These [drawings of the surrounding mountains] was all taken from the shape of their tops as appeared from the camp on Tuesday 24 of November, 1846.
We traveled from these hills the same direction as we had the day before, southwest, making 12 in the morning and 18 in the afternoon, making 30 miles. This morning marched 10 miles and came to these hills where we are now passing southwest direction to find a pass, if possible, for the wagons into another valley. We continued our course, southeast, until we make 20 miles and camped on another plain between the mountains on a creek in the center of the flats.
We have had some beautiful plains to pass over as we have come along, but a lack of water and timber. This morning the whole guard has to go on extra duty because one man run his bayonet in a mule. We traveled until 10 oa€™clock and I got ahead of all the train and stopped and took a picture of the mountains around. There was in the evening, an Indian Chief come in and told us that we was on the right road and that last summer there was one wagon went down where we was calculating to go yesterday. Accordingly, on Sunday morning the 29th day, all hands was engaged in fixing for a pass to go into the valley.
We left one wagon above and yesterday another as we was descending and we are not yet down and out of this hole that is here marked out. On the north is a hollow where water sometimes rises, putting down from the mountain into the river or creek.
The weather is rather cool and the clouds are in the west, hovering over the mountains as far as you can see. This chain of hills or mountains runs from 12 miles southwest from here to the northwest, out of sight running northwest. On the sixth day, the camp traveled through the brush for about 12 miles and passed in among the hills and I found a beautiful grove of young timber of ash and a kind of walnut, a little like black walnut and a great variety of other wood or brush which grows on the mountains and in the valleys, good to burn. This place is where the camp passed through into a small valley, where we found an old yard that we understand from one of our guides was built by the man who owned the little town we passed through. One of the Spanish drovers left and went to the Spanish settlement below here a short distance. This is a large valley and we are calculating to descend it northwest until we come to the river Saint Padra.
I awoke and told my dream and went to sleep and dreamed that I was called up by the brethren to tell it which I did and told them I thought it was for not keeping the covenants, but use the name of the Lord, their God in vain and it had become common language to curse each other.
The bottom land here is about one mile wide, with now and then a scrape of bottom much wider. This day, some of our hunters informed me that they have seen a number of bear tracks and one was the width of his hand and length of his thumb.
I understand there is a plenty of wild oxen here among these hills, which is excellent beef.
These bottoms look like the best of soil in these valleys for about one mile wide, some places wider.
Where our camp is, a small town called a€?Barnadenoa€™, once owned by a rich man who built it for himself. Last night I took a view of our camping ground and saw that it was like the one we had the night before.
This is the mountains east are very high, running south until they come against this camp, then they turn east rounding corner and then turns north as I have laid down on another map down the St. As curious a thing as I have seen with thorns, is the large prickly pear or water plant or tree, which is often as high as 20 feet, 16 inches over.
On the morning of the 18 of December {LNa€™s note: This day was the 32nd birthday of Levia€™s wife, Clarissa Reed Hancock.
These mountains are from the left of the center line, running southeast to northwest and on the other side of the road is mountains that are as high as these on the left.
This land that we have passed between here and town is baron, desolate waste and nothing grows here and it looks like the best of land, a plenty of wood here, fires. North, half mile from the road to the foot on the right of this center line as I was facing the mountain, I took this map.
I then looked and I stood at the right hand of him and expected he would say something, but did not. I remembered a dream I had before, which was this: I saw him all alone and said I, a€?There is my fathera€? and got him by the hand and said, a€?Bless me, O my father. These mountains are those that are on the right hand and is about the same distance and height of those on the left. Along our last days travel, which is the 21 day and I am now in camp, in the borders of the Pema town or on the east side of town.
This, the 22 day of December, on Tuesday morning, we left our first camping ground on the Hely and went down this river 8 miles to the Pemo village and pitched our tents.
