Foods high in sugar but low in fat,extreme fat loss foods jobs,pure vegetarian diet chart for weight loss,what do i not eat in a low carb diet - 2016 Feature

MECKids is the Internet's largest fitness and health community that's just for kids and teenagers. Our mission is to help students of all ages take control of their own fitness and health choices, build healthy habits, and become a part of a welcoming and safe online community. The glycemic index,(GI) provides a measure of how quickly blood sugar levels rise after eating a particular type of food. Processing: Grains that have been milled and refined—removing the bran and the germ—have a higher glycemic index than whole grains.
Diets rich in high-glycemic-index foods, which cause quick and strong increases in blood sugar levels, have been linked to an increased risk for diabetes, heart disease, and overweight, and there is preliminary work linking high-glycemic diets to age-related macular degeneration, ovulatory infertility, and colorectal cancer.
The diabetes food chart below is unlike most, it has been tested and it has been proven to help diabetics.
Most other diabetes food charts are high carb, grain based charts that promote elevated blood sugars and ever increasing drug requirements. Note: The base of the chart or pyramid is wider, these are the foods you need to eat the most. Note: Some organ meats  and seafood (like oysters) can raise blood sugars, so eat small amounts and test your blood sugars. Fats and Oils – I consume only animals fats from the meats I eat, real butter, coconut oil and occasionally extra virgin olive oil. If all of this seems daunting and overwhelming? You can purchase a support package by clicking on this link, “Diabetes Support Packages”. There are several different definitions for what constitutes a Food Allergy and what consitutes Food Intolerance.
A Food Allergy is a severe, immediate and acute immune response to eating a particular food type, resulting from an IgE mediated reaction.
Food Intolerance is a broad term to describe a variety of slower acting and chronic symptoms to eating a particular food type. Food intolerance is harder to identify on account of its slower acting nature and often cause downstream problems, localised gastointestinal inflammation and a drain on one's energy reserves if not regulated and treated properly. In a general sense, a Food Allergy can be classed as an immediate immune system response, specifically the Immunoglubin IgE, to consuming a certain food protein, even in tiny amounts.
IgE is one of the body's primary immune defences against real or perceived threats or 'invaders'. Whilst this predisposition toward misinterpretation may sometimes be of genetic origin or of infant immunity adaptation, there are many other factors involved in the immune system developing this characteristic.
Examples of the main food types that tend to cause roughly 90% of the IgE mediated allergic responses in those who suffer from Food Allergies include the following. The other 10% of food allergies (the less common ones) involves the proteins of certain food sources. There may be some cross-sensitivity with foods, for example, those allergic to crustaceans or oysters may tend to also be allergic to squid.
Food allergies can operate through airborne matter from problem foods, and through the skin (touching the food type with your hands or lips), and not just through the actual ingestion of the foods. In general the more concentrated the protein fraction of the food is, the more noticeable the allergic reaction and symptoms will be. For example, I myself experience an immediate allergic reaction upon eating a porridge made with NOW Foods Rice Bran (immediate onset of a sore throat which lasts several hours). Similarly, I experience a similar sour sensation when tasting porridge made from The Oatmeal of Alford (Kiln Fried, Stone Ground) and immediate onset of a sore throat upon eating that lasts for several hours, similar to the above (i.e. Similarly, those who suffer from a milk allergy will likely experience less of a reaction from goat's milk than cow's milk, as the protein fraction is lower. If we are talking about IgE mediated 'incorrect' immune reactions (Allergies) in general, not just food related, then the response may build up as the body comes into contact with more of the allergen, through inhalation or through contact or proximity to the skin, as opposed to ingestion with food allergies when a proportionately higher concentration is taken into the body in a short period of time.
Those with severe IgE-mediated allergies should consider wearing a Medic Alert bracelet, pendant or tag with details of their allergies, and perhaps blood type and any other relevant information.
Hazelnut is a food type that is sometimes identified in IgG blood testing as being a food that one reacts to. Food Intolerance, or non-IgE mediated Food Hypersensitivity, is a term used to describe a number of different possible, chronic, slow acting symptoms and processes that result from the consumption of a certain food type, a reaction occurring anything between 30 minutes or up to 48 hours after the food is consumed. The definition of Food Intolerance is quite broad, and includes most types of adverse reactions to food, with the exception of fast acting IgE mediated immune response and psychological derived reactions and responses to food. Metabolic food reactions - on account of genetic or acquired errors in the metabolism of nutrients.
Non-IgE-mediated Immune system reactions to food and also certain chemical compounds found in foods. Pharmacological reactions may involve physiological responses to certain chemical compounds contained in the foods (not immune system mediated). Excessive salicylate intake when many salicylate-rich foods are eaten in combination., particularly those who are particularly sensitive to high salicylate levels. Excessive Histamine intake from foods that are naturally rich in histamine, certain fermented foods (released by yeast), those that encourage the release of histamine or those that develop a build-up of histamine in their flesh as they age (e.g. Reactions to naturally occuring toxins in foods that can be broken down by most individuals but not successfully by susceptible individuals. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Symptoms - Abdominal pain, stomach distension (bloating), excessive wind, and bowel dysfunction (alternating between constipation and loose stools). Fatigue in the context of CFS means more than one's usual level of fatigue, hours or days after consuming certain foods.
If one is eating the foods in question every day or every other day, then it one may not notice the dips so much as one may well be in a constant low ebb - abstaining from the offending foods may result in a decrease in one's day to day level of fatigue. Symptoms may vary in severity between individuals and be dependent on the volumes of the foods in question, and the concentrations of the ingredients that cause intolerance contained in them.
