Uk government energy bill 2013,signs herpetic whitlow,natural ways to get rid of genital herpes outbreak - Plans On 2016

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A report by Professor Gordon Hughes of Edinburgh University shows that the difference in carbon dioxide emissions between Nuclear energy and wind energy is "either insignificant or none" [1]. A report from parliament gives a similar conclusion, stating that wind energy saves "little or no CO2" [2]. Wind Turbines, on a per megawatt basis, use 5-7 times the amount of steel and concrete that nuclear power plants do [3]. Statistics from the Nuclear Energy Institute [NEI] show that nuclear, on a per megawatt basis, creates 10x the amount of direct jobs that wind energy does [4].
A study by consultants Verso Economics has shown that currently, the 'green' sector, of which wind creates a plurality in Britain [5], destroys 3.7 jobs for every job it creates [6].
Whereas in the case of nuclear energy, the NEI has proved that for every 100 jobs in the United States created by nuclear energy, an additional 66 jobs are created, and another 726 jobs throughout America [4]. The unreliability of wind energy was highlighted in figures from December 21st 2010, where wind turbines created only 0.04% of all energy created that day [7], despite the fact that wind made up approximately half [5] of all non-Hydroelectric renewables in Britain that year, and that category created 6% of Britain's energy that year [8].
Calculations show that wind turbines, on a per terawatt basis, cause 3.75x the amount of deaths that nuclear power plants do [9].
In late April of 2014, Germany's economics minister and Vice Chancellor to Angela Merkel, Sigmar Gabriel, said that Germany's 'transformation' into renewable energy is "on the verge of disaster" [10]. Experts warn that wind turbines can cause psychological stress [11], and in the worst instances, could make you deaf [12].
Problems caused by Wind Turbines' noise affecting health are often referred to as Wind Turbine Syndrome [WTS], which is confirmed by research from Canada [14]. When the wind is too strong, wind turbines have to be manually turned off in case they combust. In July of this year, it was found that cases of wind turbines catching on fire are ten times as common as previously thought [16].
From 2012-3, there were 31,000 extra winter deaths in England & Wales [22], 30-50% of which can be attributed to fuel poverty. A) Every dollar spent on nuclear is one less dollar spent on clean renewable energy and one more dollar spent on making the world a comparatively dirtier and a more dangerous place, because nuclear power and nuclear weapons go hand in hand, says"Mark Z. B) There are now over 148,274 invalids on the Chernobyl registry in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.
C)"If a meltdown were to occur, the accident could kill and injure tens of thousands of people, leaving large regions uninhabitable. B) Moreover, nuclear reactors themselves give off tritium radioactive gas into the air--not so clean after all! C)"Some 93% of the refrigerant chlorofluorcarbon produced in the USA is used in the enrichment of uranium fuel for nuclear power. E)"Wind energy does not generate waste or contaminate water"an extremely important factor given the scarcity of water. But to quote Margaret Thatcher, "A world without nuclear weapons would be less stable and more dangerous for all of us" [24]. Con talks about the danger of being tempted by nuclear weapons, but this was notably demonstrated to thaw the cold war, once the world's two greatest superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union, saw how disastrous the concept of nuclear war really was [25]. All modern Western nuclear power plants have extensive safety features to prevent large-scale accidents and radioactive releases. Even with the poor reactor design, the officials could have averted many radioactive exposures to the population with an effective emergency response. But still it is a point of interest that the levels of radiation at Chernobyl are similar to the levels of radiation you'd be exposed to is the same as you're exposed to on a commercial jet [27].
Con also brings up the point of nuclear waste, however this problem is avoided with the use of Fast-breeder reactors, which would 'dramatically decrease' the amount of high-level waste [28, 29], Roger Helmer MEP writes. Con raises concerns about the amount of radiation that is produced by nuclear power plants, despite the fact that nuclear power plants emit radiation at such a level that the average person living with 50 miles of one is exposed to the same amount of radiation as they are from their smoke alarm [30]. Con uses one source to argue against the tritium radioactive gas and chlorofluorcarbon that nuclear power plants produce, however this is extremely misleading, as the data the source bases its claims on is from 2001 data on a 1950s power plant [31]. Con claims that nuclear is not renewable, but it actually is, using nuclear fusion, a process which uses hydrogen and means that we will be able to have an unlimited supply of (significantly cleaner) nuclear energy [28, 32]. Con's final point to support his contention that nuclear is not as environmnetally friendly as wind is that nuclear energy "contaminates water", however this does not appear to be a problem in modern Nuclear technology, as even the incident at Fukishima posed 'No threat' to water [35].
My opponents evidence states there is little or no difference in co2 emissions between the two. All forms of energy extraction and generation entail land use and habitat impacts, whether in terms of mineral extraction or emissions. Administrative and office support.(8, used again below) I would also like to point out that his source, the nuclear energy institution, has the possibility to be biased. In this argument my opponent uses a study and data that took place over a single day as his first source. I will begin by saying that tge Germany argument applies to all renewable energies, not specifically wind. Developing our nation's wind energy resources creates demands for turbines and turbine components, which stimulates the manufacturing sector.
Wind energy helps to stabilize wholesale electricity costs, which is good for both consumers and for businesses.
I would like to show you the opening quote from the first source given."The study by a panel of independent experts found that the irritation caused by the noise around wind farms can effect certain individuals.
Scientists dismissed the idea of a "wind turbine syndrome" where the vibrations in the air or the particular sound waves from wind turbines cause headaches, nausea and panic attacks.
I would like to point out at this time that nuclear power plants are also susceptible to mother natures wrath.
My opponents main argument in this revolved around the fact that wind energy did not create enough jobs, which caused deaths. Concerning the reliability of NEICon addresses the reliability of NEI and says that NEI is biased because it says on its about page that "our mission is to foster the beneficial use of nuclear technology". The website is owned by Chris Heaton-Harris MP, a current Conservative member of Parliament [47].
The website [48] aims to put forward a successful campaign leading into the 2015 General Election. The page on the cost of Wind energy is linked on the front page, with the page dated '2014' at the bottom [47]. The National Air Transport Service [NATS] have been funding a major programme combatting Wind Turbines' adverse effect on the radar systems that keep commercial aviation on course, the first phase of which has costed £14 million [49]. The cost of needing to have ower stations on standby for when the wind stops blowing [50] & the additional fuel that wind imposes on primary plants [20]. I have proven beyond reasonable doubt that NEI is a trustworthy source, ergo it remains true that Nuclear creates 10x the amount of jobs directly that wind does.
Con concedes that including effects on job creation indirectly and directly, wind has a net negative effect on job creation, as for every job created in renewable energy (wind energy is the worst of all renewable for job creation by far), ~ 3.7 are destroyed. Con has not demonstrated that his statistic on the amount of jobs a wind farm will create over its entire lifetime is incosistent with the facts I have shown proving nuclear to be significantly better than wind in net & gross effect on job creation. There were zero mentions of Methane in the debate before Con's last round (Ctrl-F is useful here). Con has not given any source linking Nuclear to Methane, let alone a significant amount of it. Concerning WTS Con grasps at straws and emphasizes the word 'certain' in the line in an article I linked to saying "The study by a panel of independent experts found that the irritation caused by the noise around wind farms can effect certain individuals". Con grasps at straws again to say that the article claims that scientists dismissed the idea of WTS, which is a very weak argument when he has not even addressed on WTS being confirmed by Canadian Research [14], and WTS being recorded in Denmark [40].Con also does this again, but this time it's the government claiming this. Therefore, wind is a significantly bigger driver of fuel poverty deaths than nuclear energy is. This debate has been configured to only allow voters who meet the requirements set by the debaters. The latest figures from the DECC (Department of Energy and Climate Change) show that greenhouse gas emissions in the UK rose between 2009 and 2010.
