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Upon the consideration of the provided materials the Antimonopoly Committee has come to the conclusion that given marketing agreement does not contain any signs of the abuse of monopoly and anticompetitive concerted actions conducted by GlaxoSmithKline Ukraine. Moreover, the project team put major efforts into the materials preparation aimed at the justification of Competition Law non-infringement by the drafted marketing agreement concluded with the pharmacies and pharmacy chains.
The document proposes to extend the list of medicinal products liable for simplified state registration, in particular to simplify the procedure for those medicinal products that have already been registered by the competent authorities of the USA, Switzerland, Japan, Australia, Canada or the European Union. The Parliament Health Care Committee did not support this Draft Law and submitted it for further improvement. The Regulation proposes to establish the selection procedures (development of the first draft Essential Medicines List by the Expert Committee) and yearly revision of the National Essential Medicines List.
Further, upon the approval of the first Draft National Essential Medicines List the Expert Committee shall revise the existing taking into account the abovementioned factors and sources. The Draft Regulation also established the schedule of revision of the National Essential Medicines List.
Please note that the Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine as of February 11, 2016, a„– 84 approved the Regulation on the National Essential Medicines List and the Regulation on the Expert Committee on the selection and usage of essential medicinal products.
For 28 years, The Legal 500 has been analyzing the capabilities of law firms across the world, with a comprehensive research programme revised and updated every year to bring the most up-to-date vision of the global legal market. The Concept suggests the implementation of activities aimed at solving the issues of timely patients support with qualitative, safe and efficient medicinal products, immunobiological products and medical evices, and activities aimed at the prevention of corruption and limited competition that lead to medicinal products and medical devices procurement at an over-inflated price.
The document authors note that the Concept designates the directions, mechanisms and terms for public procurements system transformation in healthcare sector of Ukraine through the development of modern convenient system aimed at the establishment of competitive environment and further development of fair competition in this sector. The Concept shall be implemented with the assistance of international organizations and donors in three stages during 2016—2018. Stage 1 (2016) – establishment of institutional and legal basis for the reformation of public procurements in healthcare sector. CPO shall fulfill the procurements at local and foreign levels, and if required shall maintain the procurement from international suppliers — import of medicinal products, immunobiological products and medical devices, involve other organizations into customs clearance, storage and distribution, conduct other business activities based on long-term plan principles. The procedure for insulin products reimbursement foresees that the pharmacy warehouse should file monthly report on the medicinal products sold. Moreover, the document amends the CMU Resolution as of March 5, 2014, a„– 73 "On the Implementation of Pilot Project on State Regulation of Insulin Products Prices" regarding the definition of the unified mechanism of the state regulation of insulin products prices. These medical devices are allowed for market distribution before their expiry date and not later than 5 years from the date of their sales start without the compliance assessment and national quality standard mark. Based on the abovementioned, the compliance assessment procedures shall become obligatory starting from July 1, 2017 for registered medical devices with the unlimited state registration certificate or with the certificate expiring after this date. Another significant change introduces the opportunities to conduct the compliance assessment procedures during the period of validity of medical devices registration certificate.
Moreover, certain changes have been introduced into the registration of the officials responsible for putting medical devices into operation. In case such entity is not a resident of Ukraine, the authorized representative should be assigned with the responsibility to introduce such medical devices into Ukrainian market. State Administration of Ukraine on Medicinal Products should maintain a Register of entities responsible for the introduction of medical devices into the market. The legal support of the development and adoption of the abovementioned Order of Cabinet of Ministers, as well as the above-mentioned order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine was provided by the Legal Alliance Company in cooperation with the SIAPS project.
The said provision establishes that the drugs will be included in the National List of Essential Medicines (hereinafter - the National List), taking into account population incidence rates, prevalence of disease and mortality, evidence of the comparative effectiveness (performance), safety and cost-effectiveness of medicines, as well as industry standards  in terms of health and level of funding for health care. The Expert Committee will consist of 12-18 people, it will be composed of specialists with higher medical, pharmaceutical and economic education. Once an expert committee under the Ministry of Health of Ukraine is established, work concerning the selection of drugs to be included in the National List will be conducted by them. Interested individuals and legal entities can apply with a package of necessary documents  for inclusion of drugs in the National List of Medicines. Notice of tax assessment is developed for each separate tax due together with the penalties, as well as for each penalty and poena for the violation of other legislation being under supervision of regulatory authorities. Notice of tax assessment is considered to be submitted to the taxpayer – legal entity if such assessment notice is delivered by hand to the official employee of such taxpayer against acknowledgement or forwarded in a letter with notification of the delivery.
Notice of tax assessment is considered to be submitted to the taxpayer – individual if such assessment notice is delivered by hand to such individual or his authorized representative or forwarded in a letter with notification of the delivery to the address of residence or of the latest known location of such individual.
The new Law provides for the implementation of public procurement with the use of two competitive regulatory procedures: open tendering and competitive dialogue, as well as a non-competitive procedure - negotiating the purchase procedure. An important innovation of the Law is the introduction of electronic procurement (e-auction), the electronic review system, as well as the implementation of the exchange of information, documents, to provide clarifications in the e-procurement system. Moreover, for the conduct of unauthorized concentration, which did not lead to monopolization and significant impediment of competition on Ukrainian market , the AMCU recommends to calculate the basic penalty in accordance with the total revenue (income) received from the sales of products (goods, services) at all commodity markets of Ukraine.