Because of the slow nature of the reaction to the food, it is clearly more difficult to determine the precise offending food that is causing this response, if indeed one believes that a food source may be the problem, which may not be immediately obvious to a doctor or a patient.
The reaction to the consumption of these foods tends to arrive between 3 hours after first consuming the food and up to 3 days afterwards. Other terms for Food Intolerance, or Non-IgE-Mediated Food Hypersensitivity, include Non-Allergic Food Hypersensitivity, Pseudo-Allergic Reactions, Slow-Onset Food Allergies. The term Food Allergy is used to denote fast acting, IgE-mediated immune system reactions to food only, rather than embracing the entirety of different adverse immune system responses to food, the fast acting and more acute, and the slower acting and more chronic. Of course, IgE and non-IgE immune responses can occur within the same patient to the same food type, but at slightly different times, i.e. Some of the latter two groups are hereditary (genetic) in nature, others are merely conditioned or acquired. Non-IgE-mediated Immune System Responses to certain Food Types could be classed as Non-IgE-mediated 'Food Allergies'. However, there is a certain amount of leniency in defining what is an 'Allergy', as per the 3 groups of Allergy referenced above. Non-IgE Mediated Immune System Responses do not occur in isolation to other types of Food Intolerance and can occur concurrently with Metabolic, Pharmacological and Toxin-Mediated Reactions to Food.
The foods that cause Non-IgE Mediated Immune System Responses in susceptible individuals tend to from the same food groups as those that provoke IgE mediated food allergies (Classic or True Food Allergies) as listed above. Typically IgG-mediated reactions are much more common than IgE mediated reactions, but are much less well researched and understood. Of course the foods that create these Non-IgE-Mediated Immunological Food Intolerance reactions do so in their protein form, which is the non-digested or semi-digested form, in the digestive tract, and what is absorbed into the bloodstream is (hopefully) only amino acids (assuming that Leaky Gut Syndrome (LGS) is not present. Therefore one would assume that the majority of IgG antibodies would be present in the digestive tract rather than in the blood, although in more severe cases, the levels may well rise higher in the blood. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is an antibody that plays a critical role in the immunity of mucosal membranes. The immune cells of the digestive tract comprise the largest body of immune cells in the body. However in Food Intolerance patients, the level of IgA antibodies tends to be elevated, that is only the IgA antibodies that correspond to certain food types. If one has an non-IgE-mediated immune system sensitivity or response to certain food types, e.g. Transglutaminase is family of enzymes that catalyse the formation of a covalent bond between a free amine group (e.g. Whilst associated with Celiac Disease, high levels of Tissue Transglutaminase enzymes are found in sufferers of Huntingdon's and Parkinson's Disease. According to Dr Kenneth Fine of Enterolab, 'the main perpetrator of the immune response to gluten is not antibody but T lymphocytes (T cells) producing tissue-damaging chemicals called cytokines and chemokines. Enterolab stated in an email correspondence to me that cytokines and chemokines can cause damage to the intestinal villi. These IgA and IgG ATAs can also be classified in the following manner based on their properties (the Transglutmainse isoform being targetted). Anti-tTAs are involved in the destruction of the villous extracellular matrix, and target the destruction of the intestinal villous epithelial cells by killer cells. EMAs (mainly consisting of ATAs) represent those antibodies that bind with highest affiinity to cell-surface tTG (i.e. There may be no detectable symptoms of the IgA ATA immune response to Gliadin, with symptoms typically becoming noticeable when the immune reaction over time has begun to damage the intestines, with resulting Food Intolerance type symptoms.
Kenneth Fine has suggested that the intestinal damage caused by Celiac Disease (or otherwise elevated Anti-tTG antibodies) is responsible for a significant increased risk of cancer of lymphoma of the small intestine.
In an email correspondence to me, Enterolab have stated that Dr Fine has found that anti-casein antibodies can actually cause some of the same damage and symptoms (of villous atrophy) as anti-Gliadin antibodies (AGAs), which are often more harmful than the effects of the anti-tTG antibodies produced in reaction to the fusion of tTG and Gliadin. Enterolab also stated that Dr Fine uses the the 'Gluten-Sensitive' to describe those that produce IgA antibodies in reaction to Gluten, i.e. In the UK, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), whilst immersed in controversy over some of its arguably inappropriate recommendions for CFS treatment, does actually recommend the screening for Celiac Disease in patients with newly diagnosed CFS (Clinical Guideline 53) and IBS (Clinical Guideline 61). Bloating is a result of the gas production caused by bacteria consuming undigested food sources, mainly carbohydrates, which puts pressure on the intestinal wall or insufficient stomach acid or enzymes causing food to remain longer than it should in the stomach. The regular consumption of foods that cannot be fully digested may in turn encourage the growth of dysbiotic or pathogenic bacteria, and harmful yeasts such as Candida albicans, which can in turn cause further problems.
Because lactose is chiefly found in a mother's milk, most mammals experience a natural decrease in Lactase after weaning age.
Approximately 75% of adults worldwide show some decrease in Lactase activity during adulthood.
Humans are of course the only animal to consume milk after weaning age, and in particular the milk of other animals, namely the milk of the domesticated cow (Bos primigenius). If the intestinal tract does not produce enough Lactase in response to the amount of Lactose consumed (i.e.
Lactose Intolerance affects approximately 10% of the population of Northern Europe, cow's milk is staple food source for virtually all children and regular food source for most adults in this region. Lactose intolerance may be caused or worsened also by Celiac Disease, which shortens the intestinal villi that are responsible for producing Lactase.
If one consumes an excess amount of Frucose (or Sucrose) or has a deficiency in the production of the carrier proteins for Fructose, then some Fructose will remain in the digestive tract, and similarly to Lactose Intolerance, will be fermented by bacteria.