While the figures from the transport sector were stable, the government was quick to highlight that the bulk of the increase came from the residential sector, despite the fact that just 17% of all CO2 emissions comes from the nation's homes.
A new theory on why we have such biodiverse islands, while some are literally desert has been long in coming, but itA’s here. We donA’t know whether captive breeding or supplementary feeding should be the answer for what has been a successful programme for the bearded vulture or lammergeier. When dolphins are 'rescued' in various countries, the car given seems to be ill-considered. Wave and tidal stream energy technologies are at an early stage of development with only a few megawatt scale devices currently being tested.
The UK Renewable Energy Roadmap published by the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) in July 2011 estimates that, in a€?central rangea€? modelling, small pre-commercial wave and tidal stream array demonstrations will be carried out between 2013 and 2015. A variety of sources suggest there is a wide range of possible deployment levels beyond 2020. The Government recognises the potential of marine energy and is committed to harnessing the benefits which a successful marine renewables sector could bring to the UK. The UK is recognised as the world leader in the research, development and deployment of wave and tidal stream technologies.
With its indigenous academic and technical expertise and unique testing infrastructure the UK is seen as an attractive location for overseas device developers to develop their technology.
Analysis carried out for DECC suggests considerable variation in the levelised cost of energy (LCoE) from marine technologies, ranging from A?162 to A?340 per MWh in 2020. DECC (along with other public sector partners) is working to put in place a number of policies and instruments which will facilitate the process of array demonstration and commercialisation and secure the development of the sector in the UK. As agreed with the Select Committee, this paper only considers wave and tidal stream technologies. What are the potential benefits that marine renewables could bring to the UK and should Government be supporting the development of these particular technologies? Carbon abatement potential: Successfully developing the marine energy sector will provide the UK with an additional solution with which to combat climate change and limit CO2 emissions. Diversity of generation, security of supply and grid balancing: The successful development of marine energy could help ensure a more diverse portfolio of generation technologies. Economic and financial benefits: The UK is at the forefront of marine energy with UK companies having a significant marine design and engineering experience and already a sizable share of device developers and patents. The successful development of the marine energy sector could lead to a substantial marine energy generation industry in the UK but also a substantial supply chain, a large proportion of which could be based in the UK if the countrya€™s technological lead is maintained. The Carbon Trust suggest that, if the sector succeeds in achieving substantial levels of deployment, there is the potential for up to 16,000 jobs arising from the wave industry alone by 2040s with 25% supporting UK exports.
The role of Government: The UK is ideally placed to capitalise on the marine energy potential described above.
Is publicly provided innovation funding necessary for the development of marine technologies and if so, why? The wave and tidal stream sector is still at an early stage of development with a few wave and tidal prototypes having been deployed at, or approaching, megawatt scale. The development of marine energy prototypes carries a very high technology risk, demonstrated by the slow progress of the sector towards testing of full-scale devices. It is only recently, with the development of promising near-megawatt scale devices, that major industrial players have begun to invest in the sector. Up to this point the Government has targeted innovation support largely towards the development of large-scale prototype devices. In addition, where demonstration projects are successful, further innovation will often be required, so that the reliability, performance and durability of devices can be improved, before companies can move to commercial scale deployment.
Once the sector has entered a commercial scale deployment phase (likely to be in the latter half of this decade) we do not see a strong rationale for continuing grant support to the sector for technology development other than targeted innovation support aimed at cost reduction. Coordination of Government Innovation Policy: Given the current constraint on public spending, it is crucial that Government support for marine innovation is well coordinated to focus support in a most effective manner to the sectora€™s need.
Over the last year, one of the key activities for the LCIG has been the development of Technology Innovation Needs Assessments (TINAs).
The work to date on the marine TINA together with other sources of evidence and insight have been used by the members of the LCIG in developing plans for a coordinated portfolio of support to innovation in marine energy that together will help address the range of innovation challenges the sector faces. How effective have existing Government policies and initiatives on marine renewables been in supporting the development and deployment of these technologies? Government support for the marine energy has been largely aimed at supporting each stage of the technology development of the sector. To underpin innovation, the Government, Devolved Administrations and regional authorities have provided support to the UKa€™s marine testing facilities. UK Marine Energy Programme: In January 2011 the Department established the UK Marine Energy Programme.
Marine Energy Parks: At the first meeting of the Marine Energy Programme Board in January 2011 Greg Barker issued a challenge to the marine energy sector to come forward with plans to develop Marine Energy Parks which would help drive forward the commercialisation of marine energy.
Key South West stakeholders are developing proposals to establish the UKa€™s first such park.
Summary of Innovation support initiatives: The Government has provided considerable support to research and development in the wave and tidal sector in recent years.
Innovation support has been provided through a number of channels (see annex A for details).
The Research Councilsa€™ on-going marine energy programmes across EPSRC and NERC and through the Supergen marine programme. The TSBa€™s on-going funding for marine projects from which many of the leading device developers have already benefitted, allowing them to bring early-stage devices to pre-commercialisation prototypes stage.
The ETIa€™s existing marine programmes covering, among other, resource modelling and deployment technologies.
In addition, DECC has had a number of funded schemes which were devised to complement and enhance commitment from the members of the LCIG and other bodies such as the Devolved Administrations.
The A?50 million Marine Renewables Deployment Fund (MRDF) was originally set up under the DTI. The A?22 million Marine Renewables Proving Fund (MRPF), created in 2009, provided grant funding for the testing and demonstration of pre-commercial wave and tidal stream devices.
In June up to A?20 million marine innovation funding was announced, which, subject to value for money assessment, will facilitate demonstration projects over the next four years.
In addition to UK funding we expect the sector to be supported by European funding from the EU FrameworkA 7 Programme and, potentially, the EU New Entrantsa€™ Reserve Fund 300 (NER300) to which DECC recently submitted one wave and three tidal stream array projects for consideration.
These activities have all been designed to complement each other and together they add up to broad and coherent UK government backed support for Marine Energy which should help the sector achieve its potential. Renewable Obligations (RO): Under the RO, marine energy technologies receive an enhanced level of support. The Green Investment Bank (GIB) which is currently being developed by Government will play a vital role in addressing market failures, unlocking significant new private investment into green infrastructure projects. Regulatory initiatives: Last year, the Crown Estate (TCE) announced the successful bidders for the worlda€™s first commercial scale wave and tidal leasing round, for eleven sites in Scotlanda€™s Pentland Firth and Orkney waters. DECC recently completed the Offshore Energy Strategic Environmental Assessment (OE SEA) for wave and tidal energy in English and Welsh waters. These two developments have been key in allowing the sector to begin planning future commercial scale deployment.
