Forgotten NY was the first recipient of the Outstanding NYC Website award by the Guides Association of NYC in March 2015! Forgotten New York is a program of the Greater Astoria Historical Society, a non-profit organization supported by the Long Island City community. In August 2012 I walked a convoluted route from the West 233rd Street station on the #2 elevated northwest, east and northwest again through Woodlawn Heights (or is it Woodlawn? On August 31, 1778, 17 Mohican Indians, led by Chief Abraham Nimham and fighting on the side of the patriots, were massacred after their defeat by Colonel John Graves Simcoe and his Queens Rangers, fighting for the Crown. East 233rd Street, one of the busiest east-west streets in northern Bronx, runs from Jerome Avenue near Indian Field east to Boston (Post) Road at the Hutchinson River.
Crossing the Bronx River and its Parkway, you are on the southern edge of Woodlawn Heights and are in view, on your left, of Woodlawn Cemetery, which, along with Brooklyn’s Green-Wood Cemetery is the premier garden cemetery in NYC.
Woodlawn, or Woodlawn Heights, is a parallelogram of territory defined by the Bronx River, Van Cortlandt Park, Woodlawn Cemetery, and the Bronx-Westchester County Line, which forms the northern boundary of VCP but runs across several cross streets here. According to the NY Times in 2011, 44% of Woodlawn’s population was of Irish extraction. Pubs, almost all of which display the Irish tricolor in addition to the Stars and Stripes, come thick and fast along Katonah Avenue. Brendan Behan (1923-1964; shown here with Jackie Gleason) was a poet, writer, novelist, playwright, and Irish Republican Army supporter. These signs installed along Katonah Avenue seem to set the issue straight, Woodlawn or Woodlawn Heights. Usually, union headquarters are nondescript affairs, but this is actually a quite handsome one at 4332 Katonah for Local 147 Tunnelworkers. Prime Cuts, a butcher shop, uses illuminated lettering reminiscent of that used in medieval items such as the Book of Kells, which is displayed at Trinity College in Dublin. ForgottenFan Joe Brennan, in Comments: The Arcadia book “Northwest Bronx” identifies the church at Katonah and 241st as originally the Methodist Episcopal Church of Woodlawn Heights. There’s an unusual space at Katonah Avenue and East 242nd just before the Bronx-Westchester line where the Bx 31, Bx 34 and Bx Manhattan Express #4 buses turn around. Here we also find an unusual memorial installed by the Department of Environmental Protection in honor of the tunnelworkers and sandhogs (see above) who lost their lives in the construction of Tunnel #3. At the county line, the confluence of Van Cortlandt Park East and Katonah Avenue becomes Kimball Avenue, a major north-south Yonkers route. Yonkers, just over the northwest Bronx line, is the 4th most populous city in NY State, after New York City, Buffalo and Rochester; yes, it is larger than Albany and Syracuse.
What is now Yonkers was part of a land grant in the Dutch colonial era purchased in July 1645 by Adriaen van der Donck, a scholar, author and local political leader. In recent years, Yonkers has modified it street signage to look almost exactly like the green and white signs with the Highway Gothic font used by NYC (and even newer signs use the upper and lower case Cleartype font, matching NYC’s new signs). The all caps Highway Gothic is still the handsomest new street sign, with an authority Cleartype can’t match, in my opinion.
Ned Devine’s, on McLean east of Kimball, has a couple of painted scenes presumably showing life in Ireland. McLean Avenue is also lined with Irish-associated businesses, especially between the Bronx River and Kimball Avenue. A hand-lettered locksmith awning sign and a vintage neon liquor store sign, likely from the 1950s.
Despite the overwhelming Irishness, there is also a trace of Italian along McLean Avenue with a few pizzerias plus this pasticceria in the Italian flag colors of white, red and green on its neon sign.
Another time I was in Yonkers, a guy at a gas station asked me what I was doing when he caught me shooting photos of some Westy Silverliners along Bronx River Road.
I would, though, like to get to the bottom of why photography is considered so aberrant by so many, from cops on down.
Southern Westchester County, while it gets quite rural the further north you go, is fairly indistinguishable from the northern Bronx here in Yonkers. Once again, Westchester County and NYC green and white street signs are quite similar in appearance. As I walked nearly the whole length of McLean Avenue this trip, I noticed a couple of vintage guy-wire stoplights.
Bottom: To those who live beyond their hearts offer tribute as our memories of their sacrifices glow ever vivid with esteem and love. NYC, however, determines this piece of McLean Avenue to be a part of East 240th Street, so officially, McLean Avenue does not appear in NYC street directories. The Rivers Edge pub is a few feet away from the Bronx River which, believe it or not, is the only true river within the 5 boroughs. I suspect that is why it has not turned into an unlivable getto filled with crime and thugs, and unemployed bumbs, who pay no taxes. God Bless the Irish, their hard working families and their love of God, country and learning. A possible reason for the hostile reception you received from the guys at the drug store was that they or their parents are illegals.
A random memory tells me that the stone church at the NE corner of Katonah and E 241st was, in my childhood (1938-1951), a Methodist church.
In reference to the one intersection with five street names,(Nereid Av, Bronx River Rd, McLean Av, 240th St, and Webster Av), the Nereid Av section is known to all the locals as the 238th St Bridge.
According to the Google Map accompanying this FNY page, it looks like Part 2 will track part of the trolley’s route. If I’m not mistaken, the Yonkers Ferry (from Yonkers Pier, still extant, to Alpine NJ) continued operating until 1957, or so.
Heading west again on McLean, here’s a wood sign welcoming travelers to Yonkers, featuring the relatively rarely-used Korinna type font. Originally School #11, this handsome building on Wakefield Avenue between Hyatt and Woodlawn is now the Yonkers Montessori Academy.
