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Trainmasters has my favorite place: a set of racks with detail parts in brass, plastic, etc. This set has three different head assemblies and needles which enable you to spray virtually any type of material.
Handles to hold your work.The one pictured here can be adjusted to fit inside body shells for painting.
If you are curious about the Internet, social media like Facebook and Twitter, and want to know more about what's going on in the wide, wide world up in the clouds, and especially if you have any desire to do something for yourself, I urge you to take a little time to watch the video below. Whether you are starting with an undecorated model, or just enhancing one already painted, there are many techniques for painting model trains, track, structures and more.
An airbrush is one of the best ways to paint models and create an amazing variety of effects. The Master Airbrush paint booth provides all the essentials for airbrushing model trains safely and comfortably practically anywhere. Whether you are weathering a train or dying plaster scenery, washes are an effective way to build up color and vary tones gradually.
Painting the recesses of these radiator air intakes and other details will add depth to the model. An easy way to enhance the look of any diesel locomotive is to blacken the grills and vents to provide more depth.
When trains change hands through sale or merger, or sometimes just to counter the effects of the elements, railroads often apply a small patch job instead of a complete repaint. There are so many ways to recreate the effects of weather on models, they need their own set of pages!
Normally this is something we'd try to control, but there are lots of examples of overspray on the prototype. No matter how good the paint is on your model train, it loses realism quickly when placed on shiny track. After you've painted a model, decals are the most common way to add lettering and other complex graphics.
This versatility allows the Model 150 to be used for many applications such as fine painting, technical illustration, t-shirts, ceramics, model trains, planes, cars, and various craft projects. With the proper tools and techniques, you can turn any model into a unique masterpiece.From big jobs to small, these tips will help with many projects. With practice and proper techniques you can master this tool for use all around your layout.
Stripping paint is an essential part of refinishing models - and a good skill to know for those mistakes you'll make yourself. This model features a double-paint-out with its third owner simply patching over the reporting marks. There were articles in the model railroad magazines from time to time, but essentially you were on your own.Airbrush painting is not a daunting task to learn. I bought it instead of another model engine I had my eye on.Airbrush painting has become much easier since I bought this Iwata compressor. They also are DCC experts, I understand (I don't do DCC) and may even rep a local manufacturer of DCC stuff.
Model railroaders are not using it to paint bodies or lay down intricate designs on automobiles and motorcycles. I like it because it comes with a selection of nozzles that are easy to change and to take apart for cleaning. I use this for my LIGHT weathering jobs.When HEAVIER weathering is needed I use a mix of 2 teaspoons of India Ink in 1 pint of rubbing alcohol. We mainly use it for laying on coats of paint on rolling stock and structures or as a weathering technique. If you apply the paint coats too heavily and too quickly, the paint will become thick and start to run. My personal preference is to use the Hunterline bottles of alcohol based weathering which I buy direct online. That doesn't imply we don't want to be artistic, just that we don't have to consider ourselves "artists". The recommended thinner-to-paint ratio is often marked on the jar or you can check the manufacturer's website.
You might prefer another brand.I do a lot of dry-brushing as it gives my projects a more “blended” look.
The amount of air is best controlled by adjusting the setting on the compressor instead of feathering the amount of air by pulling back on the trigger. For example, I was advised that Modelflex has a tendency to go on wetter which turned out to be the case. The advantage of a double-action type for airbrush painting is that you have much better control than with a single-action type. Another reason to test on some scrap.If you are new to airbrush painting, start with a simple project like painting a boxcar or brick wall with one color.
A single action airbrush is more basic as it has fewer moving parts so is simpler to clean.
This can be important for subtle weathering and complicated paint schemes on locomotives and freight cars. You might also like to try using a spray can first to get the feel of doing even strokes at the same distance from the work. A double action airbrush gives more control as you can adjust the air volume and paint separately. 2.A A  A Depending on the brand and type you use, you might choose to try different needles for different jobs. The amount of paint is controlled by turning a knob on the back end of the long needle that slides into the airbrush.
It did have an air regulator and a water trap connected with copper tubing from the hardware store.
Solvent-based paint can be shaken, but you run the risk of paint getting under the cap and flaking back into the wet paint when dry. Some people buy the air in small air propellant cans, others use a compressor, and some people even use an old car tire to dispense the air.


That’s why adding trash to a model railroad scene can add realism and bring a scene to life.And, it can be a lot of fun making the items for a junkyard scene.
It could include damaged or abandoned vehicles, a rusty old shipping container, perhaps lots of spare parts and oil drums scattered around, and maybe a dilapidated broken down old fence of some kind surrounding the yard.
