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Pennsylvania Station (New York City), and check out Pennsylvania Station (New York City) on Wikipedia, Youtube, Google News, Google Books, and Twitter on Digplanet. Pennsylvania Station, also known as New York Penn Station or Penn Station, is the main intercity railroad station in New York City.
Penn Station has 21 tracks fed by seven tunnels (the North River Tunnels (beneath the Hudson River), the East River Tunnels, and the Empire Connection tunnel). The original Pennsylvania Station was built from 1901-1910 by the Pennsylvania Railroad, and featured an ornate marble and granite station house and train shed inspired by the Gare d'Orsay in Paris (the world's first electrified rail terminal). Pennsylvania Station is named for the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), its builder and original tenant, and shares its name with several stations in other cities.
Until the early 20th century, the PRR's rail network terminated on the western side of the Hudson River (once known locally as the North River) at Exchange Place in Jersey City, New Jersey.
Beginning in June 1903, the two single-track North River Tunnels were bored from the west under the Hudson River. During half a century of operation by the Pennsylvania Railroad (1910a€“1963), scores of intercity passenger trains arrived and departed daily to Chicago and St.
During World War I and the early 1920s, rival Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) passenger trains to Washington, Chicago, and St. The cost of maintaining the old structure had become prohibitive, so it was considered easier to demolish the old Pennsylvania Station by 1963 and replace it with Penn Plaza and Madison Square Garden. The controversy over the demolition of such a well-known landmark, and its deplored replacement,[17] is often cited as a catalyst for the architectural preservation movement in the United States. The current Penn Station is completely underground, and sits below Madison Square Garden, 33rd Street, and Two Penn Plaza. In the 1990s, the current Pennsylvania Station was renovated by Amtrak, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, and New Jersey Transit, to improve the appearance of the waiting and concession areas, sharpen the station information systems (audio and visual) and remove much of the grime.
There is an abandoned underground passageway from Penn Station to the nearby 34th Street a€“ Herald Square subway station.
After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, passenger flow through the Penn Station complex was curtailed. Cogent Realty Advisors has  provided NO FEE Tenant Representation  to New York businesses for over 15 years.
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Serving more than 600,000 commuter rail and Amtrak passengers a day, it is the busiest passenger transportation facility in North America.
After a decline in passenger usage during the 1950s, the original station was demolished and reconstructed from 1963 to 1969, resulting in the current station. The current facility is the substantially remodeled underground remnant of a much grander station building designed by McKim, Mead, and White and completed in 1910.
Manhattan-bound passengers boarded ferries to cross the Hudson River for the final stretch of their journey.
On December 12, 1901, PRR president Alexander Cassatt announced the railroad's plan to enter New York City by tunneling under the Hudson and building a grand station on the West Side of Manhattan south of 34th Street. A second set of four single-track tunnels were bored from the east under the East River, linking the new station to Queens and the Long Island Rail Road, which came under PRR control (see East River Tunnels), and Sunnyside Yard in Queens, where trains would be maintained and assembled.
The same tube, with an inscription indicating that it had been displayed at the Exposition, was later installed under water and remains in use today.
The option called for the demolition of the head house and train shed, to be replaced by an office complex and a new sports complex. As a New York Times editorial critical of the demolition noted at the time, a "city gets what it wants, is willing to pay for, and ultimately deserves."[11] Modern architects rushed to save the ornate building, although it was contrary to their own styles. The station has three underground levels: concourses on the upper two levels and train platforms on the lowest. Recalling the erstwhile grandeur of the bygone Penn Station, an old four-sided clock from the original depot was installed at the 34th Street Long Island Rail Road entrance. The Lower Manhattan Commercial Revitalization Program offers total rent credits of $10 PSF for qualifying businesses. As part of the exercise US Marine Corps, US Navy Corpsmen, NYPD, FDNY and OEM staged a full-scale disaster simulating a biochemical detonation on the train tracks at Penn Station.
For the adjacent New York City subway stops, see 34th Street a€“ Penn Station (IND Eighth Avenue Line) and 34th Street a€“ Penn Station (IRT Broadway a€“ Seventh Avenue Line). Penn Station is in the midtown area of Manhattan, close to Herald Square, the Empire State Building, Koreatown, and the Macy's department store. Intercity trains are operated by Amtrak, which owns the station, while commuter rail services are operated by the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) and New Jersey Transit. Future plans for Penn Station include the possibility of shifting some trains to the adjacent Farley Post Office, a building designed by the same architects as the original 1910 station. The original Pennsylvania Station was considered a masterpiece of the Beaux-Arts style, but was demolished in 1963.


The rival New York Central Railroad's line ran down Manhattan from the north under Park Avenue and terminated at Grand Central Terminal at 42nd St. Construction was completed on the Hudson River tunnels on October 9, 1906, and on the East River tunnels on March 18, 1908. Along with Long Island Rail Road trains, Penn Station saw trains of the New Haven and the Lehigh Valley Railroads. By the late 1950s, intercity, rail passenger volumes had declined dramatically with the coming of the Jet Age and the Interstate Highway System.
The tracks of the station, perhaps 50 feet below street level, would remain untouched.[10] Plans for the new Penn Plaza and Madison Square Garden were announced in 1962. They called the station a treasure and chanted "Don't Amputate a€“ Renovate" at rallies.[12] Demolition of the above-ground station house began in October 1963. The two levels of concourses, while original to the 1910 station, were extensively renovated during the construction of Madison Square Garden, and expanded in subsequent decades. The walkway from that entrance's escalator also has a mural depicting elements of the old Penn Station's architecture. Entirely underground, it sits beneath Madison Square Garden, between Seventh Avenue and Eighth Avenue and between 31st and 34th Streets. Since 2011, there has also a preliminary discussion of increasing passenger capacity as part of the Gateway Project, a proposal to build two new tunnels under the Hudson River and streamline track connections in New Jersey. The station was moved fully underground, beneath the newly constructed Pennsylvania Plaza complex and Madison Square Garden arena completed in 1968.
A side effect of the tunneling project was to open the city up to the suburbs, and within 10 years of opening, two-thirds of the daily passengers coming through Penn Station were commuters.[7] The station put the Pennsylvania Railroad at comparative advantage to its competitors offering direct service from Manhattan to the west and south. In exchange for the air rights to Penn Station, the Pennsylvania Railroad would get a brand-new, air-conditioned, smaller station completely below street level at no cost, and a 25 percent stake in the new Madison Square Garden Complex. As most of the rail infrastructure was below street level, including the waiting room, concourses, and boarding platforms, rail service was maintained throughout demolition with only minor disruptions. By contrast the Baltimore & Ohio, Central of New Jersey, Erie, West Shore Railroad, New York, Susquehanna and Western and the Lackawanna railroads began their routes at terminals in Weehawken, Hoboken, Pavonia and Communipaw which required passengers from New York City to use ferries or the interstate Hudson Tubes to traverse the Hudson River before boarding their trains.



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