Acetate, Propionate and Butyrate - types of Short-Chain Fatty Acids - are produced in the colon by the bacterial fermentation of dietary fibre, which helps to keep down the stool pH to suppress dysbiotic and pathogenic microogranism overgrowth. Fructose-6-Phosphate (F6P) is produced from Fructose, and is utilised in the Glycolysis pathway, to produce Pyruvate from Glucose.
Symptoms of Fructose Malabsorption include bloating, diarrhoea or constipation, flatulence, stomach pain (on account of muscle spasms) and other symptoms. Those individuals who have Fructose Malabsorption should consider eating fruit containing a smaller proportion of Fructose, and also avoid dried fruit on account on the ease of which it is possible to eat more fruit on account on its smaller volume. Some studies suggest that as many as 1 in 3 people may suffer from sugar sensitivity, most commonly to Fructose.
Whilst limiting Fructose intake is a general strategy for both Fructose Malabsorption and Fructose Intolerance, it is not to say that the body cannot absorb or metabolise ANY Fructose, but just that those pathways are impaired. There are 3 main types of hereditary metabolic hepatic disorders concerning Fructose catabolism and metabolism, known as types of Fructose Intolerance. The first is Hepatic Fructokinase Deficiency which prevents Fructose being used at all, thus affecting both the Fructose metabolic pathways Glycolysis and Gluconeogensis.
Inhibition of gluconeogenesis can result in hypoglycaemia after about 12 hours once the glycogen stores have been depleted.
Fructose intolerance symptoms depend on the nature of the exact condition but may include dizziness, fatigue, headaches and weakness.
The Hepatic Fructokinase is responsible for the first step in the liver processing of Fructose, phosphorylating D-Fructose with ATP into ATP and D-Fructose-1-Phosphate.
This can result in elevated levels of Fructose in the liver and kidneys, and excessive Fructose levels being excreted in the urine (as it cannot be utilised).
Of course, it does mean that Fructose is effectively prevented from entering the metabolic pathways of Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis (as little or no Fructose-1-Phosphate is being produced which is utilised in those pathways). The liver enzyme in question is Aldolase-B which converts Fructose-1-Phosphate (F1P) to Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate (DHAP) and Glyceraldehyde. Excessive levels of F1P prevents phosphates being utilised, in other words, it ties up all the available phosphate (from ATP) in the F1P sugar.
Dr Sarah Myhill recommends consumption of Probiotics in order to increase the amount of probiotic bacterial fermentation that occurs in the colon, in order to produce more SCFAs, in order to stave off Hypoglycaemia. Fructose BisPhosphatase Deficiency is a disorder whereby not enough Fructose-1,6-BisPhosphatase is available for Gluconeogensis to occur correctly (Fructose and Glycerol cannot be used as fuels).
The substrate Fructose-1,6-BisPhosphate builds up and levels of Fructose-6-Phosphate are very low. The increased levels of glucagon result in the release of fatty acids from the fat cells (adipose tissue), which when combined with glucerol that cannot be utilised by the liver, result in the build up of triglycerides in the liver, resulting in a fatty liver. The production of Pyruvate and Lactate result in a pH drop of the blood (metabolic acidosis). Those who suffer from Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate Deficiency should avoid fasting for long periods and eating high carbohydrate foods (especially those containing high levels of Fructose or Glucose), as this involves the need for Gluconeogenesis to create Glucose.
F-1,6-BPase Deficiency is usually diagnosed early in a person's life as the infant will present a variety of symptoms such as hyperventilation, convulsions, coma, hopglycaemia, ketosis (elevated levels of ketone bodies), acidosis (in the absence of infection), cardiac failure or cerebral haemorrhage.
A number of Sugar-free, sugar alcohol-based sweetners (sugar substitutes) are available on the market.
Unfortunately, as these sugar-alcohol sweeteners are poorly digested and absorbed, they pass through the digestive tract, and are digested to some degree by the bacteria in the colon, resulting in excess wind.
Diabetes (mellitus) as you probably already know is a condition whereby the body does not produce enough insulin (Type I Diabetes), or where the cells do not utilise unsulin properly (Type II Diabetes). A number of nutrition and herbal based methods have been successfully employed by a number of Diabetes Type I and II sufferers to overcome their Diabetes.
Type I Diabetes is genetically similar to Celiac Disease in 7 unusual genetic regions according to the latest research in a study of 20,000 volunteers. Phenylketonuria is a genetic disorder characterised by a deficiency in the hepatic enzyme Phenylalanine Hydroxylase (PAH). We have examined above how certain amino acids can be problematic for the body in high concentrations, i.e.
Umami is one of the five basic tastes detected by receptor cells on the human tongue, which is triggered by the presence of glutamic acid or glutamates. MSG was once associated primarily with Chinese restaurants, but is currently used by many fast food chains and in many processed food products, often to cover up the use of cheap ingredients and cost cutting in quality, and to appeal to the 'baser taste instincts'.
Besides using MSG as a food additive, a number of food sources are already naturally high in glutamate or glutamic acid. Glutamic acid, as discussed above, is of course an abundant amino acid found in all living cells, of plant or animal origin, primarily in the bound form as part of proteins.
Protein glutamate does not produce the 'umami' taste as the receptors on the tongue do not detect glutamate ions, or so many of them, as they are bound up in protein molecule structures.


