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Based on stylistic comparisons such as striations inside body contours and the presentation of horns in twisted perspective, several Paleolithic art experts, including the first curator of the Chauvet Cave, Jean Clottes, have accredited the Portuguese friezes to the early Solutrean of about 20,000 years ago3. In Portugal, the government did the opposite a€“ plunging ahead with a project destined to destroy the nationa€™s oldest cultural heritage by completing a 300-million-dollar dam whose reservoir will flood a valley packed with dozens of art sites spread over at least 17 kilometers. Yet construction continues - even on holidays - and the water is about to rise another hundred meters. A male ibex with his head shown in two positions, as if he were turning to watch the female behind him. As we drove up to a sentry box perched on the lip of a road into the vast, unnatural gashing of mountains at Foz CA?a, it was hard to tell if the young guard blocking us in a crisp red and gray uniform represented a well-heeled security service or an elite military unit - but it was plain that bluff and sweet talk wouldn't get us far.
The next time the car eased over the knuckles of a road crisscrossed by up-ended strata, past empty huts built just of stacked slabs, and jostled between overhanging and plunging cliffs until an avalanche of tailings from an old quarry almost blocked the path. Here was one of the places of grandeur where our ancestors had first grasped visions and then concretized them by hewing - and sometimes painting - images into rock panels.
As I pushed forward and the river grew shallower, turtles became so numerous that their stacks toppled like circus acts from the brinks of submerged cliffs. As a draftsman, I could feel empathy for the beast flowing into the hands that had etched her. This first frieze stood at a fitting point, practically where the reservoir yielded to the original rapids and long pools of the virgin river. Far away across the moonscape of rutted ramps, knots of men stood before tunnels as fleets of dump trucks, made so tiny by distance that they only gave away their magnitude by over-sized wheels, eased to the brink of platforms, and added avalanches to tailings. Above us, the titanium-white cleanliness of the cement plant's towers stood in bold contrast to the devastation, like a phalanx of gigantic chess-rooks bunched for the kill. According to press articles, the dam-builders had recognized him as the true discoverer of Portugal's first reported Paleolithic engravings, at nearby Mazouco, even though the doctoral student's mentor, Professor Vitor Oliviera Jorge, had stolen his thunder.7 They had given Rebanda a job as their obligatory salvage archaeologist when the new doctor somehow couldn't get a position on a faculty. In return, all he'd had to do was wait till their concrete curtain had gone up and its reservoir had risen into a sea so voluminous and costly that its drainage would have been unthinkable.
My goateed interlocutor smirked as he told me I could try looking for the doctor at the complex built for the previous dam, 15A kilometers downstream. But I'd hit pay dirt: the fact that I might hear Rebanda's mea culpa was more than Ia€™d hoped for.
Sebastian elected to wait outside and embarked on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth as I knocked at the locked door.
Still, I complimented her on her English, sympathized with them for having to put up with this hierarchical bother, and kept spinning innocuous questions, while she kept waiting for me to go. When Rebanda's secretary came out again, to see if she could get either me a€“ or her boss - to give up as the wait grew embarrassingly long, I asked her what the round silos with tipped roofs on the hills had been used for. But the next time, after they had gotten used to my rounds, I stepped inside and admired a sequence of two eight-foot-tall maps full of pins. Something was wrong: in addition to the constellations of pins extending for 17 kilometers upstream from the construction site, there were dozens downstream, along the reservoir behind the dam just outside!
Finally, so many hours had passed, and she'd informed the doctor so many times that I was still hanging around, that I was forced by the sheer need for new scenery to vary my route, and drifted through empty rooms. The only thing the reports agreed on was that Rebanda had somehow discovered the flooded portion of Canada do Inferno by the previous autumn22 a€“ asking the EDP to lower the Pocinho reservoir by just 3 meters in November 1994 so he could study the engravings.23 a€?They told me it was too expensive,a€? Rebanda had told the New York Times.
So who had shot these photographs, which looked like they had been taken when the sites were dry vegetated hillsides instead of among the muck and bare banks below a fallen waterline? I realized that the photos of the dry sites might have been taken before the Pocinho Dam, which had flooded them, had even been completed a€“ over 12 years before! UNESCO had suggested Clottes, who, in an uncanny convergence of good and bad karma, was taken on a whirlwind tour of the tip of the iceberg at Canada do Inferno, then immediately whisked to a press conference in Vila Nova do Foz CA?a on Dec 16th, 199428 a€“ just two days before the discovery of the Chauvet Cave that catapulted him, as its first interpreter and protector, from the summit of the French archaeological establishment to world fame. But Clottesa€™ judgement was mixed, confirming that the art could be dated on stylistic grounds to the early Solutrean or even late Gravettian of twenty to twenty-four thousand years ago while suggesting that flooding the valley might be the best way of protecting it, since Portugal was ill-equipped to protect such widely dispersed panels from vandals!29 a€?There is no easy solution,a€? he told a reporter. What the press forgot to emphasize with quite as much fervor was the fact that Clottes had prefaced his Solomonic verdict by saying, a€?Whatever happens, the engravings must be preserved and not be damaged.a€? Clottes might have felt that he could safely pass the buck because no art conservationist could honestly guarantee the engravingsa€™ fate once they were subjected to currents carrying abrasives, burial under the petrifying alluvia that accumulates behind dams,33 and the worlda€™s most destructive solvent a€“ water, which would dissolve pigments and destabilize rock that had proven its resistance to aerial conditions over tens of millennia. While chatting up the gaunt fellow traveller at the construction site, Ia€™d pretended to make small talk by asking engineering questions, including one about the depth of the sediment that had accumulated behind the Pocinho dam. The irony of it was that Clottesa€™ efforts to be honest without irritating his hosts had been the spark that the French diplomats had dreaded.
Despite the fact that the great prehistoriana€™s reputation would remain largely intact, and with good reason, in much of the rest of the world,34 the Portuguese intelligentsia began to shun him. A€ propos of CA?a, two Portuguese rock art researchers, who couldna€™t stomach Clottes after his press conference, ironically echoed him by telling me, confidentially, that flooding the engravings could still be a blessing since it would save them from graffiti and those boogeymen of archaeologistsa€™ dreams, prowling collectors. My guess is that he was so beleaguered by advisers that he was just trying to get out of an awkward situation as quickly, judiciously and diplomatically as possible.
I mentioned to Rebanda that I had just attended the lecture on Chauvet, that I even had a videotape of it right there in my camera.
So it's true, I thought, drowning the site was Rebanda's solution to the problem of ownership of photographic rights.
But then, what about Rebanda's self-serving talk of photo credits, not to mention the engravings already submerged by the dam at the doorstep a€“ and his belief that the engravings were doomed to be flooded? Strangely enough, I could again see it being both ways, since the roots of tragedy are self-deception and entwined motives. He must have realized that I was rooting for him to pull himself out of his tailspin, because suddenly he decided. Upon leaving, Sebastian asked to check out the Pocinho dam, so I drove round an interchange into an empty parking lot with planters. As the sun slanted over the plateau into the wilderness of the CA?a valley, I decided to sneak into a side-valley to the north of our campsite that Rebanda's map had cluttered with pins.
Then, after breaching a wall of rushes, we broke to the reservoir's edge - and were met by a horned skull stuck on a stake. Suddenly, I remembered what Rebanda had said about the engravings' association with witchcraft. Being obstinate (or perhaps because of the prehistoric setting), I started whittling stone, knapping a microlithic surgeon's kit, and then bent single-mindedly to my task - failing till I was disgusted with myself and worried for my victim (which I had bizarrely associated with Rebanda).
This time there were two guards behind an overhanging military fence crested by barbed wire.
The guard who beckoned us in was rearing a guard-dog puppy, which scampered around, tumbling over ledges and using its chin to lever itself over steps. Our guide was a decent young man who couldn't help feeling uneasy blocking access to these bold masterpieces at the source of all our arts.
Still, these guards were actually tame as the locals poured down to catch a glimpse of the animals through the fence. After he'd hastened to take up his time-clock again, I wandered if there might not be even more testimonials of man's attraction to this classical Eden with its islets and fords in the flowery river, and browsed through a plowed orchard, along a contour which I judged would have been the valley floor half a million years ago. We knew the next dawn would be our last, so we broke camp in blue light to explore the teeming side-valley beyond the first auroch. Not Portugal's - OURS - because this art is so old, despite its elegance, that we share the blood and genius of those distant ancestors who awoke to the universe, whether our cavalcade of ancestors migrated around the Old World or came across the Bering Straits 14,000 years ago. Footnotes have been added to the internet version of the article to provide historical perspective and more detail about sources than the versions that were published & distributed in 1995.
