Background: The abdominal pannus is a well known medical condition of a large overhanging apron of skin and fat that extends well beyond the waistline. There are five degrees of an abdominal pannus from a grade 1 that rests on the mons pubis to a grade 5 that hangs down to the knees. An abdominal panniculectomy procedure should not be confused with a more traditional tummy tuck.
1) Large abdominal panniculectomies can be safely done in an outpatient surgery center if the patient is otherwise healthy.
2) Enough abdominal pannus is removed to relief the obstruction on the pubic area and eliminate any overhang on the groin creases.
3) The most likely complication from any abdominal panniculectomy is a seroma or fluid collection. The abdominal pannus is a stomach deformity where any amount of tissue hangs over the waistline. But despite the popularity and widespread availability of bariatric surgery, not every obese patient undergoes it or is eligible to do so.
In the October 2014 issue of the Annals of Plastic Surgery, an article was published entitled “Supersize” Abdominal Panniculectomy: Indications, Technique, and Results’. The relevance of this paper is that it demonstrates that larger abdominal panniculectomies can be done and offer a dramatic improvement in mobility and function of the patient. Not infrequently, there may be a need for a panniculectomy to be done with other abdominal and pelvic procedures such as hernia repair, hysterectomy, and even gastric bypass surgery. Interestingly, an abdominal panniculectomy is not considered medically necessary when the main reason it is being performed is to relieve back, hip and knee pain.
One procedure that is never needed and certainly not medically covered as part of a panniculectomy is liposuction. The abdominal panniculectomy is a variation to the traditional tummy tuck or abdominoplasty.  The pannus  or abdominal apron is that overhang of skin and fat that extends below one’s waistline. The abdominal panniculectomy, historically, refers to the pre-bariatric surgery era when extremely overweight patients had large skin and fat overhangs. The abdominal panniculectomy is different than a true tummy tuck in that the skin edges are not as undermined, no muscles are tightened, and no areas are treated by liposuction.  It is simply an amputation of whatever overhangs the waistline. Because of the relief of medical symptoms, the abdominal panniculectomy may be covered by insurance. Since the advent of bariatric surgery and the rise in the number of such procedures every year, a traditional body contouring plastic surgery procedure is undergoing a change. Panniculectomy surgery is a reconstructive procedure performed to remove a panniculus, sometimes referred to as a pannus or overhanging abdominal apron. In the recent past, prior to weight loss from bariatric surgery, an abdominal pannus was quite large (as was the patient) and quite hefty in weight. While removal of a massive abdominal pannus solved a few health problems for the very obese patient, it did little for their general well-being or improve longevity.
These sizes of abdominal pannuses are much more manageable, have fewer complications after their removal, and the patients are overall much healthier. A panniculectomy is a very close cousin to a tummy tuck or abdominoplasty.  The term pannus refers to a large apron of skin and fat that hangs over the waistline.
In the historic obese patient, there was a significant improvement in the patient’s quality of life as the skin and infectious symptoms that it caused were eliminated as well as the weight removal improved back and knee pain.
The cost of any type of elective plastic surgery plays a major role in the decision to undergo the procedure(s). Disclaimer: The information contained on this website should not be construed as medical advice. Whether it is fat removal or fat reduction, weight reduction or fat busting, body sculpting, body contouring, body beautiful…we have something for everyone. Do you want to lose weight  generally or do you simply have some fat in a stubborn area you would like to budge? Whether you want to lose weight by good old fashioned exercise and a dieting, medications  (appetite suppressants and fat absorption blockers) prescribed by a doctor, or utilize a personal training and a gym program (yes, we have a commercial grade gym at Aquarius Health and Medispa). Or if you are feeling a little more adventurous, you can consider employing the techniques of modern cosmetic medicine such as fat freezing or cryolipolysis , radiofrequency body contouring and reshaping such as Tite Fx™  consider fat dissolving injections such as mesotherapy or lipodissolve  or go straight for the gold standard in surgical techniques such as liposuction, then Cosmetic Image Clinics within Aquarius Health and Medispa has it all. Some people even choose the smoke and mirrors option of using muscle relaxants in the chewing or masseter muscle in the face which gives a narrowing of the lower diameter of the face making one often appear as if they have lost weight, commonly called ‘facial slimming’. Nutritional and dietetic advice is often the first port of call to reduce weight however some areas of fatty tissue are simply stubborn and won’t budge no matter what you do. Even in slim people with an optimal Body Mass Index (20-25), there are persistent areas of fatty deposits that can concern them cosmetically, whether it be for instance on your stomach, love handles, back fat, outer or inner thighs. At Cosmetic Image Clinics we can work on a package that will comprehensively address your needs.