An example of how these complementary initiatives have best been used to achieve success is the Marine Current Turbinesa€™ 1.2MW SeaGen tidal turbine. What lessons can be learnt from experiences within the UK and from other countries to date in supporting the development and deployment of marine renewables? In developing policies and funding instruments to support marine energy the Government has actively sought to include the lessons learned through appraisal and monitoring of previous policy initiatives. The closer targeting of the objectives of the MRPF on leading devices and specific market failures allowed more effective coordination of the fund with other support measures.
One of the lessons learnt from the MRPF was the benefit of having a a€?technical services teama€? of independent experts a€?mentoringa€? the projects alongside the Carbon Trust programme managers. On the basis of the work undertaken under the MRPF we now estimate that several device developers should be in a position to commence deployment of small pre-commercial arrays in the period from 2013 to 2015. The Department is also working closely with colleagues in the EU to support the inclusion of wave and tidal energy within EU energy and R&D initiatives.
Government funding for wave and tidal energy has largely mirrored the development path of the sector.
The Department repeatedly faced criticism from the sector that the MRDF entry criteria were too strict and should be relaxed to allow technologies to be able to take advantage of the fund. The Renewables Advisory Board (RAB) report on the scheme, concluded that the MRDF was a basically sound scheme and its lack of uptake was not related to its design but to the delays in technology developers progressing devices to a pre-commercial level. The main non-financial barriers affecting the development and deployment of wave and tidal technologies are centred around planning and consenting requirements, knowledge sharing, grid connection and the development of an established supply chain. Because of this lack of data a number of different approaches have been adopted by different regulatory authorities for deployments to date. The implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and marine conservation legislation, specifically for Marine Protected Areas, may also have an effect on the deployment of wave and tidal technology (ranging from potentially restricting deployment in specific areas to requiring additional environmental mitigation and monitoring, with associated cost implications). The Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 established a framework to manage our seas better and included the introduction of marine planning and a new streamlined licensing system.
To consider these and related issues, the UK Marine Energy Programme has set up two working groups covering Planning & Consenting and Knowledge Sharing. The Planning & Consenting working group is led by the MMO and Marine Scotland through their Offshore Renewable Energy Licensing Group (that is also looking at offshore wind).
The Knowledge Sharing working group is being led by the Crown Estate, working with Renewable UK and other interested parties. Grid availability: There are currently a number of grid connected marine energy devices operating in the UK.
Work is already underway to put in place the changes needed to the grid which may be required to accommodate the general increase in offshore renewable generation expected by 2020.
Further information on offshore grid developments is contained in the Renewable Energy Roadmap (pages 54a€“56).
To what extent is the supply chain for marine renewables based in the UK and how does Government policy affect the development of these industries? The Governmenta€™s planned development of Marine Energy Parks will assist in promoting the development of the UKa€™s supply chain for marine energy.
By providing the appropriate framework both in terms of regulation and financial support the Government aims to encourage investment and deployment of marine energy technology in the UK to help embed a home based supply chain industry, maintain the UKa€™s lead in the sector and benefit from the potentially substantial export opportunities in the sector once it expands into overseas markets. The Government and Devolved Administrations have provided significant levels of support to developing the wave and tidal stream energy sector in the UK.
To support the commercial-sale deployment the Government is providing long term support through market-based instruments such as the Renewables Obligation and the outcomes of the Electricity Market Reform process. In conjunction with this the Government is working with the sector and other key stakeholders, principally through the UK Marine Energy Programme, to address financial and non-financial barriers to the development of a commercial market for marine energy in the longer term.
The Technology Strategy Board focuses on bringing early stage project to a pre-commercialisation prototype stage and many of the leading device developers have already benefitted from TSB funding.
The Energy Technologies Institutea€™s unique partnership between international industrial companies and the UK Government aims to bridge the gulf between laboratory proven technologies and full-scale commercially tested systems.
The Carbon Trust has just reported on its Marine Energy Accelerator Programme first phase following their delivery of the MRPF which helped many of the devices now leading the way to develop their technologies.
As requested by the Select Committee, this annex summarises the funding which the Government and Devolved Administrations have allocated to development of marine energy over the last 5 years.
In addition the management costs of the MRDF totalled A?460k (over the life of the scheme, 2005a€“11). EMEC phase 3 Infrastructure improvements (2009a€“10 to 2010a€“11) for three additional grid connect berths and construction of a four berth non-grid connected nursery sitea€”Total: A?8 million. Total: A?400ka€”expenditure incurred has been for offshore renewables and not specifically marine.
A?2.5 milliona€”support related to on and offshore infrastructure work (moorings, substations) at the European Marine Energy Centre in Orkney (EMEC). The A?10 million Saltire Prize will be awarded to the consortium that best demonstrates commercially viable wave or tidal stream energy in Scottish waters by achieving a minimum electrical output of 100 GWh over a continuous two year period. Low Carbon Research Institute Marine Programme (LCRI Marine)a€”A?7 million (2010a€“13) Marine LCRI has been funded from the Welsh European Funding Office (WEFO) to undertake significant multidisciplinary, pan-Wales research through the Wales Low Carbon Research Institute (LCRI).
The most recent Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index put out by EY highlights the dangers of the UK Government’s current renewable energy policy.


EY published its quarterly Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index (RECAI) this week, which saw a major reshuffling of its top 10 most attractive countries in terms of their renewable energy potential and growth.
This, despite concerted efforts on the part of the national renewable energy industry, experts, and intelligence agencies the world over.
Passed on the opportunity is has, as we have seen time and time again over the past few months. Projected overspend of the existing and past government subsidies is often cited as the reason renewable energy subsidies are being scrapped. The latter statement, ironically, is not one anyone is disagreeing with — many within the industry believe that onshore wind and solar PV are within three to five years of reaching grid parity. However, the sticking point is the impact cutting renewables subsidies will have on the short-term growth of the industry. A mixture of already-announced renewable energy subsidy cuts, mixed messages from those in charge, and rumors surrounding the future of vital renewable energy subsidy schemes like the Renewables Obligation and Feed-in Tariff schemes has severely dampened investor confidence in the UK’s onshore wind and solar industries. Keep up to date with all the hottest cleantech news by subscribing to our (free) cleantech newsletter, or keep an eye on sector-specific news by getting our (also free) solar energy newsletter, electric vehicle newsletter, or wind energy newsletter. Joshua S Hill I'm a Christian, a nerd, a geek, and I believe that we're pretty quickly directing planet-Earth into hell in a handbasket!
The map shows how and where the biggest-ever pumped-storage hydro-scheme could be built – Strathdearn in the Scottish Highlands. The scheme requires a massive dam about 300 metres high and 2,000 metres long to impound about 4.4 billion metres-cubed of water in the upper glen of the River Findhorn. The maximum potential energy which could be stored by such a scheme is colossal – about 6800 Gigawatt-hours – or 283 Gigawatt-days – enough capacity to balance and back-up the intermittent renewable energy generators such as wind and solar power for the whole of Europe! There would need to be two pumping and turbine generating stations at different locations – one by the sea at Inverness which pumps sea-water uphill via pressurised pipes to 300 metres of elevation to a water well head which feeds an unpressurised canal in which water flows to and from the other pumping and turbine generating station at the base of the dam which pumps water up into the reservoir impounded by the dam. To fill or empty the reservoir in a day would require a flow rate of 51,000 metres-cubed per second, the equivalent of the discharge flow from the Congo River, only surpassed by the Amazon! This represents many times more power and energy-storage capacity than is needed to serve all of Britain’s electrical grid storage needs for backing-up and balancing intermittent renewable-energy electricity generators, such as wind turbines and solar photovoltaic arrays for the foreseeable future, opening up the possibility to provide grid energy storage services to Europe as well.
