DC Builders has a an extensive gallery that showcases our many remarkable custom apartment barns.
This custom timber framed 60' apartment barn features 16' eaves to accommodate custom 12' x 14' swinging garage doors on the gable ends and 12' x 10' overhead doors in the sidewall.A custom log spiral staircase with rod iron hand rail leads up to a finished loft with a 12' x 12' covered deck and wet bar. After a 24 hour drive (straight), to say we were welcomed with open arms is a huge understatement! This custom barn with living quarters in Newnan, Georgia has a full loft living quarters with two 60' shed dormers; one with two Nantucket walk-out shed dormers, and another with three walk out shed dormers. The main level of this facility has five horse stalls, ATV storage, a large office, batting cages, and a custom pigeon coop.
As Washington's premier barn builder, we were privileged to be part of the construction of this top of the line equestrian facility.
This cedar-finished barn can be found on the grassy plains of Wild Horse Ranch near Laramie, Wyoming. Please note you will lose your question and answer privileges if your account is in debt for more than 2 weeks.
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Laminated Veneer Lumber is a high-strength engineered wood product made from veneers bonded together under heat and pressure.
Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) is a high-strength engineered wood product used primarily for structural applications. Prior to lamination, the veneers are dried and the grains of each veneer are oriented in the same direction.
LVL provides a cost-effective and sustainable building material, delivering high structural reliability and strength.
Note: Some LVL members can be made with a few laminations laid up at right angles to enhance the shear strength of the member.
LVL may be subject to decay if there is a high moisture content or used in an unventilated area.
While there are no generic grades for LVL, it is generally not used for appearance-based applications. The Engineered Wood Products Association of Australasia (EWPAA), formerly Plywood Association of Australia, has operated a quality assurance program since 1963.
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)Rather than being manufactured from veneers, as the name suggests LSL is produced from timber strands. There is currently no Australian product standard or design rules for LSL, however manufacturers will have their own engineering data for the products they manufacture. Cross-banded LVLCross-banded LVL is manufactured by including one or two laminations in the cross section with the grain running perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the sheet. Short span deep beams produce very high shear stresses compared with the flexural stresses. Elements that are curve or taper cut from sheets have slope of grain that is at an angle to the flexural stresses. Elements that are used in an environment that may have changeable moisture content may tend to split on wetting and drying. Cross-banded LVL has a different set of properties to LVL with all plies parallel to the longitudinal axis. LVL and LSL acts similarly to solid timber during exposure to fire, and has a slow and predictable charring rate, dependent on the timber species.
When members are required to have a fire resistance rating, this can be calculated by subtracting a charred thickness from the original member size. For more information about fire resistance regulations please refer to C1.10 Fire Hazard Properties within the Building Code of Australia (BCA). As LVL is primarily used for permanent structural applications it is manufactured with a Type A bond using a phenolic resin-based adhesive (phenol formaldehyde) and is recognisable by its black gluelines.
It is important to remember that while the Type A bond is fully durable, the species may not always be in exposed weather situations. Depending on the timber species used, treatment may be required to ensure durability where LVL is subject to exposed weather situations. As with plywood, LVL can be treated with a range of preservative treatments including CCA (copper chrome arsenate), LOSPs (light organic solvent preservatives) and for veneers, Ruply and ACQ (Alkaline Copper Quaternary Compounds). Most softwood species can be treated with non-leachable preservative salts, which will impart decay resistance. Treatment methodsLVL can be treated during manufacture by impregnating veneers or surface treated after manufacture.
As LVL is a proprietary product, engineering properties, including span tables, are published by individual manufacturers. Engineering characteristicsThe properties of LVL show much less variation than those of both sawn timber and glulam.
The veneers that make up LVL are oriented in the same direction, which makes it an excellent material for beams, with spanning in one direction. LVL beams are normally straight, as the most cost-effective production is to cut a number of straight members out of one sheet; curved or tapered members can also be cut out of a single sheet although this will likely be more expensive. LVL can be used as primary roof members such as strutting beams, hanging beams, valley or hip rafters and ridge beams. When combined with stiff connections at the knee and ridge, LVL can be used in portal frames. LVL truss membersLVL has high tensile strength relative to sawn timber and high reliability. Truss members can be made from single pieces of LVL, but for very large loads, LVL can be glue-laminated to make large cross-section square or nearly square members. For on-site storage of LVL, it should be supported on level bearers to keep it flat, well clear of the ground for good ventilation and stored undercover to keep it dry prior to installation, and protected from the sun to prevent cupping.

