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Correspondence Address:Yunman LiDepartment of Physiology, China Pharmaceutical University, Mailbox 207 Tongjiaxiang 24, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009, P. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), diabetes is classified into three categories, namely, upper, middle and lower type diabetes. According to TCM, Yin deficiency combined with inappropriate diet and psychological disturbance causes diabetes. Traditional Chinese Medicines For Type 2 Diabetes Herbal Medicine Type 2 diabetes is treated with either a single herb or herbal formulations. An adjutant ingredient is added to the formula to improve the effectiveness of the principal ingredient and reduce or eliminate adverse side effects of the principal and associate ingredients. Bottle Gourd Pills and decoctions containing 3 grams of bottle gourd are recommended in TCM for reducing the blood sugar level. Psidium Gnajava Decoctions prepared with the leaves of Psidium gnajava is recommended in TCM for lowering the blood sugar level. Golden Thread Berberine, the key active component in golden thread, is a powerful anti-hyperglycemic compound. Fenugreek Fenugreek is recommended in TCM for reducing insulin resistance and improving blood sugar control.
Decoction prepared with fenugreek seeds soaked in hot water boosts insulin secretion, improves insulin sensitivity and reduces digestion and absorption of carbohydrates in the intestines. Foods that help to cool the body such as grains, spinach, celery, soybean, vegetables such as pumpkin, turnip, yam, sweet potato, strong beans and tomatoes and fruits such as strawberry, guava, mulberry, plum and crab apple are recommended for fighting diabetes.
Massage Chinese massage, known as Tui Na, is recommended in TCM for restoring energy balance.
Fortunately there is an effective alternative of herbal remedies to such treatments. While most would believe that only the modern medicines are effective in treating type-2 diabetes, I would like to open up your mind and introduce several herbal remedies that have been known for treating diabetes for ages. Known for its bitter taste, this vegetable contains substances having anti-diabetic properties. For centuries, ginger, a rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale, has been used in Asian cuisine and medicine. Noodles are a favorite among many but it is associated with a lot of oil and fat content too! Tangerine essential oil is derived from citrus fruits and gets extracted through cold compression method. Homeopathic individualized medicines versus fluoxetine for moderate to severe depression: double-blind, randomized non-inferiority trial. Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus a collision between the thrifty gene and an affluent society. Report of the Committee on the classification and diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus.
Effect of aged garlic extract (AGE) on hyperglycemia induced by immobilization stress in mice.
Antiperoxide effect of S-allyl cysteine sulfoxide, a insulin secretagogue, in diabetic rats. Influence of dietary capsaicin and onion on the metabolic abnormalities associated with streptozotocin induced diabetes mellitus. Renal lesions in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats maintained on onion and capsaicin containing diets.
Effect of allyl propyl disulfide isolated from onion (Allium cepa) on glucose tolerance of alloxan diabetic rabbits. Antidiabetic and hypolipidemic effects of S-methyl cysteine sulfoxide isolated from Allium cepa Linn. Effect of Trigonella foenum graecum (Fenugreek) on blood glucose in normal and diabetic rats. Hypocholesterolemic effect of the hypoglycemic principle of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seeds.
Effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) seeds on glycaemic control and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A double blind placebo controlled study. Evaluation of anti-hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn, Ocimum sanctum Linn and Pterocarpus marsupium Linn in normal and allox- anized diabetic rats. Steroid saponins from fenugreek seeds extraction, purification, and pharmacological investigation on feeding behavior and plasma cholesterol. Effect of fenugreek seeds on intravenous glucose disposition in non-insulin dependent diabetic patients. Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of flavonoids from lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn) leaf in diabetic mice.
Oral use of a topical preparation containing an extract of Stevia rebaudiana and the chrysanthemum flower in the management of hyperglycemia. Stevioside induces antihyperglycaemic, insulinotropic and glucagonostatic effects in vivo: Studies in the diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats. Pharmacological studies on blood sugar-lowering activity of the active principle of common selfheal. Isolation, purification and characterization of Prunellin: An anti-HIV component from aqueous extracts of Prunella vurgaris. Potentiating effects of â-eudesmol-related cyclohexylidene derivatives on succinylcholine-induced neuromuscular block in isolated phrenic nerve-diaphragm muscles of normal and alloxan-diabetic mice.
