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During the great ice storm of December 2013, 4-6 December, SML taught at the Fort Worth Police Academy. SML Contracted To Appear As An Expert Witness-Early December saw SML appear as an expert witness in northern Ohio. SML Attends IACP Convention-Mid-October saw SML attend the IACP convention in Philadelphia, PA. Of specific interest was laser guns that take such pictures and accompanying video that allows for a tracking history. Major Texas City To Use Adopt A School Zone Program-A major Texas city will be taking advantage of i??i??the Adopt A School Zone program.
SML Cancels Appearance At Annual New Mexico Chiefs Of Police Convention-SML contacted authorities at the New Mexico Chiefs Of Police Convention scheduled for 10-12 December 2013 telling them that road conditions did not permit SML to travel to the Albuquerque event.
SML Attends IACP Convention-Mid-October saw SML attend the IACP convention in Philadelphia, PA.A  SML attends the annual convention as it is an Associate Member of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. Of specific interest was laser guns that take such pictures and accompanying video that allows for a tracking history.A  This has been done for over a decade with radar guns tied to dash cam video systems. Major Texas City To Use Adopt A School Zone Program-A major Texas city will be taking advantage of the Adopt A School Zone program. Published-This quarter saw SML published in two national police publications, Police and Security News and The Police Journal. The second research project published in The Police Journal was the legal abolishment of environmental i??speed limits by the titled Environmental Speed Limits: Gone.
Student Testimonials-We teach on average once a month at law enforcement agencies nationally.
SML Teaches At Fort Bliss For A Second Time-SML again taught at Fort Bliss, Texas on 5-7 August 2013.
SML Assists Prosecutora€™s Office-SML served this Texas Prosecutora€™s Office in September 2013 as an i??Court recognized expert witness in a recent radar trial. SML Teaches At Temple, Texas-September 3-5, 2013 saw SML teach the NHTSA compliant curriculum to officers from several different departments at the facilities of the Temple Police Department.
Considerable national and state law demands the probable cause for making a traffic stop for speeding is the officera€™s estimation that the target vehicle was speeding. The Grand Prairie, TX Police Department Selects To Sponsor SML Training-The Grand Prairie Police Department contacted SML in sponsoring a Master Radari?? Laser Instructor Certification course scheduled for 21-23 January 2014. The second research project published in The Police Journal was the legal abolishment of environmental speed limits by the titled Environmental Speed Limits: Gone. SML Assists Prosecutora€™s Office-SML served this Texas Prosecutora€™s Office in September 2013 as an Court recognized expert witness in a recent radar trial. The Grand Prairie, TX Police Department Selects To Sponsor SML Training-The Grand Prairie Police Department contacted SML in sponsoring a Master Radar Laser Instructor Certification course scheduled for 21-23 January 2014. Final grades were averaged among scores from pre and post instructional testing, class participation, field estimations of speeds and distances and the studenta€™s final, formal presentations.
SML Published-The summer 2010 issue of The Police Journal published SMLa€™s article Going To Court In Radar And Laser Trials. Houston We Have A Problem-Some 100 radar guns were taken out of service by the Harris County Constables after media reported officers had received little or no training on the operation of the radar i??speed enforcement systems. SML Contracted To Teach At Sheppard Air Force Base-SML has received confirmation that it will be teaching the NHTSA recommended Master Radar Laser Instructor Course to the Air Police at Sheppard Air Force Base in Wichita Falls. Enforcing City-Wide Bans Article To Be Published-SML has researched the use of hand held cell phones while driving in cities with and without city-wide cell phone bans during the first half of 2010 with the assistance of local law enforcement agencies. A A A  Final grades were averaged among scores from pre and post instructional testing, class participation, field estimations of speeds and distances and the studenta€™s final, formal presentations.A  An average of 90% among the four grading criteria is required for instructor certification. A A  Officer Leonard Redhorse received SMLa€™s TOP GUN Award as being the top student in the class.