The AMCU made the greatest specification regarding the calculation of the basic penalties in the cases of the infringements of informational character.
Moreover, the AMCU believes that if the incorrect information has been provided several times during the consideration of the case regarding the violation of informational character, the total penalty charges shall amount to the penalty for one relevant violation. It is worth to mention that the AMCU established the reduced penalty, which may be imposed on the respondent during the investigation of the case of informational character and on the applicant in the case regarding the concentration and the concurrent actions if they provided incomplete case information. Correction of previously determined penalty taking into consideration the aggravating and mitigating circumstances.
Declarations with violation of the deadlines for submission for the reporting period in case the application is submitted within its contents. The registers are published at the official State Fiscal Service’s web-site on a daily basis.
In case the Main Directorates of the State Fiscal Service in regions, or in the city of Kyiv send to the appellant the decision on final or partial denial of the appeal, the appellant has a right to file the subsequent appeal within 10 calendar days upon the receipt of such decision. The document in its new edition, updated and improved in line with the requirements of the Law of Ukraine "On Prevention of Corruption", was recently approved by the  Management Board of AIPM Ukraine.
The project was conducted by Oleksii Bezhevets, partner with Legal Alliance Company and senior associate Lidiya Sangarovskaya-Gurlach. The most important among the suggested amendments is the one concerning the Procedure of monitoring of adverse reactions to medicinal products permitted for medical use as approved by decree a„– 898 of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, dating December 27, 2006 (hereinafter - the current procedure), in the new edition, changing its name to "The Procedure for the Conduct of Pharmacovigilance" (hereinafter - the new procedure).
Thus, the new procedure determines that the applicant may have more than one system of pharmacovigilance, for example, specific systems for different types of medicines (vaccines, OTC drugs, etc.). With regards to the authorized person, the new order establishes that in the case of the applicant, who is located in Ukraine, the authorized person must be part of the applicant's personnel.
The new procedure defines the document with a detailed description of the pharmacovigilance system as a Pharmacovigilance System Master File (PSMF).
An important achievement of the new procedure is to establish the requirements for the system of risk management in pharmacovigilance. In contrast to the existing rules, the new procedure provides for the obligation of creating a risk management plan. In concern with medicinal products that do not require the creation of risk management plans, the applicant must support the specification file of important identified risks and important potential risks with the aim of preparing regular reports.
In terms of other amendments foreseen by the new procedure, emphasis should be given to the advanced categorical apparatus and a new player in the field of pharmacovigilance - rapid response groups of relevant departments of Health, which are responsible for investigating all serious adverse events after immunization and some others. Therefore, the adoption of the new order will contribute to the harmonization of national legislation with the European legislation.in the field of pharmacovigilance. It is to be recalled that  in their time some of the provisions were "the bone of contention" between the regulator and the subjects of the pharmaceutical market. Therefore a situation may arise where the abovementioned provisions will be in force before the relevant decision of the Cabinet of Ministers' of Ukraine albeit with the edition of order a„– 143.
The abovementioned draft legislation proposes the disclosure of information contained in the materials of the pre clinical studies and the clinical trials that are attached to the application for the registration of the medicinal product. In the opinion of the legislation draft's initiators, the closed nature of such data results in the circulation of drugs, whose effectiveness and safety have not been proved. The Project aims to supporting of Ukrainian government in issue of improvement of effectiveness and transparence in public purchasing system for medicinal products, in particular, by complying of National list of main medicinal products and medical devices with international standards.
This year the event attended 130 representatives of the pharmaceutical sector, specialized media, non-governmental organizations, professional associations, and state regulatory authorities.
In the beginning of the session Dmytro Aleshko presented a report on the regulation of the medicinal products and medical devices market. Taking into consideration the composition of the event members many of whom represented the medical devices market, the regulation of the medical devices circulation in 2016 was discussed during a separate interactive session involving Pavel Harchyk, President of the Association of market operators of medical devices, Natalia Serhienko, Health Care Committee Executive Director, European Business Association, and Darya Bondarenko, CEO of Association of market operators of medical devices. The next session of the conference touched the most current issues of the organization of corporative ethics and anticorruption compliance system in the pharmaceutical business. Following the traditions of the summery conferences the session on taxation of pharmbusiness was held.
The highly topical conference programme did not let the participants to relax and loose focus, just as the regulatory and law-enforcement authorities does not let the sector representatives to relax in the course of the year. Hygiene requirements  exclusively concern dietary suppements and do not apply to medicinal products, functional foods and special dietary foods.
Hygienic requirements set requirements for the content of dietary supplements, in particular, the latter indicate that for the production of dietary supplements  vitamins and minerals listed in Annex 1 of the hygiene requirements may be used, in the form specified in Annex 2 to the hygienic requirements. Therefore  amendments are provided to the Law of Ukraine "On Insurance" , namely by defining sponsor liability insurance a mandatory type of insurance . The document designates the mechanism for taxpayers’ appeals against tax assessment notices or any other decisions made by the regulatory authorities in the course of administrative procedure. This Procedure shall not be applied to the appeals against the regulatory authorities’ decisions, actions or inactions of their officers or other employees if the special law establishes other procedures for appeals. Complaints about the decisions of state tax inspection offices are filed to regulatory authorities in Kyiv and regions, to inter-regional territorial agencies. Complaints about the decisions of regulatory authorities of Kyiv and regions, of inter-regional territorial agencies, and of customs offices are submitted to the State Fiscal Service of Ukraine. The decisions of State Fiscal Service of Ukraine made upon the consideration of taxpayers’ complaints are final and without any further administrative appeal, however may be appealed to court.
