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How to get rid of dry throat when sick,home remedies for all skin problems,how do get rid of a swollen eye - Try Out

Dry cough can be very devastating, it can be painful, leaves you weak to do your daily activities and it leaves your throat sore and your voice horse. Use of perfumes and other air fresheners may seem cool but to some people it is irritating and may cause dry cough. Taking a vitamin C tablet together with a cod liver oil capsule helps your body to fight the bacteria or the virus that is causing the dry cough.
Sometimes a dry cough may tend to be chronic and using hot teas, soups, hot showers and cough drops may fail to treat it. In summary, the above tips on how to get rid of a dry cough will help you in dealing with not only dry cough caused by flu and cold but also the one that is caused by asthma, allergies and also smoking.
Cold as well as flu period can depart your upper body aching hacking coughing that introduces. A dried out throat comes from a typical cold or even allergies, particularly when you normally How To Get Rid Of A Dry And Bad Cough Fast. Apply the warm compress about the neck as well as upper the main chest: Occasionally a dried out cough, neck and top chest leads to a tough feeling.
Have you ever been disappointed by an oral care product's claim that it will eliminate your bad breath only to find that it only masks your bad breath temporarily? This article is going to focus on treating the main cause of bad breath: Poor oral hygiene. Read our for article on What Causes Bad Breath for more information on the causes and symptoms of bad breath. If you are serious about getting your bad breath under control and if you haven't been to the dentist in the past year, you need to visit the dentist and get a check-up and a cleaning. Since we know what causes bad breath: Friendly Environment + Food + Time, we can figure out how to eliminate bad breath. Contrary to what the oral care market would have you believe, which toothpaste or mouthwash you use is not that important.
In order to remove the proteins (food particles, dead cells, mucus) the bacteria eat, you need to do more than just brush your teeth.
Flossing - Flossing is one of the most neglected yet crucial procedure in getting rid of bad breath.
Water Pik - The Waterpik is an excellent tool that uses a pressurized water jet to clean out particles between your teeth and from the gingival sulcus (the space between the gums and teeth). Nasal Irrigating (Optional) - Nasal irrigation is the process of flushing out the nasal cavity with a saline solution. Brush Tongue - The tongue (especially the part of the tongue at the back of your mouth) is a major region where anaerobic bacteria reside and cause bad breath. Brush Teeth - Brushing your teeth is very important and most people who suffer from bad breath do it yet they do not do it properly.
Scrape Tongue - After you brush your teeth is the time to scrape of the particles and bacteria off your tongue. Use Mouthwash - Using mouthwash is effective at lowering the acidity of your mouth, killing bacteria, and temporarily neutralizing the odorous compounds that are in your mouth. Take Oral Probiotics (Optional) - Research has been done that suggest certain strains of bacteria are beneficial in reducing plaque formation and hindering the colonization of bad breath causing anaerobic bacteria. A mouth that is low in oxygen, is slightly acidic, and that is dry is a prime place for anaerobic bacteria to colonize. Other than increasing saliva flow, another way to increase oxygen that kills bacteria is to gargle mouthwashes that contain oxygenating chemicals such as hydrogen peroxide.
In order to lower the acidity in your mouth, you can avoid acidic and spicy foods, or use products that lower acidity. Probiotics can also create competition in your mouth for the bacteria, where friendly bacteria are competing for the same space as the anaerobic bacteria. Although creating an unfriendly environment for the anaerobic bacteria is effective, getting rid of the food source for anaerobic bacteria through proper oral care as outlined above is much more important. There is no magic mouthwash, toothpaste, or gum that will get rid of your bad breath and prevent it from coming back.
Preventing bad breath from returning is continuing the same process you used to get rid of your halitosis in the first place: regular dental check-ups from professionals, consistent proper oral hygiene, and avoiding foods and drinks that cause bad breath. I do support groups weekly a discussion came up about the matter from abuse thinking one lady is having health problems her liver also one having problems with there kidney , I also have a client with IBS , also Tonsillitis this became a instance discussion and was asking for a cure .I told the group that I will research the some of the information for them and get some answers . Throat mucus can be described as uncomfortable feeling that produced due to clogging of throat by the mucus.
