Dirk from New York City designed and built this wall mounted butcher block table supported with Kee Lite fittings and tube. Our kitchen already has butcher block counters, and we wanted to add another on the opposite side for our children to do their homework. Housing in the UK is not usually on the same grand scale as our American cousins, so its always welcome when they produce space saving ideas such as this one.
The butcher block table top looks similar to this butcher block table top available from IKEA. The idea is in our opinion, brilliant, not only would it be a simple case of using a strong hinged bracket instead of the fixed angle shown, to have the table fold down against the wall, it is a simple case of undoing the grubscrews and removing the tube!
Mount two wood strips to your wall: 1) One to support the table at the wall, and 2) the other to support the aluminium swivel bracket that will attach to the wall.
Attach the table to the wall: With the help of someone else (or an additional support) attach the table by placing the table on top of the wall strip and connecting it with an L-bracket.
Attach the tube and fittings: Connect the tube and LC58-7 tube fittings together (this requires an allen key). Make final tweaks: You can adjust the tube inside the fittings by loosening and tightening the set screws.
Traditionally, building exterior walls were constructed in a series of time consuming assembly and installation steps to achieve structural bracing, sheer walls, insulation, and barriers to air, water and vapor infiltration.
CPBS has teamed with several major materials manufacturing companies including 3M and Bedford to create a complete wall assembly system using FRT channels, coupled with a fastening methodology and joint treatment that is fully integrated with the wall panels. Why use the C-SIP System instead of conventional SIP panels or stick framing? There are many good reasons to utilize the numerous benefits of the C-SIP System. Performance benefits excel especially in hot and humid climate zones (Zones 1 and 2), such as the U.S.
Comprehensive fastening and joint sealing, developed with third party manufacturers that is pre-integrated and matched to perform at high levels for decades. Accessory system acts in unison with the innovative C-SIP FRT skin to block any air or water infiltration that rob energy performance and can seriously damage building interiors.
The Berlin Wall was designed to prevent East Berliners escaping to the West, and became a symbol of the division of Europe. If you were there or know someone who was, please get in touch with the programme and let them know what you saw, who you were with and how people around you felt. Emily Brooks explores the endless possibilities of this essential building material Bricks and mortar are two simple ingredients that have stood the building industry in good stead for centuries as brick and block is a firm aspect of British architecture.
There are variations to this system – cut stone instead of bricks for the external walls, for example, or aircrete blocks used in conjunction with some form of cladding.
The simple fact is that both systems have to meet the same incredibly stringent Building Regulations and, used in conjunction with other materials, both are more than able to meet requirements for fire safety, acoustics and thermal performance. Choosing brick and block over other build methods has more to do with factors such as the availability of local trades – you may not find someone with timber frame experience in your area, but you’ll certainly find a brickie – and the level of flexibility for layout changes you might require, both during and after the build (a last-minute move of a doorway or window is far easier if your home is being built from bricks). Work may progress slower on site than with prefabricated build methods (timber frames can be up in days), but factor in the lead-time for ordering and making frames or panels in a factory, and you’re almost level-pegging. Excellent thermal mass: bricks slowly absorb and release heat, helping to regulate the temperature in your home. There is flexibility in the route you choose too, as several package companies offer the complete design and build turnkey option – usually associated with timber frame – for brick and block builds. Spaces are allowed; punctuation is not allowed except for periods, hyphens, apostrophes, and underscores. From time to time Castle Media will keep you up to date on relevant news, special offers and discount tickets for Build It Live exhibitions by email. CAPTCHAThis question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
The Berlin Wall was a tangible symbol of the suppression of human rights by the Eastern bloc during the Cold War, but Frederick Taylor asks whether it was more convenient to the Western democracies than their rhetoric suggested. The building of the Berlin Wall in August 1961 divided families and neighbourhoods in what had been the capital of Germany. But was all as it seemed, with the noble democracies vainly opposing yet another Communist atrocity? In 1945, the victors of the Second World War, the US, the Soviet Union, Britain and by special dispensation the French, had divided Germany into four zones of occupation and its capital, Berlin, into four sectors. Until 1961, however, Berlin remained under joint occupation and kept a special status, still more or less one city in which fairly free movement was possible. Between 1945 and 1961, some 2.5 million had fled in this way, reducing the GDR’s population by around 15 per cent. However, given the renewed dangers of conflict during the previous few years, the building of the Wall, although it unleashed a brief East-West showdown, was – seen from a global perspective -- not necessarily the catastrophe that it first appeared.