The complaint should be submitted in writing to the higher regulatory authority within 10 calendar days following the taxpayer’s receipt of the respective decision made by the regulatory authority. The complaints for the regulatory authorities’ decisions and actions should be cited and submitted separately. The taxpayers may attach to their complaints all calculations and evidence, which they deem appropriate. Certified copies of quality certificates (certificates of analysis, test reports, etc.) issued by the manufacturer for the series of medicinal products to be imported. The Ministry of Health shall within five working days from documents delivery shall issue for the importer a certificate of import confirmation or send a written refusal notice indicating the reasons for refusal. The Ministry of Health shall issue within five working days from documents delivery the certificate of confirmation for the medicines payment under the agreements or send a written refusal notice indicating the reasons for refusal. The supplier shall submit the confirmation certificate to the revenues and duties authority, where it is registered as a tax payer, not later than 10 working days after the deadline for submission of VAT declaration for the relevant reporting (tax) period.
The intended use of the medicinal products and medical devices exempt from VAT shall be fulfilled in accordance with corresponding legislation. Nevertheless, the tax payers are still obliged to pay advanced corporate profit tax payments for the first three quarters of 2016.
The failure to make this payment shall result in imposing on such tax payer the penalty in the amount provided in Article 123 of the Tax Code of Ukraine. In such a way, the National List of Essential Medicinal Products and Medical Devices has been renamed into the National Essential Medicines List.
Since CMU Resolution a„– 333 as of March 25, 2009 adoption, the list has not been amended with any medical device. National Essential Medicines List should be formed with due consideration of world-wide practices of rational pharmacotherapy and pharmacotherapeutic approach to primary health care of patients with priority pathologic conditions taking into consideration disease burden and mortality rate, and health care sector standards.
In the majority of countries this function is fulfilled by the WOH Model List of Essential Medicines, which has been elaborated as a core document for ensuring public health care at government expense. The designated authority, on the basis of a document of compliance issued by a foreign authority, shall apply the conformity assessment procedure or part of it and issue the relevant document under this procedure under its responsibility. This Regulation shall enter into force six months after the date of publication and will be valid until 31st March 2019. It is to be noted that these legislative changes are due to the implementation of public procurement procedures of medical devices involving specialized international organizations that provide states and other entities with related services. Dmytro Aleshko, Legal Alliances' Partner, became a member of the working group on essential medicines selection within the implementation of the project for National Medicinal Products Policy development.
DESCRIPTION: This is the largest map of its kind to have survived in tact and in good condition from such an early period of cartography. These place names are in Lincolnshire (Holdingham and Sleaford are the modern forms), and this Richard has been identified as one Richard de Bello, prebend of Lafford in Lincoln Cathedral about the year 1283, who later became an official of the Bishop of Hereford, and in 1305 was appointed prebend of Norton in Hereford Cathedral.
While the map was compiled in England, names and descriptions were written in Latin, with the Norman dialect of old French used for special entries.
Here, my dear Son, my bosom is whence you took flesh Here are my breasts from which you sought a Virgina€™s milk. The other three figures consist of a woman placing a crown on the Virgin Mary and two angels on their knees in supplication. Still within this decorative border, in the left-hand bottom corner, the Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus is enthroned and crowned with a papal triple tiara and delivers a mandate with his seal attached, to three named commissioners. In the right-hand bottom corner an unidentified rider parades with a following forester holding a pair of greyhounds on a leash. The geographical form and content of the Hereford map is derived from the writings of Pliny, Solinus, Augustine, Strabo, Jerome, the Antonine Itinerary, St. As is traditional with the T-O design, there is the tripartite division of the known world into three continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa. EUROPE: When we turn to this area of the Hereford map we would expect to find some evidence of more contemporary 13th century knowledge and geographic accuracy than was seen in Africa or Asia, and, to some limited extent, this theory is true. France, with the bordering regions of Holland and Belgium is called Gallia, and includes all of the land between the Rhine and the Pyrenees.
Norway and Sweden are shown as a peninsula, divided by an arm of the sea, though their size and position are misrepresented. On the other side of Europe, Iceland, the Faeroes, and Ultima Tile are shown grouped together north of Norway, perhaps because the restricting circular limits of the map did not permit them to be shown at a more correct distance.


The British Isles are drawn on a larger scale than the neighboring parts of the continent, and this representation is of special interest on account of its early date. On the Hereford map, the areas retain their Latin names, Britannia insula and Hibernia, Scotia, Wallia, and Cornubia, and are neatly divided, usually by rivers, into compartments, North and South Ireland, Wales, Cornwall, England, and Scotland. THE MEDITERRANEAN: The Mediterranean, conveniently separating the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe, teems with islands associated with legends of Greece and Rome.
Mythical fire-breathing creature with wings, scales and claws; malevolent in west, benevolent in east. 4.A A  For bibliographical information on these and other (including lost) cartographical exemplars, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p.
