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If you experience any of the symptoms we mentioned here, visit your doctor to get yourtreatment. Bacterial meningitis is an infection where problem bacteria enter the bloodstream and infect the spinal cord.
The connection between a lumbar puncture and meningitis requires testing the cerebral spinal fluid for signs of infection.
If cerebral spinal fluid shows a bacterial infection, it could become life-threatening or cause brain damage. Symptoms indicating that a lumbar puncture and meningitis test might be needed include a stiff neck that might cause a severe headache. Examination of the spinal fluid might include testing protein, glucose, and blood cell counts.
A lumbar puncture exam involves curling the body into a fetal position to expose the lower part of the back.
Send Home Our method Usage examples Index Contact StatisticsWe do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis before the 1990s, but new vaccines given to children as part of their routine immunizations have reduced the occurrence of invasive disease due to H. Bacterial meningitis is a serious infection of the fluid in the spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. Severity of meningitis symptoms will depend on various factors. Bacterial meningitis symptoms are different from viral meningitis symptoms. In fact, even an older child can tell you that something is bothering him; infants cannot tell you anything – they simply cry and you cannot know what the problem is, until you take the baby to the doctor. If the fluid appears cloudy or shows low glucose levels, it might lead to a diagnosis of meningitis.
Viral meningitis is considered a mild form of the disorder that usually requires no treatment and goes away within two weeks. Lumbar puncture and meningitis results might spark the need for immediate hospitalization, intravenous fluids, and antibiotics.

Low glucose levels might also indicate tuberculosis or low blood sugar, a condition called hypoglycemia. People with this disease typically show high white blood cell levels in the cerebral spinal fluid. Some patients prefer to sit up while placing their foreheads on top of their knees for the test. Patients are typically told to remain flat on their backs for a few hours after lumbar puncture to lessen the chance of headache. The basic difference between viral and bacterial meningitis is that viral meningitis is not dangerous (except in extremely rare cases), whereas bacterial meningitis can be lethal. Indications of meningitis can pinpoint the precise type of infection and aid doctors in prescribing effective medication. A lumbar puncture and meningitis diagnosis deemed viral occurs more commonly in children under the age of five. An increased sensitivity to light and mental confusion represent other signs that might require a spinal tap.
The human body continuously produces cerebral spinal fluid, so the small amount extracted is replaced naturally within a short time.
Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are now the leading causes of bacterial meningitis. High fever, headache, and stiff neck are common symptoms of meningitis in anyone over the age of 2 years.
Pay attention to your baby’s behavior; if you recognize any of the symptoms mentioned above, take the baby to the doctor right away. Weakened bacteria are contained in these vaccines, and after injection, the immune system will react to the bacteria, causing the body to become immune. If red blood cells are present in the fluid, it might indicate that blood is leaking into the spinal canal or brain.
Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, discomfort looking into bright lights, confusion, and sleepiness. Bacterial meningitis may cause severe complications and may result in coma, kidney failure, and permanent damage to the spinal cord (and brain, too).

In newborns and small infants, the classic symptoms of fever, headache, and neck stiffness may be absent or difficult to detect, and the infant may only appear slow or inactive, or be irritable, have vomiting, or be feeding poorly.
As the disease progresses, patients of any age may have seizures. The diagnosis is confirmed by examining a sample of spinal fluid obtained by a lumbar puncture (spinal tap). Initiative; Pre-teen Vaccine CampaignBacterial Meningitis - Cleveland ClinicWhat is meningitis? Eat healthy food and maintain regular sleep patterns to keep your immune system healthy and strong.If diagnosed early enough, both types of meningitis can be managed.
Meningitis is an infection of the membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Severe symptoms are rare in this type of meningitis and recovery period is not too long – it usually lasts for one or two weeks.
Appropriate antibiotic treatment of most common types of bacterial meningitis should reduce the risk of dying from meningitis to below 15%, although the risk is higher among the elderly. Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. This is true with meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis (also called meningococcal meningitis) or Hib. People in the same household or day-care center, or anyone with direct contact with a patient's oral secretions (such as a boyfriend or girlfriend) are at increased risk of acquiring the infection and should receive antibiotics to prevent them from getting the disease.
Antibiotics for contacts of a person with Hib meningitis disease are no longer recommended if all contacts 4 years of age or younger are fully vaccinated against Hib disease. There are vaccines against Hib and against some strains of N.
The pneumococcal vaccine is not effective in children under 2 years of age but is recommended for all persons over 65 years of age and younger persons with certain chronic medical problems.

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17.09.2015, author: admin

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