Antiviral drugs for herpes during pregnancy,sta je herpes simplex 1 outbreaks,best homeopathic medicine for heart disease - Videos Download

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There is always the tendency to err on the side of caution when it comes to taking any kind of medication or pharmaceutical drugs during pregnancy for the apprehension that it may result in birth defects in the baby. Until now, it was unclear whether medications used to treat Herpes and shingles such as antiviral drugs acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir were safe for use during pregnancy.
New research has shown that women may be able to take some of these antiviral medications for herpes and shingles without the fear that this will harm their baby or cause birth defects. According to the researchers there was no significant link between these anti herpes drugs and any major birth defects. It was also recommended by the researchers, that the drug that was more widely prescribed antiviral for herpes Acyclovir should be the drug of choice if anti herpes medication was required to be prescribed during early pregnancy. However, the same reassurance was not given about the other anti herpes drugs Famciclovir and valacyclovir since data regarding these was deemed insufficient. Whether it is Oral herpes or Genital Herpes, which are the most common forms of infection from the Herpes Simplex virus, there is as such no accepted herpes cure.
While the infection is treatable in that the symptoms are able to be controlled and even negated, there is no way to rid the body of the virus once it enters and establishes itself into the system. Typically herpes sufferers experience outbreaks or periods when the active disease is active.
These periods may last 2 to 21 days, and then the sufferer will typically experience a remission period; during this time the sores disappear.
Though there is no herpes cure as such, many people do become asymptomatic over a period of several years and even though they may no longer be experiencing outbreaks, they could well still be infectious to others. In the absence of a herpes cure, there have been clinical trials attempted to try and develop an effective herpes vaccine, however nothing demonstrably effective has emerged so far.
What is usually prescribed for treatment of herpes is antiviral drugs that are able to reduce the severity of symptoms, and reduce or even eliminate the occurrence of outbreaks whereas the medications reduce the severity of the symptoms, they also reduce the rate at which the virus reproduces and so the immune system of the body is better able to cope. Herpes sufferers also have periods of asymptomatic viral shedding which such medications can control.
Topical herpes cures are those treatments that are applied directly to the affected area to reduce inflammation or sores or making them reduce in size or by preventing entrance of the virus into the skin.
Such topical herpes medications are usually gel or cream form and can help in reducing symptoms and helping by quickening the healing process. Additionally of course one can take pain relievers to help control painful symptoms, avoid use of perfumes and cosmetics that contain chemicals that could exacerbate symptoms, wear suitable clothing which will not chafe or irritate skin conditions and also avoid excessive heat exposure so that irritation and reaction can be reduced. It is estimated that at least one in five adults is infected with the virus, but many of these have no symptoms and do not know they have the virus. Herpes infectionGenital herpes is an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2, which is transmitted through sexual intercourse.
Herpes simplex virus type 2 is transmitted through sexual contact, being highly contagious when the patient has active lesions (the symptoms will be explained below). The frequency of virus shedding is becoming smaller as the years pass from the first appearance of herpes. Herpes simplex virus Whenever the patient has a crisis, its transmission rate rises again, going back to last fall as the crisis is getting older.
HIV-positive patients who also have genital herpes are the group with the highest transmission possibility during the asymptomatic phase. The herpes simplex virus type 1 often causes lesions only in the mouth, but can be transmitted to the genitals during oral sex.
The herpes simplex virus type 2 survives for a very little time in the environment, transmission through clothing or towels is uncommon. The use of condoms reduces the chance of transmission, but does not eliminate it completely, since the herpes lesions can appear in the genital areas that are not covered by the condom. Most patients who become infected with herpes simplex virus type 2 do not develop the disease, remaining asymptomatic and unaware of the infection. Herpes infection The first time that the lesions of genital herpes occur after the patient has been infected is called the primary infection. The symptoms of genital herpes tend to develop in three to seven days after intercourse responsible for the infection, but in some cases may take up to two weeks. Besides the typical lesions of herpes, primary infection is usually accompanied with other symptoms such as fever, malaise and body ache.
