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Four major airports, three subway lines, five commuter rail lines, six bus systems, four major rail centers, three underwater tunnels, and a dozen major bridges all add to the challenges of travel in New York. With an annual ridership last measured at 1.6 billion, the New York City subway is one of the most widely-used public transportation systems in the world, and with good reason!
When you know where you're going and when you need to be there, private cars are often the most comfortable way to reach your destination. NYC taxis are a great way to make a quick trip from one part of the city to another, or to cover longer distances when you don't feel comfortable navigating the subway. The New York City Subway is a system of underground and overground trains that provides the city with a well-integrated mass rapid transport system.
It is one of the world's oldest subway systems and also has the largest number of operational stations. The New York City Subway is owned by the city of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, which is a subsidiary of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. About 60% of the subway system runs underground and 40% runs on elevated or surface tracks.
The New York City Subway is also known for adding its distinctive feel to the culture of the city. The Guastavino family’s soaring tile vaults grace many of the nation’s most iconic structures including Grand Central Terminal, the Cathedral of St. Yet the name, the accomplishments, and the architectural legacy of this single family of first-generation Spanish immigrants are virtually unknown. Their patented vaulting techniques made it possible for the greatest architects of the day to create the breathtakingly beautiful spaces that represent the nation’s highest ideals and aspirations.
At the time it was built, the two biggest train corporations servicing New York City were in cutthroat competition with each other.
One of the things the two companies attempted to outdo each other with was the grandeur of their main train stations in New York City.
These ceilings grace landmarks that include state capitols, Grand Central Terminal and Carnegie Hall — as well as some more ordinary buildings.
Built in 1916, the firehouse has bright red doors, gleaming trucks and a narrow, gently arched ceiling over the entryway. One of the most gorgeous examples of Guastavino skill was for the very first subway line in New York City.
What Rafael and Rafael Guastavino did — yes, dad and son had the same first name — was to take Old World building techniques they’d learned in Barcelona and update them for the New World. Ochsendorf, who teaches architecture and engineering at MIT, says at the peak of its success, the Guastavino Company had offices in 12 cities across the country.
One gallery at the National Building Museum reveals the precision and craftsmanship of their work.
Thin, thin ceramic tiles, set in cement mortar and layered — five layers, one on top of another like an exotic cake. The Guastavinos designed stunning private spaces, too, for Rockefellers, Astors and Vanderbilts. He’s inviting everyone to join the hunt — to look for artistically placed thin, colored tile, arranged in vaults, and to let him know what they find.
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The MTA has jurisdiction, through Metro-North, over railroad lines on the western and eastern portions of the Hudson River+ in New York State. Three lines provide passenger service on the east side of the Hudson River+ to Grand Central Terminal+ in Manhattan+: the Hudson+, Harlem+, and New Haven Line+s.
The Hudson and Harlem Lines terminate in Poughkeepsie+ and Wassaic+, New York, respectively. The New Haven Line is operated through a partnership between Metro-North and the State of Connecticut. The New Haven Line has three branches in Connecticut: the New Canaan Branch+, Danbury Branch+ and Waterbury Branch+. Metro-North provides service west of the Hudson River on trains from Hoboken Terminal+, New Jersey, jointly run with New Jersey Transit under contract. The Port Jervis Line terminates in Port Jervis, New York+, and the Pascack Valley line in Spring Valley, New York+, in Orange and Rockland Counties, respectively.
Most stops for the Main and Pascack Valley Lines are in New Jersey, so New Jersey Transit provides most of the rolling stock+ and all the staff; Metro-North supplies some equipment. All stations west of the Hudson River in New York are owned and operated by Metro-North, except Suffern+, which is owned and operated by New Jersey Transit. Most of the trackage east of the Hudson River+ and in New York State was under the control of the New York Central Railroad+ (NYC). NYC's four-track Water Level Route+ paralleled the Hudson River, Erie Canal, and Great Lakes on a route from New York to Chicago via Albany.
