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LE-JIT KDKA PITTBIRD LE JIT LA GIT LA-GIT LE-GIT LA-JIT 412-313-3080 PIRATES STEELERS PENGUINS BIRDKITE BIRD-KITE BIRD KITE Katherine B.
On behalf of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas, I welcome you to the Washington County Court of Common Pleas website. Our biggest design enhancement is the addition of four (4) web portal pages which are geared towards the concentration of content related to our most prolific user populations of the Courts. The NAACP bestows the annual Image Awards for achievement in the arts and entertainment, and the annual Spingarn Medals for outstanding positive achievement of any kind, on deserving black Americans. The NAACP's headquarters is in Baltimore, with additional regional offices in California, New York, Michigan, Colorado, Georgia, Texas and Maryland.[6] Each regional office is responsible for coordinating the efforts of state conferences in the states included in that region.
In 1905, a group of thirty-two prominent African-American leaders met to discuss the challenges facing people of color and possible strategies and solutions. This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. The Race Riot of 1908 in Abraham Lincoln's hometown of Springfield, Illinois, had highlighted the urgent need for an effective civil rights organization in the U.S.
On May 30, 1909, the Niagara Movement conference took place at New York City's Henry Street Settlement House, from which an organization of more than 40 individuals emerged, calling itself the National Negro Committee.
The conference resulted in a more influential and diverse organization, where the leadership was predominantly white and heavily Jewish American. According to Pbs.org "Over the years Jews have also expressed empathy (capability to share and understand another's emotion and feelings) with the plight of Blacks. As a member of the Princeton chapter of the NAACP, Albert Einstein corresponded with Du Bois, and in 1946 Einstein called racism "America's worst disease".[21][22] Du Bois continued to play a pivotal role in the organization and served as editor of the association's magazine, The Crisis, which had a circulation of more than 30,000. An African American drinks out of a segregated water cooler designated for "colored" patrons in 1939 at a streetcar terminal in Oklahoma City. In its early years, the NAACP concentrated on using the courts to overturn the Jim Crow statutes that legalized racial segregation.
The NAACP began to lead lawsuits targeting disfranchisement and racial segregation early in its history. In 1916, when the NAACP was just seven years old, chairman Joel Spingarn invited James Weldon Johnson to serve as field secretary. The NAACP devoted much of its energy during the interwar years to fighting the lynching of blacks throughout the United States by working for legislation, lobbying and educating the public.
The NAACP also spent more than a decade seeking federal legislation against lynching, but Southern white Democrats voted as a block against it or used the filibuster in the Senate to block passage. In alliance with the American Federation of Labor, the NAACP led the successful fight to prevent the nomination of John Johnston Parker to the Supreme Court, based on his support for denying the vote to blacks and his anti-labor rulings. The organization also brought litigation to challenge the "white primary" system in the South. The board of directors of the NAACP created the Legal Defense Fund in 1939 specifically for tax purposes. With the rise of private corporate litigators like the NAACP to bear the expense, civil suits became the pattern in modern civil rights litigation.
The NAACP's Baltimore chapter, under president Lillie Mae Carroll Jackson, challenged segregation in Maryland state professional schools by supporting the 1935 Murray v.
Locals viewing the bomb-damaged home of Arthur Shores, NAACP attorney, Birmingham, Alabama, on September 5, 1963.
The campaign for desegregation culminated in a unanimous 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. The State of Alabama responded by effectively barring the NAACP from operating within its borders because of its refusal to divulge a list of its members. New organizations such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) rose up with different approaches to activism.
The NAACP continued to use the Supreme Court's decision in Brown to press for desegregation of schools and public facilities throughout the country. By the mid-1960s, the NAACP had regained some of its preeminence in the Civil Rights Movement by pressing for civil rights legislation.
In 1993 the NAACP's Board of Directors narrowly selected Reverend Benjamin Chavis over Reverend Jesse Jackson to fill the position of Executive Director. In 1996 Congressman Kweisi Mfume, a Democratic Congressman from Maryland and former head of the Congressional Black Caucus, was named the organization's president. In the second half of the 1990s, the organization restored its finances, permitting the NAACP National Voter Fund to launch a major get-out-the-vote offensive in the 2000 U.S.
During the 2000 Presidential election, Lee Alcorn, president of the Dallas NAACP branch, criticized Al Gore's selection of Senator Joe Lieberman for his Vice-Presidential candidate because Lieberman was Jewish.
Alcorn, who had been suspended three times in the previous five years for misconduct, subsequently resigned from the NAACP and started his own organization called the Coalition for the Advancement of Civil Rights. Alcorn's remarks were also condemned by the Reverend Jesse Jackson, Jewish groups and George W.
The Internal Revenue Service informed the NAACP in October 2004 that it was investigating its tax-exempt status based on Julian Bond's speech at its 2004 Convention in which he criticized President George W.
As the American LGBT rights movement gained steam after the Stonewall riots of 1969, the NAACP became increasingly affected by the movement to suppress or deny rights to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. This aspect of the NAACP came into existence in 1936 and now is made of over 600 groups and totaling over 30,000 individuals.
In 2003, NAACP President and CEO, Kweisi Mfume, appointed Brandon Neal, the National Youth and College Division Director.[46] Currently, Stefanie L. Since 1978 the NAACP has sponsored the Afro-Academic, Cultural, Technological and Scientific Olympics (ACT-SO) program for high school youth around the United States. When right-wing media maven Andrew Breitbart publicized a maliciously edited video of a speech at a NAACP-sponsored Georgia event by USDA worker Shirley Sherrod, the mainstream press recycled his libel without properly vetting it, and the organization itself piled on without properly checking what had happened.[48] NAACP president and CEO has since apologized.
21.Jump up ^ Fred Jerome, Rodger Taylor (2006), Einstein on Race and Racism, Rutgers University Press, 2006. 22.Jump up ^ Warren Washington (2007), Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents. 30.Jump up ^ AJCongress on Statement by NAACP Chapter Director on Lieberman, American Jewish Congress (AJC), August 9, 2000. 33.Jump up ^ "President Bush addresses the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's (NAACP) national convention" (video). 37.Jump up ^ "Election Year Activities and the Prohibition on Political Campaign Intervention for Section 501(c)(3) Organizations". National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Region 1 Photograph Collection, ca. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply.
In 1987, Bishop Zubik was appointed Administrative Secretary to then-Pittsburgh Bishop Anthony J.
In 1995, he was named Associate General Secretary and Chancellor of the Diocese of Pittsburgh, and on January 1, 1996, became Vicar General and General Secretary—a position in which he served until his appointment to the Diocese of Green Bay. Bishop Zubik was consecrated a bishop on April 6, 1997, at Saint Paul Cathedral and was appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Pittsburgh. FEBRUARY 10Louise Markve will tell us about the work of the Unitarian Universalist Service Committee (UUSC). The UUSC and UUA have opened a joint relief fund to aid the survivors of the earthquake in Haiti.
Duncan Fowler, chair of our Outreach Committee, with input from the Steering Committee, has sent out a survey to BUUF members and friends.
A crew of 11 BUUF members (Duncan Fowler, Jim Gabrielson and granddaughter Grace, Louise Markve, Luke Markve, Merrill Martin, Polly Oa€™Brien, Marie Smith, Betty Waldhauer and Jack Waldhauer under the direction of Corinne Miller) volunteered Saturday, January 30, to clean the Buffalo Food Shelf. Jim Gabrielson, our Social Action chairperson, reported that in 2009 he and Richard Dean delivered about 15,000 pounds of food from local grocers to Horizons Unlimited Food Shelf, a project of the Division of Indian Work. Remember a€“ your annual BUUF dues of $50 must be paid by April in order to vote at the annual meeting in May!
Someone once said that being successful in making resolutions requires three things: write it down, break it into small steps, and tell everyone what you intend to accomplish. January 27Our regular business meeting was just loaded with interesting information and comments. We also started to discuss the differences between philosophy and religion, but we ran out of time! This is the biennial conference that gathers together UUs from around the USA, and it will be held in Minneapolis this year. Pointing to the yellow rotary phone on the wall, he asked, a€?Whata€™s that?a€? I picked up the receiver and explained how you put your finger in whatever numbered hole you want to dial. The Buffalo Community Center is at 206 Central Avenue (Highway 25, directly across from the Post Office).