UK electricity ratepayers will still, in five years, be shovelling an awful lot of money to renewable energy: increasingly offshore wind, the beneficiary of the strange panic against onshore.
Of course, offshore wind needs much higher subsidies than onshore or solar – especially the directly awarded CFD projects.
I don’t have an issue with giving Offshore the subsidies it requires to become cheaper – the last round of CfD projects were cheaper than expected if I recall correctly?
Offshore will never be as cheap as onshore, obviously, but the higher CFs, will in the long run make it pay.
They might be left supporting more onshore wind if there aren’t enough offshore projects left at the next round?
I get the impression that the latest exercise has been carefully designed to scapegoat the FITs, and shift attention from the CfDs, which are where all the future growth in Levy spending is going. The Tories are still working from the incorrect assumption that the UK cannot be 100% RE dependent.
On top of those criticisms, he uses a fixed windspeed (and since P goes as wind velocity cubed, this is important) and only assumes a 1.5MW turbine onshore and 3MW offshore, which is out of date. He does discuss efficiency and electrification of cars – particularly EVs, but again I think he only assumes a 40% reduction in energy use for transportation. I think the biggest problem with his work for me, is that as a Physicist (I’m one myself), he should recognise that whilst an order of magnitude calculation is ok to prove if something viable or not.
Surely Mackay was told to load the stats to make it look like solar and wind were pointless…!
I haven’t forgotten pulling together criticisms of Mackay for an article – just need to find the time! Pull the data out of the various studies and make a simple as possible statement about how much of each source it would take – x% wind, y% solar, etc. Given that winter usually has quite a few clear, sunny days, solar could help more than most people think. But, yes wind (combination of on and offshore) will cover up to 50% (or more) of the total.
Off-shore wind has advantages like the lack of size limitations due to on-land transport infrastructure such as roads not being wide enough for larger parts. That nuke price only holds if there’s no delays or cost overruns in building the plant. By what I understand, an unspoken part of the reason why they want the Hinkley nuclear plant is so they can develop their next generation nuclear weapons. Network and establish your business in one of North America’s largest energy industries. The UK has huge potential for marine power and is considered the most attractive destination to develop marine projects in Europe, states a new report by energy experts GlobalData. The new report (Installed Capacity, Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE), Profiles of Technology Developers and Key Country Analysis to 2030) shows that the marine energy industry is in the emerging stages of development, and the UK is home to the R&D resources needed to further develop these power generation technologies.
Energy from the ocean could play a vital role in the UK’s ambition to achieve an 80% cut in carbon emissions by 2050, with the UK government setting a target to develop 2,000 megawatts (MW) of marine installed capacity by 2020. Thanks to this capacity, the UK has become a hub for marine research centers and leading marine energy companies, and boasts the world’s second largest tidal range in the Severn Estuary. As a result of this, the UK is heading the innovation race in marine energy technology, boasting the highest number of projects in a single country currently being actively demonstrated. The UK Marine Energy Program, established in 2011, focuses on augmenting the research, development and deployment ability of tidal and wave energy devices.
The Scottish government is also playing a major role in the development of the UK’s marine energy industry, introducing a number of schemes to harness the energy found in some of world’s strongest tides in the northern part of Scotland. In order to promote renewable energy and attain an ambitious carbon emissions cut, the UK has introduced the Renewables Obligation Order, which requires electricity providers to supply a certain quota of electricity produced from renewable sources. Electricity providers are issued Renewable Obligation Certificates (ROC) for every megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity produced from renewable energy sources, and the government provides certain technologies with more than one ROC per MWh of generation in order to increase support for emerging, higher risk technologies. Power generated from wave, tidal stream, or tidal barrage sources receive two ROCs per MWh, while an enhanced tidal stream receives three ROCs per MWh and enhanced wave receives five ROCs per MWh generated.
Posted on October 8, 2012 with tags Encourages, energy, europe, generation, government, marine, News by topic, Subsea, UK.
UK Transport Secretary Patrick McLoughlin has today approved plans to create a world-class centre for the renewable energy industries on the south bank of the Humber. Able’s founder and Executive Chairman Peter Stephenson described this as ‘massively important for the region and the whole of the UK economy’.
The Government’s go-ahead for the development of a ?450million Marine Energy Park will provide state-of-the-art quayside facilities purpose-built for the manufacture, assembly and installation of offshore renewable technologies, at Able Humber Port – the largest site available for port-related developments in Europe. The decision to approve the multi-million pound project follows an extensive planning process, which has seen detailed scrutiny of all aspects of the development—including measures by the company to develop a ?60million package protecting wildlife and the environment. Able Marine Energy Park (AMEP) is at the centre of the largest Enterprise Zone in the UK which covers both sides of the Humber and today Peter Stephenson predicted that, as well as attracting around 4,000 local jobs directly, it will be the catalyst for delivering the Humber-wide vision to create a cluster of renewable energy companies, both large and small.
Mr Stephenson said: “During the public hearings into our plans for AMEP, its significance was compared to the impact of the Nissan development in the North East and this is no exaggeration. Posted on December 18, 2013 with tags Able, energy, europe, gives, government, green, Light, marine, News by topic, park, UK.
Vattenfall has given the green light to a 15 turbine offshore wind farm off the Kent coast. The Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) has called for the adoption of a co-ordinated policy approach to energy use and energy supply in response to a number of recent Government consultations.
Building performance has taken on an increased significance as it focuses on enabling efficient energy consumption within the built environment. Rapidly achievable measures must be a national priority, simple improvements in building performance could contribute a 10% saving in energy usage. A 10% saving in energy usage could lead to a possible ?11billion reduction in the ?110billion allocated for investment in new generating capacity.
Under current plans to prevent predicted energy shortages, every household in the country from 2020 will incur an annual ?100 levy to help meet this critical expenditure on new energy generation and reconfiguring the National Grid.
This has huge social as well as economic implications as many already struggle to choose between ‘heat or eat’.
According to the regulator, the ?20 million ($30.9M) programme in underexplored areas of the United Kingdom Continental Shelf (UKCS) will improve the previously sparse seismic coverage in the Rockall Trough and Mid-North Sea High regions. The regulator said that additional seismic information contributed by WesternGeco from the 2014 Atlantic Margin survey would be complemented by other legacy datasets to create a combined data package of 40,000 km.