Studies on the hypoglycaemic activity of Punica granatum seed in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Comparative studies on hypoglycemic activity of different sections of Momordica charantia L. Antidiabetic and adaptogenic properties of Momordica charantia extract: An experimental and clinical evaluation. Hypotriglyceridemic and hypocholesterolemic effects of anti-diabetic Momordica charantia (karela) fruit extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Herbs in Chinese medicine are classified according to their natures, tastes and specific functions.
An envoy or guide ingredient is included in the formula that helps the formula to target the desired area of the body. The principal anti-diabetic herbs commonly used in TCM include ginseng, bottle gourd, balsam pear, psidium gnajava, golden thread, fenugreek and cinnamon. It contains charantin, cucurbitane, vicine, polypeptide-p and triterpenoids that mimic insulin and support regeneration of beta cells in the pancreas. Moreover, by improving sensitivity to insulin, cinnamon provides relief from type 2 diabetes. Acupuncture sessions every two to six months are recommended for keeping the glucose level under control. You accept that you are following any advice at your own risk and will properly research or consult healthcare professional.
Type 2 diabetes is one of the prevalent categories of diabetes that is closely related to hereditary factors.
Herbal remedies are affordable and free from  chemicals causing adverse effects if used over long duration. A wave of researches have also shown that bilberry extract strengthens blood vessels in the retina and reduce haemorrhaging for people with retinopathy, a condition that is very likely to develop in a diabetes patient. Cinnamon is highly effective in improving blood glucose levels and increasing insulin sensitivity. Ubiratan Cardinalli Adler, UNIFESP (Federal University of SA?o Paulo, Brazil), Av Rouxinol, 1041 cj. In TCM, diabetes is treated with herbal medications, acupuncture, diet therapy, meditation and massage.
Typical herbal formulas contain a principal anti-diabetic ingredient, which is combined with an associate ingredient that enhances the function of the principal ingredient or treats a key symptom. Auricular acupuncture is usually combined with body acupuncture for treating type 2 diabetes. It is possible these days to reduce the risks and relieve the symptoms of type-2 diabetes with advanced medical treatment and pills. This fruit increases the cells’ usage of glucose and hence blocks the absorption of sugar in the intestine. The juice of aloe vera improves blood glucose levels and decreases the abnormally high level of blood lipid molecules. It acts as a protection against the forms of retinal damage in patients of type 2 diabetes.
Daily intake of  6 grams of cinnamon lessens serum glucose, triglyceride, and bad cholesterol within the period of 40 days.
Ginger extracts assist in management of high blood sugar levels by increasing the uptake of glucose into muscle cells without the use of insulin. Even without prescription medication and expensive treatment, it is possible to treat type-2 diabetes with these herbal remedies. According to TCM, the prominent points of the entire human body are represented in the ears.
Aloe vera quells swelling and promotes faster healing of wound injuries that normally would take longer healing time for individuals with type-2 diabetes. Bilberry also helps in lowering blood sugar levels, improving blood circulation and preventing cell damage.
So whenever you think modern medicine is not working for you, opt for herbal remedies and risk no side effects.
There is a need for large-scale longitudinal data on treatment utilization and outcomes, stress, emotion, and pain. Especially T2DM requires the adoption and maintenance of multiple self-care behaviors to achieve and sustain glycemic control. Hence, inserting needles in the master point and endocrine, stomach, bladder, kidney, lung and pancreas points in the ears helps to decrease the blood sugar level. Bilberry hence is an excellent herbal medication that promotes the most significant body functions, essential for patients with type-2 diabetes. A great advantage of the herbal remedies is that even if you are taking modern medicine, you can use these ingredients in your regular food and overcome the effects of the disease fast. These behaviors include monitoring blood glucose, exercising regularly, and adhering to a recommended eating regimen. Randomized long-term trial of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type-1 diabetes. Eating is a major aspect of daily living, one that may influence the development of diabetes and its subsequent progression.