1 The three discoverers of the Chauvet Cave were Eliette Brunel Deschamps, Christian Hillaire, and Jean-Marie Chauvet. 2 The IPPAR announced the existence of the valleya€™s engravings on November 19, 1994 but a video was made of them in 1993. 10 Bahn 1995 for a re-capitulation of the same accusations against the IPPAR & Rebanda. 33 Bednarik & Jaffe have been the most outspoken spokesmen about delusions concerning the protective qualities of reservoirs a€“ which not only inundate art panels with water but deep alluvial deposits that make their later recovery dangerous and impractical.
34 Interestingly, a few years after this appeal was written, Clottes came under fierce attack and even ridicule by many representatives of the French intelligentsia, including some of the countrya€™s most prominent prehistorians, after he and David Lewis-Williams published a€?The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and magic in the painted cavesa€? in 1996. As soon as their results indicating that the art might be only 3,000 to 6,500 years old (if not even younger) were announced a€“ which actually made the engravings even more astonishing, potentially rewriting the history of rock art or even making Portugal the last bastion of the Paleolithic tradition a€“ the most important Portuguese right-wing weekly screamed that the direct-dating results proved that stylistic daters like Clottes had perpetrated a a€?FRAUDa€? (O Independente, 7 July 1995). It should also be noted that the individuals who participated in the debate were often somewhat unwittingly drawn into playing secondary or tertiary roles in a struggle between the Portuguese Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Industry. 40 In November 1995 - six months after this call-toa€“arms was published and circulated to Prehistoric Art Emergencya€™s volunteers (who Ia€™m glad to report included a young actor, Yann Montelle, who went on to earn a doctorate in prehistory) - a book edited by Jorge called a€?Dossier CA?aa€? appeared with 20 contributions by him or his wife. 44 After writing this article in May 1995, it occurred to me that I might have missed one of the main reasons for eliminating Rebanda from Portugala€™s archaeological milieu a€“ the fact that he was so effective at finding rock art that drew international attention, first to Mazouco, then to CA?a.
49 When I wrote the article, I assumed that the two young men were Rebandaa€™s subordinates and referred to them as a€?draftsmena€?. 50 After initially denigrating both the art and the idea of extracting it, the EDP later adopted the idea as one of its three strategies for overcoming opposition to the dam project. Over the years, Gottman  has paid attention to signs that lead him to believe that a couple will divorce. One signal of a rocky conversation that can lead down the path to divorce is a harsh startup. The four horseman are four types of negativity that can mess with your marriage. Criticism, Contempt, Defensiveness and Stonewalling. Criticism isn’t the worst of the four horsemen, but it does open up the door to the other three, so watch out for it.
Defensiveness is when you blame the other spouse, which is easy to do when a conversation gets heated.
Flooding means that your spouse’s negativity- whether in the guise of criticism or contempt or even defensiveness- is so overwhelming, and so sudden, that it leaves you shell-shocked. The four horsemen, and flooding make it more difficult for a couple to respond to repair attempts. The last determining factor for Gottman’s research in predicting a divorce was sour memories. The first time I read this this book I was frustrated and disheartened after this chapter. I noticed a lot of these things in Lisa and my marriage which Bummed.
The post 5 ways to Make Stupendous Love in Your Marriage appeared first on Stupendous Marriage. We are spending several weeks reading John Gottman's 'The Seven Principles for Making Marriage Work'. When we have a healthy thriving marriage, our immune systems get a positive kick in the pants. Of course, that is why he wrote this book – to fill us in on what really works to help marriages thrive.
Gottman suggests that being friends in marriage is at the center of making a marriage work. When the positivity in a marriage is greater than the negative – it supports a good marriage.
Those marriages that believe in one anothers’ dreams and aspirations develop a deeper connection and meaning with their spouse.
The post 6 Stumbling Blocks to a Stupendous Marriage appeared first on Stupendous Marriage.
In today’s culture, is that even possible? The news would have us believe that couples are cheating, divorcing and falling apart left and right! Whether you believe that story or not, the truth remains that it takesmore than one person to fill all the needs in our lives.
I believe that my relationship with my spouse is the most important relationship I will have on this planet; however, if I make my mate the one and only center of my universe, my life is gonna be screwy. Feelings come and go. To make your marriage last you have to be committed to your spouse no matter how you feel. The romantic feelings may come and go, but your feelings of togetherness and bondedness don’t have to stop.
Have you acknowledged and dealt with your past  so it doesn’t negatively bind your marriage?
The post Husbands: Have a Better Prayer Life by Working on Your Marriage appeared first on Stupendous Marriage.
Whenever I read books about prayer, it makes me want to be a better pray-er, but I get frustrated because I’m no George Muller. Somewhere into about my 30th book on marriage that I had read after a horrible vacation with our extended family, I picked up Gary Thomas’ Sacred Marriage.
I had read the verse, but had never thought about what it meant for my marriage, or my prayer life. These two things,  Prayer and marriage, help us realize we don’t have it all figured out. When we were first married, I put our relationship on the back burner. I assumed all would be amazing after we stood at the altar. I let things coast until year five when we went on that vacation from hell I mentioned earlier. I felt like praying, and when I did, I began to notice things I prayed about… found answers. Your inlaws will be crazy, or you will think they are crazy because they don’t understand you. Your kids will love, hate, disrespect, whine, throw up on you, hug you, smile at you (sometimes all of these within a matter of 10 minutes). We keep training our bodies to win the race and not looking back (Paul talks about that in 1 Corinthians 9). The post No Connection Outside the Bedroom – Episode 149 appeared first on Stupendous Marriage. The post When Should We Start Having Babies – Episode 148 appeared first on Stupendous Marriage.
Stu says "Be Sneaky" about finding pockets of time for intentional connection with your spouse!
Stu says “Be Sneaky” about finding pockets of time for intentional connection with your spouse! A Question we recieved talked about couples having different schedules, so how do you find time to connect?
Stu says "Be Sneaky" about finding pockets of time for intentional connection with your spouse! On this episode of the Stupendous Marriage Show, Stu and Lisa talk about Inlaws that are causing issues in marriage.
The post Inlaws Causing Issues In Marriage – Episode 144 appeared first on Stupendous Marriage. My husbands’ brother is unbearably rude, and every time I bring it up to my husband, he takes offense and defends his brother! I don’t want to strain our marriage over this, but should I just continue to bite my tongue indefinitely? Our friend Julie Sibert at Intimacy In Marriage has been running an awesome series this summer about things that destroy sex in a marriage. Porn is difficult to escape from, especially in a culture that glorifies sexual images that would have been considered ‘risque’ only a generation ago. I have also begun work on a resource to help those who struggle with pornography in their lives. The Plan going forward with our shows (at least for the time being…) is to produce TWO SEASONS Yearly.
We will still take emails, and we will probably post some during the breaks – maybe new blog posts or highlighting other marriage encouragers that we know! As a child, Dickens lived in the Kentish towns of Medway and Chatham, and it was while there that he admired the nearby mansion Gad’s Hill Place. Dickens spoke six times at the Rochester and Chatham Mechanics’ Institute to raise funds for the organization of which he was president for 13 years. Dickens first met his close friend Sir Austen Henry Layard (1817-1894) at the home of Angela Burdett-Coutts, the wealthiest woman in the country and the dedicatee of Dickens’ novel Martin Chuzzlewit.
Our letter was written from Tavistock House where the author lived from November 1851 until 1860 and where he penned Bleak House, Little Dorrit and A Tale of Two Cities, published in 1852, 1855 and 1859 respectively.
Lightly folded into quarters and bearing a very light paperclip impression in the upper left corner. Thanks in part to his phonograph recordings, some of the first made by any singer, Caruso is remembered as one of the most talented tenors ever.