LVL is not suitable for long term weather exposure unless preservative treated and finished with a protective coating. LVL beams can easily have holes cut in the web of the beam through which services can be installed. Each manufacturer or the Engineered Wood Panel Association of Australasia (EWPAA) can provide further advice for the location and size of holes. Ongoing maintenance and inspections will help to make sure rot and infestation does not occur in structural above-ground applications.
Concealed or exposed plates can also be used to secure butt connections such as in portal knee joints and joins in curved members.
Since people began building simple shelters, wooden framing has played an important role in shaping structures of many kinds. For buildings that require large spans and column free interiors, timber portal frames provide one of the most aesthetically pleasing solutions. A stunning residential renovation and addition that uses timber and timber products throughout with a commitment to sustainable design. A breathtaking addition to the Mingara Recreation Club campus on the NSW central coast, covering 2000sqm of commercial gymnasium over two levels. Narrabeen House a€“ an innovative use of timber and timber products creates a private paradise in the suburbs. A world first for its innovative use of LVL in the structure of a multia€?storey building, the NMIT building also incorporates a new generation of earthquake-A­resistant engineering technology. At the Peninsula Hot Springs Gregory Burgess Architects use timber to create environments that enhance the spirit. A striking eco-resort that embodies the essence of new and recycled timber working together to form a unique, innovative and sustainable development. An innovative coastal refurbishment where the use of timber contributed to an environmentally sustainable development while respecting the site's heritage significance. The goal of the project was to develop a low-impact building that blended seamlessly into the surrounding natural setting and showcased the visual, renewable energy and user well-being resources. A school becomes an integrated community hub where the versatile qualities of timber are used throughout to create an award-winning learning environment. Wesbeam is an Australian-owned manufacturer of quality Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) products for the construction industry. Dindas Australia is a national wholesale distributor and importer of timber and hardware products, with offices and major distribution facilities in South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland. DC Builders is the nation's premier designer and builder of these unique, hyper-functional structures. Commonly used for horse stalls, wash bays and tack rooms, but can be customized meet whatever your needs may be. As a general contractor that travels the country building custom apartment barns, we have all the experience you will need to assist you throughout the building process. The result was a stunning timber framed barn and a great place to spend time with friends and family. This 36' apartment barn developed into one of our all-time favorite structures upon completion in 2011. The main level consists of two stalls, a tack room, a wash bay, a garage, a custom stainless steel processing room with a commercial kitchen to support the clients' hunting hobby, and two full length shed roofs, one being fully enclosed for additional living space.
It features cedar board and batten siding, four dormers, a wash bay, a tack room, and a shed roof. We had to completely weatherproof this building to accommodate the extreme temperatures and strong winds. You may need to enable JavaScript in your browser's settings or turn off your ad blocker to get the most out of this page. It is comparable in strength to solid timber, concrete and steel and is manufactured by bonding together rotary peeled or sliced thin wood veneers under heat and pressure.
This makes LVL stronger, straighter and more uniform than solid timber and overcomes some of timber's natural limitations such as strength-reducing knots. The ability to cut different shapes from the LVL sheets allows for structural innovation using angular and curved shapes.
These are known as Cross-Banded LVLs and may need to be specially ordered, as it is not a commonly stocked item.
Although LVL is manufactured using a fully weatherproof glue, it is not recommended for use in permanent exposure to weather. If used for in-ground applications, LVL should be treated to protect against decay and termites. Manufactured sheets or billets are usually 1200 m and 2400 m wide and in standard thicknesses of 35, 36, 39, 45 and 63 mm.Lengths of up to 12 m are available from some manufacturers. This ensures that the LVL manufactured by mills participating in the scheme conforms to the relevant Australian Standard.
The cross-banding removes some of the wood fibre that contributes to bending strength and stiffness and substitutes it with fibre that contributes to shear strength. This would normally tend to cause splitting along the grain lines, but the cross-bands provide fibre with strength in the direction that will minimise those splits.
The shear strength is higher and the tensile strength perpendicular to the grain is also considerably higher. Timber laminate members that are to be fully exposed to the weather need to be protected against UV and moisture.