Montessori education is an educational approach developed by Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori. Montessori education is characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological development, as well as technological advancements in society. Wakefield Avenue ascends an especially steep hill to its western end at Kimball Avenue and the edge of the Hillview Reservoir.
Crossing McLean Avenue and heading west on Delano Avenue, I found a couple of notable street names. Aqueduct Avenue, which runs from Van Cortlandt Park North to Hillview, runs on top of the underground New Croton Aqueduct, constructed in 1890 as an addition to the older Croton Aqueduct. Old Jerome Avenue, which runs a couple of blocks from VCP North to a dead end just north of Delano, is indeed part of what used to be an northern extension of the Bronx’ Jerome Avenue. Today, Jerome Avenue ends at East 233rd and the Major Deegan Expressway in Van Cortlandt Park. On Lee and McLean Avenues, this stoplight is not quite as vintage as the one I showed in Part 1, but it’s still an old model, possibly the 1950s or 1960s. To get around a steep hill, here McLean Avenue takes a severe turn to the north, turning west again after a few hundred feet. This domed residence on Lawton Street was more impressive before it was visited by the God of Siding.
Roadside flower and vegetable stand on McLean Avenue west of Saw Mill River Parkway, which is what Henry Hudson Parkway becomes at the Bronx line. Since McLean Avenue runs northwest and ends at Broadway pretty much in the heart of Yonkers, which was further than I had time to go, I detoured left on Caryl Avenue, which has some picturesque houses on its eastern end.
Caryl Avenue runs down a hill to Van Cortlandt Avenue, named for the colonial-era family whose mansion still stands in Van Cortlandt Park in the Bronx.
In fact south of Caryl Avenue, Van Cortlandt Avenue dead-ends at Van Cortlandt Park, which is wholly in the Bronx. I found another classic Yonkers stoplight in front of a brick Tudor apartment on Caryl and Saratoga Avenues. Zigzagging north on Broadway, west on Fanshaw and south on Leighton Avenue, I once again paid tribute to this survivor at Leighton and Spencer Place.
I liked the multicolor brick on this apartment building at Huxley Avenue and West 262nd in Riverdale. Forster Place, a dead end lined with nearly identical dormered homes, on Huxley south of West 261st.
I liked that the owner of the corner house on Huxley and West 260th used the same maroon and beige color scheme on both the house and garage. Here’s a fascinating film, shot around 1931, that shows Broadway from Yonkers all the way down to the Battery. As late as the 1970s, the public enjoyed free access to the heights surrounding Hillview Reservoir, which is now sadly restricted. I have some relatives who live in the northern end of Yonkers, and even though it’s several miles north of Hillview, the Empire State is clearly visible from their house.
Kudos to Ira Gallen for restoring this wonderful historical record of Broadway, and to Kevin for featuring it here. Incidentally, until 1949 or 1950, the elevated station here at 241st Street was the northern terminus of the Third Avenue El.
As for Hillview Reservoir, if I remember correctly you can look east and see the Long Island Sound but I don’t think you can see the NYC skyline from the reservoir. This is the first of a series of five in which I try to explicate as best I can the names of the neighborhoods of each borough.
In the mid-19th Century the Spaulding, Dodge, Goodrich and other families (whose names ended up on area street maps) embarked on a real estate venture, calling it Riverdale because of the numerous brooks, streams and meadows in the hilly region. The community, many of whose streets are private (I was discouraged from running a tour there by the neighborhood watch) , is north of Manhattan College, east and south of the Henry Hudson Parkway and west of Broadway. This neighborhood tucked at the confluence of the Harlem and Hudson Rivers under the Henry Hudson Bridge has been known as Speight den Duyvil, Spike & Devil, Spitting Devil, Spilling Devil, Spiten Debill and Spouting Devil, among other spellings. In the early 20th Century Spuyten Duyvil Creek was dredged and made deeper in order to allow commercial vessels to access the Hudson River via the Harlem River, which took over the creek’s route. Frederick Philipse built the first King’s Bridge, a tolled span over Spuyten Duyvil Creek, in 1693.
The further northeast in the Bronx you get to Westchester County, the further into Eastchester you penetrate … Eastchester is a neighborhood in the northeast Bronx that actually used to belong to Westchester County (the Bronx was formed from New York and Westchester Counties and became a county in 1914) and didn’t become a part of New York City until 1895.
It’s not to be confused with the current town of Eastchester which is actually northwest of here, in Westchester County. The neighborhood includes Seton Falls Park, where rattlesnakes prowled as late as the 19th Century. A housing cooperative, or co-op, is a legal entity, usually a corporation, which owns real estate, consisting of one or more residential buildings; it is one type of housing tenure. The corporation is membership-based, with membership granted by way of a share purchase in the cooperative. Another key element is that the members, through their elected representatives, screen and select who may live in the cooperative, unlike any other form of home ownership. The project was built along the Hutchinson River on what was known as Pinckney’s Meadows in the colonial era.
From the ForgottenBook: Located on a spit of an island in Eastchester Bay in the extreme northeast Bronx, City Island is a transplanted New England fishing village seemingly beamed into the New York Metropolitan area.
Benjamin Palmer, who owned the island in 1761, thought of it as a potential commercial rival to New York City, and so it picked up a new nickname (it previously had been called Great Minnefords Island).
The two World Wars saw City Island become a busy shipbuilding and sailmaking center, adding to its fishing and oyster industries.