The OGA is currently preparing for the 29th Round which, subject to the necessary regulatory approvals, will be announced in 2016 focusing on frontier areas using the data from the seismic campaign. Exploration activity on the UKCS has fallen in recent years and this campaign is part of a comprehensive plan to help revitalise exploration on the UKCS, the OGA said. Maersk Drilling Norge AS was established in 1990 and employs a staff of approximately 1000 people. Do you attach great importance to quality and do you have an affinity with offshore projects? These statistics are particularly worrying when you consider the fact that the American Nuclear Society [ANS] have estimated that it would take 2,077 wind turbines to create the same amount of energy as one nuclear power plant [13]. Over the past three years in Britain, wind farms have been paid 70 million pounds of Tax payers' money to turn off their turbines [15]. Considering the facts that a Wind Turbine has a life-span of 20 years [17], reports from UCL & the University of Edinburgh showing there being 117 fires globally per annum & 200,000 turbines worldwide [18], approximately one in every 85.4 wind turbines will combust at some point in its lifetime. By funding costly energy sources that have a net negative impact on job growth, we are fueling these deaths. There is widespread agreement regarding a rise in thyroid cancer in those who were exposed to the radiation when they were very young. And, more than 50 years after splitting the first atom, science has yet to devise a method for adequately handling long lived radioactive wastes (3). These compounds are 10,000 times more efficient than carbon dioxide at trapping heat, and therefore are a potent destroyer of the ozone layer in the stratosphere (4).
It does not contaminate, it is inexhaustible and reduces the use of fossil fuels, which are the origin of greenhouse gases that cause global warming.
Unlike fossil fuels and nuclear power plants, wind energy has one of the lowest water-consumption footprints, which makes it a key for conserving hydrological resources (5).
As if the survey wasn't enough, this will further show that people do not want nuclear power any more. Besides previous evidence given of how big the problem of types of radiation produced from nuclear power plants really are, as it's pointed out, current strategies of using highly efficient gas centrifuge technology will use no CFCs and will therefore avoid these problems. He also, in the same paragraph, implies that wind is significantly better than nuclear because of their difference in greenhouse effect.
Wind energy projects do not contaminate or pollute the land upon which they are built, or any adjacent waters.
If this is intended as an argument, more data that is gathered from several days is needed to provide a more accurate representation.
Considering this, what would be the point in spinning the truth to push a source of energy such as nuclear, when it would be significantly more profitable to introduce Green Taxes, Wind subsidies, etc. If there is any type of energy causing a problem for Germany, it certainly isn't nuclear, as nuclear energy has progressed in the past few decades so much that there have been no disasters caused by nuclear power in Germany post-1990 [46].Concerning the amount of deaths Wind and Nuclear causeCon dismisses the reliability of the source on the basis that the post includes the line "I wrote this back in 2008", however he has clearly not read the source comprehensively, as the source takes note of it and adds the figures for 2011 as well [9]. Con's third contention isn't even related to the effect nuclear energy has on the environment. This debate either has an Elo score requirement or is to be voted on by a select panel of judges. Carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, accounting for 84% of total UK greenhouse gas emissions, was up 3.8%. The statistics showed an increase of 13.4% in CO2 emissions from the residential sector over the previous year, mostly due to increased use of gas in homes. Friends Of The Earth executive director, Andy Atkins, said: 'Our economy is as dangerously hooked on fossil fuels as it was 20 years ago - so emissions are bound to rise as the economy picks up.
Now the Arctic is defrosting and sea levels even affect your seaside holiday, perhaps it is too late.
The answer is in this paper which tries to establish exactly how the future should be for this unique species, in both Europe and Central Asia. The development of these devices has been assisted by Government funding but commercial scale demonstration and deployment is yet to begin.
Commercial scale deployment will then increase through the second half of the decade, reaching in the order of 200a€“300MW by 2020. This commitment is acknowledged by marine energy being an explicit part of the Coalition Agreement which states: a€?We will introduce measures to encourage marine energya€?. As a result of this, of our excellent marine energy resources and of Government support for the sector, many of these leading overseas device developers have offices in the UK. The challenge for the sector is to move from a research and development focus towards, initially, demonstration of small arrays (in the range of 5a€“10MW) and subsequently commercial scale deployment in the period to 2020. This reflects cost differences between the individual technologies considered, uncertainties about anticipated levels of learning and of global deployment, and technology risk. This includes support for innovation and demonstration of devices, revenue support under market-based instruments and the acceleration of supply chain growth through the development of Marine Energy Parks. It does not cover tidal range energy or other forms of marine energy, which are not relevant for mass deployment in the UK such as ocean thermal energy conversion or salinity gradient technology. There are significant uncertainties but under deployment projections of 2.6GW installed capacity in 2030, wave and tidal stream could provide carbon abatement benefits of 17Mt of CO2 valued at A?490 million to 2030 (real, discounted with central projections for the EU-ETS carbon price). This could increase the UKa€™s security of supply and reduce over-reliance on one type of technology or fuel. For instance tidal energy intermittency is predictable and, with the phasing of the tides around the coastline, could form part of the energy systema€™s baseload to provide bulk electricity to the grid, unlike offshore wind. In 2008a€“09, the UK market size for wave and tidal was A?78 million, while UK employment in the sector was approximately 600 people. This would result in an attractive environment for both domestic and inward investment in manufacturing facilities as well as the potential for UK export to international markets.
Whilst the industry is not expected to make a strong contribution to the 2020 renewables target, Government support is assisting the industry to establish the basis for commercial scale deployment in the period to 2020.
Significant development and demonstration of the current technologies will be needed before the sector begins commercial scale deployment. This, coupled with the large cost of developing such prototypes, has made it difficult for prototype developersa€”mostly SME start-ups some years away from achieving any commercial returna€”to raise the necessary capital to support development. Whilst larger investors are taking more interest, financial modelling carried out by DECC has shown that the first demonstration arrays (ranging in size from 5a€“10MW) will require both grant and market instrument support to generate the internal rates of return which will be necessary to justify investment from funding partners such as utilities and large industrial organisations. Following the success of the Marine Renewables Proving Fund (MRPF, see below), DECCa€™s focus is now shifting towards the demonstration of a small number of marine technologies through the deployment of small commercial-scale arrays. Other public funding bodies (eg within the Low Carbon Innovation Group or the Devolved Administrations) will be best placed to address funding gaps for such issues. Commercial scale deployment of energy devices is more effectively supported under the framework of market incentives which DECC has in place, namely the Renewables Obligation (RO) and, beyond 2017, the outcomes of the Electricity Market Reform. The Low Carbon Innovation Group (LCIG), which brings together the key organisations that use either in whole or in part public funds to invest in low carbon innovation, ensures such a focused, co-ordinated approach to the delivery of UK Governmenta€™s support. Each member has a specific remit and brings a unique perspective and skill set to the area. Currently focusing on nine low carbon technologies, including marine energy, the TINAs will provide detailed analysis of the key innovation needs in each technology, an assessment of the likely impact and value of those innovations and an assessment of the need for UK government support in addressing those needs.
Details of future schemes are still under development but the expected relationship between the planned key marine innovation programmes from LCIG members is summarised in the diagram below. A package of funding from DECC and BIS totalling A?28 million supported the expansion of EMEC in Orkney, the National Renewable Energy Centre (NaREC) in Northumberland and Wave Hub in Cornwall. A Marine Energy Programme Board has been created to oversee the development of the Programme and advise Ministers on what actions the Programme should address to advance the industry. The development of marine energy parks throughout the UK will encourage the clustering of activities with the aim of bringing together R&D capabilities, manufacturing, marine energy infrastructure, environmental expertise and other activities to drive the marine sector forward to commercialisation and encourage the development of its supply chain. This has led to a significant number of wave and tidal energy devices being pulled through the development process to a point where they are being tested at megawatt scale.
