How to get my husband to move back home,2 really weird ways to get your ex back fast,get your ex back tricks xbox,ex text me should i reply 94 - New On 2016

admin | I Want My Ex Back Now | 19.01.2014
Hosted by assigned participant players, the Acoustic Live Friday afternoon booth showcases slogged through a constant downpour.
I followed them part way, staying inside, next to Jim, the harp player, and Sarah, the fiddler, soaking in their swooping melody lines that helped the song fly. This was my first close-up taste of this phenomenon; an organically formed band whose disparate pieces meshed as if grown together out of the same soil. The story, however, begins with husband and wife Mark Miller and Beth Jamie Kaufman, who form the main stem from which the banda€™s other tendrils sprouted. After graduation, Mark went back to Boston, where his degree did not prove to be a job magnet. In spite of an obvious talent in the digital realm, Mark decided to move to San Francisco to become a chiropractor.
At that point, as he said, a€?deep in the purgatory of the transition from the mature and peaceful art of analog tape editing to the nuclear fallout caused by the insertion of the first generation of PCs into the recording studio, I got a random phone call asking if I could write music for a video game. Mark spent the next 10 years building the largest independent studio for video game music and produced soundtracks for more than 100 titles.
Early in this period, Mark and Beth played together in a a€?dismal blues band.a€? She said, a€?It was us and a bunch of musician guys that all worked with Mark in the video game scene out in San Francisco.
A job offer from Harmonix brought Mark and Beth back to the East Coast and Mark worked for them leading a€?up to but not including the development and launch of Guitar Hero.a€? Needing out of the game business, he went back for his MBA at Northeastern University.
Beth, being very resourceful, managed to find out what the instrument was (a bouzouki a€” leave it to David Lindley), and got Mark one for his next birthday. In conversation with three of the other band members during our dinner together, I got to see firsthand why these intelligent, articulate, funny people have so much fun making music together and enjoy each othera€™s company off stage as well. Tom Socol is a good guitarist who had played in a lot of bands but hadna€™t played out for a long time. A good friend of theirs, Steve, a professional bassist, a much more serious musician, joined the group for gigs. One of the places that the band began to play on a steady basis was the Hastings Farmera€™s Market.
Another piece fell into place when, similar to what happened with Tom and Ellen, Lou Gesera€™s wife mentioned to Mark that Lou, needing an outlet, played drums. John Neidhart, the bassist, had started off in folk and blues and had gone through a long rock a€™na€™ roll period. When Tom couldna€™t attend all of the 2010 NERFA Conference, John suggested that Rik fill in at the remaining showcases and jams. John Neidhart, theA  bassist, had started off in folk and blues and had gone through a longA  rock a€™na€™ roll period. It was Christmas of 1939, and Ida and Viola, my two sisters, were working in Salt Lake City. The next thing I knew I received a letter from Ida telling me of her experience that morning. The LaGrande 2nd Ward, of which I was a member and from which I was leaving for my Mission, gave me a farewell party as we customary in those days.
My brother Alex and his wife had not been to the Temple to have their marriage sealed since she had joined the Church a few years before. Those of us going down to Salt Lake were Alex and Mildred, their two sons, Richard and Gerald, my sister Viola, and Dorothy Richeson, a friend, and myself. Then, Monday morning, I checked into the Mission Home on State Street for the two weeks training they gave all Missionaries prior to their leaving for their fields of labor. Previous to my going on my Mission and during the time we were making plans to go, I had somewhat of a heavy feeling.
Then, the morning of April 25th came and I found myself, along with all, or a lot, of the other Missionaries getting ready to leave on various trains for their mission fields. Upon arriving in Los Angeles, we were met at the Union Station by the District President of the Los Angeles District, Ferris R.
Later in the afternoon, I took the Pacific Electric Train out to Belflower where I met Elder Archibald, my new companion. For the first few days of our stay in Belflower, I got to meet a lot of people who were members of the Branch.
We often went with President Visser to Long Beach to Leadership meetings as that was their stake Headquarters. Of course, I was ready in the alloted time and on my way to Downey to work with Elder Ray Fransen. Another interesting experience we had was one Sunday when they were having Stake Conference in the South Los Angeles Stake.
After visiting with him all afternoon and again in the evening, after Conference was over, Theron took us home. In a couple of weeks we called back to see if she had read the book and to pick it up if she was through with it.
After he left, we went out to Sister Mossa€™s place to break the news to her and her husband, because Elder Holt also was being transfered to Compton, California, and there would be no missionaries in Downey at all. Saturday morning, October 12, President Hagey, my District President, came to Downey to take me to Los Angeles to report to President MacDonald for my instructions about the new district. While in Los Angeles getting instructions from the President, I got to visit some with the other missionaries at headquarters. President Hagey and I stayed in Los Angeles that night and the next morning he drove me out to Riverside, which I greatly appreciated, as I did not have a car then.
We soon moved our headquarters of the Mission (District) to a better location, and the Missionaries started coming into the District. As soon as I had assigned all of the Elders to their various fields of labor, I wrote to all the Branch Presidents in the District to introduce myself. One of the outstanding experiences I had in that District was holding Cottage Meetings in Hemitt.
Needless to say, I was a little nervous also with the minister sitting in the back of the living room staring at me.
A few months later, after I had been transferred up to the Bakersfield District, I received a letter from President Choate, saying that the Rev.
I remember the Easter Sunrise Service we held in Hemitt that year as a District Conference. With two carloads of missionaries from our district plus one carload from the mission office, for we invited them out to speak at our conference, plus all of the people from over the district, we had a real conference. At the end of the first month I was out in Riverside, which was the day before I was to expect Mr.
About a month later I was down in the Los Angeles area and went out to call on them for a visit.
On one of those subsequent visits I remember telling her that I hated to see them wasting their time outside of the Church.
Once, President Durham wrote to me to see if I would come down and speak in the Downey Branch for their Sacrament Meeting. She had originally resigned as pastor of the local United Brethren Church there in Holiday, California when she first decided to join ours; then after backing out of being baptized she went back and accepted the position again.
With this introduction, they all commenced talking at once telling me what a bad thing I was doing, disturbing people who were happy in their own religion until they heard me.
The last time I saw her in the mission field was about three months before I was to be released to go home. While in Riverside, I had the privilege of baptizing a Sister James and her six children into the Church. I have surely been blessed to have the opportunity to meet many of my friends from the mission field. Another interesting experience was when President Blood (Verna€™s next Mission President) called me into his office one day to talk about the Imperial Valley District.
Once, when I had gone down there to take over the office from President Burton, I toured the district and visited all the branches in it.
While down there we accompanied one of the local brethren over to Yuma, Arizona to the branch there to speak in Church. I met some wonderful friends down in the Imperial Valley; President Cyril Gardner, and President Lunsford of the El Centro and Brawley Branches. It was here we met and stayed with a wonderful family by the name of Arthur Lee {LNa€™s note: This man, Arthur Lee was a first cousin to Rhoda Jane Perkins Wakefield, being a descendant of Mosiah Hancock}. At this time of my life my hair was getting pretty thin in front, and in her conversation she turned to Elder Richards and asked him if he was out of high school. As the month of June was drawing to a close, I received a letter from President Blood transferring me up to organize a new district in Bakersfield, California. They immediately started to explain to me that a€?Eldera€? was not their name, that it was their title.
Both Elders Grant Fisher and Glen Sorenson turned out to be really good missionaries and both served as District Presidents before their missions were finished. That evening I held a meeting with the missionaries and gave them their assignments as to where they would labor.
After all the elders were assigned and working, I took three Elders with me and drove to Bishop. One day the two Lady Missionaries who were working out in Oildale, came in to the office asking if I would go the next week with them to a Cottage Meeting they had scheduled.
We met regularly every week with her in her home and enjoyed the Spirit of the Lord to a very great degree. It had grown into a habit each week that after our subject matter was completed and we had taught them that part of the Gospel plan we had decided on, that Dorothy would bring in some sort of refreshment such as pie and ice cream. When I arrived in San Francisco it was raining and nearly evening by the time I found the Mission Home.
That night and the next day I spent time with President Ellsworth outlining what he had in mind for me to do.
On my way up to San Francisco I received a letter as I was going through Bakersfield, from Clayton M. The last week of my Mission, after having visited all of the districts in the Mission except Reno, Nevada, President Ellsworth called me into his office for a visit. Then, he told me to go to Reno, Nevada, hold the Conference there and instruct the Missionaries. I was in Reno, Nevada when my release took effect, and with instruction to stop in Salt Lake to be set apart as a Counselor in the Bishopric, it would not allow for me to go back down to Bakersfield to baptize Dr. The next morning, which was Sunday, I went out to go to Church with my sister and brother-in-law, Paul and Helen Zaugg.
The first of the week, or Monday morning, I went into the Church Offices to be interviewed and report my mission.
Our story for this Buck family begins with the marriage of Davida€™s parents, Thomas Buck and Elizabeth Scott, on 4 May 1738 in Glastonbury, Connecticut [see Glastonbury Vital Records by Barbour, available on the Internet.] The record of this marriage does not provide any additional information about the ancestry of Thomas Buck, but it does tell us that Elizabeth was the daughter of Thomas Scott. We know that these were the parents of our David Buck as his daughter, Elizabeth Buck Garlick (who we will frequently refer to as a€?EBGa€?) left a record in 1841 (in Nauvoo, Illinois) and again in 1872 (in Salt Lake City in the Endowment House).
Following their wedding in 1738, Thomas and Elizabeth Buck completely disappear from the local records. Fortunately their grand-daughter, Elizabeth Buck Garlick (EBG), lived long enough to be listed in the 1880 US Federal census for Springville, Utah. The birth-dates are unknown for several of these children, but since there was such a large gap between Thomas, Jr. There was also a John Buck and a Joseph Buck who were closely associated with this family in Bedford County, but we have no document that establishes their relationship to the rest of this family. With all of the above as foundation for our story we will now present the documented history for our David Buck, Sr. The very first item we can find for our Bucks in Bedford County is in the 1775 tax list where a Thomas Buck was listed as paying 7 pounds, 6, as a resident of Colerain Township in Bedford Co., PA.