Mucus is the thick and sticky fluid that infrequently clogs up nasal passages and also throat. The most common causes for mucus in throat are allergies such as those caused by pollens, smoke, pollution and even by food, such as those resulting from lactose intolerance. Smoking is one of the primary causes of excessive mucus production in the nose as well as phlegm in the throat and so you might be aware of the various effects of smoking. Sinus infections, which cause inflammation in the paranasal sinuses, tend to secrete excessive amounts of mucus as a defense mechanism. Viral infections such as measles, whooping cough, chicken pox and mononucleosis are other less common causes of throat mucus. Excessive throat mucus triggers frequent throat clearing which causes irritation and mild bleeding at times. Decongestants, nasal sprays, nasal drops and expectorant cough medicines are medical treatments for excessive mucus. Mucus removal is easily taken place by massaging essential oils on the chest and the throat.
Drinking hot herbal teas such as lemon tea or chamomile tea, with a dash of honey is the best way to get rid of excess mucus naturally. In some cases, there are also commercial saline solutions such as saltwater that can be useful in clearing the nasal and sinus passages.
As a simplest thing, you can dispose it off by blowing it out of your nose or coughing it out. Drinking tea for example peppermint tea, lemon tea, or even chicken soup has been proven to solve problems surrounding excessive mucus. The type of diet that people consume determines whether food allergies are related with mucus production or not. To loosen mucus and phlegm and relieve congestion, add a few drops of eucalyptus oil to a vaporizer. Avoid consumption of foods such as dairy products, meat or fried foods that increase mucus production.
Martin, MD, MPH, ABIM Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Atlanta, GA.
It is annoying especially to people around you for example at night when people are trying to sleep. Therefore more secretions drop down the back of the throat causing some irritations which later lead to coughing.
Steamy showers help in loosening the secretions in the nose which at times may cause blockage and coughing. Continue hydrated: An upper respiratory system infection like a cold or even flu leads to postnasal get.
Make use of a humidifier Consider Steamy Showers: Nasal secretion inside a warm bath might help loosen the cough. Remove Trouble within the Air: Perfumes as well as scented restroom sprays might seem benign, but for a lot of, they may cause chronic nose irritation. A dried out cough could be a symptom of the underlying medical problem, the treatment for the problem until it may come back again. Throat as well as chest muscle tissue tighten so when restricted to some constant dried out cough continues.
In order to increase saliva flow it is important to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.
Take a look at article to find out reasons behind excessive accumulation of mucus in the throat and also to know some effective home remedies to get rid of the same. This mucus consists of cells that line the sinus passages and is a sign that the immune system is functioning well.
Yellow or green thick mucus is a symptom that the body is fighting but the darker the color and the thicker texture of mucus indicates more serious infection.
Prolonged smoking causes inflammation of the mucus lining and so it triggers increased production of mucus in the nose and throat. Especially during the onset of the common cold, seasonal flu and fever, Milk and dairy products aggravate mucus in throat. Briefly, any type of infection, either by bacteria, fungi or virus, trigger excess mucus production in the nose and throat. Effective mucus removal is absent as these parts are malfunctioned and mucus get stuck in the nose and throat.
Some people also notice a tinge of blood in throat mucus and it is also related with other symptoms like throat pain, sore throat and inflammation. If the mucus build up is due to some allergy or infection, treat it first with antihistamines. Combine Mix a teaspoon each of lavender oil, peppermint oil and thyme in two tablespoons of olive oil, and massage the mixture all over your throat and chest. This treatment is just very simple as it only involves deep breathing and an instant cough. Even after you cough out the mucus, you can do four to five times of deep breathing regularly.
Anyone who seeks for herbal treatment should first speak to their doctor and seek the consult of a licensed naturopath having knowledge about possible side effects and contraindications. Food allergies can also be caused by diets low in nutrients and high in processed foods containing simple sugars, chemicals, unhealthy fats and carbohydrates. HSV-1 can also cause genital herpes. Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is the most common cause of genital herpes, but it can also cause oral herpes. At times drinking of warm fluids help in loosening the mucus that is usually trapped in the airways which is causing you to have that dry cough. On top of that taking a warm bath helps in dealing with dry coughs not only from flu and colds but also from asthma and allergies. Therefore it is important to avoid using such scented products as they are the reason to your dry cough. On top of that it is important to include fruits and vegetables into your diet for example carrots, lemons and oranges. Allergic reactions, asthma, acid reflux disease, dry atmosphere, and smoking are typical causes associated with cough. This tactic not only assistance to reduce coughing and chilly, but additionally, it may have allergic reactions and asthma. Your coughing help provide moisture back to the atmosphere, but take care not to overdo this. Throat mucus can be described as uncomfortable feeling due to clogging of throat by the mucus. People who are hypersensitive to smoke, fumes and noxious gases should avoid exposure to these triggering factors. In order to be expelled out of the body, the excess and thick mucus is then accumulated in the throat. This will loosen up the accumulated mucus in throat and helps either cough it up or blow it out through the nose. As garlic is an all natural antibiotic, consume five six cloves of garlic daily which helps in fighting infections. Also, it helps in warming up the throat area, so loosening the mucus, which can be coughed out thereafter. For example, pregnant women should avoid licorice and sage, because they could potentially stimulate miscarriage, according to the website BabyCenter. Healthy diet removes many food allergies and also removes mucus production due to nutrient deficiencies in the diet.