SML Published-The summer 2010 issue of The Police Journal published SMLa€™s article Going To Court In Radar And Laser Trials.A  SML serves many federal, state, and local courts as a court recognized expert witness in law enforcement use of radar and laser speed enforcement systems. Houston We Have A Problem-Some 100 radar guns were taken out of service by the Harris County Constables after media reported officers had received little or no training on the operation of the radar speed enforcement systems.
Statement of Transition-Wea€™ve been teaching NHTSA compliant instruction on Operator and Instruction Certification for the use of police radar and laser guns at law enforcement agencies for more than ten years.
We began April teaching at the request of the Battleground Washington Police Agency in Battleground, WA. Field activities were hindered by consistent rain which is typical for this part of the country. SML Test Temperature Of Radar Guns-During June of 2014 SML tested the maximum temperature of police radar guns. The Most Important Police Radar And Laser Court Questions-This eight page document contains the most commonly asked sixteen questions of officers while on the witness stand. SML Published-The summer 2014 issue of The Police Journal published nationally SMLa€™s research article Evidence of Speeding.
In the picture to the left was taken from a state police vehicle in 2003 showing such an interface with the Decatur Electronics radar gun interfaced to a MPH video system.i?? The target vehicle, an old Astro van, was traveling at 85 mph and the patrol vehicle with the system was at 62 mph. SML Testifies For Several Courts-SML was and hasi?? been called to testify as a court recognized expert witness for the prosecution by several courts. SML Teaches At Clifton, AZ-During the summer of 2014 SML taught the standard, NHTSA Compliant Radar Operator course to the traffic division of the Clifton, AZ police department. SML Attends ETATS Committee Of The IACP-June 2014 saw SML attend the semi-annual meeting of the Electronic Technology Advisory Technical Sub-Committee of the International Association of Chiefs of Police attended by representatives of NHTSA in Branson, MO. SML Teaches At The East Texas Police Academy-During the period SML taught the standard NHTSA police radar and laser gun Instructor Course at the facility located at Kilgore College in Kilgore, TX. Students were required to establish a valid visual tracking history recording the estimates of fifty vehicle speeds and distances. Each student was required to make a ten (10) minute presentation to the class of topics covered during the instruction.
In the picture to the left was taken from a state police vehicle in 2003 showing such an interface with the Decatur Electronics radar gun interfaced to a MPH video system.A  The target vehicle, an old Astro van, was traveling at 85 mph and the patrol vehicle with the system was at 62 mph. SML Testifies For Several Courts-SML was and has been called to testify as a court recognized expert witness for the prosecution by several courts. The case involved the i??Ohio State Police and the court had not given judicial notice for the use of laser guns in that jurisdiction. SML has been asked to bid on a program that involves sponsorship of school zones by private businesses.
Students i??were required to i??estimate the speed and distance of fifty estimations each at the local airport with help from the Emporia Police Department. The case involved the Ohio State Police and the court had not given judicial notice for the use of laser guns in that jurisdiction.
It sits on the ETATS committee that in part sets performance specifications for the operation of radar and laser systems. The Kustom Signals, Inc LaserCam IIA® and the Laser Technology Incorporated, LTI, accomplish such tasks.
Students were required to estimate the speed and distance of fifty estimations each at the local airport with help from the Emporia Police Department. The first publicationa€™s research titled, i??Speed Enforcement Equipment Testing looked at laser guns shot through the windshield and compared their range to the same laser shot outside the vehicle. The Texas Legislature passed in their House Bill 1365, amended the Texas Transportation Code A§545.353(j), Section 25 and told authorities no environmental speed limits were to be allowed in Texas. SML was contracted to teach the NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to military police of the i??93D Military Policei?? Battalion at the installation. Four categories i??are assessed for a passing score of 360 or 90% of the total of 400 potential points.
Graduates of the course are Certified to teach Operators and Master Instructors using the Law Enforcement Services LLC curriculum or those approved by SML.