Named for its proximity to the town, then neighborhood, of Eastchester and Eastchester Bay and Pelham Bay Park, Baychester remained suburban and even semirural until after World War II when streets were finally paved and homes built. Englishman Thomas Pell, a physician, purchased a vast tract of over 9000 acres of land (most of what is now eastern Bronx) from the local Siwanoy Indians in 1654. NYC bought the house from the Bartows in 1888; in 1915 the Pell Mansion underwent a complete restoration by the International Garden Club organization, which continues to maintain the grounds, now numbering nine acres, as a public garden to this day. The town of Pelham in Westchester County, the Bronx and Pelham Parkway (usually abbreviated to Pelham Parkway), Pelham Bay Park, and even Pelham Cemetery in City Island are all named for Thomas Pell. The name of this site comes from a bridge across the Bronx River that was named for John Williams.
The Williams Bridge Metro-North station (spelled with two words) and Williamsbridge Road were also named for John Williams’ bridge. Middletown, south of Westchester Avenue and between the Hutchinson River Parkway and the Bruckner Expressway, is a bit puzzling because in the modern era, there are no clear two places it’s in the middle of. This neighborhood east of the Bruckner Expressway where it meets the Throgs Neck Expressway recalls the turn-of-the-20th Century Westchester Country Club that faced Eastchester Bay, on the old Layton estate (for which Layton Avenue is named).
The neighborhoods immediately south of Pelham Bay Park along Eastchester Bay are called Spencer Estates and further south, Country Club. Fort Schuyler, located on a peninsula that juts into the East River near the Throgs Neck Bridge, and its namesake neighborhood bisected by East Tremont Avenue a couple of miles to the northwest, were named for Revolutionary War general and later US Senator from New York Philip Schuyler (1733-1804; pronounced SKY-ler). As department commanding General, he was active in preparing a defense against the Saratoga Campaign, part of the “Three Pronged Attack” strategy of the British to cut the American Colonies in two by invading and occupying New York State in 1777.
Throgs Neck, mainland Bronx’ most southeastern redoubt, was named for a very early British settler, John Throckmorton, who arrived in the peninsula now capped by Fort Schuyler in 1642. When Silver Beach was initiated as a bungalow colony in the 1920s, just west of Fort Schuyler,  it was named for the supposed color of the sand along its East River shoreline. Edgewater Park is a second private community in the eastern Bronx, this one facing Eastchester Bay east of the Throgs Neck Expressway. What really sets both communities apart from the nearby streets of Throgs Neck is that they are cooperatives — Edgewater Park has 675 single-family homes, Silver Beach Gardens 451 — whose residents own their homes but lease the land from owners’ collectives.
Both Edgewater Park and Silver Beach have unique street lighting and street sign designs different from the rest of NYC.
I’m unsure just when the name of Bronxdale was first applied to the neighborhood on either side of Pelham Parkway east of Bronx Park. The Allerton neighborhood, bordering on Bronxdale,  is named for east-west Allerton Avenue, the main shopping drag, that honors 19th-Century landowner Daniel Allerton, whose ancestors arrived on the Mayflower in 1620.
In 1908 the abandoned racetrack became the world’s first formal airfield and the American Eagle, the largest dirigible in history to that time at a full 105 feet in length, was built there, and one of the first gliders, piloted by 17-year-old Lawrence Lesh, was launched from the former track that year. It was not until the 1920s that streets were cut through and houses constructed; the neighborhood was not “completed” until the 1970s! What is now the Bronx used to be part of Westchester County and was ceded to the City of New York over time. Westchester Square, even to the present day, appears to be a small town hub, clustering around the triangle formed by Westchester, East Tremont and Lane Avenues. Castle Hill was named for a slight elevation at what is now Lacombe and Castle Hill Avenues noticed by 17th-Century Dutch explorer Adrian Block, who thought it resembled a castle. Parkchester, a large apartment complex (large enough to comprise an entire neighborhood) in the mid-Bronx, is bounded by White Plains Road, East Tremont Avenue, McGraw Avenue and (part of the way) by Castle Hill Avenue. The neighborhood is found on the east end of its namesake river (the only true river in NYC) between the Cross Bronx Expressway, Soundview Park on the south and the Bronx River Parkway on the east.
Bronx historian, the late John McNamara: Isaac Clason was a wealthy merchant whose lands were subdivided into smaller estates. The semiprivate community of Harding Park, located in the southwest end of Clason Point,was named in the Roaring 20s for President Warren G.


Van Nest is an old name and comes from Dutch colonial settler Pieter Pietersen Van Neste, who arrived in North America from Holland in 1647. West Farms took its name in the colonial era from farms west of the Bronx River, which served as the Bronx’ main geographical dividing line from then on up to the later 1800s. Belmont, which takes its name from tobacco magnate Jacob Lorillard’s estate, is famous for its Little Italy centered along Arthur Avenue, with its panoply of small mom and pop shops purveying delicacies, and small, intimate restaurants.
Bedford, England, inspired the name of the Bedford Park neighborhood when it was conceived and laid out in the 1880s.
The name either comes from “North Woods” or from Carlisle Norwood, a friend of Leonard Jerome, the grandfather of Winston Churchill who owned the nearby Jerome Park Race Track in the 1860s. For a couple of decades in the late 20th Century, Norwood and its immediate neighbor to the south, Bedford Park, were major Irish enclaves, after immigrants from Northern Island during the era of The Troubles fled the auld sod and settled here, in Woodlawn Heights to the north, and in Queens’ Woodside. The story of Van Cortlandt Park , ansd the neighborhood on its southwest corner, Van Cortlandt Village, begins in 1699, when future NYC mayor Jacobus Van Cortlandt bought a large tract of the Frederick Philipse holdings in the northern Bronx. The story goes that as buffalo (properly called bison) were overhunted in western states in the frontier era, putting them in danger of extinction, Dr.
