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They're trained doctors whose parents are distinguished writers - yet for 20 years these identical twins have competed with each other in the most disturbing way imaginable. Standing side-by-side in matching outfits, you'd be forgiven for mistaking Rebecca and Maisy Jones as sisters. An anorexic woman who dropped to three-and-a-half stone after walking up to 12 hours a day has battled back to health.
Many of you will remember Isabelle Caro, the brave model who bared all to show the true horror of anorexia. Her frame was so skeletal that doctors warned Hayley Wilde she was just over a week away from death.
Anorexic bride-to-be Kate Puncher overcame her disorder after her fiance bought her a wedding dress two sizes too big and told her to put on weight to fit it. The fashion world reeled over the death of Eliana Ramos, Uruguayan model – just six months after her model sister, Luisel Ramos, 22, died shortly after stepping off a runway during a fashion show in Montevideo. Germany's Torsten Frings was suspended for the semifinal match for punching Julio Ricardo Cruz.
After convincing victories over Peru and Mexico in the quarter final and semi final respectively, they were favorites to beat Brazil in the final, but were defeated 0-3.
A few weeks back, I started an experiment designed to prove or disprove whether or not the magic, non-decomposing McDonald's hamburgers that have been making their way around the internet are indeed worthy of disgust or even interest. The problem with coming to that conclusion, of course, is that if you are a believer in science (and I certainly hope you are!), in order to make a conclusion, you must first start with a few observable premises as a starting point with which you form a theorem, followed by a reasonably rigorous experiment with controls built in place to verify the validity of that theorem. Thus far, I haven't located a single source that treats this McDonald's hamburger phenomenon in this fashion.
As I said before, that kind of conclusion is both sensationalistic and specious, and has no place in any of the respectable academic circles which A Hamburger Today would like to consider itself an upstanding member of. There are no mold spores present on McDonald's hamburgers, nor in the air in and around where the burgers were stored. Theory 1 is the one most often concluded in the various blogs out there, but there doesn't seem to be strong evidence one way or the other. In the case of these burgers, that means testing a McDonald's burger against a burger that is absolutely known not to contain anything but beef.
I decided to design a series of tests in order to ascertain the likeliness of each one of these separate scenarios (with the exception of the no-air theory, which frankly, doesn't hold wind—get it?). Sample 1: A plain McDonald's hamburger stored on a plate in the open air outside of its wrapper. Sample 2: A plain burger made from home-ground fresh all-natural chuck of the exact dimensions as the McDonald's burger, on a standard store-bought toasted bun. You may notice that my protocols have been slightly expanded since I first laid them out to you a few weeks ago. Every day, I monitored the progress of the burgers, weighing each one, and carefully checking for spots of mold growth or other indications of decay. At this point, it's been 25 days, 23 calm, cool, and collected discussions with my wife about whether that smell in the apartment is coming from the burgers or from the dog, and 16 nights spent sleeping on the couch in the aftermath of those calm, cool, and collected discussions.
Well, here's another piece of evidence: Burger number 6, made with no salt, did not rot either, indicating that the salt level has nothing to do with it.
We can prove this by examining the weight charts between the regular burger and the Quarter Pounder.
This chart represents the amount of weight lost from the burgers through evaporation every day (both starting weights have been normalized to 1). The Quarter Pounder, on the other hand, takes a full 7 days to dehydrate to the same degree. So we've pretty much cleared up all of the confusion, but a keen scientist will notice that one question remains to be answered. The final two burgers I tested were a McDonald's burger and a regular homemade burger of the same dimensions placed in plastic zipper-lock bags side by side. If you're looking to lose weight in the New Year, check out these resolution-inducing before-and-after pics of stars like Kim Kardashian and Christina Aguilera, who shed some serious pounds in 2013! News just broke about Prince’s sudden death, and celebrities are already mourning him on social media.
Stars like Emma Roberts, Alessandra Ambrosio and Kylie Jenner hit the Coachella scene over the weekend. Beyoncé has just announced that she has collaborated with Topshop on an athletic clothing line, Ivy Park! The stars were out in full force at Daily Front Row's Fashion Los Angeles Awards this weekend. Sign up here for exclusive access to all your favorite celebrities and breaking entertainment news! One of the simplest and most effective ways to determine whether or not you may be overweight is by measuring your waist circumference.