Non surgical liposuction packages often include the use of fat freezing, radio-frequency Body Shaping and Contouring or Tite Fx™ and can involve  fat dissolving injections such as mesotherapy or lipodissolve.
We can tailor a complete weight reduction program to assist you in meeting your goals in our ‘Inner City Oasis’ –  where Cosmetic Clinic meets Spa to provide whole body wellness, inner and outer, within one destination. To find out more about any of our procedures please contact us today to arrange a consultation with one of our friendly team.
Mini Cool Sculpting Machine Body Slimming Weight Loss Fat RemovalAbout Mini Cryolipo:Cryolipolysis is a non-invasive fat removal procedure.
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Technically the proper term is a panniculus but it is far more commonly referred to as a pannus. While no abdominal pannus is pleasant for the patient the grade 5 pannus is the most disabling. The scope of the problem being treated would indicate such but how the operation is performed and under what circumstance is also vastly different.


The term, pannus, is derived from a latin word for apron so it is fitting that any overhang is referred to as such.
This still leaves certain patients who are overweight that suffer from a large pannus with all of its associated symptoms.
In this paper, the authors reviewed a series of 26 patients over a six year period that had abdominal panniculectomies performed that weighed over 10 kgs.
However, it creates a large abdominal incision and has a lot of ‘dead space’ inside to heal.
In the long run it will be very much worth it but expect a healing period of two to three months for a full recovery. This recontouring of the abdominal wall area is exclusively done for cosmetic purposes to create a more flat and firm abdomen. While the pannus produces a stretching of the tissues from the anterior abdominal wall, such effects are not treated by any form of muscle plication as in a tummy tuck. While it may seem obvious that getting rid of an obstructive pannus could only benefit the results of these surgeries, the insurance companies rarely see it this way.
Even though the sheer weight of grade 4 and 5 pannuses clearly strain these areas, this consideration alone is insufficient for medical coverage.
In fact, thinning out of an abdominal skin flap with liposuction can impact its blood supply and create wound healing problems. Abdominal pannuses can exist in overweight as well as extreme weight loss patients after bariatric surgery. Heavy pannuses were surgically removed to relieve the medical symptoms that they caused such as skin irritations and rashes from the moisture and heat that builds up underneath it. In the obese patient, this pannus may have considerable weight anywhere from 30 lbs or higher.
Since the panniculectomy procedure in the bariatric surgery patient today weighs considerably less and often only involves improvement of an undesired contour, it is often called cosmetic by one’s health insurance. Because of the amount of excess tissue present, removal may need to extend way into the back and include a vertical cutout as well as that in the horizontal dimension. That procedure is the abdominal panniculectomy…or the cutting off of one’s overhanging pannus.
The pannus frequently contributes to a number of health problems, including chronic wounds and skin infections due to the moisture underneath the skin folds. Many of these pannuses would hang at least down to the middle of the thighs and often to the knees. Along came bariatric surgery and we have seen a fortunate change in the large abdominal pannus patient.
The typical pannus that is removed today, often part of a circumferential lower body lift, weighs 10 lbs. At that time, many abdominal panniculectomy procedures were done to relieve the medical symptoms that the pannus caused. This is different than a true tummy tuck in that the skin edges are not as undermined, no muscles are tightened, and no areas are treated by liposuction.  It is simply an amputation of whatever overhangs the waistline. Because of the relief of medical symptoms, the abdominal panniculectomy  was often covered by insurance.