It aimed to support, through a combination of capital grants and revenue support, the construction and operation of early-stage commercial scale wave and tidal stream projects using technologies that had completed their initial R&D phase. The MRPF has driven forward the development of six of the leading wave and tidal devices, four of which have already been deployed at the EMEC with the remaining two due to be deployed in the next year. Although details of the scheme remain to be defined, we anticipate it will be based on a competitive process which will aim to support the demonstration of up to two 5a€“10 MW marine energy arrays. The Government is currently undertaking a Banding Review to consider the levels of support provided under the RO for all renewable energy technologies, including marine, for the period 2013a€“17.
Ministers will set the GIBa€™s strategic priorities in due course, to ensure that the Bank remains an effective instrument of green policy. The 1.6 GW (600 MW from wave and 1000MW from tidal stream) proposed by the developers, could, if developed to full capacity, meet the electricity needs of up to three quarters of a million homes. DECCa€™s post-consultation report on the assessment should be published on the SEA website shortly. SeaGen, the first full-scale commercial scale tidal energy device to be deployed anywhere in the world, was initially developed with support from the TSB research programme and from the Carbon Trusta€™s Marine Energy Accelerator programme.
Close working with the sector through initiatives such as the Marine Energy Action Plan and the UK Marine Energy Programme has given the government access to data which has allowed us to target our limited resources to address demonstrable market failures and innovation need, in a manner in which it will have the most positive effect. The fund was created in response to the failure of the sector to access the MRDF (see case study below). For example the support provided to developers under the MRPF was underpinned by further investment in the UKa€™s wave and tidal energy testing facilities and by complementary research calls from TSB, totalling A?12 million. Although this added to the apparent programme management costs of the scheme, this was highlighted as a success by several participants as it ensured better delivery against the schemea€™s objectives, increased reliability of the devices and maximised the value obtained from the projects. This was taken into account in DECCa€™s decision to allocate up to A?20 million of its innovation budget to a new scheme which, subject to value for money consideration, will support the demonstration of small pre-commercial wave and tidal arrays. We will continue to use our links with organisations such as Renewable UK, the European Ocean Energy Association, the British Irish Council and the International Energy Agency Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement to promote the UK marine energy sector internationally, to collaborate and to learn lessons from international activities in the sector. The exception was the A?50 million MRDF, launched in 2006 to support the demonstration of small arrays of pre-commercial wave and tidal energy devices. However, there would have been significant risks with a relaxation of the entry criteriaa€”to both the public purse and to the sector alike. DECC addressed the sectora€™s need for funding to develop and prove their large scale prototypes through the MRPF. However, the data available on the environmental effects of wave and tidal technologies are limited as individual devices have only recently started to be deployed. In some cases a more precautionary approach to granting consent and environmental monitoring and mitigation measures has been taken. DECC and DEFRA are working together to achieve the right balance between conservation objectives and deployment of offshore renewables. These groups will consider measures to ensure an appropriate balance can be struck between protection of the marine environment and the production of marine renewable energy and how to broaden access to data of value across the sector.
The working group will, among other things, take an overview of licensing and permitting processes associated with deployment of wave and tidal deployment, examine regulatory processes and particularly, identify and propose solutions to issues that affect efficient and timely licensing.
The group will explore ideas and discuss the possible creation of a network for knowledge development, based on collaboration and sharing. Because these are single devices or relatively small installations (eg EMEC and Wave Hub) connection has been via the distribution network. This includes the need for timely and potentially significant investment in the grid, both to bring electricity ashore and to strengthen the onshore transmission network. Electricity transmission network company Business Plans for the period 2013-21 have been submitted to Ofgem. However, that supply chain is still at a very early stage of development as the sector has not yet progressed beyond the manufacturing of single prototypes or pre-commercial devices. Confidence in the wave & tidal sector will also build confidence in the supply chain sector and encourage it to invest in innovation and gearing up for commercial scale production. To date this has largely been directed towards research and development activities aimed at developing successful megawatt-scale prototype devices.
They have recently invested A?7.7 million to push marine technology from initial concept through to deployment, including the marine energy Supergen programme.


Their on-going funding for marine projects (A?12 million announced in 2010) supports underpinning technology development, cost reduction and improved performance through innovation. Through the A?3.5 million Programme, the Carbon Trust, working with the industry and developers to progress key component technologies, has set out clear pathways to achieve the future cost of energy reduction needed to make marine technologies competitive with other forms of renewable generation.
In addition, there is one project yet to start, comprising a further A?1.1 million of grant.
The A?7 million LCRI Marine Consortium aims to enable, support and help build a sustainable marine energy sector in Wales. One of the biggest losers in the RECAI was the United Kingdom, which dropped out of the top 10 for the first time since the RECAI was first established in 2003. Only this month we’ve seen UK developer PS Renewables claim that they have reached grid parity on the development of large-scale solar projects. In a separate piece of research conducted by EY for Scottish Renewables and published earlier this month, the country’s renewable energy trade body, it was discovered that investors had been put off investing in onshore wind because of recently-announced and rumored cuts to onshore wind subsidies. The surface elevation of the reservoir so impounded would be as much as 650 metres when full and the surface area would be as much as 40 square-kilometres. When nearly empty and powering only the lower turbines by the sea, then about 132 GW could be produced. It will take three actors to agree for this: the government (basically the Treasury, who can count), EDF, and the Chinese. I know the DECC model, based on his work, grossly underestimates the potential for solar by ruling out (a) E and W – facing roofs, (b) the countryside.
Instead those that have direct FF interests seem to be intent on slowing things down to rake in the cash asap. The country is testing a large number of wave and tidal technologies with the support of the European Marine Energy Centre, which has 14 full-scale testing berths in the Orkneys region. The program acts as a supporting pillar in the industry, addressing issues related to planning and consent of projects, and forming a network for the sharing of marine intelligence.
The UK government are therefore putting their money where their mouth is, and encouraging marine energy generation. The course is based on the EEMUA User Guide to subsea materials selection and corrosion control, EEMUA Publication 194. Permanent employees of EEMUA and SUT member companies are entitled to a 20% discount off the standard course fee. The construction process will begin early next year with the 1,289m quay being available from late 2016. It provides the opportunity, not available at any other UK location, to create a critical mass of activity—not only producing wind turbines and their foundations but also providing a base for offshore installation. AMEP provides that opportunity to deliver a truly integrated business cluster that will be the envy of continental competitors. Today’s approval – coupled with the Government’s support confirmed in the recent Autumn Statement – is just the message they required and will now enable us to progress negotiations with a range of clients wanting to bring jobs and investment to the Humber.
Port developments like this are not for the faint hearted and it has been a long 6 year haul for all those involved – we are indebted to our colleagues and those from the many different companies and organisations who have provided technical and legal support. We know that view is shared by the overwhelming majority of people in the area, including local Members of Parliament, by local authorities the Local Enterprise Partnership and a wide range of local businesses. Can you find smart sales approaches and do you have an affinity for the offshore wind industry?