Van Cortlandt Park is marked by rocky outcroppings made mostly of gneiss, a metamorphic rock with a distinctive banded texture. Van Cortlandt Park is divided by no fewer than three major roadways, the Henry Hudson Parkway, the Mosholu Parkway and the Major Deegan Expressway, yet is large enough to accommodate them all without losing its distinctive rural character. This mid-Bronx neighborhood is named for  one of the trio of now-leveled hills from which  Tremont and Tremont Avenue also take their names. Another of the Tremont trio of hills, this one is named for an early 19th-century property owner, Rachel Eden. These neighborhoods, famed for Art Deco and Moderne high rise apartment buildings, are named for the roadway that vertically bisects them, the Grand Boulevard and Concourse, designed by French-born engineer Louis Risse. The Grand Boulevard and Concourse marches north from the Major Deegan Expressway to Mosholu Parkway through Mott Haven, Concourse Village, Mount Eden, Mount Hope (the Concourse is constructed on a hill), Fordham, and Bedford Park. Eleven lanes wide from 161st Street north to Mosholu, the GB&C (shortened to Grand Concourse for the benefit of sign makers and cabbies) was built, from 161st Street north, in 1909 by engineer Risse. The neighborhood, park, and parkway are named for Polish immigrant Martin Zboroski’s 19th Century  estate, Clermont. Crotona Park is nowhere near the Croton Aqueduct, which runs through the western Bronx; it was named for a colony in ancient Greece famed for Olympic athletes. In the late 19th Century Longwood and the surrounding area was subdivided into residential lots. The region’s odd street layout… streets sort of undulate, twist and turn…was, in part, defined by the now-underground Sacrahong Brook, whose route is now nearly exactly copied by Intervale Avenue. Hunt’s Point had been first settled by Thomas Hunt in 1670; the Hunts joined the Morrises as the Bronx’ foremost landowning families in the colonial era. Gouverneur Morris (1752-1816) half-brother of Lewis Morris, was a political leader, diplomat, U.S.
Gouverneur Morris was outspoken and brash – nonetheless, he became ambassador due to his through knowledge of the French language and its nuances. Lewis Morris (1726-1798) was an ardent supporter of American independence and served in the Continental Congress from 1775-1777, and in the NY state legislature between 1777 and 1790. The neighborhood arrayed east of where High Bridge ends at University Avenue and West 170th Street is named for the structure that bridged the Croton Aqueduct across the Harlem River.  When High Bridge was built between 1837 and 1848 by architect John Jervis it actually connected two separate towns, since that area of the mainland would not become a part of New York County until 1874. Originally, High Bridge featured massive stone arches (like Roman aqueducts had) for its entire length.
High Bridge has featured a walkway since the 1860s, although it never had roads for auto or horse traffic.
19th-century surveyor Andrew Findlay was Scottish-born and was a fan of the fiction of Sir Walter Scott, so this small neighborhood adjoining the first Bronx Borough Courthouse was named for one of Scott’s novels, Melrose Abbey.
One of the Bronx’ busiest shopping districts is at the confluence of Third, Willis and Melrose Avenues, as well as East 149th Street. Jordan Mott built a tremendously successful iron works beginning in 1828 (the iron works continued to 1906), centered along the Harlem River from about Third Avenue to East 138th Street.
La distancia en lA­nea recta entre Jacksonville (North Carolina) y Yonkers (New York) es de 754,28 km, pero la distancia en ruta es de 934 kilometros.
Se tardan 9h 30 min en ir de Jacksonville a Yonkers en auto, lo que requerirA­a un consumo de 56 litros de combustible.
Shocked friends of Irish girl, Kalie Gill, who lost her life when struck by a runaway car at a church carnival in Coyne Park, in Yonkers, have been remembering the 15-year old sophomore.
Her sister Lindsey (12) was badly injured in the same incident when a local high school teacher lost control of her automobile.
Meanwhile it has been learned that Kalie's father, Damien, had just recently returned from his mother's funeral in Ireland in his native Leitrim. Woodlawn seniors up in arms about planned closureA of only supermarket in isolated Bronx neighborhood A  Community leaders trying to work out solution BY Daniel Beekman NEW YORK DAILY NEWS Sunday, February 26, 2012, 6:00 AM A A A facebook Tweet email Nicholas Fevelo for New York Dai From left, John McGrath and Shawn Nealis speak about the residents, many of the them elderly that are upset that the only grocery in the neighborhood is closing. The operator of Woodlawn Heights Grocery Store announced this month he plans to shutter the business March 29 due to the high rent and taxes he pays on Katonah Ave.
Woodlawn is an isolated community hemmed in by Woodlawn Cemetery, the Bronx River Parkway and Van Cortlandt Park. The only other nearby supermarkets are located across the parkway in Wakefield and more than a mile away in Yonkers - too far for local seniors to reach by foot, said John McGrath, Woodlawn Taxpayers Association board member. The Bx34 bus that connects Woodlawn to Norwood, Bedford Park and Fordham no longer runs on weekends, said neighbor Catherine Diab. The landlord of the 5,000-square-foot Woodlawn store claims he is negotiating with a replacement tenant.
DeCicco pays more than $20,000 a month on rent, real estate taxes and insurance, he noted, adding that Woodlawn shoppers are spending less to cope with layoffs and other challenges. The new Woodlawn Heights Merchants Association, formed just last December, is also working on the issue, said vice president Shawn Nealis. Daily News Pix Bronx From Yankee Stadium to the Bronx Botanical Garden, the Daily News has decades of classic photos of the Bronx. I call the cemetery Woodlawn) southern Yonkers and northern Riverdale, one of the pleasanter walks in town–to a point, which I will explain later.