In the next yeara€™s tax recorda€”1776, we again find Thomas Buck, along with Jonathan Buck listed in Colerain Township of Bedford County. We have no tax records for 1777 & 1778, but in 1779 there was no Thomas Buck in Colerain Township. In 1780 we still find David Buck and John Buck paying taxes in Colerain Twp., and Davida€™s brother, Thomas Buck, Jr. The 6th Company, 1st Battalion of the PA militia was formed from the men of Providence Township in 1781, with George Enslow as Captain. We do not know any details about Davida€™s military service but we do know there were many British inspired Indian-attacks within the county where settlers were killed and their homes burned. By 1784 both David and Jonathan were located in Providence Township in Bedford Co., PA, and their brother Thomas was still in Hopewell, just a few miles north of Providence. In 1789 Jonathan Buck sold his land in Providence Township and moved to the western side of the County, and from there (in 1793) he moved to Tennessee. Note that most of the purchases above naming Thomas Buck were surely for the Captain Thomas Buck of Hopewell Twp., the brother of our David, Sr.
David Buck, land deeded to him by Benjamin Ferguson and Zilah, his wife, for 45 pounds, that tract of land called Oxford Situate on the waters of Brush Creek also running by the land of Thomas Buck, Esq.
Thomas Buck and wife Margaret, sold to George Myers, land in Providence Twp being rented by William Conners for $2,400., on Brush Creek joining John Allisona€™s survey and running by David Bucka€™s property. This is a very interesting entry as we know that the Captain, Thomas Buck (brother of our David Sr.) was the man who was married to Mrs. Before we continue with the Buck family, we need to take a sideways step to briefly discuss the Cashman family, as that brings in the wife of David Buck, Sr.
This family lived for many years in Berks County, PA, and then in York Co., PA, before moving to Washington County, Maryland in 1777. We should mention here that by this time the old Germanic family name had seen a number of changes that show up in many of the documents.
Martina€™s oldest daughter, Catherine grew up in Pennsylvania and moved with her parents to Maryland when she was about 25 years old.
David returned to his farm in Bedford County, PA with a new wife and four little step-children. While we are talking about close family members showing up in the temple records, there is one more that we should discuss at this point. The 1800 federal census is also a bit bewildering (but then census records are not known for their accuracy).
This entry make sense if there was only one Bumgardner boy still living in Davida€™s home and if he was between the ages of 10-16a€”which would be about right. In 1808 there was another tax list which shows David with 247 acres in Providence Twp, with 1 horse and 2 cows. His oldest son, Thomas, was already married and had been out of the house for about seven years before his father died. We dona€™t know how long Catherine Cashman Buck lived after the death of her husband but it appears she was still alive during the 1820 census as discussed above. The oldest child of our David Buck and Catherine Cashman (after her Bumgardner children) was Thomas Buck.
Very nearby lived the family of Michael Blue, who had a daughter, Elizabeth Blue, born 30 March 1788, in Providence Twp, making her just about two years older than Thomas. Shortly after the birth of their youngest child the family moved to Van Buren, Pulaski Co., Indiana, where they were living in the 1860 census, and where Thomas died on 27 Feb. A number of local residents joined the Church at that same time which resulted in a backlash of hard feelings and persecution ensued, inducing many of them to sell their homes and move to Nauvoo, Illinois where the a€?Saintsa€? were gathering.
With the other Saints, the Garlicks were forced to evacuate Nauvoo in 1846 and make their way across the state of Iowa to Council Bluffs. We are not sure when Susannah was born, but her fathera€™s will makes it clear that she was younger than Elizabeth (who was born in 1795a€”according to her own record) and older than Mary, who was born in 1800 (as found in several census records). 50 years old (making him about 12-13 years younger than Susannah, and his wife, a€?Susana€? was five years younger than Solomona€”born about 1815.
Whether Susannah died young, or married and changed her last name, is unknown to us at this time. With a large gap between the first two children there could, and probably were, other children unknown to us at this time. In the 1870 census we do find David Jr.a€™s daughter, Catherine Buck living in Providence with her Aunt Mary Buck (both of her parents had died prior to that year). After the birth of this last child the family moved to Columbus, Franklin Co., Ohio where we find them in the 1880 censusa€”except for their son, George, who would have been 13 in that census but does not appear with the family at that time. This Jonathan Buck remained close to his extended family and traveled back and forth between Pennsylvania and Ohio on various occasions. Note that this particular record does not say that Sarah was the daughter of Mary, but we learn that later on. In the Ancestral File (LDS FHC) Mary has been sealed numerous times to a man by the name of Amos Jones. In the 1860 census, we find Saraha€™s mother, Mary Buck, living with her son-in-law and his two little girlsa€”Marya€™s grand-daughters.
Within the next decade (per the 1870 census) Jacob Foore had remarried and begun an additional family, so Mary moved into a home of her own and also took in her niece, Catherine Buck, with her little daughter, Amanda, who we have discussed above.
This concludes the presentation of the documented life of David Buck, Sr., his wife, Catherine Cashman, and their family.
Aunt Mary Buck is well, Catharine too, neather one of them lives with me now since last spring.
Yours truly, write to me again and tell me all the news and I will give you all the news then. It is with pleasure that I drop you a few lines to inform you we are all well at the present time and hope and trust these few lines may find you the same. I must tell you where we live, we live near Gapsvill and I thought I would write a few lines to you all. Times is very dull here now all though there is plenty of everything but fruit, there is none at tale, only what is shipped here. I can't tell how Aunt or Catharine is gitting along for I have not had a letter from either one for five months or more, I can't tell why it is as I have written to both of them and got no answer. One of my boys married a girl here and they have gone to keeping house here, so if my letter does not come to hand in time he can lift it and remail. I am boarding, I don't keep house anymore and I received your picture and I thought I had thanked you for it in my letter long ago, if not I am very much obliged to you for it.
I did not see Dasey Garlick when I was East, she was away from home the day I went to see her and I had so many places t go I did not get around again. I seen Telitha (Catharine) Garlick two but only to speak to her as met her on the road one day she is married to Wesley Clark, one of Elias Clark's boys.
It appears that there is going to be plenty work to do this summer, lots of large buildings to go up this summer. Temple there was completed, an Endowment House was erected in which sacred ordinances could be performed. The a€?Joseph Garlica€? listed as a€?heira€? and proxy for the males above, was EBGa€™s son. Abigail Jones 2nd cousin {Daughter of Capt. Thomas Buck nephew {EBGa€™s brother, Thomas, md. David Buck nephew {EBGa€™s brother, David, Jr. John Buck cousin {Son Thomas Buck & ELiz.
Her grandfathera€™s brother and cousin had died in the attack on Pearl Harbor--both of them on the Arizona. With plenty of time to spare, they journeyed across the park that housed the recently opened Bowfin exhibit.
Discarding their empty smoothie cups in the trashcan outside, they reentered the visitora€™s center and headed for the theatre.
Thank you very much to my lovely editors Susansuth, Dianafan, and WendyM for keeping me on the straight and narrow. Sure enough, they had reached the entryway, and the docent was handing out tickets.A  Each of them took a ticket with the time stamped on it and stepped inside. A: I commend you for recognizing that you have a problem, for acknowledging the health risks, and for reaching out for help. It can also be very helpful to journal your emotions before and after binging and purging to become more aware of the feelings driving your behavior, and to identify which emotions are most difficult for you to tolerate. I urge you to seek an assessment with a psychotherapist specializing in eating disorders, and to schedule a physical with your doctor.
A: Next time you talk with your mom ask her if she recalls you having similar attention problems in elementary school. There areA other possible explanations for your recent changes in your behavior and emotions. If you've never had a psychiatric or mental health evaluation, it's natural to be a little nervous because you have no idea what to expect.A  When you set up an appointment with a psychiatrist, he or she might give you some questionnaires to fill out before the appointment.
You are in a stressful time of life full of transitions and important decisions a€“ graduate school, serious relationships, career choices. I'm not sure if other people can see, though -- no one looked at me strangely or anything when my face twitched.
Today after my sister; Jannie, had returned home she told me that she needed to have a serious talk with me. Basically, Jannie had told me that they were talking about how I changed throughout high school and how I was acting more of a b*%#h; excuse my language.
She complains too much but claims she doesn't, tends to throw things into peoples faces; not literally, but claims she is not like that, and lastly the one I dislike most, pretends not to talk about people but later on talks about other people behind their back. Part of this transition to adulthood is that you're trying to figure out who you want to be. Ask them to come to you directly with their concerns instead of talking with each other about you.
Write down 3 things: the difficult feelings you have for each one of them, the positive feelings you have toward them, and why having a close relationship with them is so important to you.
About a year ago I went to my doctor and told her how I was feeling, she told me I had symptoms of BPD and to maybe see a therapist.
Please reach out to a psychotherapist in your area who specializes in working with BPD to get an official diagnosis, and to get help to understand and manage your intense emotions, change what you believe about yourself, and to learn more effective ways of relating to others.
I failed three of my classes and the fights and insults got worse, my parents took away nearly everything I had and I almost committed suicide twice, My doctor finally told my mother I NEED to get therapy so she did reluctant, and told me the entire way about what a failure I am. I went to therapy for about 3 months and stopped, my therapist was ignorant and treated me like a little kid.
A: Thanks for reaching out for help to figure out how to manage your feelings of loneliness and hopelessness and stop your self-destructive behavior.
Don't let the fact thatA you didn't connect with your therapist before discourage you from seeking therapy again.A  If you don't want to go back to the therapist you've seen previously, ask your mom, your physician, or a school counselor to help you find another therapist who you feel more comfortable with. It sounds like you're trying to tell your parents, through your symptoms, that you're in a lot of emotional pain, and instead of hearing your pain they're seeing your choices as "bad behavior" instead of as a desperate cry for help. Our earliest attachments to our parents or guardians provides a template for our future relationships, especially when it comes to our sexual relationships. A: It's wonderful that you're wanting to get to the bottom of your obsession by reaching out for help.
Here are a few questions to help you start looking deeper and start to discover what this fantasy is really about and why it is so intense and long-lasting. When you are thinking about having this celebrities love what emotions, in addition to sexual attraction, come up inside you?
If I had more information about your relationship history I could help you make more sense of your obsession. I have childhood onset bipolar disorder and have been in therapy, on and off, for many years. Please note that my psychiatrist is extremely professional and there are obvious boundaries in our therapeutic relationship, yet he is also very caring and sensitive to my thoughts and feelings. While it would be a huge risk to share these intense feelings with your psychiatrist, I encourage you to do so.
