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Haemophilus influenzae bacteria attaching to a surface as seen by a scanning electron microscope. Researchers from the University of Southern California (USC) and the Oak Crest Institute of Science, both in Pasadena, Calif, have discovered the link between antibiotics and bacterial biofilm formation leading to chronic lung, sinus and ear infections.
During the study, non-typeable Haemophilus influenza (NTHi) bacteria, a common pathogen of humans, was exposed to non-lethal doses of ampicillin, a class of antibiotics commonly used to treat respiratory, sinus and ear infections, or other beta-lactam antibiotics. Biofilms are highly structured communities of microorganisms that attach to one another and to surfaces.
Dr Webster believes modern medicine needs to find ways of detecting and treating biofilm infections before the bacteria are able to form these protective structures.  The difficulties of treating biofilm infections, which can be up to 1,000 times more resistant to antibiotics, have prompted some physicians to propose a gradual move away from traditional antibiotic treatments and toward non-antibiotic therapies. Children are more prone to so many diseases in their childhood as their immunity power is low. There are many other reasons to fall sick like when they come in contact with infected bacteria or viruses.
This happens due to improper hand wash or having unhygienic or contaminated food, water and many more. Whooping cough is one of the bacterial infections caused by bacterium Bordetella Pertussis. Infectious period: This infection is more contagious in first week of exposure to bacteria with severe cold. The infected kids’ skin gets peels off and the tongue turns to pink color resulting in strawberry tongue.
Infectious period: It is more infectious during first few days but after having antibiotic treatment for three days will reduce the effect of infection. Treatment: Antibiotic treatments give you complete recovery from infection and keep away from other children.
It is an infection to tonsils [Symptoms of Irritated Tonsils] which is caused by bacteria or virus. Infectious period: It spreads from one person to another through throat or nasal fluids including salvia, hand contact or airborne droplets.
Symptoms: Characterized sore throat with swollen tonsils, fever, headache and pain while swallowing. Gastroenteritis is caused by virus usually triggers diarrhea, vomiting, fever and stomach pain [Causes Of Stomach Pain in Kids]. Infectious period: The time during which a sick person can give the illness to others is slightly different for each virus. Treatment: If your child experiences frequent stools or vomiting, you should seek medical advice.
Over the centuries, humans have developed amusing behaviors with cultural cognition from various social practices.
Within this very personality, body piercing has become one of the fashionable practices in our societies, prevailing since 5th millennium century back. Beside its popular culture, the practice of body piercing is as much controversial as its ancient tradition.
If you are curious enough to be acquainted with the harms of body piercing, here is the list of top 10 side effects of body piercing for you.
Body piercing involves the use of metal piercing tools, which leads to allergic response to metals. Body piercing is trendy, but you would bombshell to know that it is infectious to life-threatening diseases. Nasal piercing commonly gives a person with a scar tissue, especially, formation of keloid scar.
A lot of guys who get their penis pierced suffer from infections and even a loss of sensitivity. Biofilms are a relatively novel way of looking at bacteria, said Martin Desrosiers, MD, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery at McGill University in Montreal, who, along with his colleagues, has examined the role of biofilms in chronic sinusitis.

