15.11.2015

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Law enforcement personnel stand near the Ellipse south of the White House on Constitution Avenue, Friday, May 20, 2016 in Washington. WASHINGTON—The White House was placed on lockdown for more than an hour Friday (US time) and heavily armed Secret Service agents deployed around the building after a man brandished a weapon nearby and was shot. The incident prompted the White House doors to be locked and agents in full tactical gear and brandishing automatic and heavy-caliber weapons were deployed around the complex and Lafayette Square to the north.
SAN PEDRO CITY–Police recovered 29 kilograms of shabu (methamphetamine hydrochloride), worth P145 million, in a buy-bust operation in Imus City, Cavite province on Friday afternoon.
Ozaeta said Ajido, a resident of Bacoor City, also in Cavite, was the subject of a joint anti-illegal drug operation by the AIDG and the Cavite police. During the transaction, Ajido sold a kilogram of shabu, worth P1 million, to undercover agents.
Earlier this week, police also recovered 10.4 kg of shabu worth P20 million in a separate operation in Bacoor City. CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY – The power outage that had plunged most of the city in total darkness on Friday evening might have caused the major fire incident that left more than 1,000 persons homeless in Sitio San Isidro Labrador in Barangay (village) Lapasan here, the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) said Saturday. Chief Inspector Rommel Villafuerte, the district fire marshal for Cagayan de Oro, said the fire started at the house of one Lisa Camomot and spread throughout the neighborhood. Based on account of a witness, a child was seen playing with a candle around the time the city experienced widespread power interruption, said Villafuerte.
The City Social Welfare and Development (CSWD) said a total of 123 families or 1,028 persons were displaced by the fire that persisted for nearly three hours.
CSWD chief Teddy Sabugaa said the survivors were now sheltered at the barangay covered court in Lapasan and that they were given relief packages containing food packs, blankets, sleeping mats, mosquito nets, personal hygiene kits, and other necessary items. The state weather bureau on Saturday said thunderstorm is expected to affect Metro Manila and neighboring provinces within the next few hours. Pagasa advised the public to take precautionary measures against heavy rains, strong winds, lightning, and possible flash floods. The Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) has advised motorists to take alternate routes as the intersection of Quezon Avenue and Roosevelt Avenue in Quezon City will be closed to traffic starting Saturday, May 21.
In an advisory, MMDA said the closure was to give way to the construction of the Skyway Stage 3 project. MMDA said traffic lights in the area will be in flashing mode and the U-turn slot will be opened for affected vehicles going to Edsa while the construction is ongoing. The Skyway Stage 3 project is an elevated expressway that will run from Buendia in Makati City to Balintawak in Quezon City.
DAVAO CITY– Incoming Energy secretary Alfonso Cusi on Saturday said he was “humbled” by his appointment to the Cabinet of presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte. The former Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA) General Manager vowed to “ensure reliable, steady and affordable power supply” in the Philippines. Besides heading the MIAA, Cusi also served as head of the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP) and the Philippine Ports Authority (PPA). Cusi was appointed director general of the CAAP in March 2010 but resigned nine months later after public dispute over the appointment without his knowledge of senior management officials at the agency. In 2004, Cusi was implicated in alleged massive electoral fraud involving then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
A Thai well-wisher holds a portrait of King Bhumibol Adulyadej as people gather to celebrate his 88th birthday at the Siriraj hospital where the King has been staying for months in Bangkok on December 5, 2015. BANGKOK—Doctors treating Thailand’s hospital-bound monarch Bhumibol Adulyadej have drained excess fluid from his spinal cord and brain, the palace said in a statement late Friday. The king, 88, is the object of an intense personality cult and his frail health is a subject of significant public concern. The wheelchair bound monarch has spent most of the past two years hospitalized for a series of ailments, with very few public appearances and speeches. The Royal Household Bureau said in a statement published late Friday night that doctors adjusted a tube used to drain excess fluid after they noticed facial twitching.
Bhumibol is the world’s longest-reigning monarch and most Thais have never known life under another king. Anxiety over what will happen after his reign comes to an end is considered an aggravating factor in the country’s past decade of tumultuous politics as competing elites jostle for power and influence ahead of the transition. Bhumibol last left Bangkok’s Siriraj hospital in early January for an hour-long trip by car to visit his palace and other royal projects, according to officials.
The kingdom has one of the world’s strictest lese majeste laws, punishing any criticism of the monarchy with up to 15 years in prison. Use of the law has skyrocketed ever since royalist army generals seized power in a May 2014 coup with scores arrested and jailed, some for as long as 30 years. Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump speaks at the National Rifle Association’s NRA-ILA Leadership Forum during the NRA Convention at the Kentucky Exposition Center on May 20, 2016 in Louisville, Kentucky. But the timing is notable because it came months earlier than in the previous two election cycles, suggesting the nation’s largest gun-rights advocacy group was seeking to help the Republican Party unite conservatives fractured over Trump. The group’s chief executive Wayne LaPierre declared it was time to prevent Clinton, the Democratic frontrunner, from gaining the White House and appointing a new justice to fill a Supreme Court vacancy. Speaking Sunday at the majority black Canaan Christian Church, also in Louisville, Clinton pledged to build on Obama’s efforts to keep firearms out of the wrong hands. Meanwhile Trump repeated his assertion that last year’s terror strikes in France could have been minimized or even avoided if citizens had been armed.
PARCHED LAND Corn stalks in Tuguegarao City have turned brown as temperatures rise, intensified by El Nino. UNITED NATIONS, United States–UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on Friday appointed former Irish President Mary Robinson and Kenyan diplomat Macharia Kamau as special envoys for El Nino and climate. The El Nino weather phenomenon, which occurs every two to seven years, affects rainfall patterns and causes both drought and flooding. Its effects can be seen in places like Sudan, where the UN estimates 400,000 people will need food aid due to El Nino-related drought. Robinson had previously served as the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and as Ban’s special envoy for climate change.
Kamau is Kenya’s ambassador to the United Nations and former president of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Board. Relatives and friends of passengers of the EgyptAir plane that crashed in the Mediterranean, comfort each other on May 20, 2016 during prayers at Abou Bakr el-Sedek mosque in Cairo.Egypt found wreckage including seats and luggage from the EgyptAir plane, as investigators tried to unravel the mystery of why it swerved and plummeted into the sea. CAIRO, Egypt–Wreckage including seats and luggage from EgyptAir Flight 804 were spotted in the eastern Mediterranean Friday as investigators tried to unravel why the plane turned sharply and plunged into the sea. The disaster comes just seven months after the bombing of a Russian passenger jet by the Islamic State jihadist group over Egypt’s Sinai peninsula in October that killed all 224 people on board.
Families of the 66 people aboard the EgyptAir flight from Paris to Cairo gathered at a hotel near the Egyptian capital’s airport after meeting airline officials as they struggled to come to terms with the catastrophe. French investigators were due to meet their Egyptian counterparts in Cairo, while a French patrol boat carrying equipment capable of tracking the plane’s black boxes was expected on Sunday or Monday. The plane disappeared between the Greek island of Karpathos and the Egyptian coast in the early hours of Thursday, without its crew sending a distress signal.
It had turned sharply twice before plunging 22,000 feet (6,700 metres) and vanishing from radar screens, said Greek Defence Minister Panos Kammenos.
The Wall Street Journal and CNN cited unnamed sources as saying the plane’s computer systems sent warning messages indicating smoke in the nose of the aircraft just before air traffic controllers lost contact. It said the information was insufficient to determine whether the plane was brought down by a bomb or other causes.
Philip Baum, the editor of Aviation Security International Magazine, told the BBC that technical failure could not be ruled out. Greek civil aviation chief Constantinos Litzerakos said the pilot had mentioned no problem in his last communication. Personal belongings and parts of the Airbus A320 were spotted by search teams scouring seas off Egypt’s northern coast about 290 kilometres (180 miles) from the city of Alexandria, the military said. The passengers included 30 Egyptians, 15 French citizens, two Iraqis, two Canadians, and citizens from Algeria, Belgium, Britain, Chad, Portugal, Saudi Arabia and Sudan. The discovery of the wreckage came after the European Space Agency said one of its satellites had on Thursday spotted an oil slick about 40 kilometres southeast of the plane’s last known location. In October, foreign governments issued travel warnings for Egypt and demanded a review of security at its airports after the Islamic State group said it downed the Russian airliner over Sinai with a bomb concealed in a soda can that had been smuggled into the hold. IS has been waging a deadly insurgency against Egyptian security forces and has claimed attacks in both France and Egypt. When even your closest friends publicly disagree with you on your choices, perhaps you should pause and take stock.
Evangelist Apollo Quiboloy, a longtime friend of Rodrigo Duterte, is not happy with the Cabinet appointments announced so far by the incoming president’s team. But, now, Quiboloy is miffed at Duterte and his team, apparently for having been left out of some crucial deliberations.
Quiboloy may well just be suffering from injured  amor  propio—the self-sacrificing hometown friend who believes he did so much to help his buddy become, soon, the most powerful man in the country, only for dirty interlopers from Manila and beyond to elbow him out once Malacanang was won. That revelation compounds the unease that has met the announcement of Villar heading the Department of Public Works and Highways.
It’s understandable if Villar was flattered at the invitation to serve the incoming president and his country in so direct a capacity.
Duterte’s Cabinet is purportedly patterned after that of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau—diverse, dynamic, competent, with more women and young people in it. Predictably, a number of Duterte supporters are pushing back by saying that all the complaining is too much and too soon, that Villar should be judged once he has warmed his seat at the DPWH. A coalition government with the Communist Party of the Philippines has been proposed by presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte with an offer of at least four Cabinet portfolios—agrarian reform, social welfare, environment and natural resources, and labor. Duterte’s flirtation with Left politics began when he was a member of the Kabataang Makabayan and Bayan. Duterte’s proposed coalition with the Left differs from the European norm where coalition regimes are transacted by opposing political parties for lack of a dominant political party. In this case, the Cabinet posts are being offered even as Duterte and his advisers know that the underground Left’s agenda of revolutionary reforms seek to alter the power structures in the country—dislodging the ruling oligarchs and financial elite and building a people’s coalition government.
Offering the “hand of peace” to the Left as well as other cause-driven rebel forces, Duterte anchors his incoming administration on a healing presidency with a program of national unity, peace and development.
In fact, the offer of Cabinet posts to the CPP reveals a Duterte ready to embrace the party’s national democratic program with a socialist perspective.
