A special tidbit to note here are several VERY useful to know links on BT3Central for tips, tricks, jigs, and fixtures for the BT3x00 series table saws, that can, and often are modified to work with the BTS series table saws with the sliding miter table.
Sawmill Creek is a very active, and very civil woodworking forum filled with some of the best woodworkers that happen to know how to use the internet! Well, I figured since you guys were a bunch of shop voyeurs, that you wanted to see more shops. Anyone that tells you that quality products, at affordable prices, with diamond level customer service doesn't exist needs to be introduced to MLCS Woodworking. Harbor Freight Tools, not exactly the finest tools on the market, not exactly the best customer service, but for the truly handy man or woman, and smart shopper, some real bargains on quality tools can be had.
Air-dried lumber: Boards that have dried naturally by stacking them in the open air, as shown above and right.
All-thread: Steel rod (sometimes called drill rod) that has been threaded along its entire length. Antikickback pawls: Attached to a tablesaw's blade-guard system, these spring-loaded metal plates with sawtooth edges work in conjunction with the splitter. Apron: A horizontal piece that supports the top or seat and connects the legs of a table or chair. Arbor: In a tablesaw, the threaded shaft on which the saw blade mounts and is held in place with a nut, shown right.
Auxiliary fence: A temporary (sometimes sacrificial) fence attached to a tablesaw rip fence or miter gauge, or to some other machine table, or protect a cutter or bit while providing full workpiece support, shown right. Backer board: A sacrificial board placed behind a workpiece during a cutting or shaping process. Blade runout: Runout in circular-saw blades is measured by the amount of side-to-side movement in the blade body. Blade guard: On a tablesaw, a plastic or metal shroud that covers the blade to prevent the saw operator from placing his hands in contact with a spinning blade. Bow: A warp in which the ends of a board or wooden member curve in the same direction away from the desired plane, usually along the length. Burl: A swirling, twisted figure in wood grain caused by growths on the outside of the tree or root. Burnisher: A round or triangular steel rod with a handle that is used to produce the hooked cutting edge on a cabinet scraper. Centerline: A layout line drawn at the center of the thickness, width, or length of a workpiece and sometimes marked with the CL symbol. Chip-out: Splinters of wood that break away from a workpiece during a cutting or shaping process, shown right. Clamp blocks: Wedge-shaped blocks temporarily spot-glued to workpieces so that the parts can be clamped together for gluing.
Climb cut: A routing operation during which the router moves in the same direction as the bit's rotation, rather than against the rotation, as is normal.
Collet runout: The amount of deviation from center (wobble) in a router collet, measured in thousandths of an inch. Contact adhesive: A thin, rubber-based adhesive, used most often for bonding plastic laminate to substrates. Counterbore: A stopped hole in a workpiece that allows you to set a screwhead below the surface of the wood.
Countersink: A shallow, conical hole in a workpiece that matches the shape of a flathead screwhead.
Cutting Diagram: An illustrated guide that depicts the quantities and sizes of boards required for a project as well as where each part should be laid out to minimize waste. Dado: A square-cornered channel cut across the wood grain, typically using a dado set or a straight router bit, shown right.
Dead-blow hammer: A plastic-bodied hammer with a hollow head that's partially filled with steel shot. Dry time: The amount of time it takes for glue in an assembled joint to completely dry or cure and achieve full strength. Edge grain: Wood characterized by the growth rings being 45 or more degrees, preferably perpendicular, to the surface of a board. For more than 75 years, The Penland School has attracted creative craftspeople from around the world.
With more than 1,800 drawings, diagrams and photos, this authoritative guide encompasses the whole art and craft of woodworking. I've only done a couple of woodworking projects, but I've enjoyed them so much that I'm certain I'll continue learning about this for the rest of my life.
I knew nothing about woodworking when I read this and found it be incredibly informative and fascinating.
So far, I've been blown away about how well-written and the nice illustrations in this book. Screw pocket: A hole drilled at an angle into a board or piece of sheet goods to allow it to be screwed to another piece of material.
Self-centering bit: A specialized drill bit designed to bore perfectly centered pilot holes for hinge-mounting screws, shown right. Set time: The amount of time it takes for glue in an assembly to dry or cure sufficiently for the clamps to be removed. Note: Several manufacturers offer quick-set glues that achieve high tack (stickiness) just after application. Shank hole: A hole drilled in a workpiece to receive the unthreaded portion of a wood screw's shank. Slotting cutter: A router bit designed to groove the edges of boards for spline-joint assembly.