Protein glutamate is of course still absorbed by the body, but the individual protein molecules first have to be broken down to release the glutamic acid or glutamate ions. Protein glutamate can of course become Free Glutamate if the protein in question is fermented or hydrolysed (boiled in acid). Whilst protein glutamate is slower to break and and absorb, free glutamate is readily absorbed in the GI tract and can quickly elevate blood plasma glutamate levels. Many fermented or aged foods are high in free glutamate, which in their natural unfermented state would otherwise not contain significant amounts of free glutamate. Whilst certain forms of extremely aged soy beans or their processed derivatives may be higher in free glutamate, there are certain health benefits from fermented soy products.
Examples of 'good' soy therefore include tempeh, natto, fermented tofu and soymilk, live soy milk kefir, live soy yoghurt - those products that have not been fermented so long; and possibly miso and soy sauce - in moderation (these are the fermented types of soy that have been aged for a very long time). This is why tomato sauces and fermented type sauces, and yeast extract based stocks are commonly used in cooking and added to processed food products.
Much fuss is made by some anti-MSG campaigners about the non-hydrolysed soy and whey protein isolates and concentrates, and soy lecithin with respect to Glutamate content. L-Glutamate (or Glutamic acid) is the most important excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and plays an important part in brain chemistry. GABA and Glutamate levels are balanced in the brain both in terms of absolute concentrations and relative ratios in a healthy individual. High levels of glutamic acid have been shown in animal studies to cause damage to parts of the brain unprotected by the blood-brain barrier, leading to a variety of chronic diseases. Ripe fruits and vegetables tend to have more sugar than unripe ones, and so tend to have a higher glycemic index. The more fat or acid a food or meal contains, the slower its carbohydrates are converted to sugar and absorbed into the bloodstream. Finely ground grain is more rapidly digested, and so has a higher glycemic index, than more coarsely ground grain. Foods with a low glycemic index have been shown to help control type 2 diabetes and improve weight loss.
Try it yourself with these low-carb snacks; easy to make, many of these are also high in good-for-you nutrients like antioxidants, protein, and fiber. I eliminated my Diabetes Drugs (and Insulin) when my Overnight Fasting Blood Glucose levels were consistently in the 70-90 range. This section shall attempt to bring together the various concepts to provide a high level overview of the subject matter. The responses can include metabolic, pharamcological, toxicological and non-IgE mediated immune reactions.
In 2008, The Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network estimated that 4% of the US population suffered from food allergies. Whilst the term Food Allergy is used to describe IgE-mediated immune system response to a certain food type, it could imply to some that this is the only type of adverse immune response possible to certain non-contaminated food types.
This may affect workers in food processing industries who may suffer from skin disease, asthma, rhinitis and conjunctivitis. For example, consuming reasonable quantities of wheat bran or rice bran will likely produce more of an allergic reaction in individuals who suffer from these allergies than their usual flour or wholegrain counterpart, as the protein concentration is higher. I can feel the 'sour' nature of the protein in my mouth and feel an instant IgE reaction with the porridge in my mouth. I have found that I had a similar reaction to dessicated Coconut, with a sore throat coming on within minutes. Of course, the fact that I am experiencing a sore throat with the aforementioned proteins in certain forms is a general indicator to avoid those forms, and perhaps also related forms that may still be causing immune system responses but that which are not noticeable, but still not really desirable from a physiological perspective.
However, some commentators argue that this is a reaction, but not an allergic one (despite the test result). These foods can include: apples, hazelnuts, peaches, cherries, almonds, pears, carrots, and celery. The amount of a food substance required to trigger this response may vary, but is usually much larger than that required to trigger a food allergy response as described above.
Consumption of these foods can result in inadequate digestion or absorption of these food types, resulting in excessive bacterial fermentation and 'rotting' of the foods in the digestive tract. Examples include lectins found in cereals, beans and vegetables of the nightshade family (e.g.
Other individuals may sense the fatigue or general malaise a few hours after eating it or so.
Symptoms may persist for up to 3 days or so (in some cases up to 2 weeks) after cutting out all foods that are the main causes of intolerance (if this is possible - see below).
IgE-mediated Food allergies are generally much easier to identify on account of their rapid onset, immediately after consuming the particular food type.
Clearly some of these terms are slightly misleading as some imply that slow acting immune responses are not 'true allergies' and other terms for Food Intolerance imply that all the types of Food Intolerance are 'allergies' or immune system related, which is not true either. All Non-IgE Mediated Immune System Responses to Food, being slower acting, are classed as being Food Intolerances, a term which includes other types of slow reaction included a lack of necessary enzymes and toxicological responses etc. Some commentators use the term 'Delayed-Onset Food Allergies' to describe Food Intolerance as a whole, although this is misleading as it associates non-immune system modulated Food Intolerance reactions (e.g. I therefore stick to the term 'Non-IgE Mediated Immune System Response to Food' which is what we are actually talking about here - where there can be no room for confusion. The severity of the different immunological reactions to food differ between foods, and between individuals, as well as how they combine with other Food Intolerance and other factors. Their combined action may provide the broad spectrum of symptoms that we experience as Food Intolerance.
The reactions are based on the misrecognition of certain types of protein as viral DNA proteins, the same as Classic Food Allergies. Most occurrences are very mild and go undetected or relatively symptomless (which is a matter of perception in many individuals with a less than perfect diet and lifestyle). LGS can be caused by a number of possible factors, including excessive Candida albicans growth, which can further fuel Non-IgE Mediated Immunological Responses to Food.
Some commentators have criticised IgG blood tests as they often come back negative when the actual picture in the body as a whole, and also the digestive tract, tells a different story.