In principle, a true coalition government must include forming parallel coalition councils at the local levels. Which brings us to the important questions: If the Left comes on board, how will Duterte be able to balance and rein in a government of incongruent political forces—the Left armed with a progressive ideology and rightist groups representing neoliberal and pro-elite interests?
Duterte understands the political influence of the armed Left—the extensive guerrilla zones they operate in countless barrios all over the country and now under revolutionary councils. Both Duterte and the Left will need mutual support and cooperation to sustain what may turn out to be the country’s first socialist experiment.
Believe it or not, the new K-to-12 curriculum that takes effect beginning this school year in all elementary and high school classes discusses both Philippine and world history quite extensively.
In fact, a close inspection of the K-to-12 curriculum guides, easily accessible at the Department of Education website, will show that the discussion of history and historical events can be found in the learning areas of practically every grade level.
The new K-to-12 curriculum shows that the DepEd is not averse to making the appreciation of history a core basic education competency, at par with English, science, math and Filipino. Existing global evidence likewise strongly suggests that a curriculum that consistently nurtures a deep sense of legacy is a key characteristic of high-performing education systems, regardless of whether a society is authoritarian or liberal. Singapore and South Korea did the same thing when they took a long hard look at their respective curriculums several years ago. Lately, social media has been abuzz with calls to rewrite history textbooks in the wake of Ferdinand Marcos Jr.’s bid to put himself a heartbeat away from the presidency. Roscelle Cruz, the information specialist at the University of the Philippines Library who famously dared netizens and Marcos apologists to unfriend her on Facebook, pointed out that irrefutable evidence and accurate historical accounts of the atrocities during the Marcos dictatorship are readily accessible to anyone who cares to look. Cruz raised an excellent point: All the information one needs to investigate any historical event dispassionately is readily available, online or in print. In her paper titled “Making a Case for History In Basic Education,” Maria Serena Diokno wrote: “History serves numerous purposes, from the development of citizens as meaningful members of a larger community with which they identify, to the training of the mind in critical thinking and sound judgment.
Now that the elections are over and a new administration is set to take the reins for nation-building, we begin the hard work of continuing major reforms, paramount of which is the K-to-12 program. Amid the commendations for the Aquino administration for finally paving the way for K-to-12, some critics remain cynical about the Philippines’ readiness for it, given various transition issues. Opposition to K-to-12 has focused on labor concerns, which, while valid, have already been tackled in multisectoral efforts. For example, in filling senior high school (SHS) personnel posts, the DepEd has established a “green lane” for the priority hiring of displaced faculty and staff.
For those who will not join the SHS ranks, the Commission on Higher Education has allocated a total of 15,000 scholarship slots (8,000 masters and 7,000 PhDs), apart from the 13,606 faculty and staff development grants and 100 school innovation grants—all lodged under the Tertiary Education Transition Fund.
On the national policy front, while it is true that government spending on education remains below international standards, it has been steadily increasing in absolute value across the years.
The transition issues surrounding K-to-12—and the criticisms they inevitably draw—merely underscore one challenge for us all: ensuring that the next administration will also put a premium on education by pursuing the full and effective implementation of K-to-12, among other critical reforms of recent times.
Education Secretary Armin Luistro said it best: “One of the criticisms [for K-to-12] is ‘Why do you do it?
Indeed, the battle for real and lasting change in Philippine education can only be fought one classroom, one teacher, one student at a time.
Respect for rights.  Preeminent among the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations in 1948 is the right to life. Human Rights Watch and the Commission on Human Rights have documented the unsolved killings of over 1,424 people allegedly perpetrated by death squads in 1989-2015 in Davao City, as mentioned in the pastoral letter of Archbishop Antonio Ledesma, SJ.
People cannot take the law in their own hands, and these death squads, as well as self-styled vigilantes who operate with impunity in other localities, must be disbanded and held accountable. Moreover, the threat of the reimposition of the death penalty has again been raised, which, rather than inhibit, will certainly further promote a culture of violence.
Respect for women.  During the election campaign and now in countless articles in the global media including the Time cover story featuring the presumptive president-elect, mention is made of the attitude and the words of disrespect to women and to women victims of rape and abuse. To say even in jest that it is all right to copy, or to cheat, or to be content with a 75 percent—that is, to be mediocre—provides a demotivating example to the young. Among the contributors to the presidential campaign are business people and financiers known to have vital interests in the extractive industries. Respect for the people’s right to a just peace.  For countrywide development to be sustainable, the building of a just and durable peace, one that responds to our people’s needs and the aspirations of those on the margins of society, is required. The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro and the Bangsamoro Basic Law were the fruits of rigorous peace negotiations and extensive consultations. As I see it, incoming President Rodrigo Duterte’s timeline so far has this feature: Three to six months into his term, he will have reduced criminality and corruption in the country by a substantial amount. Then we have a second feature: Within two years, he will submit his federalism proposal to either a plebiscite or a referendum. Duterte explains that within this period, he will create a commission (Commission to Study Federalism?), whose main task (quoting from newspaper reports, which may be dangerous) would be to start the discussion on how the country could effect the shift to a federal form of government. Reader, if you are now thoroughly confused with the words “parliamentary,” “presidential,” “federal” and “unitary,” let me try to dispel the confusion. The federal system is based on the principle of subsidiarity, which is basically the idea that a central authority should have a subsidiary (that is, a supporting, rather than a subordinate) function, with the central performing only those tasks which cannot be performed effectively at a more immediate or local level. The votes of Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) members might matter for some contests, and some candidates. In this contest, the INC instruction was critical, given Marcos’ current official deficit from Robredo of only about half a percentage point. In the 2010 vice-presidential race, it should be recalled, candidate Roxas, backed by the INC, was narrowly defeated by candidate Binay who surged in the homestretch.  The situation in 2016 is a photo finish again. The Senate race.  The INC slate was quite mixed, with three LPs (Franklin Drilon, Joel Villanueva, Ralph Recto), two NPCs (Vicente Sotto and Sherwin Gatchalian), four independents (Panfilo Lacson, Richard Gordon, Juan Zubiri, Francis Tolentino), and one each from UNA (Manny Pacquiao), Akbayan (Risa Hontiveros), and Lakas (Martin Romualdez).
In voting for senators, fully half of the INCs went for the complete recommended slate, and thus their median number of names was 12. Among the candidates endorsed by their hierarchy, there is still considerable variability in the INC vote, as seen in the table, which sequences the top 15 candidates according to their Comelec vote rank.
Pangilinan and De Lima, despite not being favored by the INC hierarchy, won nonetheless.  Tolentino’s INC support was not enough to overcome De Lima’s ultimate 3-point margin over him. To sum up, in 2016 the INC votes matter for the vice-presidential contest and for one of the seats in the senatorial contest.  When fighting for every fraction of a point, politicians have to take the INC into account.
Encouraged by Duterte’s blunt ways, allow us to cut to the chase: He and his team—who should not only be the best and the brightest, but also the most patriotic and compassionate, especially with poor Filipinos—should first and foremost fully implement our environment laws as effectively as he has implemented the laws in Davao City.
In his campaign speeches, Duterte repeatedly warned criminals, drug lords and the corrupt: “S-T-O-P. Can he say the same to “environment criminals,” the “pushers” and “coddlers” of illegal logging, quarrying, coal-fired power plants, mining and other environmentally destructive activities? Thus, it is vital for Duterte to include environmental protection and conservation in his top 5 agenda. If we are resource-conscious, our behavior would be reoriented for good, we would have more land space for reforestation and agriculture, clean water to drink, clean air to breathe. Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte’s landslide election to the presidency, by all indications, is, indeed, providential. Duterte is offering the group the powerful posts of agrarian reform, labor, social welfare, and environment and natural resources. Duterte, reportedly, was a student of exiled CPP head Jose Maria Sison at the Lyceum of the Philippines, one of the centers of student activism in the late 1960s through the 1970s. To conclude, Duterte, by the providence of the Unseen Hand, should understand the lifelong struggle of Jose Maria Sison; after all, as the latter’s student, he literally rubbed  elbows (and minds) with a great Filipino. The robust economic expansion in the first quarter is seen sustainable throughout the year, prompting British financial giant Standard Chartered Bank to raise its full-year growth forecast for the Philippines to 6.4 percent. Separately, debt watcher Moody’s Investors Service said the Duterte administration’s plan to liberalize investment restrictions would augur well for growth in the next six years and could be positive to the country’s credit rating. The mine produced 12,779 ounces of gold and 61,085 ounces of silver, higher by 11 percent and 18 percent, respectively, than the 11,557 ounces of gold and 51,917 ounces of silver produced in the same quarter of 2015. Revenue for the quarter consequently shot up to a record P775 million, 17 percent higher than the revenue of P665 million posted in the same period last year. The hike in revenues, however, was not enough to compensate for higher non-cash charges for depreciation of the equipment acquired last year, higher interest expense and lower foreign exchange gain.
Thus, the parent company’s consolidated net income amounted to just P39 million, 60 percent lower than the consolidated net income of P100 million in 2015.
The company was nevertheless encouraged by positive movements in metal prices, with gold reaching a high of $1,304 per ounce. Including profits attributable to minority interest, Megawide’s first quarter net profit rose by 55 percent to P573.16 million. Megawide posted a 119-percent or P3.21-billion increase in consolidated revenues compared to the same quarter last year, with core construction business contributing 93 percent.
Megawide chief financial officer Oliver Tan said:  “The country’s property sector continues to be strong, buoyed by the growing demand for residential and especially office spaces primarily from the Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry. The enhanced construction revenue was topped by P2.5 billion worth of new contracts for the year’s first quarter. Megawide has likewise started to unlock values from its diversification into infrastructure projects. The government’s tax research arm supports imposing a national surtax on real property, seen as a feasible strategy to source additional revenues for pump priming the economy.
NTRC said owners of real property would find it hard to evade their duties since land, building and machinery were fixed. The agency expressed confidence the public would support a national surtax, noting how it has accepted local government units’ imposition of the real property tax (RPT). Studies cited by the NTRC showed the local RPT, while a top source of LGU revenues, remained underperforming since LGUs tend to delay or postpone revisions to the SMVs—interpreted as an increase in property taxes—for fear of losing their constituents’ support. The national government’s property tax effort during the same period, in comparison, was a lower 0.29 percent. Surtax on real property would also be “a tool to redistribute income and wealth” as it would improve tax equity, the NTRC said. In line with keeping the “ability to pay” principle, NTRC recommended to exclude from the proposed surtax’s coverage certain real properties below a threshold value or land area.