10.A A  For bibliographical information for editions and translations of the source texts, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p. 11.A A  More detailed analysis of these data can be found in my a€?Lessons from Legends on the Hereford Mappa Mundi,a€? Hereford Mappa Mundi Conference proceedings volume being edited by Barber and Harvey (see n.
16.A A  Danubius oritur ab orientali parte Reni fluminis sub quadam ecclesia, et progressus ad orientem, . 23.A A  The a€?standarda€? Latin forms of these place-names and the modern English equivalents are those recorded in the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, ed.
From the time when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography. FROM THE TIME when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography. Details from the Hereford map of the Blemyae and the Psilli.a€? Typical of the strange creatures or 'Wonders of the East' derived by Richard of Haldingham from classical sources and placed in Ethiopia. Equally important work was also being done on medieval and Renaissance world maps as a genre, particularly by medievalists such as Anna-Dorothee von den Brincken and Jorg-Geerd Arentzen in Germany and by Juergen Schulz, primarily an art historian, and David Woodward, a leading historian of cartography, in the United States. The Hereford World Map is the only complete surviving English example of a type of map which was primarily a visualization of all branches of knowledge in a Christian framework and only secondly a geographical object. After the fall of the Roman empire in the 5th century, monks and scholars struggled desperately to preserve from destruction by pagan barbarians the flotsam and jetsam of classical history and learning; to consolidate them and to reconcile them with Christian teaching and biblical history. There would have been several models to choose from, corresponding to the widely differing cartographic traditions inside the Roman Empire, but it seems that the commonest image descended from a large map of the known world that was created for a portico lining the Via Flaminia near the Capitol in Rome during Christ's lifetime. Recent writers such as Arentzen have suggested that, simply because of their sheer availability, from an early date different versions of this map may have been used to illustrate texts by scholars such as St.
Eventually some of the information from the texts became incorporated into the maps themselves, though only sparingly at first. A broad similarity in coastlines with the Hereford map is clear in the Anglo-Saxon [Cottonian] World Map, c.1000 (#210), but there are no illustrations of animals other than the lion (top left). The resulting maps ranged widely in shape and appearance, some being circular, others square.
A few maps of the inhabited world were much more detailed, though keeping to the same broad structure and symbolism. Most of these earlier maps were book illustrations, none were particularly big and the maps were always considered to need textual amplification. From about 1100, however, we know from contemporary descriptions in chronicles and from the few surviving inventories that larger world maps were produced on parchment, cloth and as wall paintings for the adornment of audience chambers in palaces and castles as well as, probably, of altars in the side chapels of religious buildings. A separate written text of an encyclopedic nature, probably written by the map's intellectual creator, however, was still intended to accompany many if not all these large maps and one may originally have accompanied the Hereford world map. These maps seem largely to have been inspired by English scholars working at home or in Europe. The most striking novelty, however, was the vastly increased number of depictions of peoples, animals, and plants of the world copied from illustrations in contemporary handbooks on wildlife, commonly called bestiaries and herbals. Mentions in contemporary records and chronicles, such as those of Matthew Paris, make it plain that these large world maps were once relatively common.
At about the same time that this map was being created, Henry III, perhaps after consultation with Gervase, who had visited him in 1229, commissioned wall maps to hang in the audience chambers of his palaces in Winchester and Westminster.
The Hereford Mappamundi is the only full size survivor of these magnificent, encyclopedic English-inspired maps.
An inscription in Norman-French at the bottom left attributes the map to Richard of Haldingham and Sleaford.
In particular, the team made a comprehensive research on medicinal product markets, which may be affected by the concluded marketing agreement, conducted social and marketing studies, analyzed the experience of GlaxoSmithKline group of companies regarding the relevant agreements in other countries, developed internal standard operating procedures for the Client with regard to pharmacies and pharmacy chains cooperation. We would also like to express our gratitude to the project team members representing GlaxoSmithKline Ukraine for the fruitful collaboration. The Draft Law was initiated by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and presented the same say at the Government session.
This Regulation belongs to the package of documents drafted in order to implement the new model of Essential Medicines List. The difference lies in the fact that all individuals intending to include a particular medicinal product into the List shall have an opportunity to submit a corresponding application including the documents confirming the comparative efficiency, safety and cost-effectiveness of the product.
The Regulation Annexes formalize the application execution Instruction for amending the National Essential Medicines List.
The adoption of the Draft Resolution shall promote the establishment of professional centralized procurement organizations (hereinafter - CPO) in Ukraine, which requires some time and incremental actions. CPOs shall be established under the Health Ministry decision and shall operate under its supervision. During this period all medical devices shall be introduces to the market and put into operation on the basis of acting certificate of state registration.
Registered medical devices with the certificate expiring after July 1, 2017, should undergo the compliance assessment procedures after the expiration of such certificate in order to stay on the market. The structure and contents of national lists will be based on the latest edition of the Basic List of Essential Medicines recommended by WHO. An important step forward is the need to study whether or not such persons present a conflict of interest, as well as the possibility of participation of foreign specialists with the necessary knowledge and experience in the selection process in the national list,"- said Dmytro Aleshko, who heads the team of experts developing a normative - regulatory package  on this matter.
Such persons shall not present a real conflict of interest, in particular,  they should not be in an employment or any other contractual relationships with producers and holders of certificates of registration of drugs or associated persons.
At the same time, the Law provides a number of cases to which the provisions of the latter do not apply.
