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Symptoms of sore throat in 2 month old,how to get rid of painful callus on big toe x ray,how do u get rid of kidney infection last - 2016 Feature

Cindy Dy30 March 2015 at 00:28Looking for a good site that is more interesting and knowledgeable?
Sore throat has been experienced by all of us – it starts with a niggle and can blow up into the most irritating conditions experienced. The most common symptoms of sore throat are pain, scratchy-feeling in the throat, irritation and neck tenderness. Viral infections of the respiratory system are common and an itchy throat is one of the main symptoms. Other bacteria that could be the causative agents are: streptococcus pyogenes and arcanobacterium haemolyticum.
Dust, pollen, mold and other airborne allergens can cause respiratory infections, leading to symptoms of scratchy throat.
These substances can be avoided by making small changes like, avoiding going out on a rainy day to avoid exposure to allergens like pollen, as this is when the pollen count increases drastically. Gastro-esophageal reflux as a result of indigestion or excess acid secretion, can create soreness of throat.
Pharyngitis and sore throat are generally used interchangeably and swallowing difficulty is the main manifestation of this illness. As a result of this pricking sensation or discomfort, our bodies develop a local defense mechanism and the result is acute cough.
It’s advisable to do warm water gargles without salt at least thrice a day, to get rid of cough.
Hot fluids like soups, tea and coffee should be taken at short intervals to avoid dehydration and to reduce symptoms of itchiness, dryness and cough.
If the individual is breathing through the mouth as a result of a nasal blockage; dry air could cause throat irritation. Steam inhalation can reduce dryness of the inner lining of the nose and it also helps eliminate mucus accumulation in the nasal tract, that eventually clogs the throat. This is one of the most popular time-tested remedies, which can be used for all upper respiratory diseases.
A mixture of apple cider vinegar with warm water should be consumed three to four times throughout the day.
Herbs such as peppermint, clove, ginger, cayenne pepper and sage should be steeped in hot water. The best approach for battling a sore throat is to avoid all susceptible irritants and be more cautious about the impact of seasonal changes on health, as our immunity levels sometimes, dip with the change in weather.
It’s also extremely necessary to improve one’s immunity so as to be able to fight illness before it matures. Madhavi is a senior editor at UrbanWired with deep love and passion for all things health, wellness, fitness and fashion. Content (text, audio, video) on this website is only intended to provide general information to the reader and is not intended to be used as medical advice, professional diagnosis or treatment. Signup to get the most important weekly news roundup from across the web about Health, Wellness & Fitness.
Chronic granular Pharyngitis can cause a significant problem in daily life, starting from throat discomfort in the morning to alteration of voice and cough .Its is a chronic inflammatory condition of the pharynx characterized by hypertrophy of mucosa, seromucinous glands, subepithelial lymphoid follicles and even the muscular coat of the pharynx.
Persistent infection in the surrounding structures of pharynx like nose, sinus, tonsils and dental sepsis. Mouth breathing exposes pharynx to air which has not been filtered, humidified and adjusted. Foreign body sensation (something stuck in the throat) Globus sensation- patient has constant desire to clear the throat. Posterior pharyngeal wall may be studded with reddish nodules in case of Granular Pharyngitis. Electrocautery-diathermy was once popular, but it causes lot of post operative pain and has to be done under general anesthetic. Dr Paulose FRCS, DLO is a Consultant ENT Plastic & Laser Surgeon with over 38 years of world class experience in Ear, Nose, Throat and Laser Surgery treating patients across the world from UK, US, Middle East to Asia. Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the throat which is also known as streptococcal pharyngitis.
A strep throat is caused by an infection of the throat (pharynx) with with the bacteria known as Streptococcus pyogenes or group A streptococcus (GAS).
