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What type of bacteria causes bladder infections,super fast ways to get rid of a sore throat allergies,bacterial infection symptoms in dogs treatment,how to get rid of acne in chest and back youku - Review

What Is a Urinary Tract Infection?About half of women will get a urinary tract infection, or UTI, at some point in life. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.American Journal of Epidemiology, October 2004. Urinary Tract Infections The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, ureters (which connect the kidneys and the bladder), bladder, and urethra. It happens when germs infect the system that carries urine out of the body -- the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that connect them. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances.
It is not a substitute for professional veterinary advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your pet’s health. Never ignore professional veterinary advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. A bladder infection is generally not a medical emergency -- but some people have a higher risk for complications.
This includes pregnant women, the elderly, and men, as well as people with diabetes, kidney problems, or a weakened immune system. UTI or Something Else?Although burning during urination is a telltale sign of a UTI, it can  also be a symptom of a vaginal yeast infection or certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The kidneys filter your blood to remove excess water, salt, potassium, urea and other substances.
Yet a cystoscopy , a thin tube and camera that is inserted into the bladder can help doctors diagnosis it.  Honeymoon CystitisFew things can ruin a honeymoon like a UTI. But this is so common, it has its own name -- "honeymoon cystitis." The reason is that sexual activity can push bacteria into the urethra.
But pregnant women, some children, and recipients of kidney transplants should be treated to avoid a kidney infection.


UTI ComplicationsThe main danger associated with untreated UTIs is that the infection may  spread from the bladder to one or both kidneys. When bacteria attack the  kidneys, they can cause damage that will permanently reduce kidney function.
There's also a small chance that the infection may enter the  bloodstream and spread to other organs. How Do UTIs Begin?Many types of bacteria live in the intestines and genital area, but this is not true of the urinary system.
Typically, bacteria travel up the urethra to the bladder, where an infection can take hold.
When it does happen, it's often related to another underlying medical condition, such as a kidney stone or an enlarged prostate.
Diagnosing UTIsThe first step in diagnosing a UTI is usually a simple urine test called a urinalysis. Your health care provider may recommend drinking lots of fluids and emptying your bladder frequently to help flush out the bacteria. But severe kidney infections may require hospital care, including a course of intravenous antibiotics.
If you have three or more a year, talk to your doctor about how to prevent or minimize these infections. Prolonged Use of Bladder Catheters Catheters are used when someone cannot urinate normally. UTIs and PregnancyDuring pregnancy, there are several factors that boost the risk of UTIs, especially a kidney infection. Hormones cause changes in the urinary tract, and the uterus may put pressure on the ureters or bladder or both -- making it more difficult for urine to pass from the kidneys to the bladder and out. Untreated UTIs can contribute to preterm labor, so be sure to alert your doctor if you suspect you have an infection.


UTIs and MenopauseEstrogen has a protective effect in the urinary tract, but levels of this hormone drop off significantly during menopause. UTIs and Hospital StaysA hospital stay can put you at risk for a UTI, particularly if you need to use a catheter. This is more often a problem for older adults who require prolonged hospital stays or who live in long-term care facilities. Symptoms of upper UTI include: pain and tenderness in the upper back and sides chills fever nausea vomiting Women who are pregnant and have symptoms of UTI should see their doctor right away.
Agitation, delirium, or other behavioral changes may be the only sign of a UTI in elderly men and women. Their muscles may not relax enough later to fully empty the bladder and flush away any bacteria.
A small number of children have a structural problem that obstructs urine flow or lets urine flow back from the bladder to the kidneys, triggering chronic kidney infections. Other children may scream or cry when taken to the potty, as a way of rebelling against the process. Some tests for this include: ultrasound intravenous pyelogram (IVP) a€“ this injected dye allows doctors to see your entire urinary tract cystoscopy, which uses a small camera to examine the bladder During a cystoscopy, your doctor may remove a small piece of bladder tissue.
Some studies suggest it can prevent, but not treat an infection, and is more effective in young and middle-aged women. A biopsy can be used to rule out bladder cancer Treatment of UTI Antibiotics are used to treat UTIs. If you have recurrent UTIs and use spermicides or a diaphragm, your doctor may recommend alternative birth control.



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25.02.2015, author: admin
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