None of the former victors of the Second World War was about to go to war in order to prevent the division of Germany. The reaction of the other two occupying powers, Britain and France, was even more ambivalent. The crisis found Harold Macmillan, prime minister of Britain since 1957, hundreds of miles north of London, at Bolton Abbey, in Yorkshire. Meanwhile, 71-year-old General Charles de Gaulle, last active Allied leader of the Second World War and since 1958 once more President of France, was resting at his country home in Colombey-les-Deux-Eglises. Britain’s military and economic decline had lately accelerated to a point where even the traditionally imperialistic Conservatives realized they had to cut their cloth to suit new circumstances. Conscription for the British armed services was due to be abandoned in the early part of 1962. Before August 13th, Macmillan’s diplomats were still frantically occupied with arranging for peacekeeping forces from the Arab League to take over the protection of Kuwait, while British conscripts sweated in temperatures of 50° centigrade (120° Fahrenheit) opposite Iraq’s army in the desert south of Basra. Berlin was therefore not high on London’s priorities list, in great part for financial reasons. As for that other overstretched former imperial power, France still had several hundred thousand troops, mostly young conscripts, tied up in a vicious guerrilla war in Algeria. Privately the French elite, like the British, still found the existing division of Berlin, and of Germany, perfectly satisfactory, although (in the delicate words of a recent French official publication) de Gaulle thought that ‘it was important to avoid dashing the hopes of the Germans’, whom he was courting as part of his plan for French dominance of the continent. So, even as an appalled world watched machine-gun-toting East German guards supervise the wall-building – Berlin was the first properly televised world crisis – the West did nothing. Many writers at the time and in the intervening four and a half decades have speculated what would have happened if the Allies had responded to the Wall with  vigorous ‘roll-back’ measures, bulldozing through the wire and defying the East to respond. In fact, the only possibility of 'roll-back' came not in August 1961 but more than two months later, in late October, when the East Germans began to demand identity documents from American officials entering East Berlin.
Even then, we can see from the British government documents, Harold Macmillan’s government had no intention of risking war on this issue. The trouble is that the US soldiers do not yet seem to have been brought to heel on this point. Whether British pragmatism (or weakness) played a role in taking the heat out of the crisis remains unproven.


It now seems more likely that Kennedy had already reached an agreement with Moscow through unofficial secret service channels.  Khrushchev, who had been kept busy managing a split in the international communist movement, finally decided to pay attention and clamp down on the notorious ‘salami-slicing’ activities of the notably wilful East German leader, Walter Ulbricht, which had led to the crisis in the first place. The actual reality of the wall had never been seriously challenged throughout this time, and this remained the case. Inevitably, the demise of the Wall in 1989 exposed the true feelings and anxieties of the Western allies about Germany every bit as blatantly as had its construction. For a short while, Mitterrand seems to have considered Thatcher’s offer to resurrect the wartime Anglo-French alliance against a resurgent Germany, but on consideration the wily French leader decided against tying himself to the forceful and passionately Eurosceptic British leader.
The Western Allies begin the ‘Berlin Airlift’ to provide food and basic necessities for West Berliners.
A mass uprising against the Communist regime in East Germany is bloodily suppressed by Soviet troops and loyal East German police. Leaving East Germany without permission becomes a criminal offence, punishable with three years’ hard labour. Barbed wire and breeze-block barricades seal off West from East Berlin, making escape from East Germany impossible.
24-year-old East Berliner Gunter Litfin becomes the first escaper to be shot dead trying to cross into the West. American and Soviet tanks face each other at the Checkpoint Charlie border crossing after East German guards restrict American officials’ access to East Berlin. Temporary permits are issued for West Berliners to visit East Berlin for the first time in two-and-a-half years.
The Helsinki Accords, signed by 35 countries including the USSR, America, Britain, and East and West Germany, promise universal human rights, including the right to freedom of movement. Unable to halt the headlong exodus of its population through ‘third states’, the East German regime concedes its citizens the right to leave. This Wall mounted table is a great way to utilise space that usually would be overlooked or used as a bookcase area, with the addition of some alumiumium wall mounted struts, it is a great space for the kids to do their homework or breakfast bar.
The bottom wall strip is not necessary, depending on the strength of your wall, but is probably recommended. With someone helping you to level the table, adjust the tube and fittings so that the the table will be level when the LC58-7s are attached. You can experiment with different wood types and make a wall mounted table of just about any shape and size. The C-SIP System delivers all of these traditional wall assembly benefits but with an innovative multi-functional system that is an easy, cost effective alternative. Engineered FRT channels from Bedford are used to join the C-SIP wall panels together and attach to the foundation, floor system and roof structure.
The programme team are looking for contributors to take part in a future episode to share their experience and memories of this historic event. It’s still the most popular way to construct a house (about 70 per cent of self builds use it overall, although timber frame is more popular in Scotland) and with the decline of the construction industry over the past 18 months, it’s fair to say that traditional builders are keen for your business. It’s not apparent when looking at a house which build method has been used, since timber frames can also have an outer skin of brick, stone or render: the difference lies in the building materials providing the structural support.