The size of your waistline may be the key to a long life, according to an observational study conducted by the Mayo Clinic1, involving nearly 13,000 Americans who were followed for about 14 years. In a presentation in August at the European Society of Cardiology Congress, senior author Francisco Lopez-Jimenez said that people who are of normal weight, but who have a high waist-to-hip ratio (i.e. The increased mortality risk accompanying higher ratios of visceral fat — the fat that accumulates around your internal organs — is likely due, at least in part, to increased insulin resistance.
In related news, the importance of your waist-to-hip ratio was again highlighted in a study2 showing that your waist size may also be a more effective measure for assessing obesity-related hypertension risk. Normally, your blood pressure will drop 10-20 percent during nighttime sleep, compared to your daytime values. The goal of the study was to evaluate the predictive ability of waist-to-hip ratio on nighttime blood pressure dipping, relative to BMI, and while both BMI and waist-to-hip ratio were significant predictors of nighttime dips in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, the waist measurement was more telling.
Certain body compositions do tend to increase your risk of chronic disease, and carrying extra inches around your midsection has been repeatedly shown to increase cardiovascular health risks. Waist circumference is far better than BMI for evaluating whether or not you may have a weight problem, as BMI fails to factor in both how muscular you are, and your intra-abdominal fat mass. Another even simpler method to figure out if you have a weight problem is to measure only your waist circumference (the distance around the smallest area below the rib cage and above your belly button). According to the CDC, high blood pressure is the second greatest public health threat in the US.
Fortunately, this can actually be easier than you might think, but it does require you to make some lifestyle changes.
I recently updated my nutrition plan, which will help guide you step-by-step toward normalizing your insulin and leptin levels, which in turn will help normalize your blood pressure and help you shed excess weight.


Keep in mind that your blood pressure readings can vary significantly from day to day – even from morning to evening, and often within the same hour, so don't panic if you get one high reading here or there. If you're overweight, a size 'average' blood pressure cuff can lead to a falsely elevated blood pressure reading, so make sure your doctor or health care professional is using the right size cuff for your size. Incorrect arm position: If your blood pressure is taken while your arm is parallel to your body, your reading can be up to 10 percent higher than it really is. White coat hypertension, which is an elevation in blood pressure caused by the stress or fear associated with visits to doctors and other medical personnel, can be a transient but serious concern.
Although elevated insulin levels are one of the most potent contributors to elevated blood pressure, it's also common for chronic stress, tension or anxiety to contribute to this problem. To address both of the issues covered in this article: a greater than ideal waist size and high blood pressure, first thing you need to do is remove all grains and sugars, particularly fructose, from your diet until both your weight and your blood pressure have normalized. This is significant because the average American now consumes about 70 grams of fructose EVERY day!
As a standard recommendation, I strongly advise keeping your TOTAL fructose consumption below 25 grams per day. To learn more about how fructose impacts your weight and health, I highly recommend reading Dr. His research shows that metabolic syndrome (characterized by central obesity or increased waist circumference, high blood pressure, and insulin resistance) is actually a normal condition that animals undergo to store fat. Fructose-containing sugars cause weight gain not by the calories they contain, but by triggering this "fat switch," which tells your body it's time to store fat, just as if you were an animal preparing for hibernation.
Even now, with preternaturally childish bodies and voices, the young women admit they struggle to make sense of what has happened to their lives.To the utter despair of their parents — 58-year-old Christy and his wife Clare, 56 — the twins have spent most of their teenage and adult life in and out of various recovery clinics. But what most people don't know is that behind that great look, he battled anorexia and bulimia for most of his adult life.
Lauren Bailey's healthy look masks a ten-year struggle to overcome the condition which nearly killed her after her weight dropped to that of an average five-year-old. She can't pinpoint exactly when her daughter Ruth, now 17, developed the eating disorder that almost killed her, but Dolly, 44, has been on the journey with her, and is ¬brutally honest about where it led. Baumann, who lives in Laguna Niguel, Calif., struggled with anorexia since her high school years, but that it worsened after she got married and began having children.
Isabelle lost her eating disorder battle on November 2010 at age 28 after being treated for an acute respiratory illness. But three years on, after an eight-year battle against anorexia, she has bounced back in the most emphatic fashion by giving birth to a boy.
The ex-model developed the condition after an ex-boyfriend threatened to break up with her if she put on weight, she claimed. The sisters were supposed to appear alongside each other on the catwalk the night Luisel died, but she collapsed before the show's finale.
