Storage Spaces was first introduced in Microsoft Server 2012 as a then-new andA  powerful tool to manage most storage devices connected to a PC. So, leta€™s discuss Storage Spaces, its main advantages, and problems you may encounter when working with it. With Storage Spaces, you can combine disks of different parameters and characteristics into a single storage. At first glance, it may seem that such a storage system will provide low performance; however, measurements show that performance is not that bad, at least in simple and mirrored configurations. Typical physical disks a€“ internal and external, from different vendors, of different form-factors, and so on. There is a new capability implemented in Storage Spaces using which you can create storage with the capacity more than physically available. For example, if you have two 2TB disks you can combine them into a pool and then create a 50TB thin-provisioned virtual disk.
Note that it is not necessary to use this capability because you always have the opportunity to create a virtual disk with fixed size (fixed-provisioned space).
The chart shows the configuration where four disks are combined into the pool on which then two different thin-provisioned spaces are created.
Simple: Similar to a RAID0 where user data is distributed across all the pool member disks. 3-way mirror: Similar to a regular mirror with the only difference being that there are three copies of user data distributed across the pool member disks allowing a system to survive a double disk failure. Parity: Resembles a RAID 5 where calculated parity data is stored along with user data thus ensuring the ability to survive a single disk failure. Double parity: In the latest version of Storage Spaces released together with Windows Server 2012 R2 one more layout was added. Simultaneously with Storage Spaces, Microsoft released a new filesystem a€“ Resilient File System (ReFS).
The ReFS driver checksums all the metadata on the mandatory basis and stored the checksum separately from the metadata. If it is a mirrored volume, the ReFS driver commands the Storage Spaces driver to provide all the available copies of data, detects the correct one, and corrects the error.
With a non-mirrored layout, the only thing the ReFS driver can do is to find out that metadata is damaged and there is no possibility to correct it. Leta€™s emphasize it once again that all the above is not applicable for the NTFS formatted volumes. Everyone, make sure to leave your questions, comments and suggestions in the comments section below. HR Founder - Computer expert with over 15 years of experience in building, fixing and modifying PCs.
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Running a website with a lot of traffic is expensive, I must pay for hosting, domain name and a web developer to assist me. Think about how much money and time that I've helped you save, think about how much I've helped you or your business with my advice.
Have I mentioned all the time and money that I have helped you save through this and all of the other articles available on Hardware Revolution? The latest Best Deals post April 22th: Best deals on Laptops, Desktops, Components, Smartphones, Tablets, Digital Cameras, Storage, etc. Instant messaging, social networking websites, text messaging, voicemail and e-mail are some examples of electronic communication.
The ease of usage and several other advantages have made is a reality that e-mail has replaced several conventional forms of communication. Social Networks allow people to form communities and keep in touch with each other, share updates, follow developments in each other lives, share pictures and send messages. Social networking websites offer several advantages including open communication, a great way of meeting old friends, a platform for posting news, asking questions, sharing links, discussing ideas and an excellent way of promoting websites and businesses. There is no doubt that there are some huge advantages of using electronic communication over traditional methods of communication, but it also has some flaws. In case of e-mail, if you are not careful on how to use e-mail, it may lead to a number of dysfunctions. Talking about social networking websites, it is a breeding ground for frauds and predators. Storage Spaces is a new feature in Windows 8 that can combine multiple hard drives into a single virtual drive.
You can even create pools of storage larger than the amount of physical storage space you have available. To create a storage space, you’ll have to connect two or more additional drives to your computer – you can’t use your system drive for this. You can open the Storage Spaces configuration window from the Control Panel or by bringing up the Start screen with the Windows key, typing “Storage Spaces,” clicking the Settings category and selecting the Storage Spaces shortcut. If you haven’t set up a storage space yet, you’ll only see a link to create a new storage space. Select the drives you want to use for the storage space and click the “Create pool” button to continue. Windows will tell you the maximum physical capacity of your pooled drives, but you can specify an arbitrarily large logical size.
Parity: Windows stores parity information with the data, protecting you from a single drive failure. After you’ve entered your settings, click the “Create storage space” button and Windows will create and format the storage space.
Your new storage space will appear in Windows Explorer as a normal drive with a single drive letter. After creating a storage space, you can revisit the Storage Spaces control panel to view information about your storage spaces.
If you’re interested in seeing more technical information about the Storage Spaces feature, check out this poston Microsoft’s “Building Windows 8” blog.
HOW-TO GEEK BOOKSRead our first book, the HTG Guide to Windows 8, or check our upcoming books.

Enter your email below to get exclusive access to our best articles and tips before everybody else. If you’re interested in seeing more technical information about the Storage Spaces feature, check out this post on Microsoft’s “Building Windows 8” blog. Delete whatever partitions already exist on the pen drive and recreate a big one that takes up the entire drive. Disclaimer: Most of the pages on the internet include affiliate links, including some on this site.