Patients are recruited from web sites for patient advocacy and health enhancement programs. In this type, the mass of pancreatic β cells and their function are preserved to some extent, and insulin injection is seldom needed to sustain life. Therefore this long-term study was undertaken to assess the efficacy, safety and acceptability of camel milk as an adjunct to insulin therapy in type 1 diabetic patients. Methods: In this 2-year randomized clinical parallel design study, 24 patients with type 1 diabetes were enrolled and divided in 2 groups. This type also decreases insulin secretion and decreased insulin sensitivity (insulin resistance) is involved in its pathogenesis. Group I (n=12) received usual care (ie, diet, exercise, and insulin), and group II (n=12) received 500 mL camel milk in addition to diet, exercise, and insulin. With regard to insulin secretion, the acute insulin response to a glucose load is characteristically defective. Typically, this type of diabetes develops after middle age, but may occur in younger people. Screening by urinalysis of large numbers of schoolchildren has revealed that T2DM has been steadily increasing since the 1970s.
Previous studies have found that between 30% and 60% of pediatric neurology patients have used CAM at some point in their lives. Whereas, the effect of vitamin C on conventional photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumor cells has been documented, the mechanism of vitamin C induced increase in tumor cell response to PDT is unclear. In this report we demonstrate the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 significantly increases its apoptotic activity in tumor cells. Interestingly, we observed that the presence of vitamin C during photo-oxidation of MC540 only and not its addition to a prior photo-exposed mixture to MC540 is critical for its enhanced sensitivity. It can reduce glucose metabolism in diabetics, slows the development of arteriosclerosis and lowers the risk of further heart attacks in myocardial infarct patients. These findings provide impetus to the approach in developing ROS generating small molecule compounds with potent apoptosis inducing activity. These data could have implications in the use of vitamin C in photo-sensitizer-mediated reactions with the view to favorably tailoring the cancer cell milieu for efficient apoptotic execution.
Most of the studies showed that garlic can reduce blood glucose levels in diabetic mice, rats, and rabbits.
Many patients are still not discussing their CAM use with their doctors and are using CAM alongside their conventional medicines, thereby increasing the likelihood for potential interactions.
One limitation of this study is that our ability to determine between-site differences is limited by the difference in sample size. Electrodermal measures as clinical markers: Jing-point electrical impedance in adolescent women with chronic pelvic pain. Consequently, skin electrical measures at Jing points are commonly obtained and interpreted for diagnostic purposes. Denise Adams, University of Alberta, 1047 RTF Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E1, Canada.
The objective of this study is to determine whether electrodermal measures at Jing-points are associated with clinical outcomes in adolescents with chronic pelvic pain in a randomized, sham-controlled acupuncture trial. Methods: We recruited 18 adolescent women aged 13 to 22 years of age suffering from chronic pelvic pain and laparoscopically diagnosed with Stage I-III endometriosis. Using a Hibiki-7 device, normalized electrical impedance values were obtained at all 24 Jing-points for each treatment session. Phase II: CAM research networks in Canada and the US will notify CAM providers of this study, so they may alert patients.


Left-right asymmetry and measures for statistical dispersion (standard deviation and Gini coefficient) of Jing-point impedance values were calculated. Parents or legal guardians may self-identify and reply on behalf of patients under 18 year of age if they meet the criteria for Phase I.
With a generalized estimating equation method, we evaluated the association between the electrodermal-derived measures and clinical outcomes while accounting for treatment designation and time.
Phase III: The methods for phase II were utilized but CAM associations and training organizations were substituted for CAM research networks. The majority of the cases involved the use of Traditional Chinese Medicine to improve quality of life. Its seeds are used as condiment in India, a supplement to wheat and maize flour for bread-making in Egypt, and one of the staple foods in Yemen. Its seeds are also used as herbal medicine in many parts of the world for their carminative, tonic, and aphrodisiac effects.
Various reports have demonstrated that fenugreek seeds extracts, powder, and gum of seeds and leaves can lower blood glucose and cholesterol levels in human and experimental diabetic animals. Preliminary analyses indicate that, over time, subjects in the active acupuncture arm were more likely to have reduced left-right asymmetry and statistical dispersion of Jing-point measures compared to subjects in the sham-control arm. Further analyses with multivariable models will be performed to assess whether this difference is statistically significant for each electrodermal measure.
The chiropractic care of children with otitis media: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation and meta-synthesis. Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 N Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063. Key words were otitis media and related words (ie, acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, ear infections, etc) AND chiropractic. A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with a meta-synthesis of the literature with a focus on chiropractic management and the application of a whole systems research (WSR) evaluation. Results: Our systematic review revealed 20 articles consisting of 6 case reports, 5 case series, 1 retrospective cohort, 2 prospective cohorts, 2 reviews of the literature, 2 commentaries, 1 survey study and 1 prospective, parallel-group, observer-blinded, randomized feasibility study.
