We recommend you to choose quality materials, if you want to build the pavilion in a professional manner.
Make sure you follow us on Facebook to be the first that gets our latest plans and for some other exclusive content. Also, follow us on Pinterest to get many ideas for your backyard from all the internet! After plumbing the wooden posts, we recommend you to secure them temporarily with braces. Work with attention and with great care, making sure you space the posts as in the free plans. Top Tip: If the pavilion is very long, you might want to fit braces (cut the both ends of the supports at 45?) or a middle posts. In addition, you have to cut small notches inside the rafters, otherwise they won’t fit into place easily. Top Tip: The boards should overlap at least several inches, in order to protect the structure from water damage. Top Tip: Apply several coats of wood stain, in order to enhance the look of the outdoor pavilions. Do you have a rough estimate of lumber cost, considering it varies area to area, but just a rough estimate would be very helpful. The easiest way to get an estimate is to print the materials list and go to the local lumber yard.
First of all, you should remember that in most of the cases you need a building permit, when making a garage. We strongly recommend you to use tongue and groove plywood sheets, if you want to get tight connections. Smart Tip: Building the roof for a single car detached garage is not as complicated as it might seem, but there are a few things you should take into account, especially if you want to get a rigid structure. Cut several piece of plywood at the right shape and attach them to the front and back ends of the garage. If you want to add style to your diy project or if you just want to protect the constructions from water damage, you should consider adding front and back overhangs. Smart Tip: Place a starting course at the bottom of the roof, before installing the asphalt shingles.
Smart Tip: If you want to see how to build the frame of the garage or how to take care of the finishing touches, we strongly recommend you to read the other parts of the article. Thank you for reading our project about how to build a garage roof and we recommend you to check out the rest of the projects. In order to build rafters you need to know the roof pitch and the roof span (overall width of roof). While it isn't that difficult to build rafters, the wall system supporting the roof must be level and square.
This cut on the rafter is at the bottom and is designed to sit flat on top of the exterior wall.
Once you have the first rafter perfect use it as a pattern for the rest of your rafter building. A roof truss is a load carrying, spanning member made of wood components (usually 2x material), connected together with metal plates or plywood (gussets). Trusses are designed as a package, fabricated according to state laws and engineered as part of their manufacture.
Calculation of truss deflections is usually with the virtual work method with an additional factor "S" added for the plate slip or nail slip at each joint. Visit our Truss Gallery for a more in-depth look at some of the more common truss designs used in our plansets.

Calculate your roof snow load for common trussses, rafters or attic trusses with our Snow Load Calculator. Rafters with Ceiling Joists are often used for smaller roof spans or widths, typically less than 16 ft, due to greater economy. Each rafter spans from the bearing wall to the ridge board at the roof peak, half the distance between the two walls, and are sized per the building code for span, spacing, load, slope, wood species and grade.
Always align the components at both ends and drill pilot holes before inserting the galvanized screws. On the contrary, any person with basic woodworking skills can get the job done, if the right plans and techniques are used. In order to get a professional result, we recommend you to dig 2-3′ deep holes and pour concrete footings.
As you can notice in the image, you need to use 6×6 lumber and long galvanized screws.
Always align the components at both ends and drill pilot holes before inserting the screws.
In order to cut the notches, we recommend you to make several parallel cuts and to clean the recess with a spirit level. As you can notice in the image, you need to cut both ends of the rafters at 45?, by using a circular saw with a sharp blade.
Make sure you take accurate measurements, otherwise the components might not fit into place easily. As you can notice in the image, we recommend you to cover the structure with 1×6 lumber, after covering them with several coats of protective paint.
Let the compound to dry out properly, before sanding the whole wooden components, along the wood grain, with 120-grit sandpaper. The finishing touches will breathe life into the pavilion, so make sure they reflect your personality and match the style of the property.
One last question, is it possible to do this with only 3 posts on the 20 foot side and 2 on the 10 foot side? I am sure the structure will hold the weight of the roof, but on the long run the plates might bow.
You can use treated lumber or you can use construction lumber and then apply appropriate products to protect them against the elements.
Building a roof for a single car garage is easy, but there are a few thing you should take into account, such as the shape and structure of the rafters. Therefore, we recommend you to plan every aspect form the very beginning and to make sure the plans comply with the local building codes.
Follow the instructions and use quality materials, if you want to get a professional result. As you can see in the image, you need to cut them at the right size and secure them to the top plates with galvanized screws, after drilling pilot holes. As you can see in the image, you need to secure two 2×4 pieces of lumber at both ends of the roof, in order to support the ridge board properly.
As you can notice in the plans, you need to attach the rafters both to the bottom components and to top plates. The intermediate and the bottom components should only be attached to the end trusses, In this manner, you will create a proper support for the gable ends. As you can see in the image, you need to assemble the overhangs on a level surface, using rafters and small pieces of 2×4 lumber.

Cut the trims at the proper size and shape before attaching them to the ends of the rafters. Always read the manufacturing instructions before starting the installation, as there are several aspects that differ. In order to get a professional result, fill the holes and the gaps with wood filler and let it dry out for a few hours. Don’t forget to share our projects with your friends, by using the social media widgets. The plumb cut, at the top of the rafter, and the seat or heel cut, at the bottom, have a 90 degree relationship to each other. It is well worth the effort to rough out the wall system to be square and level so the roof framing is simple.
This type of truss carries a combination of Roof (Lr or S) and Floor (L) loading in addition to the standard top and bottom chord Dead loads.
The best part of the woodworking project is that you can get the job done by yourself and keep the costs under control, if you follow the right plans and techniques. Moreover, we recommend you to add waterproof glue to the joints, in case you want to increase the bond of the structure.
After cutting the component at the right size, we recommend you to plumb them and to install them into place with corner brackets and screws. Secure one end of the rafters to the ridge board, while the other one should be locked to the top rails.
It describes the measuring and cutting of the rafter seat and birds mouth cuts as well as the ridge cut. Build the components from weather-resistant lumber, if you want to build a durable roof for your garage. Work with attention and with great care, if you want to build a rigid structure that will support the weight properly. Use a good saw to make the miter cuts, otherwise you won’t get a professional result.
The ceiling joist acts as a tension tie to keep the rafters from splaying out under load and also creates a ceiling surface. Working with attention is important, but adjusting the size and the design of the outdoor pavilion is essential.
Fill the holes with wood putty, smooth the surface with sandpaper and apply several coats of paint. You will also see how to build a jig on the shed floor to help you build all the rafters to exactly the same size.
Use a good miter saw to cut the ends of the trims before attaching them into place with finishing nails. At both ends of the roof you need to double the bottom rafters, as to support the gable ends properly. Fit the side drip edges over the roofing felt, while the bottom drip edges should be fit under. Learning how to build the roof rafters is a very simple process when you follow the easy steps outlined in this shed building video.

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