A new California law prohibits radar and laser equipment manufacturers from submitting bids on re-certification of their equipment. The first publicationa€™s research titled, Speed Enforcement Equipment Testing looked at laser guns shot through the windshield and compared their range to the same laser shot outside the vehicle. SML was contracted to teach the NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to military police of the 93D Military Police Battalion at the installation. Four categories are assessed for a passing score of 360 or 90% of the total of 400 potential points. Field exercises mandated officers be able to estimate speeds of vehicles as many courts require i??the officer to establish a valid visual tracking history prior to substantiate their observation with a radar or laser gun reading. Department Of Justice Expert Witness Testimony-The United States Department of Justice called on SML in August 2010 to provide expert witness testimony in a wrongful death suit brought by the survivora€™s estate against officera€™s action in a deadly pursuit. Students were also required to compute a speed field study to the 85th percentile using a speed display furnished by SML.A  Students recorded the speeds of 100 vehicles with no speed display present and then recorded the speeds of 100 vehicles when a speed display attached to a SML vehicle was used. Department Of Justice Expert Witness Testimony-The United States Department of Justice called on SML in August 2010 to provide expert witness testimony in a wrongful death suit brought by the survivora€™s estate against officera€™s actionA  in a deadly pursuit.A  The pursuit involved the use of police radar guns as well as established pursuit procedures. The i??Instructor Certification Course was taught to some fourteen different departments including the i??Unites States Navy and Canada. NHTSA and IACP (International Association of Chiefs of Police) recommend students be re-certified every three (3) years or consistent to their departmental, written policy of re-certification of officers and equipment. In the picture you can see the Stalker 2X with a temperature of 125E™ F with a i??hand held temperature gauge. The article looks at the history of using dash-cam video systems tied to i??radar guns by many police agencies to produce evidence of speeding for the courts. Now, current laser guns introduced recently at the IACP Annual Convention show the same with the Chevrolet HHR traveling at a speed of 42 mph in a 30 mph speed zone. I see no difference between manually connecting radar with dash-cam video systems, which has been for decades, and the development of laser guns that manually take pictures.
SML testified for the Jefferson County Municipal Court, Wisconsin in a speeding trial involving a laser gun.
Getting word of SMLa€™s appearance the Greenlee County Sheriffa€™s Department sent officers to be trained. If your department doesna€™t have a written statement, and chances you dona€™t or it is not current, find out what the state police are doing in your state for officer certification and equipment re-certification.


The Instructor Certification Course was taught to some fourteen different departments including the Unites States Navy and Canada.
In the picture you can see the Stalker 2X with a temperature of 125E™ F with a hand held temperature gauge.
The article looks at the history of using dash-cam video systems tied to radar guns by many police agencies to produce evidence of speeding for the courts. The final day had to be postponed until 23 December when the attendees gave their ten i??minute presentation to the class. The court recognized SML as an expert witness and gave judicial notice to the use of laser in the jurisdiction. This has been done with Rest Areas being sponsored by forward thinking communities along interstates. The final day had to be postponed until 23 December when the attendees gave their ten minute presentation to the class.
Unique to the new LTI TruSpeedA® Sx binocular system is the easy interface with a smart phone that is already equipped to take still and video images. Considerable research abounds from other state DOT and Federal authorities saying regardless of the posted speed limit, drivers drive the speed they feel safe and reasonable. Although we give out an evaluation i??sheet as part of our instruction, it is great to have students take the time and effort to write. A considerable effort was made to have students establish a Valid Visual Tracking History consistent with federal protocol and NHTSA recommendations.
Once the defendant heard that the Prosecutora€™s Office was presenting an expert witness, he asked the Court for a continuance of the trial. The four categories are class participation, presentation (graded by fellow students), field exercises, and final post instruction 100 question testing.