I've been sitting here for 30 minutes trying to formulate my thoughts into a paragraph but I can't do it so I'm just going to list feeling as they come to mind. 3.A  I'm not suicidal, but I constantly question why I'm living and try to come up with reasons to continue on. 7.A  I observe everyone's actions with relationships and reasoning and feel like everyone is, for lack of a better term, retarded.
I'm sure there is more but as it is it took me an hour just to get those 10 down.A  Please help with some kind of advice. My son's therapist suggested I see someone, but I don't know if that's the right thing I need. After seeking support for you, I recommend accessingA  additional help for you and your family. Check with your local school district about parenting classes and support groups for children and families with ADHD and other behavior problems. During all these tough time in life I had a very good friend who supported me and understood me and cared for me a lot who proposed me for marriage as well but I never had any feelings for him more than as a friend. There is a third option I'd like to suggest and that is to not move forward with either option.
A: Your jealousy toward your sister is certainly understandable given your ex-boyfriend's attraction to her, but your intense jealousy is misplaced. Feeling hurt and betrayed after a breakup is normal, and the fact that your boyfriend broke up with you via text doesn't say much about his character.A  When you feel the jealousy toward your sister coming up, identify it for what it is -- hurt and fear. I'm just tired of feeling so alone all the time, I mean it used to not bother me as bad but now that I'm getting older it really has taken a toll on me. Thank you for listening and really do hope you respond, because the truth is this is my only hope. I'm curious about your comment, "I hate it when people have sympathy for me." Sympathy and empathy are ways that people express love and concern for you, which is what we all ultimately want and need. It's hard to believe, but your life can get better and you can have meaningful relationships, but the first step is to let someone in your life know about your pain and ask them for help. If someone handed you a magic wand and said, a€?We have really failed in the way the government of the United States of America operates and we are now empowering you to make any changes you desire to make this government operate more efficiently and better,a€? what major changes, if any, would you make? Historically people who climbed to the top have chosen two ways, basically, to govern others -- with some form of absolutism or constitutionalism. However, the individual, although created to live individually and freely, is always subject to law, and true freedom is always exercised only as one lives obediently under law. In the 17th century crisis and the need for rebuilding after the Thirty Yearsa€™ War led to the push for absolutism. And so, after the Thirty Yearsa€™ War (1618-1648) religious identity and commitment led to a new sense of nationalism based upon a nationa€™s major religious beliefs. This was the case also in Germany, even though the Treaty of Westphalia had set back the formation of a unified state in Germany.
Monarchies developed throughout Europe, some ruling over small domains, and others, like the Habsburgs, Tudors, and Bourbons, over vast empires.
Obstacles to Nation Building: Building a centralized government in most a€?nationsa€? (the word was not yet coined nor widely comprehended) was faced with numerous obstacles, not the least of which was the fact that in most countries people spoke numerous dialects, making nation-wide communication very difficult.
Absolute rulers overcame these obstacles by building armies, bureaucracies, and using the force of the army to mold the people into one body. Frequent wars and the cost of maintaining large armies: Large armies were needed to impose the monarcha€™s will and to expand the borders. Popular Uprisings: As food shortages and taxes increased, and frequent wars created havoc, poverty, and death, people began to revolt. In attempting to deal with these problems, monarchs turned to either absolutism or constitutionalism to form effective governments. Government functions are guided by the dictates of the ruler and his or her lieutenants and not by established law.
The rules or laws are applied arbitrarily and seldom apply to those at the top, especially the monarch or emperor.
Problem solving is by issuing edicts and pronouncements, by creating more administrators, creating a larger bureaucracy, and levying heavier taxes on the people to pay for the expenses of the absolute ruler(s). Those governed have little participation in government, little input into law-making (unless through protests and demonstrations), and have to simply yield and be satisfied with what is handed to them from the absolute ruler and the top. Constitutionalism or Peoplea€™s Law is a form of government that acknowledges that certain inalienable rights are possessed by both those who govern and by those who are governed.
Peoplea€™s Law was introduced into England by Alfred the Great in the late 9th century A.D.
In Peoplea€™s Law or Constitutionalism all power is contained within the Constitution, a written contract that all people agree to embrace and to live cooperatively under, either in a monarchy or in a republic. All functions of government are from the people upward through their elected representatives. Government control is exercised through written laws which have their basis in the written constitution.
Government functions as a process guided by established law, which reflects the will of the people and applies to everyone, even to those who govern. Transferring power is carried out by either heredity (in a monarchy or empire) or by popular vote (in a republic), with a peaceful transition from one ruler or set of elected representatives to another.
The people are viewed as the foundation of the government, those with the power to elect to office the representatives of their choosing and if in a monarchy the ruler remains enthroned at the will of the people. All citizens have the right to participate in voting, no matter their social and economic class (although admittedly it took some nations a long time to grant suffrage to all adults, whether male or female, and whether property owners or not!).
The land is viewed as the property of the people collectively, who exercise their inalienable right to own personal property and to use their personal property as they see fit. The processes of government are for the most part carried out by the representatives who have been chosen by the people to represent their best interests and to preserve and uphold the Constitution. Problem solving is carried out by elected representatives and officials appointed by those elected representatives. When a problem occurs or a major issue must be decided, the will of the people is protected by a Constitution and requires that they be allowed to express that will through special votes or referendums. Those governed are given every opportunity for upward mobility through personal initiative and hard work.
Another major issue that separates absolutism from constitutionalism is this: are individual rights a€?awardeda€? by a ruler or are they possessed innately as a person created in Goda€™s image? Under Absolutism individual rights and freedoms are viewed as a€?rewardsa€? that the ruler gives out to whomever he or she arbitrarily selects. Under Constitutionalism individual rights and freedoms are viewed as innate possessions of all people.
After the religious wars in France, which pitted Catholics against Huguenots, Henry IV (1553-1610) took the French throne after the death of Henry III, and demonstrated to the French that a strong central government offered many advantages. In 1572, as Duke of Navarre, Henry married a Catholic princess, Margaret of Valois, daughter of King Francis I and Catherine de Medici.
When Margareta€™s brother, King Henry III, was assassinated in 1589, Henry, now king of Navarre, was by heredity next in line to become king of France. Henry IV was the first in the line of the Bourbon kings of France, which included Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII (wea€™ll find out in a later unit what happened to Louis XVII), and Charles X. With the ascension to the throne of Louis XIII upon the death of Henry IV in 1610, the Bourbon kings practiced an absolutism balanced with a precarious arrangement with the French nobility.
Now as king of France, Henry IV, with strong Calvinist ties through his mother, Jeanne, Queen of Navarre, took the important step of proclaiming the Edict of Nantes in 1598, almost as a statement, a€?Ia€™ve become a Catholic in order to rule as king but Ia€™ll grant freedom to my Huguenot friends, now that I have the power to do so.a€? The Edict of Nantes granted religious liberty to the Huguenots.
Richelieu championed the concept of absolutism in government and is known as the Father of Absolutism.
Using new and expanded powers under the regency of Richelieu the central government took the eyes of the people off of problems at home (hunger, inflation, an unresponsive and a€?distanta€? government) by expanding war against the Habsburgs in Austria and Germany, foes who Cardinal Richelieu hated.
Later, when Louis XIV attempted to bypass the unwritten agreement and impose taxes on the nobility to support his many war efforts, the nobility rose up in protest, maintained their traditional right to not be taxed, and forced the king to back down. Louis XIV held firm to a belief in the doctrine of the divine rights of kings, as did his father, Louis XIII.
He also ended religious toleration and in 1685 revoked his grandfather Henrya€™s Edict of Nantes. His rationale for revoking the Edict was the earlier agreement reached at the Peace of Augsburg in 1530 which established that the religion of the ruler would be the religion of the state. The wars of Louis XIV were based upon his belief that in order to increase Francea€™s sovereignty he needed to expand its borders, especially in areas where the people were French by language and culture. Wars were fought by the French with other European nations for more than 50% of Louis XIVa€™s reign.
Louis XIV was also known as a€?the Sun Kinga€? because during his reign French culture, French dress, French architecture, and the French language enjoyed a hegemony in Europe. Colbert (1619-1683) was the Controller General of Finance under Louis XIV and believed strongly that the wealth of the state should fund the central government. Colbert believed this was crucially important to financially maintain Francea€™s military power and its European hegemony (the dominance of French language and culture throughout Europe). In French mercantilism, the principle was also established that through a controlled economy the nation would base its financial stability on the accumulation of gold. Under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Spain developed an absolute monarchy after the struggle to expel the Muslim Moors from Spain was completed in 1492. Furthermore, a strong military was necessary to preserve Spaina€™s presence in the New World, opened initially by the Spanish-sponsored journey of Christopher Columbus in 1492. The development of their colonies and the new wealth in gold and silver in the New World further aided the absolutism in Spain.
By the beginning of the 18th century Spain was a weakened nation and never recovered to its 16th century glory.
England traditionally attempted to maintain a between the power of government and the rights and participation of the people. Against this notion was the long tradition introduced by Alfred the Great at the end of the 9th century which continued to loom in the thinking of the nobility and later the House of Commons.
Hence, the struggle between absolutism and constitutionalism in England began after the conquest by William of Normandy, continued during the reign of his descendants, and erupted in armed conflict at a confrontation at Runnymede in 1215 when the English nobles forced King John to sign the Magna Carta. Elizabeth also was able to use her commitment to the Protestant faith as a national rallying point against the Catholic mainland (France, Spain, the Habsburgs). Conrad Russell points out that on several occasions the House of Commons used petitions of grace to express their ideas about very important matters. James was angered by the petition, accusing the House of Commons of getting involved in matters than were reserved only for the king -- foreign policy and marriage of the king. Finally, Jamesa€™ response, due to the inability to reach an agreement, was to dismiss Parliament. Each of his three Stuart successors used the same tactic -- if Parliament digs in their heels on an important matter, just dismiss Parliament! These incidents are cited here simply to show how Parliament and the English monarchy interrelated.
The Stuart line created great furor in England because of their 1) increased commitment to the divine rights of kings, and 2) insistence upon absolutism. Henry maneuvered Parliament to declare the English Church free from Rome through the Act of Supremacy of 1534.
