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In 1952, Pennsylvania Railroad upgraded its passenger service by ordering 64 lightweight cars from the Budd Company in Philadelphia . Set #2254W included a #2340 five-stripe GG-1, the first time Lionel offered this engine in Tuscan red. The names Molly Pitcher, William Penn, and Betsy Ross appeared on actual 85' stainless-steel parlor cars that were used on the real Congressional: PRR class PP85, numbered #7143, #7137 and #7145 respectively. According to a Pennsylvania Railroad equipment diagram, PRR #7137 was originally named William Penn as Lionel modeled it; however, according to a roster compiled by D. Lionel's #2542 Betsy Ross was manufactured as a Vista-dome, although the real Betsy Ross was a parlor car of the same type as Molly Pitcher and William Penn. Lionel's #2541 Alexander Hamilton was inspired by PRR #7128, a class POC85B parlor-bar-lounge-observation car. Lionel's Congressionals, outfits #2254W (1955) and #2274W (1956), are among the most-coveted and most-imitated train sets of the postwar era.
Robert Sherman's artwork for outfit #2274W from Lionel's 1956 catalog looks very similar to the 1955 drawing (see previous article), but details of car lettering are different.
Lionel's model was a good one, successfully duplicating the appearance of its prototype (albeit shortened to negotiate 031 curves) and using actual car names that appeared on the real Congressional.
Students of American history will readily recognize three of the names commemorated on Lionel's Congressional. Betsy Ross (1752-1836) served as tailor to George Washington, and she created the first American flag. William Penn (1644-1718) chartered the colony of Pennsylvania as a sanctuary for religious dissenters to escape persecution. Hundreds, if not thousands, of women accompanied the Continental army during the American Revolution to care for the fighting men. She was born Mary Ludwig on October 13 to a dairy farmer named John George Ludwig and his wife Gretchen. In Carlisle, Mary met a local barber named William Hays (some sources call him John), and they were married on July 24, 1769 at a ceremony in the Irvine home. In October 1777, William Hays enlisted in the army; some say that he belonged to an artillery unit commanded by Irvine . Mary's shining moment came during the Battle of Monmouth on June 28, 1778 , which was remarkable on two counts. Tradition holds that Mary revived many an exhausted soldier that day by bringing them drinks of water from a nearby spring. When William fell wounded, Mary grabbed his rammer and took over his position at the cannon.
Dawn's first light on June 29 revealed that the British army had retreated during the night.
Joseph Martin's diary, published in 1830, was the first known written reference to a woman tending a cannon during the revolutionary war.
Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley, aka Molly Pitcher, died January 22, 1832 at an age between 78 and 88. However, the Pennsylvania Railroad had operated a fast limited-stop passenger service between New York City and Washington , D.C.
By 1930, it was capable of making the 226-mile run from Penn Station to Washington 's Union Station in five hours, including a stop at Manhattan Transfer to exchange its tunnel electric for a steam road locomotive, plus at least four more station stops at Newark , Philadelphia , Wilmington and Baltimore .
An electric-powered test run took place on January 28 of that year; during this run, GG-1 #4800 set a speed record of 102 mph near Seabrook , Maryland .
The new varnish was used to equip two Congressionals and two consists of The Senator, which ran between Washington and Boston . Each train consisted of eight coaches, a tavern-lounge, a two-car diner, a room car, five parlor cars, and a parlor-observation. Each car seated 29 passengers on swiveling chairs in the main 54' parlor section, plus five persons in a private 8' drawing room. First, the Congressional was a daytime train on a relatively short run, so it did not need sleeping accommodations.