Some use jars attached under the airbrush and others use little bowls to hold the paint at the side of, or above, the airbrush.
Junk car sets are available from companies like Walthers as well as piles of ready-made junk, piles of tires and scrap metal bales. If you're only going to do a little bit of airbrush painting, consider starting with propellant cans. The important point is to mix your paint to an inky liquid consistency so it doesna€™t block the airbrush. After all, it is likely they have been abandoned for some time, especially if they are covered in rust. When it comes to adding the rust effects, I use powdered pastels in various colors, although you can use an airbrush to apply rust colored model paints.The powdered paints have tiny particles of pigments that get into the gaps and the effect can be altered depending on what color combinations you use and how much you apply. As a general rule I use Diosol with Floquil and bottled water with Polly Scale, and Modelflex. If you let paint dry in them you'll have a tough time getting them to work properly.I completely disassemble the airbrush and soak the spring, needle and nozzle in the appropriate cleaner. When diluting acrylic paints add only two or three drops each time until you get the consistency right. I finish off with a really thin film of rust-colored powder, but take care not to apply it too thickly as you’ll want the darker deep-seated old rust areas to still be seen.
I sometimes mix very fine sand with the powders to give a rougher rusty surface in some places.I use some long nosed pliers or tweezers to hold the model in place so I can dismantle or cut a vehicle into sections. As an example; a less pliable and harder paint might work better when airbrushing on a metal surface.
6.A A  A Before getting started on a model train shell or airbrushing some scenery, it is wise to test your techniques and your paint consistency on a piece of scrap paper. When I glue them back in place with Super Glue (cyanoacrylate adhesive), the joins usually look quite rough which adds to the effect.
Sometimes I need to flush the Aztek with water or lacquer thinner during a painting session because paint has dried in the nozzle while spraying. I also scratch the surfaces of the bodywork with a craft knife which can look like the paint is damaged. Then I reassemble the airbrush, hook on a bottle of thinner and spray the entire contents through the nozzle to flush the airbrush. It might save you from having to wipe the model clean and start over again if you make a mistake. Dents and scrapes add extra realism.Care is needed when positioning vehicles in the junk yard. You will be able to adjust the needle on the airbrush so that it doesna€™t quite touch onto the cap, but still allowing just enough space for air to escape. It’s unlikely they would have been lifted in by a crane, so they could be positioned at odd angles.
There will probably be old auto parts, axles, doors and wheels leaning against the bodywork.
This can also cause back spray in a paint booth if the fan isn't dispelling air quickly enough. Thicker paint will require more air pressure for the paint to flow freely, whereas thinner paints (and inks) will flow easily with a lower air pressure. Adjusting the button (on the top of the airbrush) will usually provide some control of the air pressure.
2.    Depending on the brand and type you use, you might choose to try different needles for different jobs. A lower air pressure of perhaps 15 to 40 PSI may work best for high precision work like this. Different effects can be achieved by altering the paint consistency, air pressure, movement and distance of the airbrush from the object being sprayed.
After leaving it to dry a second coat or different color can be applied maybe using a vertical stroke movement from three or four feet away.
For weathering structures or scenery a subtle buildup of paint layers and colors usually looks best. The important point is to mix your paint to an inky liquid consistency so it doesn’t block the airbrush.
Complete several passes of your airbrush to create the weathering effect as opposed to applying just one thick layer.
In real life, grime and dirt on a structure will usually build up over years, so airbrush weathering needs to replicate that process by building up multiple thin paint layers (grime and dirt) using the airbrush.
10.A A  A Any airbrush if ita€™s to operate effectively needs to be kept in a€?as newa€? condition meaning it must be kept spotlessly clean. Paint will harden if left inside the mechanism and it will cause blockages and affect the paint flow. For this reason special care needs to be taken between projects to ensure the airbrush is returned to the condition it was before it was used. It will also stop colors from intermixing if dregs of the last used color are still inside the airbrush. 6.    Before getting started on a model train shell or airbrushing some scenery, it is wise to test your techniques and your paint consistency on a piece of scrap paper.
The airbrush should also be clean of any water before adding new paint to the bowl or jar dispenser. You will be able to adjust the needle on the airbrush so that it doesn’t quite touch onto the cap, but still allowing just enough space for air to escape. When taking the airbrush apart remember to take care with the needle as that is usually the most fragile part of the mechanism.
11.A A  A Although there are no hard and fast rules with airbrushing, it is generally best to build up the color layers one layer at a time usually starting with lighter colors first, gradually adding darker colors. 12.A A  A Masking tape is a good material to stop paint spraying where you dona€™t want it to go.