The lesions in primary infection of genital herpes usually take on average 20 days to disappear. Herpes recurrencesAfter primary infection genital herpes lesions disappear remaining silent for several months.
The recurrent lesions tend to be less painful and last for about 10 days, half the time of primary infection. Days before the lesions recur, the patient may experience some symptoms of warning, like an itchy labia majora, a penile numbness or tingling in the genital region.
In some cases the patient may not develop symptoms of primary infection soon after infection, ulcers can appear only years later, after some event that reduces your immunity. Herpes diagnosis The lesions of genital herpes are typical during the crisis and are easily recognized by experienced physicians.
The tests can identify the virus, but do not provide information on when the patient was infected. Herpes drugsAlthough there is no cure for genital herpes, infection can be controlled with antiviral therapy. Three antiviral drugs are used for the treatment of genital herpes: Acyclovir (Zovirax), Famciclovir (Famvir), Valacyclovir (Valtrex).
In patients with more than six outbreaks per year can be indicated suppressive therapy, which consists of continuous daily use of an antiviral at low doses to avoid recurrences. In addition to the antiviral drugs, certain home therapy can be used to alleviate the symptoms of an outbreak of genital herpes. What You Need to Know About Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia By the National Cancer Institute Chronic. What You Need to Know About Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia By the National Cancer Institute Chronic. Sexually Transmitted Disease A sexually transmitted disease (STD) is a disease transmitted through sexual contact between two people. Description In the United States, about 85 percent of the most common infectious diseases can be spread by sexual contact. Sexually transmitted diseases are often mild infections that can be cleared up with simple medical treatment. Chlamydia Chlamydial diseases are caused by microscopic bacterial organisms that belong to the family chlamydia (pronounced kluh-MID-ee-uh). Symptoms Chlamydia is known as a "silent" disease because about three quarters of infected women and about half of infected men have no symptoms.


Women Women who have symptoms might have an abnormal vaginal discharge or a burning sensation when urinating. Men Men with signs or symptoms might have a discharge from their penis or a burning sensation when urinating. Untreated In women, untreated infection can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).pelvic inflammatory disease PID can cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding tissues. Symptoms The first outbreak usually occurs within two weeks after the virus is transmitted, and the sores typically heal within two to four weeks. Complications Genital herpes can cause recurrent painful genital sores in many adults, and herpes infection can be severe in people with suppressed immune systems.
Treatment There is no treatment that can cure herpes, but antiviral medications can shorten and prevent outbreaks during the period of time the person takes the medication. Trichomoniasis Trichomoniasis is caused by the single- celled protozoan parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis.
Symptoms Most men with trichomoniasis do not have signs or symptoms; however, some men may temporarily have an irritation inside the penis, mild discharge, or slight burning after urination or ejaculation.
Treatment Trichomoniasis can usually be cured with prescription drugs, either metronidazole or tinidazole, given by mouth in a single dose. Hepatitis B Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease caused by a virus which is called hepatitis B virus (HBV).
Occurrence One out of 20 people in the United States have been infected with HBV some time during their lives. Genital HPV Infection Is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV).
Transmission The types of HPV that infect the genital area are spread primarily through genital contact.
Treatment There is no "cure" for HPV infection, although in most women the infection goes away on its own.