Son of Henrya€™s third wife, Jane Seymour, raised a Calvinist, aided the reformation in England, and maintained order during his brief reign. With the coronation of James I, the Tudor line of monarchs ended and the Stuart line began. James was totally committed to the idea of the divine right of kings and to the system of absolute rule.
When James was crowned King of England, the Puritan Reformers in England thought that at last they would be given new credibility and freedom in England. Charles succeeded his father, James, as king in 1625 and soon after married Princess Henrietta Maria, a daughter of King Henry IV of France and his wife Maria de Medici. After Parliament was called again into session in 1640, Charles was so angered on one occasion that he stormed into Parliament and attempted to arrest five members (they escaped out a back door!). By 1646 Charles knew that he would lose the war, and, rather than submitting to the English Parliament, fled to Scotland where he hoped they would provide him safety since he was the son of the former king of Scotland. In 1648 he was tried for treason by a High Court of Justice composed of 135 judges, with a quorum for any meeting set at 20 because of the difficulty of travel.
A main charge that was after a lull in the civil war and a prospect for peace, Charles renewed the conflict which ultimately, per Geoffrey Robertson, resulted in the death of one out of every ten English citizens. In the final address given by the lead prosecutor, it was emphasized that no king is above the law, that English law proceeds from Parliament and not the king, and that he had broken the covenant with the people he governed by declaring traitorous war on them. With that act, Parliament abolished the British monarchy and under Oliver Cromwella€™s leadership, created a republic, the Commonwealth of England. Cromwella€™s contributions during his ten years of leadership in Englanda€™s only experiment with a republic, the Commonwealth, also known as the Interregnum, were (1) by military action to wrap Ireland into a three kingdom Britain, together with Scotland and England, (2) impose (unsuccessfully) the Puritan and Presbyterian ethic, held by Cromwell and the majority of Parliament, on all England (try that one in your community and see what happens!), which included, among other things, banning gambling and bawdy theater performances, (3) granting religious freedom to a new Jewish population that had entered England, and (4) raising the level of creative arts, especially opera, to new heights.
After the death of Oliver Cromwell and the disintegration of the Commonwealth, Parliament restored the monarchy in 1660 and, because they were still locked into the pattern of hereditary succession, placed the son of Charles I on the throne, the dissolute and perhaps least capable and worthy man in England to serve as king, Charles II. After the death of his father and loss of a battle against Cromwell, Charles II fled to France and remained in Europe for 9 years until the death of Cromwell.
He also proclaimed a Declaration of Indulgence in 1672 granting religious freedom to Catholics and to Protestant dissenters (English Presbyterians, Baptists, and Independents who refused to practice Anglican worship). His short four-year reign was filled with struggle and conflict with Parliament, who, looking with great anxiety at the other absolute monarchies being established in Europe, determined that such would not be the case in England. Their fears also led to the passing of the Test Act of 1673 in which all military and government officials were required to take an oath in which they renounced the Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation (see Unit 17), use of relics, and to participate in the Lorda€™s Supper conducted by Anglican clergy. When James refused to take the vow, it became publicly known that while in France during the Interregnum he and his first wife had converted to Catholicism.
He further angered Parliament when he created a professional standing army, against English tradition to not maintain an army except in wartime, and when he exempted the soldiers from taking the vow of the Test Act. James opened many leadership positions to Catholics in government, issued an edict condemning Presbyterians to death in Scotland, and generally favoring Catholics in England. When Parliament opposed him in 1685, like his Stuart predecessors, he simply dissolved Parliament.
With that, a group of English nobles approached William III of Orange in 1688 to invade England and overthrow James. The Revolution was complete, no blood was shed, absolutism was at last defeated, and the last Catholic monarch of England was banished to France. Within the next year, William III and his wife Mary II, eldest daughter of James, were crowned as co-monarchs of Britain. William III outlived his wife, Mary II, and after her death in 1692 ruled alone as king until his death in 1702.
The House of Hanover (cousins of the Stuarts in Germany) succeeded the Stuarts on the throne. In addition to abolishing absolute rule in England, the most important document that came out of the Glorious Revolution of 1688 was the English Bill of Rights. This was a revolutionary concept following centuries of feudalism and absolute rule, not only in Europe, but virtually everywhere on earth.
The king could not suspend laws nor levy new or additional taxes without the consent of the Parliament. Parliament was to convene regularly (it had not met for eleven years under Charles I had been and dissolved by all of the Stuarts through James II).
The English Bill of Rights laid the foundation for many of the principles that were included in the American Bill of Rights that were amended to the U.S. The struggle between Absolutism and Constitutionalism was at the heart of the American War for Independence, the French Revolution, the overthrow of Communism in Eastern Europe and Russia, and continues to rage today in Yemen, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and Syria. The biblical concept views man as having been created in the image of God and has a right, therefore, to certain freedoms that no other person has a right to quench, whether a king or queen or any other authority. These God-given freedoms according to the American Bill of Rights include the freedom of speech, freedom to own property, the right to earn a living in whatever way a person deems best under law, and the right to spend that money in whatever way the individual chooses, under law; the right to vote, the right to a fair trial by a jury of onea€™s peers, the right to own and bear arms, the right to be eligible to be elected to office, the freedom to believe and worship as one chooses, the freedom of speech and assembly, and the freedom to petition. What does it mean for a person to live out freely their God-given rights, but always under Goda€™s law? How could the concept of the divine rights of kings be interpreted and practiced in such a way as to lead to guaranteed personal freedoms?
What basic biblical doctrine about who and what a king or queen is in their nature that would tend to lead to constitutionalism? What were several items that are missing from the English Bill of Rights that you would have thought would have been included? Why does the English Bill of Rights seem to have been slanted so heavily in favor of Protestants? What caution does this raise for us as we (1) interpret what has happened in history, (2) how we should interpret the actions of current governments, and (3) how this should influence how we behave individually today? What is the English tradition that resulted in New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island refusing to ratify the newly proposed U. Prior to 1549 each of the seventeen states had their own sets of law, their own judicial system, and otherwise made it difficult to administer them piecemeal.


This, and other administrative decisions made by the emperor, led to the Dutch revolt in 1568 against what they perceived to be political and religious tyranny. In 1571 the seventeen states formed the Union of Utrecht and in 1589 declared themselves to be independent of Spain.
After several other attempts to move under the oversight of other European monarchs, including for a brief time, Elizabeth I of England, the Dutch proclaimed the independent Dutch Republic. The Republic endured until 1795 when the Netherlands was overrun by the French forces of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Republic provided the groundwork for the Golden Age of the Netherlands in the 16th century, when free enterprise enabled the Dutch to become the leading merchant fleet in Europe, to found and oversea a vast colonial network in North America, the Dutch West Indies, and the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia). Absolutism is grasping all power within a nation -- politically, economically, militarily, religiously -- and placing it totally in the hands of a ruler or group of rulers. Constitutionalism is placing all power within a nation under a written constitution that sets limits and boundaries on the exercise of power.
In a Constitutional Monarchy power is shared by the democratically elected parliament either with or without a monarch, with the greater power lying with the parliament. Mercantilism is a form of economics wherein the central government controls the national economy through regulating the rate and type of production, the price of goods, tariffs, and seeks to have exports always outperform imports.
Empires developed as monarchs sought to control overseas colonies in order to (1) gain natural resources demanded by society and needed for industrialization, (2) gain greater agricultural areas to feed their populations, (3) obtain new areas to export a growing population of farmers, managers, and military to protect them, and (4) to bolster national prestige and pride. The diagram below attempts to depict the differences between the two major forms of government that arose, ABSOLUTISM and CONSTITUTIONALISM, the two contrasting methods of governing. The Ottoman Empire is discussed more fully in Unit 8, a€?Islam.a€? The Ottomans were ruled by an absolute ruler, the Sultan or Caliph. At various times there were several caliphs in existence at the same time, causing great rivalries to exist. The Thirty Yearsa€™ War (1618-1648) devastated so much of Germany, Hungary, and Poland, so depleted the economies of most nations in both West and East, and resulted in the loss of so many people, that central, authoritarian governments seemed to be the only hope for survival. Serfdom: The existence of serfdom in Eastern Europe, as a remnant of centuries of feudalism, enabled the nobility to gain almost total control over the common people. Results of the Thirty Years War: The Peace of Westphalia in 1648 brought an end to religious wars in Europe. Rise of Austria and Prussia: Absolutism took different forms in Austria and Prussia, but the existence of almost continual warfare in their territories enabled leaders in both countries to increase their power. Austrian Habsburgs in German territories: The Habsburg emperors worked hard to keep their multi-ethnic empire together, with preference and priority always given to those who were German speakers.
Austrian Habsburgs in Hungary and Bohemia: The Habsburgs fought and defeated the Ottoman Turks for control of Hungary and by 1648 controlled most of Hungary. Prussia: Prior to the Thirty Years War the noble land owners gained the dominant power in Prussia, but as a result of the war they lost holdings, wealth, and power. Prussia, the Sparta of Europe: Frederick William built the most professional army in Europe, introduced a military mentality throughout the three provinces, created a strong central bureaucracy, and controlled the nation by military might -- creating the Sparta of Europe. Russia: The Huns ran roughshod over Russia for several hundred years, leaving behind not only fear and disruption but many descendants. Peter Romanov (Peter the Great) opened the window and doors of Russia to the rest of Europe.
The Ottoman Empire: By the middle of the 16th century the Ottomans controlled the worlda€™s largest empire in total geographic territory. By 1529 the Ottomans had conquered most of Hungary and viewed the Austrian Empire as a threat to their new territories in Eastern Europe. In 1683 the Ottomans laid siege a second time to Vienna, cutting off all supplies into the city for two months. After the defeat in 1683, the Ottomans began a long process of withdrawal from Eastern Europe because of inefficiency in government, and because of the frequent rebellions within its occupied countries. Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: In spite of the heavy taxation of Christians and Jews, the Ottomans allowed local leaders to govern their own locales. 1542 King James V of Scotland dies, 9 mos old daughter, Mary, becomes Queen Regnant, married to future king of France, Dauphin Francis, in 1558.