To easily administer the levy and protect taxpayers from a tax shock, it suggested the base of the surtax be equivalent to the RPT’s tax base. The NTRC also proposed that the surtax be implemented through a new special law, rather than being incorporated in the Tax Code, to avoid confusion with the LGUs’ RPT under the Local Government Code. To easily administer, monitor and implement such surtax, the NTRC recommended using LGU databases so that the assessment and computation of the additional tax on real property would be simultaneous with the RPT. The State of Hawaii is exploring a possible collaboration with Lopez-led Energy Development Corp.
Salaveria visited the Philippines from May 14 to 18 to learn how Hawaii could incorporate geothermal power to reduce the state’s dependency on fossil fuels and increase efficiency measures.
During his Manila visit, Salaveria held a series of meetings with geothermal experts and top officials of EDC, which is acknowledged as a global leader in geothermal energy.
The Filipino-American official said the trip   to Manila this month was initiated to gather information to support the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI), which is a partnership between the State of Hawaii and the US Department of Energy that was launched in 2008.
Hawaii was especially interested in gaining a deeper understanding of geothermal energy and how this renewable energy (RE) source could help in achieving HCEI’s goal, Salaveria said. EDC owns and operates 12 integrated geothermal power projects with an installed capacity of 1,169 megawatts (MW). Studies indicated that Hawaii could hold more than 1,000 MW of geothermal reserves on Maui and Hawaii islands, two of the eight main islands of the State of Hawaii.
While Hawaii has other RE options such as wind and solar, these RE sources are intermittent and cannot be used to run baseload power plants.
Flag carrier Philippine Airlines (PAL) is launching flights between Taipei and Osaka next month, increasing connectivity via the use of the country’s fifth freedom rights. PAL said in a statement that the route would be launched on June 25, 2016, using its Airbus A321 planes.
The fifth freedom right allows a domestic carrier like PAL to fly from Manila to an international destination, then pick up passengers and cargo in that location and ferry these onward to a third and final international destination. PAL has 10 weekly frequencies between Taipei and Manila and 14 frequencies between Osaka and Manila.
Bautista earlier noted that the carrier planned to increase fifth freedom flights for other routes to improve business prospects. The Lucio Tan-controlled carrier is front and center of a row between the Philippines and Kuwait that erupted after the latter blocked PAL’s plan to use fifth freedom flights between Dubai in the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait City. In response, Kuwait Airways’ Bangkok-Manila fifth freedom privileges were suspended last March 27 after more than two decades of operation. PAL nevertheless called for diplomatic intervention, stating that the fifth freedom right was clearly granted under the Philippine-Kuwait Bilateral Air Services Agreement of 1977, as amended in April 1995 and February 2009. PAL, in January this year, launched a four times weekly service between Manila and Kuwait (via Dubai). While airlines were expected to do better in 2016 due to lower fuel prices, a significant component of operating costs, PAL’s operator PAL Holdings posted a decline in profits in the first quarter of the year. Property giant SM Prime Holdings (SMPH) expects to complete this year up to 2017 three new business process outsourcing (BPO) towers outside Metro Manila to complement its shopping mall complexes in Clark, Pampanga, Sta.
SMPH has earmarked P2.42 billion in capital outlays in the second half of this year to complete these three new commercial buildings. SM Clark BPO Towers will be a commercial building adjacent to SM City Clark and will have a lot size of 6,090 square meters (sqms). SM Iloilo Tower will be adjacent to SM City Iloilo and will have a lot size of 5,480 sqms.  It will also have a GFA of 45,000 sqms.
The rating for SMPH’s outstanding bonds amounting to P39.99 billion was likewise maintained at “PRS Aaa,” the highest rating in Philratings’ scale. The consolidation of SM’s real estate properties made SMPH one of the biggest integrated developers in the Philippines. As of end-March, SMPH already has 56 malls operating in the Philippines, with a total GFA of 7.3 million sqms.
Based on stylistic comparisons such as striations inside body contours and the presentation of horns in twisted perspective, several Paleolithic art experts, including the first curator of the Chauvet Cave, Jean Clottes, have accredited the Portuguese friezes to the early Solutrean of about 20,000 years ago3. In Portugal, the government did the opposite a€“ plunging ahead with a project destined to destroy the nationa€™s oldest cultural heritage by completing a 300-million-dollar dam whose reservoir will flood a valley packed with dozens of art sites spread over at least 17 kilometers. Yet construction continues - even on holidays - and the water is about to rise another hundred meters. A male ibex with his head shown in two positions, as if he were turning to watch the female behind him.
As we drove up to a sentry box perched on the lip of a road into the vast, unnatural gashing of mountains at Foz CA?a, it was hard to tell if the young guard blocking us in a crisp red and gray uniform represented a well-heeled security service or an elite military unit - but it was plain that bluff and sweet talk wouldn't get us far. The next time the car eased over the knuckles of a road crisscrossed by up-ended strata, past empty huts built just of stacked slabs, and jostled between overhanging and plunging cliffs until an avalanche of tailings from an old quarry almost blocked the path.
Here was one of the places of grandeur where our ancestors had first grasped visions and then concretized them by hewing - and sometimes painting - images into rock panels. As I pushed forward and the river grew shallower, turtles became so numerous that their stacks toppled like circus acts from the brinks of submerged cliffs.
As a draftsman, I could feel empathy for the beast flowing into the hands that had etched her.
This first frieze stood at a fitting point, practically where the reservoir yielded to the original rapids and long pools of the virgin river. Far away across the moonscape of rutted ramps, knots of men stood before tunnels as fleets of dump trucks, made so tiny by distance that they only gave away their magnitude by over-sized wheels, eased to the brink of platforms, and added avalanches to tailings. Above us, the titanium-white cleanliness of the cement plant's towers stood in bold contrast to the devastation, like a phalanx of gigantic chess-rooks bunched for the kill.
According to press articles, the dam-builders had recognized him as the true discoverer of Portugal's first reported Paleolithic engravings, at nearby Mazouco, even though the doctoral student's mentor, Professor Vitor Oliviera Jorge, had stolen his thunder.7 They had given Rebanda a job as their obligatory salvage archaeologist when the new doctor somehow couldn't get a position on a faculty. In return, all he'd had to do was wait till their concrete curtain had gone up and its reservoir had risen into a sea so voluminous and costly that its drainage would have been unthinkable. My goateed interlocutor smirked as he told me I could try looking for the doctor at the complex built for the previous dam, 15A kilometers downstream. But I'd hit pay dirt: the fact that I might hear Rebanda's mea culpa was more than Ia€™d hoped for.
Sebastian elected to wait outside and embarked on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth as I knocked at the locked door. Still, I complimented her on her English, sympathized with them for having to put up with this hierarchical bother, and kept spinning innocuous questions, while she kept waiting for me to go. When Rebanda's secretary came out again, to see if she could get either me a€“ or her boss - to give up as the wait grew embarrassingly long, I asked her what the round silos with tipped roofs on the hills had been used for. But the next time, after they had gotten used to my rounds, I stepped inside and admired a sequence of two eight-foot-tall maps full of pins. Something was wrong: in addition to the constellations of pins extending for 17 kilometers upstream from the construction site, there were dozens downstream, along the reservoir behind the dam just outside! Finally, so many hours had passed, and she'd informed the doctor so many times that I was still hanging around, that I was forced by the sheer need for new scenery to vary my route, and drifted through empty rooms. The only thing the reports agreed on was that Rebanda had somehow discovered the flooded portion of Canada do Inferno by the previous autumn22 a€“ asking the EDP to lower the Pocinho reservoir by just 3 meters in November 1994 so he could study the engravings.23 a€?They told me it was too expensive,a€? Rebanda had told the New York Times.


So who had shot these photographs, which looked like they had been taken when the sites were dry vegetated hillsides instead of among the muck and bare banks below a fallen waterline?
I realized that the photos of the dry sites might have been taken before the Pocinho Dam, which had flooded them, had even been completed a€“ over 12 years before!
UNESCO had suggested Clottes, who, in an uncanny convergence of good and bad karma, was taken on a whirlwind tour of the tip of the iceberg at Canada do Inferno, then immediately whisked to a press conference in Vila Nova do Foz CA?a on Dec 16th, 199428 a€“ just two days before the discovery of the Chauvet Cave that catapulted him, as its first interpreter and protector, from the summit of the French archaeological establishment to world fame. But Clottesa€™ judgement was mixed, confirming that the art could be dated on stylistic grounds to the early Solutrean or even late Gravettian of twenty to twenty-four thousand years ago while suggesting that flooding the valley might be the best way of protecting it, since Portugal was ill-equipped to protect such widely dispersed panels from vandals!29 a€?There is no easy solution,a€? he told a reporter.
What the press forgot to emphasize with quite as much fervor was the fact that Clottes had prefaced his Solomonic verdict by saying, a€?Whatever happens, the engravings must be preserved and not be damaged.a€? Clottes might have felt that he could safely pass the buck because no art conservationist could honestly guarantee the engravingsa€™ fate once they were subjected to currents carrying abrasives, burial under the petrifying alluvia that accumulates behind dams,33 and the worlda€™s most destructive solvent a€“ water, which would dissolve pigments and destabilize rock that had proven its resistance to aerial conditions over tens of millennia. While chatting up the gaunt fellow traveller at the construction site, Ia€™d pretended to make small talk by asking engineering questions, including one about the depth of the sediment that had accumulated behind the Pocinho dam. The irony of it was that Clottesa€™ efforts to be honest without irritating his hosts had been the spark that the French diplomats had dreaded. Despite the fact that the great prehistoriana€™s reputation would remain largely intact, and with good reason, in much of the rest of the world,34 the Portuguese intelligentsia began to shun him. A€ propos of CA?a, two Portuguese rock art researchers, who couldna€™t stomach Clottes after his press conference, ironically echoed him by telling me, confidentially, that flooding the engravings could still be a blessing since it would save them from graffiti and those boogeymen of archaeologistsa€™ dreams, prowling collectors. My guess is that he was so beleaguered by advisers that he was just trying to get out of an awkward situation as quickly, judiciously and diplomatically as possible. I mentioned to Rebanda that I had just attended the lecture on Chauvet, that I even had a videotape of it right there in my camera. So it's true, I thought, drowning the site was Rebanda's solution to the problem of ownership of photographic rights. But then, what about Rebanda's self-serving talk of photo credits, not to mention the engravings already submerged by the dam at the doorstep a€“ and his belief that the engravings were doomed to be flooded? Strangely enough, I could again see it being both ways, since the roots of tragedy are self-deception and entwined motives. He must have realized that I was rooting for him to pull himself out of his tailspin, because suddenly he decided. Upon leaving, Sebastian asked to check out the Pocinho dam, so I drove round an interchange into an empty parking lot with planters. As the sun slanted over the plateau into the wilderness of the CA?a valley, I decided to sneak into a side-valley to the north of our campsite that Rebanda's map had cluttered with pins.