Due to the lack of higher-level research design, a meta-analysis of the literature was not possible.
This included the use of otoscopy and tympanogram to provide objective pretreatment and comparative outcome measures. It has been reported that rhizome extract showed anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory effects. Eighty-nine percent of respondents reported treating pediatric patients; patients under the age of 17 made up 12% of chiropractic and 20% of both naturopathic and osteopathic patients.
Activator, Gonstead, Toftness, Chiropractic Biophysics, and Diversified Techniques were utilized with an emphasis on the upper cervical spine (the C1 or C2 vertebral bodies).
Approximately two-thirds of both osteopaths and naturopaths disagree or strongly disagree that immunizations are safe compared to one-third of chiropractors. One paper described utilization of cranial technique, 2 papers described a dietary intervention, and 2 papers utilized soft-tissue massage to augment spinal manipulative therapy. Fifteen studies were amenable to the WSR evaluation resulting in a score of 7.06 from a maximum of 11. The immunizations of most concern to the 3 professions included MMR, varicella, influenza, DPTP, and hepatitis. The most common reasons for concern were related to safety, including that vaccines may contain dangerous ingredients, may produce side effects, and may be linked to future problems such as neurological damage. Conclusion: This systematic review highlights the need for more higher-level research designs in addition to incorporating new methodologies (ie, whole systems research) reflective of the holistic and vitalistic clinical and theoretical framework of chiropractic.
The chiropractic care of children with enuresis: a systematic review of the literature utilizing whole systems research evaluation.
In China this plant is used in medicinal teas for treating heartburn and other ailments also.
Significantly more naturopaths advised parents against vaccinations (27%), compared to 10% of chiropractors, and 12% of osteopaths (P=.0002). Joel Alcantara, International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, 327 North Middletown Rd, Media, PA 19063. Plant contain stevioside sweetener that reduces postprandial blood glucose levels in T2DM patients, indicating beneficial effects on the glucose metabolism. There was no significant difference between groups for those advising parents in favor of vaccinations (15% C, 14% N, 6% O) (P=.1143).
Key words were enuresis, nocturnal enuresis, bedwetting as well as related words AND chiropractic. A narrative review of the literature was performed and augmented with an evaluation using WSR evaluation.
It has been reported that there is anti-hyperglycemic effect of the ethanol extract of Prunella vulgaris L. Results: Our systematic review revealed 7 articles meeting the eligibility criteria for review.
Four of the 7 papers involve case reports describing the care of children aged 8 to 14 years with primary complaints of nocturnal enuresis. Spinal manipulative therapy involved the use of Toggle recoil, Sacro-Occipital Technique, Activator Methods, Gonstead Technique, and Diversified Technique to address primarily segmental dysfunctions in the lumbosacral spine. We conducted a systematic review to assess the nature and severity of adverse events associated with pediatric acupuncture. A large prospective cohort study (N=171) demonstrated improvement in wet nights per week from baseline following 2 weeks of care. In a randomized clinical trial, within-group comparison of pretreatment and comparative rates of enuresis subjects demonstrated an improvement. However, the study was fraught with research design issues such as randomization and biostatistics.
Six of the 7 studies were amenable to WSR evaluation and resulted in a scoring of 7.33 from a maximum possible score of 11 points. Fr.)Mushrooms have a notable place in the folklore throughout the world and in the traditions of many cultures.
One reviewer screened all articles, while the second reviewed all excluded articles to ensure that no article was inappropriately excluded. Full articles of potentially relevant references were retrieved and assessed by two independent reviewers. It has been widely used in China and other oriental countries for hundreds of years for the treatment of various diseases, including diabetes and cancer. The use of Whole Systems Research provides promise in contributing to evidence-based practice and reflects the holistic and vitalistic chiropractic approach to patient care.
The sporophore of Ganoderma lucidum is used as both tonic nourishment and medicine for care of diabetic patients. Results: Seven thousand, two hundred sixty-two potentially relevant articles were identified. Some research results showed that polysaccharides are the active principles for anti-diabetes. Eleven of these studies included adults as the majority of patients; for these studies the age of the patient experiencing the adverse event was never reported.
Most of the adverse events that have been identified in children were mild and included pain, bruising, and worsening of symptoms.