A confirmation of the officers estimation is confirmed by the reading of the traffic radar or laser gun. TCLOSE (Texas Commission on Law Officers Standards and Education) awards credit for attendance for such instruction using their number #2054. Although we give out an evaluation sheet as part of our instruction, it is great to have students take the time and effort to write. The media report also found radar guns, tuning forks, and officers had not been re-certified per state directives, i.e.
Sponsoring agencies get one no charge enrollment if ten students sign up for the course and two no charge slots if the number is twenty. The 2X is unique with its front and rear antenna and ita€™s distinctive display showing the speeds of vehicles in all four directions. SML consulted with the Marysville, OH prosecutor in another another speeding case involving the use of a laser gun. Field exercise were key to the training having students i??estimate the speeds and distances of fifty vehicles in each category. SML was assisted by SML staff member Craig Pittman during the instruction.i?? A female officer used the ProLaser III from Kustom Signals Inc. As part of the curriculum, each student was required to give a ten minute presentation on the topic covered in the class.
Field exercise were key to the training having students estimate the speeds and distances of fifty vehicles in each category. During the trial, SML noticed the Ohio State Police were mounting their radar antennas externally by the light bar.
Individual participating schools will construct a budget for signs, radar displays, personnel, and painting of school zone boundaries.
All new laser guns can record speed and distance of a target vehicle through the windshield. Environmental Speed Limits were established in metropolitan areas of Texas by those entities desiring to comply with the Federal Clean Air Act. Students were required to bring with them to class the Instruction Manual of the radar or laser system they were using including tuning forks in the case of radar guns. He had asked under Discovery, the certification of the radar, the certification of the tuning forks, who performed the re-certification of the equipment, how many tickets had the officer written with the radar gun and asked for a copy of the Instructora€™s Manual of the radar gun. Students were allowed to select the topic of their presentation The sponsoring department is allowed on free slot for each ten (10) students enrolled. The individual department training coordinator will submit the hours, which are 24 hours, to TCLOSE. He had asked under Discovery, the certification of the radar, the certification of the tuning forks, who performed the re-certification of the equipment, how many tickets had the officer written with the radar gun and asked for a copy of the Instructora€™s Manual of the radar gun.A  The Instructora€™s Manuals of some radar guns contain proprietary data and may not be disseminated as is clearly stated on the opening pages of the Instruction Manual. The individual department training coordinator will submit the hours, which are 24 hours, to TCLOSE.A  Reservations for the course are handled by SML with its phone number appearing the flyer. Some 300 Sheriffs and staff from California, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado, and Texas attended. The suspect fled the scene although police had correctly used Code 3 procedures, and eluded officers resulting in a fatal crash. The cell phone ban cities are using tint meters and laser guns that take pictures of offenders to help enforce local ordinances.A A  Cities using photo enforcement already have the legal judicial notice for such use.
Key to our instruction and nation-wide court decisions, was the students ability to establish a Valid Visual Tracking History. The fast lock feature of the display as the fastest of opposite lane approaching locked at 55 mph and the rear same lane locked at 47 mph.
Like the Laser Technology Inc., TruCamA® a tracking history of the suspect vehicle may be transferred to video by the laser guns. The courts and attorney generals of states are not current with the technological developments in the police speed enforcement industry. Recently, SML received a Subpoena to appear in a municipal court in Virginia that involves a moving radar gun. The courts have continually said nationally the probable cause for making any traffic stop is the Valid Visual Tracking History (VVTH) of the officer. All student passed and the TOP GUN AWARD was presented to Officer Todd Young as the student with the score of 399.92, top student in the class. In Canada, this is done country-wide with lime green paint being affixed to curbs that delineate the begin and end points of school zones.