Then, after breaching a wall of rushes, we broke to the reservoir's edge - and were met by a horned skull stuck on a stake.
Suddenly, I remembered what Rebanda had said about the engravings' association with witchcraft.
Being obstinate (or perhaps because of the prehistoric setting), I started whittling stone, knapping a microlithic surgeon's kit, and then bent single-mindedly to my task - failing till I was disgusted with myself and worried for my victim (which I had bizarrely associated with Rebanda). This time there were two guards behind an overhanging military fence crested by barbed wire. The guard who beckoned us in was rearing a guard-dog puppy, which scampered around, tumbling over ledges and using its chin to lever itself over steps. Our guide was a decent young man who couldn't help feeling uneasy blocking access to these bold masterpieces at the source of all our arts. Still, these guards were actually tame as the locals poured down to catch a glimpse of the animals through the fence.
After he'd hastened to take up his time-clock again, I wandered if there might not be even more testimonials of man's attraction to this classical Eden with its islets and fords in the flowery river, and browsed through a plowed orchard, along a contour which I judged would have been the valley floor half a million years ago. We knew the next dawn would be our last, so we broke camp in blue light to explore the teeming side-valley beyond the first auroch. Not Portugal's - OURS - because this art is so old, despite its elegance, that we share the blood and genius of those distant ancestors who awoke to the universe, whether our cavalcade of ancestors migrated around the Old World or came across the Bering Straits 14,000 years ago.
Footnotes have been added to the internet version of the article to provide historical perspective and more detail about sources than the versions that were published & distributed in 1995. 1 The three discoverers of the Chauvet Cave were Eliette Brunel Deschamps, Christian Hillaire, and Jean-Marie Chauvet. 2 The IPPAR announced the existence of the valleya€™s engravings on November 19, 1994 but a video was made of them in 1993. 10 Bahn 1995 for a re-capitulation of the same accusations against the IPPAR & Rebanda. 33 Bednarik & Jaffe have been the most outspoken spokesmen about delusions concerning the protective qualities of reservoirs a€“ which not only inundate art panels with water but deep alluvial deposits that make their later recovery dangerous and impractical. 34 Interestingly, a few years after this appeal was written, Clottes came under fierce attack and even ridicule by many representatives of the French intelligentsia, including some of the countrya€™s most prominent prehistorians, after he and David Lewis-Williams published a€?The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and magic in the painted cavesa€? in 1996. As soon as their results indicating that the art might be only 3,000 to 6,500 years old (if not even younger) were announced a€“ which actually made the engravings even more astonishing, potentially rewriting the history of rock art or even making Portugal the last bastion of the Paleolithic tradition a€“ the most important Portuguese right-wing weekly screamed that the direct-dating results proved that stylistic daters like Clottes had perpetrated a a€?FRAUDa€? (O Independente, 7 July 1995).
It should also be noted that the individuals who participated in the debate were often somewhat unwittingly drawn into playing secondary or tertiary roles in a struggle between the Portuguese Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Industry. 40 In November 1995 - six months after this call-toa€“arms was published and circulated to Prehistoric Art Emergencya€™s volunteers (who Ia€™m glad to report included a young actor, Yann Montelle, who went on to earn a doctorate in prehistory) - a book edited by Jorge called a€?Dossier CA?aa€? appeared with 20 contributions by him or his wife.
44 After writing this article in May 1995, it occurred to me that I might have missed one of the main reasons for eliminating Rebanda from Portugala€™s archaeological milieu a€“ the fact that he was so effective at finding rock art that drew international attention, first to Mazouco, then to CA?a. 49 When I wrote the article, I assumed that the two young men were Rebandaa€™s subordinates and referred to them as a€?draftsmena€?. 50 After initially denigrating both the art and the idea of extracting it, the EDP later adopted the idea as one of its three strategies for overcoming opposition to the dam project. For most it is similar to a tumbler made up of glass that once breaks is difficult to realize in its original form. A uniformed Secret Service officer shot a person who drew a weapon just outside the White House Friday afternoon, a U.S. Police believed the large amount of shabu would be delivered to other groups involved in the illegal drugs trade. This has resulted in an increase in left-turning traffic (average increase in the number of vehicles at 6,000 daily) and gridlock in the area,” it added. The toll-road is expected to cut travel time from more than an hour-and-a-half to about 15 minutes.
Thai King Bhumibol, the world’s longest reigning monarch who is regarded as a demi-god by many Thais and considered a unifying force in a politically turbulent nation, turned 88 on December 5, 2015. Last Saturday the palace said Bhumibol had been treated with antibiotics for a lung infection and knee inflammation. To do that we need the full support and attention of the international community,” he was quoted as saying.
He was co-chair of the UN General Assembly working group on sustainable development goals, which includes the fight against climate change. Search teams spotted personal belongings of passengers and parts of the Airbus A320 about 290 kilometres (180 miles) north of Egypt’s coastal city of Alexandria, the military said. The error warnings also indicated that the flight control computer malfunctioned, the Journal report said. He has made his displeasure known through his spokesman Mike Abe, who said there should be “a correct process” when it comes to choosing Duterte’s alter egos. Not only did he apparently agree to abandon his Las Pinas constituency just like that, mere days after being reelected as their representative; worse, his new job as overseer of the Philippines’ real estate poses a blatant conflict of interest given his family’s status as one of the country’s largest property developers. But the public also has reason to raise an eyebrow at the circumstances surrounding his appointment.
But Duterte has just been elected on a platform of change, with over 15 million Filipinos handing him the nation’s highest office based on his extra-blunt promise to sweep clean the Augean stables of Philippine politics and society. But conflict of interest has nothing to do with competence; it’s integrity that’s at stake—and the clean and transparent administration that Rodrigo Duterte has promised to bring to Malacanang.
Thanking his former student for the “magnanimous offer,” exiled CPP founding chair Jose Maria Sison politely declined the Cabinet positions, clarifying, however, that the offer would be studied seriously. As mayor of Davao City, he staked his political career by accommodating the New People’s Army, and backing a ban on US armed exercises in the metropolis. Forged by compromise, these power-sharing coalitions eventually turn fractious because of incoherent policies and strategies.
The posts at stake are as strategic and critical as they involve social services, employment, land reform, and protecting the environment from development aggression. He will lead and micromanage a hard-fist antidrugs and anticrime campaign, but national security will lose steam without a peace agreement signed with the Left and capped by comprehensive social, economic, and political reforms for a just and lasting peace. Others may interpret it as an attempt to coopt the Left by using the peace process as a ploy for capitulation. However, Duterte’s planned first moves as president converges with the Left agenda—an end to labor contractualization, rebuilding the national steel industry en route to industrialization, and tax reform, among others. The support that Duterte expects from the Left in helping administer government affairs can be enhanced by a broad progressive movement’s representation in the local governments.
How will basic disagreements on policies and strategies be reconciled to assemble a coherent six-year program? Negotiations with the National Democratic Front, which were stalled in 2013, promise to rectify past mistakes of not honoring 10 peace agreements, with both sides now expected to accelerate the process as speedily as possible. Past regimes failed to defeat the NPA because of its mass base support and also due to the government’s inability to address the roots of rebellion. Tuazon teaches at the University of the Philippines and is CenPEG’s director for policy studies. As former education undersecretary Isagani Cruz pointed out last year, “The story of our country, as told in the K-to-12 curriculum, is a story of fighting for freedom, first against foreign invaders, then against local and foreign rulers. Cruz cited the teaching of Asian history in Grade 7, which deals with the struggles of various Asian countries against colonialism, imperialism and neocolonialism, and the teaching of European history in the context of imperialism in Grade 8. In fact, the study of history is the best way to nurture the discipline of critical thinking in learners, in much the same way that scientific inquiry becomes second nature to students through their science subjects. For instance, in Fidel Castro’s Cuba, education has always been a cornerstone of the Cuban Revolution.
The learning approaches of these two countries differ greatly, but their education systems strongly emphasize national identity. Is the study of who we are and where we came from of such low priority that we need to crowdsource the sentiment in order to heighten its importance? And yet, it is disheartening to see how easily memes and viral videos derail intelligent public discourse, and not just among millennials.
Much has been said about how this long-overdue reform in education can benefit the Filipino people.
These include nationwide caravans by the Department of Education (DepEd) and regional dialogues by the Private Education Assistance Committee (PEAC), the Coordinating Council of Private Educational Associations (Cocopea), and Philippine Business for Education (PBEd). It has accommodated a total of 41,692 SHS faculty applications for 2016 alone, well beyond the 39,000 faculty members estimated to be displaced over a period of five years. Finally, the Department of Labor and Employment will facilitate the provision of financial and livelihood assistance to displaced personnel. From P188 billion in 2010, the total education budget has nearly doubled to P371 billion in 2015, equivalent to a fifth of total new appropriations for the year. And the thing with such massive change is that the first few, wobbly steps are also the hardest.
I have drawn these reflections from the contentious election campaign that I would now like to convey to presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte. In the next six years, it is imperative that we underline the message that life is sacred, and that the rule of law will prevail by putting a stop to all forms of killings, particularly summary political killings and extrajudicial executions.
The police and local authorities under whose watch these crimes have been committed must likewise be made to answer for these atrocities. Studies of Amnesty International over four decades have repeatedly discredited the argument that it serves as a deterrent.
In an imperfect justice system where unfair conditions may exist, those who are poor or marginalized, or who belong to minorities, are more likely to be sentenced to death; more often than not, it is those who have less in life who are unable to mount a proper defense. It is important to note that in politics as well as in life, “words do matter” whether said in anger or in jest.
Balancing competing voices in any coalition (especially one with no clear program of government presented to the people during the campaign, and absent political parties with comprehensive platforms of government except perhaps the Communist Party of the Philippines) will present a monumental challenge.
