Because more people are injured by trips and falls than other hazards, experts have looked closely at the specifications for stairs, steps, and rails to reduce the falling hazards. This work has been translated into stair and railing specifications that are similar among codes and countries (but not identical). Stairwell width and stair landing platform requirements are summarized by these sketches courtesy Carson Dunlop Associates. The minimum recommended stair landing length is 36" (or a length and width sufficiently greater than the swing of the door if a wider door is present.
Stairway maximum height: the total vertical rise of a straight run of stairs should be twelve feet or less between floors. Exceptions to stair dimension requirements may be made for stairs giving access to non-living areas of a building such as storage lofts and mechanical rooms. Stairway width should be equal to or greater than 36" of clear unobstructed distance measured at all points above the [permitted] hand-railing height. Stairway width should also be equal to or greater than 36" of clear unobstructed space between the top of the handraill (the permitted handrailing height) and the required headroom clearance upper height. For a stairway with a handrailing along both sides, the clear stairway width is permitted to be smaller still, with a clear width of 27". Stair tread width (green arrow in our photo) is the horizontal left to right width of the stair tread. Stairwell width and stair landing platform requirements are summarized by the sketch above. In these sketches and in our photographs used here, the required handrails have been omitted for clarity. For a 36" wide stairwell such as that shown above, the stair railing intrusion is not a problem, but for more narrow stairs it may be, especially where accessible stairways are required.
One use of extra-wide stairways is to permit two-way traffic without people punching into one another going up and down the stairs, while at the same time the stairway may also serve large crowds moving usually in one direction at a time. GUARDRAILS on BALCONIES, DECKS, LANDINGS (railings on landings and open hallways, porches, screened porches, balconies that are more than 30" above floors or grade). See HANDRAILS & HANDRAILINGS for details about stairway handrailing dimensions, graspability, railing heights, railing continuity, termination, projection distances and all other parameters. Reader Question: 10 Feb 2015 Do exterior contrete stairs leading to two terraces apartments have to be a certain width? Continue reading at STAIR HEADROOM or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below. I want to build a box on the floor of my hair salon to elevate a chair which will be put on top the box. Richard that's a new one for me, and I have not found a code citation for elevated salon chairs.
Question: Do exterior contrete stairs leading to two terraces apartments have to be a certain width? NOTE: The installation of all inclined stairway chairlifts are subject to local building codes, fire regulations, and contractors licensure. In my OPINION the standards and model codes give some leeway to the LOCAL building code official (who's final word is law) to accept a narrowing of the stairway to provide for the inclined stairway lift installation, provided that means of egress for walking residents is not unduly hampered.
OSHA estimates that there are 24,882 injuries and as many as 36 fatalities per year due to falls from stairways and ladders used in construction. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore. The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. The Millennium Falcon was a Corellian YT-1300 light freighter used by the smugglers Han Solo and Chewbacca during the Galactic Civil War.
Its aged appearance belied numerous advanced modifications to boost the ship's speed, weapons and shield, including a hyperdrive engine among the fastest in the entire galaxy, enabling it to outrun Imperial Star Destroyers. After Han was captured on Bespin, Lando took command of the Falcon once more to search for him, and later flew the ship at the Battle of Endor, where it entered the Death Star II and destroyed it from within. In addition to its renowned hyperdrive, which supposedly made the Falcon the "fastest ship in the galaxy," the ship was equipped with a backup hyperdrive.
The Millennium Falcon's destiny as a tool for a small-time smuggling operation was changed when it was chartered by Obi-Wan Kenobi and Luke Skywalker in the Mos Eisley Cantina for passage to Alderaan. In a matter of hours, the Millennium Falcon had once again escaped the Imperial Navy, this time with the rescued Princess Leia Organa onboard. Three years after the Battle of Yavin, the Falcon was undergoing repairs in the main hangar of the Rebel installation Echo Base as the Empire began its assault on Hoth.
Forced to take drastic measures to avoid capture, Solo made the decision to pilot the Falcon into a nearby asteroid field in an attempt to lose the Imperial pursuers.