We welcome everyone to our group, whatever your race, ethnic origin, religious perspective, sexual orientation, political philosophy, or economic condition.
Randal Howard "Rand" Paul (born January 7, 1963) is an American physician and politician from Kentucky.
Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Paul attended Baylor University and is a graduate of the Duke University School of Medicine. Randal Howard Paul[7] was born on January 7, 1963, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Carol (nee Wells) and Ron Paul. In 1995, Paul passed the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO) boards on his first attempt and earned board-certification under the ABO for 10 years. Prior to this, in 1992, the ABO had changed their certification program, which had previously awarded lifetime certifications, instead requiring doctors to recertify every 10 years. By Paul’s estimate, about 50 or 60 doctors were certified by the NBO.[29] The NBO was incorporated in 1999, but Paul allowed it to be dissolved in 2000 when he did not file the required paperwork with the Kentucky Secretary of State's office.
In February 2014, Paul joined the Tea Party-affiliated conservative advocacy group FreedomWorks in filing a class-action lawsuit charging that the federal government's bulk collection of Americans' phone records metadata is a violation of the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. At the beginning of 2009, there was movement by political supporters of his father to draft Paul in a bid to replace beleaguered Republican Kentucky senator Jim Bunning.
On May 1, 2009, Paul officially confirmed that if Bunning, whose fundraising in 2009 matched his poor numbers in opinion polling for the 2010 election,[57] declined to seek a third term, he would almost certainly run in the Republican Party primary to succeed him,[58] and formed an exploratory committee soon after, while still promising to stay out of the race if Bunning ultimately decided to run for reelection.
On July 28, 2009, Bunning announced that he would not run for reelection in the face of insufficient fundraising.
Although Grayson was considered the frontrunner in July 2009,[68] Paul found success characterizing Grayson as a "career politician" and challenging Grayson's conservatism. On March 2, Paul was one of nine senators to vote against a stopgap bill that cut $4 billion from the budget and temporarily prevent a government shutdown, saying that it did not cut enough from the budget.[91] One week later, he voted against the Democratic and Republican budget proposals to keep funding the federal government, saying that both bills did not cut enough spending. On March 6–7, 2013, Paul engaged in a filibuster to delay voting on the nomination of John O. In response to Detroit's declaration of bankruptcy, Paul stated he would not allow the government to attempt to bail out Detroit. In October 2013, Paul was the subject of some controversy when it was discovered that he had plagiarized from Wikipedia part of a speech in support of Virginia gubernatorial candidate Ken Cuccinelli. In response to political turmoil in Ukraine in early 2014, Paul initially said that the US should remain mindful of the fact that although the Cold War is over, Russia remains a military power with long-range nuclear missiles. In response to reports that the CIA infiltrated the computers of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Paul called for the firing of CIA Director John O.
Paul was considered a potential candidate for the Republican nomination for the Presidency of the United States since at least January 2013.[138] He delivered the Tea Party response to President Barack Obama's State of the Union address on February 13, 2013,[139] while Marco Rubio gave the official Republican response. In a speech at the GOP Freedom Summit in April 2014, Paul insisted that the GOP has to broaden its appeal in order to grow as a party. Rand Paul at the launch of his Presidential campaign at the Galt House Hotel in Louisville, Kentucky, on April 7, 2015. A supporter of the Tea Party movement,[162][163] Paul has described himself as a "constitutional conservative".[164] He is generally described as a libertarian, a term he both embraced[165] and rejected[166] during his first Senate campaign. Rand opposes all forms of gun control as a violation of Second Amendment rights, including provisions of the Patriot Act.[187] His advocacy of personal property rights includes introducing House Bill S. In February 2015, Paul suggested that states should not require parents to vaccinate their children because parents should have the freedom to make that decision for their children.
Jump up ^ "Rand Paul's Doctor Credentials Questioned for Lacking Top Board's Certification". Jump up ^ "Legislators Honored as Anti-Tax 'Heroes' But Several Honorees Recently Voted for Tax". Jump up ^ Jack Brammer Senate ads trade barbs on defense Lexington Herald Leader February 27. Jump up ^ "More raw video: Rand Paul sits down with Joe Arnold to address recent controversial statements". Jump up ^ "Rand Paul: 'Big Government's Not A Friend To Those Who Are Trying To Get Ahead'". Jump up ^ "Tea party State of the Union 2013 rebuttal: Rand Paul response (full text, video)". Jump up ^ "Rand Paul says America has a 'moral crisis' when it comes to gay marriage - Christian News on Christian Today". Jump up ^ "Rand Paul No-Show at Senate Vaccine Hearing In The Wake Of Controversial Comments". Oh, that's right, JFK actually DID get a bullet in the head (from the FED's Sicilian Mafia). ACTUALLY DIED AT AGH, WHICH OF COURSE THEY ACCOMPLISHED (even though Canonsburg General Hospital is the rehab's NEXT DOOR NEIGHBOR!). From our perspective, the cloud is now a tried and tested infrastructure environment that is acceptable to the institutional investor community. Where managers need to spend their time is deciding on the best cloud provider to work with, as opposed to thinking about whether or not they should use a cloud provider in the first place.
There are clear indicators to look for and expect from a cloud services provider with whom you wish to entrust your firm's technology lifeblood. When entering into a new partnership, you want to feel confident that the other side understands you and appreciates your unique qualities. One of the great benefits to leveraging an outsourced cloud provider is that it checks off an important box on your task list. We're all concerned about the potential for a security breach to wreak havoc in a business setting, and preventing such an occurrence is not an easy feat. The typical auto-reply includes a brief explanation of why the recipient is out of the office, an approximate date of return and who the sender can alternatively contact.
Auto-replies that disclose travel details pose a physical threat as they provide criminals or intruders with the recipient’s whereabouts. Perhaps this person is the safeguard to financial records, or a security officer at the company’s front entrance. Out-of-office notifications enable attackers to expand their reconnaissance of an organization. Cybercriminals can target the alternate contact provided in the automatic response for a spear-phishing campaign, which typically involves an email, IM or text message requesting you to verify information by clicking on a link or completing a form.
Following is an example of the type of phishing or imposter emails that enter employees’ inboxes.
Paul defined cybersecurity and scalability as two primary technology considerations for new managers. Paul continued to place emphasis on customized IT, stating that when it comes to outsourcing, it is imperative that a firm carries out proper due diligence in choosing a provider to meet the firm’s unique needs. In addressing the SEC’s increasing cyber expectations, Paul noted the importance of having a Written Information Security Plan (WISP) in place. In addition to WISP development and implementing additional policies (Access Control, Personal Information Security, Incident Response, etc.), and, of course, employing layers of security across infrastructure, employee awareness and training is the last critical piece of the puzzle. Paul concluded by describing the five most common mistakes new launches make during the start-up phase, and how to avoid them.
You haven’t fully considered the multiple roles technology plays in your current work environment. At the heart of authentication is controlling access to ensure individuals only access the information they need. As part of Information Security Planning, firms should also identify applications, services or websites that require at least one level of authentication (e.g.
Knowledge based, which centers on something you know such as a password or answer to a security question. Possession based, which is linked to something you have such as a cryptocard, mobile device or ATM card. Speaking of a second authenticator, multi-factor authentication is established by requiring two of the above factors.
Putting a specific two-factor authentication product in the spotlight, Eze Castle Integration has added Duo, a two-factor authentication tool, to our Eze Managed Suite offering to provide an added layer of security and protection. With Duo, users leverage their smartphones for authentication, eliminating the need to carry extra devices, like tokens, fobs and key cards. But there is another trap you should be wary of, and that’s the one hackers are setting for you right now. A cyber attacker will send you a message that appears to be from a reliable source, prompting you to open it.