The Indians are commemorated at Indian Field in Van Cortlandt Park on East 233rd Street east of Jerome Avenue.
It had been called Eastchester Street and 19th Avenue before this part of the Bronx adopted Manhattan street numbering in 1894. To reach the GWB from here you would enter the Major Deegan Expressway at Jerome Avenue, south to the Alexander Hamilton Bridge, and then west on the Trans-Manhattan Expressway. One of the Bronx’ premier hospitals, Montefiore is the treatment center for the Albert Einstein School of Medicine. A look at the businesses along Katonah Avenue will bear this out, with even the deli awning signs bearing an Irish symbol such as a harp or a shamrock. The most well-known of them is likely the Rambling House, which has played host to Irish-American City Council president Christine Quinn, as well as Mayor Bloomberg, when they visit the area. The sign uses one of my favorite fonts, generally used in Bibles or prayerbooks, Goudy Text, first drawn by the type world’s pre-eminent designer, Frederic Goudy (1865-1947). The wonderfully weathered stone church at Katonah and East 241st at present is the Trinity Community Church, but it likely has gone under other guises and names. The book has a photo of the congregation’s previous building and says they moved to a new one at that location in 1913.
While the Department of Transportation in NYC has been ruthless in converting nearly all its lamps into the new GE M400, Westchester is more merciful and has left several examples of this very early 1960s light.
McLean Avenue is the southernmost major east-west street in Yonkers, running from Broadway east to the Bronx River Parkway.
In NYC there has always been a great many decades-old liquor store signs with classic neon. This ad is probably not younger than 1955, and like the liquor store sign, it’s still getting the job done. Before his death in 1947, he had built a Rectory and an Elementary School as well as a High School. Even though Woodlawn is in a different city than Yonkers, they may as well be the same neighborhood though they are totally different politically.
Dedicated by the presidents of McLean Heights and Wakefield Park, Yonkers, NY, May 30, 1932. If you look at a map, between Vireo and Webster Avenues, the Yonkers-Bronx line appears to run down the center of McLean Avenue. The Hutchinson River is considered a creek, and the Hudson is divided between NY and New Jersey.
The book has a photo of the congregation’s previous building and says they moved to a new one at that location in 1913. If they bother you again suggest to them that they should visit us here in AZ where SB 1070 has been upheld. The art shows what is now the NY Central Hudson Line, boats in the Hudson River, and the NJ Palisades. Montessori education is practiced in an estimated 20,000 schools worldwide, serving children from birth to eighteen years old. The reservoir, which spans 164 acres and holds 900 million gallons, was built by the NYC Board of Water Supply from 1909-1915 to receive water from the new Catskill Aqueduct in southern Ulster County; ultimately water is drained from the upstate Ashokan Reservoir.
But, in this map produced before the Deegan was built, we see Jerome Avenue making a straight line for the Bronx border at the top of the map. NYC has proprietary names for its expressways; the Horace Harding becomes Long Island Expressway at the Nassau line. Note the blue and white street signs, the manufacturer’s stamp on the base, and the NYC signs saying Spencer Avenue and the Yonkers sign saying Leighton. As Albany Post Road, NYS Route 9 and other names, this road runs north almost all the way to the Canadian border.
Now what u describe as a vegetable and flower stand is actually more of a nursery and landscaping place called windy farms. Some of them are easily inferrable, while some of them have to be ferreted out, Holmes-like. The area was purchased and subsequently developed by Major Joseph Delafield in 1829; he named it for his estate in England. After a few hundred years, the name has been pared down and exists as a street name: Kappock (pronounced kay’ pock).
This process first made the Manhattan neighborhood of Marble Hill and island, and later part of the mainland — the only bit of Manhattan found there. The story of the King’s Bridge can be found on a grime-encrusted plaque on one of the Marble Hill Houses, on Broadway just south of West 230th Street.
Benjamin Palmer and Jacob Dyckman built a second bridge in 1759 to avoid paying the high tolls charged by Philipse. Its namesake cemetery was initiated in 1863 from an idea bu Reverend Absalom Peters, a theologian, poet and proponent of the Rural Cemetery movement in which burial grounds became ‘memorial parks,’ places to go and quietly contemplate, away from the clatter of the city.
His brother William inherited the house after their gather Augustine’s death, naming it “Wakefield.” The house burned down in 1779. The Bronx neighborhood of Eastchester, along with Mount Vernon, used to be a part of the town of Eastchester in Westchester, but was annexed by the Bronx in 1895.
Housing cooperatives are a distinctive form of home ownership that have many characteristics that differ from other residential arrangements such as single family ownership, condominiums and renting. It remained mostly empty in the 19th and early 20th Centuries, but it burst forth briefly in the early 1960s as Freedomland, a frontier-themed amusement park that ultimately was a financial failure.
City Island was privately owned, first by the Pell family and then by the Palmer family, from 1654 until it became a part of the town of Pelham, in Westchester County, in 1819. Of course it never rivaled New York City as a seaport but it did develop thriving seaside industries. City Island was an important armament manufacturing center during World War II with the construction of submarine chasers, minesweepers and landing craft. In 2009 a film called City Island was set on and filmed there, featuring Andy Garcia and Julianna Margulies. In 1946 the Mansion opened as a museum exhibiting furniture and painting from the 19th Century. In the 18th century, Williams had a farm on the east bank of the Bronx River in the vicinity of Gun Hill Road and White Plains Road. Perhaps it was so named because it was midway from the village of Westchester to the Pelham Bridge. That club had disappeared by the 1920s, and has nothing to do with the modern Westchester Country Club.