In addition, the AMCU has specified the meaning of such aggravating circumstances as the obstruction of case investigation.
This method is recommended in case the respondent did not provide any information on the total revenue at the market where the concentration took place and at adjacent markets. Thus, previously the basic penalty equaled up to 5% of the revenue from the sales of the products (goods, works, services) of economic entity in the last reporting year prior to the year the penalty was charged, and if there was no revenue or the respondent did not provide any information on the total revenue – the penalty equaled to 10 000 of non-taxable incomes of the residents. The written appeal should contain all data outlined in the Procedure, it should be signed by the appellant-physical entity or by the authorized person, for other appellants – the appeal should be signed by the director or a legally authorized representative and sealed (if available). Thus, the new procedure provides a number of new features, the most interesting of which relate to the applicant. At the same time, each applicant's pharmacovigilance system can have only one authorized person responsible for the pharmacovigilance (hereinafter – authorized person). Should the applicant not be located in Ukraine, then a contact person for pharmacovigilance in Ukraine, who is a subordinate of the applicant's authorized person, must be assigned on the territory of Ukraine. In comparison with the current procedure, the new procedure establishes simultaneously a clear framework for such PSMFs with the requirements for information that must be contained in it. It should be noted that the current procedure contains a provision, according to which the applicant creates a pharmacovigilance risk management plan, i.e. The draft resolution prepared by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine , does not contain any significant differences , except for some editorial amendments. The matter concerns a three-way contract, the requirement for the conclusion of which seems by importers to not be feasible. Therefore the draft legislation at hand is aimed at initiating access to such information, which will enable all interested citizens, their associations and professionals to decide on the selection  for the appointment and the medical use of the medicinal products on the basis of objective data concerning the level of proof on their safety and effectiveness. Being an annual event for the pharmaceutical sector representatives, the Conference focuses on the regulatory aspects of the pharmbusiness and other legal tendencies of the pharmaceutical market. Krzysztof Siedlecki, European Business Association President, Astellas Pharma Europe BV Country Manager Ukraine, Dr. The discussion was held around the current status, potential problems and roadmaps in this sphere. The session was opened by Legal Alliance Partner Oleksii Bezhevets, who informed the participants on the main changes in anticorruption requirements. Legal Alliance Associate Partner Andrii Gorbatenko, who leads the antimonopoly and competition law practice, acted as a moderator of this session. Nevertheless, all the attendees remained satisfied with a quantity and quality of the information received at the event and expressed a desire to meet in such a format at least twice a year.
Quality criteria for nutrients used for the production of dietary supplements must comply with the requirements of Ukrainian legislation and in their absence - standards established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission.
The opportunity to track  dietary supplements and any substance intended to be administered in dietary supplements should be ensured at all stages of production and circulation.
According to the proposed changes , the relevant contract may be concluded not only by the sponsor of the clinical trial , but also by their  authorized representative.
In addition the mentioned procedures shall not be applied to the appeals against decisions made in the course of administrative violations proceedings. Prior to this Resolution adoption the list approved by the CMU Resolution a„– 400 March 29, 2006 was in force containing 783 products among which only 1 product was a medical device – test system. The essential medicines are selected with regard to the morbidity rate, comparative effectiveness and safety evidence, economic efficiency. The circle of the world is set in a somewhat rectangular frame background with a pointed top, and an ornamented border of a zig-zag pattern often found in psalter-maps of the period (#223).
Show pity, as you said you would, on all Who their devotion paid to me for you made me Savioress.
Olympus and such cities as Athens and Corinth; the Delphic oracle, misnamed Delos, is represented by a hideous head.
James (Roxburghe Club) 1929, with representations from manuscripts in the British Library and the Bodleian Library, and a€?Marvels of the Easta€?, by R. The upper-left corner of the Hereford Map, showing north and east Asia (compare to the contents on Chart 3). 1), however, call attention to a remarkable degree of accuracy in the relationship of toponymsa€”for cities, rivers, and mountainsa€”both in EMM and in Hereford Map legends.A  On the Asia Minor littoral, for example, one passage in EMM links 39 place-names in a running series, 23 of which are found in Chart 4 (and visible, in almost exactly parallel order, on Fig. 5, above).A  Treating islands separately from the eartha€™s three a€?partsa€? follows the organizational style adopted by Isidore of Seville, Honorius Augustodunensis, and other medieval geographical authorities. Note Lincoln on its hill and Snowdon ('Snawdon'), Caernarvon and Conway in Wales, referring to the castles Edward I was building there when the map was being created.
In England, a detailed study of its less obvious features, such as the sequences of its place names and some of its coastal outlines by G. The Psilli reputedly tested the virtue of their wives by exposing their children to serpents.
The cumulative effect has been to enable us at last to evaluate the map in terms of its actual (largely non-geographical and not exclusively religious) purpose, the age in which it was created and in the context of the general development of European cartography. The Old and New Testaments contained few doctrinal implications for geography, other than a bias in favor of an inhabited world consisting of three interlinked continents containing descendants of Noah's three sons. This now-lost map was referred to in some detail by a number of classical writers and it seems to have been created under the direction of Emperor Augustus's son-in-law, Vipsanius Agrippa (63-12 BC) for official purposes. As the centuries went by, more and more was included with references to places associated with events in classical history and legend (particularly fictionalized tales about Alexander the Great) and from biblical history with brief notes on and the very occasional illustration of natural history. Note also the Roman provincial boundaries, the relative accuracy of the British coastlines (lower left) and the attention paid to the Balkans and Denmark, with which Saxon England had close contacts. Some, often oriented to the north, attempted to show the whole world in zones, with the inhabited earth occupying the zone between the equator and the frozen north. They were never intended to convey purely geographical information or to stand alone without explanatory text.