Trends in HSV Types and Genital HerpesGenital herpes can be caused by either HSV-2 or HSV-1.
Even for example certain medicines for higher blood stress and allergic reaction medications may cause chronic coughing. Are expecting or medical a comfortable compress cannot use eucalyptus essential oil, which is really a natural choice for ladies.
Mucus can also be a symptom of serious cases of flu or cold that causes some discomforts like sneezing, coughing, rattling in the chest, and wheezing. Having a deviated septum, a condition in which the cartilage separating the nose in two sides’ moves is one structural problem resulting in a change in the way mucus flows. So, consumption of it will help you to get rid of excessive mucus which is caused due to a bacterial infection. Fresh air and exercise help to detoxify the body which will help to decrease mucus production.
On top of that it is important that you clean the humidifier to ensure that no dirt or dust sticks in it. Most of times people consider over-the-counter medication and coughing lozenges getting rid of potential allergens as well as just through standing inside a steam bath in your own home can handle your coughing. For those who have a dried out cough, the body requires much more water, and h2o lubricates the actual throat as well as soothes. Do not give up immediately after trying the full oral care regimen above because you notice that your bad breath returns a couple hours later. Mucus in the nasal passages is easier to flush out but the mucus in the throat tends to get stuck and causes much irritation.
A constant need on the part of the affected person to clear his throat, as well as a feeling that something is trapped inside the throat or that there is a lump in the throat are symptoms of excessive mucus in throat.
Echinacea, calendula and goldenseal are the herbs which have antibiotic properties can treat the infection that leads to mucus production. In recent years, HSV-1 has become a significant cause in developed countries, including the United States. As this can be pumped back into the air and could cause bacteria and fungus which will instead of helping in eliminating it instead increases it. Suppressants help in situations where the cough is chronic and at times you feel too much pain in the chest.
For instant relief associated with symptoms associated with How To Get Rid Of A Bad Cough during the day until your own normal every day intake associated with water, and drink two portions of water in order to drink much more. These herbs are also effective at carrying balance to intestinal flora vital to body health and boosting the immune system. Alternative medication practitioners for treating upper respiratory system symptoms suggest using eucalyptus essential oil, measures that could cause a few unintended unwanted effects. The risk of infection is highest during outbreak periods when there are visible sores and lesions. Aetna inteliHealth, based on a Harvard Healthcare School Posting, eucalyptus oil is a result of a alter in tone of voice or hoarseness as well as in uncommon cases could cause vocal wire dysfunction.
Boost the action associated with steam inside a steam humidifier to include measures.By utilizing eat chocolate or coughing drops lubricate the actual throat: How To Get Rid Of A Dry Cough? SymptomsWhen genital herpes symptoms do appear, they are usually worse during the first outbreak than during recurring attacks. Chocolate, cough falls, lounge, as well as chewing chewing gum, help reduce a dried out cough.
Consuming foods which increase saliva manufacturing, but manufacturing decreases following swallowing meals. Sucking on the cough decrease or gnaw on like the mouth, sucking about the foods that you simply live within, saliva manufacturing remains steady. Herpes, Pregnancy, and Newborn InfantsHerpes can pose serious risks for a pregnant woman and her baby. The risk is greatest for mothers with a first-time infection, because the virus can be transmitted to the infant during childbirth. Guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend using specific diagnostic tests for women in labor to determine the risk of transmission.
