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Every year, the Human Security Report Project at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada, publishes a survey of the world conflicts, including an analysis of death tolls.
The first part of the Project’s 2010 Report was published in January and sketched the parameters of a world increasingly at peace. With several caveats, the Report seems to side with the liberal viewpoint, pointing to East Asia’s experience in recent decades. As state incomes rise, other things being equal, governments will have more political and economic resources to prevent conflicts and more capable military forces to deter them.
We have argued that both the direct effects of the end of the Cold War, and the impact of rising national incomes, can explain some, but not all, of the decline. Aviators Key to Congo Peace Operations Dungu, Congo -- The Democratic Republic of Congo is the size of Western Europe. Latest changesWhat the Death of the Mastermind of Sudan’s Civil Disorder Means for Darfur - 3rd May'16Just how flexible are the America and Russia’s Middle East expeditions? Prior to the creation of the United Nations, the dominant concept of security was centered on the State and the principle of State sovereignty, as was set out in the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 and whose influence continues.
Security centered on territorial integrity, political stability, military and defense arrangements and economic and financial activities.[1] It was understood that States would pursue power, which implied that the gains of one side would come as a result of the losses of the other. These are the bases for rethinking the concept of security, which is no longer based on the traditional ideas of sovereignty, territory or military power, but rather on achieving freedom from fear and freedom from want.
Nevertheless, the Cold War, the period that followed the Second World War, reinforced the concept of State-centric security, with the further difficulty of the threat of a nuclear attack by any of the contending powers.
The doctrine of national security was imposed in Latin America and the countries of the region, with some exceptions, underwent the most difficult moments of their history, with bloody dictatorships, a lack of respect for human rights and the imposition of totalitarian systems. In 1980, the Independent Commission on International Development Issues (known as the Brandt Commission) was established. In 1990, the South Commission (chaired by Julius Nyerere) listed poverty, environmental dangers, the deficiencies of democracy and deindustrialization as some of the causes of insecurity.
The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been joined by nine universal instruments that cement the juridical-conceptual framework of human rights: universal, transnational, irreversible, indivisible and progressive. During the 1990s, the UN, given the impetus of the first seven instruments cited, which had been adopted by that time, laid the foundation for the conceptualization of human security.

The 1994 Report on Human Development pointed out the need of a profound transition in thinking -from nuclear security to human security.
Subsequent to the Millenium Summit, held in September 2002, and at the initiative of Japan, the UN Commission on Human Security (CHS) was created, co-chaired by Sadako Ogata, former UN High Commissioner for Refugees, and Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize laureate. The Friends of Human Security was established in the UN in 2006, co-chaired by Japan and Mexico and comprised of 34 Member States.
The conference raised awareness on the added value of the human security approach in addressing current and emerging challenges in Latin America and the Caribbean. The conference included participation of Governments from across the region, United Nations Country Teams in Latin America, international donors and representatives of civil society and academia.
The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership was established in 1991 to promote collaboration between Japan and the United States with the goal of fulfilling shared global responsibilities and contributing to improvements in the world's welfare. A list of quotes from members of the military and intelligence communities against torture, illegal detention and Guantanamo, and for accountability for human rights violations. Raise awareness and inspire action in your community by holding an event with one of these engaging speakers.
Amnesty International calls on all governments to implement the following 12-point program and invites concerned individuals and organizations to ensure that they do so. Azerbaijani human rights defenders and former prisoners of conscience Leyla Yunus and Arif Yunus were allowed to travel to the Netherlands on 19 April to receive medical care for their deteriorating health and to be reunited with their daughter. Amnesty International is concerned about the fairness of proceedings leading to the trial and conviction of Leonard Peltier, an Ashinabe-Lakota Native American who was convicted of murdering two FBI agents. Amnesty International condemns the excessive, unnecessary or arbitrary use of force and will not rest until all policing in the United States respects human rights. Amnesty International's annual report reveals a devastating year for human rights defenders around the world. The balance of the Report was released in early December and dug deeper into the dynamics underpinning our current era of peace.
The Report proposes there are two broad prisms through which to view the outbreak of peace. Rapid economic growth and democratization have underpinned two decades free of inter-state conflict.

In the wars that cannot be prevented, the shift in the relative balance of resources that determines who will prevail in civil wars will also tend to favor governments. We further argued that the remarkable upsurge of international activism directed at stopping ongoing wars and preventing those that had stopped from starting again has also played an important role.
The positive developments that we have argued reduce the risk of war, remain in place, or have been strengthened. Subscribe to the mailing list and get a daily update with the most important news about Psychology! Freedom from want and fear were later mentioned in the Atlantic Charter, signed on August 14, 1941 by Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of Great Britain, and President Roosevelt. There is overwhelming reason for concern that such arms will be used to commit serious violations in Yemen. Check out our global campaign to help ensure that everyone has access to their sexual and reproductive rights and to stop criminalization of sexuality and reproduction by governments. Despite the apparent chaos depicted in media, the world today is probably more at peace than it’s even been in modern times.
Peacemaking and peacebuilding missions continue to increase even though the numbers of major conflicts are down. Human security means protecting people from critical (severe) and pervasive (widespread) threats and situations. Furthermore, the conference provided a forum to exchange views on how human security could be included in the implementation of the post-2015 development agenda in Latin America and the Caribbean.
In the 1950s, a decade whose battle-death toll was driven by the hugely destructive Korean War — the average international conflict killed more than 21,000 people a year. National incomes in the developing world continue to grow, which will increase the capacities of governments to the disadvantage of insurgent groups.

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