On the bottom level is the Seventies – two tracks, one an early-Conrail train and the other Burlington Northern.
On the top level will be smaller radius curves where cars and engines will be in the Sixties, and switch to a lumber yard. 10.    Any airbrush if it’s to operate effectively needs to be kept in “as new” condition meaning it must be kept spotlessly clean.
Watch the video now.Railroad Technology Breakthroughs Learn how to use micro controls to add life, interest, new features, and efficiency to your railroad. 11.    Although there are no hard and fast rules with airbrushing, it is generally best to build up the color layers one layer at a time usually starting with lighter colors first, gradually adding darker colors. 12.    Masking tape is a good material to stop paint spraying where you don’t want it to go. I finish off the wall by toning down the colors with a weak wash of India ink or grimy black paint. You need to be careful not to get bleach on your clothes as it will take the color out, but when dribbled down a cliff face it will settle in the cracks and give a good weathered look.I also use dry brushing on cliff faces and rocks.
For those that don’t know; dry brushing is the technique of dipping a stiff paint brush into paint before brushing off most of it from the bristles. You lightly drag your brush over raised rock surfaces to deposit a very small amount of paint to highlight the raised-up sections only. One little trick I discovered is adding black tar in a few spots such as at the bottom of a chimney. The other benefits are that they work well in an airbrush, they dry quickly, and stick well to most surfaces.
The main downside with acrylic model paints is you need to be careful with traces of oil from your fingers or from lubricants as that can repel the paint.
To avoid this, properly clean your plastic model with water and detergent before applying the paint.
A toothbrush can remove dust and oil from recessed detail areas.Paint flow can also be a problem in some situations. I used a very inexpensive N-Scale Imex Maintenance Shed (built-up), but you can use any structure that you don’t know what to do with. But put in on an old sidetrack on your layout, surround it with trees and weeds, and it looks fantastic! It’s really hard to beat a weathered structure, freight car, or locomotive!Another way to inexpensively fill out a layout is to make your own signs using your computer and a printer. The layout will be based on the old TV show The Honeymooners starring Jackie Gleason, who always had a lot to say. To make signs of his sayings that are not attached to buildings, I use wooden barbecue skewers to mount the sign in whatever height is needed. Don’t add too much to start off – it is better to gradually add the color to the alcohol rather than add too much color and end up having to throw it away and start again. I then gradually add a few more drops of color at a time until I obtain a color shade close to what I’m looking for. It is always much easier to make it a little darker rather than trying to lighten the color by adding more plaster. The line represents the Lynton to Barnstaple line which is narrow gauge in 009 and the route that was chosen was Lynton to Minehead route which was planned but never built. The era for the layout was set in the 1930’s which was some fun to research clothing and getting the right colour for the clothes. That’s why hobby stores carry usually carry such a big range of colors (to save the problem of mixing).
However, with experience you can get really proficient at mixing your own colors (without wasting lots of paint in the process). The key to color mixing is to begin with the lightest colors and gradually add a drop or two of the darker color(s) until you have the shade you want.
Don’t do this the other way around, otherwise you will waste a lot of paint trying to get the color you want.
Mix the colors frequently, and then let the paint dry on a piece of white card so you can judge the color accurately.If you are using an airbrush you can gradually build up the colors. More details for you in the members area of the online Model Train Club.Acrylic paints work great in an airbrush, but they can also do a lot of damage. Leaving even tiny amounts of acrylic model paint residue in an airbrush can clog it up temporarily or for ever. Since the cleaning solvent with acrylic paints is usually water, you may need to add a little ammonia or denatured alcohol to try and shift the dried up paint that is blocking the airbrush.
As a general rule, you should try to combine the fewest number of colors to achieve the color you want for the model.
After all, the more people involved in the hobby, the more likely manufacturers will be to bring out new product ranges at competitive prices. If fewer new people join the hobby, then product ranges will diminish over time and prices will increase.So, it is really in everyone’s best interest to help and encourage beginners to get started. One, often overlooked, important consideration is the age of the individual freight wagon being weathered. Not all wagons on a freight train are necessarily of the same vintage or have experienced the same weathering conditions.
A freight train could comprise a mix of fairly new and considerably old wagons.For example a model train layout depicting a mid 1960?s railroad might comprise mainly of wagons built around 1950.
Today’s freight train might include several brightly colored newish wagons along with a couple of 35-40 year old wagons built around the mid to late 1960?s. For the locomotives, the black of the ERIE and the gray and the black of the DL&W should be weathered. You can read how a modular train layout can save you money as well as taking up less space.You’ll really enjoy this!



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