1588 -- Spanish Armada -- Philip determined to make Elizabeth and England pay for Henrya€™s offense against Catharine of Aragon, for treatment when husband of deceased Mary I, for Elizabetha€™s spurning of his marriage offer, and for her aiding the rebels in the Netherlands.
1685-1688 -- James II of England and VII of Scotland (1685-1688) (continued to claim the English and Scottish thrones after his deposition in 1688 until his death in 1701).
The English Bill of Rights laid the foundation for the American Constitution and the Bill of Rights. In the 16th and 17th centuries the Protestant Reformation led to a deepened sense of nation and nationhood, often based upon religious commitment. The Thirty Yearsa€™ War (1618-1648) tore Europe apart, but it solidified the sense of nationhood and religious identity. Monarchies developed in most European regions, replacing feudal lords, some ruling over small domains, and others, like the Habsburgs, Tudors, and Bourbons, and the Spanish crown over vast empires.
The Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 greatly hindered the rise of nationalism in Germany, resulting in a sectionalism containing up to 132 independent states, each led by an independent ruler.
Due to the expanding size and complications that developed in managing their territories, most of the new rulers turned to absolutism as a means of governing.
Cardinal Richelieu, regent for the young Louis XIII of France, is known as the Father of Absolutism.
Absolutism led to heightened nationalism and this, in turn, to a quest to expand borders, usually into areas where the people spoke the same language and were members of the same culture. France, Spain, Russia, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire developed absolute monarchies in the 16th and 17th centuries. In Great Britain the reign of the Tudors and Stuarts illustrate clearly the struggle between absolutism and constitutionalism, beginning with the Magna Carta of 1215, the Glorious Revolution of 1688, and the English Bill of Rights of 1688. The coronation of William of the Netherlands and his wife, Mary, as co-monarchs of England in 1689, England established a Parliamentary government that limited the powers of the monarchy in government.
The Fathers of the new United States of America rejected a limited monarchy when framing the new Constitution and established a constitutional republic. List from memory the list of the Tudor and the Stuart kings and queens of England and identify (1) their governing philosophy, whether absolute or constitutional, and (2) their religious loyalty, whether Protestant or Roman Catholic.
List from memory the list of the Bourbon line of kings and queens of France from Henry IV to Louis XVI and identify their unique contributions to the development of France.
Describe the causes and outcomes of the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) and the decisions of the Treaty of Westphalia (1648) and its impact on shaping Europe. Compare and contrast the two styles of governing used in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries -- absolutism and constitutional republicanism. Discuss in a written essay the history of individual freedom in England from Queen Elizabeth I to William and Mary. Discuss in a written essay how the United States of America would be greatly different today if France had gained victory in Seven Yearsa€™ War between France and England in North America, based upon what you know about conditions in France and England in the 16th and 17th centuries.
There is to be a thesis statement which you will a€?provea€? or a€?establisha€? in your essay. It was a blues number, a€?Save Me for Latera€? on her album, Me a€™n Mabel, that first worked its magic for me. Suzie has become recognized as an accomplished blues singer and guitarist, but she has many ways to seduce a listener.
Suzie would gravitate toward music as a kid a€” singing along to an ever-present flow of mainstream radio tunes would make her feel good a€” but becoming a musician was not a conscious thing. Her parents had what looked like a cool record collection, but the stereo was broken throughout her childhood. The sole parental musical influence occurred when her father listened to country music in the car. By age 11, she also was playing saxophone in her grade-school concert band and singing in the chorus. While Suzie continued to explore other instruments, the guitar, in combination with her voice, got her noticed.
When she was in fourth grade, her teacher called the principal into her class and had Suzie sing a€?Country Roadsa€? for him and the class. She remembers at age 11 or 12, taking her allowance a€” she might have done a tiny bit of baby-sitting to add to her spending money a€” and going down to the Sears in downtown Saskatoon and plunking down $14 to buy her first album, Supertrampa€™s Breakfast in America. When she got a little older, she got her own small record player and would sing and play along with records alone down in the basement, her voice bouncing off of the faux paneling. I conjectured that playing the bass gave her a better sense of lower notes or the a€?bottoma€? in her guitar playing. In addition, she had discovered the Saturday jams at a blues bar, Buda€™s on Broadway, in Saskatoon. Over the years, Suzie has studied with a number of people and works today with a vocal coach when she can because therea€™s always something to learn. Fresh out of high school, Suzie attended the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon for a year. At one of Tonya€™s shows, her brothera€™s friend introduced her to the man she would marry about five years later. She made some musical connections, did some gigs, and then got a full-time job working for Marty Simon, a film composer. Suzie also worked in other musical side projects to pay the bills, providing bass and lead and backing vocals. Betty & the Bobs is a 7-piece variety-show type band which plays quirky music that its members wouldna€™t play in other projects. Suzie did solo gigs with guitar all through the years with Rick and the other groups, and is now predominately a solo artist. 33 Stars, released in 2002, has a pop feel.while Happy Here, released in 2008, is rootsier.
Her most recent album, Live at Bluesville (2012), came about when a radio interview turned into a recording session.
Although her parentsa€™ record player didna€™t contribute to to her development, her brother had a stereo that could crank out the decibels and he allowed her to listen to records on that. Fresh out of high school, Suzie attended the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon for a year.A  She was in a general arts study program, which included drama and music theory. In between gigs, she worked the counter in a gas station, baby-sat and did other part-time work, such as helping an accountant with income tax preparation and cleaning houses. In 1993, a serendipitous crossing of paths in Toronto proved very rewarding.A  Influential Canadian roots music DJ Chopper McKinnon met accomplished blues player Rick Fines for a beer.
The annual Friday afternoon Emerging Artists Showcase, always eagerly anticipated, ran into rough weather. The author, having gotten drenched twice while dealing with canopy leaks, disgustedly waited it out inside his car, trying to dry off. Tom, the guitarist, and John, the bassist, remained behind me, helping to drive the song on its merry way. Many months later, I would sit down to dinner with the group and learn how they formed and grew together. She also got involved in musical theater which led to studying and teaching theater, and later, a career in creative education. One exchange captures the disconnect between where he was and what the world was offering: a€?I got one call back from a high school teaching position in religion that did not require a mastera€™s.
Although he says it was a a€?horrible job,a€? it gave him access to the very first personal computer-based digital audio editing system.
When he got there, he got hired by Digidesign, the developer of Protools, to support their sales team. Mark needed something steadier with benefits, so he worked in house first at Sega of America and then at Crystal Dynamics.
At a concert at The House of Blues, Mark and Beth saw David Lindley playing a€?lap slide reggae on somethinga€¦ it had eight strings.a€? It sounded amazing and they were both mesmerized.
When Mark got home from work and saw it, he thought, a€?God thata€™s wonderful!a€¦ Now I have to learn how to play this thing.a€? He picked up a copy of Rise Up Singing. One frequent visitor to the market was Jim Meigs, editor for Popular Mechanics and a blues harpist. He was playing in a cover band and, as a change of pace, was looking for a country band to play with. That went well, and when the banda€™s second CD New Amsterdam was almost done (the first was an EP called In Spite of the Devil), and something was missing, John suggested that Rik come and add some lap steel. Beth sums up the banda€™s spirit in her own terms: a€?Filling our home with music and singing alongside my husband has been a beautiful gift, enriching our relationship tenfold.
The annual Friday afternoon Emerging Artists Showcase, always eagerly anticipated, ran into rough weather.A  Torrential downpours almost completely washed the audience off the hill. Although he says it was a a€?horrible job,a€?A  it gave him access to the very first personal computer-based digital audio editing system. Mark had gotten burned out on music during his time in the digital game business and didna€™t go near it for a long time.
Taylor of the First Council of the Seventy, I was asked if I wanted to go to New Zealand, being as that was where my Mother had been made a convert to the Church and had lived all her growing years until she was about twenty one years old.
Moss got a little tired of their conduct also, for she reached over and slapped one of the women on the arm who was doing most of the talking and said, a€?Shut up!a€? She told them if they would just listen to me I could explain everything. She had a sister who had been at her home a couple of times when we were there teaching them.
Button asked me when I entered with Elder Crandall was, a€?If I should decide I wanted to join your church and asked to, would I have to deny all the spiritual experiences I have had?a€? My answer to her was, a€?Our Church was founded on revelation, which in, and of itself, is a highly spiritual experience.a€? That seemed to strike her very pleasantly and that night we started a very congenial, friendly relationship.
Lyle Wynn came in to take my place as District President, and I left along with Elder Sorenson who was transferred with me.
Button: As a young girl she met her husband while in a seminary studying for the ministry of the Methodist Church. Button and her membership in the Church: Each year for two or three years she would lock up her office and go up to Salt Lake to do Temple work and research in genealogy. 1787 a€“ Thomas Buck applied for 400 acres including an improvement (house or barn) on the south side of Raystown Branch of the Juniata River on both sides of Brush Creek, adjoining Alisona€™s Survey, in Providence.
1789 a€“ Thomas Buck applied for 100 acres on the southeast side of Warrior Ridge, adjoining a survey of James Hunter on the north and by a survey of Barnard Dougherty esq. And since the times have got so hard in the West I am glad I did not go, but I will come and see you all yet if all goes right but I can't say when. John Buck told me I could write a piece in his letter and I am very thankful to write with him as we have not your address. I would have answered before now but was still thinking of being closer to you before this time but am about fixing to move back again to the old home place in Pennsylvania. I have had work all winter in a wholesale house where it is heated with gas, as warm as wood care. With a little over four hours before their tour time, the Bob-Whites and their chaperones toured the USS Arizona Museum, wandering through the exhibits, gazing at the photographs and memorabilia, and reading with due solemnity, the stories that graced the walls.
While I can give you suggestions to try and change your behavior, it's important to recognize that overcoming eating disordered behavior is much more than controlling your actions.
Consider that your symptoms may be signaling that it's time to shift from doing things on your own to learning to ask for and accept help.
You may find the book Mindful Eating and the workbook Overcoming Bulimia helpful in gaining awareness of the emotional and psychological roots of your behavior.
While your symptoms do sound a lot like adult ADD, ita€™s important to determine whether you experienced these symptoms during childhood or whether they are new.
