconnected in proliferating cells.
A complex process called metabolism is responsible for obtaining energy from the food you eat.
Your metabolism is also powering the processes that happen when you are are resting or sleeping. After eating it, your body’s next task is to break down the components, such as all that sugar in your chocolate bar.
The fatty acids, amino acids and sugars are absorbed into your bloodstream and transported to your cells.
This is done to provide building blocks for growth of new cells, to maintain existing cells and to save up energy for future use.
Examples of these hormones include thyroxine and insulin secreted by the thyroid gland and pancreas respectively. There are many variables which can influence metabolism including height, weight, gender, age and lean muscle mass.
In other words “He needs to get his butt in gear to speed up his metabolism!”Your metabolism is in your hands and im gonna show you the tools to correct or improve your metabolism today!! Also, since your body constantly has nutrients it has less do a desire or need to store fat. The sugar found in bread, rice, pasta etc are longer combinations of sugars called poly saccharides and they also need to be broken in to smaller and further breakable mono saccharides. This metabolic wiring allows for both NADPH production and acetyl-CoA flux to the cytosol for lipid synthesis. To maintain healthy and functioning cells, several simultaneous metabolic reactions take place.
Recent studies have identified certain factors, which affect the production and release of these hormones.
When the entire carbohydrate that is available in the body is properly utilized with the help of the required enzymes and other hormones the carbohydrate mechanism is said to be perfect and complete. Key steps in these metabolic pathways can be influenced by signaling pathways known to be important for cell proliferation.
Results obtained from these studies will certainly have an impact on how we view and understand metabolism. These two help in stimulating the conversion of glycogen to glucose when the sugar level in blood is low. If due to the non availability of a certain enzyme a carbohydrate does not get utilized and gets accumulated in the body, it is called carbohydrate metabolism disorder and is the cause of diseases.Some of the disorders are1. Activation of growth factor receptors leads to both tyrosine kinase signaling and PI3K activation.
Glycogen storage disorderGlycogen is a molecule formed by the interlinking of glucose molecules and is stored in liver and muscles.


Via AKT, PI3K activation stimulates glucose uptake and flux through the early part of glycolysis. When you do resistance training your body can burn multiple forms of energy, from APT creating to glycogen and fats.
The glucose entering in to the cell if needed to be converted in to energy immediately a process called glycolysis takes place resulting in the formation of pyruvic acid and adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Tyrosine kinase signaling negatively regulates flux through the late steps of glycolysis, making glycolytic intermediates available for macromolecular synthesis as well as supporting NADPH production.
The pyruvic acid if more ATP is needed gets converted to acetyl CoA first and then to citric acid which will get oxidized and gives ATP. The absence of enzymes required to make glycogen and break glycogen in to glucose causes this disorder.
One of the most important elements of resistance training to note, is that your body will be burning calories at an accelerated rate even after you are done working out. When the energy is not required immediately the pyruvic acid is converted back to glucose by a process called gluconeogenesis.
That means you can be sitting on the couch or sleeping and your body is burning calories to repair.3. In animals this mechanism is not there and they depend on those carbohydrates from plants to get energy. This glucose in turn gets converted to glycogen and is stored in the liver and muscle cells. The lack of enzyme that can metabolize the galactose in to glycogen results in this disease. Key metabolic pathways are labeled in purple with white boxes, and the enzymes controlling critical steps in these pathways are shown in blue. In the infants who show this disease, the abnormal growth is the symptom apart from the above.Apart from these the hereditary fructose metabolism defect, pyruvic acid metabolism defect, and lack of polysaccharide breaking enzyme are the carbohydrate metabolism disorders.
By eating whole foods you will not get full off of empty calories but instead nutrient packed and delicious foods provided by nature. Malic enzyme refers to NADP+-specific malate dehydrogenase [systematic name (S)-malate:NADP+ oxidoreductase (oxaloacetate-decarboxylating)]. It takes a practical and sustainable approach and belief that eating healthy and being healthy is a priority for you and your family.4. Incorporating these types of training causes your body to burn calories even after you are done working out, promotes muscle growth and increase respiratory efficiency.
For more information on HIIT check out my post on HIIT to see how you can get started tomorrow.If you make a goal to practice all of these actions through out the week and you are consistent they will become habit.
We need to approach this as a lifestyle and something you will enjoy doing for the long haul. Only then will these actions cease to be an arduous task and become as effortless as breathing..



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