Windows Home Server was never a particularly popular product, but it did bring some interesting features to the table for the few who used it and became fans. Microsoft killed Drive Extender not long before pulling the plug on the Windows Home Server entirely, but the intent behind it lives on in Windows 8's new Storage Spaces feature. In essence, Storage Spaces takes most of Drive Extender’s underlying functionality and implements it in a way that is more technically sound. Storage Spaces allows you to take multiple disks of different sizes and interfaces—USB, SATA, SCSI, iSCSI, and SAS are among the supported interfaces—and group them together so the operating system sees them as one large disk. If all you want to do is combine two or more physical drives into one logical drive, you can do that by creating a "simple" storage space—however, if any one of your disks fails, you risk losing all of the data stored on that disk (and quite possibly data stored on the other disks as well). All of these different resiliency types store data in 256MB "slabs" that are invisible to the user, with the goal of protecting data in case of disk failure. In short, Storage Spaces offers the data protection provided by a RAID array without the rigid hardware requirements and planning required by RAID. When you create a new storage space, you might notice you’re capable of setting a maximum size that greatly exceeds the amount of actual physical storage in your pool. Thin provisioning does have some uses for home users—if, for example, you’d like more frequently changed files to use two-way or three-way mirroring, but you’d like to store seldom-used files in Parity mode to save space—but it should prove especially useful for business users. As an example: say you’ve got ten users and want to provide each of them with 100GB of space on your file server.
You will want to be careful about using too little physical space for too many storage spaces, though.
Running out of physical disk space will unmount storage spaces until they're re-mounted manually or until more space is added. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Conde Nast.
Since then the updated version was released where, on the one hand, some limitations found in the first version were eliminated and, on the other hand, new functionality was added.
For example, you can have rotational hard drives and SSDs in the same pool, disks connected via USB and SATA, not to mention disks of different vendors and form-factors. Something that from the software point of view looks like a typical disk, while actually it has complex structure, powered by the Storage Spaces driver and probably several different physical disks. As soon as physically available disk space runs out, Storage Spaces asks you to add more disks. This layout is similar to a RAID6, which utilizes two different parities meaning that a system can survive a double disk failure. Thus, when you create virtual disks on the Storage Spaces pools you can format them to either NTFS or ReFS. All this helps the ReFS driver to find out that there is a problem with metadata because of the difference in checksums.
In this case, the drives just removes damaged metadata from the filesystem namespace while still providing access to the rest of the virtual disk. In the next article, we will discuss the basic aspects you should take into account when creating your own Storage Spaces server.
I also need to pay for an office space, computer equipment, furniture, as well as cover my living costs (Place to live, food, clothes, phone, utility bill, etc.). I suggest $20 because if you think about it, a consultation to help you find the best computer hardware for your needs, from an expert with nearly 15 years of experience like me would cost you at the very least that, if not even more. There is no doubt that electronic communication has completely changed the way people communicate and interact with each other.
Other than being absolutely free, e-mail is also easy to use, easy to prioritize and easy to refer. Advanced computer technology and popularity of Internet usage has made it possible to use Instant Messengers and communicate with people who are located very far from us, without any hassles. With the help of a web camera and video chatting applications, you can not only interact with a person, you can also see with whom you are communicating.
The first obvious advantage is that you can reach anyone instantaneously, irrespective of time. Blogging is a kind of online journaling that helps people speak their mind and also keep in touch with friends and family. There are several social networking websites such as Facebook, MySpace, Linked In and Twitter where people can register, create an account and start communicating with businesses, family and friends, celebrities and others.
Social networking websites target a broad range of audience and that is why, it is also considered to be an excellent business tool. Several cases have come up where internet predators have used malicious means to cheat and influence innocent adolescents. It can mirror data across multiple drives for redundancy or combine multiple physical drives into a single pool of storage. When the physical storage fills up, you can plug in another drive and take advantage of it with no additional configuration required.
Once you’ve set up a storage space, information about your system’s storage spaces will appear here. You’ll lose any files that are already on the drive – copy any important files off the drives before pooling them.
The name and drive letter are self-explanatory – the storage space will appear as the drive letter you specify here. The storage space appears no different from a normal, physical drive to Windows and the programs you use. From this window, you can view the available space in your storage pool, add additional drives, and create new storage spaces. The Storage Spaces feature may have bugs – don’t trust all your personal data to a storage space just yet.

Drive extender was able to allocate and move storage based on protection settings, size of media and size of content in the shared folder..