Often a 'context' for them would have been provided by the other secular as well as religious surrounding decorations.
For many maps continued to be used primarily for educational, including theological, purposes.
They reached their fullest development in the thirteenth century when Englishmen like Roger Bacon, John of Holywood (Sacrobosco), Robert Grosseteste and Matthew Paris were playing an inordinately large part in creative geographical thinking in Europe.
In most, if not all of these maps, the strange peoples or 'Marvels of the East' are shown occupying Ethiopia on the right (southern) edge, as on the Hereford map. Exposure to light, fire, water, and religious bigotry or indifference over the centuries has, however, led to the destruction of most of them.
Both are now lost but it seems quite likely that the so-called 'Psalter Map', produced in London in the early 1260s and now owned by the British Library, is a much reduced copy of the map that hung in Westminster Palace. Despite some broad similarities in arrangement and content, however, there are very considerable differences from the Ebstorf and the 'Westminster Palace' maps in details - like the precise location of wildlife, the portrayal of some coastlines and islands, or in the recent information incorporated. All research work and paper homework is done by our specialist under the stance of high quality. In addition, we would like to mention a substantial expertise and due attention to this issue expressed by Antimonopoly Committee specialists. The reimbursement of insulin products costs shall be fulfilled at the rate of reference price for the medicinal product approved by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. The patients shall receive their medication for a lowered price or for free in accordance with these categories. Business entity should submit the relevant report not later than the 5th day of the month following the reporting month, and in December — not later than the 24th day of the reporting month. An important selection criterion is the presence of experience of the evaluation of the comparative efficacy (effectiveness), safety and cost-effectiveness of drugs. This Order updates the mailing procedures for tax assessment notices to be sent to taxpayers by regulatory authorities. Today the AMCU increased the penalty up to 30% of the revenue from the sales of the products (goods, works, services) that violated the legislation on the protection against unfair competition.
In the end of the session the Legal Alliance senior associate Alexander Bondar presented a report on the new public procurements law, which practically implements the electronic procurements (electronic auction), electronic system of appeal, and the exchange of information, documents, submission of explanations in the electronic procurements system.
In the course of his report the delegated had an opportunity to discuss the plans and implementations of 2015 and to share their expectations and forecasts for the coming year.


After he passed the floor to the special guests of the conference - Aliona Kushnova, Judge at the regional Kiev administrative court, and Jonas Triggvason, Managing Partner, UPharma Consulting.
The session was traditionally opened with an analytical report on the status of the pharmaceutical market in 2015 presented by Irina Gorlova, General Director, SMD. Vitalii Savchuk, Senior Associate, Legal Alliance, presented a report on the most high-profile cases, investigations and court practices regarding the pharmaceutical industry. Before 2006 the list approved by the CMU Resolution a„– 1482 as of November 16, 2001 was acting. In Phrygia there is born an animal called bonnacon; it has a bulla€™s head, horsea€™s mane and curling horns, when chased it discharges dung over an extent of three acres which burns whatever it touches. India also has the largest elephants, whose teeth are supposed to be of ivory; the Indians use them in war with turrets (howdahs) set on them. The linx sees through walls and produces a black stonea€” a valuable carbuncle in its secret parts. A tiger when it sees its cub has been stolen chases the thief at full speed; the thief in full flight on a fast horse drops a mirror in the track of the tiger and so escapes unharmed. Agriophani Ethiopes eat only the flesh of panthers and lions they have a king with only one eye in his forehead.
Men with doga€™s heads in Norway; perhaps heads protected with furs made them resemble dogs. Essendones live in Scythia it is their custom to carry out the funeral of their parents with singing and collecting a company of friends to devour the actual corpses with their teeth and make a banquet mingled with the flesh of animals counting it more glorious to be consumed by them than by worms. Solinus: they occupy the source of the Ganges and live only on the scent of apples of the forest if they should perceive any smell they die instantly. Himantopodes; they creep with crawling legs rather than walk they try to proceed by sliding rather than by taking steps. The Monocoli in India are one-legged and swift when they want to be protected from the heat of the sun they are shaded by the size of their foot.
Flint, a€?The Hereford Map:A  Its Author(s), Two Scenes and a Border,a€? Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser. Nevertheless, it placed a somewhat misleading emphasis on the map's geographical 'inaccuracies', its depiction of fabulous creatures and supposedly religious purpose, all clothed in what for the layman must have seemed an air of wildly esoteric learning and near-impenetrable medieval mystery. Recent research suggests this is a reference to African traders in medicinal drugs who visited ancient Rome. Today, with the map in the headlines of the popular press, it may be time to give a brief resume of what is currently known about it and to attempt to explain some of its more important features in the light of recent research. In the eyes of some (but by no means all) theologians, a fourth inhabited continent, the Antipodes, would implicitly have denied the descent of mankind from Noah, and the depiction of such a continent was deemed to be heretical by them.