In traditional phishing, cyber criminals send out messages to millions of users trying to infect as many users as possible. Many firms create a 10-20-page written information security plan that formalizes the definitions and policies that govern the creation, access, and deletion of confidential information and computing services. Regulatory Risks – Following the right security practices will enable you to achieve clean audits from industry and government regulators.
Personal Email – Even if your employee is following all of your processes and practices with work-related email, you could still be vulnerable if her private, personal email is breached or corrupted. By developing an internal culture of security, the organization does far more than deploy and configure bits and bytes.
The cybersecurity landscape is constantly changing and today the cyber threat actors range from organized crime to state sponsors. When it comes to advanced persistent threats, the cyber criminals often use targeted social engineering tactics including spear phishing.
Real-time intrusion detection and prevention systems that include 24x7 monitoring by security experts are a key defense in finding and stopping network intruders.
Show investors that you have a 3+ year budget for working capital without any performance fees.
Make sure to properly allocate expense and investment opportunities if you decide to launch a single investor fund or separately managed accounts. When it comes to seed arrangements, pick the right partner and put parameters around potential issues that could arise. Become familiar with the changing expectations on the cybersecurity front, from both investors and regulators.
The Cybersecurity Interpretive Notice applies to all membership categories--futures commission merchants, swap dealers, major swap participants, introducing brokers, forex dealer members, commodity pool operators and commodity trading advisors. But whatever approach is taken, the Cybersecurity Interpretive Notice requires Members to adopt and enforce an information systems security program (ISSP) appropriate to its circumstances. Description of ongoing education and training related to information systems security for employees. NFA recognizes that some Members may face a significant challenge implementing ISSPs by the March 1, 2016 effective date, and any programs that are adopted will be refined over time. Eze Castle Integration’s Cybersecurity Practice Team is available to create Written Information System Security Programs for firms.
Operating capital may be limited in the first few years after your launch, so careful budgeting and long range planning will serve your firm well. Governmental oversight of the financial industry has evolved dramatically in the last decade. Apart from registration, you should also determine if there are any legislative implications for your new firm.
Since 2014, cybersecurity preparedness is also a critical area of focus for regulatory bodies.
Cloud services offer more flexibility than traditional infrastructure models and, beyond cost-savings, can reap rewards for new launches.
Of course, one of the greatest benefits to using an outsourced cloud service is professional management and monitoring. Beyond infrastructure safeguards, it is critical that firms implement policies and procedures to protect firm and client assets.
While the list of considerations is surely long for new hedge fund managers, we've whittled it down to 10 Keys to Launching a Hedge Fund Successfully - a guide for new startups to use when setting off on their new journey. We at Eze Castle Integration have identified the top four reasons why backups are critical to not only a firm’s growth, but also their survival.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has instituted regulations on the storage of financial records and electronic communication, and financial industry regulatory agencies such as FINRA now provide standards and guidance information on potential threats. The reasoning behind these recommendations is the volume of things that can go wrong with your data storage solution. Regulatory and compliance organizations recognize the necessity of data security and advocate for firms to have a comprehensive backup solution in place. As reported by Gartner in the 2015 Gartner MQ Report for Enterprise Backup Software and Integrated Appliances, by 2017, the number of enterprises using the cloud as a backup destination will double, growing from twelve percent (12%) today.
Consider the impact to your business if you lost the data held in your CRM, financial, or reporting systems.
Backups should be an integrated part of not only the IT department, but of the overall business strategy. Businesses invest large amounts of time, money and resources into their operations; however, most are lacking a plan to protect this hard work.
Because the security of data is imperative, it’s critical that firms choose the right provider to maintain tight control and visibility over business critical information. In some cases, however, insurance coverage has not satisfied the demands of firms and instead left them feeling scammed a second time.
One example of this comes from Texas where a manufacturing firm is suing their cyber insurance provider for refusing to cover a loss that came at the hands of a phishing scheme. Situations like these are reminders for Chief Financial Officers and Risk Officers to carefully comb their cyber insurance policies to gain a comprehensive understanding of what exactly is covered – and what is not.
Given the risk landscape, it is no wonder companies of all sizes continue to be subject to increasing data breach liability, both in the form of single plaintiff or class action lawsuits and regulatory investigations and proceedings. Plaintiffs in data breach class actions typically allege that businesses failed to adequately safeguard consumer information and gave insufficient and untimely notice of the breach. Companies affected by a Cyber breach may also face liability to third parties, which may result in defense costs, settlements, judgments and, sometimes punitive damages. It seems that every hour emerging innovations and dynamic social platforms open the threshold of new opportunities to share and attain information.
When it comes to social media engines, when did people become the mindless machines pumping out sensitive information?
Think of other websites you frequently utilize that require passwords and personal details. We select these Q&As to safeguard our personal accounts, but overlook other platforms we might have shared this information on previously. The Internet of everything is so interconnected these days that it seems routine to grant access from one outlet to the other.
Additional recent hacks include video gaming site Twitch, toymaker VTech and the latest, open source tool Socat.
Some other places that you can find your SSN are on tax returns, pay statements, and bank measures.
Using a false SSN (or one that was not issued to you) will likely result in your Form I-90 application being denied and may result in other enforcement action. As President Judge, I have long held a belief in the value of technology to not only increase the efficiency of the Court but also realize its ability to make the Court system more accessible to the citizens of the Twenty-Seventh Judicial District. The board elects one person as the president and one as chief executive officer for the organization; Benjamin Jealous is its most recent (and youngest) President, selected to replace Bruce S.


Local chapters are supported by the 'Branch and Field Services' department and the 'Youth and College' department. They were particularly concerned by the Southern states' disfranchisement of blacks starting with Mississippi's passage of a new constitution in 1890. In fact, at its founding, the NAACP had only one African American on its executive board, Du Bois himself. In the early 20th century, Jewish newspapers drew parallels between the Black movement out of the South and the Jews' escape from Egypt, pointing out that both Blacks and Jews lived in ghettos, and calling anti-Black riots in the South "pogroms". Storey was a long-time classical liberal and Grover Cleveland Democrat who advocated laissez-faire free markets, the gold standard, and anti-imperialism. In 1913, the NAACP organized opposition to President Woodrow Wilson's introduction of racial segregation into federal government policy, offices, and hiring. It was influential in winning the right of African Americans to serve as officers in World War I. Because of disfranchisement, there were no black representatives from the South in Congress.
Southern states had created white-only primaries as another way of barring blacks from the political process. The NAACP's Legal department, headed by Charles Hamilton Houston and Thurgood Marshall, undertook a campaign spanning several decades to bring about the reversal of the "separate but equal" doctrine announced by the Supreme Court's decision in Plessy v.
Board of Education that held state-sponsored segregation of elementary schools was unconstitutional.
These newer groups relied on direct action and mass mobilization to advance the rights of African Americans, rather than litigation and legislation. Daisy Bates, president of its Arkansas state chapter, spearheaded the campaign by the Little Rock Nine to integrate the public schools in Little Rock, Arkansas. Johnson worked hard to persuade Congress to pass a civil rights bill aimed at ending racial discrimination in employment, education and public accommodations, and succeeded in gaining passage in July 1964. The dismissal of two leading officials further added to the picture of an organization in deep crisis. A controversial figure, Chavis was ousted eighteen months later by the same board that had hired him. Three years later strained finances forced the organization to drastically cut its staff, from 250 in 1992 to just fifty.
On a gospel talk radio show on station KHVN, Alcorn stated, "If we get a Jew person, then what I'm wondering is, I mean, what is this movement for, you know? Bush (president from 2001–2009) declined an invitation to speak to its national convention.[31] The White House originally said the president had a schedule conflict with the NAACP convention,[32] slated for July 10–15, 2004. Bond, while chairman of the NAACP, became an outspoken supporter of the rights of gays and lesbians, publicly stating his support for same-sex marriage. Barber, II of North Carolina participating actively against (the ultimately-successful) North Carolina Amendment 1 in 2012. The NAACP Youth & College Division is a branch of the NAACP in which youth are actively involved. The program is designed to recognize and award African American youth who demonstrate accomplishment in academics, technology, and the arts.
Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, in articles "Civil Rights Movement" by Patricia Sullivan (pp 441-455) and "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People" by Kate Tuttle (pp 1,388-1,391). Hooks, "Birth and Separation of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund," Crisis 1979 86(6): 218-220.
Zubik was born September 4, 1949, in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, to Stanley and the late Susan (Raskosky) Zubik. Gilbert will present a workshop on Economic Justice April 10 at the Peoples Church Unitarian Universalist in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. In office since 2011, Paul currently serves in the United States Senate as a member of the Republican Party.
Paul began practicing ophthalmology in 1993 in Bowling Green, Kentucky, and established his own clinic in December 2007.
He has held a state-issued medical license since moving there in 1993.[24] He received his first job from Dr. Those who already been given lifetime certification were allowed to keep it (according to the ABO, they would not legally have been able to rescind these certifications).[29] Shortly after this change, Paul began a campaign to protest it. Senate candidate Rand Paul greeting supporters at Bowman Field in Louisville, Kentucky on November 1, 2010.
The announcement left only Paul and Secretary of State Trey Grayson as the remaining candidates for the Republican nomination,[60] with Paul announcing on August 5, 2009, that he would officially run for the U.S.
This proposal included cutting the Department of Education by 83 percent and the Department of Homeland Security by 43 percent, as well as folding the Department of Energy into the Department of Defense and eliminating the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
To do so, he said it cannot be the party of "fat cats, rich people and Wall Street" and that the conservative movement has never been about rich people or privilege, "we are the middle class", he said.
They live in Bowling Green, Kentucky, where she is a freelance writer.[200] They have three sons. They have become very thorough in their operational due diligence process, understanding exactly what cloud providers provide from an operational, management and security perspective.
Employee awareness and training are arguably the most important factors in preventing a workplace security incident, but let's not overlook the technology must-haves.
To let your clients, partners, colleagues, and the like know that you won’t be able to respond to their emails, you create an out-of-office message. You may also list your chain of command and if you manage multiple departments, perhaps include the names and contact information for each division. Regardless of whether location is provided, one can link travel dates to a popular financial industry trade show.
Criminals can deduct from this message which key personal are not present onsite, exposing a gap in the hedge fund’s security posture. We hear and read stories too often about employees being victims of social engineering schemes.
Enacting and employing policies to mitigate security risk is critical, but documenting those policies is equally as important -- not only to meet the demands of the SEC, but to demonstrate to clients and investors that your firm takes cybersecurity preparedness seriously. Policies can be documented, Paul explained, but if employees are not trained to identify and mitigate cyber risks, the policies will be ineffective in protecting a firm. In reality, a successful approach means negotiating, purchasing and deploying multiple systems from multiple service providers. Before you commit to any tech solutions, envision how your fund will look in the long term. Consider the work you’re doing as an employee, and consider which systems supported that work. Acknowledge that you will require IT systems to build servers, manage networks, and handle day-to-day needs. With stories of password compromises becoming more common it is important to understand the types of authentication factors available and good computing practices. This is the most commonly used authentication factor and potentially the weakest if strong password and change requirements are not enforced.
When using a mobile device, for example, a one-time password (OTP) can be generated to provide access for only one login session or transaction.
Apple notably introduced inherence factor authentication with its iPhone TouchID biometric fingerprint reader.
This means that in addition to providing a password for access, a user would also need to provide a separate PIN number, for example.
Duo combines modern two-factor authentication with advanced endpoint security solutions to protect users from account takeovers and data breaches. Phishing is a psychological attack used by cyber criminals in order to trick you into giving up personal information or taking action. If the email appears to be from a legitimate organization but the address is a personal account (Gmail, MSN, Hotmail, Yahoo) it is probably an attack. If your friend or colleague sends you a strange message, their account may have been attacked.
That can be everything from a definition of personally identifiable information (PII), a description of user access privileges and roles, or policies regarding USB thumb-drives. It commits to defining and following thoughtful, far-ranging policies to eliminate the needless internal vulnerabilities that often go unrecognized. APT intrusions are often focused on high-value information and sectors such as the financial industry. In a spear phishing incident, criminals target specific companies or individuals and conduct background research to compile employee names, titles and contact information.
Not only must emerging managers evaluate traditional deployment strategies, but consider current factors influencing the financial landscape. There was quite a bit of content discussed during the 1-hour event, so we’ve pulled out some key takeaways. Target those who have a history of being receptive to founder share class and who may offer lower management and performance fees. Recognize where the private cloud has an edge: high-touch, industry-specific service and support, scalability and application integration, and security and compliance. Value is derived from knowledge of the application, knowledge of business, and having a dedicated support team. The NFA's Interpretive Notice to NFA Compliance Rules 2-9, 2-36 and 2-49 entitled Information Systems Security Programs requires Member firms to adopt and enforce written policies and procedures to secure customer data and access to their electronic systems. Executive-level participation and annual review of the information security program is expected. NFA expects to devote appropriate resources, such as providing additional guidance, to assist Members as they develop and implement their ISSPs. Don't forget to visit Hedge IT on Thursday as we reveal the last of our key considerations for starting a hedge fund. Hedge funds, private equity firms and registered investment advisers now operate in a world where they are beholden to regulatory bodies with growing expectations and requirements. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, which redefined the registration requirements for hedge funds, also set forth new reporting requirements and standards for safeguards.
With the prevalence of cyber threats and attacks, the SEC’s Office of Compliance and Examinations (OCIE) has incorporated cybersecurity into its examination targets.
Firms can add users nearly instantly – a welcome benefit for startups looking to ramp up quickly. You can do this by conducting employee awareness training to keep all users informed and educated about the cyber environment and the threats that may arise.
And be sure to come back to Hedge IT later this week when we'll be sharing an excerpt from our brand new whitepaper on the same topic!
Regulatory agencies and investors now expect businesses to have backup solutions and comprehensive record-keeping practices.
In addition, international regulators such as the FCA, a financial regulatory body in the United Kingdom, are also demanding firms to have a data backup solution. From hardware failure, software corruption, virus or network security breaches, to natural disasters and human error, the threat to your data is endless. Businesses that demonstrate that their data is secure and backed up have a competitive edge when security questions inevitably come their way. And by 2017, seventy-five percent (75%) of organizations will have replaced their remote-office tape backup with a disk-based backup solution that incorporates replication, up from forty-five percent (45%) today.
A SMB Disaster Preparedness Survey by Symantec found that downtime costs small businesses an average of approximately $12,500 per day and medium businesses $23,000 per day.
Eze Castle partners with KeepItSafe, a leading provider for managed online backup and recovery, to deliver our Eze Vault services.
As hackers become savvier and cyber schemes more elaborate, many firms are relying on cyber liability policies to add an extra layer of protection. Governments are facing an unprecedented level of Cyber attacks and threats with the potential to undermine national security and critical infrastructure.
Negligence, breach of fiduciary duty and breach of contract are just some of the allegations that a company may face as a result of a systems failure or lax security that compromises the security of customers’ personal information or data. Companies may also face class actions from banks and credit unions seeking damages for administrative expenses, lost interest, transaction fees and lost customers.
For example, 25 class action lawsuits were settled in the wake of a retailer’s 2007 data breach involving the theft of data related to over 45 million credit and debit cards. Third parties bringing lawsuits against businesses for damages are increasingly seeking to expand the nature of injuries and remedies sought in light of early case law which determined that there was no injury in fact sustained by the Cyber breach and thus no standing to sue.
The enactment of ITERA and the growing recognition in the business community that time spent repairing credit may constitute an injury in fact, may create an increased willingness of courts to find consumer standing to bring such actions and thus an increased liability risk to businesses. Typical data requested from social sites may include your full name, age, sex, birthday, relatives, photos, account access, etc. Conceivably, if you scroll through your status updates and photos on Facebook you could find all of these personal facts. So routine in fact that cybercriminals have realized the window of opportunity presented by these information gold mines.
The latter was announced earlier this week in a security advisory warning of a crypto weakness so severe that it may have been intentionally created to provide criminals a furtive means to eavesdrop on protected communications.