On the 24th day, I got in conversation with one of our guides and showed him my map of Hely River and the Colorado, Salt and Francisco. Marched at 10 oa€™clock from our camp and the maricopers and raveled southwest by west 8 miles, then by the end of the mountains four miles southwest then west, far enough to make 18 miles and camped on the desert on the left hand side of some hills. This is Christmas Day and yesterday there was watermelon brought in camp for sale and they was good melons, too. I saw the Chief last night and he said that he knew who we was and some time he meant to go and see the Mormons in California. In one hollow or gully, it is said that this valley is the best of any and that here is a good place for raising any kind of grain, also anything of the fruit kind, and by the looks of the land here, it seems that a nation might be fed here as in Egypt, by watering the land which might be easily done. Early in the morning, the old doctor came to one tent where some had been boiling beans and asked, a€?What is this?a€? a€?Beans and corn.a€? was the answer. This day I had a talk with Brother Dikes and traveled about 2 miles with him, in which time he told me that he had wanted some conversation for some time and would be glad if I would give him some council and then said that there was considerable feelings existing against him in the Battalion and he would like to do right and that he considered that I was the one to come to get council. I told him I already had that laid to me and I had had a put down for it when there never had been any cause for it and if I should give any council, it would be said again that I sought power and authority and I had concluded not to give any council to any officer, lest it should cause further jealousy. And then he said that he could clear himself of the charges that was against him and that he had defied any man to prove either Eclyseastacle or Military Law against him, for he had kept them both and when he got to the Church things he thought would be differently represented and would not appear as bad as many suppose and then asked me if I did not think that he had better be independent and do the thing strictly according to law.
This day we traveled ten miles and come to the river northwest, then turned west by north and went ten miles further and being 18 miles over the best kind of land.
James Pace has now brought in a petrified bone which he wished was in the Church, which must have an enormous large animal, about 9 inches across one end, four inches the other way.


We came to the top of the hill and the mountains presented a sight and I stopped and drew the shape of them. This day made 7 miles over the hill, down on the flats near the bank of the river near a mountain which many ascended and viewed the country and I could see the winding Hely for a long distance. While passing along down the bottoms today, I saw another prickly body of the pear or appears to be a species of the same, in another form here.
I tell the brethren to wait until they can have a hearing before the authorities of he Church and to be as patient as possible. But, thank God we have served 6 months, save eleven days and we will try to heave it as good soldiers, although our shoes are worn out, our torn clothes are all almost gone, the skins of beavers are used for moccasins. Took a northwest course for four miles and turned around a mountain and in two miles further west, I took the shape of the end of the long mountains seen a long way back. Here the river has a bend and the valleys are not so wide as they are above, and sometimes to be narrow down below here, which is a southwest course from here and looks like the worst of going. These hills was seen west of northwest a long ways back and sometimes the peak that is above, was west. After we had turned around here, we had to pass through the bottoms, the thickest kind of brush and small cane and cottonwood or poplar, willow and many other kinds of small brush.
I have now got in camp and the course we traveled from the bluffs was a northwest course for about two miles and began to bear a little around towards the west and now we are going west and I take some peaks that I can just see on the top of a hill or mountain as we are on the bottoms. We traveled through sand and over gravel, course and fine, until we made 12 miles and camped on the bank of the Colorado. There is no chance for any landscape here, only on the other side and up stream is a mountain. I thought I would go and see him myself not knowing it was against orders, as I afterwards heard it was. I am now about 8 miles from our last nighta€™s camp and while on my way here I sometimes discovered something on the ground that looked like a red clear stone. Hah-yo-de-yah, is all he scrub that grows here on this desert and no grass and in the aroyohs, muskeet and a few other scrubs. This day traveled northwest by west course until we came to where men was digging a well and found water, but it was poor and but little of it and we was ordered to march on to the next, which was 20 miles ahead. This day made 18 miles over some hills of sand and the bottoms or flats was gravel and sand.
In the hollow, when we got to the top of this hill, we saw that there was no outlet to this valley, nor inlet.
Last night, one man catched up with us who had been sent back after a p low that had been left on Hely River by the commissary. Here is a vineyard that looks beautiful and I am told that there have been clusters of grapes that would weigh 14 pounds and that not uncommon. We put up, making 20 miles this day, by a good creek that would make the best of mill seats, not more than two rods to dam in between the mountains of rocks and there might be a lake formed big enough to water all the country below, but lack of building timber here.
