Dutch gable: A gable having a pediment whose outline contains two or more curves on each side of its apex. The approach to the structural design of the roof is much the same as to the floor systems. In most northern climates the snow loads are the greatest and, therefore, govern the roofa€™s design.
The slope of the roof can be analyzed by comparing the rise to the run, as shown in Figure 2. The pitched roof with an attic is the most commonly used roof and is a continuation to the light-frame construction used to build the floors and walls. The design of the roof framing system is similar to that of the flooring system in that the rafters and joists are lightweight and are spaced at 12 inch, 16 inch or 24 inch intervals.
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Be the first to know about This Old House contests, sweepstakes, and events and receive special offers and promotions from your favorite home improvement brands. All roofs, even ones that look flat, need to slope to some degree so that snowmelt and rainfall can drain off.

I have found in all my years of building sheds that using pre-built trusses is so much easier and simpler then building a shed roof with a ridge board, especially if you are building your outdoor shed yourself.  Most of the assembly work can be done down on the ground! Add bright colors for painting the exterior walls, and flower boxes under the windows and you have just a really neat garden shed that you can build in your wifes garden.
Turn in a set of building blueprints with a pitch less than 3-12, or build a shed style roof with a low pitch, and your building inspector will not pass the construction and provisions will have to be made to get the pitch up to acceptable standards if it is going to be shingled.
Many local counties across the country now require the use of hurricane ties for roof framing on homes, and your shed is no different.  If heavy winds can damage a roof by uplifting the trusses on a house, think what it can do to a shed! Hurricane ties are nailed on to the bottom of the rafter or truss, and to the top wall plates as shown in the picture above. Headers For Windows and Doors Feb 07, 16 10:01 AMHow to make headers for door and window openings in your shed framing. Pictures of Sheds, Storage Shed Plans, Shed Designs Dec 27, 15 10:46 AMVisit our library of pictures of sheds built from our shed plans. Awesome 10x12 Barn Shed Dec 27, 15 10:41 AMSee how Jason built his very own 10x12 barn shed and had a great time doing it.
Loads and the transfer of loads from structural member to structural member is the most important consideration, even though the loads on a roof are substantially lighter.
In many areas of the northern United States the design loads for roofs will vary from 20 to 30 psf depending on the sloop of the roof. If the run of the rafter is 10 feet horizontally and the rise is 5 feet vertically, then the slope is 1 to 2, or expressed in inches, 6 to 12 (6 : 12). The elements used in this kind of framing, the ceiling joists, the rafters, and the ridge, are shown in Figure 3.
But beyond that basic requirement, architects and builders have a lot of leeway, and they've used that creative freedom to invent a wonderful array of roof designs.

The shape of the gable and how it is detailed depends on the structural system being used (which is often related to climate and availability of materials) and aesthetic concerns. It offers so much style and comfort to the garden that you can design the interior to be a sitting area just to relax in and enjoy the scenery of your beautiful garden or warm summer nights gazing up at the night sky. In addition to its own structural weight, the roof is expected to beat the pressures of a driving rain, a powerful wind force, and the weight of piled-up snow. The flat roof will have a design load based on the climate and whether or not the surface is to be used for human traffic or recreation.
The gables are false fronts, similar to the showy facades often found on small commercial buildings.
If the roof has a more gentle slope, the snow will remain where it is, piling weight onto the roof structure.
The design load for gently sloping roofs is, therefore, greater than for those that are more steeply pitched. Strictly speaking, the tympanum is the infill area, often triangular, of the pediment, which also consists of the raking cornice or ends of the sloped roofs (which may appear to bear, but do not actually bear on the tympanum - the fact that many tympana bear intricate and expensive carvings declaring the building's purpose is evidence of its non-structural role), and the cornice proper, which bears on the architrave, which in turn is supported at points by columns of a colonnade.
This roof performs better in a storm than a true gable roof but not as well as a true hip roof.

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