Waging peace with the CPP, National Democratic Front and New People’s Army, on the other hand, has been a labyrinthine journey that now needs to be completed to ensure that peace will prevail nationwide. Ed Garcia cosponsored the provision abolishing the death penalty as one of the framers of the 1987 Constitution. After that, he would call for a constitutional convention (obviously through Congress, because the latter is the only one who can call it, by a vote of two-thirds of all its members).
Joaquin Bernas, SJ, categorizes our present system as a “mitigated unitarism” since 1987 because the new Constitution gives the local government some powers, such as the power of local taxation and the encouragement of local autonomy. Aside from dividing powers vertically, it will require the very ticklish problem of dividing our country into states. There are quarters who say that the Constitution does not have to be amended, only the Local Government Code, and some laws, assuming that the main objective is more autonomy, and devolved powers and resources to the local government units. The INCs are notoriously slow in deciding for whom to vote.  Last Election Day, 53 percent said they made their choice for president only sometime between May 1 and May 9 itself. Robredo’s advantage over Marcos comes from the very populous Catholics, and the Muslims, who are almost as many as the INCs. The other 12 in the table, in bold type, were the INC’s recommendees; they got between 56 (Recto) and 68 (Drilon and Pacquiao) percent. In that case De Lima would have moved up to 11th place, while Recto and Osmena would be in a tight battle for 12th. One or two or even a hundred of them may be killed, but there will remain a thousand other hungry stomachs that could turn to crimes to get themselves filled. Duterte impressed us when, after his final rally at Luneta, which gathered the biggest crowd among the presidential candidates’ rallies, he and his supporters left the place clean of garbage.
Dumps all over the country are polluting and destroying our land, water and air resources, and harming public health. We invite the presumptive president-elect of the Philippines to join us in pursuing aggressively the use of renewable sources of energy—solar, wind, water—because air pollution kills. Is it because the memory of computer operators walking out of the Philippine International Convention Center from the canvassing of votes in the 1986 snap presidential election—after they realized that they were being made to encode erroneous data to favor his father—is still fresh in his mind? With the  mayor at the helm of the government after June 30, 2016, there is every chance that, for the first time in the turbulent history of our country and at a most crucial time, a true leader has arrived to steer a genuine government of the Filipino people, by the Filipino people and for the Filipino people.
Investment in equipment and construction has reinforced the positive momentum in infrastructure development,” StanChart noted.
Revenues from operations of the Mactan-Cebu International Airport (MCIA) contributed P431 million. Unlike its local equivalent, the national surtax would be free from political intervention from local officials, which has stunted RPT collections in the past, it added.
The major obstacle in the implementation of the locally imposed taxes on property was political rather than administrative in nature. This indicated that while the growth of collection from property taxes remained very slow compared with economic growth, there was still room for improvement in collections and consequently, increase in revenues. Citing the close link between wealth and real property ownership, “those who have more real properties would be taxed more while those who have less would be taxed less” under the proposal, it added.
Salaveria, director of the US state’s Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism (DBEDT).
In 2015, Hawaii passed a landmark legislation to make Hawaii the first state in the nation to set a 100-percent renewable portfolio standard for the electricity sector.
EDC plans to pursue projects overseas, including opportunities in Latin America and Indonesia. These are coveted by carriers since they improve flight utilization, making the route more profitable. This will enable the Japanese market to travel to Taiwan with ease, comfort and convenience,” PAL president Jaime Bautista said in the statement. This meant that PAL was not allowed to pick up passengers and cargo in Dubai headed to Kuwait.
Rosa BPO and SM Iloilo Tower—are among the key projects in the pipeline to boost the company’s recurring earnings. Rosa were expected to be completed by the fourth quarter of this year while SM Iloilo Tower was slated for completion by the first half of 2017, SMPH said in a regulatory filing that also detailed a retail bond offering worth as much as P10 billion. SMPH operates four core businesses: malls, residential, commercial, and hotel and convention centers. Not only were frescoes of rhinos, horses and lions over 30,000 years old found in a cave in the Ardeche on Dec. Although theya€™re probably right, ita€™s worth noting that these same specialists used similar criteria to ascribe the animals of Chauvet to the same period - until carbon 14 results pushed their age back over 10,000 years, shattering the notion that prehistoric art had evolved linearly, like technologies. In France, the Ministry of Culture placed its new treasure under the most draconian protection, despite the fact that the country already has the lion's share of Paleolithic art. Standing right in front of some of the most spectacular engravings, the Secretary of State for Culture dismissed them as being nothing more than a€?childrena€™s doodlesa€? a€“ whereupon the students from Foz CA?aa€™s high school turned the official into a laughing-stock by presenting him with a schist slab covered with their own scribblings4.
It's now or never, the author of the following article decided in April 1995, as he set out to evaluate the engravings, find out the truth, and propose solutions. My 13-year old son and I had flown to Porto in Portugal and driven far up the Douro valley into the northeastern mountains, prepared to maneuver around obstructions whether by negotiation or hiking through the back door.
Still, here was our first encounter with the powers that be, so I took this opportunity to probe, and get a first step up the hierarchical ladder. So I explained how Sebastian and I had come so far to see the Paleolithic glories that Portugal would be displaying with pride, spoke of credentials, and placed us (and our pen) in his hands. Still, we had our bearings, and drove off into the late afternoon to penetrate the heart of the forbidden zone. We were getting closer, very close now, and could spy loops of a trail among the folds of a distant ridge.
And here too was the arena where one of the greatest feuds between discoverers and custodians of the past had exploded since the conflict between Othniel Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope over the fossils of extinct giants in Sioux territory during Custer's battles.
With swifts swirling in up-drafts around our heads, we scrambled and picked our way among sheer precipices and ledges. Its tight horseshoe of cliffs and rubble made the perfect hiding place for our car and tent from the gray guards roaming the surrounding crests with binoculars. Sebastian snuggled tighter into his sleeping bag, so I set out to reconnoiter alone, systematically working quadrants and contours between our quarry at Fariseu and Piscos brook.
Somewhere among the jumble of a thousand rock faces would be an ancient image - perhaps masked by lichen or so faint one had to trace its parts before seeing it whole. The numbed waters suddenly spangled upstream with glitter and so many flowery white tresses of water plants that the currents looked like sudsy pastures. After all the noisy demonstrations against the dam in Lisbon, how were they to know how much clout a nosy prehistorian might have? Whatever was going to happen to him afterwards in the backwater of Portuguese archaeology had surely been inconsequential, since experience proved that nobody made much fuss over sites that were out-of-sight and out-of-mind - especially with archaeologists beholding to dam-builders and political appointees for access and records. According to the insinuations, he could have continued his documentation right up to the headwaters as his masters worked their way upstream step by step. I sensed that this crowd felt their doctor deserved to be the one to tell fellow archaeologists that they might as well ask to visit Atlantis. Sure enough, there was the 12 year-old Pocinho dam sweeping the valley with a clean curtain.14 But the silos of this former construction site's cement plant were speckled with rust, the ranks of its offices and dormitories were deserted and almost every window was broken. Fortunately, Sebastian was becoming ever more engrossed in Verne's book, spelunking towards the planet's core, so I began to gravitate down halls for exercise and companionship, coming to the door of the room where the secretary was braiding the blind's cord while two laconic draftsmen labored over tracings of horses, ibexes and aurochs. It has been insinuated that Rebanda probably discovered Rock 1 at Canada do Inferno as early as November 1991.18 In Dec. So, quixotically, he had proposed building a dry-dock around the outcropping, and, failing that, underwater exploration. If so, the power utility may have known of incredibly rich sites years before the first blueprint for the new dam!
Clottes was the worlda€™s reigning prehistorian a€“ the man who had risen to the pinnacle of the French archaeological establishment and held the only keys to the holy grail of art caves - the unbelievably strong and ancient Grotte Chauvet. After inspecting the 15% of the art that remained above water at the site in the rising dama€™s shadow, because the EDP had hardly felt it necessary to lower the water for the visit of the foreigner sent by the now antagonistic IPPAR, Clottes stepped before a highly polarized press corps. The dam-builders and their government backers felt vindicated while much of Portuguese public was crestfallen or furious. The dam had become a poisonous political issue in a national election with the President and his fellow Socialists attacking the center-right Prime Minister for its willingness to sacrifice both the nationa€™s patrimony and vineyards to a flaky building scheme. As if the owners of villas built around the new lake would really allow it to be drained 100 meters to its bottom - where almost all of the known panels would soon be drowned a€“ once every decade!
Suddenly, the Portuguese public felt that the dam-builders were not only destroying the nationa€™s most ancient claim to world grandeur and civilization, but that they were in league with a man who would never have been so cavalier with Paleolithic masterpieces in his own country!
When I later asked Portuguese archaeologists if they were going to attend an up-coming conference organized by Clottes, they recoiled. First, because Clottesa€™ retinue of hosts, diplomats and reporters was rushing him and putting him in a bind a€“ even if his stature, pride, and role as UNESCOa€™s expert on rock art had led him into it. They even echoed his faith in getting dam operators to regularly empty the vast lake a€“ despite the glaring evidence of the EDPa€™s behavior at CA?a itself. No sooner had Clottes triggered a public outcry, than he began to explain away his tepid defense of the CA?aa€™s importance by saying that he had not been shown enough art to form a true idea of the valleya€™s richness.35 But the truth is, he was shown Rebandaa€™s trove of drawings from submerged sections and sites upstream36 and could have been more demanding. After all it was a lot of money, the government was inflexible, the controversy had become a campaign issue a€“ which meant that his advice would seem like foreign meddling - and the elections were still far off. When, in fact, the long-term rights for the cave in France would belong to its Ministry of Culture a€“ which was already attacking its discoverer, Chauvet, for the pittance hea€™d received for his pictures. But I could hardly hold my tongue: why on earth had he invited people from this caste of academics back into his life - and the valley - when at least one of them had apparently abused him? The picture was compelling: SimAµes and her husband angelically insisting that the world must be told, while the hireling screamed demonically over the fire, accusing university archaeologists of trying to hog the credit yet again. If Rebanda had known SimAµes and Jaffe were going to paint him into a corner, wouldn't he have raced for the exit? Both Rebanda and SimAµes de Abreu could have been traitors and saviors at once, and as long as I was with this archaeologist, I felt bound to encourage the savior in him. It must have seemed like an insult to him after all his efforts, so with an anarchic gesture, he announced, what the hell, he'd photocopy their fax when it came, so we could enter a second. Huge black derricks hulked atop the dam beside a row of gate-lifting pistons that looked like Big Berthas. We bagged the warning or omen, caught and released a giant water beetle - the kind that injects deliquescing enzymes into living frogs, then sucks out their juice - and worked our way along what was actually the upper tier of a disappearing cliff. When art panels are located in the CA?aa€™s side valleys, they are apparently concentrated on northern slopes. I was a willing guide as we skewered corn kernels on hooks, lashed lines around a log and threw the lethal leashes into the dark. They were a hundred yards apart, making perpetual rounds as they kept time clocks happy by cranking them every few paces with keys chained to the fence. It was probably his first job after military service, but he was intelligent enough to realize that hea€™d been hired as a pawn in a vast conspiracy to keep Portugal's greatest cultural wonders out of sight and out of mind, till they could be obliterated. One, because any plan to remove the friezes not only meant assigning a value to them, but keeping the controversy alive. The mountainous dirt road forked, meandered and even skirted an imposing castle,51 but several classes of children were making the long dusty pilgrimage on foot while carloads of adults in their Sunday best made the excursion to see the only engravings to have escaped the censors - either because the site at Penascosa was so far from Lima Montiero's spyglass or because the valley was gentler here and had always been farmed. I hadn't passed the first olive tree when I happened upon a well-knapped hand-axe, and then another! On-line commentary entitled a€?Some corrections about the CA?a petroglyphsa€? in TRACCE no.