From the mid-19th century until 1969, the New Haven Line, including the New Canaan, Danbury, and Waterbury branches, was owned by New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad+ (NYNH&H). Commuter services west of the Hudson River, today's Port Jervis and Pascack Valley lines, were initially part of the Erie Railroad+.
Commuter services historically had always been money losers, and were usually subsidized by long-distance passenger and freight services. In 1972, the bankrupt Penn Central petitioned the ICC to allow the discontinuance of its commuter services. Many of the other Northeastern railroads, including the Erie Lackawanna, were following Penn Central into bankruptcy and the federal government decided to fold them into the newly created Consolidated Rail Corporation+ (Conrail) in 1976. Conrail was being floated by the federal government as a private for-profit freight-only carrier.
Metro-North took over the former Erie Lackawanna services west of the Hudson and north of the New Jersey state line. Much work was needed in reorganization, as significant business success would not appear for at least two decades, following the faltering railroad industry in the 1970s. The first major project undertaken by Metro-North was the extension of the third-rail electrification on the Harlem line from North White Plains+ to a new station at Brewster North (since renamed Southeast+). Metro-North spent the better part of its early days updating and repairing its infrastructure. The Harlem and Hudson lines and the Park Avenue mainline to Grand Central are owned by Midtown TDR Ventures LLC, who bought them from the corporate successors to Penn Central, but the MTA has a lease extending to 2274, and an option to buy starting in 2017. Diesel trains into Grand Central use General Electric+ P32AC-DM+ electro-diesel locomotive+s capable of switching to a pure electric mode. On the Hudson Line, local trains between Grand Central and Croton–Harmon+ are powered by third rail+.
The New Haven Line is unique in that trains use both 750 V DC+ from a third rail and 12.5 kV AC+ from overhead catenary+. Power is collected from the bottom of the third rail as opposed to the top, used by other third rail systems, including the Long Island Rail Road and New York City Subway.
The Hudson, Harlem and New Haven lines and the New Canaan branch and all passenger rolling stock is equipped with cab signalling, which displays the appropriate block signal in the engineer’s cab. Most of the rolling stock on west-of-Hudson lines consists of Metro-North owned and marked Comet V+ cars, although occasionally other New Jersey Transit (NJT) cars are used as the two railroads pool equipment. Although Metro-North uses many abbreviations (MNCR, MNR, MN, etc.) the only official reporting mark+s registered and recognized on AEI scanner tags is 'MNCW'. Metro-North offers many different ticket types and prices depending on the frequency of travel and distance of the ride.
Tickets may be bought from a ticket office at stations, ticket vending machines (TVMs), online through the "WebTicket" program, or on the train.
Ticket types available include One-Way, Round-trip (two one-way tickets), 10-trip, Weekly (unlimited travel for one calendar week), Monthly (unlimited travel for one calendar month), and special student and disabled fare tickets.
The fares are distinguished by the 14 zones that the lines are divided into within New York State. On weekends, the railroad offers a special reduced-fare CityTicket, introduced in 2004, for passengers who travel within New York City. Metro-North is in the process of upgrading its Operations Control Center in Grand Central Terminal. On May 23, 2009, Yankees – East 153rd Street+, a station with direct game-day trains from all East of Hudson lines, opened.
Northward expansion of the Hudson Line has often met opposition from residents of communities including Hyde Park+ and Rhinecliff+, even though the latter is home to Amtrak+'s Rhinecliff-Kingston station+, frequented by commuters from northern Dutchess and northern Ulster+ Counties.
There are plans to redevelop the former Wingdale Psychiatric Center+ into a mixed-use commercial and residential neighborhood known as Dover Knolls, centered around the Harlem Valley – Wingdale Station+. Northward expansion took place most recently when it was extended from Dover Plains to Wassaic in 2000, requiring a costly rebuilding of tracks that had been abandoned years before.
Discussions are underway to re-electrify the Danbury Branch with a concurrent expansion to New Milford+. Hudson Line trains would access Penn Station via a change at Spuyten Duyvil+ and would travel under Riverside Park+ via Amtrak+'s Empire Connection+. On October 28, 2015, the MTA Board of Directors approved a 2015–2019 Capital Program which included $695 million in planned spending for the Penn Station Access project.