It was based on survey and on military itineraries and reflected the political and administrative realities of the time. Where space allowed, reference was also made to important contemporary towns, regions, and geographical features such as freshly-opened mountain passes.
Most of the maps, however, like the Hereford Mappamundi, depicted only that part of the world that was known in classical times to be inhabited and they were oriented with east at the top.
Traces of the maps' classical origins could regularly be seen in, for instance, the continued depiction of the provincial boundaries of the Roman Empire (which are partly visible on the Hereford map) and for many centuries by the island of Delos which had been sacred to the early Greeks being the centre of the inhabited world. They and the texts that they adorned continued to be copied by hand until late in the 15th century and are to be found in early printed books. God dominates the world and the 'Marvels of the East' occupy the lower right edge of the map, as they do on the Hereford map.
Together they would have provided a propaganda backdrop for the public appearances of the ruler, ruling body, noble or cleric who had commissioned them, and some may have been able to stand alone as visual histories.
The Hereford map, as an inscription at the lower left corner tells us, was certainly intended for use as a visual encyclopedia, to be 'heard, read and seen' by onlookers.
Because of the maps' size, they were able to include far more information and illustration than their predecessors. More space was also found for current political references and information derived from contemporary military, religious and commercial itineraries.
Today, the earliest survivor, dating from the beginning of the thirteenth century, is a badly damaged example now in Vercelli Cathedral, probably having been brought to Italy in about 1219 by a papal legate returning from England. We know from Matthew Paris that the Westminster map was copied by others, and it is likely to have had a lasting influence even though the original was destroyed in 1265.
A Latin legend in the bottom right corner of the Hereford map refers to the 5th century Christian propagandist Orosius as the main source for the map, but as we have already seen, it incorporates information from numerous ancient and thirteenth century sources and adds its own interpretations of them.
The map is an outstanding example of a map type that had evolved over the preceding eight centuries.
We believe in producing high quality stuff and that is the sole reason, we are not compromising on quality standards. Our joint efforts led us to the implementation of the project that only yesterday seemed to be almost impossible”.
The reports should be submitted to local budgets holders who have been legitimately assigned for the execution of operating expenses of local budgets for preferential provision of insulin products to diabetic patients defined by the decisions on such expenditures in accordance with the legislation for the reimbursement to business entity of the amount stated in the register within 15 days upon the report receipt. In addition to a lot of interesting facts the reporter highlighted that the total volume of the medicinal products market in Ukraine amounted to 2.1 billion USD in 2015. From its literal meaning in Greek it also signifies the plant ox-tongue, so called from its shape and roughness of its leaves. Conventionally holds a mirror in one hand, combing lovely hair with the other According to myth created by Ea, Babylonian water god. The large city at the top edge is Babylon (its description is the map's longest legend [A§181).
12-30.A  The conservator Christopher Clarkson drew my attention to the gouge in the Mapa€™s former frame.
Talbert (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), which I employ throughout my book, but with the caution that in dealing with the manuscript culture of medieval Europe, it is misleading and anachronistic to speak of a€?standarda€? or a€?correcta€? spellings, especially of geographical words. Casual visitors to the dark aisle where it hung could see only a dark, dirty image which they were encouraged to view in a pious, but also rather condescending manner. Crone of the Royal Geographical Society, revealed that despite the antiquity of many of the map's sources much was almost contemporary with the map's creation and was secular.
Much of the text that follows is an amplification of information panels and leaflets prepared for the British Library's current display of the map. Most medieval mapmakers seem to have accepted this constraint, but world maps showing four continents are not uncommon: notably the world maps created by Beatus of Liebana (#207) in the late 8th century to illustrate his Commentary on the Apocalypse of St.
It may have incorporated information from an earlier survey commissioned by Julius Caesar and, to judge from some early references, it may originally have shown four continents. These texts owed much to classical writers, particularly Pliny the Elder (23-79), who himself derived much of his information from still earlier writers such as the fifth century BC Greek historian Herodotus.
As befitted the encyclopedic texts that they illustrated, the maps became visual encyclopedias of human and divine knowledge and not mere geographical maps.
Many were purely schematic and symbolic, showing a T, representing the Mediterranean, the Don and the Nile, surrounded by an 0, for the great ocean encircling the world, sometimes with a fourth continent being added. It was only from about 1120 that Jerusalem took Oclos' place as the focal point of the map, as it does on the Hereford Mappamundi. They retained and expanded the geographical and historical elements of the older maps - coastlines, layout and place names on the maps frequently reveal their ancestry - but to them they added several novel features. Inscriptions of varying lengths amplified the pictures and sometimes contained references to their sources.
Much better preserved, until its destruction in 1943, was the famous Ebstorf world map of about 1235. It is difficult to account otherwise for the striking similarities in detailed arrangement and content between the Psalter world map, the recently discovered 'Duchy of Cornwall' fragment (probably commissioned in about 1285 by a cousin of Edward I for his foundation, Ashridge College in Hertfordshire) and the Aslake world map fragments of about 1360.
In many of its details it particularly resembles the Anglo-Saxon World Map of about 1000 and the twelfth century Henry of Mainz world map in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. For this purpose we offer you free report template that you can use to make it by yourself. A part from our regular work, we do different experiments to make sure you are getting right template. Volodymyr Redko, Executive Director of Association of Pharmaceutical Research and Development APRaD. Crone points out that this reference has special significance because Augustus had also entrusted his son-in-law, M.