Ours is a classic example of Caruso’s caricatures, signed during his tour through Argentina and Brazil which lasted from August through October 1917. Descended from a long line of Polish rabbis, Singer eschewed religious training and sought a career as a writer instead; his first book was published in 1935. Singer lived in Manhattan, working for the Yiddish press and becoming one of the best known contributors to the Jewish Daily Forward, founded in 1897 by immigrant labor leaders in New York City. Michel was a German Jew imprisoned in concentration camps between 1939 and 1945, when he escaped during a forced march between camps.
In 1926, Mann began work on his four-part epic novel, Joseph and His Brothers, a retelling of several Biblical stories on which he worked for the better part of two decades. At the time of our letter, Mann was living at his estate in California, having emigrated with other leading German intellectuals in the late 1930s following the rise of Hitler.
Our letter has three small holes, two in blank areas and one just touching one word of typed text.
Born into a wealthy family of Spanish aristocrats in Venezuela, Bolivar was orphaned at a young age and raised by family slaves and private tutors, who instilled in him a strong sense of justice and liberty.
Bolivar was a part of the delegation to Great Britain after the 1810 coup which formed the Supreme Junta of Caracas, and distinguished himself during the ensuing Venezuelan War of Independence.
However, by 1815, Bolivar found himself at odds with the government of Cartagena and sought refuge in Haiti, a country that provided him with the means to return to Venezuela.
In the latter part of his life, Einstein used his fame and influence to assist those seeking refuge in the U.S.
Gutkind was a philosopher with a special interest in mysticism, including ancient Gnosticism and the Kabbala.
As president, Truman guided the United States through World War II and into the nuclear age. Republican CongressmanWilliam Fife Knowland (1908-1974) represented California in the Senate from 1945 to 1959, during which time he served as majority and minority leader and became a vocal critic of Truman.
Written on a folded sheet and folded once horizontally with a staple hole in the upper left corner. After abandoning the law career his parents had planned for him, Stravinsky devoted himself to music, achieving instant fame with the 1910 Paris debut of his ballet The Firebird. Our letter is written from Cambridge, where Lewis had accepted the chair of Mediaeval and Renaissance Literature at Magdalene College in 1954. Although he did not have a military background, Sickles, a congressman from New York, became a prominent officer during the Civil War.
Prior to his checkered military career, Sickles’ personal life had been rife with scandal. After the war, Sickles oversaw aspects of Reconstruction and resumed his congressional career during which he helped preserve the battlefield at Gettysburg. As Roosevelt’s second presidential term drew to a close, he threw his support behind his close friend and secretary of war, William Howard Taft. Our letter presages the schism and discusses the November 8, 1910 New York State election in which the entire Democratic ticket was elected including Governor John Alden Dix who beat out Republican candidate Henry L.
The American Tract Society was founded in 1825 as the first organization in the United States to publish and distribute religious literature on a mass scale. WE COMMAND YOU, That all business and excuses being laid aside you be and appear in your own proper person forthwith before the undersigned pursuant to Section Thirty-four of the Public Officers Law, at the Executive Chamber, State Capitol, Albany, New York, to testify and give evidence in the matter of charges against the Honorable James J.
Roosevelt’s presidential bid, announced in January 1932 and secured with the Democratic nomination that June, was threatened by an emerging scandal involving the administration of Tammany Hall-backed New York City mayor James F. Seabury and his team conducted more than 1,000 interviews and uncovered the Vice Squad’s shocking practice of arresting innocent women for prostitution, several of whom were eventually pardoned by Governor Roosevelt. Darkly signed; professionally laid into a slightly larger sheet and in very good condition.
A prolific artist with a unique, dream-like style, Chagall’s works include paintings, tapestries, illustrations, ceramics, and murals. Chagall’s first major project in stained glass was the church at Assy 1956, followed by windows for the cathedral of Metz, a project that lasted from 1958 to 1960. Chagall’s window for the Tribe of Gad, one of the ten lost tribes of Israel, known for their ability as soldiers, includes birds, serpents, winged beasts, swords, and the outline of a city. The Bush administration witnessed the collapse of the Soviet Union, the invasion of Panama, the Gulf War and the signing of NAFTA. George III succeeded his grandfather, King George II, at a pivotal time in English history, marked by wars on the continent and in the New World. Founded in 1650 on the orders of Oliver Cromwell, the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards was the largest cavalry regiment at the time.
Our schedule of per diem payments to the two regiments was penned prior to the 1788 reorganization. The grandson of President John Quincy Adams and the fourth of seven children of Charles Francis Adams and Abigail Brooks, Henry Brooks Adams was an ambitious youth who decided while still a teenager to travel the world and become a great politician and author. Adams began his writing career by secretly using his position to dispatch anonymous news reports from Washington, DC to the Boston Daily Advertiser. Our letter’s recipient was the great-grandson of Senator Rufus King (1755-1827), a signer of the Constitution, New York senator and presidential candidate. Grant not only distinguished himself during the Civil War but also excelled in his post-war duties as he supervised Reconstruction, protected the western frontier and liquidated the surpluses of war. Not only were frescoes of rhinos, horses and lions over 30,000 years old found in a cave in the Ardeche on Dec.
Although theya€™re probably right, ita€™s worth noting that these same specialists used similar criteria to ascribe the animals of Chauvet to the same period - until carbon 14 results pushed their age back over 10,000 years, shattering the notion that prehistoric art had evolved linearly, like technologies.
In France, the Ministry of Culture placed its new treasure under the most draconian protection, despite the fact that the country already has the lion's share of Paleolithic art. Standing right in front of some of the most spectacular engravings, the Secretary of State for Culture dismissed them as being nothing more than a€?childrena€™s doodlesa€? a€“ whereupon the students from Foz CA?aa€™s high school turned the official into a laughing-stock by presenting him with a schist slab covered with their own scribblings4. It's now or never, the author of the following article decided in April 1995, as he set out to evaluate the engravings, find out the truth, and propose solutions.
My 13-year old son and I had flown to Porto in Portugal and driven far up the Douro valley into the northeastern mountains, prepared to maneuver around obstructions whether by negotiation or hiking through the back door. Still, here was our first encounter with the powers that be, so I took this opportunity to probe, and get a first step up the hierarchical ladder. So I explained how Sebastian and I had come so far to see the Paleolithic glories that Portugal would be displaying with pride, spoke of credentials, and placed us (and our pen) in his hands.
Still, we had our bearings, and drove off into the late afternoon to penetrate the heart of the forbidden zone.
We were getting closer, very close now, and could spy loops of a trail among the folds of a distant ridge.
And here too was the arena where one of the greatest feuds between discoverers and custodians of the past had exploded since the conflict between Othniel Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope over the fossils of extinct giants in Sioux territory during Custer's battles. With swifts swirling in up-drafts around our heads, we scrambled and picked our way among sheer precipices and ledges.


Its tight horseshoe of cliffs and rubble made the perfect hiding place for our car and tent from the gray guards roaming the surrounding crests with binoculars.
Sebastian snuggled tighter into his sleeping bag, so I set out to reconnoiter alone, systematically working quadrants and contours between our quarry at Fariseu and Piscos brook. Somewhere among the jumble of a thousand rock faces would be an ancient image - perhaps masked by lichen or so faint one had to trace its parts before seeing it whole. The numbed waters suddenly spangled upstream with glitter and so many flowery white tresses of water plants that the currents looked like sudsy pastures. After all the noisy demonstrations against the dam in Lisbon, how were they to know how much clout a nosy prehistorian might have? Whatever was going to happen to him afterwards in the backwater of Portuguese archaeology had surely been inconsequential, since experience proved that nobody made much fuss over sites that were out-of-sight and out-of-mind - especially with archaeologists beholding to dam-builders and political appointees for access and records. According to the insinuations, he could have continued his documentation right up to the headwaters as his masters worked their way upstream step by step. I sensed that this crowd felt their doctor deserved to be the one to tell fellow archaeologists that they might as well ask to visit Atlantis.
Sure enough, there was the 12 year-old Pocinho dam sweeping the valley with a clean curtain.14 But the silos of this former construction site's cement plant were speckled with rust, the ranks of its offices and dormitories were deserted and almost every window was broken. Fortunately, Sebastian was becoming ever more engrossed in Verne's book, spelunking towards the planet's core, so I began to gravitate down halls for exercise and companionship, coming to the door of the room where the secretary was braiding the blind's cord while two laconic draftsmen labored over tracings of horses, ibexes and aurochs. It has been insinuated that Rebanda probably discovered Rock 1 at Canada do Inferno as early as November 1991.18 In Dec.