Babies born to mothers infected with genital herpes are often treated with the antiviral drug acyclovir, which can help suppress the virus. Herpes viruses include human herpes virus 8 (the cause of Kaposi sarcoma) and varicella-zoster virus (also known as herpes zoster, the virus responsible for shingles and chickenpox).
The word "herpes" comes from the Greek word "herpein," meaning "to creep." This refers to the unique characteristic pattern of all herpes viruses to creep along local nerve pathways to the nerve clusters at the end, where they remain in an inactive (dormant) state for variable periods of time.
The usual cause of oral herpes (herpes labialis), which are commonly called cold sores or fever blisters. HSV-1 can also cause genital herpes, which is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2). Until recently, the general rule was to assume that HSV-1 caused oral herpes and HSV-2 caused genital herpes. It is now clear, however, that either type of herpes virus can be found in the genital or oral areas (or other sites). In fact, HSV-1 is now responsible for more than half of all new cases of genital herpes in developed countries. The Disease ProcessHerpes is transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact. To infect people, the herpes simplex viruses (both HSV-1 and HSV-2) must get into the body through tiny injuries in the skin or through a mucous membrane, such as inside the mouth or on the genital or anal areas. The risk for infection is highest with direct contact of blisters or sores during an outbreak.
But the infection can also develop from contact with an infected partner who does not have visible sores or other symptoms. Once the virus has contact with the mucous membranes or skin wounds, it enters the nuclei of skin tissue cells and begins to replicate. The virus is then transported from the nerve endings of the skin to clusters of nerve cells (ganglia) where it remains inactive (latent) for some period of time. However, at some point, the virus wakes up and travels along nerve pathways to the surface the skin where it begins to multiply again.
During this time, the virus can infect other people if it is passed along in body fluids or secretions.
Viral shedding may be accompanied by noticeable symptoms (outbreak) but it can also occur without causing symptoms (asymptomatic shedding). In either case, a person is infectious during periods of viral shedding. Symptoms may appear as multiple small red bumps or patches that develop blisters. Certain triggers can wake up the virus from its dormant state and cause it to become active again. In general, recurrent episodes of herpes cause less severe symptoms than the primary outbreak. HSV-1 is the most prevalent form of herpes simplex virus, and infection is most likely to occur during preschool years. In addition, because HSV-1 can be passed in saliva, people should also avoid sharing toothbrushes or eating utensils. Transmission of Genital Herpes Genital herpes is transmitted through sexual activity.
People can get HSV-2 through genital contact or HSV-1 through mouth-to-genital contact with an infected partner. People with active symptoms of genital herpes are at very high risk for transmitting the infection. Unfortunately, most cases of genital herpes infections occur when the virus is shedding but producing no symptoms. Most people either have no symptoms or do not recognize them when they appear. In the past, genital herpes was mostly caused by HSV-2, but HSV-1 genital infection is increasing.
There is also evidence that children today are less likely to get cold sores and become exposed to HSV-1 during childhood. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 1 in 6 Americans ages 14 to 49 years have genital herpes.
While HSV-2 remains the main cause of genital herpes, HSV-1 has significantly increased as a cause, most likely because of oral-genital sex. African-American women are at particularly high risk. People with compromised immune systems, such as those who have HIV, are at very high risk for genital herpes.
Drugs that suppress the immune system, and organ transplantation, can also weaken the immune system and increase the risk for contracting genital herpes.
It is almost impossible to defend against the transmission of oral herpes, because it can be transmitted by very casual contact, including kissing.
Still, you can help reduce the risk of transmitting oral herpes by not sharing objects that touch the mouth, such as eating and drinking utensils, toothbrushes, and towels. It is best to refrain from any type of sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) during periods of active outbreak.
However, herpes can also be transmitted when symptoms are not present (asymptomatic shedding). Although condoms may not provide 100% protection, they are proven to significantly reduce the risk of sexual disease transmission, including herpes. Natural condoms made from animal skin do NOT protect against HSV infection because herpes viruses can pass through them. Use a water-based lubricant.
Lubricants can help prevent friction during sex, which can irritate the skin and increase the risk for outbreaks. Only water-based lubricants (K-Y Jelly, Astroglide, AquaLube, and glycerin) should be used. However, it is best not to use condoms pre-lubricated with spermicides. Do not use spermicides for protection against herpes.
Nonoxynol-9 can cause irritation around the genital areas, which makes it easier for herpes and other STDs to be transmitted. Use a dental dam or condom for oral sex.
