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January 7, 2013 by Jaakko Rautanen The biggest single problem I’m seeing when working on enterprise networks is the lack of L3 logical network diagrams. To be able to draw a logical network diagram, you should know exactly what information is presented in which diagram. L2 (or L1) diagram – presenting physical connections between L3 devices and switches. Usually, once an L3 diagram has been completed, you will see immediately which parts are not logically redundant, etc. Do you think it would be appropriate to throw things in like routing processes if you are using a dynamic routing protocol? My opinion is you can put more information in the diagram if it is valuable and you will keep it up to date.
So you but all access switches which do only L2 forwarding in the L3 diagramm because they have an IP address in the managemet vlan? I put management interface of L2 switches into L3 diagram because of I always want to see visual way which path management connection is going. Jumps are a carryover from electrical engineering circuit design that were abandoned over 20 years ago (for good reason), and could only be relevant in designing a circuit to reflect paths of physical conductivity.
I was looking for how to make vehicular networking diagram and found it with Conceptdraw pro. I know this post is getting a little old but I wanted to ask one quick question I didn’t see asked in the comments (maybe I overlooked it in the article too). One more question though, on the physical diagram is it necessary to include the access points, video conferencing and servers? Unsupported browserThis site was designed for modern browsers and tested with Internet Explorer version 10 and later.
While the Work Path is selected, go under File > Export > Paths to Illustrator and save the file. Although the text is not editable, it saves you from having to redo all the formatting within Illustrator! Roman roads were a vital part of the development of the Roman state, from about 500 BC through the expansion during the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
The Roman road system spanned more than 400,000 km of roads, including over 80,500 km of paved roads. At one point, the Roman Empire was divided into 113 provinces traversed by 372 great road links.
The Roman road networks were important both in maintaining the stability of the empire and for its expansion.
Roman law and tradition forbade the use of vehicles in urban areas, except in certain cases.
Roman roads vary from simple corduroy roads to paved roads using deep roadbeds of tamped rubble as an underlying layer to ensure that they kept dry, as the water would flow out from between the stones and fragments of rubble, instead of becoming mud in clay soils. The architecti had a full-time staff of agrimensores ("land surveyors") and libratores ("levelers"). This labor improved their strength and stamina, rendering them almost unbeatable, but elicited constant complaint about the back-breaking work, which sometimes turned to mutiny. As might have been expected, the legions sought involuntary assistance for their hard labor. After the architecti looked over the site of the proposed road and determined roughly where it should go, the agrimensores went to work surveying the road bed. The gromatici, the Roman equivalent of rod men, placed rods and put down a line called the rigor. The excavation was called the fossa, "ditch." It was typically 15' below the surface, but the depth varied according to terrain. Into the fossa was dumped large amounts of rubble, gravel and stone, whatever fill was available.
Today the concrete has worn from the spaces around the stones, giving the impression of a very bumpy road, but the original surface was no doubt much closer to being flat.
Outcroppings of stone, ravines, or hilly or mountainous terrain called for cuttings and tunnels. The beauty and grandeur of the roads might tempt us to believe that any Roman citizen could use them for free, but this was not the case.
With the conquest of Italy prepared viae were extended from Rome and its vicinity to outlying municipalities, sometimes overlying earlier roads. Building viae was a military responsibility and thus came under the jurisdiction of a consul.
A road map of the empire reveals that it was laced fairly completely with a network of prepared viae.
Before 250 BC, the via Appia, and after 124 BC, most viae, were divided into numbered miles by milestones.
A milestone, or miliarium, was a circular column on a solid rectangular base, set two feet into the ground, standing several feet high, 20" in diameter, weighing about 2 tons.
The Romans had a preference for standardization whenever they could, and so Augustus, after becoming permanent commissioner of roads in 20 BC, set up the miliarium aurum (golden milestone) near the temple of Saturn. A legion on the march didn't need a way station, as it brought its own baggage train (impedimenta) and constructed its own camp (castra) every evening at the side of the road.
Carts could travel about 8 miles per day, pedestrians a little more, and so each mansio was about 15 to 18 miles from the next one.
Frequented houses no doubt became the first tabernae, which were hostels, rather than the "taverns" we know today. As Rome grew, so did its tabernae, becoming more luxurious and acquiring good or bad reputations as the case may be.
Many cities of today grew up around a taberna complex, such as Rheinzabern in the Rhineland, and Saverne in Alsace.