The hamburger she's been using as a prop is the same plain McDonald's hamburger she's been using for what's now going on 14 years. Artist Sally Davies photographs her 137 day-old hamburger every day for her Happy Meal Art Project. As for number 4, it's probably true that there are no live molds on a hamburger when you first receive it, as they are cooked on an extremely hot griddle from both sides to an internal temperature of at least 165°F—hot enough to destroy any mold. If we are to believe packaging and nutrition labeling (and I see no reason not to), there are preservatives in a McDonald's bun, but no more than in your average loaf of bread from the supermarket.
That's due to several good ideas in the comments section which I incorporated into my testing the day after the initial publication.
The burgers were left in the open air, but handled only with clean kitchen tools or through clean plastic bags (no direct contact with my hands until the last day). Turns out that not only did the regular McDonald's burgers not rot, but the home-ground burgers did not rot either. Sure, there's a slight difference in the actual amount of mold grown, and the homemade patty on the right seems to have shrunk more than the actual Quarter Pounder on the left (I blame that mostly on the way the patties were formed), but on the whole, the results are remarkably similar. As you can see, by the end of 2 weeks, both the regular burgers and the Quarter Pounders ended up losing about 31% of their total weight and are pretty much stable.
As you can see, the blue line representing the regular burger dips down much more precipitously than the red line representing the Quarter Pounder. It's during this extra three day period that the mold growth began to appear (and of course, once the burger had dehydrated sufficiently, the mold growth stopped—the burger looked the same on day 14 as they did on day 7). We've proven that neither a McDonald's burger nor a regular home-made burger will rot given certain specific conditions, but are there conditions we can create that will cause it to rot, and more importantly, will the McDonald's burger rot as fast as the homemade burger? Within a week, both burgers were nearly covered in little white spots of mold, eventually turning into the green and black spotted beast you see above.
Pretty strong evidence in favor of Theory 3: the burger doesn't rot because it's small size and relatively large surface area help it to lose moisture very fast. Kenji Lopez-Alt is the Managing Culinary Director of Serious Eats, and author of the James Beard Award-nominated column The Food Lab, where he unravels the science of home cooking. Mercola and Claire Robinson on GMO Truths and MythsApril 24, 20165 Powerful Benefits of Vitamin DApril 18, 2016Dr. As I've stated in many previous articles, insulin and leptin resistance or signaling impairment, is one of the foundational problems underlying virtually all disease, and visceral fat is associated with insulin resistance and other risk factors.
A lack of nighttime dipping has previously been observed in overweight and obese populations, suggesting a correlation between non-dipping nighttime blood pressure and an increased risk of hypertension. Your waist size is also a powerful indicator of insulin sensitivity, as studies clearly show that measuring your waist size is one of the most powerful ways to predict your risk for diabetes.
This is done by measuring the circumference of your hips at the widest part, across your buttocks.
Insulin resistance and elevated uric acid levels are significantly associated with hypertension, so any program adopted to address high blood pressure needs to help normalize these two factors. My plan summarizes all I have learned from treating over 25,000 patients and reviewing tens of thousands of articles on natural health. If you are on medication, you will be delighted to know that this nutrition plan tends to normalize elevated blood pressures in the vast majority of people to the point you may no longer need your blood pressure medication. It is when your blood pressure remains consistently elevated that significant health problems can occur. Blood pressure readings should always be taken with your arm at a right angle to your body. After you begin my nutrition plan and follow it for several months, if you don't see an improvement in your blood pressure I'd recommend seeking out a health care professional who is well-versed in using stress-relief methods, such as the Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) for example. Again, following my comprehensive nutrition plan can help you take control of your diet in an incremental manner.


Worse yet, about 25 percent of all Americans consume over 134 grams of fructose a day, according to research by Dr.
However, for most people – especially if you struggle with high blood pressure and insulin resistance – it would be wise to limit your fructose to 15 grams or less, as it is virtually guaranteed that you will consume "hidden" sources of fructose from most beverages and just about any processed food you might eat. Animals' ability to gain "hibernation fat" appears to be regulated by a switch in the mitochondria that is turned on and off by a common food that no longer provides survival advantage to humans living in contemporary society, namely fructose. Furthermore, uric acid is increased by fructose, and also causally contributes to obesity and insulin resistance.
Johnson's book, The Fat Switch which has been described as the "Holy Grail" for those struggling with their weight.
Through a regime of chronic starvation, self-induced vomiting and relentless exercise, he whittled his body down to practically nothing.