Alistair Buchanan has said about 10 per cent of Britain’s generation stock will disappear as soon as next month as coal and oil-fired power stations close earlier than expected to meet environmental targets. In addition, OGA says it welcomes nominations from industry, by the end of 2015, of blocks in other areas that may be made available for licensing. Seismic data is currently being processed by WesternGeco and data packages will be made freely available when they are finalised towards the end of Q1 2016. Other related activities include the ongoing 21st Century Exploration Roadmap Palaeozoic Study, managed by the British Geological Survey in collaboration with industry. If we rely on nuclear power for energy, we are opening ourselves to the temptation of nuclear weapons. There are reported rises in other thyroid diseases, immune system disorders, and learning problems in children. While nuclear power may not emit as much c02 as oil and natural gas, it instead emits a gas more potent than c02.
In addition, wind energy is a "native" energy, because it is available practically everywhere on the plant, which contributes to reducing energy imports and to creating wealth and local employment (5). Jacobson is hardly an unbiased or respectable source, as it's been shown that his attempts to quantify the death toll of fukishima are junk science [23]. However, as scientific evidence from Professor Gordon Hughes of Edinburgh University and Parliament shows [1, 2], the difference between wind and nuclear in Carbon Dioxide emissions is either insignificant or none.
However at this time I would like to point out that this argument is not unique to nuclear power. We also must consider the information that is left out of these arguments, such as how many wind turbines are used in Britain, as a small number of turbines will result in a small amount of electricity. His evidence as far as wind turbine syndrome is contradictory and therefore must not be considered in this debate.
My opponent also states the words of George Taylor, saying that the cost could be higher due to hidden costs.
Despite global wind consumption ~doubling, the amount of deaths wind causes has stayed the same (so have the death count for nuclear) on a per terawatt basis. On the contract, the Conservative party proudly said that if they failed to deliver the promises, to kick them out in 5 years time. Under the UN's Kyoto Protocol, Britain is committed to cutting emissions to 12.5% below 1990 levels before 2012.
However, many believe this was a result of an exceptionally cold winter, as well as a shift from nuclear power to coal and gas for energy production.
But given the unprecedented talking about carbon limitations and political action, the classic crunch could come next year, when there could be a slight cooling. They could even end up in commercial aquarium shows, but they certainly rarely make it back to the sea.
As such, marine energy is likely to only make a modest contribution to our energy mix to 2020 but it is a technology which provides an option for bulk renewable energy generation as part of our energy mix to 2030 and 2050.
The figure below, extracted from the Roadmap, gives an indication of the range of potential deployment for marine energy in the UK to 2020. These include the success of the marine technology development in reducing cost, the economics of the alternatives and the assumptions made on the sectora€™s ability to overcome potential financial, technical and other barriers to deployment. Ireland and the 1MW Atlantis AK1000 turbine at the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) in Orkney. As part of this process, the sector will need to prove that its technology will operate on a commercial basis in arrays and demonstrate that it can reduce costs of generation sufficiently to make the technology cost effective in the longer term (with respect to other forms of renewable generation). Capital costs are expected to fall as projects move from prototype stage to commercial scale deployment, but the scale of the decrease is hard to predict and will depend, for example, on the intensity of the marine resource exploited. This work is coordinated by the UK Marine Energy Programme Board, which is chaired by Greg Barker, Minister of State for Energy and Climate Change. By 2050, for a high deployment scenario of 27GW installed capacity, wave and tidal stream technologies could save 61Mt of CO2 valued at A?1.1bn to the UK economy (real, discounted). Due to their limited contribution to renewable electricity to 2020, marine energy technologies will only contribute to the energy mix in the longer term.
In addition wave energy is much more predictable over longer periods than wind giving more scope for short-term planning of grid usage. Development of the domestic facilities will also provide significant opportunity for exports of both technology and knowledge.
This would enable the technology to contribute to the energy mix carbon reduction targets and economy in the 2020s and beyond.
The risks entailed in bringing forward marine technologies are being addressed by Government largely though innovation funding.
Indeed, a study by Kreab & Gavin Anderson for DECC showed that the financial markets have perceived the marine energy sector as inherently risky. This has been corroborated by commercial information provided by both technology and project developers.
Government support at this stage of development is needed as, although arrays are the next crucial step towards wider commercial scale deployment, they are viewed as high risk by investors due to their uncertain success rates and considerable cost. This has largely been aimed towards the development of prototype devicesa€”from design through tank testing to full-scale prototype development. This has led to the UK possessing a unique device testing, development and demonstration offer which has acted as a draw to overseas device developers. The Board is chaired by Greg Barker, Minister of State for Energy and Climate Change, and comprises energy utilities, industrial companies, technology developers, financiers as well as Government. This model, which will need to be truly sustainable and build on the strengths of the region, could form the basis for other regions looking to establish their own Park.
It has also led to the UKa€™s unique innovation testing infrastructure thus putting the UK in the position of world leading player in the development, testing and deployment of marine energy.
The success of the MRPF has paved the way for the sector to begin demonstration of small arrays of devices in the coming three to four years. The first small arrays will be critical to accelerating the learning-by-doing elements of cost reduction across the industry, while demonstrating that marine energy can be successfully generated at scale.
The Government intends to publish its consultation shortly and announce its decision on banding levels as soon as possible after the consultation ends. The GIB will be an enduring institution, seeing an acceptable level of return on investment. The Crown Estate is expected to launch a leasing round for Northern Ireland waters later this year. The SEA for English and Welsh waters will complement the existing work on SEAs for Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Severn estuary.
Successive support from DECCa€™s MRPF, complementary TSB support and the RO have allowed SeaGen to move from unproven prototype to a grid-connected device supplying electricity to Northern Ireland since December 2008. When additional innovation funding became available to DECC in 2009, the lessons learned from the MRDF strongly informed the design of the MRPF, specifically to address the failure of the sector to progress to large scale prototype deployment and testing.
The scheme provided six grants with all but one of the recipients due to have deployed their devices for testing this year. We will consider whether a similar approach would be beneficial for future grant funding schemes.
We plan to use the Finance Working Group of the UK Marine Energy Programme Board to provide sector input into the design of the new scheme in the autumn.
The scheme was instigated on the basis of discussions with the sector between 2004 and 2006, which asserted that such a support scheme was urgently required to allow the sector to progress to commercialisation. Devices would have been deployed prematurely, leading to a high risk of (catastrophic) project failure. In others a more flexible a€?deploy and monitora€? approach has been used for the limited levels of deployment to date (largely single test devices). It will provide greater certainty for developers, allowing growth, whilst reducing burdens on industry and ensuring cumulative effects of development are within eco-system limits.
The next phase of deployment for the sector being small pre-commercial arrays of devices (in the range of 5a€“10MW) and these will also in all likelihood be connected into the distribution network. Given the geographical distribution of marine energy resource the longer term needs of the sector are being included in network company considerations for accommodating the offshore renewables sector. It is difficult at this stage to know if the current suppliers for prototypes will end up forming a significant part of the supply chain once manufacturing is scaled up for commercial scale production or whether components and services will be sourced elsewhere. This, including the Departmenta€™s recent A?22 million Marine Renewables Proving Fund, has allowed the sector to bring forward a number of promising devices to the point where several are now ready for pre-commercial demonstration in small arrays (5-10MW) over the coming three to four years.