In the 19th Century prominent merchant William Spencer married first one, then another woman from the tobacco-growing Lorillard family.
In the summer of that year General John Burgoyne marched his British army south from Quebec over the valleys of Lakes Champlain and George. Senator from New York to the First United States Congress, serving from July 27, 1789, to March 4, 1791. Throckmorton, like Anne Hutchinson, had had religious differences with the rigid Puritans of New England, moved to Rhode Island with its founder, Roger Williams in 1636, and later decamped to the Bronx because he may have feared that Massachusetts would invade the tiny colony.
Little Neck in Queens) was bestowed an abbreviation of his lengthy name and Throgmorton Avenue, also a tribute, is a variant spelling.
Today the semiprivate community, whose residents formed a co-op arrangement in 1972, enjoy spectacular views of the Bronx-Whitestone and Throgs Neck Bridges and the distant Manhattan skyline. Morris opened the Morris Park Racetrack where this neighborhood eventually wound up, naming it for himself. Morris, whose Westchester Racing Association acquired 152 acres in 1888 on the outskirts of the old Bear Swamp (which was quite literally named) and built a huge racetrack and clubhouse there.
And, in the early 1900s, the old racetrack was also used for speed and endurance races for the newfangled automobile, and a young Swiss driver named Louis once won a gold watch for driving a Fiat a the-record 52.8 MPH there. West of the Bronx River (which bisects the borough) was annexed by NYC in 1874 while everything east of the river joined New York County by 1895.
The “town” has recently celebrated its 350th anniversary, having been settled here, as Oostdorp (‘east village’) by the Dutch in 1654 and taken over by the British with the rest of New Amsterdam in 1664.
After the eastern Bronx was annexed to NYC in 1895 the streets were renamed for local luminaries and settlers, and Unionport was absorbed into what’s now Castle Hill. The complex was built in 1941 by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company on 110 acres, some of which had been occupied by the New York Catholic Protectorate, a home for poor children.
Harding, who died in office in 1923 during a mostly unsuccessful and scandal-ridden administration. However, the family is only honored here because of the Van Nest Land & Improvement Company, which began developing the neighborhood in 1892. The Bronx became a part of New York City in sections between the years 1874 and 1898: all of the Bronx west of the Bronx River was annexed to the City of New York in 1874, while everything east of the river became part of the City in 1895.
The main difference is that Bostonians pronounce it Treh’ mont, while Bronxites say Tree’ mont.
Lorillard’s imprint is all over the Bronx; the snuff mill employed on his tobacco farm can still be found deep within the NY Botanic Garden. The British town also inspired the neighborhood’s use of Queen Anne architecture, and some of these grand old homes can still be seen crouching amid the area’s now-predominant multifamily apartment buildings.


For a time Norwood became known as “Little Belfast” and was a hotbed for supporters of the  Irish Republican Army, which sought to sever Northern Ireland’s ties with the United Kingdom by violent means.
The 1997 John Muir Nature Trail as well as the Putnam Railroad and Croton Aqueduct Trails run through the park.
The “University” is, or was, New York University, which had a substantial campus in the neighborhood which in turn became home to the Bronx Community College.
In 1927, it absorbed Mott Avenue, which ran from 138th north to 161st, and the older street was widened. The Art Deco style, characterized by highly stylized and colored ornamentation, ironworked doors, colorful terra cotta and mosaics, originated at the 1925 Exposition Internationale in Paris. It was purchased from the estate belonging to Andrew Bathgate in the 1880s; a dispute with the Bathgate family prevented the new Crotona Park from being named for them. White, and Hunts Point was formerly a collection of country estates owned by the Casanovas, Barrettos, Spoffords, Failes, and other wealthy families, many of whose names now grace street signs. Hunt’s Point (not to be confused with Hunter’s Point in Queens) has been home to the New York City Terminal Market since 1965; much of the city’s fresh produce is purchased by merchants here. In his youth, he would drive teams of horses without the benefit of reins, yelling and cracking a whip instead, but one day one of his teams ran off and he was dragged, winding up with a crushed leg. The arches survive on the Bronx side, but the steel span was constructed in the 20s to allow navigation on the Harlem River.
Edgar Allan Poe, a Bronx resident toward the end of his life, enjoyed frequenting the bridge. In addition the IRT  subway joined several trolley lines as well as the 3rd Avenue El once upon a time. His handiwork can be still seen all over town on airshaft and manhole covers built by the Mott Iron Works. But neighbors fear the new store will prove to be an oversized deli, rather than a full-size supermarket. The DeCicco family has run the small business, a C-Town Supermarkets franchise, for more than 30 years, he said.
The group is also looking for tenants to fill a handful of empty storefronts along Katonah Ave. The area figured prominently in the War for Independence, and probably has more immigrant Irish than any other of the city’s Irish enclaves such as Woodside, Queens and Bay Ridge, Brooklyn. The Mohicans, all from Stockbridge, Massachusetts, had tracked the British through the Bronx but were finally met by an overwhelming force of British and Hessian troops.
It is headquartered further south in Norwood, and in 2008 acquired this location, formerly Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center. Absolom Peters (a short street named Peters Place is off East 233rd) with its first interment in 1865. The cemetery is the final home of department store founders James Cash Penney and Roland Hussey Macy, jazzmen Duke Ellington and Miles Davis, and Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, and many other luminaries. Woodlawn has been Irish since the 1840s, when Irish immigrants fleeing the potato famine joined gangs building the Croton Aqueduct from several miles north down to the former reservoir where Bryant Park sits now. Unfortunately the church has no immediately obvious cornerstone, and the internet is silent about its origin, and the AIA Guide to NYC does not mention it. To date, all of my Yonkers forays, like the one you’re reading, have been concentrated near the Bronx line. The white stripes at the top and bottom of the sign are several millimeters wider than the ones found on NYC signs, and the brackets holding them to poles are different.
