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Pollution facts in new york city,lionel ho fast track 2014,new york transportation in worcester ma news - 2016 Feature

When was the last time you witnessed a clear, starry night sky, not disrupted by smog, airplanes and floodlights? The chemical trash that is dumped into the atmosphere on a regular basis, a purple sky with a pink moon is just a dream. The blessings of the sky will be showered upon you only when you realise that it is your duty to watch the powers up there. To get best possible experiance using our website we recommend that you upgrade to a newer version or other web browser. It's estimated that half a million children are killed each year as a result of indoor air pollution. It is a problem that affects more than a third of the world's population but often goes unnoticed. Across the world, nearly 2.5 billion people routinely use wood or dried dung mixed with straw to cook with simple clay stoves and open fires.
The fires burn unevenly and frequently need fanning, producing both smoke and quantities of invisible toxic gases.
The answer is a clean stove that already has been developed in multiple forms but usually follows a simple model.
Tests show these clean cooking stoves reduce smoke by 50 to 80 percent compared to clay stoves and can require only half as much wood for fuel.
Meanwhile, in many countries, the number of people who could benefit from the new technology remains huge. Land pollution is the contamination of the land through the dumping of waste and garbage and the introduction of toxins into the environment. Some of the effects that land pollution leaves behind are obvious ones, such as unsightly piles of garbage, landfills and loss of environments surrounding new construction. One of the biggest threats to the eco-system caused by land pollution is chemical contamination. Land pollution can be caused by contact with contaminated areas, like polluted water ways or acid rain created from air pollution. Many of the long-lasting effects of land pollution, such as the leaching of chemicals into the soil cannot be easily reversed. Wea€™ll schedule a visit to your facility, conduct a free lighting audit, define youa€™re lighting problems and review all of the LED benefits.
The economics of LED lighting makes the technology a compelling one for governments that are struggling to cut expenditures while trying to meet a€?greena€? goals.
For example, a 2013 New York State Department of Energy Conservation report says that if all state municipalities replaced existing incandescent streetlights with LED bulbs a€” which are brighter, more energy-efficient and longer-lasting a€” it would reduce energy consumption by 22.3 million kilowatt-hours annually, while cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 9,200 tons. On top of that, the report suggests that switching from traditional mercury vapor streetlights to LED doesna€™t just significantly reduceA  energy and maintenance costs (a big deal, since street lighting makes up roughly 40% of the statea€™s municipality electrical bills), but also the number of lamp posts needed is more effective as well. SmartPlanet profiled an example of LED savings in action, telling the story of a NYC property owner who is retrofitting 21 properties with LED lighting (replacing fluorescent, incandescent and halogen fixtures) for an energy savings of $750,000. Plus, the fact that LED lighting is solid-state means it can be controlled by software, leading to a whole new avenue of growth: programmable lighting. LED Lighting is a new technology that promises to replace all other types of lighting by 2020.
In short, it saves 40-90% on lighting, has a very long lifespan, and looks better than other types of lighting and is easily controlled. LED's are expensive, but they will pay offA  in about 1-10 years and save tons of money in the long run. One LED lamp will last as long as several traditional lights, saving money on replacements. The answer is simple: because of SSL's rapid ongoing improvements and superior energy-saving potential. That doesn't mean DOE has abandoned lighting controls and other light source technologies, however.
DOE is keeping a close watch on solid-state lighting, in both the lab and the marketplace, to make sure it doesn't run into the same roadblocks that slowedA market acceptance of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) back in the 1990s. There's little doubt that solid-state lighting ultimately will emerge as the technology of choice for an unparalleled variety of applications, because, all things being equal, everyonea€”building owners includeda€”wants to save energy and protect the environment. DOE has made a long-term commitment to advance the development and market introduction of energy-efficient solid-state lighting.