Although much of the published data showing the presence of biofilms in chronic sinusitis and chronic otitis media have been in animal studies, a recently published study in humans now adds weight to the evidence of the presence of biofilms in these chronic conditions. Conducted by researchers at the Allegheny-Singer Research Institute in Pittsburgh, the study examined the presence of biofilms in children with chronic otitis media.
Mucosal biofilms were detected in 92% of the biopsied specimens of the 26 children undergoing tympanostomy tube placement, whereas no biofilms were found in the 8 control patients. The key finding [of the study] is that chronic otitis media is associated with a bacterial biofilm, said J. The study highlighted the importance of accurate detection of bacterial biofilms by using a combination of microbiological culture, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnostics, direct microscopic examination, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and immunostaining. The study results, published in the July 9 edition of PLOS ONE, illustrate how bacterial biofilms can actually thrive, rather than decrease, when given low doses of antibiotics. The dose of the antibiotic was not enough to kill the bacteria, which allowed the bacteria to react to the antibiotic by producing glycogen to produce stronger biofilms when grown in the laboratory.
Therefore, bacteria forced into forming stronger biofilms will become more difficult to treat and will cause more severe chronic infections.
The symptoms showed by infected child are fever, continuous coughing, wheezy breathing and nasal discharge. You will notice rash which is pink-red colored on groin or armpits spreading to neck and torso that is rough to touch. When a child frequently experiences the symptoms of swollen tonsils, it is preferred to get operation. Replace the fluids which are lost due to frequent stools with oral re hydration liquids as the kids are more prone to dehydration. All material provided on this website is provided for informational or educational purposes only. Obviously, the oldest tradition of body piercing was discovered in the Egyptian mummies and other various practices of ear piercing, nose piercing and genitals piercing are found to have developed from Indian, African and Roman cultures. In some societies, body piercing has socio-cultural values to be relevant; but, it is generally abused in hippy culture as a precarious practice.
Jewelry or ring piercing on several body parts including ear, nose, tongue and belly button is vulnerable to allergy caused by Nickel, Titanium, Niobium and other piercing metals. As body piercing is an organic contrivance, it is terminal at risk to bacterial or viral infections. Keloid scar is a nonthreatening type of tumor, which unwantedly grows in the area of damage.
So if you are considering a piercing down there, make sure you use a penis health creme that contains both Vitamin A and acetyl L carnitine.
Together we explore most fascinating, funny, bizarre, interesting and amazing facts about several fields of science and technology, geography, movies, entertainment, music, arts, literature and history. Whether these biofilms actually cause chronic ear and sinus infections remains unproven, but it is increasingly shown from a number of animal studies and a recently published human study that biofilms are present in these chronic otolaryngologic conditions. A number of people [studying] chronic sinusitis have found that there are biofilms that are present, he said.
Investigators used confocal laser scanning microscope images to evaluate the presence of biofilms in the middle-ear muscosa of biopsy specimens taken from 26 children undergoing tympanostomy tube placement for treatment of otitis media with effusion and recurrent otitis media. Christopher Post, MD, PhD, Professor of Otolaryngology at Drexel University College of Medicine in Pittsburgh, one of the coauthors of the study.
This layer is highly protective for the organisms within it, and when new bacteria are produced they stay within the slimy layer.
Adults will suffer protracted lung infections as the bacteria hunker down into their protective slime, and children will have repeated ear infections.
Children get infection when they come in contact with infected person and having contaminated food or by swimming in the water which consists of germs. All these customs are habitually related to socio-cultural values or also referred to some scientific perception.

The practice is, of course, stylish; but, several specialists suggest that body piercing has various long-term and serious side effects. Studies report that contact eczema, rhinitis, pruritus and urticarial allergy is induced by Nickel. Tissue scraping carries a considerable risk of injury often leaving patients with psychological conditions. Acetyl L is an amino acid that helps enhance penis sensitivity, and Vitamin A is antibacterial and will keep the area extra clean. They compared these images to specimens biopsied in 8 patients undergoing cochlear implantation, who served as the control group.
The conventional wisdom is that while acute otitis media is a bacterial process, chronic otitis media is a sterile, inflammatory process.
Post, relying upon culture techniques to claim that bacteria are not present is clinging to old-fashioned technology.
With the introduction of antibiotic-produced glycogen, the biofilms have an almost endless food source that can be used once antibiotic exposure has ended. What may appear to be antibiotic resistance when an infection does not clear up may actually be biofilms at work. These behaviors, as a derivative of societal convention, cultural or religious beliefs, or as a structure of daily life, become an integral part of our uniqueness. As the hype of body piercing is growing, several physical and sanitary problems of body piercing have been reported. Also, other forms of metal piercing have high tendency of severe allergy to p-Phenylenediamine (PPD).
Mostly, tongue and naval piercing can grow micro bacterial infections prominent to deadly diseases including Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.
Tissue scar is also common in ear and lip piercing which generates medical complications of cyst formation, large scars or tears and inflammation. Using a creme is a simple yet smart move that can save you from plenty of unpleasant complications.
Investigators came to this erroneous conclusion because cultures of chronic middle-ear effusions are generally sterile. It is reported that the patients of diabetes and skin disease are more likely catch hazardous bacterial infection. These sorts of complications are not only reported to traditional piercing, but also persist with nontraditional piercing as well. Along with infectious allergies, body piercing also has non-infectious complications of allergic contact dermatitis. It is seen that the infections are generally followed by clinical fever, abdominal pain and formation of abscess.
Tissue scraping is usually symptomized with increasing redness, swelling and discharge of blister.
There are new developed stainless steel metal piercing tools, but they also aren’t completely free from Nickel, which is most aberrant to allergic reactions.
Once the patient catches an infection of cellulitis, the infection has to be cured surgically with antibiotic therapy. People often mistake with scars, crashes and keloids around their piercing as pimples and try to pop that out, but it harmfully leads to bacterial infections.

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14.08.2014, author: admin

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