Sometime it seems NYC replaces its street fixtures for the sake of standardization, which seems to me to be a waste of money. The plaque, worn to almost the point of illegibility, was placed before the park was named for the general. There’s a lot of history in Yonkers but also a lot of new construction going on in the city. There’s an interesting mix of country suburban (with siding) and apartment buildings. Coming west, the Southern State T-bones into the Belt (if you go left) and the Cross Island (going right). Certainly where the ramps to and from the southbound side cross over the Deegan, a sign identifies the overpass as Jerome Av. I don’t believe they sell vegetables, but they may sell small pumpkins around Halloween. From the end of the overpass you can look down at the water of the reservoir, so it’s a little higher than the water. The plaque is devilishly hard to read, since it’s out of range of sight from the street; you have to climb the short fence or walk around it. During his retreat from the Battle of Harlem Heights in 1776, General George Washington used both the King’s Bridge and Palmer and Dyckman’s free bridge to escape to White Plains.
Nearby, of course, is the town of Mount Vernon, named for the Washington family residence in Virginia.
A primary advantage of the housing cooperative is the pooling of the members’ resources so that their buying power is leveraged, thus lowering the cost per member in all the services and products associated with home ownership. The island became a part of New York City in 1895 when parts of the town of Pelham were annexed by NYC, and found itself in the Bronx in 1898 after consolidation, though it was still in New York County (the Bronx received a separate designation as a county only in 1914).
Parts of Long Day’s Journey Into Night and The Royal Tenenbaums were filmed in a house on Tier Street that now belongs to the director of the City Island  Nautical Museum (who graciously admitted both tours onto her lawn). The neighborhood id bisected by the old New York, Westchester and Boston Railroad, which was purchased by NYC in 1940 and made into first a shuttle elevated, then connected to the White Plains Road el at the 180th Street station (see below).
By 1813 the acreage was sold out of the Pell-Bartow family (Ann Pell had married John Bartow), but in 1836 John’s grandson Robert reacquired the property and in 1842 built the mansion that still stands in Pelham Bay Park today. The adjoining Stinardtown, just to Middletown’s northeast, was wiped out when Pelham Bay Park was created in the mid-1800s. William Spencer was a benefactor of the NY Public Library and son Lorillard Spencer was the publisher ofThe Illustrated American magazine.
On the way he invested the small Colonial garrison occupying Fort Ticonderoga at the nexus of the two lakes. After losing his bid for re-election in 1791, he returned to the State Senate from 1792 to 1797.
Both the aforementioned Thomas Pell and Throckmorton had to pledge allegiance to the Dutch crown before being granted permission to settle. Interestingly, Bronxdale Avenue begins south of the neighborhood and runs southeast to East Tremont Avenue, originally running through swampy territory called Bear Swamp, and Bronxdale Avenue was called Bear Swamp Road until the early 20th Century.
As opulent as the racetrack was, though, it was in operation only from 1890 to 1904 (though a vestige of horse racing in the area, the Track Restaurant and Tavern, held down a corner at Eastchester and Williamsbridge Roads some distance from the old track until 1957).
The driver along with his brother Gaston competed in many road races at the Morris Park track and Gaston won at Indianapolis in 1920.
Until 1898, when NYC became an agglomeration of five boroughs, Manhattan and the Bronx were the same county: New York County. Unionport Road still runs as a main route from Castle Hill through Parkchester to Bronx Park. For its time, Parkchester was a pioneer in rental-unit engineering, as it included amenities like gleaming new bathrooms with non-slip bathtub bottoms, double sinks and cabinets in the kitchens — an innovation at the time. A son, Augustus Washington Clason, had a nearby home which was eventually sold to Joseph J. The bungalows are arranged along sidewalk-free streets that aren’t included on official street maps (but do show up on computer maps like Google).
Scions of the Van Nests became railroad company directors and developers but according to Bronx historian John McNamara, no Van Nest actually lived in the Bronx. Soon after, in 1898, New York City consolidated with the city of Brooklyn and the boroughs of Queens and Staten Island.
The Lorillards owned nearly all of what would become The Bronx Zoo, the NY Botanical Garden, and the neighborhoods of Belmont, Bronx Park South and Norwood. Eventually the Irish influence in the area lessened, as many Irish returned home to participate in the homeland’s roaring economy in the 1990s and early 2000s.
By 1907 the Bronx herd outstripped the Zoo’s resources, so a few bulls and cows were transferred to Van Cortlandt Park.
Van Cortlandt Park’s Northwest Forest contains the park’s older-growth trees, featuring red, white and black oak, hickories, beech, cherry birch, sweetgum, red maple and of course, the incredibly tall and straight tulip trees. The Hall of Fame for Great Americans, an outdoor portico featuring 97 busts of notable American men and women, is a fascinating attraction here that most New Yorkers have no idea exists. The Grand Concourse became the Bronx’s showpiece as the Bronx County Courthouse, Yankee Stadium, and an array of elegant apartment buildings were constructed along its length. Art Moderne, noted for its striped block patterns, cantilevered corners, stylized letterforms and generally streamlined appearance, first gained wide notice at the 1937 Exposition. Dickerson for landowner George Johnson between 1897 and 1901 consisting of parts of Beck, Kelly and Dawson Streets and Hewitt Place between East 156th Street and Longwood Avenue. The former Fulton Street Fish Market relocated here from its long-standing facility on South and Fulton Streets in mid-2005. For the rest of his life he hobbled along on a wooden leg, like a Dutch predecessor, Peter Stuyvesant. The walkway features attractive cast iron hand railings and interlocked red brick paving stones, along with views of High Bridge’s neighboring spans across the Harlem, the Alexander Hamilton and Washington Bridges. Mott had bought the original property from Gouverneur Morris II in 1849; Morris was asked if he minded if the area was called Mott Haven, a name it had quickly acquired. He, state Assemblyman Jeffrey Dinowitz and City Councilman Oliver Koppell hope to help the operator and landlord come to an agreement.