So, quixotically, he had proposed building a dry-dock around the outcropping, and, failing that, underwater exploration.
If so, the power utility may have known of incredibly rich sites years before the first blueprint for the new dam! Clottes was the worlda€™s reigning prehistorian a€“ the man who had risen to the pinnacle of the French archaeological establishment and held the only keys to the holy grail of art caves - the unbelievably strong and ancient Grotte Chauvet. After inspecting the 15% of the art that remained above water at the site in the rising dama€™s shadow, because the EDP had hardly felt it necessary to lower the water for the visit of the foreigner sent by the now antagonistic IPPAR, Clottes stepped before a highly polarized press corps. The dam-builders and their government backers felt vindicated while much of Portuguese public was crestfallen or furious.
The dam had become a poisonous political issue in a national election with the President and his fellow Socialists attacking the center-right Prime Minister for its willingness to sacrifice both the nationa€™s patrimony and vineyards to a flaky building scheme.
As if the owners of villas built around the new lake would really allow it to be drained 100 meters to its bottom - where almost all of the known panels would soon be drowned a€“ once every decade! Suddenly, the Portuguese public felt that the dam-builders were not only destroying the nationa€™s most ancient claim to world grandeur and civilization, but that they were in league with a man who would never have been so cavalier with Paleolithic masterpieces in his own country!
When I later asked Portuguese archaeologists if they were going to attend an up-coming conference organized by Clottes, they recoiled. First, because Clottesa€™ retinue of hosts, diplomats and reporters was rushing him and putting him in a bind a€“ even if his stature, pride, and role as UNESCOa€™s expert on rock art had led him into it.
They even echoed his faith in getting dam operators to regularly empty the vast lake a€“ despite the glaring evidence of the EDPa€™s behavior at CA?a itself. No sooner had Clottes triggered a public outcry, than he began to explain away his tepid defense of the CA?aa€™s importance by saying that he had not been shown enough art to form a true idea of the valleya€™s richness.35 But the truth is, he was shown Rebandaa€™s trove of drawings from submerged sections and sites upstream36 and could have been more demanding. After all it was a lot of money, the government was inflexible, the controversy had become a campaign issue a€“ which meant that his advice would seem like foreign meddling - and the elections were still far off.
When, in fact, the long-term rights for the cave in France would belong to its Ministry of Culture a€“ which was already attacking its discoverer, Chauvet, for the pittance hea€™d received for his pictures.
But I could hardly hold my tongue: why on earth had he invited people from this caste of academics back into his life - and the valley - when at least one of them had apparently abused him?
The picture was compelling: SimAµes and her husband angelically insisting that the world must be told, while the hireling screamed demonically over the fire, accusing university archaeologists of trying to hog the credit yet again.
If Rebanda had known SimAµes and Jaffe were going to paint him into a corner, wouldn't he have raced for the exit?
Both Rebanda and SimAµes de Abreu could have been traitors and saviors at once, and as long as I was with this archaeologist, I felt bound to encourage the savior in him.
It must have seemed like an insult to him after all his efforts, so with an anarchic gesture, he announced, what the hell, he'd photocopy their fax when it came, so we could enter a second. Huge black derricks hulked atop the dam beside a row of gate-lifting pistons that looked like Big Berthas. We bagged the warning or omen, caught and released a giant water beetle - the kind that injects deliquescing enzymes into living frogs, then sucks out their juice - and worked our way along what was actually the upper tier of a disappearing cliff.
When art panels are located in the CA?aa€™s side valleys, they are apparently concentrated on northern slopes. I was a willing guide as we skewered corn kernels on hooks, lashed lines around a log and threw the lethal leashes into the dark. They were a hundred yards apart, making perpetual rounds as they kept time clocks happy by cranking them every few paces with keys chained to the fence. It was probably his first job after military service, but he was intelligent enough to realize that hea€™d been hired as a pawn in a vast conspiracy to keep Portugal's greatest cultural wonders out of sight and out of mind, till they could be obliterated. One, because any plan to remove the friezes not only meant assigning a value to them, but keeping the controversy alive.
The mountainous dirt road forked, meandered and even skirted an imposing castle,51 but several classes of children were making the long dusty pilgrimage on foot while carloads of adults in their Sunday best made the excursion to see the only engravings to have escaped the censors - either because the site at Penascosa was so far from Lima Montiero's spyglass or because the valley was gentler here and had always been farmed. I hadn't passed the first olive tree when I happened upon a well-knapped hand-axe, and then another! On-line commentary entitled a€?Some corrections about the CA?a petroglyphsa€? in TRACCE no. While Chauveta€™s name was given to the cave itself, the names of his co-discoverers were given to two of its large chambers. Mila SimAµes de Abreu and Ludwig Jaffe were the founders of the APAAR (AssociaA§ao Portuguesa de Arte e Arqueologia Rupestre), which has been a member of IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) since Sept.
In an on-line commentary, Jaffe denounced what he perceived as a continuation of the scandal under new management: a€?In December 1994 IPPAR passed the responsibility for the rock art in the Coa valley to Mario Varela Gomes and Antonio Martinho Baptista. Their critics often subscribe to the doctrine that modern ethnographic evidence cannot be used to interpret ancient cultures.
Although Bednarik was one of the earliest crusaders for CA?a - calling for the EDP to stop building the dam in Nov.
The leftist press and Portuguese archaeological milieu reacted with just as much reflection, ignoring both Bednarika€™s qualifiers and his pioneering role in organizing the world campaign to fight for the whole valleya€™s salvation (see Dossier CA?a p. Of the 66 contributions written by individuals, not one is by Nelson Rebanda, whose ghost a€“ to anyone interested in intellectual property a€“ haunts every line. After the CA?a scandal served its purpose as an electoral issue that helped the Socialists to win power, the new government kept its campaign promise by protecting the CA?a Valley but used the goodwill engendered by the decision to blunt criticism while flooding other huge assemblages of rock art. 3; Catherine Vincent, writing in Le Monde on March 11, 1995, goes into much more detail about one particular vineyard, Ervamoira, that would have been lost, along with its exceptional Port wine. The first was to prove that the engravings were not Paleolithic a€“ an effort that entrapped researchers who wanted to apply experimental direct-dating techniques.
We talk sex, kids, inlaws, money, communication and anything else about building a stupendous marriage. They answer listener question about marriage issues and highlight great writers, thinkers and speakers who are passionate about marriage and healthy relationships. This means starting conversations on a negative note – with anger, criticism or sarcasm. You feel so defenseless against this sniper attack that you learn to do anything to avoid a replay.
If a spouse does not respond well to a repair attempt, The four horsemen trample the conversation. It’s one of the original books on marriage that helped me begin this blog and podcast. Meaning, if you do something fun and novel with your spouse, you feel more connected to them because your brain has released chemicals of excitement and bonding at the same time.
This relates to the adventure element from above – take up hobbies with your spouse, or learn to enjoy some of the things that they love. His “love lab” being an apartment of sorts where he actively spies on couples and records their behaviours! I know we are all wired for relationships – not just in marriage, but this very important relationship that we live out day after day has so much to do to help or hinder our physical health. We talk a lot about learning how to communicate as a couple, but Gottman says that that is not the basis of good marital therapy or even super helpful for couples!
When negative feelings get to be greater than the positive feelings, it takes more work to get back to the positive side of things.
The movement can be cute or funny, or something completely unique, but it is an active attempt to deescalate.
Even in re-reading this first chapter, I have forgotten many things in the years since I read it the first time! Yet, the longer I’ve been married the more I see how easy it is to lose your footing on the foundations of your marriage. Being a guy who is trying to align his life with the Bible, I tend to go back to the story about Adam and Eve. It comes when we together as husband and wife believe we are engaged in a relationship that makes a difference and has meaning.
When we start comparing our marriage to other marriages, we set our relationships up for failure.
You also need to keep growing yourself which will make YOU more interesting to your spouse! Where can you take the time to go deep with your spouse and solve something that may seem complex? That we need someone else to bounce ideas off of – or to give us a good swift kick in the right direction.
A learning (and relearning) to be humble with that person who shares the same bed with you. If you work on your marriage, it forces you to get out of isolation and actually talk to that other person in the relationship. You only feel like you are because you can’t see the light at the end of the tunnel right now. I’m sure Lisa will want to chime in in a later episode, but today, its just my answer! There are too many people smarter than me, beginning to come out and say what a problem it is on many levels.