IgA in the mucosal linings are larger in number than all other types of antibodies combined. The GI tract has an enormous surface area and is arguably one of the main possible mode of entry into the body by foreign pathogens, perhaps even more so than the lungs. It is thought that measuring IgA antibodies in the stool is a useful measure of Immunologically-Mediated Food Intolerance, and can show us what IgA antibodies are present in too high a concentration in the stool, thus indicating this type of Food Intolerance response before signs and symptoms are evident in the blood with overactivity and overproduction of other antibody types (to the particular food types).
This figure rises to as high as 50% in patients suffering adverse symptoms or from high risk populations (those with higher incidences of Gliadin sensitivities). Celiac Sprue or Coeliac Disease, is classified as an autoimmune disorder, and is essentially an adverse immune system response to Gluten (i.e.
These mainly consist of Anti-Transglutaminse Antibodies (ATAs) against the enzyme Transglutaminase and Tissue-Transglutaminase. These symptoms derive from the resulting malabsorption or improper digestion of dietary nutrients (i.e. Indeed, he believes there is a strong correlation between autoimmune disease development and the continued consumption of Gliadin in Gluten sensitive individuals. Infant mammals, including humans, are nursed on their mother's milk which is rich in the carbohydrate lactose. Lactase activity decrease varies according to population, from as little as 5% in Northern Europe, up to 71% in Southern Europe, and up to 90%+ in some parts of Africa and Asia. And indeed the only animal to expose other animal's milk to high temperatures before consumption (pasturisation), which may modify the protein structure. Whilst sucrose is digested by the enzyme Sucrase and broken into its constituent parts Glucose and Fructose, there is no digestive enzyme for Fructose as it is already a simple sugar. GLUT2 and GLUT5, that transport Fructose out of the Small Intestine and into the blood stream.
Refined sugar should eliminated from one's diet (for multiple reasons), primarily in this instance because Sucrose being comprised of both Glucose and Fructose.
Glucose is the main sugar used by the brain and muscles in respiration, and its uptake is dependent on the insulin hormone. As well as the different lines of causation in Fructose Malabsorption and Intolerance described below, the immune system may additionally be implicated. Thus, a small amount of fruit or vegetable sources Fructose can and should be consumed, but no more. These are essentially problems of metabolising Fructose once it has been absorbed from the digestive tract and into the bloodstream.
The second disorder, Hepatic Fructokinase Deficiency, affects a further processed form of Fructose and affects both pathways. This results in lactic acidosis as the cells underogo anaerobic respiration in the absence of glucose. A normal level of excretion of Fructose in the urine of a health person is typically 1-2% of that consumed or less, whereas in an individual with Hepatic Fructokinase Deficiency it can be as high as 10-20%. This may mean under certain dietary circumstances, the Liver and Kidneys have an energy deficiency, which is partly offset by the metabolism of Short Chain Fatty Acids from the blood. A defiency in this enzyme means that Fructose cannot be metabolised beyond Fructose-1-Phosphate (F1P). Other symptoms are those associated with the absence of Gluconeogenesis, described above, such as Lactic acid build up and muscle ache.
This does not necessarily mean they have HPI but it is more indicative of mitochondrial failure in general rather than a specific fructose metabolism problem. Another potential marker of HFI is a high level of Adenosine in the blood (which may also be a result of taking additional Methionine or SAMe amino acid supplements). Propionibacterium freudenreichii, in particular, produces Proprionic acid, as discussed on the Bacterial page.
Fructose-Bisphosphatase or F-1,6-BP) is a Hepatic enzyme that converts Fructose-1,6-BisPhosphate into Fructose-6-Phosphate in Gluconeogenesis (the creation of Glucose from smaller substrates). It is therefore a severe disorder of Gluconeogenesis and prevents the regeneration of Glucose. Some undiagnosed adults have less severe instances of the condition (a less pronounced enzyme deficiency) and may manage their condition by avoiding fasting and limiting intake of foods high in Fructose or Sucrose in favour of those containing Glucose.
These alcohol sugars are also laxative in their action, as dissolved particles in the chyme and stools attract water from the intestinal walls and bloodstream, and excessive consumption may also result in diarrhea.
Gestational Diabetes is a temporary condition that affects some pregnant mothers who have high blood glucose levels. Diabetes is often caused in the first place by excessive consumption of foods and drinks containing refined sugar. Both early-onset diabetes and Celiac disease are caused by improper immune system adaptation.
Amino acids in general are not found freely in food sources, but as the building blocks of larger protein molecules. Food sources rich in protein glutamate in some cases also have high levels of free glutamate, e.g. This takes time and of course not all the protein may be broken down in the digestive tract. Fermented soy tends inhibit the effects of phytic acid (IP6 - an 'anti-nutrient which prevents mineral absorption), increases the availability of isoflavones and also contains probiotic bacteria (in its live or raw form). You can taste the free Glutamate in these products, to get an idea of their relative concentrations, and there is little evidence of this taste in soy kefir for example, but a very strong taste in Miso.
In the case of hydrolysed protein, they are normally broken down enzymatically (using bacterial proteases). One may want to take this with a pinch of salt, as the hydrolysed versions of these proteins are more of concern. It is released by many different types of neurons and stimulates other neurons at the synapses.
The most important of these is GABA, which is synthesised from the amino acid Glutamine in the presence of Active Vitamin B6 (P5P).