The few adverse events rated as moderate or serious included one pneumothorax, 2 infections, and 2 cases of complications from needles left in the body. Methods: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Life University (Atlanta, Georgia). Male abortive flowers of Punica granatum are also used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in India.
A 26-item questionnaire was sent to 9000 subscribers of an online newsletter from Midwifery Today Magazine. The first domain identified demographics (midwife credentials, age, years in practice, and place of practice).
The second domain queried participants regarding their formal and postgraduate training on the subject of chiropractic. The rhizomes of Dioscorea opposita Thunb., was traditionally used in diets to control Xiaokezheng (diabetes) in China. The third domain attempted to identify their experience (ie, positive or negative experience) with chiropractic personally and professionally as it pertains to pregnancy and infant care. Researches confirmed that the water decoction of Dioscorea opposita has an anti-hyperglycemic effect to experimental diabetic mice. The fourth domain asked their opinion about the safety of chiropractic care for pregnant and pediatric patients. The fifth domain surveyed their knowledge regarding the scope of practice of chiropractic for pregnant and pediatric patients. Chemical component of Dioscorea opposite, dioscin and diosgenin may be the cause for medicinal effects [Figure 10]. The respondent ranged in age from 41 to 50 years with practice experience ranging from 6 to 10 years.
With respect to their training on chiropractic, 31% (n=57) reported receiving formal education (ie, during midwifery education) on the subject of chiropractic. Fifty-five of the 157 who did not indicated receiving some education on chiropractic through continuing education seminars. Experimental studies with animals and humans suggested that the vegetable has a possible role in glycemic control.
With respect to the midwife responders’ experience with chiropractic, 95% (n=176) admitted to making a professional referral to a chiropractor with 73% (n=137) having referred an infant to a chiropractor.
Oral administration of the extract, fruit juice or seed powder of Momordica charantia caused a significant reduction in fasting blood glucose and improved glucose tolerance in normal and diabetic animals and in humans.
Ninety-two percent (n=171) reported being chiropractic patients with another 58% (n=124) presenting their child for chiropractic care. Over 90% indicated experiencing a positive experience as patients and with their child’s care. All of the respondents perceived chiropractic was safe for pregnant patients, while only 97% considered chiropractic safe for children.
An overwhelming majority of the responders (98%) indicated that chiropractors work with birth professionals, while 92% indicated that they were knowledgeable about the role of chiropractic in prenatal care. Lastly, 75% indicated interest in learning more about chiropractic, with 86% wanting more evidence-based practice chiropractic.
From the 809 articles reviewed, 18 articles met the full inclusion criteria and proceeded to data extraction. Identified adverse events include local pain or soreness, swelling, mild fevers, and skin rashes. Thus far, the majority of adverse events reported have been mild with few moderate or serious adverse events occurring in pediatric patients.
Total weight and body composition changes in response to weight reduction diets of varied protein content in midlife women. The findings from this study suggested that the aqueous extract of these leaves may be prescribed as adjunct to dietary therapy and drug treatment for controlling diabetes mellitus. Some identified alkaloids are Koenimbine, Koenine, Koenigine, Koenidine, Mahanimbine and Mahanine[Figure 12].
Age-related changes in body composition for women include loss of lean mass and gains in total weight, fat mass and central fat deposition. There is growing evidence that diets with low-to-moderate carbohydrate and fat content and increased levels of high-quality protein are effective for weight loss. Greater subjective satiety is reported by subjects following test meals containing whey protein compared to other protein sources. The beneficial effects of whey protein on satiety, thermogenesis, and lean body mass protection suggest that whey may be a preferred protein source for weight loss treatment.
The plant is reported to possess antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, antioxidant and immunomodulatory properties.
The specific aims of this study are to assess weight loss in subjects receiving energy-reduced dietary regimens and to evaluate parameters of weight and body mass change between the 3 treatment groups. Study Design: We are conducting a randomized, controlled pilot feeding study to evaluate the effect of different dietary protein sources on weight loss. Endpoint measures include body weight and body composition data obtained at baseline and at 8 weeks for dietary treatment. Most parts of the tree [Fruit, seeds, pulp, stem bark, roots, and leaves] have medicinal properties.