A Kustom Pro Laser III was used to determine the speeds and distances of the target vehicles as the department had a model of the ProLaser III. Of specific interest is to ascertain the sales of radar and laser speed enforcement systems. It takes advantage of existing technology to accomplish the task of a€?evidence of speedinga€?. We further verified the accuracy of the speed readings comparing VASCAR (Vehicle Average Speed Computer And Recorder), radar and laser guns set in the a€?stop watcha€? modes. They were also to bring with them to the class the re-certification documents of the radar guns and laser guns as is ask for in many radar and laser trials.i?? Students were required to conduct an 85th % study as part of the curriculum doing it manually. A concentrated effort was made with officers in estimating speeds and distances of vehicles on Interstate 35. We further verified the accuracy of the speed readings comparing VASCAR (Vehicle Average Speed Computer And Recorder), radarA  and laser guns set in the a€?stop watcha€? modes. El Paso, TX and Las Cruces, NM have had great success in the reduction of hand held cell phones by drivers.
SML has combined a listing of requirements from all fifty states on the training and re-certification of equipment including tuning forks. United States Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood in a meeting of 21 September 2010 alluded to a national ban on hand held cell phone use similar to national mandates of seat belt legislation.A  States were encouraged to enforcement such seat belt use legislation under the threat of withholding federal highway funds. Many times defense attorneys call SML desiring to have SML appear as a court recognized expert witness.
SML has testified in some fifty trials nationally and charges the manufacturer or the court in preparation and testimony fee.
Therei?? are several steps to the VVTH which were reviewed by the instructor including the suspect vehicle was over the posted speed limit, listening to the Doppler audio of the radar gun, checking the patrol speed of the as reported by the speedometer compared to that of the radar gun. A total passing score of 360 points was necessary to have students attain 90% of the potential 400 points.
There are several steps to the VVTH which were reviewed by the instructor including the suspect vehicle was over the posted speed limit, listening to the Doppler audio of the radar gun, checking the patrol speed of the as reported by the speedometer compared to that of the radar gun.
A Before and After study will be conducted at a selected elementary school, a middle school, and a high school in the district. An Emporia Police Department Charger was used in addition to a Lyon County Sheriffa€™s Department Ford Explorer for the field exercise. This year the emphasis was the use of laser guns that take pictures of infractions for court use for a€?evidence of speedinga€?. A Before and After study will be conducted at a selected elementary school, a middle school, and a high school in the district.A  The Before study will look at the speed limit compliance with posted speed limits when the school zone is active. In many cases, they were on interstate highways with a posted speed limit of 75 mph and were posted at 60 mph. One of the students was identified to use the Kustom ProLaser III with Kustoma€™s LaserStat computer program to show the students how quickly such a study could be conducted without manually entering the figures.
SML used the instructional manual of Understanding Police Traffic Radar And Laser, Library of Congress # 98-87615 with accompanying PowerPoint CD. Laser use by law enforcement is dramatically increasingly as it can pinpoint one vehicle in a group and now with inclement weather mode can be operated inside the vehicle through the windshield by officers. Unfortunately, the fleeing suspect died at the scene after a head on collision with an approaching vehicle. Senator John McCain.A  Training officers from the various departments were in attendance and sought SMLa€?s advice on NHTSA and state training requirements for the operation of police radar and laser guns. USDOT issued similar mandates to states when determining alcohol BAC levels of .08% for DUI enforcement.
The TruCam is also capable of producing video documentation which is easily downloaded from the laser gun.
Tisdale said it best in its summary that came from the Court of Appeals, Eighth District, Cuyahoga, Ohio, May 2008.


This final score was tabulated involving four categories being: post-instruction testing, class participation, ten minute presentation, and field activities.
The classwork was consistent with NHTSA recommendations of 24 hours of classroom instruction for Master Radar Laser Instructor Certification. The field activity of estimations of speed and distance is essential in establishing a Valid Visual Tracking History substantiated by a radar or laser gun reading. An After study will look at the same school zones after posting a radar displays, increased signage, or improved painting in the school zone and the percentage of drivers adhering to the speed limit.A  Solicitations will be made to the community to fund those devices or strategies that are effective.
