Please give me some guidance onto how to calculate the curve (I don't know how to call it) at the sides of the yacht as show red in the attached picture.
A sheer curve is usually created by drawing it, either with a pencil on paper using a spline and weights; or on a computer with design software using numerical splines. Location: Italy (Garda Lake) and Croatia (Istria) Principles of yacht design explains pretty well the steps involved in designing a boat. Originally Posted by daiquiri Principles of yacht design explains pretty well the steps involved in designing a boat.
Cheers This is a good suggestion for someone who is already familiar with the basics of design and needs to learn about the specifics yacht design theory, tradeoffs and analysis. Someone who is not familiar with design should become comfortable with the basic design process before wading into the details of theory, trade-offs and analysis of boat design. Location: usa It determines itself , as it is a result of the confluence of many other considerations in the design. Location: Eustis, FL The sheer is visible in plan view, though often is called the deck or something else.
Location: Spain The sheer is visible in plan view but so is the chine or bulwark or bilge diagonals, among others. When making potentially dangerous or financial decisions, always employ and consult appropriate professionals. Originally Posted by Ad Hoc Therefore the figures of RMN, I assume is residuary resistance model, are 100% incorrect. Originally Posted by Alik We need to know more about source of this graph to make conclusions. I have another more complex spread sheet for when we do detailed analysis from a tank test, taking everything into account. Location: Italy (Garda Lake) and Croatia (Istria) Slightly off-topic AH, I have a question regarding your spreadsheet. However, there is a general consensus in the boat design community that the total engine power of a twin-engine ship will be higher than the engine power of a similar (same EHP) but single-engine hull. The difference is explained with the fact that a twin-engine installation will have smaller propellers (which are less efficient), which don't benefit the influence of the hull wake. Originally Posted by daiquiri So the question is: did you intentionally neglect this power increase and why? The spread sheet shown is calculating the bare hull resistance, at a given speed, the ?Total Drag (kN)?. The ?PC?, propulsive coefficient, is the delivered power, Pd, or SHP, divided by the EHP (naked). These data comes from endless previous designs and all with similar hull forms, and drive trains and displacements etc. We know from sea trails and measurements taken on board with strain gauges etc, and whether one or two props, or jets etc?we arrive at a PC which is ?common? amongst certain types of designs.
So, the PC value shown in the attached of 0.45?is for a twin installation prop boat of ?medium speed? of a round bilge semi-displacement hull.
Hence all the debate about adding %?ages for XXX or YYY?to me, a naval architect, matters little. Originally Posted by Ad Hoc It may not sit well with you and pure hydrodynamicists, but this is how naval architects establish quick reliable values of EHP. Once we know the correct displacement, we can measure the engine rpm and power from strain gauges and tachos. So we build up more and more data of facts which are used to establish what the true values are and in this way the ?unknowns?, as a percentage, become smaller.
If a brick, when towed indicates an EHP of 200 kW, with a drive train that has the props in say true open water efficiency, we use those efficiencies to arrive at the required installed power. The percentage of reliability comes from your own sources, such as hydrostatics, build tolerances, measuring the power on sea trails etc etc?.and then comparing against the predicated test tank data. If the speed achieved was 5knots, for the brick, clearly something somewhere his wrong with the data from the test tank.
This actually occurred to use some time ago?predicated speed was 32.5 knots, we got 37 knots. So, going back to your original question?.we use the same test tank facilities and methodologies. The amount of systematic errors in measuring data can easily account for up to anything from 2-5%. A bit different from Ad Hoc, we used to split PC into components such as: hull efficiency, wake factor, transmission efficiency, etc. We now have results from some expensive tests at one of the best-known towing tanks in Europe, and we have some good news and some bad news.
Originally Posted by Ad Hoc From a naval architects perspective the ?tolerances? are relatively straight forward. About 10 years ago I received a batch of papers written by some high profile Italian Naval Architects and ship-builders. If I find them in the morass of papers I have, I'll scan them for you as I believe they are quite rare.