The MTA is working with the Tappan Zee Bridge Environmental Review on several options where a future replacement for the Tappan Zee Bridge+ would include a rail line to connect the Port Jervis Line in Rockland County to the Hudson Line in Westchester County. Metro-North sponsors a mascot named Metro-Man, a small remote-operated robot that "speaks" about rail safety during appearances at schools and other events. Until 2009, an open house took place one Saturday in October at the Croton-Harmon heavy repair facility located next to the station.
The railroad has been featured in several films, including "Hello Dolly!" ''The Ice Storm+'', ''U.S.
Metro-North Railroad+ The Metro-North Commuter Railroad (reporting mark MNCW), trading as MTA Metro-North Railroad or simply Metro-North, is a suburban commuter rail service run by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), a public authority of the state of New York.
Here you have a list of opinions about m new york city subway service and you can also give us your opinion about it.
You will see other people's opinions about m new york city subway service and you will find out what the others say about it. In the image below, you can see a graph with the evolution of the times that people look for m new york city subway service. Thanks to this graph, we can see the interest m new york city subway service has and the evolution of its popularity. You can leave your opinion about m new york city subway service here as well as read the comments and opinions from other people about the topic. Plus 15,000 taxis and a flock of private cars make New York the bustling metropolis you've imagined it to be.
Your New York Guest trip planner can advise you on the best way to reach all of your destinations throughout your visit! The subway can be intimidating, but rest assured it is a very safe way to travel, and stations, directions and transfers are clearly marked. Especially highly recommended for airport transfers, your New York Guest travel planner can book a private car for you at a guaranteed rate with a friendly, courteous driver. Often walking is a speedy and fun way to get from point A and point B, and New York was built to make almost any trip walkable. Send me the best of the best!I'm willing to spend a little more on my vacation, but not go crazy.
However Compare Infobase Limited,its directors and employees do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same. Begun in 1904, the NYC Subway now extends across The Bronx, Manhattan, Staten Island, Brooklyn and Queens.
With 468 stations, a total track coverage of 842 miles, and the capacity to deliver as many as 5.4 million rides on regular weekdays, the New York City Subway is the lifeline that ensures that New Yorkers can get to work, school, home or play, on time. Many of the subway stations feature ornate tile decorations, some of which date back to the subway's opening in 1904. Not only did the Guastavinos help build many great American public spaces between 1881 and 1962, they also revolutionized American architectural design and construction. Grand Central Terminal opened to the public on February 2, 1913, more than two years after Pennsylvania Station opened. In the 1980s and early 1990s, some 80 years of pollution (from the vehicle exhaust to tobacco smoke) were scrubbed down, revealing to a new generation Paul Cesar Helleu’s beautiful astronomical ceiling. The New York Central Railroad and Pennsylvania Railroad were blatantly trying to outdo each other on everything from amenities on board to the sheer numbers of routes to the number of miles of rail crisscrossing the country (at least east of the Mississippi). The Pennsylvania Railroad was working on their Pennsylvania Station near 34th Street and the New York Central was feverishly attempting to keep up. During the height of the railroad age, these railroad corporations had the money and wherewithal to invest heavily in their infrastructure this way. One of them is Engine Number 3, a small brick firehouse not far from the Capitol Building — where yes, they still slide down one of those shiny brass poles.
The underside of the arch is lined with white tiles arranged in a ziggy-zaggy herringbone pattern. But that little entryway ceiling has some distinctive touches — the tiles, the pattern — that are being noticed with no little respect at the nearby National Building Museum. Photographs, diagrams, drawings and scale models show the beauty and breadth of the work work of the Guastavino family — some one thousand vaults and domes and ceilings in 40 states.
MIT’s Ochsendorf, who curated the Building Museum exhibit, says the City Hall Station featured chandeliers and skylights and green, tan and cream-colored tile work in intricate patterns. But Ochsendorf says the vaulting is in good condition — and color photographs make you itch to go underground to see for yourself. They were like master masons transported here from the Gothic era, men who knew how to build the correct shapes to make their spaces stand up and stay incredibly durable, strong and long-lasting.