If you believe one side, your timber frame home will be horribly noisy, before being eaten by sun-seeking termites marching up from France as the climate changes; if you believe the other, your brick and block home will take an age to build (interrupted every time a drop of rain falls), and will not be nearly as eco-friendly as all-natural, zero-carbon timber. Doing your own bricklaying (or assisting your builder) is possible, as long as you get properly trained up first and have an aptitude for it. But many people go down the route of commissioning an architect and lead contractor separately.
The Wall represents a uniquely squalid, violent, and ultimately futile, episode in the post-war world. Did the leaders of the West genuinely loathe the Wall, or was it – whisper if you dare – actually rather convenient to all the ­powers concerned?
To the wartime Allies, Germany had been a problem ever since its unification in 1871, a big, restless country in the heart of Europe. From the late 1940s, Germany itself – what was left of it after the Poles and the Russians had carved chunks off its eastern territories – became a creature of the Communist-capitalist conflict. It represented an ‘escape hatch’ through which East Germans could head to the now booming West in pursuit of political freedom and a higher standard of living than their Stalinist masters were prepared to allow them.
Within a few weeks the improvised wire obstacle across the city started to morph into a formidable cement one that would soon become known as the ‘Berlin Wall’, a heavily fortified, guarded and booby-trapped barrier almost a hundred miles long, dividing the city and enclosing West Berlin. In 1948-49 Stalin had tried to blockade the Western sectors into submission by closing off all the land routes into the city, which lay almost a hundred miles inside Soviet-occupied territory.
It was not just a brutal act in itself but also final proof, if proof were needed, that the reunification many still hoped for must remain a distant, even an impossible, dream. The Western powers were unanimous in declaring their horror at the Wall, in making the right public noises - it wouldn't do to upset the West Germans - but what was going on behind the scenes? In reality, however – as the crisis made clear – it privately accepted the division of Germany and saw no reason to oppose it by force. Kennedy, had already ordered a military build-up to cope with possible Soviet and Warsaw Pact designs on Berlin (and by implication West Germany). There he was celebrating, as he did every summer, the opening of the grouse-shooting season.
London should get together with the Americans to make sure that ‘they, no more than we, regard this as the issue on which we break’. So re­laxed did de Gaulle seem about the Berlin affair that he failed to return to Paris until the following Thursday, August 17th.
A certain testy obsession with cost had crept into discussions about Britain’s military commitments. The strength of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) would accordingly fall from 52,000 to 44,000 by the end of that year. In the Middle East it faced confrontation with the newly-radicalized republic of Iraq under its fiery strongman, Brigadier Abd al-Karim Qassem. Talks to end the bloody Algerian struggle for independence from France had just begun in the spa town of Evian – a concession by de Gaulle that had already brought sections of his army and the Algerian white settlers out in open rebellion.
Another great Frenchman, the Nobel prize-winning author, friend and biographer of de Gaulle, Francois Mauriac, would make the classic quip that ‘I like Germany so much, I want two of her’. The American Secretary of State even forbade the US commandant from subscribing to a joint Allied press release, for fear of arousing negative reactions from the East. It is clear from the documents we can now read in the archives of the countries involved that this was never a serious prospect.
This, which the Americans considered in breach of the postwar Potsdam Agreement, unleashed the famous 'Checkpoint' Charlie' confrontation, the only time during the Cold War when American and Soviet tanks actually faced each other, fully armed and ready to fire. British civilian personnel entering East Berlin had for some time now been showing ID if requested, and so London’s sympathy for the American stance was limited. Foreign Secretary Lord Home claimed on October 27th that he was ‘pretty close to an understanding with Rusk’, who did not want the question of showing passes to be made into a major show of strength. It continued in existence for another twenty-eight years, a hideous scar on the European landscape and a cruel negation of post-war Germany's right to self-determination.


The Americans quickly decided that they were, on balance, happy to see a reunited Germany, but both the French and the British, atavistic fears reawakened, panicked at the prospect. Instead, with characteristic subtlety, he took the alternative route: not to unite with other powers against Germany, but to clutch the Germans so tightly to France’s bosom that even a mighty, reunited state east of the Rhine would constitute no threat.
The Soviets and East Germans recognize West Berlin’s right to exist, and the West grants de facto recognition to the East German regime. Within months, East German dissidents start to invoke this right in applying for exit visas. There is some adjustability in the fittings that will help you to make small tweaks once everything is connected. Internal, load-bearing walls are also made of blocks; the build progresses up to first-floor level before timber floor joists or a pre-cast concrete floor are added and then work continues up to the roof. The e-mail address is not made public and will only be used if you wish to receive a new password or wish to receive certain news or notifications by e-mail.
And we know that the subsequent international crisis, which was especially intense during the summer and autumn of 1961, threatened the world with the risk of a military conflict, one that seemed as if it could escalate at any time into nuclear confrontation between the US and the Soviet Union.