The HP diet and the WP diet produced greater total fat loss and less total lean tissue loss than the CD. The leaves of Mangifera indica were proven for antidiabetic properties using normoglycemic, glucose-induced hyperglycemia and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice.
Conclusions: Preliminary data shows that across treatment groups, the high-protein diets conserved lean tissue and promoted reduction of fat tissue. Trials investigating TCM must be conducted with increased methodological rigor to be of value in evaluations.
The single included study suggesting that acupuncture may be safe and efficacious in CFS is limited in applicability by the use of sham acupuncture as the control. As for other parts of the plant, the leaves and small shoots are eaten as salad greens in many Asian countries.
It is a popular medicinal plant in the Ayurvedic and Siddha systems of medicine and folk medicines used to treat a wide variety of ailments.
Integration and interface between naturopaths and conventional rural care: empirical findings from a grass-roots research project. The worsening epidemic of DM in the United States, along with the increasing prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance, and IGT, render the identification of promising interventions for these states a matter of some urgency.


Jon Adams, University of Queensland, School of Population Health ,University of Qld, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia. While lifestyle interventions based on dietary pattern and physical activity can delay or prevent the onset of diabetes and reduce cardiovascular risk, adherence at the population level is severely limiting.
In pharmacological trials, both the fruit and root showed anti-amoebic and hypoglycemic activities. Pharmacotherapy offers promise for diabetes prevention, but with associated high costs, unacceptability to many patients, and potential toxicity. In this context, the potential role of chromium (Cr), an insulin cofactor, in IGT is of great interest. Proposed, therefore, is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial conducted at the Yale Prevention Research Center to investigate the effects of daily Cr for 6 months at 2 dose levels on serum measures of glucose tolerance and on endothelial function in adults with IGT, IFG, and IR. Its rhizomes have been reported to possess anti-diabetic properties in experimental animal models. The study is powered to detect a clinically meaningful effect of Cr supplementation at either dose on glucose control, and to compare the two doses for equivalence.
The study will investigate effects of Cr on both measures of glucose tolerance (glucose, insulin, OGTT) and brachial artery endothelial function, thus combining serum measures with a physiologic test of Cr effects on the vasculature.
The proposed study will generate much needed data regarding the efficacy of Cr in those at risk for type 2 diabetes and offers the promise of guiding practice, as well as directing future study. Also once diagnosed, a critical part of treatment is the modification of a lifetime of food and eating habits.
By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the United States today. Risk to human subjects in this study is a minor increment over minimal due to the administration of nitroglycerin as a control in BARS testing. Many of the elements found in the present review were identified in previous research about diabetes and functional food ingredients. However, the present research provided assistant for selecting of specific functional herbal food ingredients in the lives of people with T2DM and our normal day-to-day food consuming system to prevent such diseases.
Secondary outcomes: (4) It will show improved well-being, as measured by elevated melatonin and DHEA. Unlike many relaxation therapies, energy healing requires no participation by the patient, a feature that makes it particularly attractive in the hospital setting, where patients are often anxious, depressed, in pain, or sedated.
Despite the increasing use of energy healing, few studies have looked at its benefits and even fewer at its underlying mechanisms of action. In this pilot study, we examined the effects of an energy healing modality known as Reiki on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, both of which participate in the stress response and stress-induced pain and disease progression.
Subjects rested for 10 min before baseline heart rate and blood pressure were measured and blood was drawn to determine cortisol, ACTH, and DHEA levels, using commercial immunoassay kits. Subjects then received a 30- to 45-min Reiki or Pretend Reiki session followed immediately by post-session heart rate and blood pressure measurements and at 2h by blood draws. When asked whether they thought they were in the Reiki or Pretend Reiki group, about 70% of the participants reported that they believed that they had received a true Reiki session. This suggests that the beneficial effects of Reiki on physiology, as compared to the Pretend Reiki, cannot be explained solely by the placebo effect.
Issac Amponsah, Faculty of Pharmacy Kwame Nkrumah University of SC, Knust, Kumasi, 233, Ghana. Effects of ultra-low dilutions of sabal serrulata on human prostate cancer growth: mechanistic studies. Hakima Amri, Georgetown University, Basic Science Bldg, 3900 Reservoir Rd NW, Washington, DC 20007. Finally, serum protein differential expression was carried out using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry analysis. Effect of mind-body medicine skills on elements of emotional intelligence in medical students. Yet studies have reported that traits such as altruism and empathy tend to decline throughout medical school training.