It’s a cross-section reproduction of the fireproof vaulted ceiling they did in 1889 at the Boston Public Library. Service on the western side of the Hudson is operated by New Jersey Transit+ under contract with the MTA.
The Connecticut Department of Transportation+ (ConnDOT) owns the tracks and stations within Connecticut, and finances and performs capital improvements. At New Haven, the Shore Line East+ connecting service, run by Connecticut, continues east to New London+. The New Haven Line is part of Amtrak's Northeast Corridor+, and high-speed Acela Express+ trains run from New Rochelle+ to New Haven Union Station+. These branches were started in the 1830s with horse-drawn cars, later replaced by steam engines, on a route that connected Lower Manhattan+ to Harlem+. The Port Jervis Line, built in the 1850s and 1860s, was originally part of the Erie's mainline from Jersey City+ to Buffalo, New York+.
By the 1950s the railroad industry began to experience a significant downturn due to overregulation, market saturation, and competition from the car and the airplane. Penn Central's long-distance passenger services had been taken over by the newly formed government-owned Amtrak+ a year earlier, and subsidies for the continuance of the New York area lines would have to come from the states of New York and Connecticut.
Conrail was initially given the responsibility of operating the commuter services of these fallen railroads, including the Erie Lackawanna's and Penn Central's. Even with state subsidies, Conrail did not want the responsibility of taking on the operating costs of the commuter lines, which it was relieved from by the Northeast Rail Service Act of 1981+. Since those lines are physically connected to New Jersey Transit, operations were contracted to NJ Transit with Metro-North subsidizing the service and supplying equipment. Conrail and later Metro-North had decided to trim whatever services they felt were unnecessary. These locomotives have contact shoes compatible with Metro-North's under-running third rail+ power distribution system. Through trains to Poughkeepsie are diesel powered and do not require a change of locomotive at Croton-Harmon. The line from Woodlawn+ to Pelham+ , is third rail, while from Pelham+, New York east to New Haven Union Station is under catenary.
This system is known as the Wilgus-Sprague third rail, and the SEPTA+ Market-Frankford Line+ in Philadelphia+ and Metro-North are the only two systems in North America that use it.
All rolling stock is equipped with Automatic Train Control (ATC), which enforces the speed dictated by the cab signal by a penalty brake application should the engineer fail to obey it.
Rolling stock owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation bears the ConnDOT seal and either the New Haven ("NH") logo or the MTA logo and is identified using the reporting mark 'CNDX'. While the fare policies of the east of Hudson and west of Hudson divisions are essentially the same, west of Hudson trains are operated by New Jersey Transit using its ticketing system. Monthly tickets may be bought through the MTA's "Mail&Ride" program where monthly passes are delivered by mail. MetroCards+ are available on the reverse side of the weekly, monthly, and round-trip tickets. Peak fares, substantially higher than off-peak, apply to trains that arrive in Grand Central between 5 AM and 10 AM and leave between 5:30 AM and 9 AM and 4 PM and 8 PM. In Connecticut, the fare structure is more complex due to the many branches on the New Haven line. It can be used for trips on Hudson Line+ and Harlem Line+ trains in the Bronx+ and Manhattan+. In 2008, construction began on a new Operations Control Center to replace all control hardware. Trains from the New Haven and Harlem lines gain access via the wye+ at Mott Haven Junction+, the first time that scheduled revenue service has operated across this section of the wye. Supervisors of some towns north of Poughkeepsie began in 2007 to express interest in extending rail service. Going further north would require substantial investment to rebuild tracks, grade crossings+, stations and other facilities that were removed long ago, and obtaining eminent domain for the train property used by the Harlem Valley Rail Trail.
The extension would bring passenger rail service to central Connecticut, including the two largest cities in Connecticut without passenger rail service, Bristol+ and New Britain+, and on to Hartford, where transfers to Amtrak would be possible. The project depends upon the completion of East Side Access+, which will redirect some Long Island Rail Road+ trains from Penn Station to Grand Central upon its completion in December 2022.