If you have any symptoms of oral herpes, it is best not to perform oral sex on a partner until any visible sores or blisters have healed. Limit the number of sexual partners.
The more sexual partners you have, the greater your chances of becoming infected or infecting others.
It is very unlikely to transmit or contract genital herpes from a toilet seat or bath towel. Studies suggest that male circumcision may help reduce the risk of HSV-2, as well as human papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV infections. However, herpes can cause significant and widespread complications in people who don't have a fully functioning immune system. The CDC recommends that all people diagnosed with herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) get tested for HIV. Most people with HIV are co-infected with HSV-2 and are particularly vulnerable to its complications. HSV-2 infection increases HIV levels in the genital tract, which makes it easier for the HIV virus to be spread to sexual partners. Herpes and PregnancyPregnant women who have genital herpes due to either HSV-2 or HSV-1 have an increased risk for miscarriage, premature labor, inhibited fetal growth, or transmission of the herpes infection to the infant in the uterus or at the time of delivery. Herpes in newborn babies (herpes neonatalis) can be a very serious condition. Fortunately, neonatal herpes is rare. Although about 25 to 30% of pregnant women have genital herpes, less than 0.1% of babies are born with neonatal herpes. The baby is at greatest risk during a vaginal delivery, especially if the mother has an asymptomatic infection that was first introduced late in the pregnancy. The risk for transmission also increases if infants with infected mothers are born prematurely, there is invasive monitoring, or instruments are used during vaginal delivery. Transmission can occur if the amniotic membrane of an infected woman ruptures prematurely, or as the infant passes through an infected birth canal.
This risk is increased if the woman is having or has recently had an active herpes outbreak in the genital area. Very rarely, the virus is transmitted across the placenta, a form of the infection known as congenital herpes. Also rarely, newborns may contract herpes during the first weeks of life from being kissed by someone with a herpes cold sore. Infants may get congenital herpes from a mother with an active herpes infection at the time of birth.
Aggressive treatment with antiviral medication is required. Most infected pregnant women do not have a history of symptoms, so herpes infection is often not suspected or detected at the time of delivery. Fortunately, if a woman does have genital lesions, rapid diagnostic blood tests can quickly determine her chances of transmitting the virus to her baby during delivery.
Some women with new or recurrent herpes may also be prescribed antiviral medication during pregnancy.
A woman with herpes can usually safely breastfeed her baby, as long as she does not have a lesion on her breast or nipple. Neonatal herpes can spread to the brain and central nervous system, causing encephalitis and meningitis.


Herpes can also spread to internal organs, such as the liver and lungs. Infants infected with herpes are treated with acyclovir, an antiviral drug. They usually receive several weeks of intravenous acyclovir treatment, often followed by several months of oral acyclovir. It is important to treat babies quickly, before the infection spreads to the brain and other organs.
Fortunately, rapid diagnostic tests and treatment with acyclovir have significantly improved survival rates and reduced complication rates. Nearly all who recover have some impairment, ranging from very mild neurological changes to paralysis. Like encephalitis, meningitis symptoms include headache, fever, stiff neck, vomiting, and sensitivity to light.
Fortunately, herpes meningitis usually resolves after about a week without complications, although symptoms can recur. Herpes Eye ComplicationsOcular herpes is a recurrent infection that affects the eyes. Ocular herpes is usually a simple infection that clears up in a few days, but in its more serious forms, and in severe cases, it can cause blindness. It only affects the upper layer (epithelium) of the cornea and heals with scarring. Stromal Keratitis. Iridocyclitis is another serious complication of ocular herpes, in which the iris and the area around it become inflamed. Herpes Skin ComplicationsEczema Herpeticum A rare form of herpes infection called eczema herpeticum, also known as Kaposi varicelliform eruption, can affect people with skin disorders and those with a weakened immune system. Untreated, this condition can be extremely serious and possibly fatal. Gingivostomatiti Oral herpes can cause multiple painful ulcers on the gums and mucus membranes of the mouth, a condition called gingivostomatitis. Children with gingivostomatitis commonly develop herpetic whitlow (herpes of the fingers). Herpetic Whitlow A herpetic whitlow is an infection of the herpes virus involving the finger, often around the fingernail. In children, this is often caused by thumb sucking or finger sucking while they have a cold sore.