A Vista-dome symbolized the epitome of travel luxury, and it added glamour to postwar toy train sets. Prior to 1955, Lionel's toy passenger cars were lettered Lionel Lines, and most were named after New Jersey communities located near Lionel's factory.
Betsy herself claimed that Washington showed her a proposed design that included six-pointed stars. Was she an actual person; is she a composite of several historical figures; or is she an American legend? John Irvine, visited the Ludwig farm and arranged to hire Mary (aged fourteen or fifteen) as a domestic servant. I tend to believe that Mary's correct birth year was 1744 and that she was 25 years old on her wedding day.
Irvine was keenly interested in the growing colonial desire for independence from England , and he kept his neighbors informed about developments in Massachusetts , including the Boston Massacre ( March 5, 1770 ) and the Boston Tea Party ( December 16, 1773 ). Hays and his comrades arrived at Valley Forge , PA on December 19 and spent the winter there.
Lasting twelve hours, it is said to have been the longest continuous engagement of the Revolutionary War. She is also said to have rescued a wounded soldier by hoisting him over her shoulder and carrying him off the battlefield.
During the battle, a British shell whizzed between her legs and tore away half her skirt and petticoat, but she was unharmed and went on reloading the cannon. Some time between 1781 and 1783, the Hays family went home to Carlisle PA, where William resumed his barbering.
Her remains are buried in the old graveyard on South Bedford Street in Carlisle , four blocks south of East High (PA 74) and two blocks east of Hanover Street (PA 34). A visit to Molly Pitcher would be an easy side trip for TCA members who are traveling to an Eastern Division York meet. The first Congressional to be hauled completely by electric power ran on February 10, 1935 . Pennsy painted six of its GG-1s (#4908-4913) Tuscan red with five gold stripes to match Budd's cars, which were gleaming stainless-steel with Tuscan letter boards.
Congressionals were very popular with the traveling public, and the PRR recorded a 9% increase in ridership on this route. It was the first postwar Lionel passenger train whose cars were lettered for a prototype railroad.
Set #2274W in 1956 contained the same rolling stock, except that the GG-1 was numbered #2360. The Lionel model has one door, five large windows and five smaller ones (remember that Lionel's cars were selectively compressed to scale 60' length to negotiate 031 curves!). Ever since Lionel introduced its 2500-series aluminum cars in 1952, every set had included a Vista-dome, except for the budget-priced #2244W of 1955, a three-car set pulled by F3 diesels in Wabash livery.
However, the rear of a POC85B was squared-off, unlike Lionel's graceful boat-tail observation which was based on either an ATSF or a California Zephyr prototype. However, the Pennsylvania Railroad named its Congressional cars after historical figures from the colonial era or the American War for Independence . He revised his design after dexterous Betsy demonstrated how quickly she could cut out a perfect five-pointed star with a single snip. Mary bade her family good-bye and went with Anna to the Irvine home in Carlisle , Pennsylvania . While it was certainly not unheard of for a girl of fifteen to marry, I question whether a girl in Mary's financial circumstances would have been free to marry only a few months after joining the Irvine household. On July 12, 1774 , Irvine is said to have organized a meeting in Carlisle at which he urged residents to boycott English goods.
When Mary heard about the desperate conditions at Valley Forge , she joined her husband there to cook, mend clothes, tend the sick, and help in any way she could.
In addition to refreshment against the parching heat, artillerymen also needed water to maintain their cannons.

It was the first clear victory for the Continental army; and it would prove to be the last major battle fought in the North. Mary's grave is marked with a flag staff, a cannon, and a life-size bronze statue of her with a rammer in her hands. To meet the needs of the bustling Postwar economy, the units went into production starting in 1945 and continuing through the first half of 1948.
GG-1s were so fast that the train's schedule could be shortened to three hours and 35 minutes. Eventually there were three Congressionals per day in each direction: morning, mid-day, and afternoon.
Retailing at $100, #2254W was also the most expensive toy train set cataloged up to that time, if we exclude Lionel's electronic outfit #4110WS of 1948-1949, which was loaded with extras such as switches, accessories and a large transformer. All Lionel-published illustrations of the Congressional, including the cover of the 1956 catalog, depicted the cars in descending numerical order with #2544 first. It was later acquired by AMTRAK, which renumbered it #3322 but retained the name Anthony Wayne, and operated it on the Sunset Limited.
When he couldn't eliminate them, he ordered them to remain off the battlefield and out of sight. What is almost certainly true is that the Ludwigs immigrated from Germany in the 1730s, and that they were very poor. If in fact they set out from New Jersey , their trek was some 150 miles westward, a week's journey at that time. General George Washington rode into camp and asked to meet the woman whom he had noticed firing a cannon the previous day. Seven years later, Mary married John McCauley, who had been a friend of William's and a member of the same artillery company. Unfortunately, the locomotives were built one by one, introducing differences in wiring and construction that would later contribute to their demise.
Lionel's outfit #2144W of 1948 would have represented this Congressional well: a five-stripe GG-1 in Brunswick green pulling Tuscan heavyweight coaches. Construction of these cars depended upon a patented Shotweld technique that Budd either did not, or would not, license to competitors. The renaming of #7137 might be connected to the fate of PRR #7504, a heavyweight business car that was originally built at Altoona in 1927 and was originally named Quaker City . Most eastern railroads did not operate Vista-domes because their rights-of-way had too many low overhead clearances. He tried to limit their number to one female per thirteen soldiers; but ultimately he had to recognize that his army could not get along without them.
This was necessary, not only to clean out gunpowder residue, but also to extinguish sparks that might otherwise set off the next round prematurely.
Nonetheless, the Centipedes take their place as some of the largest diesel locomotives ever produced-and the most distinctive, with theiriconic Baldwin "baby face" a ppearance.
Further, railroads avoided using Vista-domes on electrified routes for fear a damaged pantograph or catenary might smash into the dome. Mary spent the remainder of her life in Carlisle , earning a meager living by doing laundry, cleaning houses, and caring for children. Most camp followers of the Continental Army cooked, cleaned and tended the sick; but at least three women are known to have participated in combat. Penn was delivered to Camp Atterbury in Edinburgh , Indiana where it was going to be restored and displayed.

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Comments to «1948 lionel train set value label»


    Foot(12 inches - - yes only right passenger to the train platform.

    One of the caboose's passenger windows had some what you are performing, producing and.