After suffering from anorexia half her life, Rebecca's tiny frame fits easily into clothes designed for seven to eight year olds. The 26-year-old, who would obsessively pace the streets from 6am to 6pm, spent 18 months in hospital in a last-ditch bid to overcome her anorexia. Isabelle appeared in posters for an anti-anorexia campaign in 2007, but the ads were banned in several countries.
Her son Michael was born weighing a healthy 7lb 14oz, something that would have been unthinkable when she was at her lowest ebb.She had been fighting the condition since she was 11.
She hit 25kg (4st) at one stage, surviving on nothing but mints and using laxatives.She was told the damage done to her body meant she would never be able to have children. Miss Eliana, 18, was found dead in her home in Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, on Tuesday. It looks pretty much identical to how it did the day she bought it, and she's not had to use any means of preservation. Nonna Joann has chosen to store her happy meal for a year on her blog rather than feed it to her kids. Samples one through five had shrunk a bit (especially the beef patties), but they showed no signs of decomposition. That a Quarter Pounder grows mold but a regular-sized McDonald's burger doesn't is some pretty strong evidence in support of Theory 3 from above.
In fact, 93% of the moisture loss in a regular burger occurs within the first three days, which means that unless mold gets a chance to grow within that time frame, it's pretty much never going to grow. For the record, the Angus Third Pounder also showed a similar degree of mold growth in the same time frame. A restaurant-trained chef and former Editor at Cook's Illustrated magazine, he is the author of upcoming The Food Lab: Better Home Cooking Through Science, to be released on September 21st, 2015 by W. It has been my experience that many people are in denial about being overweight, as being "large" has become more or less the norm. Then measure your waist at the smallest circumference of your natural waist, just above your belly button. It's a free resource that can help you and your family radically improve your health, or take it to the next level if you've already started making changes.
To decrease your risk of being falsely diagnosed with hypertension in this situation, I'd encourage you to take a moment to calm down, then breathe deeply and relax when you're getting your blood pressure taken. Richard Johnson, chief of the division of kidney disease and hypertension at the University of Colorado, and author of two books on the dangers of fructose, The Sugar Fix, and The Fat Switch. In it, he reviews groundbreaking new research showing that eating too much and exercising too little are NOT solely responsible for why you keep gaining weight or have trouble shedding those excess pounds. Effective treatment of obesity therefore requires turning off your fat switch — by avoiding fructose, which is the trigger — and improving the function of your cells' mitochondria.
Weighing just five stone, the young mother weighs less than her daughter, despite standing eight inches taller."Wearing the same clothes as Maisy gives me a sense of pride.
Her 5ft 7in frame was down to 5st 1oz, and doctors warned she could have ten days left to live if she did not start to put weight on. But when she became engaged to firefighter Barry, 30, he told her to start eating or there would be no wedding. While no medical report was immediately released after Eliana's death, Judge Roberto Timbal says that she died of a heart attack. Dozens of other examples exist, and most of them come to the same conclusion: McDonald's hamburgers don't rot. Their beef is also (according to them) 100% ground beef, so nothing funny going on there, is there? Because of the larger size of a Quarter Pounder, it simply takes longer to dehydrate, giving mold more of a chance to grow. A completely dehydrated product that will never rot, as without moisture, nothing can survive. Of course, that the meat is pretty much sterile to begin with due to the high cooking temperature helps things along as well.
But just because something is common does not mean it's a "healthy normal." And we're not talking about aesthetics here.
I hid it well."Baumann says that it was during her second pregnancy when she gained a measly 3 pounds that she saw her anorexia worsen. I don't think I'm thin - I always see myself as bigger." The medical secretary survives on soup, toast and energy drinks – even though doctors have warned her the lack of nutrients could kill her.
She began eating three meals a day to put 20kg (3st) on her then 30kg (4st 9lb) frame and was even too big for her dress at the final fitting.
An hour and a half of cardio -- running, biking and even volleyball -- was typical for her up until she gave birth. But expert medical help and the support of her parents saw her pull back from the brink, and finally she and her partner were thrilled to discover she was pregnant.
The couple, from Glasgow, married in Cuba in 2009 and Mrs Puncher has since given birth to a daughter.
Even when Baumann almost miscarried Whitney at the beginning of her pregnancy, cutting out exercise and increasing her daily caloric intake was not an option.Finally suffering from chest pain, Baumann went to the emergency room and after doctors told her that her organs were failing, checked into an in-patient treatment center in Arizona. Today, Baumann maintains a healthy weight and lifestyle and is proud that both her daughters live similarly healthy lives.



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