Washington, Aug 25 : Use of certain antiviral drugs during pregnancy not linked to higher risk of major birth defects, according to a new study. An analysis of data from Denmark found no associated increased risk of major birth defects for mothers who were exposed during the first trimester of pregnancy to the antiviral drugs acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir, often used to treat herpes simplex and herpes zoster infections. The prevalence of herpes simplex is high, and more than 1 percent of susceptible women acquire herpes simplex during the first trimester of pregnancy, with antiviral treatment indicated for a significant number of women in pregnancy. The study included 837,795 live-born infants in Denmark from January 1996 to September 2008. Nationwide registries were used to ascertain individual-level information on dispensed antiviral drugs, birth defect diagnoses and potential confounders (factors that can influence outcomes). Adjusting for several variables, acyclovir, valacyclovir, or famciclovir exposure at any time in the first trimester was not associated with increased risk of major birth defects. First-trimester use of acyclovir, the most commonly prescribed antiviral, was not associated with major birth defects (32 cases among 1,561 exposed [2.0 percent] vs. Additional analyses revealed no associations between antiviral drug exposure and 13 different subgroups of birth defects, but the number of exposed cases in each subgroup was small. Facebook Twitter Buffer It is usually believed that antiviral medications consumed by expecting mothers elevate the risk of major birth defects. Herpes simplex is presumed to be a common infection reported by 1 percent women during the first trimester of pregnancy. The authors adjusted several variables and observed that acyclovir, valacyclovir or famciclovir exposure at any time in the first trimester is not related to elevated risk of major birth defects. Now, however, research published in the Journal of the American Medical Association says that certain antiviral medications for Herpes may be safe to take during early pregnancy. All material provided on this website is provided for informational or educational purposes only.
Individuals who have genital herpes are encouraged to talk to a sexual partner, use condoms and take other measures to prevent transmission. The herpes simplex virus type 1 can cause genital herpes as well, but is usually associated with herpes labialis.
A big problem is that genital herpes transmission can occur even in times when the patient is asymptomatic.
The disposal out of the crisis is greatest in the first three months after primary infection. 70% of transmissions of genital herpes occur in the asymptomatic phase, since during the crises the patient usually avoids having sex. Once infected, patients with type 1 herpes can transmit the disease in the same way that patients infected with the second type. For example, a herpes lesion on the scrotum remains exposed even with the proper use of condoms. They can arise in lymph nodes groin area, and if the ulcers are close to the urethra, there may be intense pain while urinating. In women lesions may be visible outside the vagina, but they usually occur inside, where they are hidden.
In most patients the infection emerges from time to time, in some cases, more than once a year. Among the most common are extreme physical exertion, emotional stress, illness, recent surgery, excessive sun exposure and immunosuppression. In these cases, in spite of the first appearance of the wounds, the disease behaves more like a recurrence than as primary infection, being shorter and less painful. If there is need for laboratory confirmation, or if the damage is not very typical, the doctor may take samples of ulcers for virus identification. The antiviral treatment serves to accelerate the healing of injuries, alleviate the symptoms to prevent complications and reduce the risk of transmission to others.
People with a history of recurrent genital herpes are often advised to keep a stock of antiviral medication at home, in order to start treatment as soon as the first signs of a recurrence. The advantage of suppressive therapy is that it reduces the frequency and duration of relapse, and can also reduce the risk of transmission of herpes virus to the uninfected partner. Some experts recommend pause treatment periodically (every few years) to determine if the suppressive therapy is still required.
They may be transmitted through the exchange of semen, blood, and other body fluids or by direct body contact. The rate of STD infection in the United States is more than 50 times as great as that in other developed countries. When the infection spreads from the cervix to the fallopian tubes (tubes that carry fertilized eggs from the ovaries to the uterus), some women still have no signs or symptoms; others have lower abdominal pain, low back pain, nausea, fever, pain during intercourse, or bleeding between menstrual periods. The damage can lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus).potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy Complications among men are rare.


Other signs and symptoms during the primary episode may include a second crop of sores, and flu-like symptoms, including fever and swollen glands. Regardless of severity of symptoms, genital herpes frequently causes psychological distress in people who know they are infected. Some women have signs or symptoms of infection which include a frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor.
The symptoms of trichomoniasis in infected men may disappear within a few weeks without treatment.
