Viking longships were used by Scandinavian mariners for everything from commerce to exploration to warfare. The characteristic long, narrow, light, graceful design of the longship created a fast vessel, capable of speeds up to 15 knots, although average speeds were between five and 10 knots.
Our Viking longship plan comes from Ancient and Modern Ships by Sir George Charles Vincent Holmes, published in 1906. In addition to the strong oak keel, Viking longships had framing ribs, however the ribs were more to give the hull its shape than to provide strength, as they did in later European ship construction.
The hull was constructed in clinker fashion, with one hull plank overlapping the plank below it by about 1 inch. The planks are tied to the floors with tree roots, with the very end of the planks fastened to the floors with iron rivets. Seven inch by four inch beams rest on the thicker shelf strake and the tops of the floor ends. The mast step is an oak beam 11 feet long, 19 inches wide and 14 inches deep that can be seen in figures 23 and 25. The mast partners are in the form of another oak beam 16 feet long 38 inches wide and 14 inches deep that is fastened to the piece extending vertically from the mast step.


The rudder is a steering oar hung by a rope that passes through a chock on the starboard side of the ship near the stern. The extreme bow and stern of the ship are reconstructed on the plan, as they had disintegrated by the time the grave site was excavated, but it appears to have had considerable sheer based on the curvature of the planks toward the ends of the ship. I am trying to download the HD plans and am not able to find a button that will allow that to happen. The legendarily beautiful craft, some adorned with fearsome dragon figureheads, plied the waters of the North Atlantic and beyond. Books Mission:We create extraordinary books for our publishing partners worldwide, anticipating their needs and exceeding their expectations.
With roots in the stone age, longship design reached its zenith between the 9th and 13th centuries. The typically shallow draft hull allowed the longship to sail into shallow coastal waters and up rivers.
They are fastened to the planking by knees fastened with treenails to the top face of the beam and as far up the planking as the oar strake. The mast partner rests on a sole about 4 inches thick that is grooved to fit over the beams as the step is over the floors.


Paired with a 48-page book about Viking ships, culture, and history, the model kit includes paper punch-out pieces, plastic parts, thread for the rigging, and instructional booklet, and lets readers recreate a Viking longship replica over two feet long. Longships sported a series of oars nearly the entire length of the boat, and a rectangular sail.
Rather than sawing them, Vikings split them from a log, creating a stronger plank than a similar thickness sawn plank. With its symmetrical bow and stern, the ship could easily reverse course without turning around.
This particular smaller Viking longship was discovered in 1880 in a grave at Gokstad near Sandefjord at the entrance of the Fjord of Christiana. The mast rests at the forward end of this slot, and is held in place with a slab of wood filling the rest of the slot like a key.
To lower the mast, the key is removed and the forestay loosened, allowing the mast to fall aft.



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