Named Penn Station Access+, the Hudson line plans call for new stations on West 125th Street+ in Harlem, Manhattan+, and West 62nd Street in Riverside South, Manhattan+. An extensive tour of the facility was given showing all facets of repair and maintenance along with detailed exhibits that display the different parts of the system such as power and signaling.


Marshals+'', ''Another Earth+'', and Steven Spielberg+'s 2005 remake of ''War of the Worlds+''. Metro-North Railroad rolling stock+ The Metro-North Railroad is a commuter railroad serving the northern suburbs of New York City.
And below it, you can see how many pieces of news have been created about m new york city subway service in the last years. Every week we go out exploring, experiencing Broadway shows, sightseeing, new restaurants and more in our fair city and we'll share all of that insider information with you on our blog. One ride costs $2.25 and you pay your fare using a Metrocard, which can be purchases in any subway station in the city using cash, credit or debit card. A normal New York City Subway train has 8 to 11 cars, with a train ranging from 46 m to 180 m in length. The elaborately tiled City Hall subway station in New York City — still extant but now closed to the public, alas — used the Guastavino touch to convince wary city dwellers to head underground for a train trip. Metro-North's Harlem Line was initially a combination of trackage from the New York and Harlem Railroad+ and the Boston and Albany Railroad+, running from Manhattan to Chatham, New York+ in Columbia County+.
The section between Grand Central and Peekskill, New York+, the northern most station in Westchester County+, became known as the NYC's Hudson Division, with frequent commuter service in and out of Manhattan. Additional lines started in the mid-19th century included the New York and New Haven Railroad+ and the Hartford and New Haven Railroad+, which provided routes to Hartford+, Springfield, Massachusetts+, and eventually Boston+. The Pascack Valley Line was built by the New Jersey and New York Railroad+, which became a subsidiary of the Erie.
Thus, it became essential that state-owned agencies both operate and subsidize their commuter services. A significant portion of the old NYC Harlem Line between Millerton and Chatham, New York was abandoned by Conrail leaving northeastern Dutchess and Columbia Counties with no rail transportation.
In the early 1990s all wayside signals that did not protect switches and interlockings north of Grand Central Terminal were removed and replaced by modern cab signaling+. The railroad succeeded and by the mid 90s gained both respect and monetary success, according to the MTA's website. The Harlem Line has third rail from Grand Central Terminal to Southeast and trains are powered by diesel north to Wassaic.
Multi-system+ M2+, M4+ and M6+ railcars are used and new M8+ railcars, of which 405 have been ordered; the first sets entered service in March 2011.
The Waterbury Branch, the only east-of-Hudson Metro-North service which has no direct service to Grand Central, is diesel only. There are no intermediate wayside signals between interlockings: operation is solely by cab signal. Generally, these zones correspond to express stops on the lines and from "blocks" of service within the schedules. It is not valid on New Haven Line+ trains between Manhattan and Fordham+, as trips between those stations are not permitted on that line. Expansion of either line would probably be limited to Dutchess County, as extending Metro-North into Columbia County+, and thus to Chatham+, would require changes to the MTA charter, and residents of that county would become subject to the MTA tax. Weekday Metro-North service in the Bronx includes 253 daily trains with approximately 13,200 daily boardings. All three also include mass-transit service across Westchester County, connecting to the Harlem Line in White Plains, and the New Haven Line at Port Chester. Also a large display of the many diesel locomotives is set up and a free "Fall Foliage" ride is offered from the shop north to the interlocking south of Garrison station and back. The accident killed six people, injured 12, and forced the evacuation of hundreds of people aboard the train. It principally uses a fleet of electric railcars for its services; diesel locomotives and push-pull coaches are in use as well for non-electrified portions of the system. Tune in weekly for new Broadway show reviews, restaurant reviews, New York stories, and photos from our monthly photography contest.