If you would like more information about that – please click here to sign up for updates! His father told him if he worked hard he could one day earn enough money to buy the house, which he did in 1856, using it as a country estate and entertaining such visitors as Hans Christian Andersen. Layard was a man of many accomplishments, most notable of which was his excavation of Nimrud and his various publications about that archeological site. He wrote prolifically in Yiddish, and for works including The Family Moskat, The Slave, The Penitent, andZlateh the Goat and Other Stories, he was highly lauded, winning a Nobel Prize for Literature, the National Book Award, a Newberry Medal, and a place in the Jewish-American Hall of Fame. He evaded death at Auschwitz by becoming a calligrapher charged with inscribing names and false causes of death on Nazi death certificates. The first book, The Tales of Jacob, was followed byThe Young Joseph, Joseph in Egypt and Joseph the Provider, the final installment which was published in an American edition in 1944, as Mann notes in our letter.In this series, Mann rea€‘interpreted the story of Joseph as the emergence of a singular, responsible individuality out of the collective horde, the birth of history from myth, and the human conception of God from the unknowable. After attending the Milicias de Veraguas military academy, he sailed to Europe for further education and witnessed Napoleon’s coronation in Paris. After the fall of the First Republic of Venezuela in July 1812, Bolivar led the campaign to free the country from Spanish control, enlisting the recently formed United Provinces of New Granada in his so-called Admirable Campaign of 1813, during which Bolivar earned the moniker El Libertador and which successfully captured Caracas from the royalists and reestablished the Venezuelan Republic.
In January 1817, he began the siege of the city of Angostura (renamed Ciudad Bolivar in 1846), located on the shores of the Orinoco River in the Province of Guayana.
He counted among his friends Romain Roland, Upton Sinclair, Rabindranath Tagore, Wassily Kandinsky, and Martin Buber. After leaving office at age 67, Truman returned home to Independence, Missouri, remaining active in public life, campaigning for Democratic candidates, writing several books and establishing the Truman Library in Independence, which set a precedent for establishing future presidential libraries through private donations. Snyder’s coin collection was stolen from the museum, then under the administration of the Parks Department. McCormack represented Massachusetts in Washington from 1928 to 1971, serving as majority leader three times and speaker of the house from 1962 to 1971. He returned to his private law practice after leaving the Truman administration and donated his papers to the Truman Presidential Library.
Hefollowed it with compositions for the Ballets Russes, including Petrushka and his avant-garde and controversialRite of Spring, which caused a near-riot during its 1913 Paris debut. He recruited many New York regiments including the Army of the Potomac’s Excelsior Brigade, but his insubordination at the Battle of Gettysburg and the loss of his leg ended his military career.
In 1852, against the objections of both their families, he married the teenage Teresa Bagioli (granddaughter of Lorenzo da Ponte, Mozart’s librettist), who was half his age.
He was a noted bibliophile and, despite the scandals associated with his name, Sickles served as minister to Spain from 1869-1874. With the president’s endorsement, Taft won the Republican nomination and handily beat his Democratic opponent, William Jennings Bryan. Swift, who had previously worked as a field secretary, served as General Secretary of the organization from 1910-1921. Walker, Mayor of the City of New York, And for failure to attend you will be deemed guilty as for a contempt of Court. His art combined Cubism, Expressionism and Symbolism to bring a unique sense of lightheartedness to diverse Jewish themes. In 1960, Chagall began work on a set of 12 stained glass windows for the Abbell Synagogue at the Hadassah University Medical Center. Navy, Bush, the son of a Connecticut Senator, entered the oil business, and became a millionaire by age 40.
I talked to Secretary of State George Shultz this morning and he told me he enthusiastically endorsed my choice the next Secretary of State.
Only five years after becoming King he began to experience episodes of madness, now thought by historians to have been caused by the metabolic disorder porphyria.
The Horse Guards were also the highest paid in the army and the most expensive regiment to maintain, making its ranks swell with aristocratic elites, the only ones who could afford to secure such a commission.
Broadly and clearly signed in the upper left corner and framed with an engraved portrait of the sovereign. After graduating from Harvard and spending two years in Europe, he worked as his father’s secretary, a Republican congressman at the time. His historical works include the nine-volume The History of the United States of America (1801 to 1817), Life of Albert Gallatin, and the 1891 Historical Essays. He visited his father during several campaigns during the conflict and, in 1866, entered West Point Military Academy, graduating in 1871. Bankers check bears a two-cent revenue stamp, several blue ink bank stamps and two perforated bank cancellations. 18th1, but Europea€™s biggest open-air gallery of Paleolithic animals was reported just a month earlier in the CA?a Valley of northeastern Portugal2.
Regardless of how old the CA?aa€™s art turns out to be, it is unique in its richness above ground and astonishing in its illustrations of movement - with animals tossing their heads with the same stop-action dynamism found at Chauvet and only millennia later in photography and Futurist painting. The Chauvet Cavea€™s prehistoric bestiary was proudly splashed across magazines around the world.
Soon, the guard turned into a regular lad, wrote down the chief engineer's name and pointed beyond the ramp-laced moonscape - into the wilderness.
In this walled garden, the conflicting passions of archaeologists had exploded around a campfire, set a president and prime minister against each other, and cowed the emissaries of UNESCO. Lizards skidded into fissures, a rusty blade wedged in a nook beside a sliver of cliff garden spoke of an emigrant who had never returned, but the walls seemed barren.
Over and over again, the scene seemed set, the rock stretched, but its lines were just fractals. I yanked myself up to a platform less than a step wide and a ten-foot long cow - an auroch! By holding the animal's form and movement vividly in mind, the maker had poured himself into its body and experienced a power beyond abstraction, beyond even tool-making, to thrill to the new power of passing through the looking-glass into another being. A stream, running pure as its springs over crisp cresses between alternating bull rushes and crags, almost made it to the river unaltered, but met it just below the threshold and sank into an estuary.
We had arrived at Pandemonium and would try to insinuate ourselves into an audience with the Chief Engineer himself. Only one was so spotless and redolent of perks, though, with its rolled lawn incongruous in the desert, that we knew right where to head among forking roads. I was hardly surprised when these well-fed pros passed the buck to the only gaunt and partially toothless fellow traveler among them. So they decided to play it safe by dumping me on their pet nemesis, the organizationa€™s own archaeological a€?hirelinga€?, Dr. He could have added to his hoard of exclusive photos and measurements, imposed interpretations, and generally lorded it over his peers - for who could have naysayed him with his treasures locked a hundred meters deep in so many great watery safes?10 And to think that all the dam-builders' pet archaeologist and his accommodating superiors at the Portuguese Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IPPAR)11 in Lisbon - to whom Rebanda had reported his discoveries at least twice12 - had had to do to pull off this economically patriotic (not to say mutually beneficial) stunt was keep their mouths shut! After having suffered at the hands of his mentor, Professor Jorge, why had Rebanda put himself at the mercy of two similar academics and representatives of an international body to boot - Mila SimAµes de Abreu and her archaeologist husband, Ludwig Jaffe, who represented the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO)?
At least such nuisances would keep him from getting up to more mischief by turning up new discoveries. But, finally, a secretary answered my summons and let me into a vestibule empty except for a display of postcard-sized photographs of some of the engravings, and a cartoon caricaturing the scandal - which I reckoned had been knowingly posted to co-opt criticism. I couldn't quite make out the man's features through the crack, but it was obvious he was gushing recriminations - and no wonder: the entire archaeological profession had ganged up on the pariah. We all knew I had crossed a threshold, but, after all, I had paid my dues, and in any case, I padded off to the foyer again. Yet they'd prattled to the press that they had found the art a year ago, and then more like two years ago, and now, word had it, a€?onlya€? three years ago25 - when it was always somehow too late to stop the process leading up to construction, which had only started in September a€™94.26 The gall! Instantly, I whipped out paper and scribbled the fastest copy of the main map that my hand could draw. After SimAµes de Abreu and Jaffe had unleashed the scandal by revealing the conspiracy to flood Europea€™s richest assemblage of open-air Paleolithic art, the IPPAR and Portuguese Ministry of Culture had scrambled to get their own expert witness a€“ and, in a further twist, had asked UNESCO to recommend an expert to challenge the power companya€™s growing efforts to prove the art wasna€™t Paleolithic but recent27 a€“ in which case, the EDP seemed to think that the public would drop the subject as being the relatively recent work of peasants drawing their cows. For all their heightened sensitivity to having CA?aa€™s fate evaluated by a foreigner, the Portuguese press viewed Clottes as a referee and expected a verdict. Then, as fate would have it, Clottes was back in the headlines within the week, announcing drastic measures to protect Francea€™s new crown jewel, Chauvet.