Early versions of Drive Extender sometimes corrupted data when copying files between drives and mangled file metadata, but the underlying filesystem improvements made to support Storage Spaces should make it much more robust, at least in theory.
A group of physical disks is called a pool, and on top of that pool you can create one or more storage spaces. To prevent this, Storage Spaces offers several resiliency options to keep your files duplicated across all of the drives in the pool so disk failure won’t result in data loss.
In a storage space with two-way mirroring enabled, a copy of every slab is kept on both disks so that if one goes down, no user data will be lost. Adding more space and swapping out bad disks can be done on-the-fly as needed, replicating the hassle-free storage experience espoused by home NAS providers like Drobo. You can even create multiple storage spaces per pool, each with different resiliency types and sizes.
Continuing our example from above, if you’ve got one power user who actually needs 200GB of space but most of your users are hardly using their allocated space at all, you can expand your power user’s storage space size without affecting your other users or needing to add more physical disks to your storage pool.
When a storage space runs out of physical disk space, it will immediately unmount itself, causing any connections to the drive or file copy operations to be cut off. However, Microsoft highlights that maximum efficiency is achieved when you use ReFS on the Storage Spaces virtual disks.
If used effectively, electronic communication can herald all barriers of communication, whether you do it for business or some personal purpose. You essentially require an e-mail account for sending your message, important documents, media files, spreadsheets, images and a lot more at someone else’s e-mail account. Instead people these days prefer sending an e-mail which is a more appropriate and fool-proof method of communication. Moreover, messages are sent within a blink of the eye and the connection is also quite fast.
With the help of instant messengers like Windows live messenger, Skype messenger, Gmail chat or AOL Instant Messenger, we can directly send message or chat with our friends, relatives and acquaintances, without spending a dime. However, something that you must always watch out for is to not open or download files that unknown people send across. Amongst other advantages, video chatting using Internet does not require you to spend money, you may also use business-conferencing feature and interact with more than one person at a time. Blogs are updated on daily basis, at times, several times a day and covers details about a person’s life and interest. Moreover, if a blog is public, people from all around the world can access it by using Internet, can read it and follow. These days, it is possible to access social networking website accounts through mobile phones and stay connected with family and friends throughout the day. When you are communicating face-to-face with someone, you can reaffirm the message that is being sent with help of the body language and the tone of voice.
One has to practice safe networking techniques in order to stay away from such vulnerabilities.
The storage space will appear to Windows and other programs as a drive that has 500GB of available storage.
So I selected format… and open dialog box, there was named Capacity box with value of only 128MB. Its claim to fame was allowing users to pool their system's hard drives so they were seen by the operating system as one large hard drive. Allocating space to data duplication will reduce the amount of space available for data storage, but in almost all circumstances this is a sacrifice worth making. The user should then be able to add new disks to the pool, at which point the rest of the disks in the pool will fill it up with the required slabs to restore data redundancy.
Actual space on the physical disks will be allocated to your users as they actually use it, and if you get to the point where your 500GB storage pool is getting full, you can add more disks later on to expand the pool. Files can still be accessed if the space is manually brought back online from within the Storage Spaces control panel, but you won't be able to copy anything else to it until you add more disk space to your storage pool. The largest capacity of the two, which is visible to the operating system, is called a€?advertised sizea€?. The best part about e-mailing or using any form of electronic communication is that it does not cause any harm to the environment. Most of the times, such files contain nothing but virus that can halt the working of your computer, giving you a lot of trouble. You may also use an external program like Gmail, Skype or Windows Live video chat to make a video conversation possible.
Moreover, if you are conferencing for business purposes, you may also share data sheets and PowerPoint presentations online. When the drive begins to fill up and nears the 40GB physical limit, Windows will display a notification in the Action Center, prompting you to add additional physical storage space.
This obviated the need to keep track of free space across several disks, and it also allowed users to automatically mirror their data to multiple disks at once, keeping their files safe in the event of drive failure. Three-way mirroring gives you less usable space than two-way mirroring, but can tolerate the failure of up to two disks at once.
Below are different electronic Communication types along with their strengths and weaknesses which will aid you in choosing the best mode of electronic communication for yourself. You can create as many multiple storage spaces as you want and operating system will fetch them as logical drives. Storage spaces offers you resiliency levels to keep your files safe from failure or damages.
But this method is recommended by Microsoft only for copying large files and folders which are rarely accessed.One last words about storage spaces, you can freely add as many drives as you want and swap out the bad or failing drive. For example, if you build storage space using 5GB and 25 GB of disks, the first 5 GB of disks will be used first and when it fills completely, storage space will asks you to add another drive regardless the space still available on your 25 GB of disks.Windows 8 storage spaces is pretty good with bunch of functionality and gives you many advantages only when you know how to use it and can troubleshoot any addressed error.

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