HODJAPASHA ART and CULTURE CENTER,RUMI,The name Mevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi stands for Love and ecstatic flight into the infinite.
The Mevlevi, or Mevleviye, one of the most well-known of the Sufi orders, was founded in 1273 by Rumi's followers after his death, particularly his son, Sultan Veled Celebi (or A‡elebi, Chelebi) in Konya , from where they gradually spread throughout the Ottoman Empire. The Mevlevi Order is also linked to other Dervish orders such as the Qadiri (founded in 1165), the Rifa'i (founded in 1182), and the Kalenderis. Following a recommended fast of several hours, the whirlers begin to rotate on their left feet in short twists, using the right foot to drive their bodies around the left foot. The Mevlevi Sema Ceremony is proclamated as an INTANGIBLE WORLD HERITAGE in Traditional performing art social practices themes by UNESCO in October 2005. Boston Previous Member   which is why I posted lines of the Downeast hull form, so folks could get a clear image of the type of hull commonly associated with a lobster boat. If your using a hull form of a traditional lobster boat people just might refer to is as such, specially if the top sides and sheer also resemble the layout. Location: Flattop Islands Once again Boston you have posted a question that could be addressed by writing 3-4 books.
From Massachusetts to Nova Scotia there are hundreds of versions of Downeast Lobster Boat hulls, some good , some bad, some indifferent.
Understand that these boats are built to make money, everything else is just gravy, if they don't make money they are put out to pasture. Originally Posted by Tad Once again Boston you have posted a question that could be addressed by writing 3-4 books. A stretched version of White Pine will produce a very easily driven hull, if the weight is kept in check. I would imagine that often the boats are loaded down with pots only a few times a year, at least the inshore boats, the pots spending most of the time in the water. I?m in the process of setting myself up for retirement and part of the plan is to upgrade my boat.
I would like to be able to go across to Tasmania (120 - 450 nm depending on landfall chosen) or coastal hop up to the Great Barrier Reef and on to Darwin (longest leg I'd do around 450 nm).
I do like the looks of White Pine but think it may be a little slow (her max is listed as 15 knots and I'd like to have some in reserve). The production boats available in Australia do not ?tick all my boxes? so I am seriously looking at building here (importing is not very attractive at current exchange rates) and we have 3-4 competent wooden boat builders where I live so this seems like my best option.
If she's kept simple (light) you could expect 14 knots with about 120 HP at the prop and 12 knots with 73 HP. I got some feed back on onother forum that the down east hull is stable to a degree but in heavier seas its stability drops off fast.
I like the way the beam narrows toward the stern and I also like the ?raised? floor and kitchen up in the main cabin area. The head could be a fraction bigger so the ?shower? has a bit more room (I?d use this for hanging wet gear as well). Finally, last night I became aware of some select grade Alaskan Yellow Cedar planks (6? x 1? & 10? x 1?) that are available in near me, so I am thinking that this would be a good timber for planking the boat as I?m told it is light, strong and easy to work. She has a round bilge clinker planked marine plywood hull with an open wheelhouse and a lower cabin with moderate flare forward and good size cockpit deck, strongly raked stem, transom stern and hinged timber slatted marlin platform. There is a very long way between these educated guesses and the real life finished boat, but the expectations are roughly in the range of possible. The largest single weight in this boat will be the fuel load, so that capacity needs to be considered carefully. Location: Flattop Islands I'm also very jealous of the Yanmar engines available in Australia. A 60' hull that displaces 53,400 pounds will require 44 Hp at the prop for 9 knots in flat water, no bearing looses, alternator drag, no current, wind, waves, no bottom growth, no appendages, etc. Originally Posted by Tad I'm also very jealous of the Yanmar engines available in Australia. When you look at a boat, you have to remember that the hull is one of the most important parts . The boat hull acts as a balancer for your boat so there are a few rules to make sure you follow when designing and creating one. If you are inexperienced it would be better to design and build a hull that is simple, however you still have to be mindful of both the strength and weight. The design should have the center of buoyancy fixed some where about halfway between the stern and bows.