It can also occur in adult health care workers, such as dentists, because of increased exposure to the herpes virus.
The use of latex or polyurethane gloves prevents herpes whitlow in health care workers. SymptomsHerpes symptoms vary depending on whether the outbreak is initial or recurrent. The primary outbreak is usually worse than recurrent outbreaks, with more severe and prolonged symptoms. In fact, studies indicate that 10 to 25% of people infected with HSV-2 are unaware that they have genital herpes. The first signs are a tingling sensation in the affected areas (genitalia, buttocks, and thighs) and groups of small red bumps that develop into blisters. The sores may sometimes itch, but itching decreases as they heal. About 40% of men and 70% of women develop other symptoms during initial outbreaks of genital herpes, such as flu-like discomfort, headache, muscle aches, and fever. Some women may have difficulty urinating and may, occasionally, require a urinary catheter. Women may also experience vaginal discharge. Recurrent Genital Herpes Outbreak In general, recurrences are much milder than the initial outbreak.
The virus sheds for a much shorter period of time (about 3 days) compared to an initial outbreak of 3 weeks. Women may have only minor itching, and the symptoms may be even milder in men. On average, people have about four recurrences during the first year, although this varies widely. There are some differences in frequency of recurrence depending on whether HSV-2 or HSV-1 caused genital herpes.
HSV-2 genital infection is more likely to cause recurrences than HSV-1. Symptoms of Oral HerpesOral herpes (herpes labialis) is most often caused by HSV-1, but it can also be caused by HSV-2. It usually affects the lips and, in some primary attacks, the mucus membranes in the mouth. A herpes infection may occur on the cheeks or in the nose, but facial herpes is very uncommon. Primary Oral Herpes Infection If the primary (initial) oral infection causes symptoms, they can be very painful, particularly in children. The sores last 10 to 14 days and can be very uncomfortable. Blisters that may be preceded or accompanied by sore throat, fever, swollen glands, and painful swallowing. Recurrent Oral Herpes Infection A recurrent oral herpes infection is much milder than the primary outbreak. It usually manifests as a single sore, commonly called a cold sore or fever blister (because it may arise during a bout of cold or flu). The sore usually shows up on the outer edge of the lips and rarely affects the gums or throat. Recurrences of genital herpes are more likely with HSV-2 infection than with HSV-1 infection. The outbreak of infection is often preceded by a prodrome, an early group of symptoms that may include itchy skin, pain, or an abnormal tingling sensation at the site of infection.
Recurrent outbreaks feature most of the same symptoms at the same sites as the primary attack, but they tend to be milder and briefer. Occasionally, the symptoms may not resemble those of the primary episode, but appear as fissures and scrapes in the skin or as general inflammation around the affected area. They include sunlight, wind, fever, physical injury, surgery, menstruation, suppression of the immune system, and emotional stress.
Oral herpes can be triggered within about 3 days of intense dental work, particularly root canal or tooth extraction. Timing of Recurrences Recurrent outbreaks may occur at intervals of days, weeks, or years. For most people, outbreaks recur with more frequency during the first year after an initial attack. The good news is that in most healthy people, recurring infections tend to become progressively less frequent, and less severe, over time. However, other conditions can resemble herpes, and doctors cannot base a herpes diagnosis on visual inspection alone.
These tests include: Virologic tests (viral culture of the lesion) Serologic tests (blood tests that detect antibodies) The CDC recommends that both virologic and serologic tests be used for diagnosing genital herpes. People diagnosed with genital herpes should also be tested for other sexually transmitted diseases.
At this time, experts do not recommend screening for HSV-1 or HSV-2 in the general population. Genital herpes can be caused by either HSV-1 or HSV-2. It is important to determine which virus is involved, as the type of herpes infection influences prognosis and treatment recommendations. Recurrences of genital herpes, and viral shedding without overt symptoms, are much less frequent with HSV-1 infection than with HSV-2. False-negative (testing negative when herpes infection is actually present) or false-positive (testing positive when herpes infection is not actually present) results can occur. Your health care provider may recommend that you have a test repeated. Virologic TestsViral culture tests are made by taking a fluid sample, or culture, from the lesions as early as possible, ideally within the first 48 hours of the outbreak. PCR tests are much faster and more accurate than viral cultures, and the CDC recommends PCR for detecting herpes in spinal fluid when diagnosing herpes encephalitis. PCR can make many copies of the virus' DNA, so that even small amounts of DNA in the sample can be detected. However, many labs now use PCR for herpes testing because it is highly accurate. An older type of virologic testing, the Tzanck smear test, uses scrapings from herpes lesions. The scrapings are stained and examined under a microscope for the presence of giant cells with many nuclei or distinctive particles that carry the virus (called inclusion bodies). The Tzanck test is not reliable for providing a conclusive diagnosis of herpes infection and is not recommended by the CDC. Serologic TestsSerologic (blood) tests can identify antibodies that are specific for either HSV-1 or HSV-2.