While Chauveta€™s name was given to the cave itself, the names of his co-discoverers were given to two of its large chambers.
Mila SimAµes de Abreu and Ludwig Jaffe were the founders of the APAAR (AssociaA§ao Portuguesa de Arte e Arqueologia Rupestre), which has been a member of IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) since Sept.
In an on-line commentary, Jaffe denounced what he perceived as a continuation of the scandal under new management: a€?In December 1994 IPPAR passed the responsibility for the rock art in the Coa valley to Mario Varela Gomes and Antonio Martinho Baptista. Their critics often subscribe to the doctrine that modern ethnographic evidence cannot be used to interpret ancient cultures. Although Bednarik was one of the earliest crusaders for CA?a - calling for the EDP to stop building the dam in Nov.
The leftist press and Portuguese archaeological milieu reacted with just as much reflection, ignoring both Bednarika€™s qualifiers and his pioneering role in organizing the world campaign to fight for the whole valleya€™s salvation (see Dossier CA?a p. Of the 66 contributions written by individuals, not one is by Nelson Rebanda, whose ghost a€“ to anyone interested in intellectual property a€“ haunts every line. After the CA?a scandal served its purpose as an electoral issue that helped the Socialists to win power, the new government kept its campaign promise by protecting the CA?a Valley but used the goodwill engendered by the decision to blunt criticism while flooding other huge assemblages of rock art. 3; Catherine Vincent, writing in Le Monde on March 11, 1995, goes into much more detail about one particular vineyard, Ervamoira, that would have been lost, along with its exceptional Port wine. The first was to prove that the engravings were not Paleolithic a€“ an effort that entrapped researchers who wanted to apply experimental direct-dating techniques. That Quiboloy would air his disappointment in this way is startling: The two men are so close that Duterte has no qualms admitting that the evangelist regularly buys him shoes, and Quiboloy once said he was ready to lend his private jet gratis so his friend could fly home to Davao from Manila every day if necessary. Barely had the ink dried on the “coalition” agreement that Duterte’s party PDP-Laban had signed with the Nacionalista Party headed by Villar’s father, Manny Villar—the real-estate mogul, former senator and 2010 presidential candidate—than the congressman’s name was announced as the incoming head of the DPWH.
His camp had fanned the expectations of a hopeful public, even those who didn’t vote for him but who quickly came to terms with his victory as the result of a vigorous democracy.
But in all other aspects, his appointment to the DPWH is a troubling throwback to the old-boys-club politics of self-interest and accommodation.
Through the Marxist lens, it is more accurate to cast him as socialist-leaning and a nationalist with an unqualified sympathy for the poor. In short, they serve as key platforms for initiating basic social and economic reforms with socialist paradigms—issues that previous pro-elite regimes failed to address. A negotiated political settlement that will accommodate a progressive agenda opens the possibility of an alliance between Duterte and the Left, which may even solidify his socialist orientation.
The basic social and economic reforms of a Duterte presidency should be grounded where community-based change-movers have long been struggling for grassroots empowerment.
How, indeed, will expected resistance from the elite and diehard anticommunist elements be handled?
The outcome of these talks will shape the final configuration of the coalition government and to what extent Duterte is determined to support it. The curriculum is designed to impress upon learners that they are duty-bound to use and improve their talents and skills for the common good. Singapore’s math and science curriculums are legendary, and its students practically dominate international assessment tests.
I’ll give you all the records, documents and photos that I have [of] martial law,” she said. I’ve seen well-educated professionals sharing these sometimes humorous but poorly researched posts online, without even the benefit of cursory verification. But what remains contentious is how such a sweeping initiative can be sustainably implemented while also tackling its attendant challenges in the short term.
While there is certainly merit in raising these issues, we must keep in mind that fundamental to any significant change are difficulty and confusion (think of the metamorphosis of a caterpillar into a butterfly, or the birth of a child). A range of comprehensive support programs has been developed by government agencies in order to mitigate the adverse impact on labor and to leverage the opportunity to upgrade Philippine higher education.


It is thus inaccurate to say that the government is just willing to leave our teachers languishing during the transition. Moreover, from 461 elementary schools running on three shifts a day in 2011, we now only have 15 such schools in 2014. It is thus critical that we sustain the momentum and guarantee the optimal use of public funds. Salazar and Dylan Dellosa are president and research director, respectively, of the Philippine Business for Education. In fact, AI concludes that “there is no evidence that the death penalty is any more effective in reducing crime than imprisonment.” A most effective deterrent against crime is the certainty of conviction and the effective administration of justice. Examples of prisoners sent to death row and later exonerated demonstrate that in matters of life and death, there is no room for error. It is our hope that our presumptive president-elect comes through with his renewed pledge to show a better example to our young people who are both impressionable and may easily be influenced by leaders who may seem larger than life. Reassurance has been given that no concessions will be made to friends and funders alike as quid pro quo, which remains to be seen. Diokno once put it, we have to address the underlying causes of the conflict, “jobs and justice, food and freedom.” It would also mean redressing historical injustices and ensuring respect for the dignity of the Bangsamoro and lumad  in Mindanao. To silence the guns once and for all after nearly half a century will indeed be a lasting legacy to succeeding generations. He worked with the secretariat of Amnesty International and the London-based peace-building organization, International Alert.
Duterte, tell us how we are to measure the success (or failure) of such an effort.  What will constitute “substantial”?  The number of shoot-to-kill orders carried out? In a unitary system, the central government holds all (or most) of the power, and in a federal system, power is divided between central and local governments.
Now if there are other objectives like staying in power indefinitely, that’s something else. This is 20 points more than the 33 percent of Catholics, 31 percent of Muslims, 30 percent of other Christians, and 32 percent of other religions, that said they decided at that time. But Tolentino would still be out, at 14th.  Thus, the one winning senatorial candidate for whom the INC votes really mattered was Recto. Some say, however, that beyond the clean surroundings of Davao City, there are still dumps. The key to managing our wastes is in valuing all our natural and manmade resources so that nothing will be wasted, everything will have its proper place. For 30 years they have been carrying on a violent, bloody struggle to wrest control of the government, but they have never succeeded and never will they succeed. But, if they accept the offer, the first of its kind in 30 years, the insurgency can be put to an end, and the entire nation will be blessed to enjoy the benefits of true peace and untrammeled opportunities for prosperity. Together with Bangalore-based partner GMR Infrastructure Limited, the group took over operations of the MCIA in November 2014, using the public private partnership (PPP) framework. The anticipated political repercussions to schedule of market values (SMV) revision makes local officials reluctant to support such move,” the NTRC noted.
The department, which is under the Office of the Governor, oversees the Hawaii State Energy Office, which has embarked on a strategic plan to position Hawaii as a proving ground for clean energy technologies.
18th1, but Europea€™s biggest open-air gallery of Paleolithic animals was reported just a month earlier in the CA?a Valley of northeastern Portugal2. Regardless of how old the CA?aa€™s art turns out to be, it is unique in its richness above ground and astonishing in its illustrations of movement - with animals tossing their heads with the same stop-action dynamism found at Chauvet and only millennia later in photography and Futurist painting. The Chauvet Cavea€™s prehistoric bestiary was proudly splashed across magazines around the world. Soon, the guard turned into a regular lad, wrote down the chief engineer's name and pointed beyond the ramp-laced moonscape - into the wilderness. In this walled garden, the conflicting passions of archaeologists had exploded around a campfire, set a president and prime minister against each other, and cowed the emissaries of UNESCO. Lizards skidded into fissures, a rusty blade wedged in a nook beside a sliver of cliff garden spoke of an emigrant who had never returned, but the walls seemed barren.
Over and over again, the scene seemed set, the rock stretched, but its lines were just fractals. I yanked myself up to a platform less than a step wide and a ten-foot long cow - an auroch!
By holding the animal's form and movement vividly in mind, the maker had poured himself into its body and experienced a power beyond abstraction, beyond even tool-making, to thrill to the new power of passing through the looking-glass into another being.
A stream, running pure as its springs over crisp cresses between alternating bull rushes and crags, almost made it to the river unaltered, but met it just below the threshold and sank into an estuary.
We had arrived at Pandemonium and would try to insinuate ourselves into an audience with the Chief Engineer himself. Only one was so spotless and redolent of perks, though, with its rolled lawn incongruous in the desert, that we knew right where to head among forking roads. I was hardly surprised when these well-fed pros passed the buck to the only gaunt and partially toothless fellow traveler among them. So they decided to play it safe by dumping me on their pet nemesis, the organizationa€™s own archaeological a€?hirelinga€?, Dr. He could have added to his hoard of exclusive photos and measurements, imposed interpretations, and generally lorded it over his peers - for who could have naysayed him with his treasures locked a hundred meters deep in so many great watery safes?10 And to think that all the dam-builders' pet archaeologist and his accommodating superiors at the Portuguese Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IPPAR)11 in Lisbon - to whom Rebanda had reported his discoveries at least twice12 - had had to do to pull off this economically patriotic (not to say mutually beneficial) stunt was keep their mouths shut! After having suffered at the hands of his mentor, Professor Jorge, why had Rebanda put himself at the mercy of two similar academics and representatives of an international body to boot - Mila SimAµes de Abreu and her archaeologist husband, Ludwig Jaffe, who represented the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO)? At least such nuisances would keep him from getting up to more mischief by turning up new discoveries. But, finally, a secretary answered my summons and let me into a vestibule empty except for a display of postcard-sized photographs of some of the engravings, and a cartoon caricaturing the scandal - which I reckoned had been knowingly posted to co-opt criticism. I couldn't quite make out the man's features through the crack, but it was obvious he was gushing recriminations - and no wonder: the entire archaeological profession had ganged up on the pariah.