Depression or anxiety disorders often emerge in young adulthood and symptoms are similar to what you're describing - difficulty concentrating, irritability, lack of motivation. An evaluation will provide a clear diagnosis andA suggest course of treatment to help you manage your symptoms.A Your doctor will likely recommend medication or psychotherapy, or a combination of both.
I think this may be due to a subconscious anxiety or something, because I don't actually feel afraid. Before your next presentation make sure you're well prepared, have enough sleep, avoid caffeine and try deep breathing exercises. I defending myself by saying that I go to a high school in New York and I can't be how I was in middle school; a pushover, shy, anti-social, but now it's time to confront my friends. My sister always tends to agree with my "friends" instead of me and Carrie, she thinks I changed because I have more "attitude". I hear that you're feeling really alone and you're trying to make sense of the feedback your sister and your friends are giving you. You don't want to be a pushover like you used to be, so you're trying to take a stronger stand. Ask your parent, your school counselor, or other trusted adult to help you find someone to talk to coach you through these relationship struggles. I don't even know how to act in a relationship because I usually push the other person away in fear that once they get to know me they'll leave me, so I leave first. I'm glad that you are reaching out for help with your confusing and painful emotions and trying to figure out what to do to feel better.A  I agree with you and with your doctor.
The good news is that treatment is available and can be very effective, but it will take a long-term commitment to healing on your part. She blew off how I was upset about my parents and my hair falling out due too PCOS and being diabetic. It's not uncommon for adolescents to love and hate their parents at the same time when they feel invalidated or misunderstood. Self-injury, suicide attempts and failing grades are all signs that you need professional help as soon as possible.
Your family can learn new ways of relating with each other and dealing with conflict, and healthier ways to manage emotions. A family therapist can help you and your parents understand what's going on below the surface for you, and help you understand your parents' fears and intentions. I'm guessing that you might even feel like you'll never have your love and safety needs met in relationships.
It is likely that your current pattern with lovers is an extension of an earlier pattern where you experienced yourself as undeserving of love and nurturing and you internalized feelings of shame ("I'm bad"). In order to figure out why this fantasy relationship has such a hold on you, I urge you to dig deeper and discover what this celebrity represents to you, emotionally and relationally. When they do I recommend framing them in a non-judgmental way that includes identifying what the desires are really about. Since I don't, please consider seeking a counselor to help you get to the emotional root of your obsession and begin to heal your unmet needs. I have been seeing my psychiatrist for three years now and approximately one year ago, I started seeing him weekly for therapy sessions as well as med management. I can feel how much you respect your psychiatrist and how meaningful it has been to you to have a safe place to share your deepest thoughts, feelings, and experiences.A  As you said, it is not uncommon to have sexual feelings toward your psychotherapist, especially if this is the first time you've felt emotionally safe and nurtured by a male. It sounds like he has proven to be very skilled, professional, and helpful to you in your therapy so far, so hold on to your positive experiences with him in order to muster up the courage to bring up your feelings in an upcoming session. I feel nothing on a regular basis.A  For example if I got a call saying that my mother died, I don't think I would even cry. I'm irritable beyond belief.A  If someone asks me to do something I get pissed for them even asking me. I bite my fingers all the time, not just the nails, but the skin around it.A  After searching the internet I found over-focused ADHD which I believe I fit all the symptoms of. Sometimes I get stuck on negative thoughts and experiences.A  For example, if I call a friend and they don't answer I immediately think they are ignoring me and go into a downward spiral of depression until I hear back from them. Ask them to take you to a psychotherapist or psychiatrist to get a mental health evaluation. I end up snapping at everyone or not dealing with normal issues, because I feel so overwhelmed. Help?A  I'm afraid of losing my son to his illness, my husband because of the difficulties with son, and my sanity in it all. You've hung in there a long time with your son's illness and it sounds like it's wearing you down emotionally. Since you already have a relationship with your son's therapist, he or she may be an excellent referral source for additional support services.
If you're feeling overwhelmed by my suggestions, ask your husband to help you research additional services to help your family during this time of crisis. I'm from India and 26 old.A  As typical orthodox family in India my parents started seeing for marriage proposals. While I am unfamiliar with the cultural norms of arranged marriages in India, I do know that it's painful to have a man you love choose to marry someone else.
Please take some time and figure out what you value most in your life and what you want in your relationships. I think that the real question is why would you choose to get back together with a guy who told you he had feelings your sister? Every time I got to school I get called fat, ugly, pig, horse face, I know I shouldn't let it bother me but it does. It is painful, especially during the teen years, to be excluded from peers and to feel on the outside of social events.A  I feel bad that you've been so mistreated by your peers. I know it feels like a huge risk, but the only way to help the loneliness is to let someone in and share your painful feelings with -- your parents, or a trusted teacher or school counselor. Countries were were emerging from feudalism, some had been impacted by the Black Plague, others had also experienced the Renaissance. This was the case with the early monarchies that arose in Europe in the 14th-16th centuries in Europe. Princes in Germany drew up their territorial boundaries because much was at stake, as provided for in the Peace of Augsburg (1530) and the Treaty of Westphalia (1648).
The treaty resulted in a sectionalism that produced up to 132 independent states, each led by an independent ruler. In addition, poor roads, poor transportation, and a zeal to hold on to traditional local power and local culture worked against unifying the people of several regions into a nation.
In many cities they resorted to armed uprisings and it was not until the late 17th century that the central governments were strong enough to deal effectively with the frequent uprisings among the populace. In response, people often reacted against absolutism by resorting to a€?No Law,a€? or Anarchy.
It makes possible the free expression and free exercise of those innate inalienable rights.
He was a student of biblical law and understood well the form of government given by God to Moses. The Constitution usually has a provision by which amendments can be added by a vote of the people. Where a person is born, with regard to poverty or social class, is not where they are forced to remain. They cannot be given out nor taken away by the ruler or the government because they are given by the Creator and not the king or emperor. He restored peace and order by personal example through his conversion from Calvinism to Catholicism. The nobility and the clergy in northern France, including Paris, strongly opposed the idea of a Protestant king. The nobles promised their continued support of the throne if the throne continued to hold them free from taxation.
His Catholic wife, Marie de Medici, a princess of Austria, appointed a regent, Catholic Cardinal Richelieu, to serve as regent for her young son, Louis XIII. Richelieu promoted the idea of limiting the strength of the nobility and expanding and strengthening the role of the bureaucracy (officials hired to do professional government work). But, in a compromise measure, the nobles left in place a strong monarchy -- just so long as it did not tax the nobility!
To increase his central power, Louis XIV centralized his government (1) by appointing intendants to govern for him in the various districts of France, (2) he kept the nobility powerless in government by refusing to call into session the Estates General (the parliament of France), and (3) he developed a widespread secret police by which he spread terror and fear. He became known as a€?the War King.a€? His war efforts plunged France into debt, required more and more taxation to pay the debt, and increased the poverty of the lower classes. The a€?suna€? of the French hegemony seemed to extend from east to west, wherever the sun rose and set. His major successes included 1) development of New World French colonies, 2) building up the French merchant fleet, 3) developing government-controlled industry, and 4) improving the process of tax collection.
Only a strong central government with a large, professional army could preserve the new freedom from Islam. His journey was not primarily a trip to find new lands, but to discover a westward route to the Spice Islands in the Pacific.
The problem that continually checked the growth of constitutionalism in England was the concept held by the Tudor and Stuart dynasties was the divine right of kings. The nobility and common people continually had recall to days when a just legal system prevailed and the ideas and opinions of all the people mattered.
Concerning the execution of Mary, for example, she was twice petitioned to sign a death warrant for Mary.
She added the Dutch in their 80 year war for independence from Spain, and the failed Spanish Armada of 1588 simply rallied the people behind their queen.
To illustrate, consider how the House of Commons was expected to bring their requests and ideas to the attention of the king or queen. Sir Edward Coke, member of Parliament, is quoted as having commented to King James I, a€?I hope that everyone who saith, our Father, which are in heaven, does not prescribe God Almighty what he should do so do we speak of these things as petitioners to his Majesty, and not as prescribers, etc.a€? (Conrad Russell, Unrevolutionary England, 1603-1642, Continuum International Publishing Group, 1990, p.
These were issued with more a tone of, a€?We are the House of Commons and this is what we think you should do. In 1586 both the House of Lords and House of Commons petitioned Queen Elizabeth to sign the order for the execution of her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scotland for her reported involvement in plans to assassinate Elizabeth. He seemed to carry a chip on his shoulder, always alert to any hints of the Parliament moving into his kingly rights.
Allow him to impose current taxes and tariffs to take care of current debt but no more in the future. Constitutionalism was certainly not at work in England during the Tudor dynasty and through the reigns of James I and Charles I. Today the queen of England is officially head of the Church of England and head of Great Britain, but her powers are very limited. In 1455 a series of wars were fought between two rival branches of the dynasty, the House of York (symbolized by a white rose) and the House of Lancaster (red rose).
Elizabeth allowed a high degree of religious freedom in England during her reign, even though she was aware of the constant attempts by Catholic monarchs in Europe to have her deposed and Cathholicism re established in England.
James became infant King James VI of Scotland after his mother, Mary, Queen of Scotland, was banished from Presbyterian Scotland for her Catholic faith and the intrigue resulting from the death of her husband. Their oldest daughter, Mary, was married at 9 to the Prince of Orange in the Netherlands, and subsequently became mother of William III, Prince of Orange who became King of England following the Glorious Revolution of 1688. The High Court was composed of member of the House of Commons, without the consent of the House of Lords. As Goda€™s appointed absolute king, he refused to acknowledge their authority over him and concluded his comments with, a€?. In 1660 he was invited by Parliament to return to England and they composed all documents to make it appear that Charles had succeeded his father in 1649, as though the republican Commonwealth had never existed! He conducted war against the Netherlands and entered into a secret treaty with his first cousin, King Louis XIV of France. Parliament forced him to rescind the Declaration, viewing it as a Roman plot to return England to Catholicism. With that, Charles dissolved Parliament and for four years until his death in 1685 ruled England alone as absolute king. He was (1) pro-French, (2) pro-Catholic, (3) was himself a Catholic, and (4) his announced plans to establish an absolute monarchy.
He created the army to protect him from rebellions after having to put down two rebellions in Scotland and southern England.
In 1687 he unilaterally issued the Declaration for the Liberty of Conscience, which called for religious freedom for Catholics and Protestant nonconformists.