When you are designing the wall sided type of boat, always make sure that the degree of curving that you are incorporating at the sides of the boat is equal to the curvature of the base of the boat. Building boat hulls is not a big headache but these basic points have to be kept in mind if you want a perfect streamlined hull. The best would be if you could design boat hulls that will hold the ballast below the waterline at all times. Note: I HATE spam as much as you do and will never give out your email address to any third parties for any reason.
The loops of line on the four corners of the cart are used to strap baggage or the kayak to the cart,  and to attach the cart to the deck of the kayak. Previously I had built an experimental paddle out of carbon fiber and balsa that has been partially successful.
The blades of the paddle are very thin but were formed over an 8″ diameter tube to to give them strength. The conversion of the canoe I built into an outrigger sailing canoe got me hooked on outriggers, so I had to design and build a better one. The hull is once again symmetrical front to back so there are two identical bottom panels and four identical side panels. The panels are temporarily taped together with duct tape then glued together with thickened epoxy covered by a strip of fiberglass tape.


Next the inside of the hull is coated with epoxy and the floor of the cockpit is reinforced with a layer of fiberglass. After an hour of cutting with my old underpowered router I decided to send an AutoCAD file of the foils to my foam guy.
I peel the peelply off the foils and trim the excess fiberglass from the trailing edges on the tablesaw and the foils are perfectly shaped.
Since I sail in the San Francisco Bay and there aren’t many beaches, the crossbeams fold on the starboard side to make it easier to access docks. This boat is pretty fast when the wind picks up, and pretty wet – the leeboard kicks up a rooster tail. Once the side panels and bottom panel were epoxied together, the hull was ready to assemble.
Once the inside of the hull was sealed, the kayak was turned over and the exterior of the hull was fiberglassed. After the epoxy cured the kayak was turned over and the deck was trimmed even with the sheer clamps with a hand saw. I’ve now had the chance to test the Huck Finn Canoe several times, and I was definitely wrong about the stability.
I was also concerned about being able to get back in the boat after a wet exit, especially because of the deck height. I like designing and building things, so I decided to try to design a boat that I could build in two days with indigenous materials sustainably sourced near the headwaters of the Mississippi (you know – Home Depot in Minneapolis) and a few hand tools.
I’ve added bulkheads to the hull, front and rear decks, and framed the front hatch where my bike goes.
It is hard to take photos while applying epoxy, so this is a brief post on fiberglassing the inside of the hull and the bowboard slot. Thickened epoxy is applied to the top edges of the  side panels (which are actually the bottom edges since the hull is being built upside down) and the bottom panel is bonded to the side panels.
Location: Japan The best thing to do, which I still do today when i perform such analysis is to make it simple.
This gravy boat uses only 2 sheets of plywood The file includes a The 25 yr old file cabinet has been reborn to PDF only the old email address is wrong.
To simplify the process I'll tell you that generally you start with a boat like yours modifying her shapes to suit your preferences or what you need.
So I would suggest you to first read and try to understand all of it, and then eventually get back here with questions which didn't find an answer in the book. Engineering education typically does a much better job of teaching analysis than synthesis. My recommendation is to start with a careful reading of Chapter 1 of PYD, Design Methodology.
This simplified version, attached, is when we are just scaling up the design?.it is not rocket science. And I also see that the power of each engine is calculated as half of the total required engine power. Various authors claim various percentile increase, ranging from 10% to 25%, depending on hull type and speed.
It will also have a drag increase due to double propeller struts, shafting and (eventually) double rudders. For example, are you talking about plus or minus 20%, depending on which towing tank was used for the experiments and what protocols were used? If the results indicate the amount of power required is XXX kW, and on sea trails the speed is as predicated, this is considered a good result.
For example, the hull, is built according to a proper QA plan, thus the frames are checked for dimensional tolerances. This is compared against the test bed data from the engine supplier, again another cross reference.
Assuming the tank test data is ?correct?, the EHP values are used to estimate the speed with the now ?known? data. When on sea trails everything appears to ?work as predicated? we don?t bother scrutinising the data with a microscope. How we understand and mitigate this data comes from experience and trust with the test tank facility.