We all knew I had crossed a threshold, but, after all, I had paid my dues, and in any case, I padded off to the foyer again. Yet they'd prattled to the press that they had found the art a year ago, and then more like two years ago, and now, word had it, a€?onlya€? three years ago25 - when it was always somehow too late to stop the process leading up to construction, which had only started in September a€™94.26 The gall! Instantly, I whipped out paper and scribbled the fastest copy of the main map that my hand could draw.
After SimAµes de Abreu and Jaffe had unleashed the scandal by revealing the conspiracy to flood Europea€™s richest assemblage of open-air Paleolithic art, the IPPAR and Portuguese Ministry of Culture had scrambled to get their own expert witness a€“ and, in a further twist, had asked UNESCO to recommend an expert to challenge the power companya€™s growing efforts to prove the art wasna€™t Paleolithic but recent27 a€“ in which case, the EDP seemed to think that the public would drop the subject as being the relatively recent work of peasants drawing their cows. For all their heightened sensitivity to having CA?aa€™s fate evaluated by a foreigner, the Portuguese press viewed Clottes as a referee and expected a verdict. Then, as fate would have it, Clottes was back in the headlines within the week, announcing drastic measures to protect Francea€™s new crown jewel, Chauvet. And as if anyone could even find new art during the two weeks a lake might be emptied (every hundred years) while everything was coated with algae and grime! Opposition editorialists had a field day with Clottesa€™ apparent hypocrisy and dismissiveness towards Portugal - and demonstrators flooded the streets. Two, because people are often driven to produce their greatest work and worst mistakes by similar drives. Rebanda was even fooling himself on this score, I thought - after all, the Foz CA?a photographs would probably end up belonging to Portugala€™s own ministry or even the EDP. Scientists - like lawyers - ply an adversarial trade, but the chance to put Portugal into the archaeological heavens a€“ and to boost their own reputations with it - had given many researchers more ulterior motives than usual. Personally, I couldn't see anybody bedding down for the night and traipsing out the next morning with people who had announced that they were going to expose him. In essence, my heart a€“ if not my mind - had taken his side for the moment; he was the underdog, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and I was concerned that he might even attempt suicide. If I didn't mind coming back at 9 the next morning, he apologized, the approval should be there. But basically the dam was a streamlined machine without much need for local intervention or maintenance. My unequivocal certification of their global importance only made him uneasier, as he didn't know whether to feel flattered or upset. We peered into a dovecot, a squat white tower lined inside with empty compartments like a city after a plague.
Suddenly, a deeply hammered auroch on the rock stood out boldly as a road sign - alerting us to an entire herd. The geology, erosion, & silica skins protecting engravings all seem similar on both slopes, so I theorize that this positioning is not simply a taphonomic illusion created by the disappearance of engravings on the southern slopes.
I wasn't expecting anything when I ambled down at dawn, but there it was: a big mound under the bank!
From what I could tell, even his draftsmen had decided to take the day off 49, once they realized the coast was clear. By God, I thought, if the flooders don't save them, I hope the townspeople storm the valley! If the guards hadn't been under strict orders not to sell admissions, they'd have made a killing; but then any financial association with the art is anathema to the dammers: the next thing they knew, they'd have a revolt on their hands! And like the first guard, when he realized that I had somehow gotten authorization despite my evident opposition to the reservoir, he let out his pent-up indignation - for we were insiders. As we passed the threshold between the deadened depths and virgin current with its billowing water-foliage, we had to skirt and climb over a sheer wall blocking the side-valleya€™s entrance.
The intertwined couple, spanning the length of a single real horse, was still necking in Eden after twenty millennia. Rock Art and the CA?a Valley Archaeological Park: A case study in the preservation of Portugal's prehistoric parietal heritage.
Although it is true that one must be extremely circumspect about doing so, such evidence often opens new perspectives that have more in common with the subsistence systems of ancient cultures than does our own, and the two authors showed considerable originality and courage in exploring it. 1994 - most Portuguese archaeologists with access to the CA?a sites now shun him as thoroughly as they do Clottes and Rebanda. 539, for a resolution, written in defense of CA?a, by Bednarik, in a book filled with vitriole against him). These retractions confirmed that some of ZilhA?oa€™s criticisms of the direct dating attempts were well founded, but dona€™t necessarily reflect on other matters raised in his disputes with Bednarik and Jaffe. In the English sections, Jorge generously credits numerous associates and generations of Portuguese prehistorians by full name, while studiously avoiding any mention of Rebanda except where it is unavoidable, and then only with his last name between brackets. The second was to make casts of panels for a museum a€“ which may have damaged some panels.
It doesn’t take much in real terms to win back your ex than a nice gift bent on knees and a promise of not repeating the mistake again. The arrangement came off as naked quid pro quo: the Villar-led NP pledging to support the fledgling administration in seeming return for a powerful government post that happens to have enormous implications on the Villars’ family business.
The C-5 controversy—a multibillion-peso highway project said to have been redesigned, at huge extra cost, to benefit the Villars’ housing projects—doomed his father’s presidential candidacy; now, his conflicted appointment will only cast a shadow at the very dawn of the Duterte presidency. These are the change forces that no Cabinet secretaries or political and business supporters of Duterte can promise. Garcia’s “Filipino First” policy that is now enshrined in Article XI, Section 9 of the 1987 Constitution and on the Oil Deregulation Law in Grade 9, and discussions on same-sex marriage, the Reproductive Health Law and political dynasties in Grade 10.
Similarly, the DepEd’s voucher program ensures that all 3.9 million junior high school finishers will have equitable access to SHS in 2016, regardless of their school of origin. Moreover, the proposed medieval practice of hanging desensitizes people, reflecting the barbaric methods that were condemned in the past.
To move the struggle from the field of battle into the parliamentary arena will remove guns out of politics, leading to a future truly different from the past. He taught political science at the University of the Philippines and Ateneo de Manila, and now works at Far Eastern University Diliman.
He also asserts that our presidential, unitary form of government has led to unequal distribution of wealth. So does that mean he ultimately wants a federal, parliamentary form of government, as opposed to our current unitary, presidential?
The head of government (there are exceptions) is generally chosen among the legislators, and so is the Cabinet.  Hence my dismay. While a large part of the country suffers from the heat, some parts are experiencing heavy rains and floods. We know that we have “killed” some dumps and that we have set up instead barangay ecology centers for segregation at source (households and establishments), composting, and recycling.
And he must really have such a fertile imagination to even think that the Liberal Party or specifically, Leni Robredo, cheated him while he was in sweet slumber after garnering a sizable lead in the early hours ofthe count.
Their struggle has only resulted in countless deaths and suffering on both their side and government’s, without sparing civilians. While the paintings in the French cave, which became known as the Grotte Chauvet, often have engraved contours, the Portuguese menagerie may also have been painted, but, being outdoors, their pigments have usually weathered away.
As shadows welled from the valley, we turned from the scarps and trundled downwards into the cleavage, till the road turned into a path to the water through a profusion of poppies.
Finally, I discerned a flock ambling down through dry brush, then a shirt flashed a white dot, and we converged within hailing distance on opposite banks. Even ideal panels on either side of a fig tree bulging titanically from a small cave were barren.
A stand of poplar trees crackled like Chinese New Year with small birds, abundant as leaves. It was a good thing we had his name, Lima Monteiro, because the Securitas guard on this side meant business. Our compact car slid in among Mercedes and I stepped into glare, drawing cool stares from fleshy faces. My interlocutor explained that the Chief Engineer was powerless to help me, so he couldn't be bothered to give me an audience. Of course, the stories went, the honorable witnesses had refused to become accomplices and had immediately denounced the whole plot a€“ writing open letters to the Portuguese President, Vice President and Director of IPPAR - with carbon copies for the press.13 If only his employers had known that Rebanda was so naive! She announced that it was no use disturbing the doctor, who I could see through a jarred door talking to someone over the phone with peevish vehemence. Finally, I suggested that she didn't need to keep me company while I waited for the good doctor to get off the phone. That's strange, I thought as I wandered off again, mulling over a mental photograph of the site distribution. And here were others, even closer to the construction site, at "RA?go de Vide", which had been submerged by the same old dam!
Still, she caught me; whereupon I went on elaborating it, asking questions, and then padded back to the foyer again to continue my vigil. After all, the archaeologists and reporters had allowed the Tagus petrogylphs to be drowned with hardly a whimper. Not only did the contrast with his actions in Portugal now smack of a double standard, but there was a piquant irony. With stakes this high, both parties unleashed their opinion-making machines, making hash of Clottesa€™ carefully weighed words as quickly as theya€™d vilified Rebanda. Clottesa€™ words may have been earnest, but with stakes this high and politicized they were about as reasonable as Pontius Pilatea€™s attempts to keep the peace.
I prefer to think the latter, and that his only mistake was thinking that people on both sides were lucid and reflective enough to interpret his verdict correctly.
In Rebanda's place, I'd have calmed down and let the traitors fall to sleep, but then I'd have snuck away - trekking fast through the dark, picking myself up when I fell, but getting out - bloody knees and all - and calling that alarm first!
Furthermore, I had no doubt - whatever pacts he'd struck - that he would make up for them if only approached constructively. After we'd faxed it, I was sorry to see him having to still recall and refax, as he nudged the request repeatedly through the unyielding bureaucracy. Sebastian and I scrambled and tacked among the carious cliffs, till there was nothing left but rock overhanging the water itself.
But a huge horse, leaning over the depths, was both more graceful and cryptic, for someone had wedged a rusty horseshoe into a crack between its hooves.