Of the total runs, only three times did the speeds of the three devices show the same speed. These organizations thought merely posting the Environmental Speed Limits signs would mean compliance.
The Military Police Battalion already has Kustom ProLaser III laser guns that can be used for such a study. One of the students operated the Kustom Laser Stat program with a Kustom ProLaser III attached.A  This was done to show students how they can conduct 85th% study using their existing equipment.
Attending officers were required to present to the class a formal presentation on the topic of their choice which was graded by fellow class members. This report questioned all fifty state police training academies for particular requirements.A  NHTSA recommends training programs and standards to the states and local jurisdictions. Expect the federal government to issue similar notification to states regarding the use of handheld cell phone while driving. Operator training consumes one day from 8-5 at a cost of $150.00 per student with a minimum of five students. Probable Cause for any traffic stop must first be based on a Valid Visual Tracking History followed by confirmation of speed by a radar or laser gun. The 2X features a stop watch mode with allows jurisdictions limiting the use of radar to function as a VASCAR (Vehicle Average Speed Computer And Recorder) device with time from point to point.
The Kustom Signals, Inc LaserCam 4 has a commercially available SD card to image the suspect target vehicle with provisions made for protection of the evidence.
It said, a€?However, it now appears that Ohio courts may have fallen behind in the technological advancements in the industry. SML has contacted all fifty state police academies and has a list of what is taught at them.
Proper re-certification requires a large, and I mean large, investment in equipment and personnel.
Strong emphasis was made of the necessity of a written, publicly available statement of use of police radar and laser guns including recertification of officers and equipment. Each successful student was given both wall and billfold certificates entitling them to teach both Master Instructors and Operators of radar and laser based speed enforcement systems. In the classroom setting, the importance of using the correct tuning fork that accompanied the radar gun model was demonstrated. According to USDOTa€™s Traffic Safety Facts, Speeding is the second leading cause of death and injuries on Texas and national highways. SML lookedi?? at some 2,933 vehicles several years ago, six months ago, and in early September 2013 using a Kustom ProLaser III police laser gun tied to a laptop computer using Kustoma€™s LaserStat program that automatically give us the 85th %, average speed of the sample, and compliance rate of the sample.
Kustoma€™s LaserStat program is facilitated by the addition of a cord between the laser gun and the laptop computer. SML looked at some 2,933 vehicles several years ago, six months ago, and in early September 2013 using a Kustom ProLaser III police laser gun tied to a laptop computer using Kustoma€™s LaserStat program that automatically give us the 85th %, average speed of the sample, and compliance rate of the sample.
Other teaching engagements are scheduled for the remainder of 2013 with Fort Polk, LA and New Mexico departments. These recent and precedent setting court decisions are of great assistance to officers and prosecutors in assuring the court and the public that officers properly use and test speed measurement systems in speeding trials. It is not a matter of a€?ifa€? the federal government will issue such restrictions, but a€?whena€?.A  According to USDOT, Traffic Safety Facts, cell phone use and texting has now become the number #3 cause of accidents and fatalities in the county. The time again has come for Ohio courts to review requirements to prove a case of speeding based on the reading of the speed measuring device. Many departments use the recommended requirements of the state police academy as individual departments should have a written statement of use of radar and radar gun of that department including officer and equipment recertification. Choose a re-certification company that has a Federal Communications Commission, FCC, licensed technician. Many departments find such teaching important as they must continually find officers who have attended the NHTSA compliant instruction. In response to this cancer possibility the Occupational Safety And Health Act (OSHA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) at the urging of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) found that, a€?In sum, the assessment found that even with continuous exposure, no measurements at the aperture of the antennas of all devices tested exceeded the acceptablei?? OSHA levels.
Students were told to keep their completed speed and distance form for court use in the future. In response to this cancer possibility the Occupational Safety And Health Act (OSHA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) at the urging of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) found that, a€?In sum, the assessment found that even with continuous exposure, no measurements at the aperture of the antennas of all devices tested exceeded the acceptable OSHA levels. Students were required to make a fifteen (15) minute presentation that was graded by other class members as a requirement for graduation.