Most sore throats are not serious and usually resolve within two or three days to a week, but in case of chronic sore throat beyond this period a consultation with a doctor would be advisable. Strep sore throat is a common bacterial throat infection occurring both in adults and children, but is most commonly seen between the ages of 5 and 15 years. Usually, symptoms such as coughing, sneezing or runny nose are absent unless there is a viral upper respiratory tract infection. However, it is necessary to differentiate between strep throat and other causes of sore throat because some of the symptoms may overlap. Physical examination and a careful history taking is necessary and if characteristic signs like small red spots on the roof of the mouth are present, treatment may be commenced even without further investigation. Complete blood cell count (CBC) to determine the presence and severity of infection may be done. Anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titer measures the antibodies produced by the body against the streptococcus bacteria. Throat culture is where a sample taken from the back of the throat by means of a sterile swab and sent for culture in the laboratory to detect the streptococcus bacteria.


Rapid antigen test is a faster procedure to confirm the diagnosis of strep throat but false negative results may occur. The incubation period (the time from exposure to the disease till the development of symptoms) for strep throat may vary from 3 to 5 days. Ask a Doctor Online Now!The contagious period (the period when a person may be capable of infecting others with the disease) for a person suffering from strep throat will continue from his start of illness till 24 hours of starting antibiotics. Once strep throat is diagnosed, antibiotics are usually prescribed for oral administration.
Pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen may help to relieve throat pain, headache and fever. In addition, general measures such as adequate rest, plenty of fluids, salt water gargles, throat lozenges, and avoiding foods which irritate the throat may be useful. Tonsillectomy (surgical removal of the tonsils) may be considered in cases of recurrent episodes of strep throat or tonsillitis, or in cases of persistent peri-tonsillar abscess in spite of drainage. If a strep throat is not treated timeously or adequately, certain complications may develop, the most important of which are rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis.
Rheumatic fever is a serious complication of untreated or inadequately treated strep throat since it may lead to permanent damage to the heart and the heart valves.
Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis is inflammation of the kidneys which may occur as a complication of strep throat especially in children under 7 years of age. Ask a Doctor Online Now!Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis. Besides these tipical strep throat sympthoms, other more non-specific signals and symptoms, such as headache, painful swallowing, difficult breathing, abdominal pain or rash, may also appear. Symptoms usually begin within 1-4 days after contracting the infection (the incubation period).
While almost all affected people got sore throat, which is similar, some of the general and constitutional symptoms of strep throat infection may vary quite a bit depending on the patient's age. For older children and adolescents(aged 4-16), they commonly have terrible look and feel with strep throat. Generally speaking, strep throat symptoms in adults is milder than children and adolescents. The bacteria that cause strep throat tend to hang out in the nose and throat, so sneezing, coughing, or shaking hands can easily spread the strep infection from one person to another.
To reduce our chances of acquiring strep throat, we need keep a distance from the infected person. Although streptococcal pharyngitis cannot be accurately diagnosed by symptoms or a physical exam alone, there are certain clues that can help you determine if a sore throat is bacterial in nature.
Symptoms like coughing and postnasal drip can cause pharyngitis, but are less likely to occur with strep.
Swollen and tender lymph nodes in the neck are another symptom of streptococcal pharyngitis. If streptococcal pharyngitis goes untreated it can lead to potentially serious complications including scarlet fever (pictured above), rheumatic fever, sinusitis, mastoiditis, glomerulonephritis and guttate psoriasis.
Performing a rapid strep test in-office is the quickest way to determine whether a patient with pharyngitis needs an antibiotic or not. It is important that clinicians differentiate between bacterial and viral forms of pharyngitis. View the slideshow and learn more about practicing good antimicrobial stewardship by knowing when to prescribe antibiotics or if other over-the-counter remedies are appropriate. Yes, but one has to identify the cause of the sore throat first, in order to decide the right remedy for it. Other viral diseases that could cause similar symptoms are influenza, common cold, measles and mononucleosis.
Some examples are: inflammation of the tonsils, larynx, epiglottis and pharynx, which are generally the affected areas during a sore throat episode. Allergy tests can help identify if a person is allergic to specific substances like dander, pollen and the like. So, elimination of the cause of sore throat leads to all other symptoms like pain and cough that are associated with it, subsiding too. Taking prescribed antibiotics under the supervision of a certified doctor is necessary to ward off bacterial infections. But, if the symptoms don’t go away even after a few days of trying home remedies for sore throat and cough, one should rush to a doctor immediately. This can be achieved by maintaining an optimum level of fitness through the use of healthy diets and proper exercise. She is a master's graduate in human resource management but fell in love with healthy living. These are usually result of nasal polyp, allergic rhinitis, turbinate hypertrophy and adenoids.