Splitter: A thin vertical plate positioned directly behind a tablesaw blade to prevent the kerf from closing up and pinching the blade during a cutting operation. Squeeze-out: The small bead of glue that gets pushed out of a joint under clamping pressure.
Stopblock: Commonly, this is a small block, clamped or temporarily-affixed to a fence or machine surface. Straight-line ripping: A process for trueing one edge of a board that has no straight edge to work from. Stretcher: A horizontal piece that connects the lower portions of the legs on a table or chair. Synthetic steel wool: These flexible abrasive pads are made from thin plastic fibers impregnated with abrasive particles. Throat: Most often, the opening in a tablesaw, bandsaw, or router table where the bit or blade protrudes. Trunnions: In a tablesaw, the assembly (usually cast-iron) that supports the drive mechanism and controls the blade tilt and elevation.
Zero-clearance insert: A throat plate, used in a tablesaw, with an opening cut by raising a spinning blade or dado set through it, shown right.
A butt joint is a joineryWoodworking jointsJoinery is a part of woodworking that involves joining together pieces of wood, to create furniture, structures, toys, and other items.
Butt joints are not commonly used in the furniture construction industry, due to their weaknesses and aesthetic reasons.

In solid timber, docking of members for a butt joint is usually a crosscut, so a crosscut saw is best for this job.
Crosscut sawCrosscut sawA crosscut saw is a saw that is specially designed for making crosscuts. Circular sawCircular sawThe circular saw is a machine using a toothed metal cutting disc or blade. Crosscut backsawBacksawA backsaw is any hand saw which has a stiffening rib on the edge opposite the cutting edge, allowing for better control and more precise cutting than with other types of saws. The dowel reinforced butt joint or simply dowel joint has been a very common method of reinforcing butt joints in furniture for years. The technique consists of cutting the members to size and then drilling a series of holes in the joint surface of each member.
The biscuit reinforced butt joint is a fairly recent innovation in butt joint construction.
To create the mortice for the biscuit, a biscuit joinerBiscuit joinerA biscuit joiner or sometimes plate joiner is a woodworking tool used to join two pieces of wood together.
When the mortices have been cut, the biscuit is inserted with some glue and the joint is brought together, aligned and clamped. The screwed butt joint uses one or more screws inserted after the joint has been brought together. In solid timber work it is common to counterboreCounterboreA counterbore can refer to a cylindrical flat-bottomed hole, which enlarges another hole, or the tool used to create that feature. There are also commercial systems available for screwed butt joints in which a plastic cap is provided with the screw to be fixed to the head of the screw after it has been driven home. This is a variation of the screwed butt joint in which the screws are inserted into pocket holes drilled in the rear face of one of the joint members.
Knock-down fasteners are a hardware device made for the purpose of constructing butt joints that can be assembled and re-assembled repeatedly (hence knock-down). Knock-down fasteners usually consist of cam dowels locked by cam locks, also known as conformat fasteners, installed in adjacent members. Specialist tools and jigs are often required for the repeatable installation of knock-down fasteners (but not for assembly of prefabricated flat-pack furniture), so they tend to be limited to those who are making mass-produced items. Knock-down fasteners are typically used for carcase joinery; furniture designs using them are usually of frameless construction. DIYinfo.org's Timber Joints Wiki - Practical information on various types of timber joints. Unfortunately most of my friends are not woodworkers, and my Dad is a LONG ways from where I live, so I couldn't tap him much for information.
This site tends to have more advanced woodworkers, including a fairly decent number of professionals. As good as Norm Abram (lovingly referred to as Nahm on the woodworking forums) is as a woodworker and teacher, his show is geared toward woodworkers blessed with shop equipment with values nearing the six figure mark.
Not to dismiss them in the slightest, it's a tough field, and at least the issues I have seen have had a few fewer ideas I can use compared to Wood magazine, however, still well worth the money to subscribe.
In the event of workpiece kickback, the pawls dig into the wood to prevent it from being propelled toward the operator, shown right. The backer board supports the wood to prevent chip-out as the blade or cutter exits the workpiece, shown right. Made from compressed beech, biscuits fit into slots cut with a biscuit joiner (see right), or a slot-cutting bit in a router. The device also prevents small cutoffs from being thrown toward the front of the tablesaw and the operator.