A P5P deficiency can thus result in an elevated Glutamate to GABA ratio in the brain and elevated levels of excitotoxicity. The glycemic index estimates how much each gram of available carbohydrate in a food raises a person’s blood glucose level following consumption of the food, relative to consumption of pure glucose. The more fiber a food has, the less digestible carbohydrate, and so the less sugar it can deliver. Other studies, though, have found that the glycemic index has little effect on weight or health. I also like to make my own hummus (a small amount of carbs in the chickpeas but you cant be that picky) and eat it with veggies, simply amazing. We will discuss a true Diabetes Food Chart, designed to help diabetics obtain and maintain truly normal blood sugars. They were designed and are promoted by the Medical Industry, Big Food and drug companies, entities that profit from diabetes. In general, Food Sensitivity is the term used to describe both Food Allergy and Food Intolerance. It can even occur as the food touches the lips or tongue, before the food has actually entered the oesophagus. In such cases, an Adrenaline (Epinephrine) is used by Ambulance or Accident and Emergency staff as an injection to control the allergic reaction.
This tends to be more common in East and South East Asia where rice forms a large piet of the staple diet of the average person.
However, I do not observe these symptoms with Coconut oil, which contains no protein (possibly contain some faint traces of Coconut protein). However, I experience significantly reduced symptoms with porridge made from other brands of oats (e.g. The Hazelnut protein is irritating to the tongue and it titillates the palate in small doses. The symptoms are arguably somewhat different to those the majority of people who eat hazelnuts without itchy lips etc.
These immune modulated reactions to food are much slower acting than IgE (which is regarded as a 'true allergy').
Excessive consumption of certain food types regularly, depending on what they are, may well result in too high an intake of certain types of constituent chemical compounds. Many of the symptoms may go unnoticed by the patient, or if they are noticed, may simply be accepted as part of one's physiological make-up and not attributed to being caused by one's diet. Food Intolerance is a little like CFS, it is useful for describing symptoms, but not very useful when it comes to correctly describing the causes or mechanisms of those symptoms.
Secondary Immune System Response to Food could also be another possible term, although perhaps less formal and precise than the above.
And indeed, they can also exacerbate a downward spiral of General Digestive Enzyme and Stomach Acid Deficiencies and indeed the other types of Food Intolerance.
It is the most abundant immunoglobulin and is equally distributed in tissues liquids and blood, constituting 75% of serum immunogloblulins in humans. Many may choose to ignore the presence of some of the milder IgG reactions, and pay attention and make dietary changes accordingly when they are found to have more severe IgG reactions to certain food types. In addition, LGS is one potential downstream consequence of too much immune system regulated inflammation in the digestive tract, caused by excessive Eosinophil hyperactivity and inflammatory cytokines being released by them. Nevertheless, IgG blood tests can still be a useful tool in diagnosing Non-IgE-Mediated Immunological Food Intolerances.
They are secreted by the intestinal walls into the intestinal lumen (the hollow centre of the intestines) and mix in with the Chyme and Stool, which passes through the GI tract, slowly being digested, before being expelled from the body via the anus.


The GI tract comprises probably the majority of the body's immune system, in relative terms. This would seem to confirm the above hypothesis regarding IgA levels in the stool vs the blood, and backing up the idea that the stool is the most sensible place to look for IgA antibodies. Whether one chooses to classify IgG-Mediated Immune System Response then as an Allergy, a Group 3 Allergy or Food Intolerance is perhaps a matter of classification. There may be other, currently undefined genes, that control whether such a toxic reaction occurs and if and to what extent damage will occur to the intestines and other tissues or not.
It's natural affinity to binding with Gliadin, and the resulting protein crosslinking stimulates the immune B-cell responses that eventually result in the production of the problematic overproduction of the ATA IgA and IgG antibodies (examined below). ATAs are types of IgA and IgG antibodies, and their relative proportions in Celiac Disease sufferers depends on the phenotypes involved.
Furthermore, some people simply do not or cannot make alot of intestinal IgA antibody even though gluten may be stimulating a severe T cell-mediated immune response. It is a less common type of eczema, and not to be confused with eczema that can result from other causes, e.g.
The above estimate of 0.5% to 1% of the US population being Celiac Disease sufferers is based upon the statistic of 1% of the population having pathogenic levels of ATA.
Fermented forms of milk, including natural bio-live yoghurt and kefir have a somewhat reduced lactose content as the probiotic bacteria have consumed part of the lactose to multiply. Lactose Intolerance usually therefore tends to occur in affected individuals after the age of two. If milk was so vital to an adult's diet, grown men would continue to breast feed from their mothers into their old age, presumably? Calling it a deficiency in this context is not quite correct and is looking at the glass half empty rather than half full.
This fuelling of the dysbiotic and pathogenic micro-organisms in the colon can result in their multiplication, especially if consumed regularly. Its absorption from the digestive tract into the bloodstream is dependent on the present of two carrier proteins, GLUT2 and GLUT5. Fructose Malabsorption (as opposed to excessive Fructose consumption) results in the exclusion of Fructose from anabolic and metabolic activities. If the Fructose availability far exceeds the Glucose supply, then metabolic issues arise as the control mechanisms that apply to Glucose are essentially bypassed or lifted. High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) is a big offender and an additive found in many convenience foods, and can be up to 90% Fructose!
Whilst all cells can metabolise Fructose to some degree, in balance with the mechanisms that control the balance between Glucose and Fructose levels, it is the liver and kidneys that produce most of their energy from the metabolism of Fructose (through enzymatic phosphorylation by ATP), and thus Fructose is responsible for much of the (liver) heat production in the body. Antibodies may form against one or more of the enzymes, substrates or products implicated in Fructose metabolism, further impairing Fructose metabolism and the adverse reaction to Fructose consumption. It may be impossible to completely eliminate Fructose and in addition those foods that do contain a small amount may well be good sources of other important nutrients and enzymes.
The third form, Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphatase Deficiency, affects only the Gluconeogensis pathway. Lactic acid build up is commonly associated with msucle ache after vigorous or high resistance exercises and overexertion and contributes to metabolic acidosis.