If they weren't so bad, we never would have suspected there was anything wrong with the data! For some reason, the papers (translated into perfect English) came via the Italian Embassy in Canberra. Rumi is one of the great spiritual masters and poetical geniuses of mankind and was the founder of the Mevlevi Sufi order, a leading mystical brotherhood of Islam. He is the Divine Voice giving the good news to those seeking beauty , truth , goodness , light and Divine Truth. Today, Mevleviye can be found in many Turkish communities throughout the world but the most active and famous places for their activity are still Konya and Istanbul. The Mevlevi Order was outlawed in Turkey at the dawn of the secular revolution by Kemal AtatA?rk in 1923.he Mevlevi Sema Ceremony Mevleviye are known for their famous practice of whirling dances. The body of the whirler is meant to be supple with eyes open, but unfocused so that images become blurred and flowing. Explore Old Istanbul, from the ancient tradition of the Turkish bath to the mystic Whirling Dervishes, from the Egyptian Spice Market to the trade secrets of the Silk Road linking Europe with China. No way they would be so popular among the fishermen if they were not well suited to it; not just the bay, but the open New England waters as well. I have recently joined the Royal Victorian Motor Yacht Club and this has given me the opportunity to look at a wide variety of boats and narrow down what I would like?.. I have looked at a locally built boat, a Cheviot 32, and it is lovely but just a bit to small for me, plus access to the bow is more difficult than I would like. Do you have any suggestions on how this design could be ?improved? to achieve (or exceed) these sort of targets while still meeting what I am after? The lower cabin has a kitchenette, a separate toilet with wash basin and two bench seats that have been set up to convert to a basic double berth.
If you have a poor design the boat will not be stable, will not float or could lean to one side.
John Teale a well known author various boating books, had said “Whatever you do with the hull, make sure that it keeps the buoyant center at the right point. Say you are designing a ballasted boat; make sure that the weight of the boat (the up-weight) is always forty to fifty percent greater than the weight of the ballast. So, boat hulls being the most important part of a boat, require the greatest attention and therefore pay heed to what type of hull you are building if you want a good boat. The Greenland paddle I made as part of the cart has ended up being one of my favorite paddles. The shaft was made by wrapping two layers of unidirectional carbon fiber, one layer of biaxial carbon fiber, and one layer of fiberglass around a 1″ aluminum tube that had four wraps of wax paper around it. It is heavy and strong, and works well with outrigger canoes that are sailed and only occasionally paddled. I am going to remove the foam from the center and pour epoxy with filler into the foils to add strength, but haven’t yet. The two halves of the hull are bolted together, The crossbeams are lashed to the main hull, and the floats are lashed to the crossbeams. I temporarily taped everything together with duct tape, then filleted all the joints with thickened epoxy and covered the fillet with a strip of fiberglass. Everything was allowed to cure overnight, and the next day the bulkheads were filleted and taped in place and the bulkheads and inside of the hull was sealed with epoxy. I ran the fiberglass past the ends of the bow and stern, then trimmed it even with the plywood once the epoxy gelled.
I used an external sheer clamp so the fiberglass on the deck could run over the sheer clamp and be trimmed even with its bottom edge. Then the kayak was turned right side up and the edge of the deck was rounded with a plane and rough sandpaper.
If I were smart I would fly to Minneapolis, buy a kayak, paddle to New Orleans, sell the kayak, and fly home. I then transfered the hull and panel layouts into AutoCAD where I completed the more detailed design drawings. The bottom panel is trimmed flush with the side panels, and all edges are given a slight radius so the fiberglass will drape over the hull properly. I was given a drawing of the ship but I'm really having difficulties on modeling the superstructure.
Sure, you may be able to import the file via dxf or iges into Ansys or Strand, but you shall have a model that is huge, in terms of number of lines and keypoints.