Because hardwoods often sell in random widths and lengths, a board foot measures thickness, width, and length to determine the total volume of wood in the board. When used without a counterbore, it positions the head flush with the surrounding surface, shown above. While extremely handy for defining lumber needs, cutting diagrams can't account for grain variations in solid wood stock or sheet goods, or for defects in solid stock.
Use this technique to check the accuracy and fit of joinery, and to determine the sequence for final assembly.
Generally, edging is applied oversize, and flush-trimmed to matching thickness, shown right. And that’s as true for woodworking as it was for ceramics, jewelry, and bookmaking—the three previous titles in the series. Designed to instruct and inspire every woodworker from the beginner to the most exacting expert, it has become a classic.
The book goes through the different types of wood, wood processing methods, tools and machinery, design basics for furniture projects. Here, boards get planed on both faces, and then straight-line ripped on one edge, shown right. These boards get planed on both faces, and then ripped on both edges to make them parallel, shown above. Use these for assembling moldings and other difficult-to-clamp projects requiring hurry-up adhesion. Commonly known as conifers, these trees produce seeds encased in cones, and are also called gymnosperms.
Many types exist; for woodworking, choose the artist's variety, which temporarily bonds well and allows the pattern to peel away, shown right. It either holds a workpiece firmly in position, or limits the distance it can travel during machining operations, shown right. A piece of straight-edged lumber is attached along the length of the workpiece and run against the saw's rip fence.
It features a horizontal rotating cutterhead equipped with knives that shave wood away from the face as the stock passes beneath, driven by infeed and outfeed rollers. On a cabinet-style saw, shown right, the trunnions usually mount to the trunnion saddle which, in turn, mounts to the saw's cabinet. This device, which is most often shop made, securely holds dowels or other rounded objects in position while drilling. Because the opening matches the cutting width of the blade, it reduces chip-out by providing maximum workpiece support. When working with sheetgoods, there is no distinction between crosscut and rip cutRip cutIn woodworking, a rip cut is a cut made parallel to the wood grain. Holes are often drilled with the assistance of a dowelling jig which aids in accurate hole placement - accuracy is paramount in this technique to ensure members line up perfectly in the completed joint. The biscuit absorbs some moisture from the glue and swells up in the mortice, creating a tightly fitting joint. It is also common to use more than one biscuit side by side in a joint when members are thick. The screws are usually inserted into an edge on the long grain side of one member and extend through the joint into the end grain of the adjacent member. The screws extend into cross grain in the adjacent member, so much shorter screws can be used.
The first is to counterboreCounterboreA counterbore can refer to a cylindrical flat-bottomed hole, which enlarges another hole, or the tool used to create that feature.

This type of fastener is very popular in flat-pack furniture, which is typified by items such as book cases and wall units that come in a package of pre-cut and pre-drilled components ready to assemble by a novice. However, there are applications in which the hobbyist can benefit from the range of fasteners that are available. Salaman's Dictionary of Woodworking Tools has come to be recognized as a definitive pioneering reference work, one of unparalleled value to craftsmen, collectors, antique dealers and all who are interested in the subject of woodworking tools and their uses.
Below you will find a list of the links that have been invaluable to me in my woodworking learning experience along with a brief explaination of what the site is about.
This is probably THE most helpful forum online for woodworking newbies, and even oldsters like me that are getting a second start at the hobby.
The website has great videos full of tips and tricks to get you and your shop up and running smoothly. There are countless threads on the forums about HF products, read them, and my pages to figure out which are the gems, and which are junk. You hacksaw it to any desired length to create everything from custom bolts to adjustment mechanisms for jigs. Biscuits increase glue surface in the joint for improved holding power and hold the joint in alignment during clamping.
These parts of the tool work together to align a retractable circular blade that plunges into the mating joint members at the desired slot location. This transfer of mass prevents the head from bouncing and delivers a solid blow without marring workpieces. This technical and inspirational guide showcases the work of ten top contemporary woodworkers who have taught at Penland, each well-known in the field and with a specific expertise to share. It includes a discussion of all the principal hardwoods and softwoods, how to choose and use hand tools, detailed information on every woodworking technique--jointing, bonding, fastening, laminating, and much more. Most often, this process produces "dimensional" lumber in standard sizes, such as 1x6, 2x4, and so forth. A tapered end on the sleeve fits into the countersink on a hinge screw hole to automatically center the bit when you press the sleeve against the hinge. Stopblocks also can be attached to a workpiece to limit the movement of a tool, such as a router. These pads prove exceptionally useful for sanding woodworking projects, especially between coats of finish.