Barry Eppley is an extensively trained plastic and cosmetic surgeon with more than 20 years of surgical experience.
You can also see our cosmetic surgeon for a complimentary consultation on a liposuction procedure if you so desire or even our plastic surgeon for a tummy tuck or abdominoplasty. Packaging should be the same as what is found in a retail store, unless the item is handmade or was packaged by the manufacturer in non-retail packaging, such as an unprinted box or plastic bag.
You have read and agree to the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount. It not only obstructs the urinary stream and causes associated hygiene issues but its sheer weight makes mobility difficult. Because of chronic skin infections and urinary obstruction he had been to the hospital numerous times. There are many large blood vessels that supply the abdominal pannus and intra- as well as postoperative bleeding is always a risk. In days before bariatric surgery, abdominal panniculectomy surgery was very common and it was almost always associated with morbid obesity. There has been some understandable reluctance to operate on such overweight patients due to the increased risk of complications that is known to occur . As a result, wound complications are common (and to be largely expected) and  revisits to the operating room for their management are not rare.
The abdominal pannus occurs exclusively in morbidly obese individuals or following substantial weight loss, most commonly bariatric surgery. Citing that there is ‘insufficient scientific literature’ to support any benefit, these combined procedures are usually denied. I have performed over the years numerous panniculectomies that were requested by an orthopedic surgeon to first be done before they would consider knee replacement surgery. The wound edges in closing a panniculectomy are already compromised from chronic swelling and lymphedema in many cases. With an obese patient, panniculectomies were associated with high wound complication rates due to the size and depth of the cut outs.
To be considered medically eligible for insurance coverage, there has to be very specific criteria that are met and a documented trail of medical records that substantiate symptoms related to the pannus. This does leave long scars but patients with these skin excess problems always feel that it is a good trade-off. I have seen a few that hung well below the knee and one that hung down and rested on the floor. As bariatric surgery has helped patients lose a lot of weight, so has the size of abdominal pannuses decreased. Specifically, skin irritations and rashes (known as panniculitis) resulted from the always present moisture and heat in the underlying skin fold. Since the panniculectomy procedure in the bariatric surgery patient  today weighs considerably less and often only involves improvement of an undesired contour, it is often called cosmetic by one’s health insurance. He is both a licensed physician and dentist as well as double board-certified in both Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Our in house doctor can even refer you for a gastric sleeve or stomach lap band if that is the best option for you.


If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable. It causes tremendous strain on the back and knees and leads to early deterioration of both.
But despite his obvious need for a surgical solution, he stated that no one would take on his case because it was too dangerous or difficult.
The operation needs to be performed as expeditiously as possible to get the patient off the operating room table as soon as possible.
Because of bariatric surgery, the most common abdominal panniculectomy today is much smaller and is done after large amounts of weight loss. The indications for surgery were typical including a large amount of overhanging abdominal skin and fat (hangs down to mid-thigh level) that was associated with underlying chronic skin infections, history of panniculitis, and the presence of a hernia. This type of abdominal surgery should be confused in this regard with the more common tummy tuck. Debate frequently ensues from the insurance company in the medical merits of removing Grade 1 and 2 types. How they can not easily see that such benefits  as improved surgical access and less risks for wound healing problems after surgery is a mystery to me. Apparently, the musculoskeletal problems that it causes by orthopedic specialists is not sufficient evidence for medical coverage. Such surgical removals of abdominal  overhangs today await weight loss through bariatric surgery first, leaving a smaller pannus on a thinner person. Most importantly, photographs must demonstrate that the pannus hangs onto or below the groin creases. The biggest complications from these procedures is a seroma or build-up of fluids which is why drains are needed for several weeks after surgery. My personal ‘record’ for an abdominal panniculectomy was a patient who weighted 715 pounds and a pannus that weighed 96 lbs. Most abdominal pannuses that I see today are in the bariatric surgery patient or someone that has lost over 100m lbs. In some cases, the size of the pannus and its amount of overhang actually cut off some of the blood supply and lymphatic outflow resulting in swelling and infection. This training allows him to perform the most complex surgical procedures from cosmetic changes to the face and body to craniofacial surgery.