In an effort to foster medical student self-awareness and mindfulness, which may improve their EI, Georgetown University School of Medicine (GUSOM) offers an experiential course to undergraduate medical students in mind-body medicine skills. The purpose is to expose students to a variety of mind-body approaches including meditation, imagery, as well as group sharing and listening generously for self-awareness and reflection. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the Mind Body Medicine Skills (MBS) course on perceived stress, mindfulness, and elements of EI including intrapersonal capacities (attention to feelings, mood repair, clarity of feelings) and interpersonal capacities (perspective-taking, empathetic concern, and personal distress in response to distress in others).
The intervention group (n=30) was comprised of first year medical students who self-selected to participate in this elective.
The control group (n=36) included students from the first year class who completed the surveys but did not take the MBS course. Four questionnaires were completed at the start and end of the spring semester by all study participants: the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), and a survey of EI developed by Stratton et al (2005) comprised of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index.
ANCOVA was used to compare the MBS and the control groups at the end of the semester, controlling for beginning scores.
Patient perspectives of integrative and primary care management of back and neck paina€”qualitative findings from a randomized clinical trial. These conditions are additionally some of the most common reasons why patients use complementary therapies, often without dialogue with conventional care providers. The focus groups were conducted separately for those in the integrative vs the conventional treatment groups. The interview data were transcribed ad verbatim and analyzed utilizing inductive content analysis technique.
Eliane Angst, UCLA Center for Excellence in Pancreatic Diseases, 675 Charles E Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095.
A significant reduction in cell numbers was seen with quercetin concentrations of ~30 AµM and a maximum effect at ~75 AµM. In MIA PaCa-2 cells a ~65% reduction in cell number was seen with 75 AµM of quercetin after 48 hours.
Starved BxPC-3 cells treated with 75 AµM quercetin showed a ~95% reduction in cell number after 48 hours.
Conclusion: These results suggest that quercetin has a potent growth-inhibitory effect in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro.
Additional experiments to investigate the underlying mechanism of growth inhibition and animal studies are underway.
Flovanoids may reveal to be potent anticancer drugs found in our daily food, leading to specific diet recommendations. These can be taken together to qualify as an academic minor in many of the conventional MA or PhD programs, often forming the basis of a thesis or dissertation required for the terminal degree. In the fall of 2009, the university will launch a doctorate of nursing practice with a focus in integrative health and healing. Georgetown University developed a concentration of CAM within its Masters in Physiology program in 2003.
We address the multicultural perspective, comparing data collected in Canada and Europe to those in the United States. The reason for this is that results on the health-promoting effects of spirituality and religiosity cannot easily be transferred from the United States to countries with different cultural and religious backgrounds. Thus, one has to recognize different concepts of spirituality, different attitudes towards its utilization, and objections against the implementation of it in a particular medical system.
In Germany, 3 colleagues have founded the Transdisciplinary Working Group on Spirituality and Health, and in Canada the Canadian Research Network on Spirituality and Health has been active for a couple of years. Data and approaches from these different networks will be combined into this symposium.Dr BA?ssing is an associate professor at the University of Witten, Herdeckea€™s Faculty of Medicine, where he directs the research group Spirituality and Health. The effect of a€?acupuncture for losing weighta€? on the level of blood sugar: a survey on the mechanism.
Hoda Azizi, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Beijing, Beijing, 100029, China. Material and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 66 patients were included in case and control groups.
Blood sugar was examined just before inserting needles and immediately after withdrawal of needles. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the mechanism of acupuncture in losing weight is significantly related to making an increase in BS. John Balletto, Center for Muscular Therapy, Inc, 545 Pawtucket Avenue, Mailbox 304, Pawtucket, RI 02860-6046.
As with business startups that begin informally and successfully mature into larger enterprises, growth brings new organizational challenges, together with greater visibility and opportunity. The maturation of massage as a healthcare profession increases the need for a process to formalize the synthesis of massage therapy knowledge from clinical experience and research—to collect what we know and to make such baseline knowledge widely available to practitioners, consumers, and other healthcare stakeholders.