The cutterhead and rollers adjust up and down to accommodate different board thicknesses and cutting depths. The technique of skew-nailing is applied so that nails are not parallel to each other and so resist the pulling apart of the joint.
The holes are drilled such that there are corresponding holes in each member into which short dowelDowelA dowel is a solid cylindrical rod, usually made of wood, plastic or metal. The biscuit is an ovalOvalAn oval is any curve resembling an egg or an ellipse, such as a Cassini oval. There are other methods of cutting the slot, such as a slot cutter bit in a routerWood routerA router is a tool used to rout out an area in the face of a relatively hard workpiece, typically of wood or plastic. For this reason, long screws are required (usually 3 times the thickness of the member) to ensure good traction. They are easier and require less skill to install than some of the other more traditional techniques.
His rich language describes and explains the tools, not only of the more obvious woodworking trades (such as the cabinetmaker, chairmaker, joiner, coachbuilder, cooper, shipwright, plane maker, wheelwright and instrument maker) but of the less obvious trades as well, such as broom and brush makers, tree feller, hoop maker, upholsterer, millwright, coffin maker and window maker. With recent events including myself, and other woodworking friends having difficulty with Peachtree customer service. I am happy with each and every purchase from them, and the support they have given me is fantastic! In all but the driest regions, moisture content rarely falls below 12 to 20 percent without additional drying indoors. Dozens of photographs, accompanied by explanatory captions, give readers a privileged glimpse into the artists’ studios as they demonstrate their special skills and produce a range of furniture.
You'll find softwood construction lumber sold this way, as well as hardwoods in home centers.
Commonly referred to as "Vix" bits (the brand name of the original version), self-centering bits come in various sizes to accommodate different screw gauges. Some softwoods, such as spruce, are soft, but others, such as ponderosa pine, are hard and remarkably strong.
The pads are often referred to as Scotch-Brite pads (the brand name of one such product).You can purchase them from woodworking suppliers in several grits, as shown, below, with their corresponding sandpaper grit or steel wool number. For enclosed constructions, such as four-sided frames or boxes, the thickness of the two adjacent members must be taken into consideration. In its original manufactured form, dowel is called dowel rod.Dowel rod is employed in numerous, diverse applications.
They take on an oval shape in section owing to the different rate at which wood moves with different orientations of the grainWood grainIn speaking of wood the term grain refers to the alternating regions of relatively darker and lighter wood resulting from the differing growth parameters occurring in different seasons . The present edition is a substantial enlargement of the original work, revised and updated by Philip Walker, himself an authoritative historian-collector of tools.
The podcasts that he puts together should be able to get even the thickest skulled idiot able to do woodworking. Examine Curtis Buchanan’s method of assembling a Windsor chair or Doug Sigler’s mold-making techniques for bent lamination. The butt joint is the simplest joint to make since it merely involves cutting the members to the appropriate length and butting them together. For example: when constructing a four sided box made from 19mm thick material that is to be of finished size 600mm x 600mm, two of the members will be docked at 600mm and two will be docked at 600mm - 19mm - 19mm = 562mm. Accuracy is not as important in the creation of these mortices as the biscuit joint is designed to allow a bit of flexibility during glue up.
If woodworking is something you may be interested in, I strongly suggest you pick up this book. It is also the weakest because unless some form of reinforcement is used (see below) it relies upon glue alone to hold it together. They are particularly convenient for panel glue ups as they facilitate alignment of panel members. The mortice must be located the correct distance from the face of the joint in both members but the width of the mortice is not as critical.
See how Brent Skidmore produces distinctive carved textures, and how John Clark creates complex inlaid panels using inlaid veneer. Because the orientation of the members usually present only end grainWood grainIn speaking of wood the term grain refers to the alternating regions of relatively darker and lighter wood resulting from the differing growth parameters occurring in different seasons . The collection includes personal essays that shed light on important topics in the creative process.

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