And as if anyone could even find new art during the two weeks a lake might be emptied (every hundred years) while everything was coated with algae and grime! Opposition editorialists had a field day with Clottesa€™ apparent hypocrisy and dismissiveness towards Portugal - and demonstrators flooded the streets. Two, because people are often driven to produce their greatest work and worst mistakes by similar drives.
Rebanda was even fooling himself on this score, I thought - after all, the Foz CA?a photographs would probably end up belonging to Portugala€™s own ministry or even the EDP. Scientists - like lawyers - ply an adversarial trade, but the chance to put Portugal into the archaeological heavens a€“ and to boost their own reputations with it - had given many researchers more ulterior motives than usual. Personally, I couldn't see anybody bedding down for the night and traipsing out the next morning with people who had announced that they were going to expose him. In essence, my heart a€“ if not my mind - had taken his side for the moment; he was the underdog, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and I was concerned that he might even attempt suicide. If I didn't mind coming back at 9 the next morning, he apologized, the approval should be there. But basically the dam was a streamlined machine without much need for local intervention or maintenance.
My unequivocal certification of their global importance only made him uneasier, as he didn't know whether to feel flattered or upset.
We peered into a dovecot, a squat white tower lined inside with empty compartments like a city after a plague. Suddenly, a deeply hammered auroch on the rock stood out boldly as a road sign - alerting us to an entire herd. The geology, erosion, & silica skins protecting engravings all seem similar on both slopes, so I theorize that this positioning is not simply a taphonomic illusion created by the disappearance of engravings on the southern slopes.
I wasn't expecting anything when I ambled down at dawn, but there it was: a big mound under the bank! From what I could tell, even his draftsmen had decided to take the day off 49, once they realized the coast was clear.
By God, I thought, if the flooders don't save them, I hope the townspeople storm the valley! If the guards hadn't been under strict orders not to sell admissions, they'd have made a killing; but then any financial association with the art is anathema to the dammers: the next thing they knew, they'd have a revolt on their hands! And like the first guard, when he realized that I had somehow gotten authorization despite my evident opposition to the reservoir, he let out his pent-up indignation - for we were insiders. As we passed the threshold between the deadened depths and virgin current with its billowing water-foliage, we had to skirt and climb over a sheer wall blocking the side-valleya€™s entrance.
The intertwined couple, spanning the length of a single real horse, was still necking in Eden after twenty millennia. Rock Art and the CA?a Valley Archaeological Park: A case study in the preservation of Portugal's prehistoric parietal heritage.
Although it is true that one must be extremely circumspect about doing so, such evidence often opens new perspectives that have more in common with the subsistence systems of ancient cultures than does our own, and the two authors showed considerable originality and courage in exploring it. 1994 - most Portuguese archaeologists with access to the CA?a sites now shun him as thoroughly as they do Clottes and Rebanda. 539, for a resolution, written in defense of CA?a, by Bednarik, in a book filled with vitriole against him).
These retractions confirmed that some of ZilhA?oa€™s criticisms of the direct dating attempts were well founded, but dona€™t necessarily reflect on other matters raised in his disputes with Bednarik and Jaffe. In the English sections, Jorge generously credits numerous associates and generations of Portuguese prehistorians by full name, while studiously avoiding any mention of Rebanda except where it is unavoidable, and then only with his last name between brackets.
The second was to make casts of panels for a museum a€“ which may have damaged some panels.
Gottman suggests that husbands do this more than wives, but it can happen to either spouse. I wanted to reread some of those first books to renew my dedication to healthy marriage, and also to go deeper for myself. When Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit, they were kicked out of paradise where all their needs were met. We long to be part of something meaningful and for our lives to be engaged in something that makes a difference. A documentary about two brothers whose real life neighbor was Fred Rogers, and the impact Fred made in their life. Likely during the writing of this very blog post Lisa will come in and ask me a question and I will half-heartedly give a response.


Are you expecting God to heal areas that only He can – or are you trying to shoulder all the burden?
He addressed feelings of fear and anger and confusion and identity – and he talked about them thru themes in his shows. You can stay locked in the past – bound by whatever it was, OR it can help you understand what your current hang ups might be. She may be weaker than you are, but she is your equal partner in God’s gift of new life. And (catch this) after a difficult first 5 years, most couple who stuck it out were happier and healthier than the 5 years previous. English novelist and one of the best-loved writers in the language; author of A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield and A Tale of Two Cities.
It was at Gad’s Hill he penned such works as A Tale of Two Cities, The Mystery of Edwin Drood, Our Mutual Friend, andGreat Expectations, which he began publishing serially in December 1860, nine months after our letter. Several letters between Adams and Dickens have appeared at auction and one is published in The Pilgrim Edition of the Letters of Charles Dickens, volume 12; our letter is likely unpublished.
Archivally matted with a colorized profile portrait of Caruso very similar to our caricature. After the war, he became a “reporter for the American occupation government at the Nuremberg war crimes trials. German-born physicist, humanitarian and Nobel Prize winner; promulgator of the general and special theories of relativity.
His 1910 work Siderische Geburt: Seraphische Wanderung vom Tode der Welt zur Taufe der Tat(Sideric birth - Seraphic Peregrenation from the Death of the World to the Baptism of Action), published under a penname, was very influential among European pacifists and mystics. Russian-born, American composer; creator of The Rite of Spring, Petroushka, The Firebird, and many other 20th-century masterpieces.
Englishprofessor, Christian apologist and author of the immensely popular children’s series The Chronicles of Narnia. In the subsequent Congressional hearings on the battle, he defended his actions while disparaging those of Major General George G. While she was pregnant, he openly consorted with a prominent New York prostitute named Fanny White, presented her to Queen Victoria while impersonating a political rival and brought her into the New York State Assembly chambers, for which he was censured.
However, shortly after Taft took office, Roosevelt felt betrayed when the new president appeared to oppose TR’s previous anti-trust efforts.
Russian-born, French artist known for his highly personal, fantastical imagery inspired by Russian-Jewish folk themes and village life.
With each window Chagall depicts one of the twelve tribes of Israel through their traditional symbols as well as animals, flowers, trees, and architecture. He was also a successful politician, representing Texas in the House of Representatives from 1967-1971. A decade later England was again at war with France, this time against Napoleon’s revolutionary forces. When George III came to the throne in 1760, the Horse Guards were fighting the French in the Seven Years War.
Historian, author and grandson of John Quincy Adams whose celebrated autobiography, The Education of Henry Adams, is an American classic. While the paintings in the French cave, which became known as the Grotte Chauvet, often have engraved contours, the Portuguese menagerie may also have been painted, but, being outdoors, their pigments have usually weathered away. As shadows welled from the valley, we turned from the scarps and trundled downwards into the cleavage, till the road turned into a path to the water through a profusion of poppies. Finally, I discerned a flock ambling down through dry brush, then a shirt flashed a white dot, and we converged within hailing distance on opposite banks. Even ideal panels on either side of a fig tree bulging titanically from a small cave were barren.
A stand of poplar trees crackled like Chinese New Year with small birds, abundant as leaves. It was a good thing we had his name, Lima Monteiro, because the Securitas guard on this side meant business. Our compact car slid in among Mercedes and I stepped into glare, drawing cool stares from fleshy faces.
My interlocutor explained that the Chief Engineer was powerless to help me, so he couldn't be bothered to give me an audience. Of course, the stories went, the honorable witnesses had refused to become accomplices and had immediately denounced the whole plot a€“ writing open letters to the Portuguese President, Vice President and Director of IPPAR - with carbon copies for the press.13 If only his employers had known that Rebanda was so naive!
She announced that it was no use disturbing the doctor, who I could see through a jarred door talking to someone over the phone with peevish vehemence.
Finally, I suggested that she didn't need to keep me company while I waited for the good doctor to get off the phone.
