The easiest way to build the roof of the 12×16 shed in just a weekend is easy, but you need to take a few aspects into account. Building a roof for a large shed is a straight forward job, especially if you plans everything from the very beginning.
Smart Tip: Building front and back overhangs for the shed will not only enhance the look of the construction, but also protect the building from heavy rain. After installing all the wooden trusses to the top plates, you need to continue the project by fitting the gable ends.
Building the overhangs is a straight forward job, if you follow the right plans and use adequate materials. Make sure you coutersink the head of the screws and drill pilot holes, to prevent the wood from splitting.
You could adjust the size of the sheets to the right shape using a circular saw with a sharp blade.
One of the last steps of this project is to attach the 1×6 trims to ends of the wooden rafters, as well as to the side ends of the large shed.
Thank you for reading our article about how to build a roof for a 12×16 shed and we recommend you to check out the rest of our projects. Haha… If I had time I would come to give a hand to everybody, as sawdust is my addiction. For anyone else making this, you might want to go with 9 boards for your roof instead of 8. Why do the overhangs require 2 x 6 spacers if the frame itself is made of 2 x 4 construction ??? Building the valley of the roof is a complex project, but any person can get the job done if the right plans are used.
Use a spirit level to align the components and to check if the ridge boards are perfectly horizontal. Smart Tip: Building an L-shaped roof is complex project, but any person with basic woodworking skills can get the job done in just a few hours. Fitting the valley rafters to the ridge boards is a straight-forward job, if the right tools and techniques are used. Installing the rest of the rafters is not difficult, if you have all the components and place them equally spaced.
Building the roof components is easy, if you use proper plans, quality materials and the right tools. Smart Tip: Check out the rest of the project to see how to install the roof decking and the overhang of the l-shaped shed. Thank you for reading our project about how to build an L-shaped roof and we recommend you to check out the rest of the projects. Nearly four out of five new homes built in America use manufactured roof trusses to frame the roof. Less costly than stick roof framing because they are made of shorter lengths of two by four stock as opposed to the larger framing members required of conventional rafter and ceiling framing. Trusses can be designed for nearly any ceiling or roof combination required in modern custom homes. Trusses can usually be erected in one day, reducing the amount of time the inside of the new home is exposed to outside weather conditions. Web supports are utilized to hold the top chord in the proper position, at intermediary points from the peak to the bearing point.
Metal gussets are used everywhere the web supports and king post intersect the top and bottom chord as well as at the bearing point. Tail of the truss is used to make the eave or overhang and provides a way to attach soffit and fascia.
Raised heel trusses are taller at the bearing point and allow for additional insulation at the outside edge of the building. Girder trusses are used to eliminate the need for a load bearing wall and placed where two roof lines intersect. Mono trusses are half of a common truss and usually placed at a ninety degree angle to the girder truss. A truss is a frame that supports loads by efficiently transferring its forces to end supports.
If the roof eave extends beyond the gable end wall by more than 1' then a dropped gable is normally used to support the roof sheathing.

A transition gable occurs when a run of smaller span trusses leads up to parallel longer span trusses. A Valley Set (in red) is a group of trusses that sit on top of other trusses in order to change the way the roof looks. Crushing at the heel - Sometimes the forces transferred through the wood into the bearing wall are enough to cause the wood to crush over time unless a bearing block is used. All trusses are simply a triangular support designed to support a peaked structure, your roof. Measure the width of the building you intend to build and cut a 2-by-4 to this measurement, or 1 foot longer than this measurement if you want a 6-inch overhang on each side.
Lay the 2-by-4 on the ground, and arrange two more 2-by-4 boards to form the peak of your truss.
Cut the two boards at the proper angle so they lay flush together at the top of the truss and flush to the horizontal beam, on a miter saw. Measure and cut two angle braces, and a vertical brace to fit between the angled beams and the horizontal beams.
If you are building a storage shed and have made it to the roof you may be wondering how to build the shed roof. After the shed truss has been drawn on the ground you will put a 2×4 rafter board on the drawing and transfer the marks for the ridge peak cut and the birds mouth cuts onto the rafter board and then make the cuts on the rafter with a circular saw.
Use this first rafter to as a template to cut out a second roof rafter. Place both rafters on the full size template that you drew on the ground and attach them together with a gusset. There is a full explanation of how to build a shed roof at icreatables on the page How To Build A Shed Roof.
After building the base of the shed and fitting the wall frames, you need to continue your project by fitting the rafters and the rest of the roofing components. If you want to get the job done quickly or you don’t have a large expertise in the field, we recommend you to build a gable roof for your storage construction. In order job get the job done accurately, we recommend you to build all the components and afterwards to lock them together tightly. In addition, make sure the size of the overhangs fit your needs, as later will be impossible to change something.
As you can see in the image, you need to make sure the strips of roofing felt overlap at least 2”. As you can see in the image, you need to adjust the size of the trims with a circular saw, making sure you don’t tear the edges. Therefore, in order to get the job done as a professional, you need to check if the roof structure is secured properly together. Don’t forget to share our projects with your friends, by using the social media widgets.
Tom built this shed, as you can see in the Your Photos section, so it is not an impossible project.
Building a gable roof for an L-shaped shed is easy, if professional plans and tools are used. As you will easily see in this article, you need to make several miter cuts, otherwise the components won’t fit into place properly. It is essential to plan everything form the very beginning, otherwise you might face issues during the project. In order to fit the components into place, you should secure them to the shed framing, at both ends. As you can see in the image, you also need to fit the bottom rafters, as to give enough support to the structure. After marking the cut lines of the 2×4 lumber, you should adjust the components at the right size, by using a circular saw with a sharp blade. Use a good saw to miter cut the ends of the rafters, otherwise they won’t fit into place properly.
In order to get a professional result, fill the holes and the gaps with wood filler and let it dry out for a few hours. Advantages of Prefabricated Trusses Trusses span longer distances and eliminate the need for inside load bearing walls. The Common Roof Truss The common truss can be recognized by its triangular shape and will make up the bulk of any new home truss package. The top chord of the gable is dropped so that the framer can run a series of outlookers (or ladders) from the fascia back to the first common truss.