Unlike other common infectious causes of a sore throat, a strep throat is highly contagious and if left untreated, it can cause serious and even life-threatening complications. Untreated strep throat may lead to other complications such as rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis.
Some people may be asymptomatic carriers who are capable of spreading the infection although they may have no symptoms of the infection.
Strep sore throat needs early treatment with antibiotics so that other complications do not develop, while a viral sore throat may need no treatment at all and will resolve spontaneously.


A number of laboratory tests, including a blood test, throat culture, rapid antigen test, and rapid DNA test, should be considered to identify a strep throat at the earliest possible stage. The antibodies may not be present in the blood till a few weeks after the infection hence ASO titer is not helpful in diagnosing a strep throat.
Some people are carriers and do not have any symptoms but they may be capable of passing on the disease to others. Sometimes penicillin injections may be necessary in a young child where vomiting or difficulty swallowing may affect oral administration.
Aspirin should not be given to children and young people under the age of 18 because of the risk of developing Reye’s syndrome, which is a potentially life-threatening condition. Often, adding moisture to the air by means of a humidifier or using saline nasal sprays helps to keep the mucus membrane of the throat moist. However, it usually resolves on its own in a few weeks without causing any permanent kidney damage.
It's one of the most common bacterial culprit among people, only behind sore throat infections. The risk of acquiring strep throat from an infected family member is also very high(near 40%!), since physical contact is hardly avoided.
They also may get high fevers, very painful throats accompany with severe difficult swallowing, and pus on the tonsils. Strep often produces white patches in the throat and on the tonsils, as well as red, swollen tonsils. When congestion, runny nose and other cold symptoms accompany a sore throat, a virus is likely responsible. High-grade fevers over 101 degrees Fahrenheit raise the likelihood that strep is causing a sore throat.
Most of these tests have a 95% sensitivity and a 98% specificity, so although they are highly accurate it is still possible to miss some cases. Inappropriate antibiotic use, particularly for viral respiratory infections, is one of the main factors driving recent increases in antimicrobial resistance. So, let’s take a quick look at the causes of sore throat and then at the home remedies for sore throat and cough. However, in case of a viral infection, symptomatic treatment in addition to certain home remedies for remedies sore throat and cough are extremely helpful to ease distress.
This warm beverage will definitely ensure a good night’s sleep, without the nagging cough or throat irritation. This is known to possess antibacterial properties that could help in quicker recovery when aided with proper prescription drugs. This and the use of natural remedies for sore throat and cough will keep you in good health, helping you soar above any soreness!
Given how uninformed people were about personal health, fitness and fashion; she felt compelled to educate, enlighten and entertain the average joe and jane around the globe.
We do not undertake any responsibility or liability of any health issues caused by following advise on this website. However, its importance lies in the fact that it can help to evaluate the complications of strep throat such as rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis. In an infected person who is not on antibiotics the contagious period may be up to 3 weeks, even though no symptoms are present. For its becterial infection nature, antibiotic is needed to treat the strep throat infections effectively. The bacteria that cause strep throat tend to hang out in the nose and throat, so strep throat can be transmission by spittle with a cough or sneeze.
Generally speaking, strep throat symptoms can be rarely seen among children less than 1 year old or adults above 50 years old. As mentioned above, when people infected with strep throat, they are likely to get rapid and severe sore throat.
Because of this, all negative swab specimens should be sent for culture to confirm the absence of strep bacteria.
Antibiotics also help to contain the spread of infection to others as well as reduce chances of complications.
To avoid generation of other syndroms, one have to get cured correctly and immediately when strep throat symptoms appear.
If the rapid test is normal, the doctor will probably send a sample to a lab for a throat culture, just to make sure.
Becterial has exuberant vitality and can live for a long period, which only leads the infection spread easier and faster. The oral antibiotics which are normally given for strep throat are penicillin, amoxicillin, cephalosporin, or azithromycin.
All other cold symptoms such as sneezing, or a running nose are unlikely occur with strep infection.



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