It made me think of the storm when Joseph Smith was with us between the two Fishing Rivers, only here we had no thunder. Once I felt it in my heart and although our men, many of them had become basically wicked, He would spare them.
4 miles from last nights camp and in plain sight of the snow top mountain described here, which I took yesterday and soon after I took it, I ascended a hill and looked at the northwest and between the hills down a valley, I saw a wide extended plain and an arm of the big waters, putting up a point of land, running into the sea about northwest. At the northeast mountains covered with snow and here it is hot and all things in bloom, birds singing and all around presents a beautiful sight.
Mix all ingredients together in a saucepan, bringA to a boil, reduce heat and simmer until butter is melted.
Instructions: Combine olive oil, cider vinegar and sugar in a saucepan, bring to a boil, remove from heat, and cool to room temperature. Stir pinto beans, black-eyed peas, corn, onion, red bell pepper, and green chilies together in a large bowl.
Unroll second crust, and place on top, seal the edges, trim off excess with a knife and flute edge of pie with either a fork.
Salt is one of the main ingredients in almost every good rub, and it's great for creating flavor.
Combine A? c sugar, 3 T hot chili powder, 1 T dried parsley, 1 T onion powder, 1 T garlic powder, 1 T lemonade powder, 2 t black pepper, and 1 t each: sage, marjoram, cumin, dill, mustard powder, basil and celery seed.
Then apply the rub and let the ribs sit in the fridge for at least two hours and up to over night. As the rub I was using had lemonade powder in it, I decided to build on those flavors with some hard lemonade as my liquid for moisture. Although this picture didn't turn out the greatest, I can tell you that the ribs were fantastic! DISCLOSURE: Skia€™s Meat Market has paid to sponsor this blog post and provided me with a rack of ribs for the purpose of mentioning it in this article.
I made pulled pork the other night and had quite a bit left over so I came up with these delicious pork turnovers.
When I heard that KFC took their 11 secret ingredients and mad some tasty nail polish, A I had to find out more. Once the temperature reaches 205A°, take it out of the smoker and let it rest for 30 minutes or so. I have been making chili for many years, and I have entered my recipe in several chili cook-offs and have won a few trophies!! In a large pot, brown ground beef, after it's browned, add onion and cook for a couple minutes, until onions are tender. If you’re like me, and you’ve watched more food documentaries than you can count, and you know about some of the health benefits of switching to a meat-free diet, but for some reason you just aren’t quite ready to make the leap, these facts may just give you that extra push.
Meat, cheese and highly processed foods can cause a spike of inflammation in your body within hours of consumption.
Red meat, poultry, cheese and other animal products contain saturated fat, which is a key factor in elevating blood cholesterol levels.
The obesity rate in the general public is extremely high, but it is found to be much lower in vegetarians.
Animal products are loaded with contaminants such as hormones, herbicides, pesticides and antibiotics, all of which can cause health problems. There are many ways that switching to a plant-based diet can have a positive impact on the environment.


Becoming a vegetarian has many health benefits that may just be worth giving up your typical Thanksgiving turkey, Fourth of July burgers and hot dogs, and Christmas ham. We passed over the best kind of land I ever saw and came to another creek, putting down from the west into this river large enough to carry a grist mill continually and might be brought onto a overshot wheel as clear as crystal. Dip shrimp in the corn flour, coat well, and place into hot oil, making sure not to overcrowd the pan.
A After rinsing and patting the ribs dry, I use some sort of binder or adhesive to help the rub stick better.
I thought to myself, "Where have you been all my life, cornbread salad?" It's kind of like potato salad made with cornbread instead of potatoes. It's hard to make it the same way every time, but I recommend adjusting seasonings to your personal taste. Cutting meat out of your diet can aid in weight loss, provide a boost in energy, reduce your risk of heart disease, and more. As a response to animal fat, our arteries are paralyzed and their ability to open is cut in half, and our lungs also become inflamed. Elevated blood cholesterol levels dramatically increase your risk for heart disease and stroke, which have been named among the top killers in the U.S. Several studies have found that a higher intake of animal protein is associated with a long-term risk of developing diabetes. According to a study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, caloric intake in meat-eaters and vegetarians was similar, but meat-eaters had a much higher rate of obesity.