The level of preservative treatment specified for softwood laminated beams used in Service Class 3 applications should be H3. Preservative treating after manufacture or surface treating with 'brush on' preservatives should be done only after machining, sawing and boring has been completed.
The following information provides a general overview of the engineering characteristics of LVL.

In fact, LVL has a coefficient of variation in structural properties that is similar to Australian-produced hot rolled steel sections. Due to the long length, large depth and reliable strength with uniform stiffness that LVL offers, it is very effective for carrying loads over long spans. Care with sloping grain is needed in determining performance with curved or tapered members. LVL sections can be quite slender (a high depth to breadth ratio), so care should be made to provide torsional stability to the member at its supports.
In all truss applications, the limiting factor is the connection, so for very large loads, complex high capacity connections will be required.
While some light handling damage may be acceptable for non-appearance structural applications, care should be taken to prevent damage to exposed edges or corners where the member is to be visually exposed. However, short-term exposure during the construction process does not affect LVL's performance.
Traditional fasteners such as nails, screws and bolts can be used as well as proprietary metal connectors such as framing anchors, joist hangers etc.
The surface finish is usually of low architectural quality - similar in appearance to lower grade plywood, except that it does not have its veneers laid at right angles - with rough glue lines often visible.
Often used as part of a€?cathedral ceilinga€™ systems, timber can be specified light or heavy to suit the chosen theme and style.
One of the most popular types of wooden framing is known as lightweight timber construction. Utilising modern engineering technology, portal frame design transforms timber into a highly effective, efficient and economical structural product. We framed the structure with canyon gold lumber and finished the exterior with cedar batten and board siding and a 4" thick Columbia basalt wainscoting (around 3 sides) with a stone sitting area under one of the shed roofs.
The loft is used for hay storage and as a place to just hang out and be close to the animals (with a wet bar!). With the all-wood exterior, three dormers, a 36' x 60' footprint, and shed roofs on both sides, this elegant barn is both extremely functional and wildly beautiful.
LVL was developed in the 1970s and is today used for permanent structural applications including beams, lintels, purlins, truss chords and formwork. This gives orthotropic properties (different mechanical properties against different axes) in a similar way to the properties of sawn timber, rather than the isotropic properties (the same mechanical properties in each direction) in the plane of plywood. If ongoing exposure is planned, products can be specially manufactured with a preservative treatment for the particular application. Termite resistance LVL is generally manufactured from Durability Class 4 (non-durable) softwood but needs to also be preservative treated to be termite resistant.
This engineering data is available from the relevant manufacturer, together with span tables for common applications.
The flexural strength is marginally lower and the Modulus of Elasticity parallel to grain is also a little lower. LVL can be preservative treated, however some chemical treatments may not be suitable so it is always best to check with manufacturers. If exposed to strong oxidising agents, sulphides and alkalis, ‘pulping' action (timber becomes very fibrous) may occur, so specialist advice should be sought regarding the choice of timber species and adhesive for specific applications.
This can be achieved with blocking pieces between members or a strap over the top of the beam. However, where required, products can be fine sanded and painted to give a similar finish to solid painted timber, creating a more visually appealing finish. This application guide provides a comprehensive overview of the process of using timber in the specification, fabrication and erection of portal frame structures. Nantucket dormers, each with their own timber truss, bring character to the building and additional head space to the living area, and six skylights provide natural light. LVL can be used wherever sawn timber is used however one of the main advantages is that it can be manufactured to almost any length, restricted only by transportation to site. The added durability of being an engineered wood product means LVL is less prone to shrinking or warping. Treatment to H2 level with a Light Organic Solvent Preservative would usually be sufficient. Depending on the fire performance requirement, metal connectors may need special fire protection. Deep members may need fly bracing to prevent lateral torsional buckling of beams under wind uplift loading.
Where a design is based on a particular size and brand of LVL or LSL, substitution with another brand should not be made without engineering advice. A solar panel sits over the second floor deck, and an electrical vehicle charging station adds to the list of green features.
A perfect example of a multi-use structure, this barn is also used for weddings and parties.
Where large shear forces need to be carried (particularly in the connections), then it may be necessary to use cross-banded LVL. Horse barns, sheds, outbuildings, multi-story homes, single family homes: you name it, we can build it for you. Also, Tax Credits may apply on your new project; Energy Star Rated materials available for roofing and siding.

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