That's strange, I thought as I wandered off again, mulling over a mental photograph of the site distribution. And here were others, even closer to the construction site, at "RA?go de Vide", which had been submerged by the same old dam! Still, she caught me; whereupon I went on elaborating it, asking questions, and then padded back to the foyer again to continue my vigil.
After all, the archaeologists and reporters had allowed the Tagus petrogylphs to be drowned with hardly a whimper.
Not only did the contrast with his actions in Portugal now smack of a double standard, but there was a piquant irony.
With stakes this high, both parties unleashed their opinion-making machines, making hash of Clottesa€™ carefully weighed words as quickly as theya€™d vilified Rebanda.
Clottesa€™ words may have been earnest, but with stakes this high and politicized they were about as reasonable as Pontius Pilatea€™s attempts to keep the peace. I prefer to think the latter, and that his only mistake was thinking that people on both sides were lucid and reflective enough to interpret his verdict correctly. In Rebanda's place, I'd have calmed down and let the traitors fall to sleep, but then I'd have snuck away - trekking fast through the dark, picking myself up when I fell, but getting out - bloody knees and all - and calling that alarm first! Furthermore, I had no doubt - whatever pacts he'd struck - that he would make up for them if only approached constructively. After we'd faxed it, I was sorry to see him having to still recall and refax, as he nudged the request repeatedly through the unyielding bureaucracy.
Sebastian and I scrambled and tacked among the carious cliffs, till there was nothing left but rock overhanging the water itself. But a huge horse, leaning over the depths, was both more graceful and cryptic, for someone had wedged a rusty horseshoe into a crack between its hooves.
No sooner had I chipped the thin device and steadily shoved each curve straight, than the hook slipped smoothly free. Only Rebanda's long-suffering secretary had to keep her post and occupied herself by taking up the relay of calling and faxing.
These red and gray devices were not only customized to match the guards' uniforms, but showed off the latest in high-tech materials and molding.
As we wound our way down towards the reservoir among towering red cliffs, he took quiet pride in pointing out the hidden elements of scattered engravings.
But then Piscos Brook ran between trees, pastures and cane-groves, with cliffs full of shelters and stone panels at each bend. La Pintura, The Official Newsletter of the American Rock Art Research Association (Member of IFRAO) Volume 21, Number 3, Winter. In the same book, which Jorge compiled to record the campaign he was spear-heading to save CA?a a€“ a laudatory effort, if there ever was one, that made Jorge synonymous with yet another of Rebandaa€™s finds - Bednarik is repeatedly dismissed as a a€?charlatana€? (pp. Jaffe accused the trio, who had taken over responsibility for the archaeological resources of the valley, of endangering art panels and refusing to allow qualified foreign researchers or even Dr.
Whatever the case may be, the problem of rock art conservation is still as far from resolution in Portugal as it is in most other places in the world.
Join in by purchasing the book and reading along with us, and leaving comments here or at the Facebook group. If anything is broken outside the bedroom, it usually reflects in the bedroom (with a lack of sex). You can join in by purchasing the book and reading along with us, and leaving comments here or at the Facebook group. He didn’t want to change us, he loved us as he found us everyday in front of the tube.
He would pray that God would make the ground between the tv set and where a child sat watching – Holy Ground.
And when we take the time to think deeply, or slow down and have a conversation or just be in one anothers presence, we can connect in ways that aren’t possible when we are shallowly skimming the surface. He also taught summer classes at Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, linking him with the Brandywine school of painters and illustrators. Not dissuaded by the stories Polish immigrants sent home from America, Singer immigrated to the U.S.
His works include the autobiographical Buddenbrooks, Death in Venice and The Magic Mountain.
By July, Bolivar and his comrades had captured Angostura but he soon realized that the cause was being hampered by a lack of clear leadership and a formal government. Einstein relished the solitude of his life in Princeton, where he had lived since his 1933 immigration, and continued his scientific research. Like Einstein, Gutkind came to the United States in 1933 to accept a teaching position at the New School. As early as summer 1910, Roosevelt was contemplating a challenge to Taft in the 1912 presidential election.
These and other conflicts changed the British Empire and demanded the king’s continuous involvement in military actions.
But, his most famous work is undoubtedly his 1918 The Education of Henry Adams, a privately printed reflection on how society had changed during his lifetime. All that remains, where jagged outcroppings of schist jut from brushy slopes - exposing terminal facets perfect for murals - are hauntingly sinuous outlines of deer, horses, ibexes, and wild cattle called aurochs. The first flurry of press articles had mentioned that many of the engravings were already submerged by the cofferdam holding the river back for the more monstrous wall rising downstream from it.
I sent greetings and the shepherd expostulated and gestured animatedly upstream towards towering slabs. For me, all of mankind's later accomplishments, all our later experience of good and evil only become possible after such art. The irrelevant exchange had sparked sympathy as we both waited - and waited, in similar irrelevance to someone too consumed to give us heed. I would have to go to Lisbon, and no, it wouldn't do any good for him to fax; he didn't have an iota of authority. Despite all the insinuations about Rebanda and IPPAR, they were actually the first to try blocking the philistines with the clout of an institution as important as UNESCO. About thirty years before, Francea€™s equivalent to the EDP had taken the entire Ardeche Gorge, where the Chauvet Cave had just been found, from its entrance at Sauze to a rainbow-huge, natural arch - Vallon Pont da€™Arc, next to Chauvet - by eminent domain, to build a dam. These conscientious people know that theya€™re barely tolerated by the forces of Mammon - scraping crumbs from the tables of vast enterprises armed with dynamite and bulldozers - and make compacts all the time with them, telling themselves, for instance, that the alluvial strata that cement plants exploit are always too tumbled to contain intact Acheulian hearths.
If only he'd announced the discovery, co-opted his employers, and splashed masterpieces across magazine covers while the art's existence was still fresh, he might have won honor, fame, a very small fortune (and maybe even kept his job).
Within weeks, local academics had begun signing their names to Rebandaa€™s discoveries, tracings, and interpretations while forgetting to cite him.
I'd have been the one to announce the existence of the largest gathering of open-air Paleolithic engravings in Europe to the world. Slate slabs, thoughtfully laid into a wall as steps, led down through a canopy of fig trees into a cavernous wallow between cliffs. I woke Sebastian in time to see the beast lumber over the bank and glide away, and then it was high time we checked out our other line at the doctor's office. Noon passed as we still waited together like an old couple, talking about the doctor's misery, Australian rock art, translations; whatever. The guards stiffened as Sebastian and I had the gumption to breach a forbidden zone and stride blithely forward. There were so many warblers piping and whistling, there must have been a dozen species with overlapping territories.
Botha€? - Baptista and Gomes a€“ a€?were closely involved in the rationale to submerge the rock art (to 'protect it from vandals'); in fact, on 8 November Baptista spoke of how sedimentation behind dams should protect rock arta€? - my italics. After our departure, Bednarik and three other researchers (Alan Watchman from Canada, plus Fred Phillips and Ronald Dorn from the USA), who believed that they had found ways to date rock art directly, studied some of the CA?aa€™s engravings during separate visits. 1995 that was led by Mounir Bouchenaki, the IPPAR formed a scientific committee consisting of Antonio BeltrA?n, Emmanuel Anati and Jean Clottes, who came back for a second round. He in turn, created a show where people were encouraged and built up – not made fun of. In the 1850s, Layard, as Aylesbury’s MP, promoted governmental reform and created the Administrative Reform Association of which Dickens eagerly became a member. Our letter was written during WWII, just one year before retiring from the Institute for Advanced Study. In 1937, he published his philosophical work The Absolute Collective: A Philosophical Attempt to Overcome Our Broken State, which examined society and spirituality in post-World War I Germany. Lewis’ devout Anglicanism can be found in his witty and penetrating works which explore Christian and moral themes.
Their findings revealed a systematic practice of judges, attorneys, policemen, and bail bondsmen to extort money from defendants, many of whom had been framed for crimes they did not commit. At the dedication, the artist proclaimed, “This is my modest gift to the Jewish people, who have always dreamt of biblical love, friendship and of peace among all people.
Ambassador to the United Nations and under President Ford he served as a diplomat position in China. He has given us the highest possible standards for public service, and he has helped our Prez achieve many foreign policy successes.