When performing the operation as just an overnight stay, the patient must have few other medical problems and be motivated to get up and moving as soon as possible after surgery. These pannuses are largely skin and the overall health of the patient is generally good since they are more weight appropriate for their height. Of the 26 patients, the mean pannus weight removed was over 15 kgs with a followup period of over a year.
A CT scan done before surgery can help discover a hernia which can be very difficult if not impossible to pick up on a physical examination of a large pannus.
Such concomitant coverage can be obtained if the documentation of skin problems is first obtained however. Removing these large pannuses required some clever intraoperative methods to hoost them up (known as the ‘china wall’) just to get underneath it to do the cutting. Surgically removing the pannus was common then but the complication rate was high due to the patient’s obesity. To achieve fat cell and also cellulite reduction, our patients are administered a combination of naturally occurring compounds ( Vitamin C and amine acids) to reduce the subcutaneous fat.
Without adequate written evidence of symptoms, these lower grade abdominal panniculectomies will be viewed as a cosmetic procedure.There is little question that a massive overhanging apron of fat and skin creates chronic and unremitting skin problems underneath it. Because of the magnitude of the abdominal wall resection, wound complications after large abdominal panniculectomies were the norm with fluid build-ups and problems with healing of the incision. Today, surgical removal of any abdominal overhang would await weight loss through bariatic surgery. Eppley has made extensive contributions to plastic surgery starting with the development of several advanced surgical techniques. The treatment is a specific formula, which means it's an injection based, fat removal procedurePatients find this Non surgical Fat Removal Treatment, to be an excellent alternative to improve the contours of their body. For the out of town patient this means that they will have to get some medical care at home to get it removed. In addition to the need for enhanced personal hygiene (which is very difficult), treatment of these skin conditions may require antifungal creams and powders and occasionally antibiotics. He is a revered author, lecturer and educator in the field of plastic and cosmetic surgery. Aesthetic Institute of Atlantis and Dr Rudy Trejo, are happy to offer this amazing procedure to men and woman in Atlantis and the sorrounding communities of Lakeworth, Boynton Beach, West Palm Beach, Wellington and Delray Beach.Q. The rate of major complications, defined as those complications requiring a return to the operating room, was just over 10%.
It is important to know that this treatment it's not a weight loss procedure itself, but and inch-loss program. When you go undergo Non Surgical fat Removal treatment with us, multiple Lipotropic injections are delivered in the treated area using a small-gauge needle. The injected lipotropic solution disrupts the fat cell membrane releasing its enzymes and fatty content, A body response ensues, allowing the debris to be cleaned up from the area. Lastly new collagen is deposited in the area, causing skin retraction with denser, firming skin character.Q. The frequency of your treatment will depend on the body area and how much fat needs to be dissolved. Typically patients will return each one or two weeks for four to eight injection treatments.Q. While some improvements and less inches are visible in most cases even after the second or third treatment, dramatic results are apparent after 4 to 8 treatments.Q.
A typical Non Surgical Fat Removal Treatment can decrease body measurements by 3 up to 6 inches (though results may vary from person to person)FOR A SLIMMER SHAPELY BODY YOU HAVE ALWAYS DREAM OF!* Reduces cellulite and localized fat deposits* Shows dramatic results after a short period of time* Highly effective* Safe and reliable* Immediate return to full activityThe medical team at Aesthetic Institute of Atlantis is ready to answer any questions you may have about the procedure, including costs and financing options. We are thrilled to offer this exclusive treatment for improving shape and reducing targeted fat.
If you live in the South Florida Region and would like more information, please contact Aesthetic Institute of Atlantis at 561-969-1777 or 561-935-8000.



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