Timbre corpse the most park material for the construction of boats under xv metres in length. If so that book assumes the reader has some basic knowledge of boats, and concentrates on analysis rather than creating a design. You need to aim to be able to look at a lines drawing and understand the hull shape which is represented. These data are incorrect, since at such low Fn, the residuary cannot be that high, impossible! Furthermore, two smaller engines will be somewhat less thermodynamically efficient than a single big engine.
The finished fabricated hull is checked against the known 3D hull dimensions and the same hull is imported into a hydrostatic program. This was confirmed by running same model in several different tanks, with different result. If everything we have done indicates XXX and everything the test tank data suggest is YYY and the result is ZZZ and we get ZZZ or close enough?.we are happy. They were particularly critical of self-propelled model tests which they regarded as expensive and a complete waste of time. Rumi was born on 30 September 1207 in Balkh in present day Afghanistan to a family of learned theologians. The Mevlevi were a well established Sufi Order in the Ottoman Empire, and many of the members of the order served in various official positions of the Caliphate.
At their dancing ceremonies, or Sema, a particular musical repertoire called ayin is played.
The Sema takes place in a large circular-shaped room that is part of the mevlevihane building.
Each of these intimate half-day and full-day tours will immerse you in a unique aspect of Turkish history and culture.Get expert help choosing the best hotels for yor needs and budget for your stay in A°stanbul and Turkey, Fethiye, Antalya, Marmaris, Bodrum, A°zmir, Gaziantep, Canakkale, Cappadocia, Black Sea, Gallipoli, Ephesus, East Turkey. Brant rock ( well off the south shore ) has got so many buoys floating around it you could walk across em and its out in the middle of nowhere, definitely not protected water and we fixed plenty of boats that worked there. This essentially means that your boat will be streamlined and perfect for smooth, jerk reduced movement.


I may also add attachments so my spare paddle can be used as a crossbeam for small outriggers.
The construction method of the main hull is the same as for the kayak in the previous post. I also fiberglass the floor of the cockpit and a few inches up the sides to add strength in this area. The next day I sanded the ends, then wrapped two strips of fiberglass over each end, covered with waxed paper, and clamped boards over the waxed paper. In fact, when I tried to tip over to see if I could re-enter from the water, I had a hard time getting it to tip. The boat was practically dry inside when I turned it upright, and I was able to jump back in on the first try with no difficulty.
The mast is stepped on the deck and supported by a compression strut to the bow and a shroud to each side. Once you have these, you have all the information to describe the superstructure in its correct dimensions and scantlings. Then read through Chapter 2, Preliminary Considerations, but do not be concerned if some of the details are not fully understood. Other wise, his next post will have a profile and the question will be how to define the keel profile of bow rake or something. Escaping the Mongol invasion and destruction, Rumi and his family traveled extensively in the Muslim lands, performed pilgrimage to Mecca and finally settled in Konya, Anatolia, then part of Seljuk Empire. This is based on four sections of both vocal and instrumental compositions using contrasting rhythmic cycles and is performed by at least one singer, a flute-player (neyzen), a kettledrummer and a cymbal player. In all those areas in Turkey you can find different variations of tour programmes from walking tour to Full package tours according to our all budget guests.
I wanted something that could be used as a luggage cart and a kayak cart, and was lightweight and compact. After it cured I slid the shaft off of the aluminum tube, cut it to length, and clear coated it. The depth of the foils can be adjusted by raising and lowering them in the cassettes, and the cassettes rotate on the crossbeams so they kick-up if they hit something. One has to roll to about 80 degrees before it goes over – I think this is because of the high, flat sides. Of course we know the answer – Huck would hang out on an island until a raft floated by, jump on, and be on his way. I have moved the paddling position back into the pilothouse – decided shifting weight from position to position would not be practical. The lower portion will not be attached to the mast, but the luff will be reinforced so it can be tensioned. Select a set of preliminary dimensions and requirements but don't be too concerned about how good they are at this time. Since ?we? can confirm the data on ?our side? easily enough to reduce the amount of known?s to a minimum.
