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About cold sores There are two types of HSV – HSV-1 and HSV-2.
Labial herpes: A small sore situated on the face or in the mouth that causes pain, burning, or itching before bursting and crusting over. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.
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Genital herpes: A viral infection transmitted through intimate contact with the moist mucous linings of the genitals.
Birth-acquired herpes is a herpes virus infection that an infant gets (acquires) at the time of birth. If the mother has an active genital herpes infection at the time of delivery, the baby is more likely to become infected during birth. In addition, some people have had herpes infections in the past, but were not aware of it and were never diagnosed or treated.
Infants may acquire congenital herpes from a mother with an active, possibly inapparent herpes infection at the time of birth. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesviruses, especially herpes simplex types 1 and 2. Herpes simplex type 1, also known as human herpesvirus 1 (HHV-1), causes cold sores and fever blisters in the mouth and around it. Most cold sores are caused by HSV-1, whereas most genital sores (genital herpes) are caused by HSV-2. Some mothers are not aware when they have internal (inside the vagina) herpes sores, so it is important for women to tell their doctor if they have a history of genital herpes. Aggressive treatment with antiviral medication is required, but may not be effective in the case of systemic herpes.
Director, Pediatric Hospitalist Program, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY.


A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Here is a depiction of a typical fever blister on the lip caused by HHV-1: Herpes simplex type 2, also known as human herpesvirus 1 (HHV-1), causes genital herpes, a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
Less frequented sites are the gums or roof of the mouth (the palate). Labial herpes is also called fever blisters or cold sores. Herpes type 2 (genital herpes) is the most common cause of herpes infection in newborn babies, but herpes type 1 (oral herpes) can also occur.
Once inside the body, HSV-2 travels to nerve roots near the spinal cord and settles there permanently.
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The virus lies latent (dormant) in the body and is reawakened (reactivated) by factors such as stress, sunburn, or fever from a wide range of infectious diseases including colds. When an infected person has a herpes outbreak, the virus travels down the nerve fibers to the site of the original infection and when it reaches the skin, the classic redness and blisters occur.
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Sunscreen (SPF 15 or more) on the lips prevents recurrences of herpes from sunburn. The virus is highly contagious when fever blisters are present. Women who have suppressed immune systems, either through stress, disease, or medications, have more frequent and longer-lasting outbreaks.
Symptoms and signs include itching, tingling, and redness of the skin followed by a blister formation.Genital Herpes - STD information from CDCGenital Herpes - STD Information from CDC. Children become infected by contact with someone who has a fever blister and then they spread the virus by rubbing their cold sore and touching other children. The US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of valacyclovir (Valtrex) for the prevention of sexual transmission of HSV infection. A person with fever blisters should be careful not to touch the blisters and spread the virus to new sites, such as the eyes or genitals. There is no cure for fever blisters. Medications that can relieve some of the pain and discomfort include ointments that numb the blisters, antibiotics that control secondary bacterial infections, and ointments that soften the crests of the sores.


Acyclovir, an antiviral drug, prevents the herpes simplex virus from multiplying and, in pill form, has been reported to reduce the symptoms and frequency of recurrence. In ancient Rome, an epidemic of fever blisters prompted Emperor Tiberius to ban kissing in public ceremonies. However, if they get worse, don’t improve within seven days, or you have recurrent outbreaks, see your GP for advice. This is a condition that can develop if the sores become infected with bacteria, causing them to become crusty and yellow. HSV can spread into broken skin (for example, eczema or dermatitis) and cause a serious skin infection. The infection is passed on through skin-to-skin contact, for example by kissing someone who has the virus or by sharing objects that have been in contact with the virus, such as a razor or a lipstick.
If you have any pain or discomfort, you can take over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. Always read the patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine and if you have any questions, ask your pharmacist for advice.
If you wear contact lenses, it’s particularly important to wash your hands before you touch them.
If possible, you should also try to discourage your child from sharing anything that may have come into contact with the cold sores, such as cutlery.
If, and when HSV becomes active again, your son is unlikely to have severe blistering in his mouth and on his gums again.
Young children can develop herpetic whitlow from sucking their thumbs or fingers when they have a cold sore. If your child has a cold sore, it’s good to try and encourage him or her not to touch it, or if they do, to wash their hands with soap and water straightaway.



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  • GULER, 30.05.2015 at 16:51:46
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