The present paper lays out the motivations and framework for creating massage therapy guidelines that are informed both by research and by clinical experience. It also acts as a report to the massage therapy profession and to other stakeholders about the work of the Best Practices Committee of the Massage Therapy Foundation since 2006. And it has the additional goal of providing a healthcare literature basis for future academic discussions of massage. The discussion here is based on a definition from the Institute of Medicine and on research into the nature of expertise. Topics addressed include guideline creation, credentialing of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners, definition of competence, and the increasing role of technology (that is, informatics) in managing training and task-necessary competencies. The roles of transparency and a wide and open peer review are emphasized as essential to the usability and credibility of guidelines. Health Canada issues consumer advisories regarding the safety of marketed health products, yet the criteria for issuing advisories have not been evaluated for consistency or objectivity. The Causality Algorithm used by Health Canada was used to rate degree of association between the adverse events (AEs) and the products. The Severity of Adverse Events Scale, developed by the National Cancer Institute, was used to determine the severity of the AEs. Most NHP AWRs were issued based on potential AEs from contamination and adulteration, whereas most of the AWRs for therapeutic drugs were issued due to actual AEs. Of the 6 NHP AWRs issued for actual AEs, 3 (50%) were unassessable for severity, whereas of the 28 AWRs issued for actual therapeutic drug AEs, 1 (3%) was unassessable for severity.
The origin of reports for NHPs tended to be from foreign sources or Health Canada, whereas reports for therapeutic drugs were mostly issued by Health Canada in conjunction with drug manufacturers.
The potential of a mistletoe (Viscum album L) extract to alleviate adverse effects of cancer chemotherapy: an in vitro study. Stephan Baumgartner, University of Bern, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, Inselspital, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland.
We investigated the effect of a mistletoe extract on PBMC with and without concomitant treatment with cyclophosphamide and compared viability and replication of normal PBMC with that of a T-cell leukemia cell line. The results motivate further preclinical and clinical investigations of mistletoe extracts as an adjuvant medication in cancer therapy to alleviate side effects of conventional therapy. Stephan Baumgartner, Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, University of Bern, Inselspital, Imhoof-Pavillon, Bern, BE, 3010, Switzerland. We investigated the potential of a commonly used plant pathogen–system, Arabidopsis thaliana infected with the virulent bacteria Pseudomonas syringae (pv tomato strain DC3000), regarding its response towards a homeopathic treatment.
Compared to Bion (a common SAR inducer used as positive control), the magnitude of the treatment effect of Biplantol was about 50%. None of the other tested preparations yielded significant effects in the overall evaluation. The purpose of this study was to determine remedy effects on a common quantitative measure of complexity, the correlation dimension (D2), of human sleep electroencephalography (EEG). High Hostile subjects increased complexity at C3 and Pz, but decreased complexity at O2 during stage 3 sleep on CC. In the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects, CC caused significant increases in complexity at Pz and O1 during stage 3 sleep and at C3, C4, and Pz during stage 4 sleep. CC increased complexity significantly at Cz, C4, and O2 during REM sleep in only the high Anxiety-Sensitive subjects. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not the objective measure of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings can distinguish verum homeopathic remedies from placebo in human subjects.
NV produced more marked effects on increased shifts in sleep stages, with a growth in effects from night 22 to 23. This study examined the effects of olfactory administration of a polycrest homeopathic remedy Sulphur on heart rate variability (HRV).
The Sulphur was given at dilution factors used for preparing 6c, 12c, and 30c potencies (1 potency per session, with potency order randomized), but for each potency, the test solutions were succussed to different degrees (stirred without shaking, 10, 20, or 100 succussions). Homeopathic remedies increase spectral electroencephalographic power during sleep in healthy young adults. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of verum vs placebo homeopathic remedies on spectral qEEG measures of polysomnographically-recorded all-night sleep recordings. Evaluating a nonlinear dynamical model for human flourishing: Relationship of PANAS positive-to-negative-affect ratio and global health and well-being. The purpose of the present study was to compare global physical health (GPH) and well-being ratings of young adults whose P:N mood ratios fell above vs below the Losada line. Despite higher (MCSD) scores in PF, a small sex and age difference between groups, ANCOVAs controlling for MCSD, sex, and age still showed statistical significance of the above PF vs PL group differences. Gurjeet Birdee, Osher Research Center Harvard Medical School, 401 Park Drive, Suite 22-A West, Boston, MA 02215.
We identified the prevalence of CAM modalities used and the characteristics of users among the pediatric population.



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