Plan your route before you go and the subway can easily be the fastest and simplest way to get where you're going. The New York City Subway also offers lower fares for differently- abled people and senior citizens. He had the Guastavinos pile more than 500 pounds per square foot on top of their tiled arch to test its strength. MTA performs routine maintenance and provides police services for the entire line, its branches and stations. Stations to the north of Peekskill, such as Poughkeepsie, were considered to be long distance services. The two roads merged in 1872 to become the NYNH&H, growing into the largest passenger and commuter carrier in New England. Trains that service Port Jervis formerly continued to Binghamton+ and Buffalo, New York+ (today used only by freight trains), while Pascack Valley service continued to Haverstraw, New York+.
By 1958, the NYC had already suspended service on its Putnam Division, while the newly formed Erie Lackawanna, in an effort to make a successful merger, began to prune some of its commuter services. Over the next few years commuter lines under the control of Conrail were gradually taken over by state agencies such as the newly formed New Jersey Transit in New Jersey, the established SEPTA+ in southeastern Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority+ in Boston. At most times, passengers between Southeast and Wassaic must change at Southeast to a diesel train powered by Brookville BL20-GH+ locomotives.
Construction is underway on the OCC at GCT and construction on a backup OCC is also underway. In addition, Metro-North also connects 5,000 Bronx residents to suburban jobs, making it the largest rail reverse-commute market in the United States.. The only difference between the three is whether the cross-Westchester trip will be accomplished by heavy rail, light rail+ or rapid bus+ service. In addition, the MTA Police have a display of their equipment and the K-9 dog corps put on a show so the visitors can see how highly skilled dogs can sniff out contraband and explosives.
Amtrak Empire Line service+ was halted until 3:00 PM, and Hudson Line service was suspended until December 4.
Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police+ The Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police, or MTA Police, is the police agency of New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority. At present there are more than 100 groups and soloists who perform as part of the MUNY program, delighting travelers with over 150 weekly performances at different venues on the subway. The other major commuter line was the Putnam Division+ running from 155th Street in upper Manhattan (later from Sedgwick Avenue in The Bronx+) to Brewster, New York+.
In 1956, the Erie Railroad began coordinated service with rival Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad+, and in 1960 they formed the Erie Lackawanna+.
Most New Yorkers still chose the train as their primary means of commuting, making many of the other lines heavily patronized. The MTA in conjunction with the Connecticut Department of Transportation formed the Metro-North Commuter Railroad on January 1, 1983. Stations would be wheelchair-accessible+, with bicycle parking+ and multi-modal transfer areas to train or bus.
Housatonic River Railroad Bridge+ The Housatonic River Railroad Bridge is a historic bridge carrying Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line trackage across the lower Housatonic River in the U.S. Passengers would transfer to the IRT Ninth Avenue Line+ for midtown and downtown Manhattan. They do not convey information about traffic in the blocks ahead - the cab signal conveys block information.
Cuomo endorsed the New Haven Line portion of the Penn Station Access project in his 2014 State of the State speech, stating that some Sandy recovery money could pay for the project's cost of over $1 billion. Morgan's bankroll allowed the NYNH&H to modernize by upgrading steam power with both electric (along the New Haven Line) and diesel power (branches and lines to eastern and northern New England). Mergers between railroads were seen as a way to curtail these issues by combining capital and services and creating efficiencies.
The NYNH&H saw much profitability throughout the 1910s and 1920s until the Great Depression+ of the 1930s forced it into bankruptcy. In 1968, following the Erie Lackawanna's example, the NYC and its rival the Pennsylvania Railroad+ formed Penn Central Transportation+ with the hope of revitalizing their fortunes. In 1969 the bankrupt NYNH&H was also combined into Penn Central by the Interstate Commerce Commission+. The Danbury Branch is to receive $30 million for station upgrades along the line as well as implementation of a new signal system.
However, this merger eventually failed, due to large financial costs, government regulations, corporate rivalries, and lack of a formal merger plan.
In 1970 Penn Central declared bankruptcy, at the time the largest corporate bankruptcy ever declared.
That same year, The Metropolitan Transportation Authority+ signed a contract to provide subsidies for these lines with Penn Central operating them. The state of Connecticut also provided subsidies in an operating agreement with the MTA to continue operations to New Haven, New Cannan, Danbury, and Waterbury.



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