Rather than being like Bill, we need to be more aware of the automaticity of our behaviors and tendency to trust sites while browsing the web. Washington County Courthouse 1 South Main Street Suite 2002 Washington, PA 15301 Primary Phone: 724-228-6823 Judge Katherine B. We have redesigned the website to include more content as well as enhancing its design and organization to make it more user friendly. The Juror Portal is dedicated to assisting individuals who are serving the Court of Common Pleas of Washington County as a Juror. I thank you for your interest in the Court of Common Pleas of Washington County, Pennsylvania. The 'Legal' department focuses on court cases of broad application to minorities, such as systematic discrimination in employment, government, or education. Through the early 1900s, legislatures dominated by white Democrats ratified new constitutions and laws creating barriers to voter registration and more complex election rules.
Mary White Ovington, journalist William English Walling and Henry Moskowitz met in New York City in January 1909 and the NAACP was born.[14] Solicitations for support went out to more than 60 prominent Americans, and a meeting date was set for February 12, 1909. It did not elect a black president until 1975, although executive directors had been African-American. Storey consistently and aggressively championed civil rights, not only for blacks but also for Native Americans and immigrants (he opposed immigration restrictions). Six hundred African-American officers were commissioned and 700,000 men registered for the draft.
United States (1915) to Oklahoma's discriminatory grandfather clause that disfranchised most black citizens while exempting many whites from certain voter registration requirements. The NAACP regularly displayed a black flag stating "A Man Was Lynched Yesterday" from the window of its offices in New York to mark each lynching.
The NAACP lost most of the internecine battles with the Communist Party and International Labor Defense over the control of those cases and the strategy to be pursued in that case. Since southern states were dominated by the Democrats, the primaries were the only competitive contests. Intimidated by the Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service, the Legal and Educational Defense Fund, Inc., became a separate legal entity in 1957, although it was clear that it was to operate in accordance with NAACP policy. He followed that with passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided for protection of the franchise, with a role for federal oversight and administrators in places where voter turnout was historically low.
Benjamin Hooks, a lawyer and clergyman, was elected as the NAACP's executive director in 1977, after the retirement of Roy Wilkins. They accused him of using NAACP funds for an out-of-court settlement in a sexual harassment lawsuit.[26] Following the dismissal of Chavis, Myrlie Evers-Williams narrowly defeated NAACP chairperson William Gibson for president in 1995, after Gibson was accused of overspending and mismanagement of the organization's funds. Large amounts of money are being given to them by large corporations that I have a problem with."[27] Alcorn also said, "I cannot be bought. Jackson said he strongly supported Lieberman's addition to the Democratic ticket, saying, "When we live our faith, we live under the law.
On July 10, 2004, however, Bush's spokesperson said that Bush had declined the invitation to speak to the NAACP because of harsh statements about him by its leaders.[32] In an interview, Bush said, "I would describe my relationship with the current leadership as basically nonexistent.
Most notably he boycotted the 2004 funeral services for Coretta Scott King on the grounds that the King children had chosen an anti-gay megachurch. The Youth Council is composed of hundreds of state, county, high school and college operations where youth (and college students) volunteer to share their voices or opinions with their peers and address issues that are local and national.
A graduate and former Student Government President at Howard University, Stefanie previously served as the National Youth Council Coordinator of the NAACP. Local chapters sponsor competitions in various categories of achievement for young people in grades 9–12. Crafting Law in the Second Reconstruction: Julius Chambers, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, and Title VII. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: A Case Study in Pressure Groups. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. He attended Saint Stanislaus Elementary School and Saint Veronica High School, both in Ambridge, before entering Saint Paul Seminary in Pittsburgh. In 1988, he was appointed Administrative Secretary and Master of Ceremonies to then-Pittsburgh Bishop Donald W. At the time, Duke did not require an undergraduate degree for admission to its graduate school. John Downing of Downing McPeak Vision Centers, which brought him to Bowling Green after completing his residency. Paul questioned the Obama administration's use of drones and the stated legal justification for their potential use within the United States. Putin must be punished for violating the Budapest Memorandum, and Russia must learn that the U.S.
Paul also said that conservatives must present a message of justice and concern for the unemployed and be against government surveillance to attract new people to the movement, including the young, Hispanics, and blacks[144] During the 2014 election, Paul launched a social media campaign titled "Hillary's Losers" which was meant to highlight many of the Democratic candidates that lost their bids for the U.S. And while the thought of hosting IT offsite was once a worry for allocators, today's investors find comfort in knowing hedge fund and alternative investment firms are focusing on their investment priorities and leaving the technology decisions to the experts.
This has allowed managers to become much more comfortable at appointing a cloud provider to deliver an infrastructure that will perform well in any type of trading environment. Although this may appear innocuous to the untrained eye, those who are well-versed in information security, or simply read the latest cybersecurity headlines, would immediately cringe at the various red flags.
As their knowledge roadmap of your organization expands, so too do their odds of attaining trust from within. From downloading a malicious virus to falling for a wire transfer scam, these occurrences not only have financial implications to an investment firm but can also impact an employee personally and directly. Note the sender email address, which includes Eze Castle Integration’s domain, the balance due amount and the type of company (medical) sending the invoice. One of the most common mistakes new launches make, according to Paul, is assuming that they only require the basic bare minimum in terms of technology.
Brand and reputation, long lasting relationships with clients, and industry experience are some of criteria Paul feels are most important when selecting a service provider.
The goal of a WISP, Paul continued, is to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of critical information, information assets and sensitive materials for your firm and those of your clients. Firms should require passwords to be at least 12 characters in length, changed at least every 90 days, and not be reused. Another place this factor is common is for granting access to a data center – firms may want to use biometric screening as a second authenticator. Oftentimes the email domain will be missing a letter or have letters reversed, so you'll have to pay close attention. Also, hover your mouse over the link before you proceed to make sure that it is taking you where it claims to. The bank believes hackers executed a hack that allowed $81 million to be taken from the bank’s foreign exchange account at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
And the way that starts to happen is through systemic and comprehensive training practices.
Prepare an institutional set of documents up front if you are looking to attract institutional money versus high net money. They include risk assessment, governance, training, access control, vendor management, and information sharing. Additionally, firms must provide employees training during the onboarding processes as well as periodically during employment.
For example, system safeguards such as data protection, disaster recovery measures and email archiving are requirements under Dodd-Frank. Having released two extensive questionnaires and several risk alerts focused on security, the SEC has made it clear to investment firms that they will be investigating the practices employed at firms and increasing expectations for the future. Startups have a variety of options when it comes to settling on their technology infrastructure. Users can gain access to email, file services and applications from virtually anywhere, and built-in disaster recovery provides confidence that everything is protected from the inside out. Users should understand how security threats may present themselves (phishing schemes, social engineering, etc.) as well as how they can become cybersecurity assets to your firm. Successfully operating a new startup beyond the first year is a feat many managers struggle to accomplish, therefore it's critical for emerging managers to gain a full understanding of the industry that awaits them and the hurdles they should expect to face. Understanding the need and importance of implementing a backup solution can add instrumental value to your business. With today’s financial services companies managing exponentially growing volumes of sensitive data, the risk of loss grows as well. If something were to happen to the data center where your production system lives, you can resume operations in DR. Having a third-party backup solution provides geographic diversity of data assets, which is key for a complete business strategy. Recently, KeepItSafe highlighted the success of a backup and recovery case when a company’s servers crashed, and with it, so too did their records of billing history, accounts receivable and accounts payable. Similarly, businesses across a wide range of industry sectors, particularly those in the health care, retail and financial services industries1, are exposed to potentially enormous liability and costs as a result of Cyber incidents and data breaches. Increased regulation at federal and state levels related to information security and breach notification is expanding the legal avenues that may be pursued. Behavior quizzes offer entertainment to discover your celebrity and fairytale doppelgängers, or breakfast food and ice cream personality matches. These sources generally ask us challenge questions as an additional level of security, such as, the make of our first car, hometown city, high school mascot or nickname.
Criminals began creating faux, malicious versions of the app that asked users to sign into Facebook to generate their personal meme. The graduation will bring together hundreds of students, parents, professionals and leaders from the state of Ohio and national leaders in education.A Invited dignitaries include Ohio Governor John Kasich, Columbus Mayor Michael Coleman, Columbus Schools Superintendent Dr.