In the latter case, the remaining percentage of Fructose retained is most probably metabolised by adipose tissue via an alternative pathway of some description.
This results in the build up of F1P in the liver and kidneys, as well as a deficiency in Glucose. However, metabolic mishandling of Fructose in HFI sufferers can occur at any level of severity, from the very mild to the very severe, so some milder cases may go undiagnosed.
This may be of genetic origin or as a result of HFI described above (the suppressive effective of excessive F1P on the Fructose-1,6-BisPhosphatase enzyme. The reason these are low calorie sweetners is that they are very poorly digested and absorbed in the digestive tract, and are thus relatively 'inert' despite being sweet to the taste. In general, alcohol sugars are to be avoided and a much better choice (for occasional use) is the plant-based Stevia, which does not produce these symptoms. Insulin is of course the pancreatic hormone that enables cells to absorb glucose in order to undergo respiration and produce energy.
Celiac Disease affects approximately 1% of the UK population as opposed to Diabetes which affects 0.5%. When PAH is deficient, Phenylalanine accumulates in the digestive tract and some is converted into the metabolites Phenylacetate, Phenylpyruvate and Phenethylamine.
It is a natural trigger that the brain uses to encourage consumption of protein rich foods such as meats and cheeses, part of our 'cave man' genetic programming to ensure survival. However, fermented soy is still likely to contain as many phytoestrogens as unfermented soy, which are endocrine disrupting chemicals, and so excessive consumption of fermented soy is probably not a good idea in any case. This results in a more bitter taste as more of the protein is in its constituent amino acid form.
Hydrolysed soy protein is often found in vegetarian and vegan 'meaty tasting' food products. Excitotoxicity is the term used when the levels of the excitatory neurotransmitters are too high, at which point the level of neuronal activation or induced firing of neurons become neurologically damaging.
The starch in potatoes, for example, is digested and absorbed into the bloodstream relatively quickly.
This sort of flip-flop is part of the normal process of science, and it means that the true value of the glycemic index remains to be determined. However, in the vast majority of cases, a mild version of one or more of the other symptoms is experienced immediately after coming into contact with the food, the allergic reaction just subsides with time. To a large extent, it may depend on the brand or source of the food substance, and also its possible level of contamination with other grains. However, I do not experience any such reaction when taking a protein supplement rich in Rice Protein and Rice Bran, Thorne Research's MediClear.
It is more of a mild (physical) irritation to the tongue as opposed to an immune system-mediated response that affects more parts of the head and throat. They are particularly rich in dried fruits, jam, honey, coconut oil, black pepper and much more. Some may complain about the use of the term 'Allergy' as it should primarly refer to IgE reactions, as per Wikipedia's definition of Allergy below. However, milder IgG reactions may be indicative of other types of immunological reactions to these foods or other foods, and indeed may over time drain one's energy reserves and put a strain on the immune system and body in general.
Without IgA antibodies being released into the digestive tract, one would be highly susceptible to gastro-intestinal viruses and other forms of infection, e.g. Of course, without these particular food sources in the GI tract, they have nothing to attack (often besides the digestive tract itself), but the body still produces them as it is 'expecting' them. It can affect genetically predisposed individuals of all ages, from middle infancy onwards. Research suggests that as many as 30% of Americans may be Gluten sensitive, with 1 in 225 having the sensivity as severe to cause the intestinal damage associated with Celiac Disease.
Please note that these EMAs are different to Anti-Gliadin Antibodies (AGAs), consisting of IgA and IgG antibodies, that attack Gliadin directly. As mentioned above, the damage to the intestinal villi does come immediately, but lags behind anti-tTG antibody production and may not be detectable (using conventional methods) until the damage has been done. Beta-D-galactosidase) in order to digest it, which cleaves the lactose into two units, the simple sugars glucose and galactose.
Having low levels of the lactose enzyme as an adult mammal or indeed human is normal and 'natural', whereas having the capability to produce an increased number of Lactase enzymes in the GI tract is a form of adaptation. Fructose is found in fruit, honey, corn syrup, HFCS, maple syrup and to a lesser extent in vegetables.
Excessive fructose intake tends to inhibit Glycolysis and Gluconeogensis, albeit in a slightly different manner to Hereditary Fructose Intolerance (HFI), discussed below. The liver utilises fructose extremely rapidly and bypasses the phosphofructokinase regulatory step of glycolysis, and breaks Fructose down into Fructose-1-Phosphate, and converts it onwards to Glucose. Strictly speaking, this is non-IgE-mediated immunological response to Fructose further worsening a metabolic Fructose Intolerance problem. The liver may try to compensate by producing glucose from the Short Chain Fatty Acids (SCFAs) Acetate, Propionate and Butyrate that are produced by the anaerobic bacterial fermentation of dietary fibre such as pectin and various vegetable fibres, and absorbed into the bloodstream from the colon.
This however poses no toxic consequence to the liver or kidney and sufferers do not usually present with any symptoms. This has nothing to do with problems absorbing Fructose from the digestive tract into the bloodsream, but is a genetic disorder of the liver.
Another option would be to take a Calcium Magnesium Butyrate supplement, as referenced on the Liver Function page.
They are thus used in a variety of products, including sweets and some medicines, particularly sublingual and chewable supplements, which often contain both Sorbitol and Mannitol, and sometimes all 3 (as well as Stevia)! Thus the excessive or mistimed consumption of sucrose for a diabetic may result in hyperglycemia (too high blood sugar) and excessive water loss (in an attempt to dump glucose), dehydration and electrolyte loss.