When his father Bahaduddin Valad passed away, Rumi succeeded his father in 1231 as professor in religious sciences.
There is also a Mevlevi monastery or dergah in Istanbul, near the Galata Tower, where the sema ceremony is performed and accessible to the public.During Ottoman Empire era, the Mevlevi order produced a number of famous poets and musicians such as Sheikh Ghalib, Ismail Ankaravi (both buried at the Galata Mevlevi-Hane) and Abdullah Sari.
The oldest musical compositions stem from the mid-sixteenth century combining Persian and Turkish musical traditions. In the 1950s, the Turkish government, began allowing the Whirling Dervishes to perform annually in Konya on the Urs of Mevlana, December 17, the anniversary of Rumi's death. With our professional team you will spend a nice and well organised holiday, TURKEY TOURS,tour,tours in istanbul,istanbul in tour,turkey tours,tours in turkey,istanbul hotels,istanbul hotel,hotels of turkey,anzac day tours,Tours in Istanbul,Welcome to Istanbul - Our company is recommended in Lonely Planet guide book & trusted since 2000.
On a very windy day while paddling from San Francisco to Oakland I broke a blade while trying to keep from broaching while surfing waves in a heavy sea canoe.  So the paddle is good for fast paddling on smooth water, but not acceptable for rough water. The underside of the deck was sealed with epoxy, and it was bonded to the hull with thickened epoxy.
We haven’t had much wind lately so I do not know how the wind will affect performance. Since I live nowhere near the Mississippi River this will not work for me, and anyway it is doubtful that derelict rafts are still as plentiful on the Mississippi as they were in Huck’s day.
In the sketch above the front view shows both mast sections and the full sail, while the side view shows one mast section and the top sail. This will allow the lower portion to be reefed around the boom or raised from inside the pilothouse as there will be no need to deal with collars, sail slugs or a bolt rope. Rumi 24 years old, was an already accomplished scholar in religious and positive sciences.The mevlevi brotherhood is founded completely on love and tolerance. He teaches that every thing is within the human being and that the whole universe is under man's command.Mevlana is a great lover of the Divine Truth.
Music, especially the ney, play an important part in the Mevelevi order and thus much of the traditional "oriental" music that Westerners associate with Turkey originates with the Mevlevi order. The repertoire was continuously broadened, and the first notations were made from the early twentieth century onwards. The portion of the sail above the gaff will be the storm sail and will rarely be rolled onto the boom.
For OffCenterHarbor we are not restricting the resulting PDF so members can download and print atomic number 85 leave but and Anne Bray's sauceboat Plans at occult Seaport 1 never Simple woods sauceboat. Indeed, if one buys a CD of Turkish Sufi music, chances are it will be Mevlevi religious music. They performed in France, for Pope Paul VI, and at the Brooklyn Academy of Music and other venues in the United States and Canada - under the direction of the late Mevlevi Shaikh Suleyman Hayati Dede.
When the top sail is rolled onto the boom, it will unclip from the sliding collars as it rolls onto the boom. During the Ottoman period, the Mevlevi order spread into the Balkans, Syria, and Egypt (and is still practiced in both countries where they are known as the Mawlawi order). Many practitioners kept their tradition alive in private gatherings, and thirty years later, the Turkish government began to allow performances again, though only in public. The Bosnian writer Mesa Selimovic wrote the book Death and the Dervish about a Mevlevi dergah in Sarajevo.
From the 1990s, restrictions were eased and private groups re-emerged who try to re-establish the original spiritual and intimate character of the Sema ceremony. Calligraphy Lesson in Istanbul,Ottoman - Turkish Calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the art of writing, and by extension, of bookmaking. He is prejudiced toward none because he knows that everything is the manifestation and actualization of God and he reflects this as a spritual state to the mind and heart of man Mevlana is asuperior and saintly master . Just as the ocean can only fill the jug to its capacity , so mevlana can only fit into words and our perception in proportion to our capacity .
He is a monument to spritually who , through his sublimity , displayed his moral values , his knowledge , wisdom love , intelligence , perception of God , behaviour , everything . His is the true representative of the prophets , the highest element and realization of love and intelligence.
