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Treatment of bacterial pneumonia in animals,how to get rid of itching vigina,herbal cure for herpes simplex 2 virus - How to DIY

Bacterial pneumonia is a medical condition where there is infection in one or both of the lungs. The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is a Gram-positive bacterium, Streptococcus Pneumoniae. Community acquired pneumonia are those cases which spread by respiratory droplets via sneezing and coughing.
Hospital acquired pneumonia is contracted from exposure to hospitals or other healthcare settings. Physical exam where the doctor listens to the patient's chest using a stethoscope for abnormal chest sounds such as rales, wheezing etc. Oxygen supplementation is given for aged patients and those who have extreme difficulty in breathing.
To understand what pneumonia is it is first necessary to learn the anatomy of the lungs a little. The alveoli, which are the end point of the respiratory tree, are microscopic cavities that are in contact with the bloodstream.
In pneumonia, the alveoli are filled with purulent secretions, preventing the entry and exit of gases. Pneumonia can be caused in descending order of frequency, of bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.
Indeed, "catching pneumonia" is not an accurate term, since this is the idea of disease transmission among individuals. The development of pneumonia depends on the virulence of the invader, the amount of microbes that can reach the lungs and immunological conditions of the patient.
The signs and symptoms of pneumonia include cough, fever, chills, shortness of breath, chest pain when deep breath, vomiting, loss of appetite, malaise and body aches. Patients over 60 or with other diseases such as renal failure, heart failure, cirrhosis, HIV or immunosuppressive drugs, may present a more discrete pneumonia, with little cough and no fever.
One of the possible complications of pneumonia is the formation of pleural effusion, which contributes to the onset of fatigue and shortness of breath.
In extensive pneumonias, when much of the lung tissue is affected, the patient may go into respiratory failure, necessitating intubation, mechanical ventilation and hospitalization in intensive care unit (ICU).
There is a group of bacteria including Mycoplasma, Legionella and Chlamydia, which cause the so-called atypical pneumonia. Many patients presenting with symptoms of cough and sputum are frightened by the possibility of having tuberculosis. The diagnosis of pneumonia is usually done with physical examination and a chest radiograph. Radiography, as it is a cheap and widely available, is usually required to confirm the diagnosis. The blood of a patient with pneumonia shows a great increase in the number of leukocytes, typical of bacterial infections.
In severe cases patients who require hospitalization, usually try to identify, which bacterium is responsible for pneumonia. Pneumonias are divided into community, when acquired on the day-to-day activities, and when they arise in hospitalized patients.


The main drugs used for community-acquired pneumonia are amoxicillin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, ceftriaxone, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin. Pneumonia can easily lead to sepsis and tend to be important cause of death in the elderly and immunosuppressed patients. There is a vaccine against streptococcal pneumonia, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, the most common type. What happens is that when it is cold our defense system, mainly the cilia in the airways, work slower, favoring the invasion of germs. So, nobody "catches pneumonia" because they open the refrigerator with wet body or because they take a shower just before leaving work or school.
There is inflammation of the alveoli of the lungs where they become filled with fluid, pus and cellular waste resulting in impaired ability in exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body. Other major gram-positive bacteria which cause pneumonia include staphylococcus aureus and bacillus anthracis. HAP is more difficult to treat than community acquired pneumonia as the bacteria are resistant to antibiotics. The type of antibiotic used depends on the causative bacterium, geographical region, health and immune status of the patient. In these affected by the infection wells there is no exchange of oxygen for carbon dioxide. The bacteria that most commonly cause pneumonia are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Staphylococcus aureus. Our lungs are organs constantly exposed to microbes from the air and our own bacterial flora of the mouth. In general, pneumonia arises when a germ aggressively penetrates the respiratory tract and the defense system is compromised. For example, patients who smoke have a constant irritation of the entire bronchial tree protectors and dysfunction of cilia. Often the patient attributes their symptoms of pneumonia to influenza, slow to seek medical help. Sometimes pneumonia in this group is only present with prostration and mental changes such as confusion and disorientation. They are forms that may have slower development framework and pneumonia is not so obvious in this case. The alveoli filled with secretion appear as a white spot on chest radiography, as you can see in the picture. Pneumonia is more serious and more difficult to treat because it is usually caused by bacteria more resistant and affects more vulnerable patients.
The community-acquired pneumonia can be treated with oral antibiotics, but those that evolve badly require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics.
It is recommended for children and people over 50, but does not prevent pneumonia caused by other germs. As I have explained, to have pneumonia you need a bacterial infection, not just a stream of cold air to infect us.
In winter people walk on the street and less tend to cluster indoors, favoring the transmission of viruses such as influenza.


Fortunately, our immune system is strong enough to deal with trivial situations like these. Symptoms of bacterial pneumonia include shortness of breath, pain when taking a breath and chest pain. Some of the antibiotics commonly used are amoxicillin, clarithromycin, azithromycin and fluoroquinolones.
The trachea upon reaching the level of the lungs, bifurcates, forming the main bronchi, one for the left side and one for the right and these bronchi also bifurcate to form the bronchioles, which eventually end up in the alveoli. We do not get sick all the time because the lungs have their own defense mechanisms that keep germ free.
It is a kind of pneumonia in patients with common level of consciousness, which lose the ability to cough or to swallow their own saliva, causing the secretions from the oral cavity fall into airways. It takes attention to cases of influenza that do not improve or even worsen progressively, especially if the patient is elderly. A good doctor is able to diagnose pneumonia only with the clinical history and physical examination. In selected cases it may be necessary to collect secretions from the lung directly through bronchoscopy. As has been mentioned above, viral respiratory infections are risk factors, especially in the elderly, for the appearance of pneumonia. The patient may present with extensive pneumonia respiratory failure, needing to be intubated and connected to a respirator to get keep the blood properly oxygenated. Among these systems we mention the cough reflex, the presence of immune cells throughout the respiratory tract and the existence of microscopic cilia in the bronchial tree which "sweep" invading agents out of the airways. The airway that person is exposed to has a huge amount of microbes, much higher than in normal condition, favoring the development of pneumonia.
The patient becomes ill with the disease shortly, seeking medical attention within the first 72 hours of illness. The severity of the infection depends on the bacterium, patient's health, age and immunity.
Carbon dioxide passes from the blood into the alveoli and so, as we all know, we inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide.
Tuberculosis presents itself as a more drawn out, with symptoms gradually worsened and the patient often seeks medical attention only several weeks after the onset of symptoms. The injury that the flu virus causes respiratory system also favors the invasion of bacteria, which take advantage of the reduction of patient's ability to fight germs that reach the innermost parts of the respiratory system. Older people naturally have a weaker immune system, which puts them at greater risk of developing pneumonia. Similarly, people already weakened by other diseases, such as heart failure, alcoholism or diabetes also have higher risks.



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18.05.2016, author: admin


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