A further A?2.4 million budget focuses on the environmental benefits and risks of up-scaling marine renewable energy.
The TSB are in the process of establishing a Technology and Innovation Centre (TIC) in offshore renewable energy, including marine energy. The Carbon Trust also fund a number of wave and tidal projects under its Applied Research Programme. Overall management charges and tasks related to the demonstration scheme: A?205k (this includes the development and promotion of the scheme, evaluating applications and dealing with developer enquiries).
The UK is the world’s largest offshore wind market, with just over half of all globally installed capacity, and many believe that the UK can lead the way in reducing offshore wind costs.
When nearly full and the upper turbines at the base of the dam fully powered too then about 264 GW could be produced.
The difference is good for the developers of the earlier projects, but means that a far greater proportion of the subsidy pot has been taken up than would have otherwise been the case. The squires actually love rural solar and have been building it as fast as they can, with photogenic sheep underneath.
This potential was, of course, underlined last month by the news that a major Foundation manufacturer – Strabag – identified AMEP as it’s ‘preferred location’ for it’s 500 job European production facility and last week saw the Humber LEP finalise it’s City Deal.
There are extensive reports of high rates of heart and blood problems and lung and gastrointestinal disorders. Switching to nuclear power will not help to stop or decrease global warming but instead will increase it. While nuclear power takes water to work and in turn contaminates it with radioactive waste, wind power neither relays on, or contaminates water. However, I will direct your attention to contention 3, sub point C, which states that methane, ten times more powerful than co2 is emitted from nuclear power plants. I would like to point out my opponent never says exactly what these hidden costs could include.
Needless to say this contract is now deleted from their website.Concerning the unreliability of Wind energyCon seems to have misunderstood the point I was making here. The country has also set a domestic target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20% before 2020.
DECC 2050 Pathways analysis suggests that deployment could range from a negligible level (in a worst case scenario) up to, at the higher end of the range, around 27 GW by 2050. Similarly, two of the worlda€™s most advanced wave energy devices (Pelamis and Aquamarinea€™s Oyster) are currently deployed in the UK, at EMEC.
A diversified renewables mix with marine energy as well as wind intermittent generation will likely reduce the need for back-up and reserve capacity, and hence lead to fuel and CO2 savings. In addition, once commercial scale deployment of devices commences this will be supported through Government market support mechanisms allowing the sector to reduce costs of generation and move through to commercialisation. DECC has worked closely with the Board and its financial working group which have provided evidence to underpin the Departmenta€™s RO Banding Review. Should any device deployment be associated with plans to create a Marine Energy Park, these would be taken forward through the existing mechanisms which exist for seabed leasing (eg through The Crown Estate) and marine planning and licensing (eg through the Marine Management Organisation and IPC). This programme is expected to be launched in 2012 with the majority of funding available in years 2013a€“14 to 2014a€“15. The new bands for marine will come into effect on 1 April 2013, subject to Parliamentary and State Aid approval. In time, therefore, commercial scale marine energy deployments could benefit from the GIB investment. This should open up suitable sites across the UK for consideration for potential deployment of marine energy devices. The design of the MRPF also reflected a need to focus limited government support towards the leading devices in the sector so as to maximise progress towards array deployment. In doing so we will look to incorporate the lessons learned from the MRDF and the operation of the MRPF. In hindsight the industry claims were premature as developers have found it more difficult to develop, deploy and test prototypes to full-scale than anticipated.
This could have severely undermined investor confidence across the sector (making finance raising for technology and project development even more difficult), risked failure of those companies undertaking premature MRDF projects and wasted public money. Where a more precautionary approach has been taken the cost of surveys, analysis and reporting are not insignificant to developers.
It will not be until the sector begins the deployment of much larger commercial-scale array deployments in the latter half of the decade that grid availability and capacity is likely to become a consideration (albeit that project developers will need to factor timing of any needed grid enhancement into their developing business plans at a much earlier stage). This is the precursor to commercial-scale deployment of devices in the second half of the decade which will pave the way for the commercialisation of the sector. This aims to establish a critical mass of activity in accelerating the commercialisation of new concepts and research, and will be one of a new network of elite centres. Two key further projects are planned to fund tidal and wave array design developments that target whole system levelised cost of energy (LCoE) reduction.
If that happens, energy security would require a U-turn on solar and wind plus begging the Scots to allow gigawatts of pumped storage. This massive cost has therefore given the Tories justification for cutting support to all renewable energy (wind, solar, hydro etc) over the last few months. If governments across the world drop wind energy in favor of nuclear, they are causing strife between them and their people.
More on methane by saying, Methane (CH4) is the second most prevalent greenhouse gas emitted in the United States from human activities. Planning, building and operating a typical utility-scale wind farm creates 1,079 jobs over its lifetime (4). If stress is the only side effect and you deem it to be reason enough not to build wind turbines, by the same reasoning stress alone is reason enough to not get married, to not go to school, to not have a social life. Further deployments of both wave and tidal pre-commercial prototypes are scheduled over the next 12 months. This was supported by the conclusions of a report commissioned from Redpoint by Renewable UK (then BWEA). They have also assisted in DECC reaching a decision on the allocation of the innovation funding of up to A?20 million for marine energy and will provide advice over the coming months to assist detailed design of the scheme.
The data being gathered in these surveys are potentially of great value to Government and regulatory authorities and to the industry as a whole.
The MMO commenced planning in April 2011 in the East inshore and offshore areas between Flamborough Head to Felixstowe.
The centre is planned to start mid 2012, and will have core funding of its own, but will also competitively tender for public money through competitive funding and private contracts. Some contribute these conditions to the stress of having been exposed to radiation and to the decline in medical care and income following the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Developing, constructing and operating a windpark requires coordinating the efforts of many different teams and individuals.
However, these data are not always being shared because of its commercial value and the cost of obtaining it. Once a marine plan is in place all licensing decisions must be made in accordance with the plan therefore ensuring decisions are made in a sustainable manner. The TSB and Scottish Enterprise plan a joint programme targeting technical barriers to initial array deployment.
Many of those exposed at the time of the accident have now reached adulthood and are having children. I beleive majority of you will agree with me if I say a nuclear power plant being destroyed is more dangerous than a few fires."*believe It would appear not, as the death count of Nuclear vs Wind, which I have referenced earlier in this argument, shows. In response to the current difficulty in data management the Marine Management Organisation (MMO) are currently building up an evidence base for marine planning including gathering socio-economic and environmental information. The new licensing system was introduced on 6 April and the MMO are working with industry to ensure clarity on how these processes fit together. There are some indications that these children may be suffering from radiation effects on their parents (2). Having one organisation collate and manage the data will ensure standardisation and consistency. In addition, there is likely to be a a€?next generation devicea€? programme which will help to bring on individual devices that can step-change the cost of energy in the longer term. The MMO are working with industry to ensure as much information as possible is shared with Government and regulatory authorities.



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