HBV is not spread through food or water, sharing eating utensils, breastfeeding, hugging, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or casual contact. At least 50 percent of sexually active men and women acquire genital HPV infection at some point in their lives. Most HPV infections have no signs or symptoms; therefore, most infected persons are unaware they are infected, yet they can transmit the virus to a sex partner. They can be raised or flat, single or multiple, small or large, and sometimes cauliflower shaped. The treatments provided are directed to the changes in the skin or mucous membrane caused by HPV infection, such as warts and pre- cancerous changes in the cervix.
Participants had no diagnoses of chromosomal aberrations, genetic syndromes, birth defect syndromes with known causes, or congenital viral infections. A recent study suggests that intake of certain antiviral drugs like acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir are not associated to the risk of such defects.
The authors initiated a registry-based study to highlight the probable link between acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir use in the first trimester of pregnancy and major birth defects. A total of 1,804 pregnancies were exposed to acyclovir, valacyclovir, or famciclovir at any time in the first trimester. It was concluded that first-trimester use of acyclovir, probably the most commonly prescribed antiviral, was not linked with major birth defects. Having commenced further investigations, the experts were apparently unable to highlight links between antiviral drug exposure and 13 different subgroups of birth defects. Therefore, even when the virus is eliminated intermittently, the patient can transmit genital herpes to your partner(s). After 10 years of infection, the transmission out of the crisis is becoming increasingly less common. The difference is that crises are usually milder and less frequent, and the transmission out of the crisis is less common.
In patients who develop symptoms, the clinical picture is divided into two situations: primary infection and recurrence.
90% of patients experience a recurrence in the first interval of 18 months after primary infection. In asymptomatic phases it is possible to investigate the herpes infection through serology, which can identify both the herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2. Women who are having pain urinating may feel less discomfort during the sitz bath or a shower with warm water.
Experts estimate that 1 in 4 of all sexually active Americans will get an STD at least once in their lives. Infection sometimes spreads to the epididymis (the tube that carries sperm from the testis), causing pain, fever, and, rarely, sterility. When signs do occur, they typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. The infection also may cause discomfort during intercourse and urination, as well as irritation and itching of the female genital area. However, an infected man, even a man who has never had symptoms or whose symptoms have stopped, can continue to infect or re-infect a female partner until he has been treated. People of all ages get hepatitis B and about 5,000 die each year from sickness caused by HBV. Others are called "low-risk" types, and they may cause mild Pap test abnormalities or genital warts. They can appear on the vulva, in or around the vagina or anus, on the cervix, and on the penis, scrotum, groin, or thigh. The medications are probably prescribed to patients with herpes simplex and herpes zoster infections. Consequently, it has immediate clinical implications and may support informed decisions on safety when prescribing antivirals for herpes infections in early pregnancy. Usually in a period of 100 days, the patient has 2 or 3 times of eliminating the virus asymptomatically. 400 patients with genital herpes were studied for more than 10 years and sampled out of the genitals of seizures for a period of 30 days.
The lesions of genital herpes can also arise at any point of the perineum and around the anus of the patient who practice anal sex. However, there are cases in which recurrence is not possible to identify any triggering factor. The problem is that, as the first appearance of the wound, the patient tends to think he has been infected recently, and this often causes problems in couples with a stable relationship for years. About twelve million new STD infections occur in the United States each year with teenagers between the ages of sixteen and nineteen accounting for 1 in 4 cases. The blisters break, leaving tender ulcers (sores) that may take two to four weeks to heal the first time they occur.
Genital warts are single or multiple growths or bumps that appear in the genital area, and sometimes are cauliflower shaped.
After sexual contact with an infected person, warts may appear within weeks or months, or not at all.
It was mentioned that the volunteers had no diagnoses of chromosomal aberrations, genetic syndromes, and birth defect syndromes with known causes, or congenital viral infections. Acyclovir is the most extensively documented antiviral and should therefore be the drug of choice in early pregnancy, while data on valacyclovir and famciclovir are still insufficient.
Patients usually having frequent recurrences are those who have a prolonged primary infection with herpes initial lesions lasting more than one month. In these situations it is very difficult to establish precisely when the patient was infected and whoor what was the cause.



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