Increasingly, citizens are challenging speeding tickets and requiring officers to make court appearances.A  The article provides departments and officers a step by step approach in preparing for such court appearances.
Increasingly, Courts and the public are questioning not only training requirements of the officers but operation of the systems in accordance with the Operatora€™s Manual of the specific radar or laser system. It has been 50 years since the Ohio Supreme Court last addressed the issue.a€? Chances are that if you get a speeding ticket your judge has not operated nor seen a police radar or laser gun.
Further, tests were conducted by mounting radar units in patrol cars to see if microwave energy reflected off the windshield and thereby exposed the occupants of the vehicle.
Such a controlled field test has not been conducted since 1998 as directed by the New Jersey Superior Court, Judge Reginald Stanton in the Counta€™s attempt to issue judicial notice for Court acceptance of laser speed readings.
Considerable time and money was and is spent on posting the speed limits that no one obeyed. Utilization of visual aids was highly recommended during the fifteen (15) minute student presentations.
Texas Transportation Institute, University of Nebraska, and the University of Kansas as reported in other national studies. There is an approved listing of current production models and those no longer in production. One of the participating Chiefs of Police gave his ten minute classroom presentation on the necessity of such a written document.
There were no measurable amounts of microwave energy anywhere in the drivera€™s seat or the front passengera€™s seat. All of the military police students passed the NHTSA recommended curriculum which consists of twenty-four (24) hours of classroom instruction. Performance standards of radar and laser systems must comply with the following federal documents:A  DOT HS 809 812 for radar and DOT HS 809 811 for laser. Pictured to the left is the presentation of one of the officers giving his ten minute presentation on the set up procedures required of the radar on the motor he used. One officer showed the correct use of tuning forks on the MPH Ranger EZ attached to his motor as he begins and end each shift. A Top Gun Award was given to the top student in the class as part of the graduation ceremonies.
This Top Gun Award is given to the top student in the class as determined with the highest final score. Florida actually tests equipment to a more stringent standard than to the federal standard of DOT HS 809 812(radar) and DOT HS 809 811 (laser). Most radar antennas, save motorcycle units, are not designed to be externally mounted and must constantly be modified to meet the purpose of accurate readings consistent with the Operatora€™s Manual of the specific radar system. Federal agencies follow NHTSA recommendations of having officers and equipment re-certified every three years. The State of New Mexico issues compliance with their standards and has issued approval to SML curriculum and the approval number of NM12-53C. The Texas Commission of Law Officer Standards and Education, TCLOSE, issues its own approvals and has issued the number of #2054 for the SML course. However, when we put a vehicle in front of them as they trailed the target vehicle by 500 feet, not one of the detectors alerted to laser. Part of the instruction is having students estimate the speeds of fifty (50) vehicles and the distances of (50) vehicles.
This is done with various laser guns operated by students and is critical to establish a Valid Visual Tracking History. A big thank you is given to the East Texas Council of Governments and the East Texas Law Enforcement Academy for their efforts in sponsoring the event. Court cases abound demanding the prima facia evidence is the officera€™s estimation speed of a vehicle i.e. Hall the court admonished the officer in making the traffic stop with probable cause based solely on the laser gun readi??ing.
Hall the court admonished the officer in making the traffic stop with probable cause based solely on the laser gun reading.
Each officer is billed $350.00 for attending such training and SML regularly conducts such training at different parts of the United States annually.
Students record 100 speeds of vehicles before any treatment and then record 100 after a large radar display is added to the same highway. In many cases, a laser gun tied to a computer is shown to students allowing for immediate results.
The most prestigious award is the TOP GUN Award presented to the highest score in a particular class. The TOP GUN Award during the Fort Worth Police Academy teaching was presented to Officer Deena Evans for her fine performance.



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