The Law Enforcement Portal contains content to aid our law enforcement community in the commission of their duties of protecting the public. This was intended to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the birth of President Abraham Lincoln, who emancipated enslaved African Americans.
Jews made substantial financial contributions to many civil rights organizations, including the NAACP, the Urban League, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. The following year, the NAACP organized a nationwide protest, with marches in numerous cities, against D. Within four years, Johnson was instrumental in increasing the NAACP's membership from 9,000 to almost 90,000.
More than 200 black tenant farmers were killed by roving white vigilantes and federal troops after a deputy sheriff's attack on a union meeting of sharecroppers left one white man dead.
Starting on December 5, 1955, NAACP activists, including Edgar Nixon, its local president, and Rosa Parks, who had served as the chapter's Secretary, helped organize a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. He [Lieberman] is a firewall of exemplary behavior."[27] Al Sharpton, another prominent African-American leader, said, "The appointment of Mr. Winners of the local competitions are eligible to proceed to the national event at a convention held each summer at locations around the United States.


He received an undergraduate degree at Duquesne University in 1971 and went on to study at Saint Mary Seminary and University in Baltimore, Maryland, where he earned a degree in theology in 1975. He was then assigned as Vice Principal of Quigley Catholic High School in Baden as well as Chaplain to the Sisters of Saint Joseph Motherhouse and Chaplain to the students at Mount Gallitzin Academy.
Wuerl (now Cardinal Archbishop of Washington, DC), where he served until 1991, when he began his service as Director of Clergy Personnel.
Beyond industry experience, take note of a service provider's reputation in the industry. Wouldn't it be easier to engage with a provider that features solutions and services to complement your firm's entire IT foundation? In selecting a cloud services provider, you want a partner who can grow with your firm, even if today that firm is only made of a handful of employees.
Hackers will attempt to convince an employee to breach normal email security procedures or trick them into downloading malicious malware, spyware or codes. You may (and hopefully do) have advanced email security mechanisms in place, but you still have to train your employees because scams are only going to get more sophisticated.
He urges new managers to pick an IT solution with operational growth in mind -- considering the business not at the onset, but in three to five years. It appears that the initial point of entry for the hackers was a spear-phishing email, potentially sent weeks before the fraud took place, which allowed the criminals time to remotely monitor and probe the bank’s networks without detection. Obtaining such details and observing communications provides criminals with the tools to mirror email addresses, website URLs and dialect. Regardless of the assets your firm is launching with, you will be expected to have sophisticated and comprehensive policies and procedures in place from day one to combat cyber threats. With the birth of cloud technology, firms can save on upfront capital expenditures and host their infrastructure in the cloud – providing flexibility within those startup budgets. A reputable cloud services provider not only provides world-class infrastructure and resiliency; it also assumes responsibility for the management and daily maintenance of your cloud environment.
Investors also have high expectations, and before they will even consider allocating money to your firm, they want to understand what protections you’ve put in place to protect their assets. However, if something is deleted in the production environment, that action is typically mirrored, thus deleted in DR as well.
DR allows the rapid recovery of IT operations while cloud backups provide another layer of protection by leveraging a third-party vendor to secure your data in an alternative location.
More recently, in 2014, two major retailers reported that the total costs of data breach and related class action lawsuits (less expected insurance recovery) was estimated at $63 million and $191 million, respectively. In 2014, the agency issued a press release announcing its 50th Data Security Settlement on behalf of consumers.
To partake in this social extravaganza, we hand over our personal information freely, forgetting its value somewhere between each hashtag and viral post.
Through the app, users may customize their characters by simply providing their first name and gender on the Blobla website.
Once the criminals were logged in, they stole account details and infected computers with spyware, viruses and malware. In this tug-of-war of security and connectivity, users can regain control of their personal information.
Gene Harris; Westerville Schools Superintendent Dan Good, Southwestern Schools Superintendent Bill Wise, Governors Director of Minority Affairs Lynn Stevens, representatives from the Ohio State University, Ohio University, Columbus State, Denison University, Capital University, Franklin University, Ohio Department of Education, and other county, state and state officials. Lastly, the Research Portal contains content related to those individuals researching Court related Recording office records which date back to the 1700’s. Men who had been voting for thirty years in the South were told they did not "qualify" to register. Walling, social worker Mary White Ovington, and social worker Henry Moskowitz, then Associate Leader of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. While the meeting did not take place until three months later, this date is often cited as the founding date of the organization. Jewish historian Howard Sachar writes in his book A History of Jews in America of how, "In 1914, Professor Emeritus Joel Spingarn of Columbia University became chairman of the NAACP and recruited for its board such Jewish leaders as Jacob Schiff, Jacob Billikopf, and Rabbi Stephen Wise."[19] Early Jewish-American co-founders included Julius Rosenwald, Lillian Wald, Rabbi Emil G. Warley in 1917 that state and local governments cannot officially segregate African Americans into separate residential districts. White published his report on the riot in the Chicago Daily News.[23] The NAACP organized the appeals for twelve black men sentenced to death a month later based on the fact that testimony used in their convictions was obtained by beatings and electric shocks. This was designed to protest segregation on the city's buses, two-thirds of whose riders were black. 449 (1958), the NAACP lost its leadership role in the Civil Rights Movement while it was barred from Alabama. Committing to the Youth Council may reward young people with travel opportunities or scholarships. At the same time, he began graduate studies at Duquesne University where he earned a master’s degree in education administration in 1982.
He urged that the US impose economic sanctions on Russia and resume an effort to build defensive anti-missile installations in Poland and the Czech Republic. Given father Ron's libertarian convictions, people often assume that he is named after the self-styled 'radical for capitalism' who wrote Atlas Shrugged. A candidate’s popularity with the Conservative Political Action Conference hasn’t necessarily been a great predictor of his or her success with the larger GOP electorate, as attendees tend to have a stronger libertarian bent than the Republican majority.
Whether the victory for Paul will have long-lasting benefit is unclear since his libertarian views may not have broad appeal in the Republican Party.
In a shift first reported by the Lexington Herald-Leader, a McConnell aide said the senator had decided to support Mr. They thought all along that they could call me a libertarian and hang that label around my neck like an albatross, but I'm not a libertarian. His recent comments on gay marriage—“personally offended” and “moral crisis”—created a libertarian backlash. If their resume touts long-standing relationships with clients just like your firm, that's a telling sign. Think: disaster recovery, email archiving, information security planning, telephony services. If all goes well, that number will grow over time, and you'll need an IT solution to grow along with you. Fortunately, experienced IT providers have the ability to invest heavily in security protections that can detect and prevent outside cyber threats and can even help train your staff to ward off internal incidents. The service provider should not only address day-to-day operations but also anticipate potential problems down the road. Phishing now refers to any message-based attack, whether that be email, IM, or on a social media network. The end result is the criminal’s identity masqueraded as a legitimate, trustworthy source.
Be sure to enable your firm’s processes to comply with SEC recommendations including risk assessments, infrastructure practices, policy documentation, etc.
With hackers savvier than ever and financial firms as known targets, it’s critical that firms establish a comprehensive approach to security to not only meet investor and regulatory demands but also to protect firm assets and mitigate business risk. Backups, on the other hand, create an offline copy of your data which is not accessible except to restore, sometimes utilizing a third-party vendor to store that data in an alternate location. The importance of protecting this data is interconnected to the importance of the overall operations of the business. And, this year, two major health care companies are separately facing several lawsuits as a result of data breaches that reportedly exposed the personal records of 80 million and 11 million people, respectively.
One of those settlements involved the much publicized 2006 settlement with a data aggregation company wherein the company agreed to pay $10 million in civil penalties and $5 million in consumer redress for time customers may have spent to monitor and repair their credit following a breach that exposed their personal information. Federal laws, such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act and the Fair Credit Reporting Act, have requirements to safeguard the privacy of personal information, and some states require notification to the state attorney general. Instead of dispensing reams of sensitive data, choose to keep what’s private, private. Somali community leaders and educators including the first African man to receive a PhD from Princeton University and former Ministers will be honored at the event.A In addition to financial scholarships by the Law Office of Russell Flickinger, Presidential Service Awards will be conferred on members of the Somali-American community in recognition of their contributions to the community.