Choose love that you might be a chosen one."To give up one's own existence and become non-existent in God , th is , to bind ones's heart completely to God , is shortest way to God . Photo Safari Tour in Istanbul ,Istanbul is an enchanting city of ancient beauty and modern charm . In this way that person no longer acts in accordance with his ego , doing the bad things that would cause harm to others. Each year thousands of people from the far corners of the world, travel to Konya in response to Mevlana's call of 735 years ago: "Come, come again, whoever you are, come!Heathen, fire worshipper or idolatrous, come! Real Whirling Dervish Ceremony in Istanbul,We will take you Fatih and Silivrikapi Monestries in Istanbul , Sufism Speech with Dervish EROLKnown to the west as Whirling Dervishes, the Mevlevi Order was founded by Mevlana Rumi in the 13th century. Mevlana's books are translated to many languages and are among the best selling books of their sort all over the world. At present, Mevlana, better known there as Rumi, is the "best selling poet" in United States of America. The Essential Rumi by Coleman Barks has sold more than a quarter of a million copies and is one of the top 1000 best selling books at Amazon. It is by far the largest selling poem book ever!Sufism is a mystical Muslim school of thought and aims to find love and knowledge through direct personal experience of Allah. Sufism, often referred to as the mystical dimension of Islam, was formerly understood in Orientalist scholarship as a spiritual movement that reached its apogee during the medieval period of Islamic history, with its crowning achievement being the brilliant literary productions in Arabic and Persian that became the classics of the Sufi tradition. Some Sufis (primarily in "the West") are involved with other religions, or no formal religion -- as directed by the higher source of wisdom within the human heart. Shopping Tour in Istanbul,Shopping Tour is one of our most requested tours for the people who wants to nice & unique things for themselves or for the friends, relatives etc.
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The Order wrote of tolerance, forgiveness, and enlightenment.Istanbul Day Tours, Istanbul city tours, Sultanahmet Tours, Walkig Tours in istanbul, Art Tours in istanbul, walking tours in istanbul, group tours in istanbul, private tours in istanbul, hire a guide in istanbul, off the paths tour in istanbul, excursions in istanbul, ottoman tour, byzantine tour in istanbul, classical sightseeing tours in istanbul Swimming Tour in Istanbul,Kilyos is a small Black Sea village which is surrounded by green forests.
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Jewish community have lived in the geographic area of Asia Minor for more than 2,400 years. In the later Middle Ages, Ashkenazi Jews migrating to the Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire supplemented the original Jewish population of Asia Minor. At the end of the 15th century, a large number of Sephardic Jews fleeing persecution in Spain and Portugal settled in Asia Minor on the invitation of the Ottoman Empire.
Despite emigration during the 20th century, modern day Turkey continues a Jewish population.The present size of the Jewish Community is estimated at around 26,000 according to the Jewish Virtual Library. The vast majority live in Istanbul, with a community of about 2,500 in A°zmir and other smaller groups located in the rest of Turkey.
We can show you the photogenic side of Istanbul - the mesmerizing blur of dervishes in their whirling dance, the dazzle of the wares of the bazaar, the delicate beauty of long-forgotten gems of classical architecture hidden in the maze of city streets, the serene faces of old men relaxing in the smoke-filled haze of a teahouse, birds-eye views of Istanbula€™s scenic panoramas. Calligraphy is especially revered among Islamic arts since it was the primary means for the preservation of the Qur'an.Ottoman Turkish calligraphy is associated with geometric Islamic art on the walls and ceilings of mosques as well as on the page. It was invented by Housam Roumi and reached its height of popularity under SA?leyman I the Magnificent. We will transfer to your hotel MINA Hotel, 3 Days Special Hotel and Tour Reservation in Istanbul,4 Days Special Hotel and Tour Reservation in Istanbul,3 Days Yoga Tour in Istanbul,You will be able to learn the basic or advance techniques about yoga and have a nice time during your visit in istanbul .



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