A high percentage of all the flesh from chickens, turkeys, cows, fish and pigs butchered every year in the U.S. If you’re still deciding whether or not to make the switch, try cutting out meat for a week or two, and see if you feel any different.
A While I have used honey, syrup and olive oil - most of the time my go-to is plain ol' yellow mustard. In a large skillet, cook beef and onion over medium-high heat, stirring occasionally, until beef is brown. It's chilled in a spicy tomato juice cocktail with shrimp, avocado, red onions and cilantro!
A As I planned on using pineapple in the finished product, I added pineapple juice to the water pan for some added flavor.
A My family (aside from me) likes it more on the mild side, so I only used 4-5 jalapenos (de-seeded), and about 14 oz of crushed pineapple.
When this pie comes out of the oven, it releases the most wonderful, irresistible aromas of the Italian meats and cheeses! Vegetarians have been shown to have a lower risk of dying of heart disease, and studies have shown that when people turn to plant-based diets, their blood cholesterol levels drop by 35%.
Animal fat, animal-based (heme) iron and nitrate preservatives in meat have been found to damage pancreatic cells, worsen inflammation, cause weight gain, and even impair our insulin functions — all which can increase the risk for type 2 diabetes. Meat-eaters also had the lowest intake of plant proteins, beta carotene, fiber, magnesium, and the highest intake of heart disease-linked fatty acids. If you’re fighting meat cravings, there are some amazing vegetarian and vegan recipes out there that you can try! A Interestingly, I didn't notice any real lemon highlights in the meat, but it was darn good! Simply zap it (short duration for small citrus, longer duration for larger), let it rest for a moment, squeeze as you normally would. A For me, once I'm done with the smoke, I like to wrap it in foil and put it back in for the rest of the time. You can always combine all the ingredients and put in your slow cooker and slow cook it on low for 8 hours, it makes it ever BETTER! Dredge each chicken in flour and brown each side over medium heat until golden, about 3-4 minutes in butter. Long term effects of continuous inflammation can lead to heart disease, diabetes, autoimmune diseases and even cancer. Plant-based diets are also rich in fiber, which reduces blood cholesterol levels, and cutting out meat can have a positive effect on those who need cholesterol-lowering drugs. A vegetarian diet low in fat and rich in fresh vegetables, fruits and whole grains may lead to healthy weight loss. Nearly 80% of land deforested in the Amazon is now used as cattle pasture, and to produce one pound of animal protein versus one pound of soy protein, it takes about 12 times as much land, 13 times as much fossil fuel, and 15 times as much water!
Add beans, tomatoes, crushed tomatoes, chili seasoning, V-8, apple cider vinegar and spices. Plant-based diets are anti-inflammatory in a natural way, because they are abundant in plant fiber and antioxidants, and significantly lower in inflammatory triggers such as saturated fat and endotoxins — toxins released from bacteria commonly found in animal products. Consuming contaminated meat can cause food poisoning, with symptoms ranging from stomach cramps to organ failure and even death. Switching to a diet free of meat, dairy and eggs saves 50% more carbon emissions than driving a Prius. Once they are all rolled up, pour the remaining enchilada sauce over the top, covering all the rolled up tortillas. Unroll pie crust dough and place in a lightly greased 9 inch pie pan, fit into pan with edges overlapping.
The CDC estimates that each year roughly 1 in 6 Americans (or 48 million people) get sick, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 of them die of food-borne diseases.
By going vegetarian, you can reduce the impact of climate change and rain forest destruction and pollution, while saving water and other natural resources.
Staying away from meat could help save you from dangerous foodborne viruses, bacteria and parasites, providing that you consume fresh, organic produce.
Use any remaining dough to cut out dough leaves ( if desired.) Brush the top with the beaten egg.



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