This may result in a deficiency of Tyrosine in the body as well as bacterial catabolism of Phenylalanine in the digestive tract. If you look at the amino acid breakdown of various protein sources, both animal and plant, you will find that Glutamic acid or Glutamate is found is higher concentrations than any other amino acid. Proteins made up of glutamate are technically speaking not actual glutamate, in the same way that a book is not a piece of paper.
Hydrolysed protein is not usually 100% hydrolysed, and only a part has actually been hydrolysed, the rest remaining unhydrolysed.
Taurine is another, which performs many vital functions in the body, including nutritional metal transport into the cells. In the meantime, eating whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables—all foods with a low glycemic index—is indisputably good for many aspects of health.
MediClear was also kinesiologically tested on me and found at that point in time to be what the body wanted. Gluten-Free Oats (or in other words, Oats free of any Wheat, Barley or Rye contamination - but still containing the glutens naturally found in Oats) still produced an allergic reaction. They are also created synthetically and can be found in certain medicines, perfumes and preservatives.
These however in the context of Food Intolerances are those contaminated foods that affect predisposed individuals much more than healthy individuals with no predisposition. IgG forms part of the body's secondary immune system, the primary being mediated mainly by IgM. The secretory part protects the immunoglobulin from being degraded by proteolytic enzymes, e.g. The purpose of these antibodies is to combine with any detected protein threats, interpreted to be of viral origin, in order to neutralise them and prevent them being absorbed from the GI tract into the bloodstream. Research shows that these antibodies continue to be produced in the digestive tract (and possibly elsewhere) for up to 1-2 years after a person has ceased consuming the corresponding food items. Celiac Disease is the result of a combination of the action of Anti-Gliadin Antibodies (AGAs) against the presence of ingested Gliadin , but more importantly the production of Anti-Tissue Transglutaminase Antibodies (anti-tTG antibodies). Please seee the Genetic Testing section below for more discussion of the Celiac genes present in the US population. IgA antibodies can be found in the stool and also the blood to a lesser extent, and the presence of anti-tTG antibodies in high numbers can predict the onset of Celiac Disease. Other symptoms could include fatigue, joint pains, mouth ulcers, bone pain, abnormal menses and even temporary infertility. Clearly one does not need to have intestinal damage present in order to be considered 'Gluten-Sensitive', but the more damage that is present, the more likely one is to be diagnosed with Celiac Disease and classified as a Celiac. Lactose must be broken down into smaller units prior to absorption into the blood stream and cannot be directly absorbed in the form of Lactose. The highest Fructose containing fruits, with the exception of dried fruits that are more concentrated forms of fruit, include mango, papaya and apple. Muscle usage of fructose relies on it being broken down into Fructose-6-Phosphate and being converted in Glucose. HFI is a hereditary condition caused by a deficiency of liver enzymes that metabolise fructose, specifically the metabolism of Fructose-1-Phosphate. The lack of phosphate and ATP also interferes with a number of other biosynthetic pathways that require ATP, synthesis of protein, RNA and DNA, cyclic AMP formation and also ammonia detoxification. HFI may be a significant contibutary factor to fatigue and low ATP levels in a subsegment of CFS patients.
Foods with a score of 70 or higher are defined as having a high glycemic index; those with a score of 55 or below have a low glycemic index. It is unlikely that a food stuff that caused a Food Allergy response would test positively using this method.
IgG-mediated immune reactions to food tend to occur in some of the food types that we consume most regularly, but as a species are not perhaps best physiologically adapted to (e.g. This may well result in some of the IBS type symptoms as unabsorbed proteins are fermented by bacteria in the colon.
Certain individuals in tests have been shown to produce very few IgA antibodies, which is of course an immune system deficiency.
The levels of the corresponding antibodies in the blood tend to drop off more rapidly, in 3-6 months typically. It is the downstream effects of the IgA ATA immune response to Gliadin and the damage it causes to the intestinal villi and the resulting symptoms that is generally referred to as Celiac Disease. By this logic, some Celiac patients or those who exhibit the same symptoms may not necessarily be producing significant anti-tTG antibodies, but much of the damage may be caused by Anti-Casein Antibodies and anti-Gliadin antibodies etc.
High F1P levels also inhibits the phosphorylation of the enzymes Glycogen Phosphorylase (essential for provision of Glucose-1-Phosphate from Glycogen by Glycolysis) and also inhibits the Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphatase enzyme (essential for Gluconeogensis - see below). Patients who suffer from kidney problems such as kidney stones or gout should consider being tested for HFI and related Fructose metabolism disorders. Until the 1960s it was prepared by the hydrolysis of wheat gluten, after which time it was prepared by the fermentation of carbohydrates such as starch, sugar beets, sugar cane or molasses.
Hydrolysis of proteins (into hydrolysate) generally results in higher levels of free glutamate. Antibodies operate in a kind of lock and key manner, matching the exact type of protein they are created to bind with. Controlled reintroduction may be one method of adjusting to these proteins without the production of these corresponding antibodies, as may low dose immunotherapy.
A Rotavirus is a genus of double-stranded RNA virus from the Retroviridae family and is known to cause diahrrea. Glucose may still be released through the breakdown of glycogen in the glycogen stores until that is depleted, resulting in severe hypoglycemia. Without the ability to produce Glucose from Fructose, the liver will not function efficiently, and may impact energy levels generally.
IgG antibodies are found in those individuls who do not have (significant) food intolerances (who do not notice any symptoms). However, if one starts to eat these food sources in copious quantities in a non-systematic and uncontrolled manner, then the levels of the antibodies are likely to increase to their former levels very rapidly. It may vary according to the individual of course, and a 'Gluten challenge' may not necessarily guarantee immediate increase in relevant antibody levels for detection if Gluten is reintroduced heavily for 1-2 weeks.



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