With three annual workshops that collectively bring together approximately 700 attendees, as well as periodic stakeholder roundtables, DOE's solid-state lighting program is open and participatory and coordinates with many lighting and standards groups, such as the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, the International Association of Lighting Designers, the National Electrical Manufacturers Association, the American National Standards Institute, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Setting the poetry aside, light pollution is a bane on the urban life, which impacts not just human life but also wildlife and energy resources. According to the International Dark-Sky Association, light pollution is any adverse effect of artificial light including sky glow, glare, light trespass, light clutter, decreased visibility at night, and energy waste. Light pollution usually occurs in large urban areas and is known to reduce the visibility of stars. Light pollution disrupts ecosystems and disrupts food web, making it especially difficult for nocturnal animals and insects. Light pollution can have highly adverse health effects on humans such as frequent headaches, fatigue, increased stress, decrease of libido and increased anxiety. Several studies have also claimed that there is a direct link between light pollution and breast cancer because of the suppression of the normal nocturnal production of melatonin. Light pollution also contributes to smog, as it destroys nitrate radicals, thereby preventing the normal night time decrease of atmospheric smog. Light pollution also pollutes the air we breath through needless generation of electricity (most of which comes from fossil fuels). Replace conventional high-energy bulbs with efficient outdoor CFLs and LED floodlights to prevent light pollution. This World Environment Day, remember these facts and take a pledge to save as much energy as possible and make this earth a better place! Stay in the know about the best in men's health, relationships, fashion, power, money and more with India's largest men's lifestyle platform.
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Those clustered around the stove inhale the toxins and, over time, many develop lung diseases -- some fatal. It replaces the traditional clay stove with a stainless-steel canister in which wood and dung cakes burn so efficiently they do not release quantities of smoke and toxins.
The key to their efficiency is that they provide constant ventilation to the fire so it burns hot and consumes the fuel completely. Often, the price of producing the stoves locally is subsidized by international aid organizations. But they are still novel because in much of the developing world efforts to promote them and reduce their cost are quite recent. It has set the goal of getting 100 million homes around the world to adopt cleaner stoves and fuels by 2020. The number of deaths per year from the household pollution they cause is estimated by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves at 54,000 people. A portion of the precipitation is stored in the ground, a portion becomes surface runoff, and a portion evaporates once again and forms new clouds. Pollutants in the land not only contaminate the land itself, but also have far-reaching consequences. Acid rain, the spreading of water pollution to surrounding beaches and riverbanks, litter and even new construction sites can all be sources of land pollution. Plastics, toxins in wastes like anti-freeze and other chemicals seep into the ground where they remain.
This means that plants may fail to grow there, robbing the eco-system of a food source for animals. This pollution can spread in the other direction so that polluted land has a negative impact on surrounding environments. If recycling efforts are stepped-up, then the amount of waste being added to landfills can be decreased. Exterior and interior general illumination, safety and security, general production and service lighting uses are just some of the financial energy savings that local businesses and municipalities can benefit from. We will show you the energy and installation savings you will achieve while filling your buildings with the most beautiful, brilliant white light youa€™ve ever seen.
Despite the higher initial investment, switching to LEDs from incandescent lighting can quickly pay off on both fronts, while avoiding the complaints and limitations associated with the compact fluorescent (CFC) bulbs that havena€™t quite lived up to their expected potential. The switch would also save on maintenance costs since bulbs would require less frequent replacement.

Even at the current, high-cost of LED bulbs, the estimated payback on the project is only three years, with the remaining lifespan of the LED bulbs (which should be at least another 10 years) representing pure savings.
This has been on full public display through large scale installations like San Franciscoa€™s Bay Bridge and New Yorka€™s Empire State Building, and has begun to catch on at the home level thanks to app-controlled LED lighting systems like Philipsa€™ (NYSE:PHG) Hue wireless system. Department of Energy has invested with industry partners in research and development of solid-state lighting (SSL)a€”including both light-emitting diode (LED) and organic light emitting diode (OLED) technologies. DOE still invests to a large degree in promoting the most efficient forms of conventional lighting technologies, through such implementation programs as Building America, the Commercial Buildings Integration Program, and the Federal Energy Management Program. Accelerating the pace of commercialization for SSL will hinge on improving cost competitiveness and quality.
DOE watches closely for problems with poor-performing SSL products that are not yet ready to compete with incumbent technologies, including products that fail to meet manufacturers' performance claims. Meanwhile, all things are not equal, which is why DOE repeatedly emphasizes that SSL is right for some applications but not for othersa€”and why education and due diligence should be key elements in any lighting specification and purchasing process. Its comprehensive national program addresses research and development, demonstrations, testing and quality control, market development support, and buyer supporta€”all in service of maximizing the energy-efficiency of SSL products in the marketplace.
It's also highly transparent, publishing numerous reports and roadmaps that are posted online at this website. Light pollution is a relatively unknown form of pollution that refers to excessive or obtrusive artificial light. Since light pollution causes screening of the celestial compass, it disrupts the navigating capabilities of them. If you are having problems listening to programs on the internet, please read our technical help document. Many modern day chemicals and materials either do not biodegrade or break down, or if they do, then break down into smaller chemical particles. Eco-systems may also be upset by pollution when the soil fails to sustain native plants, but can still support other vegetation. Preventing the overuse of soil that makes it acidic and contaminates nearby areas, will keep the problem from spreading. By converting to LED lighting, we can reduce energy use and energy costs, improve light pollution and light quality and improve where light is directed. All with no ballast to fail, no blinking, no bugs, no noxious mercury, no noise, no waiting for lights to restart. The story points to LED lighting as a€?low-hanging fruita€? for commercial property owners looking to slash the 25% to 30% of their energy bill that lighting typically consumes. Today, the purchase price of LED lighting products is generally higher than that of their conventional counterparts, often by a long shot, and the energy savings often aren't enough to offset the difference within an attractive payback period. A significant part of DOE's function is to educate consumers as well as the lighting community about those claims and other pitfalls in the SSL marketplace. Invasive weeds that choke off the remaining sources of native vegetation can spring up in areas that have been weakened by pollution. This loss can spread, meaning that nearby areas that may not be contaminated with pollutants begin to erode, spreading the loss of vegetation and life. Contaminated water that evaporates into the atmosphere can fall back to the earth as acid rain, causing the cycle of contamination and pollution to continue. Wherever possible, contribute to cleanup efforts in your area to help prevent land pollution from becoming worse.
Now is an excellent time for businesses and municipalities to consider converting to LED lighting and reap these benefits.
However, DOE's program is intended to drive aggressive cost reduction, and the current rate of cost decline in LED lighting systems is about 20 percent a year.
After precipitation falls, it seeps into the ground or becomes surface runoff that fills rivers and lakes. Plants growing in the ground, animals that eat the plants and even humans are all affected by these chemicals. This can lead to the loss of some types of plant and animal life as well as create long-term health problems such as cancer in humans.

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