Sometimes identified with Sirens, the mythical enchantresses along coasts of the Mediterranean, who lured sailors to destruction by their singing.
Amazon means a€?without a breast,a€? according to tradition these women removed the right breast to use the bow. At the right edge, a looping line shows the route of the wandering Israelites in their Exodus from Egypt; it crosses the Jordan to the left of a naked woman who looks over her shoulder at the sinking cities of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Dead Sea (she is Lot's wife, turned into a pillar of salt [A§254]. 400), a text that was often attended during the Middle Ages by diagrammatic a€?mapsa€? illustrating the concept.A  See also David Woodward. Others delved into the question of its authorship, which had previously been assumed to be obvious from the wording on the map itself. The medievalized depiction on the bottom left corner of the Hereford world map of 'Caesar Augustus' commissioning a survey of the world from three surveyors representing the three corners of the world may be based on a muddled - and religiously acceptable - memory of these classical events. Even though the inscriptions on the maps gradually became more and more garbled and the information more and more embellished, distorted, and misunderstood, they nevertheless retained their tenuous links with ancient learning. More than simple geographical shorthand, such maps were also meant to symbolize the crucifixion, the descent of man from Noah's three sons and the ultimate triumph of Christianity.
Palestine itself was usually enlarged far beyond what, on a modern map, would have been its actual proportions. A note on one of the most famous of them, the Ebstorf, says that it could be used for route planning. Although the maps were still dominated by biblical and classical history and legend, most other information seems to have been acceptable and was accommodated within the traditional framework. Far larger than the Hereford Word Map and much more colorful, it was probably created under the guidance of the itinerant English lawyer, teacher and diplomat, Gervase of Tilbury. In transmission some facts and text became garbled and some inscriptions are gobbled gook or wrong. Free report template is an easy and most convenient way to follow the right format and pattern for report writing. These checks help us in determining the problems that might a user can face while downloading or using any or all of our providing word templates. In the framework of this session the participants discussed the adjustments in the personal data protection, as well as promotional activities and programs of the pharmaceutical companies. Therefore, the National Essential Medicines List did not function properly from the very beginning of its development. The circle one-third of the way from the bottom is Jerusalem, the Map's central point, with a crucifixion scene above it ([A§387-89]).
Its images and decoration have been examined from a stylistic standpoint by Nigel Morgan and put into the context of their time, while the late Wilma George examined the animals in the light of her own zoological knowledge [2] The chance discoveries of fragments of other English medieval world maps in recent years [3] have expanded the context within which the Hereford World Map can be examined, and the Royal Academy exhibition, 'The Age of Chivalry' of 1987 enabled the map to be displayed in the company of other non-cartographic artifacts of its own time. Generally, though, it was not difficult to adapt surviving copies of existing, secular world maps to suit the purposes of Christian writers from the 5th century onwards. This was in order to match its historical importance and to accommodate all the information that had to be conveyed.
Christ would, for instance, be shown dominating the world, or the world might even be depicted as the actual body of Christ. The world was shown as the body of Christ and much space was devoted to the political situation in northern Germany: an area of particular concern to the Duke who may have commissioned it. Free report template would allow you to edit all its contents including its format according to your requirements. Perhaps, we appreciate if you brought into our notice any problem that you faced while using or downloading these report templates. Carte marine et portulan au XIIe siA?cle:A  Le Liber de existencia riveriarum et forma maris nostri Mediterranei. The amount of space dedicated to the other parts of the world varied according to their traditional historical or biblical importance and the preoccupations of the author of the text that the map illustrated. The best retail figures are shown by dietary supplements, patients care items and medicinal products, the worst figures – personal care products and cosmetics.
Behind the blue band of the river is a grim array of grotesque figures to indicate the existence of primitive peoples. There may be significance in the soulless mermaid placed in the map close to the unattainable Holy Land, or she may be a possible temptation to sea-faring pilgrims.
Phillott, wrote that it shows a a€?rejection of all that savoured of scientific geography, . Because of this, space devoted to the author or patron's homeland was often much exaggerated when judged by modern standards, as in the case of England, Wales and Ireland on the Hereford Mappa Mundi.
Crone demonstrated, the Hereford also contains sequences of the more important place names along some major thirteenth century commercial and pilgrimage routes. Session speakers - Zoya Zamikhovska, Junior associate, Lidiya Sangarovskaya-Gulach, Senior associate, and Andrii Gorbatenko, Associate partner, who presented to the audience their reports on medicinal products advertising, marketing agreements in the pharmacy sector, and distribution contracts.
On a world map, though, as opposed to the strip itinerary maps produced by Matthew Paris in about 1250, the route planning could only have been very approximate and very much incidental to the main purposes. Andrii Gorbatenko emphasized the types of law infringements foreseen by the competition law, and paid the attendees attention to the provisions of distribution contracts, which are attracting a close attention of the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine, in particular the provisions regulating the reports, discounts and bonus payments.
14), which may have resulted from the survey of the provinces ascribed by tradition to Julius Caesar. In the Hereford map they could revel in this pictorial description of the outside world, which taught natural history, classical legends, explained the winds and reinforced their religious beliefs.
The two upright fingers branching up from the Mediterranean are the Aegean and the Black Sea with the Golden Fleece at its extremity.



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