When the herpes virus infects you, your body's immune system produces specific antibodies to fight off the infection.
If a blood test detects antibodies to herpes, it is evidence that you have been infected with the virus, even if the virus is in a non-active (dormant) state.
The presence of antibodies to herpes also indicates that you are a carrier of the virus and might transmit it to others. Serologic tests can be especially useful for people who do not have active symptoms, but who have other risk factors for herpes (such as other STDs, multiple sex partners, or a monogamous partner who has genital herpes).
Although glycoprotein (gG) type-specific tests have been available for many years, many of the older nontype-specific tests that cannot distinguish HSV-1 from HSV-2 are still on the market. Canker sores frequently crop up singly or in groups on the inside of the mouth, or on or underneath the tongue. The drugs are used initially to treat a first attack of herpes, and then afterward to either treat recurrent outbreaks (episodic therapy) or reduce frequency of recurrences (suppressive therapy). Drugs can, however, reduce the severity of symptoms, improve healing times, and prevent recurrences. If people experience very severe disease or complications, they need to be hospitalized and receive an antiviral drug intravenously. Your health care provider will prescribe one of the three antiviral medications, which you will take for 7 to 10 days. You should begin the medication as soon as you notice any signs or symptoms of herpes, preferably during the prodrome stage that precedes the outbreak of lesions. If taken during prodrome, episodic therapy may help prevent an outbreak from occurring or reduce its severity. Valacyclovir is taken once a day. Suppressive treatment can reduce the frequency of outbreak recurrences by 70 to 80%. It is generally recommended for people who have frequent recurrences (6 or more outbreaks per year). Because herpes recurrences often diminish over time, you should discuss annually with your health care provider whether you should stay with drug therapy or discontinue it. While taking any suppressive therapy for genital herpes, it is still important to regularly use latex condoms and to avoid any sexual activity during recurrences. A new form of acyclovir (Sitavig) is administered orally as an adhesive tablet; it is applied to the gum region of the mouth, where it dissolves during the course of the day. In addition, acyclovir is available in topical form, as is the related drug penciclovir (Denavir). Topical TreatmentsThese ointments or creams can help shorten healing time and duration of symptoms. However, none are truly effective at eliminating outbreaks. Penciclovir (Denavir) heals HSV-1 sores on average about half a day faster than without treatment, stops viral shedding, and reduces the duration of pain.
Ideally, you should apply the cream within the first hour of symptoms, although the medication can still help if applied later.
Apply the cream 5 times a day, beginning at the first sign of tingling or pain. Over-the-counter topical ointments may provide modest relief. They include Anbesol gel, Blistex lip ointment, Campho-phenique, Herpecin-L, Viractin, and Zilactin. Some contain a topical anesthetic such as benzocaine, tetracaine, or phenol. Lip balm that contains sunblock, or sunscreen applied around the lips may help prevent sun-triggered outbreaks.
Herbs and SupplementsGenerally, manufacturers of herbal remedies and dietary supplements do not need FDA approval to sell their products.
Just like a drug, herbs and supplements can affect the body's chemistry, and therefore have the potential to produce side effects that may be harmful.
There have been several reported cases of serious and even lethal side effects from herbal products. Always check with your provider before using any herbal remedies or dietary supplements. Many herbal and dietary supplement products claim to help fight herpes infection by boosting the immune system. There has been little research on these products, and little evidence to show that they really work. Epidemiology, clinical presentation, and antibody response to primary infection with herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in young women. Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 among persons aged 14 - 49 years -- United States, 2005-2008.
Guidance on management of asymptomatic neonates born to women with active genital herpes lesions. Genital shedding of herpes simplex virus among symptomatic and asymptomatic persons with HSV-2 infection.




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14.01.2015, author: admin


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