In fact, the simple roof trusses to build are often the best ones to use. A roof built with a truss is always much stronger than any other type of roof because a roof truss is designed for strength, to withstand the various forces placing pressure on a roof structure.
Use a compass to set the proper angle and a tape measure to measure the length of each board.
Most roofs measure between 25 and 45 degrees in angle slope; for a common shed roof, 30 degrees is suitable. Set metal plate braces (also called mending plates) across the two boards and pound them into the boards with a tamping tool or sledge hammer. There are many different types of trusses, this truss is called a queen post truss and it is ideal for buildings up to 22 feet wide. Shed roofs are often the hardest part of shed building because of the angles involved in building the shed trusses. With this knowledge you will be able to make a design and draw the roof truss with the proper roof pitch. Design everything from the very beginning, otherwise you won’t be able to make a cost estimate and you might be taken aback by many potential issues.
Afterwards, align the rafters at both ends and assemble the trusses on a perfectly level surface. Generally speaking, the trusses should be equally spaced, so place them every 24” on center.
Remember that it is essential to make all the roof trusses exactly the same, otherwise you won’t be able to install the roofing sheets.
The edges of the sheets should be flush with the roof, so make sure you take into account this aspect before inserting the screws. In addition, make sure there are no gaps between the shingles and the trims, otherwise fill them with beads of silicone. Any person with basic woodworking skills can get the job done, but you need to ask a friend to assist you, as one has to hold the components into place, while the other one drive the screws in.
After aligning the components into place, you should drill pilot holes and insert 4″ galvanized screws into the top plates and into the ridge boards.
Another aspect you have to take into account is to check if the ends of the rafters are level. Fit intermediate rafters to gable ends of the roof, in order to support the siding properly. Fit a bottom rafter at the bottom of the valley components, in order to hold them together tightly. Use a spirit level to check if the rafters are plumb, before drilling pilot holes and inserting the galvanized screws into place. The use of trusses enable the general contractor to construct homes that have more complex roof and ceiling designs with greater speed and accuracy. One of the tricks to designing a shed roof truss is to cut the truss in half to create two smaller triangles. The best way to draw the shed roof truss is to draw it full size on the ground. Drawing a full size drawing of the shed roof trusses on the ground greatly aids in visualizing and transferring the parts that need to be cut onto the roof rafter.
I am really glad you managed to get the done and I would love to see how your shed turns out. A gable roof will most certainly add character to your project, although it requires significant work and craftsmanship.
Each chord is fastened together with a gusset, or a brace of either plywood, flakeboard or metal braces.
The angles and cut lines for shed trusses are actually quite simple to produce once you understand some basic concepts about roofs. By doing this you will create a 90 degree angle at the center which makes it much easier to figure out the other two angles. Regarding those 2 pieces of 2×6 lumber left, I think you have to send them back or use them for another awesome project. I spent a few days looking around for what I felt was a good, full set of plans and I arrived at yours. Not the best product, but it seems to work decent and add a small, yet noticeable extra layer of defense against water.

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