This battle, on land owned by the Devoe family, was the only one in the Revolutionary War that occurred completely within what would become Van Cortlandt Park. Its namesake, Sir Moses Montefiore (1784-1885) , was a financier, banker and philanthropist who made frequent massive donations to aid the Jewish community in Palestine, and all over the world. I think the very statue that used to be in front, is now at Our Lady of Grace on Bronxwood and 225th. The Grand Central becomes the Northern State and Laurelton Parkway becomes the Southern State.
Across the street & down the block a little from there is the VFW post which has a lot of Yonkers history attached to it. I don’t remember being able to see the NYC skyline from the overpass, but you can see the very top of the Whitestone bridge. The original King’s Bridge has inspired a network of roads in Manhattan and the Bronx, some surviving, some not, named for it. Palmer, a staunch supporter of the Revolution, engaged the ire of the British, who plundered the island in 1776. A small cemetery is also on the property in which is interred Pell family members going back well into the 18th Century. Though the story remains unproven, his farm was closest to the earliest span, and by the 19th century the bridge and surrounding community became known as Williamsbridge.
Throckmorton later fled Indian aggression and wound up in Rhode Island again and later, New Jersey.
The explanation for all this may lie in the fact that in the early days of printing (which in Throckmorton’s day had been an industry for only about a century and a half) spellings were hardly standardized, and wouldn’t be until the days of Samuel Johnson and Noah Webster.
Of course, it was Louis Chevrolet (1878-1941), who ironically sold his share in the Chevrolet Motor Car Company he founded in 1911 to original partner William Durant in 1915, and returned to the racing business, as well as aeronautics. Finally, the Bronx became a county on its own in 1914. Today, the boroughs are coterminous as Manhattan occupies New York County, Brooklyn, Kings County, and so forth. Its name seems to have something to do with the navigability of the adjoining Westchester Creek, and at one time it was hoped that a major port could be built here.
The complex boasted a bowling alley, recreation areas, the very first Macy’s branch outlet, and three movie theatres in or near it: The Loew’s American (still there as a multiplex), the Palace and the Circle.
Husson along with 15 acres of land.” Clason’s mansion eventually became  an inn but was razed when the area became a beach club and acquired the name Harding Park.
Though it was already a borough, the Bronx was a part of New York County until 1914 when it became a county in its own right. The Varians, who produced a New York City mayor, owned the oldest house in the area, which is still standing.
Later that year, they were sent to Oklahoma, where some of the buffalo are still descended from the Bronx specimens. Fauna fans won’t be disappointed either as owls, bats, chipmunks, woodchucks and large gypsy moths, rabbits, raccoons, opossums and coyotes are all here and accounted for. The Concourse and surrounding streets are a wonderworld of Art Deco…spend an afternoon along its length and observe the sumptuous buildings. Designated a New York City Landmark District, its buildings are marked by their eclectic peaks and roof embellishments.
In 1960, the walkway was closed, never to again reopen, because of vandals throwing objects from the bridge onto boats plying the Harlem River.
Chief Nimham was commemorated by tiny Nindham Place in Kingsbridge Heights, but that street has since been demapped. The Chief Nimham Memorial, meanwhile, a plaque and a cairn erected by the DAR in 1906, is located on Van Cortlandt Park East at Oneida Avenue. One thing I don’t get is why Riverdale has higher street numbers than Wakefield does despite the fact that the northernmost part of Wakefield has a higher latitude than Riverdale does according to a map.
There’s a pinic area at the post and the back of the property runs into van cortlandt park. The overpass is a little south of the 2nd precinct and goes to a bus stop on the other side. Three years later, Palmer and his family were captured and forced to leave the island for Manhattan; he never returned to City Island.
Clair surrendered Fort Ticonderoga in July, the Congress replaced Schuyler with General Horatio Gates, who had accused Schuyler of dereliction of duty. Senate and served in the 5th United States Congress from March 4, 1797 until his resignation because of ill health on January 3, 1798.
However Throgs Neck is spelled, it is a peaceful, tranquil area with a couple of private communities that enjoy terrific views of the water-filled surroundings. In the 19th Century, the Sound was mapped as beginning somewhat west of where it does now, and when VClason pount Road was renamed Soundview Avenue in 1918, there was no confusion about it whatever.
Any information on this house or the existence or non-existence of a caretaker there would be appreciated. During the Revolution, patriots dismantled a bridge over the creek, delaying British advancement (the present-day bridge carries East Tremont Avenue). Today Norwood attracts Hispanics, Indians, Asians, and New Yorkers looking for apartment bargains: some are still available for three figures! Paul's Church, in the Irish neighborhood on Friday night, when a car mowed them down.It is believed that the car was driven by a sixth grade local school teacher and that she may have suffered a heart attack after pulling out of a local parking lot. Police have not charged her.Over 500 Irish and others gathered on Saturday night to pray at a vigil for Kalie and the Gill family at the site where the accident occurred in Coyne Park near McLean Avenue.



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