The over- mighty Germany of the Kaiser’s and Hitler’s time must never be allowed to re-emerge. It divided into West Germany (the ‘Federal Republic of Germany’) and the smaller East Germany (the ‘German Democratic Republic’), the former a prosperous democracy of some 50 million anchored into what was to become the Western NATO al­liance, the latter a struggling social experiment, a third as large, allied to the Communist Warsaw Pact.
The country was losing the cream of its educated professionals and skilled workers at a rate that risked making the Communist state unviable. The West surprised him with a successful airlift that kept West Berlin supplied with sufficient essentials to survive. There was genuine outrage in West Germany (and to some extent in the East, though this was rapidly suppressed by the Communist secret police, the Stasi, who carried out thousands of arrests). Macmillan spent Saturday August 12th in the company of his nephew, the Duke of Devonshire – owner of Bolton Abbey -- engaged in appropriate use of firearms against indigenous bird-life. Even before this latest twist in the Berlin crisis, plans had been put in motion by defence minister Harold Watkinson, not to increase Britain’s military presence in West Germany and Berlin, but drastically to reduce it. It seemed likely that even the 3,500 troops London maintained in the British Sector of Berlin might be subjected to a quiet culling operation.
Qassem had laid claim to the small, British-protected (and oil-rich) sheikhdom of Kuwait, and had spent most of June massing his army in the arid border zone.
Jeeploads of armed GIs escorted senior American diplomats for short, passport-free incursions into the East. After reading a report from his embassy in Washington on the Checkpoint Charlie crisis, the Prime Minister scribbled some marginal comments. The end of the ‘Checkpoint Charlie’ confrontation in effect meant the end of the Berlin crisis. When the Wall did come down in November 1989, overnight and as suddenly as it had arisen, it was not because of some exciting, high-risk initiative on the part of the West but mostly because of the internal decay of the communist bloc in general and the East German regime in particular.
Part of the hefty price Mitterrand secured from the German Chancellor, Helmut Kohl, in exchange for France’s support of reunification was the Federal Republic’s support for a common European currency and for closer integration.
However, the mutual withdrawal of US and Soviet units on October 28th also signifies the de facto end of the Berlin crisis.
When everything looks level, then secure the flanges to the wall and underside of the table. The FRT composite channels have excellent thermodynamic properties and have the same low rate of thermal expansion as the C-SIP FRT skin that will not degrade over time.
The Iron Curtain ran through Germany, with a fortified border between the two Cold War German states.
Washington made it clear that only if the Soviets and their East German proteges tried to blockade or invade West Berlin would war become a possibility. Even after hearing the news from Berlin, the premier saw no reason why he should not con­tinue to do so on August 13th.
London had hastily withdrawn substantial forces from Germany, Cyprus and the Home Command to defend the Kuwait flashpoint.
Formerly an army of occupation, the BAOR was now part of the first line of defence against attack from the East. With France’s largest ‘overseas province’ in bloody uproar, diverting serious reinforcements to join the 45,000 French troops already in Germany (of which 3,000 were based at the Quartier Napoleon military complex in Berlin) was out of the question. Frantic East Berliners trying to escape to the West via apartment blocks on the border plunged from high windows and roofs to their deaths. Some of the American armour backing these forays was fitted with bulldozer blades, ready to push down the barrier and advance into East Berlin to facilitate freedom of movement for Washington's representatives, should the East try to prevent it. Hence, on that fateful August weekend, the Communists’ vast undertaking to seal off East from West Berlin, to close the ‘escape hatch’. In 1958, his successor, the ebullient, unpredictable Nikita Khrushchev, had started threatening West Berlin’s status once more. In private, the US Secretary of State Dean Rusk even confessed – within days of the East German border closure operation – that ‘in realistic terms it would make a Berlin settlement easier’. The cost of such a major, if temporary, movement of personnel and equipment, including ships and aircraft, was extremely painful for the British Treasury. Ten days after ‘barbed wire Sunday’, a young East Berliner was coldly and deliberately shot as he tried to swim across a canal into the West. Finally the Americans seemed to be getting tough - not over the tragedy of the wall but over their own national prestige.
In other words, so long as American prestige was not affected, the Soviets could do what they liked with the bits of Germany they controlled, including East Berlin.
In mid-July, during discussions about contingency plans in case of another Soviet blockade of Berlin, Macmillan had declared rather sourly that Britain ‘should make it clear that we will pay nothing’ toward the expenses of any new airlift. He wondered how long Britain could continue to ‘be associated with this childish nonsense’. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. The extension of the Iron Curtain to the heart of Berlin might even help stabilize the situation.
Hundreds more were wounded, ­thousands were punished for their escape attempts with long jail sentences under harsh conditions.
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