A third system of way stations serviced vehicles and animals: the mutationes ("changing stations"). Using these stations in chariot relays, the emperor Tiberius hastened 500 miles in 24 hours to join his brother, Drusus Germanicus, who was dying of gangrene as a result of a fall from a horse. For purposes of description, Roman vehicles can be divided into the car, the coach and the cart.
Of the cars, the most popular was the currus ("car"), a standard chariot form descending to the Romans from a greater antiquity.


Drawn by one or two mules or horses, it was used for cab work, the cab drivers being called cisiani. The Cursus publicus, founded by Augustus, carried the mail of officials by relay throughout the Roman road system. The Roman government from time to time undertook to produce a master itinerary of all Roman roads. The result was a stone engraved master itinerarium set up near the Pantheon, from which travelers and itinerary sellers could make copies. Another master itinerary, the Itinerarium Provinciarum Antonini Augusti (the Antonine Itinerary) is known to have been undertaken in 217 AD. Most of the time I’m facing situations where a customer doesn’t have any logical network diagrams to give.
Most of them are self-explanatory, but since I’ve seen mistakes, here are a couple of examples.
Pick-up all IP-related information and visualize it in the same diagram: every IP-address, every interface and every static route.
I’ve seen situations where firewalls have rules for traffic that they are never going to route. One comment I would have is rather a Q: has anybody ever seen a need for application(s)-oriented network diagrams? When creating a logical diagram and you are labeling interfaces and you have a dozen or so VLANs tagged on a single interface, what’s the best way to show that?
One question though, how do you illustrate in logical diagram 2 sites connected by point-to-point? None of devices you mention is must in physical diagram but could be helpfull in some cases.
It's not necessary to have the text as the only layer in the file, just make sure the text layer is selected. Check out Envato StudioChoose from over 5 million royalty-free photos and images priced from $1. When Rome reached the height of its power, no fewer than 29 great military highways radiated from the city.
In Gaul alone, no less than 21,000 km of road are said to have been improved, and in Britain at least 4,000 km. The ius eundi ("right of going") established a claim to use an iter, or footpath, across private land; the ius agendi ("right of driving"), an actus, or carriage track. Among the staff officers were a unit called the architecti, "chief builders", responsible for all military construction, which road-building was. Slaves, prisoners of war and convicted criminals often performed the most difficult tasks of quarrying and transporting stone. No doubt the art grew as it went along and also incorporated good ideas from other cultures.
They used two main devices, the rod and one called the groma, which helped them obtain right angles. As they did not possess anything like a transit, an architect tried to achieve straightness by looking along the rods and commanding the gromatici to move them as required. Using ploughs and legionaries with spades, they excavated the road bed down to bed rock or at least to the firmest ground they could find. The method varied according to geographic locality, materials available and terrain, but the plan, or ideal at which the architect aimed was always the same.
Roman roads generally went straight up and down hills, rather than in a serpentine pattern. The officials tasked with fund raising were the curatores viarum, in which you can see the English word, curator.
The laws of the Twelve Tables, dated to approximately 450 BC, specify that a road shall be 8 feet wide where straight and 16 where curved. The jus eundi ("right of going") established a claim to use an iter, or footpath, across private land; the ius agendi ("right of driving"), an actus, or carriage track. Beyond the borders are no roads; however, one might presume that footpaths and dirt roads allowed some transport.
The words we translate as mile are milia passuum, "one thousand of paces", which amounted to about 1620 yards, 1480 meters. In a panel at eye-height was the distance to the forum at Rome and various other information about the officials who made or repaired the road and when. It wasn't long before historians began to refer to the milestone at which an event occurred.
Actually during the Roman Empire, Rome had an incredible road network which extended from northern England all the way to southern Egypt. Other officials or people on official business, however, had no legion at their service, and so the government maintained way stations, or mansiones ("staying places"), for their use.
In the early days of the viae, when little unofficial existed, houses placed near the road were required by law to offer hospitality on demand. Cars were used to transport one or two individuals, coaches were used to transport parties, and carts to transport cargo. The builder was a cisarius.Of the coaches, the main stay was the raeda or reda, which had 4 wheels. Their transportation service was the cursus clabularis, after the standard wagon, called a carrus clabularius, clabularis, or clavularis, or clabulare. The vehicle for carrying mail was a cisium with a box, but for special delivery, a horse and rider was faster. They may have existed as specialty items in some of the libraries, but they were hard to copy and were not in general use. The Cups of Cadiz, four silver cups found by workmen excavating a foundation at Bracciano in 1852, are engraved with the names and distances of stations between Cadiz and Rome. In the Itinerarium Burdigalense (Bordeaux Pilgrim, 333 AD), the itinerary is a description of what route to take to the Holy Land.