No sooner had I chipped the thin device and steadily shoved each curve straight, than the hook slipped smoothly free. Only Rebanda's long-suffering secretary had to keep her post and occupied herself by taking up the relay of calling and faxing. These red and gray devices were not only customized to match the guards' uniforms, but showed off the latest in high-tech materials and molding. As we wound our way down towards the reservoir among towering red cliffs, he took quiet pride in pointing out the hidden elements of scattered engravings. But then Piscos Brook ran between trees, pastures and cane-groves, with cliffs full of shelters and stone panels at each bend. La Pintura, The Official Newsletter of the American Rock Art Research Association (Member of IFRAO) Volume 21, Number 3, Winter. In the same book, which Jorge compiled to record the campaign he was spear-heading to save CA?a a€“ a laudatory effort, if there ever was one, that made Jorge synonymous with yet another of Rebandaa€™s finds - Bednarik is repeatedly dismissed as a a€?charlatana€? (pp. Jaffe accused the trio, who had taken over responsibility for the archaeological resources of the valley, of endangering art panels and refusing to allow qualified foreign researchers or even Dr. Whatever the case may be, the problem of rock art conservation is still as far from resolution in Portugal as it is in most other places in the world. Alan Peter Cayetano, Duterte’s running mate in the election, lobbied for Villar to get the post instead of the trade and industry portfolio for which he had been initially eyed. The progressive movement can, and a reform agenda needs a strong and nationwide mass movement as a political backbone and development force. When they go abroad to study engineering, information technology and healthcare, they do so because they can bring back their world-class competencies for the benefit of national businesses and industries. This is why we need to talk about K-to-12’s early hurdles, if only to show that they do not warrant giving up the fight for a better basic education system for our youth. All that remains, where jagged outcroppings of schist jut from brushy slopes - exposing terminal facets perfect for murals - are hauntingly sinuous outlines of deer, horses, ibexes, and wild cattle called aurochs. The first flurry of press articles had mentioned that many of the engravings were already submerged by the cofferdam holding the river back for the more monstrous wall rising downstream from it. I sent greetings and the shepherd expostulated and gestured animatedly upstream towards towering slabs. For me, all of mankind's later accomplishments, all our later experience of good and evil only become possible after such art.
The irrelevant exchange had sparked sympathy as we both waited - and waited, in similar irrelevance to someone too consumed to give us heed. I would have to go to Lisbon, and no, it wouldn't do any good for him to fax; he didn't have an iota of authority. Despite all the insinuations about Rebanda and IPPAR, they were actually the first to try blocking the philistines with the clout of an institution as important as UNESCO. About thirty years before, Francea€™s equivalent to the EDP had taken the entire Ardeche Gorge, where the Chauvet Cave had just been found, from its entrance at Sauze to a rainbow-huge, natural arch - Vallon Pont da€™Arc, next to Chauvet - by eminent domain, to build a dam. These conscientious people know that theya€™re barely tolerated by the forces of Mammon - scraping crumbs from the tables of vast enterprises armed with dynamite and bulldozers - and make compacts all the time with them, telling themselves, for instance, that the alluvial strata that cement plants exploit are always too tumbled to contain intact Acheulian hearths.
If only he'd announced the discovery, co-opted his employers, and splashed masterpieces across magazine covers while the art's existence was still fresh, he might have won honor, fame, a very small fortune (and maybe even kept his job). Within weeks, local academics had begun signing their names to Rebandaa€™s discoveries, tracings, and interpretations while forgetting to cite him. I'd have been the one to announce the existence of the largest gathering of open-air Paleolithic engravings in Europe to the world. Slate slabs, thoughtfully laid into a wall as steps, led down through a canopy of fig trees into a cavernous wallow between cliffs.
I woke Sebastian in time to see the beast lumber over the bank and glide away, and then it was high time we checked out our other line at the doctor's office.
Noon passed as we still waited together like an old couple, talking about the doctor's misery, Australian rock art, translations; whatever. The guards stiffened as Sebastian and I had the gumption to breach a forbidden zone and stride blithely forward. There were so many warblers piping and whistling, there must have been a dozen species with overlapping territories. Botha€? - Baptista and Gomes a€“ a€?were closely involved in the rationale to submerge the rock art (to 'protect it from vandals'); in fact, on 8 November Baptista spoke of how sedimentation behind dams should protect rock arta€? - my italics.
After our departure, Bednarik and three other researchers (Alan Watchman from Canada, plus Fred Phillips and Ronald Dorn from the USA), who believed that they had found ways to date rock art directly, studied some of the CA?aa€™s engravings during separate visits. 1995 that was led by Mounir Bouchenaki, the IPPAR formed a scientific committee consisting of Antonio BeltrA?n, Emmanuel Anati and Jean Clottes, who came back for a second round.
Realization: One of the most important things that you could do in order to win your ex back is to make the person realize that you still care for them.
The jailing of Jojo Binay (you promised he would be the first one you would go after, remember)? Is the parliamentary form of government his actual objective, and he is only hiding behind federalism? And so, forgive me, but in comparison to these ancient windows, cathedrals seem to have anti-climatic and overwrought power. Except for the absence now of bigger species, this was how Solutreans had experienced the world - with whistling, mooing, barking, roaring and trumpeting not just on the Serengeti, but to the frozen north! So much will go unrecorded because of all this fuss.a€? a€“ So, Rebanda is resigned to the inevitability of the flooding, I thought.
If the dam had been built, a dozen known art caves would have been flooded or affected by rising water tables. So rather than condemn Clottes, perhaps the Portuguese should simply admit his diplomacy opened the debate, even if one might wish that hea€™d been a crusader.
From Chauveta€™s pinnacle, its gatekeeper was probably right to dismiss the scratchings, which I too thought could have been the kneading of bears, but the contrast between the levels of encouragement was striking. Although they granted him the discovery of Hella€™s Canyon (in footnotes), other sites that Rebanda had already noted were soon claimed by competitors as Rebanda was effectively silenced.
And Vitor and his wife, Susanaa€? - was it my imagination or did her name stick in his craw?
Their stingy hypocrisy and philistinism revolted me: they wouldn't spend a penny on protecting such discoveries, but they'd drown the world up to its headwaters to keep driving Mercedes. Goldfinches sparked into the air, a crested hoopoo flashed orange and black, and the shaggy canes were a tumult of avian chatter. Jaffe was also the IFRAO representative of the SocietA  Cooperativa Archaeologica, Le Orme della€™Uomo, Italy (Bednarik 1994). But not before signing controversial non-disclosure agreements with the EDP, which was hoping that their techniques would yield dates so recent that they could be used to ridicule stylistic daters who had identified the engravings as Paleolithic (Baptista & Fernandes 2007, p.
Will we have three states (Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao), or five, or seven, or 11, or 15, or 80?
Poverty will worsen and those who would resort to robbery, theft, drug pushing, murder and the like will only grow in number. Intermittent splashes smacked echoes off the walls, a frog croaked and some beast keened a cry we had never heard. When I asked if they could intercede on our behalf, she said one had to apply in person, in Lisbon, and have connections. In fact, paw prints indicated that we had missed cornering another feral dog or fox in its lair. Surgically, it was a nightmare: I'd have to pry its head out, keep its neck extended, wedge open its powerful beak and finally thrust the treble barbs down its throat, so as to carefully extract their burr, without snagging them again!
Finally, they agreed that one of them would walk parallel to us, down the fence-line, to let us in the distant gate. At our feet, frogs skipped like pebbles and painted turtles rowed earnestly in tangled water blossoms - all for the taking. Unless you and I and all of us together add our voices to those of the Portuguese citizenry trekking down for a last look, and reclaim what is OURS! The story of the denunciation is from Bednarik (1994) and Simons in the New York Times (1994). Even the Chauvet Cave, which was unknown, might have been threatened by the changing water table! Unfortunately, Bednarik, who is one of the worlda€™s most encyclopedically informed, accomplished, and bold prehistorians, walked right into the trap.
Jorgea€™s utter dismissal of Bednarik was clearly motivated by the lattera€™s implicit condemnation of the way that Jorge had appropriated Rebandaa€™s earlier discovery at Mazouco, instigating Rebandaa€™s secrecy that was one component of the CA?a a€?cover-upa€? (Bednarik 1994, p. Later, Bednarik spear-headed another campaign to save a Portuguese rock-art assemblage from inundation a€“ this time behind a dam in the Guadiana Valley - and noted that a€?None of this helps the rock art of the Guadiana, condemned to inundation under billions of tonnes of lake sediment as the reservoir silts up over the next 70 yearsa€? a€“ again, my italics. Do you think I'm such a fool as to invite the man who deprived me of the credit for my first discovery, to come see my greatest wonders if it wasn't because I needed all the allies I could get; if it wasn't because I even needed the universities to help save them. Ironically, the mandarin in Porto would come out smelling like roses for his campaign while the roles of several well-meaning prehistorians, if I may insist upon the word, were simplified so as to make them better scapegoats. But a parliamentary form of government will mean no more term limits, more political dynasties, and more chances to keep feudalism alive and well. First, because his dating system, which was based on determining the degree of micro-erosion undergone by a rock face, had been developed in Australia, where climate and geological conditions are different from Portugala€™s. In other words, it will mean the triumph of  trapos  and their kin, the  buwayas  who have impoverished our country. This odd statement flies in the face of Bednarika€™s consistent defense of both the CA?aa€™s art and other assemblages, suggesting that it was a ploy to get the EDP to allow them to test their methods. Even though both men concluded that their observations proved that the art was no older than the Neolithic, Bednarik did not repeat the notion, when announcing his results, that a relatively recent vintage diminished the arta€™s importance or the need to protect it a€“ quite the contrary.
Don’t spy: Majority of the people commit this basic mistake and end up irritating the ex all the more.
This is the most gravest of follies and only adds up to more tensions between the two persons than helping out in some way. No blackmailing: Majority of the guys in particular lose out their respect in eyes of the girl once they decide to blackmail them for the intimate time she spent with him during their relationship. It not only negates all the possible chances of re-union, but also terminates any chance of winning over the girl in future as she would be well aware about your motives. Don’t find a replacement too soon: Don’t go for a replacement with a thought in mind that if your ex doesn’t care why should you?
This could only backfire in the long run, especially if the new story too ends the same way. Admit your mistake: In case you are really serious about the matter and can’t afford to live without your ex, then try to arrange a meeting at the earliest possible. The only agenda behind the meeting should be to admit your follies that led to strain in relations and vow in front of the ex not to repeat the mistake again. It is a master stroke and especially if you are a guy who wants to win over your girl again.
However, the promise should be genuine; otherwise it won’t take long to land you in the soup again.



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Comments to 10 ways to win your ex boyfriend back

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