The wife of William was Jamesa€™ oldest daughter, Mary, a staunch Calvinist, as was William. The basic premise of the Bill of Rights was the following: everyone, from the poorest beggar in the street to the richest merchant, from a child in school to members of nobility, lords, military officers, judges, monarchs, all have certain basic rights that are guaranteed. But this freedom is limited in the sense that the freedom of the individual is always to be carried out while living under the law of God.
In 1549 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, issued the Pragmatic Sanction, which solidified the Empirea€™s control over the seventeen states comprising the Netherlands. From the viewpoint of the seventeen states, however, this was the imposition of a level of control that threatened their independence. The major causes for the revolt also included persecution of the Calvinist majority as heretics by the Catholic Phillip II, removal of institutions of governance practiced by the states for generations, and the imposition of high taxes. A chief ally of William was Elizabeth I of England who supplied men, weapons, and financing to the Calvinist cause. In 1582 they took the strange, but politically astute move of inviting Francis, duke of Anjou in France, son of King Henry II of France.
Each province was managed by its own representative assembly and each province elected representatives to sit in the general assembly of the united provinces. While the monarch ruled supreme, there were certain limitations placed upon his or her exercise of power, but this was a limited curtailment.
In the French version of mercantilism, it was also believed that a nations stockpile of gold was the basis for economic health. The one thwarts, squashes, and denies the inalienable rights of people and the other fosters, promotes, and grants those rights.
It produced a new more crushing in serfdom in Russia and the eastern portions of the Habsburg Empire, and the Ottoman Empire, and resulted in severe restrictions on travel, relocation, private ownership of land, and produced heavy taxation. It weakened the power of the Habsburg Empire in Vienna so that (1) it had to remain a confederation of multi-ethnic, multi-cultural states, (2) it gave former Habsburg territories to France and Sweden at the expense of Austria, and (3) made Calvinism a legal choice alongside Catholicism and Lutheranism throughout Europe, at least on paper if not always in fact. The Kaiser (Prussia) and the Emperor (Austria) gave almost total control over the peasants to the nobility in exchange for total loyalty of the nobles to the monarchy and their granting Kaiser and Emperor almost total freedom to raise taxes, raise professional armies, and conduct foreign affairs. They kept the empire together by a program of rewarding the nobility (with land, control over peasants, expanded trade rights) and imposing Catholicism on everyone in the southern German states where they still retained power. The nobility in Hungary proved a real problem because they resisted Austrian control, rebelled whenever possible, and as Calvinists resisted the attempts to impose Catholicism on them. The head of the Hohenzollern family (a traditional royal Prussian family), Frederick William (Wilhelm), came to power, took away the traditional representative rights of the nobility, and gained control over the three Prussian provinces in northern Germany. He controlled the nobility (a€?Junkersa€?) by placing in their hands the officer corps of the giant military machine.
Ivan the Terrible (not given that title because he was a nice guy!) was able to recapture Russian dominance away from the Huns, but was ruthless in his actions to gain absolute control.
Beginning with their capture of Constantinople in 1453, which was both a strategic victory -- opening eastern Europe to their campaigns and occupation -- as well as a victory giving to them great prestige.
This created a level of interaction between Muslims, Jews, and Christians not often experienced by Catholics and Protestants in the rest of Europe. Religious commitment gave weight to a new sense of nationalism based upon a state or nationa€™s major religious beliefs. Economic Minister Colbert who served under Louis XIV, is known as the Father of Mercantilism. England fought an ongoing struggle between the absolutist Stuarts and the non-absolutist Parliament. A brief Internet perusal reveals that Aphrodite had no musical skills and actually was a bit of a tramp. Situated midway between the east and west coasts, I thought that would make her the Canadian equivalent of a a€?Midwesterner.a€? She characterized it as more of a prairie environment, so a€?Ia€™m a a€?prairie girl,a€™a€? she said.
It was a large console that became more of a nice piece of furniture that they stored things in. She said that, a€?My voice was the first instrument that I got to play around with,a€? she said, a€?but I got bolder when I picked up the guitar.a€? It enabled her to accompany herself and she found a lot of cheerleaders among her teachers. She perceived that the other guitar player in the concert band had a better understanding of jazz chords needed to play in the large band repertoire.
While she didna€™t disagree, she felt, more importantly that it allowed her to a€?meter-map out how songs move chordally.a€? It was good for her ear, she added.
Her husband got a job in Toronto and they moved there in 1998, but the marriage ended shortly afterward. From her Wikipedia page, we learn Happy Here was a nominee for Roots & Traditional Album of the Year a€“ Solo at the 2009 Juno Awards.
He told Rick he shouldna€™t be sitting with him when he could go see the bass player at a different bar up the street. Spuyten Duyvil, our first Acoustic Live showcase act of the day, had been one of those acts in Fridaya€™s Emerging Artists Showcase. As the last strains of the blues harp finished the song, Mark swung back into the canopy to change his instrument for the next song. As soon as he saw Digidesigna€™s 24-track recording studio sitting empty all night, he quit his pre-med classes and ended up running their tech support department through the launch of Protools. He became chairman of the Interactive Audio Special Interest Group and helped in the development of standards for a whole lot of digital stuff that, described in a€?Markspeak,a€? is not easily translatable in this publication.
For a while it was just the four of them, on the porch, playing traditional songs and Marka€™s originals. Mark had gotten to know Lou, and knew that he wouldna€™t join unless he could a€?cut it.a€? Loua€™s ability to soften the sound to fit the banda€™s concept added the perfect touch.
Doing overdubs, without previous accompaniment on that instrument, Mark recalled, a€?he tore up this material.a€? Mark recalled saying, with a Cheshire cat grin, a€?This CD just got a whole lot better!a€? Along with Jima€™s Chicago blues harp, it helped to define what the band is about. Later that evening, the Friday night a€?Most Wanted Song Swapa€? was canceled due to wind-driven sheets of rain. As Beth explains it: a€?It wasna€™t until years laterA that we began to circle back to music again.
Moss to come out and get me to take me back to baptize them, back in Downey, I received a letter from Mrs. The reason is that the man that was to buy my farm, backed out and I had made sale on the 27th day of March and sold everything to come and then after that man backed out I was to sell to another man and his wife died just two days before the time was for us to start and that knocked me all wrong all that I had and the balance of the company before I could rent again. My wife has been sick nearly ever since we have been in Ohio and is not sadis ficte [sic satisfied] to go any farther west and she now has the agure [ague] and two of my children has got it and I have concluded to take them where the Agure seldom comes any more, that is in Pennsylvania where they was born.
The themometer was at one time 14 degrees below zero, that was perty cold, but they have had two feet of snow on the level back at our old home place this winter. Recovery also requires learning new skills to manage your thoughts and emotions, and learning to get comfort and soothing in relationships, instead of in food. If you do indeed have bulimia, your chances of recovery are higher if you seek help now instead of months or years down the road.
ADD is often associated with other mental health conditions as well, so there may be a combination of issues that you're struggling with. Make sure youa€™re taking care of your basic needs by getting adequate sleep, eating well, and engaging in regular recreation and exercise. I hope someone can help me before this issue gets me more depressed than I already am; dealing with the right university, and money issues.
I think I know the reason for that; I had a bad day and got into a fight and accidentally gave her an attitude. It's natural to feel guarded and to protect your feelings when you feel attacked and betrayed.
It may be difficult for your friends and sister to know how to handle the changes you're trying to make.
I never thought much of it because I just thought I was a normal teenage girl who liked to party a little too much, didn't really know who I was, and was sad & insecure sometimes. What you are describing does sounds like characteristics of Borderline Personality Disorder.
My parents refuse too believe anything is wrong with me and every day scream at me and break things as well as insult me about how useless I am and how I am always ruining their lives! It sounds like you and your parents aren't sure how to help you.A  My guess is that they're very scared and are trying to motivate you by grounding you from friends and threatening to take away privileges, which in turn makes you feel punished and hopeless.
The therapist can also help your parents learn options to support and motivate you other than putdowns and punishments, and can help you understand and express your deeper feelings and needs to your parents in a way that your parents are more likely to hear. The fact that your mom was willing to take you to therapy before is a sign that she recognizes that therapy can be valuable, and that is a good sign. While I don't know your history, I can guess that this pattern likely has roots in an important early relationship in which your needs for safety, love, and nurturing were not met, or where you were physically or emotionally abandoned, abused or neglected. Please seek psychotherapy to help you identify and resolve this painful pattern and discover how lovable you really are.
It sounds like in this fantasy love relationship you feel desired, special, treasured, accepted, and embraced by someone special -- the very things that we all long for and look for in our love relationships. Click on the Find Help above to find a psychotherapist in your area to help you move on from this celebrity obsession and find more satisfaction and fulfillment in reality. Coupled with the fact that I have so much self-hatred for myself, I fear that if I tell him about my feelings for him, that he will abandon me also.
Start slowly and start with sharing generalities, just like you've shared in your email to me.
Though I can't diagnose you without seeing you in person, I can tell you that what you are describing sounds to me like depression -- the empty feeling, the extreme irritability, and the difficulty finding a reason to live, social withdrawal, and negativity. I'm glad to know that your son is in therapy, and from what you're describing, it sounds like it is time for you to get some help.A  I suggest specifically being assessed for depression and anxiety.
Have you discussed with your son's therapist your need for specific skills to manage your son's behavior, or requested to include the family in the treatment process?A  If your son's therapist isn't comfortable with family therapy, ask if there are any recommended colleagues who work with marriage and family issues. I always wanted my life partner to be as a good friend and lover and I'm not sure whether my feelings would change towards him. If I'm understanding your question correctly, you're wondering if you should marry your "good friend" with the hope that romantic feelings develop, or if you should go ahead with the arranged marriage with to a man who doesn't treat you well. He said that he used to get a feeling when he was around my sister, but he doesn't get it anymore. I think you're pushing your sister away to avoid getting hurt again, but it's not going to work. I recommend that you focus less on your sister and more on building your own feelings of self-worth so you can feel deserving of a relationship with someone who wants to be with you. I've tried to make friends before but I'm probably what you could call a "outcast" I don't really fit in and it really does bug me. It gets so bad sometimes that I feel like just running to the bathroom and cry my eyes out. This was the case within the dynasties of China and with the tribal leadership in Meso-America, Africa, and the Pacific Islands. But it also gives a clear pattern for how the monarchy is to operate: (1) there must be law with justice, (2) the just law must apply to everyone, and (3) everyone, because created in the image of God, has certain God-given inalienable rights that no one is to seek to block or take away. These inalienable rights are guaranteed in a written constitution under which all people live.
