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admin 29.01.2016

Ocular (eye) herpes is usually caused by the herpes simplex type 1 virus (HSV-1), the same virus that causes cold sores on the lips and mouth. More rarely, ocular herpes can be a complication of shingles, which is a reactivation of the Varicella zoster virus (the virus that causes chicken pox, which is also a member of the herpes family).
In most people, eye herpes will only affect the topmost layer of the cornea, called the epithelium. The viral infection affects the retina (the light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye), causing acute retinal necrosis.
If the infection is in the stroma, steroid drops may be used to decrease inflammation and promote healing.
If the cornea has become scarred beyond repair, a corneal transplant may be necessary to restore vision.
If you believe you may have ocular herpes, you should see your eye doctor as soon as possible to begin treatment and prevent scaring and vision problems. This form of herpes will most commonly affect the cornea, or the clear outer layer, of your eye. This type is when the infection happens inside the lining of the back of your eye or in the retina.
The symptoms of herpes of the eye may happen every once in awhile or they could happen on a daily basis and at times may be severe. Herpes of the eye is a viral infection that is usually caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1.


This is the type of virus that can pass from one person to another through some type of contact so if a person has a cold sore and you come in contact with it through kissing them or touching the cold sore you could become infected with HSV.
Another virus that could cause herpes of the eye is the virus that causes shingles and chickenpox, which is a disease of your nervous system, is called varicella-zoster virus.
To ensure that you get the proper treatment you should see an eye doctor or ophthalmologist. Although it is not curable you should always seek medical attention because if not treated it could result in corneal scarring that is severe and in some cases you may have to have a corneal transplant to get back your normal vision. However, steroids can suppress the body's immune response, and in some people may aggravate the condition, leading to future flare-ups. With type a person can develop blurred vision, redness, pain, and sensitivity to the light which can be severe.
Herpes of the eye can also be caused by a person who has an outbreak of this herpes simplex virus type 1 if they touch their eyes during the outbreak. If this particular virus is the cause of herpes of the eye it is referred to as herpes zoster ophthalmicus.
Proper treatment will also help make the probability of herpes of the eyes reoccurring less frequent. This type of herpes virus is also the common cause for a person to develop blisters their face and cold sores. Always make sure that you wash your hand thoroughly if you come in contact with this virus.


All cases of herpes of the eye should be treated case by case because some of the treatments could just aggravate the outbreak. Of that twenty-five million people, approximately fifty thousand will have either a flare-up or infection each year.
It is not totally understood what the cause is for HSV type 1 to develop but it thought to be that many people are exposed in early life to this type of virus with or without having any symptoms of this virus. There is no known cure for herpes of the eye and treatment is used to help control the outbreak you have.
The physician may prescribe an antiviral eye drop or topical ointments to help reduce any scarring or damage to your eye. In the United States it is one of the most common infectious reasons for corneal blindness.
It is also not known what causes the outbreak of this herpes virus but if you have an immune system that is weakened you are more susceptible to having outbreaks. If it is necessary the physician may scrape or brush the affected areas of your cornea with a cotton swab to remove manually the affected cells.
Some of the reasons that the herpes simplex virus type 1 can be reactivated may include mental stress, exposure to the sun, or sickness.



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