In 1788, the Horse Guard was reorganized and the rank of cornet, listed in our document, was replaced with that of second lieutenant. Finding considerable success and pleasure in his clandestine vocation as a foreign correspondent, young Adams also displayed a talent for diplomacy. Adams’ well-known salon attracted the cream of Washington society, including President Theodore Roosevelt and his second wife, Edith. Our letter refers to King’s multi-volume Life and Correspondence of Rufus King published by G.
However, he almost immediately took a leave of absence to work as a civil engineer for Union Pacific Railroad, and, on July 27th, President Grant traveled to Philadelphia to see his son off on his trip west.
And so, forgive me, but in comparison to these ancient windows, cathedrals seem to have anti-climatic and overwrought power. Except for the absence now of bigger species, this was how Solutreans had experienced the world - with whistling, mooing, barking, roaring and trumpeting not just on the Serengeti, but to the frozen north! So much will go unrecorded because of all this fuss.a€? a€“ So, Rebanda is resigned to the inevitability of the flooding, I thought.
If the dam had been built, a dozen known art caves would have been flooded or affected by rising water tables.
So rather than condemn Clottes, perhaps the Portuguese should simply admit his diplomacy opened the debate, even if one might wish that hea€™d been a crusader. From Chauveta€™s pinnacle, its gatekeeper was probably right to dismiss the scratchings, which I too thought could have been the kneading of bears, but the contrast between the levels of encouragement was striking. Although they granted him the discovery of Hella€™s Canyon (in footnotes), other sites that Rebanda had already noted were soon claimed by competitors as Rebanda was effectively silenced.
And Vitor and his wife, Susanaa€? - was it my imagination or did her name stick in his craw?
Their stingy hypocrisy and philistinism revolted me: they wouldn't spend a penny on protecting such discoveries, but they'd drown the world up to its headwaters to keep driving Mercedes. Goldfinches sparked into the air, a crested hoopoo flashed orange and black, and the shaggy canes were a tumult of avian chatter.
Jaffe was also the IFRAO representative of the SocietA  Cooperativa Archaeologica, Le Orme della€™Uomo, Italy (Bednarik 1994). But not before signing controversial non-disclosure agreements with the EDP, which was hoping that their techniques would yield dates so recent that they could be used to ridicule stylistic daters who had identified the engravings as Paleolithic (Baptista & Fernandes 2007, p. Enjoy worship services together, talk to one another about dreams and visions for the future – your independent dreams and those you have together.
His cardigans and shoe swapping let me know things were going to be ok, and he liked me just the way I was. As Bolivar notes in our communication, he departed Angostura with his guerrilla army to fight the royalists to the west. In 1952, he published his third book, Choose Life: The Biblical Call to Revolt, which examined traditional Judaism. Truman himself even visited Stacks to learn more about the collection while Snyder was assembling it. Bush was the Director of CIA for one year before joining Reagan’s presidential ticket and serving two terms as vice president.
It was likely at this time that Grant gave his son some spending money (equivalent to about $4,000 in 2015).
Intermittent splashes smacked echoes off the walls, a frog croaked and some beast keened a cry we had never heard.
When I asked if they could intercede on our behalf, she said one had to apply in person, in Lisbon, and have connections. In fact, paw prints indicated that we had missed cornering another feral dog or fox in its lair. Surgically, it was a nightmare: I'd have to pry its head out, keep its neck extended, wedge open its powerful beak and finally thrust the treble barbs down its throat, so as to carefully extract their burr, without snagging them again! Finally, they agreed that one of them would walk parallel to us, down the fence-line, to let us in the distant gate. At our feet, frogs skipped like pebbles and painted turtles rowed earnestly in tangled water blossoms - all for the taking.
Unless you and I and all of us together add our voices to those of the Portuguese citizenry trekking down for a last look, and reclaim what is OURS! The story of the denunciation is from Bednarik (1994) and Simons in the New York Times (1994). Try to be the type of person worthy of their love and respect, instead of demanding it from them. Although Venezuela remained a captaincy of Spain, Bolivar ruled the Third Republic of Venezuela as a dictator until February 15, 1819, when the Second National Congress, held in Angostura, elected Bolivar president, leading to the unification of Venezuela and New Granada into the Republic of Gran Colombia. Gutkind sent a copy of the book to Einstein, who despite his frequent references to God and self-identification as a Jew, had stated that he did not believe in organized religion.
Truman was outraged by the theft, speculating that professional thieves had been hired by a coin collector. In 1988, he ran for the country’s highest office and defeated his Democratic rival Michael Dukakis, becoming the first sitting vice president since Martin Van Buren to be elected to the presidency! Even the Chauvet Cave, which was unknown, might have been threatened by the changing water table!
Unfortunately, Bednarik, who is one of the worlda€™s most encyclopedically informed, accomplished, and bold prehistorians, walked right into the trap.
Jorgea€™s utter dismissal of Bednarik was clearly motivated by the lattera€™s implicit condemnation of the way that Jorge had appropriated Rebandaa€™s earlier discovery at Mazouco, instigating Rebandaa€™s secrecy that was one component of the CA?a a€?cover-upa€? (Bednarik 1994, p. My brother Joshua and a fellow writer of his, Zygmunt Salkin, a member of the Anglo-Jewish press in America, came to meet me at the ship. Stacks appealed to collectors to donate coins to rebuild the collection and, after two years, the new collection was donated to the Truman Library. In spite of their exalted positions these are in reality the youngest, in one sense, of our regiments of disciplined horse,” (A History of the British Army, Volume 3, Fortescue). Later, Bednarik spear-headed another campaign to save a Portuguese rock-art assemblage from inundation a€“ this time behind a dam in the Guadiana Valley - and noted that a€?None of this helps the rock art of the Guadiana, condemned to inundation under billions of tonnes of lake sediment as the reservoir silts up over the next 70 yearsa€? a€“ again, my italics.
A classic caricature depicting the famed tenor in profile and signed in the lower right corner.
Written on a folded sheet of Truman’s personal stationery to his former Secretary of State DEAN ACHESON (1893-1971). A detailed quotation in black ink identified by Stravinsky as being from Perséphone and signed. A pristine sheet of fifteen Israeli stamps featuring Chagall’s stained glass window representing the Israeli tribe of Gad, signed and dated in blue ink on the upper margin. Sherman’s aide-de-camp in Europe later in the year before returning to his cavalry assignment in 1872. Do you think I'm such a fool as to invite the man who deprived me of the credit for my first discovery, to come see my greatest wonders if it wasn't because I needed all the allies I could get; if it wasn't because I even needed the universities to help save them. Ironically, the mandarin in Porto would come out smelling like roses for his campaign while the roles of several well-meaning prehistorians, if I may insist upon the word, were simplified so as to make them better scapegoats.
Written on his personal stationery to Holocaust survivor and activist ERNEST MICHEL (1923-?). To Budapest-born, Ohio distiller turned New York stock broker SAMUEL UNGERLEIDER (1885-1973).
A schedule of per diem payments for various ranks of the Horse Guards and Grenadier Guards. He went on to serve under General Custer during the Black Hills Expedition and fought several Indian wars on the frontier. First, because his dating system, which was based on determining the degree of micro-erosion undergone by a rock face, had been developed in Australia, where climate and geological conditions are different from Portugala€™s.
The first two pages of a heavily corrected draft of the president-elect’s news conference, his first public statement after his election victory. Following his military career he assisted his father in writing his memoirs and pursued his own political career, unsuccessfully running for New York’s secretary of state. Grant”) FREDERICK DENT GRANT (1850-1912), who has added his endorsement on the verso. He served as American ambassador to Austria-Hungary under Presidents Harrison and Cleveland and New York City police commissioner from 1894 to 1898, returning to the military during the Spanish-American and Philippine-American wars, and attaining the rank of major general in 1906 with the command of the Army’s Eastern Division.
This odd statement flies in the face of Bednarika€™s consistent defense of both the CA?aa€™s art and other assemblages, suggesting that it was a ploy to get the EDP to allow them to test their methods. A sepia head-and-shoulders portrait of Sickles in a military dress uniform by Sarony of New York. Even though both men concluded that their observations proved that the art was no older than the Neolithic, Bednarik did not repeat the notion, when announcing his results, that a relatively recent vintage diminished the arta€™s importance or the need to protect it a€“ quite the contrary.



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