The goal of the Health Division is to advance health care for minorities through public policy initiatives and education. The Court's opinion reflected the jurisprudence of property rights and freedom of contract as embodied in the earlier precedent it established in Lochner v.
Over the next ten years, the NAACP escalated its lobbying and litigation efforts, becoming internationally known for its advocacy of equal rights and equal protection for the "American Negro". Although states had to retract legislation related to the white primaries, the legislatures soon came up with new methods to limit the franchise for blacks.
He served in the role of adjunct spiritual director at Saint Paul Seminary from 1984 through 1991 and associate spiritual director at Saint Vincent Seminary, Latrobe, from 1989 through 1996. He requested a pledge from the Administration that noncombatants would not be targeted on U.S. He and his wife decided to settle in the southeastern Texan town of Lake Jackson, near the site of his military service. Paul’s proposal that the Kentucky GOP establish a presidential selection caucus in March separate from the state’s May primary for other offices.
If not forthcoming, you may open up your firm to serious regulatory and criminal prosecution.
Your cloud services provider should act as your trusted technology adviser and, as such, give you the flexibility and time you need to focus on your investment priorities without worrying about security updates and patch controls.
If access to a file was lost in both production and DR, backups grant the ability to recover the data and continue business as usual. This is an example of a successful case; however, many businesses lacking a backup solution are not so lucky. While these matters have yet to be resolved, the anticipated costs of litigation and settlement may set records. Given this ever-evolving and regulatory landscape, companies should expect an increase in third-party liability claims led by federal regulatory agencies as evidenced by a March 2015 federal court decision involving a large hotel chain wherein the court held that the FTC has regulatory authority to enforce data security practices. For a period, Paul was the only obstetrician in Brazoria County, and he delivered as many as 50 babies a month.
86 (1923) that significantly expanded the Federal courts' oversight of the states' criminal justice systems in the years to come. Yamamoto, Ambassador Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of African Affairs Donald Yamamoto's prior assignments included serving as the U.5.
He also served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of African Affairs from 2003 to 2006, where he was responsible for coordinating U.
Ambassador to the Republic of Djibouti from 2000 to 2003 and was the Deputy Director for East African Affairs from 1998 to 2000.Ambassador Yamamoto entered the Foreign Service in 1980.
He attended the National War College in 1996 for senior training and received a Congressional Fellowship in 1991.Ambassador Yamamoto is a graduate of Columbia College and did graduate studies at Columbia University, receiving a Master's degree in International Affairs.
If you pass the turn-off ramp, you will enter onto the freeway and will have to get off at the next exit and backtrack.
Somalia needs to be united or the ongoing problems will simply be exacerbated, said Abdinur Mohamud, a consultant for the Ohio Department of Education.There has to be a solution that brings all those territories together so regions and communities can function at the local level, said Mohamud, a member of the organizing committee. Global Leadership Coalition.Somalia has been in a state of violence and conflict for over two decades now, Jibril Mohamed, president and chief executive officer of the Northland-based Somali Community Access Network, said last week. Many attempts were made to bring together the sides that were fighting for power in Somalia.
State Department, was invited to be one of the speakers but will not be able to attend, according to Mohamed.
But as we do with any policy we look at the situation on the ground and make determinations on when and whether we need to make adjustments to that policy. It is going to be a painstaking process to move things forward in a positive direction.Malac was invited to give the keynote address last night at the conference, which will conclude today. Somalis many thousands of whom live in Columbus have an important role to play in determining policy.We understand that having a connection to them is something we need to do to ensure that we have that flow of ideas or an understanding what the impact of what our policies might be, she said, adding that violence is a major concern among Somalis. They take every opportunity to try to get that message to us to put pressure on us to keep doing something.Mohamed said he was one of two Somalis invited to attend a 2010 forum at the White House, where the president unveiled his administrations strategy in Somalia. Scripps School of Journalism Statehouse News Bureau.A ****************************************************************************************************************************************************Ohio conference discusses Somalia future, problemsJan.
Issues discussed include the national roadmap, piracy, humanitarian crisis, frontline state military interventions, Diaspora remittance challenges and community development issues. Engagement in Somalia: DualTrack Policy Aims and Implications * Debunking the Roadmap: A Tool for Statehood or Death-knell for Disintegration? His remarks will provide an overview of Americas role in supporting humanitarian, development, and security assistance in Somalia.
Ambassador James Swan has served as the United States Special Representative for Somalia since August 2011.
He has served with the State Department since 1988 in Djibouti, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Haiti, and Nicaragua, as well as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs (2006-2008). Somalis in America are not only active contributors to their newly adopted communities, but also continue to follow, and more importantly, influence developments in Somalia. So it was a priority for me to engage in a dialogue and learn from the Somalia diaspora in the first few months of my new assignment as the U.S. They see heart-breaking news coverage of malnourished Somali children, read about bright young college students murdered by suicide bombers, or hear reports of wide-scale corruption and say that Somalia cannot be helped. The problems Somalia faces today, the critics say, are the same problems it has faced for twenty years.
Interests in Somalia The answer is simple: Americas national interests require robust engagement with Somalia.
As a compassionate society, the United States has an interest in addressing the acute humanitarian needs of our fellow human beings in Somalia.
As part of our global commitment to advancing democratic values and improved governance, we have an interest in promoting political reforms that allow Somalis to be represented by leaders who will govern for the benefit of the people and the development of the country.
The combination of instability and poor governance threatens not only the Somali people, but the security of our regional partners in the Horn of Africa and beyond.
These factors have led to the most serious piracy problem in the world on key international trade routes. They have also created a dangerous terrorist organization al Shabaab that wantonly attacks innocent civilians and African peacekeepers, has conducted terrorist attacks against Somalias neighbors, and has actively recruited American citizens.A For all these reasons humanitarian, democracy and governance, and cold-eyed security concerns America is committed to helping Somalia regain stability and security. While Somalia faces enormous challenges, it also has, to quote President Obama, enormous support from the people of the United States.A A Vision for Success in Somalia We are committed to working with Somalis and the international community to help develop indigenous, long term solutions to the countrys ongoing problems.
America, as President Obama also said, wants Somalia to succeed.A Success means that Somalis facing drought and famine are helped to survive the current crisis and are given the long-term tools to better withstand future droughts. Success means that Somalia is free from totalitarian terrorist groups like al Shabaab, which is responsible for many lost and shattered lives not only in Somalia, but in Kenya and Uganda, through its terror attacks and through its policy of banning humanitarian assistance. Success means that Somalis can turn to their government for the basic services that we take for granted in America. It means that humanitarian and development assistance goes where it is needed and not into the pockets of corrupt officials or the armories of warlords and terrorists. And success means that the Somali people get to decide what form of government and constitution they will have. Poll after poll shows that the Somali people want self-determination, even if they are unclear exactly how that democracy should look.
Our role is to support the Somali people as they arrive at these decisions.A The Current Humanitarian CrisisLet me turn first to the current humanitarian crisis, which has been so much in the headlines in recent months.
Nutritional data released by the Food and Agriculture Organization in early September spoke of 4 million people in need of assistance in Somalia alone, with more than three times that number at risk elsewhere in the region.A To address the immediate crisis, the United States has provided over $750 million to meet ongoing and urgent humanitarian needs in the region.
Our dollars and diplomatic leverage are also being used to provide protection and assistance for Somali refugees in Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti.A While America is the largest donor of humanitarian assistance to the Horn of Africa But, we are not alone.
European partners, Turkey, Gulf Cooperation Council countries, China, Japan, and many others have all responded to Somalias urgent need. Together, we have met nearly 80 percent of the $1 billion UN Consolidated Appeal for Humanitarian Assistance for Somalia, the highest percentage reached of any appeal in the world today. In addition to aid from governments, there have been significant contributions from private citizens and NGOs from around the world.