Probably most visual way to present routing protocols is to draw colored areas(circle, rectangle etc) to the background. I am trying to follow your instructions and I am stuck in creating our diagrams because we have 2 main sites and a lot of hub sites, I am doing the diagram for the hub sites but I don’t know how to put it along with the main sites. It was permitted to walk or pass and drive cattle, vehicles, or traffic of any description along the path.


In later antiquity, these roads played an important part in Roman military reverses by offering avenues of invasion to the barbarians. The Tables command Romans to build roads and give wayfarers the right to pass over private land where the road is in disrepair. A via combined both types of servitutes, provided it was of the proper width, which was determined by an arbiter.
The Lex Iulia Municipalis restricted commercial carts to night-time access to the city within the walls and within a mile outside the walls. In addition to his arms, his rations and his utensils, every soldier carried a saw, hatchet, sickle, pick and spade. When it came to within a few feet of the surface it was covered with gravel and tamped down, a process called pavire, or pavimentare. First a several-inch layer of course concrete, the rudus, then a several-inch layer of fine concrete, the nucleus, went onto the pavement or statumen.
Between them were sunk large quantities of stone so as to raise the causeway 6 feet above the marsh.
The tables command Romans to build roads and give wayfarers the right to pass over private land where the road is in disrepair.
Municipalities, however, were responsible for their own roads, which the Romans called viae vicinales.A via connected two cities. The Roman emphasis on constructing straight roads often resulted in steep grades relatively impractical for most economic traffic: over the years the Romans themselves realized it and built longer, but more manageable, alternatives to existing roads. Either main or secondary roads might be paved, or they might be left unpaved, with a gravel surface, as they were in North Africa. At its peak, the Empire's stone paved road network reached 53,000 miles (85,000 kilometers)! They performed the same functions but were somewhat disreputable, as they were frequented by thieves and prostitutes. In these complexes, the driver could purchase the services of wheelrights, cartwrights, and equarii medici, or veterinarians.
A lighter version, the cisium, equivalent to our gig, was open above and in front and had a seat. The high sides formed a sort of box in which seats were placed, with a notch on each side for entry. On the Roman road system, however, the traveler needed some idea of where he was going, how to get there, and how long it would take. Zenodoxus, Theodotus and Polyclitus, three Greek geographers, were hired to survey the system and compile a master itinerary.
You can put other information (such as AS-number, protocol name etc.) as a text inside area. One question: How do you represent accurately when multiple sub-interfaces are each in a different vlan on a router?
If you have a good answer to this question and you accomplish this in a neat, organized, easy to read, network diagram then I think the mission was accomplished.
After some research via Google, Twitter, and asking around, no one seemed to have a sure-fire solution.
The viae differed from the many other smaller or rougher roads, bridle-paths, drifts, and tracks. Building roads that would not need frequent repair therefore became an ideological objective, as well as building them as straight as possible in order to build the narrowest roads possible, and thus save on material.
Augustus decided as a matter of policy to keep the soldiers busy (and therefore out of trouble) by turning them to construction. Into or onto the nucleus went a course of polygonal or square paving stones, such as you see in the picture, called the summa crusta.
In the provinces, the Romans often did not bother with a stone causeway, but used log roads (pontes longi). Building roads that would not need frequent repair therefore became an ideological objective. Roman roads were very reliable, they were the most relied on roads in Europe for many centuries after the collapse of the Roman Empire.
Outside the cities, Romans were avid riders and rode on or drove quite a number of vehicle types, some of which are mentioned here. The driver and the builder were both named a raedarius.Of the carts, the main one was the plaustrum or plostrum. To sort out the lists, the Romans drew diagrams of parallel lines showing the branches of the roads. Once you have done this for every network device you know, you can start to figure out the unclear information.
I called a fellow designer and we bounced ideas off each other until we found a solution that worked in just a few simple steps. To make the roads the Romans used stones, broken stones mixed with cement and sand, cement mixed with broken tiles, curving stones - so the water could drain, and on the top they used tightly packed paving stones.
In these rather dry laws we can see the prevalence of the public domain over the private, which characterized the republic. The builders always aimed at a regulation width, but actual widths have been measured at between 3' 9" and 24'. The postal service was a somewhat dangerous occupation, as postmen were a target for bandits and enemies of Rome. A statumen or "foundation" of flat stones set in cement might support the additional layers. Censors, who were in charge of public morals and public works, were expected to fund repairs sua pecunia. Private mail of the well-to-do was carried by tabellarii, an organization of slaves available for a price.



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