After its close encounter with the Empire, the Falcon journeyed to Bespin's Cloud City, where Han's old acquaintance, Lando Calrissian, held the position of Baron Administrator. During the following months, the Falcon served as home base to Leia, Luke, and Lando as they tracked Fett in an attempt to save Solo.
During the Battle of Endor, Lando and Sullustan copilot Nien Nunb flew the Falcon as Gold Leader.
More than two decades later, the Falcon was stolen from Han following his separation from Leia after their son fell to the dark side.
While in space flight, the Falcon was picked up by Han Solo and Chewbacca's sensors, and they promptly locked down the Falcon's systems so they could recapture it using a freighter they were then using for their smuggling operations. Following the attack on Maz Kanata's castle, Starkiller Base prepared to fire on D'Qar, and the Resistance devised a plan to sneak onto the surface and lower the planetary shields so the fighters could attack the superweapon's weak spot. After the confrontation with Kylo Ren following the death of Han Solo, Chewbacca rescued Finn and Rey aboard the Falcon, managing to escape the planet as it exploded.
It was speculated that the Falcon would make an appearance in Revenge of the Sith to further tie the prequel trilogy to the original trilogy, and the ship did indeed make a cameo in the movie. For stairs enclosed by a wall on both sides, usually the stairway width is the distance between those walls.
The measurement locations for determining a stairway width are illustrated in our photo at left, courtesy Galow Homes.
The stairway shall have landings at each floor, or level, of not less than 30 inches in the direction of travel and extend at least 24 inches in width at every 12 feet or less of vertical rise.
Because the local building code inspector has the final authority, I'd give them a call and ask for advice.
You'd need to extend the horizontal run and add steps to lower the individual rise or add a platform or landing to achieve the same. Nearly half of these injuries are serious enough to require time off the job--11,570 lost workday injuries and 13,312 non-lost workday injuries occur annually due to falls from stairways and ladders used in construction.
The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. It included sensor-proof smuggling compartments, which were used during the rescue of Princess Leia Organa to evade Imperial stormtroopers.
During this battle, the starship's circular sensor dish was knocked off as Calrissian piloted it through the Death Star's interior. Compared to the primary engine, it was much slower and often took several weeks or months to reach the nearest star system. The Falcon was forced to blast its way out of Mos Eisley when a garrison of stormtroopers attacked the ship in an attempt to recover its cargo. After chasing a single TIE fighter stranded in what appeared to be empty space, the Falcon was captured by one of the first Death Star's tractor beams and secured aboard the massive space station.
After a fleeing battle with Imperial fighters and a trip through hyperspace, the ship arrived at the secret Alliance base on Yavin 4.
As the Alliance scrambled to escape the base, Solo and Chewbacca hurried to make the ship spaceworthy.
After the planetary shield protecting the second Death Star was destroyed, the Falcon and several Alliance fighters entered the battle station through a conduit port and headed towards the reactor core. It was in turn stolen several other times before sitting unused for several years in Niima Outpost on the junkyard planet Jakku, under the possession of junkboss Unkar Plutt.
Upon boarding their old vessel, Han and Chewie went about inspecting their ship and found Rey and Finn hiding, whom they assumed were the thieves that had stolen the Falcon. At the beginning of one shot closing in on a docking bay on Coruscant, a freighter is seen flying in to dock.
Stair tread depth is defined above as the horizontal distance from nose to nose or from riser face to nose on open riser stairs.
The wide stair requires a center handrailing, typically leaving 36" on either side of the center handrail. More unfortunate if readers don't continue along to discover that the horizontal members described in ((B) above must be further enclosed with balusters.
I've found that the folks in the building department are very helpful when they see that someone wants to do right rather than trying to get over on the inspector. The adhesion and friction forces of the confined biopolymer were monitored as a function of time, shearing distance, and driving velocity under a large range of compressive loads (pressures). Study of frictional values of car tires involved in collisions on snow or ice covered roadways. Afterwards, the Millennium Falcon saw further action when Solo chose to join the Rebels during the Battle of Yavin, where it was able to sneak up on Darth Vader's TIE Advanced. It also narrowly avoided capture by a couple of Star Destroyers before making the jump to lightspeed.


Thanks to quick thinking by those aboard the Falcon, the ship was made to appear as if the crew had escaped soon after taking off from Tatooine.
During the ship's stay on the battlestation, the Empire had planted a homing device onboard the Falcon which it used to pursue the Princess to this location.
Princess Leia was cut off from her transport by a tunnel cave-in and was forced to make her escape from Hoth on board the Falcon accompanied by Han, Chewbacca and C-3PO.
Space was limited in the conduit tunnels leading to the core and the relatively large Falcon lost its sensor dish when the ship clipped a conduit in the tunnel. When Rey and Finn explained that they were going to take a droid named BB-8 to the Resistance as he had a map that would reveal Luke's location, Han and Chewie agreed to help them.
But a stair top landing is not required if the the stairs rise to a doorway at which the door opens away from the stairwell. This is not a residential building code requirement, but this text in our OPINION models stair construction safety & design specifications.
More importantly, they show that compliance with OSHA's requirements for the safe use of ladders and stairways could have prevented many of these injuries. Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. It was searched by stormtroopers and it was reported that there were no passengers on-board. As the Rebels scrambled to organize a preemptive attack on the massive Death Star, Solo loaded his reward on board the Falcon and departed the moon. Solo used the ship's uncanny maneuverability and his piloting skills to elude an Imperial Star Destroyer chasing them, and two more emerging from hyperspace.
They attempted to jump to lightspeed but once again, the hyperdrive was not fully repaired.
Lando was able to pilot the craft into the energy core housing the main reactor, fired upon the reactor, and headed for the exhaust port. On the way, when the Falcon began to malfunction, the mechanically savy Rey, who was sitting in the cockpit to the right of Han, made a modification to the ship by simply bypassing a faulty converter.
I have tried to research the New York State building codes on line but can find no reference to start. Galow specializes in residential construction including both new homes and repairs, renovations, and additions. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Their search had managed to miss the crew who were hidden in a series of secret smuggling holds who then proceeded to kill a scanning crew before they could be detected by the scanner. Han's maneuvers in the Falcon caused the two Star Destroyers approaching and the one pursuing to nearly collide with each other. Han then used the landing claw of the Falcon to attach to a blind spot on the conning tower of the Star Destroyer.
The Falcon barely succeeded in outrunning the massive explosion that destroyed the powerful battlestation. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material.
Solo and his ship returned just in time to cover Luke Skywalker in his last-ditch effort to destroy the station and secure the safety of the Rebel Alliance. The Falcon then attempted to make the jump into lightspeed, but was stopped short by an equipment malfunction. Adhering to standard Imperial procedure, the Star Destroyers of Death Squadron ejected all scrap and garbage before entering hyperspace. After rescuing Luke, who was dangling from a weather vane on the underside of Cloud City, the ship left the planet and attempted to jump to lightspeed.
Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order. Han then signaled Chewbacca to release the claw, allowing the Falcon to "float away with the rest of the garbage." Boba Fett, however, saw through this ruse, and waited behind in the Slave I, following the Falcon as it left the system. The crew were unaware that the recently repaired hyperdrive had been disabled by Vader's men, and only a last minute patch by R2-D2 prevented the Falcon from falling into Imperial hands.



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