In many respects, our core humanitarian challenge is not only to continue to mobilize the necessary resources, but also to ensure that all donors and implementing agencies are coordinating their response for maximum efficiency and effect.The areas worst affected by the famine are not coincidentally those where the extremist group al-Shabaab is most influential. Though assistance is beginning to reach these areas, coverage is uneven and continues to be impeded by al-Shabab in many places.
We call on al-Shabaab to remove urgently all remaining obstacles to aid delivery in areas where they are present. Although humanitarian access is far better in areas of Transitional Federal Government presence, we believe this could be further improved through efforts to establish more effective TFG aid-coordination systems and address the problem of small armed bands that control entry to some Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) sites. The TFG should make areas it controls a model of effective aid delivery.A There is also something that you can do.
You may be surprised to know that more than 54% of Americans have no idea there is even a crisis in the Horn of Africa region.
Today we are asking that 13.3 million people, the same number of people impacted by the crisis, take action to raise awareness for the Horn of Africa.
Dual Track Policy after One YearBeyond the immediate crisis, our primary vehicle for advancing broader U.S. Under Dual Track, our diplomatic engagement and development assistance for Somalia is steadily increasing.
These funds support a vast array of programs, across the entire country, that address security, peace and reconciliation, conflict mitigation, good governance, justice, democracy, education, economic growth, private sector competitiveness, health, water sanitation, food security, nutrition, and protection for vulnerable peoples.A Track one of the Dual Track policy reaffirms Americas continuing support for making the Transitional Federal Institutions more effective, more inclusive, and better able to provide services to the Somali people.
Track One is consistent with our support for the Transitional Charter and Djibouti Peace Process.
Track one also reaffirms our continued support for the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeepers who defend those institutions.A The Second Track of Dual Track broadens our engagement with regional and local administrations, civil society groups, and communities across the country that share the same goal of defeating al-Shabaab and bringing peace and stability back to Somalia. In reality, the Second Track announced last year codified efforts that were already underway to expand outreach to communities and organizations that were creating pockets of stability and improved governance. Key administrations and organizations we engage under Dual Track include Somaliland, Puntland, Galmuduug, Ahlu Sunna wal Jamaa, other local administrations, and civil society groups.A The past year has seen important progress on both tracks of Dual Track. On Track One, the Transitional Federal Government and AMISOM have succeeded in retaking ninety-eight percent of Mogadishu from al-Shabaab. This is a significant accomplishment in the security arena and one that has led to increased humanitarian access in newly liberated parts of the city.
Mogadishu has been the scene of the fiercest battles in the country as al Shabaab struggled to keep its grip on the city that remains the economic heart of the country and has historically been its political epicenter as well.
While al Shabaab has lost territory and support over the past year, it remains a very dangerous organization within Somalia and our support to the Somali forces and the Ugandan and Burundian troops deployed alongside them in Mogadishu will continue. The United States supports the Somali National forces with stipends, training, and equipment, and has also provided the lion's share of equipment and training for the AMISOM troop-contributing countries ever since their first deployment in 2007.A On the second track, we have increased outreach and support to key regional administrations and local governments across the country that are providing stability and services and countering al-Shabaab.
Somaliland, for example, emerged from a successful presidential transition last year, a process the United States supported with over $700,000 in assistance. Having clearly progressed on democratization, the Somaliland administration has also successfully attracted new investment. That is why the United States more than doubled its assistance to Somaliland under Dual Track, going from about $8 million in 2009 to more than $20 million in 2010.
This funds programs focused on local government administration and planning, education, community development initiatives, and economic growth.A We plan to extend the same type of Track Two community development assistance programs to Puntland, Galmuduug, and accessible areas of Gedo Region in the coming months.
Even in Mogadishu, our quick impact community-focused projects are channeled through the Benadir Administration in order to reinforce local ownership and keep the projects close to the people.A We know Dual Track also has its critics. Some claim the policy has undercut the influence of the Transitional Federal Government, but this ignores our continued support to both the TFG and AMISOM.
There are those who claim Dual Track further Balkanizes Somalia, pointing to opportunists who quickly self-declared newly independent states states that often represent little more than a hastily-posted website in a foreign capital.A The Second Track is in no way an open-ended commitment to assist any regional entity.
We are focused on looking for opportunities to help political structures that enjoy real legitimacy with their constituents and have a record of building pockets of stability within Somalia and responding to the people. We want to help Somalis living in such communities, even while Somalis as a whole decide what sort of relationship they want between their central and regional governments. When it comes to recognizing new African states, America follows the African Union lead -- and the African Union supports a single Somali state.A On both tracks, we will continue to provide training to local authorities and targeted Transitional Federal Institutions to promote credibility and confidence in the peace process.
This includes funding activities to support constitutional and democratization processes across the country. It also includes training, often with the expertise of Somali diaspora like yourselves, to promote government transparency and responsiveness.
A great recent example includes a member of the diaspora who returned to work with the TFG. He identified $1 million dollars in lost assets, funds which belonged to the defunct Somali national airlines that were sitting unused in banks, and restored these assets the national budget.A Road Map Let me turn now to the national political process.
If Somali political leaders want to garner credibility with the Somali, they must capitalize on the improving security environment to make significant progress in both the political and governance realm.A Many Somalis still express a deep skepticism about the Transitional Federal Institutions ability or willingness to govern in a representative, responsive and accountable manner. Much of their frustration comes from the perception that the Transition Federal process begun in 2004, which was supposed to provide the constitutional, electoral and parliamentary foundation for a new Somalia, has become hopelessly stalled. In the eyes of many of their constituents, the political leadership in Mogadishu has become complacent with the status quo, and the benefits it affords those in power, rather than committed to progress that will help the average Somali.A On September 6, however, these Somali leaders created a unique opportunity to change that perception. On that day, Somali leaders from the Transitional Federal Government, the regional administrations of Puntland and Galmuduug, and the Ahlu Sunna Wal Jamaa movement signed the Roadmap for Ending the Transition in Somalia. The terrible suffering of the Somali people, particularly during the current famine, underscores that the signatories must make rapid progress toward representative and effective governance that can meet the basic needs of all Somalis. We will continue to support the efforts of those who strive to achieve its goals and bring stability back to Somalia. Equally, we will work with our regional and international partners to hold accountable those Somali officials who obstruct progress.A Final ThoughtsFor all the challenges Somalia continues to face, we have seen positive though still fragile results from the efforts that we and our Somali, African, and international partners have expended.
This years humanitarian response has been massive, and now needs follow-through and improved coordination to ensure the necessary effect. In the security arena, momentum has shifted from al-Shabaab to the TFG and AMISOM -- although al-Shabaab still remains dangerously capable of asymmetric attacks.
Politically, the Roadmap offers a positive vision for the end of the transition and also the prospect of convergence between the national government and regional entities, but it needs strong direction by Somali political leaders and active regional and international engagement to keep it on track.
He wants the United States to provide more humanitarian support to help stabilize the country. We need an American action immediately, said Issa, who is a village council member in Urbancrest. That includes $175 million to Somalia.A Swan said the transition period for the government must end if the many needs of the Somali people are to be properly addressed. Yesterday, I led a community roundtable in each city, home to the two largest Somali diaspora communities in the United States. The UN has declared famine in two regions of southern Somalia where humanitarian access has been limited by Al Shabaab. USG is urgently supporting partnersto provide food, health, water and sanitation assistance wherever they can access communities desperate for help.I was also able to listen and learn from this dynamic community. Somali Americans are a vital lifeline of supportfor their communities and families throughout Somalia. I heard from dozens of community leaders who have mobilized their friends and neighbors to raise money for the drought through car washes, bake sales and fund drives.
A young woman in Minneapolis, choking back tears, described her Facebook page where she is raising money for drought relief and posting stories of families struggling to survive. As I heard from Jibril Mohamed in Columbus, In 1992 I was a boy who fled the conflict and drought of southern Somalia and did the same long walk to the border that families are doing now. The Somali American community is a critical partner in identifying ways to help save lives. We need urgently to ensure life-saving assistance reaches people now and are committed to doing so.



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