He codified that system of law in his work Liber ex lege Moise (a€?The Book of the Law of Mosesa€?) c. Bartholomewa€™s Massacre, he was forced to quickly convert to Catholicism in order to save his life. They promoted his uncle, Charles, but after the death of Charles delayed finding a replacement. The marriage was subsequently annulled by the pope in 1599 after Henry IV conveniently converted to Catholicism in 1593 (confiding at the time to a friend, a€?Paris is worth a massa€?).
He even brought France into the Thirty Yearsa€™ War (1618-1648) on the side of the Protestants in an attempt to deal a death blow to fellow Catholics, the Austrian Habsburgs!
The French kings never were able to rule with a€?absolute absolutism.a€? A peace of sorts was delicately maintained by an agreement -- the nobility would support the monarch if the monarch did not levy taxes them. It is interesting how a peace treaty intended to settle religious conflict in Germany was used by Louis 150 years later to maintain absolutism in France and to crush the Huguenots! Further, the other European nations, tired of Louisa€™ bullying tactics, built alliances pitted against France and did much to isolate France from the rest of Europe, negatively impacting Francea€™s economy and trade.
The traditional routes from Spain to Asia were now jeopardized by Islamic navies in the Mediterranean.
If God set a king on the throne, then the common people, if they feared God, would do as the king commands -- or so the thinking went. His daughter, Mary, controlled a predominantly Protestant Parliament with the same tactics and over 400 persons, mainly Protestant ministers and leaders, were executed under her reign. Each time Elizabeth could not get herself to execute someone whom God had placed on a throne. Then the Catholics in England could be dealt with quietly with without causing a ruckus at home. A code of law was was established and a history of court decisions recorded, yet there was no one written document that could be call a legitimate constitution. His marriage to Catherine of Aragon and struggles for an annulment are discussed in Unit 17. Catherine was given funding and housing for life after her marriage to Henry was annulled by Pope Clement VII.


In that treaty Louis promised military support to Charles, and to pay him a pension, and in return, Charles promised to convert to Roman Catholicism.
Further fear in this regard broke out when it was discovered the Charlesa€™ brother James (and next in line as heir to become king!) was a Catholic!
When the Dutch forces landed in 1688 James succumbed to fear and did not oppose them, although his own army was superior in numbers. James chose the later, fled to Paris in 1688, and was given a pension for life and security by his cousin, Louis XIV. King George V changed the family name during World War I from Hanover to Windsor to avoid the reminder of their German ancestry.
Its independence was formally recognized by all of Europe in the Treaty of Westphalia of 1648. Basically, it merged all seventeen states, for the purpose of administration, into one entity, and established that in the future, all seventeen would pass as a unit to the next emperor. Through the terms of the Treaty of Westphalia four more bordering provinces were added to the original seven, bringing the total to eleven. Chart #2 reviews the history of the monarchy in England as it progressed from Absolutism to the passage of the English Bill of Rights and the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
The nobility (landowners) weakened the economic power of merchants (former serfs) in towns and cities by selling their agricultural goods directly to merchants in other countries, by-passing the local merchants. The emperor used his professional army to keep control in the southern German speaking areas. Charles VI arranged the acceptance of the Pragmatic Sanction which eliminated the traditional Salic Law in the empire and thus allowed his daughter, Maria Theresa, his only heir, who was to become, perhaps, the dominant female ruler of the era, to gain the throne in 1740. Surrounded by Russia to the north and the frequent invasions into Prussia by the Tartars (descendants of the Huns in Russia), Austria to the East, and France to the South, Frederick Wilhelm did not have to do much convincing of the population to show the necessity for a strong, absolutist monarchy.
After his death, Michael Romanov rose to power as the first hereditary ruler in Russia, establishing the Romanov family line that lasted on the Russian throne until 1918.
After suffering a humiliating defeat at the hands of Sweden in the early stages of the Great Northern War, Peter Romanov strengthened the economy, the army, and the central government.
Building a new capitol city from ground zero, he used the blood and sweat of serfs and forced cooperation by the nobles to build the city.
The Ottomans continued their movement westward into Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Albania, and even as far westward as Hungary. The city was defended by farmers, merchants, and other citizens, and by German and Spanish troops sent by the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V. The parliament of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth valued highly the trade relations they enjoyed with the Ottoman Empire and wanted nothing to harm that relationship. But if she could sing, with her seductive skills, it might produce the same effect that Suzie Vinnick does. Me a€™n Mabel (2011) shows Suziea€™s skills with just her and her Larrivee parlor guitar (christened Mabel as a result of a slip using the word a€?maplea€?). Since there was no bass in the orchestra, she asked her teacher if she could learn it and take that slot. She joined two female trios with different styles, Vinnick Sheppard Harte and The Marigolds.
Kinga€™s Bluesville station, basically said a€?Herea€™s our studio, go in and have some fun!a€? The result was a typical Suzie tour de force of vocal and guitar. Chopper knew that Suzie was playing bass for Back Alley Johna€™s band, which was in Toronto for a gig.
A band known for its boisterous spirit, theya€™d played before the remaining dozen or so diehards standing in the rain. Nevertheless, it was a joy making music with my soon-to-be husband.a€? While still living in California, Mark and Beth got married, with the ceremony taking place back in Brooklyn. However, the industry needed no translation and he received the first Lifetime Achievement Award from the Game Audio Guild. I learned how to play it and Beth and I did a lot of singing together.a€? Additionally, Mark found that playing the old traditional music in the book unlocked something in him and he started to write his own music.
After Steve left for California, Mark wanted to find another bassist, happened to be perusing the site and saw Johna€™s information and extended an invitation. Buck a visit now, so must bring these few lines to a close by asking you to please write soon as this reaches you.
Before this problem I was healthy and now I fear that all my hard work I have completed over the years to be a healthy person are going down the drain.
Even if you're not ready to openly share your struggle with them reaching out to a trusted loved one can delay the urge to engage in self-destructive behavior and provide you with emotional support. In addition to your evaluation and psychotherapy, you and your boyfriend may want to consider couples counseling to help repair any damage to your relationship. No matter what your diagnosis, all of these lifestyle choices will help you manage your symptoms and will contribute to your overall health and happiness. If the twitching continues, consult with your physician to rule out other medical conditions.
You see Martha and I are close friends and we had our share fights in the past, one fight includes me telling her a secret and her exposing it to everyone so, I had an issue with trusting her with things. The fact that you're in a time of transition and making big life decisions like schooling and finances is extremely stressful.
For the most part we usually fight because of me, I get these feelings and emotions that come out of no where and I freak out about. The fact that you are in your first relationship, and with someone you have a connection to is likely heightening your fears and insecurities, but is probably not causing them. I urge you to contact your doctor to get a referral to a therapist or to click the Find Help link at the top of this page and find a therapist who specializes in personality disorders and begin your journey of healing.
To find specific therapists in your area, please click the Find Help link at the top of this page.
I have seen this pattern in my clinical practice over and over again, so I want to reassure you that you are not alone in feeling stuck in a pattern of seeking unhealthy relationships.
Through psychotherapy you can work to resolve any childhood wounds or unhealthy patterns that are getting in the way of you giving and receiving love. I have lost myself, believing that we have many things in common, and that he really loves me even though we never meet. The problem isn't in wanting those things, but in holding on to a fantasy that will never really satisfy your needs instead of finding ways to get your emotional needs met in real-life relationships.
Thanks for letting me know that I still have some emotional healing to do when it comes to my male relationships.
You can share your feelings without sharing all of the details of your fantasies.A  The ability to work through your erotic feelings for your psychiatrist with him, and to experience his continued support and acceptance may allow you to reach a new level of healing. The good news is that there are several very effective treatments for depression, including cognitive behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and medication treatment.
The irritability, overwhelming feelings, and fears you're describing deserve attention and treatment. Also, ask your son's therapists for book recommendations about your son's specific struggles. A man who treats you poorly during courtship is likely to continue to mistreat you after marriage. You may want to consider continuing to date your "very good friend" nonexclusively and see if any deeper feelings develop, while you continue to meet other people. If this is happening at school, please reach out to a counselor or administrator so they can help put a stop to this cruel behavior and make sure that they keep your identity private so you don't have to suffer retaliation from peers. Please talk to your parents about your depression and ask them for help in finding a counselor in your area who works with adolescents.
Now the question arose, a€?How should we govern ourselves?a€? or to be more accurate, asked the question, a€?Now that we have fought our way to the top, how will we govern this country?a€? They had no patterns or role models to follow. The excitement of the discoveries in the Renaissance and explorations in the New World began to fade. If you lived two feet on the other side of the state line your were compelled to be a Catholic.
Full time, professional armies led to the frequent wars for expansion that characterized this period.
His marriage with Margaret was not a successful marriage, with both Henry and Margaret often separating and engaging in infidelity. Henry took that opportunity to wage war against the Catholic north in order to secure the crown. In 1600 Henry then married Marie de Medici, daughter of the Duke of Tuscany (Florence, Italy) and a devout Catholic. At the time most people simply identified themselves by the region or town in which they lived.
Mercantilism looked good on paper, but if no one in Europe will trade with France, the economy suffers greatly. Mercantilism is the philosophy and practice of a national economy that is controlled almost entirely by the central government.
Spain needed new income to replenish a bankrupt treasurer emptied by the struggle to defeat the Moors. But she used the strength of her personality and popular support among the people to wield great power over Parliament. But on the third occasion, the petition from Parliament was so strong and the rationale so convincing, the Elizabeth finally relented and issued the death warrant for Mary.
The issue also involved the kinga€™s right to levy taxes and tariffs to fund his expenses apart from Parliamenta€™s consent. If they gave one inch they would compromise their authority to control the funding of the monarchy. Parliament continued to exercise some degree of power because it possessed the purse strings.
As a sop, thrown in their direction with a view to pacifying them, but with an ulterior motive, James permitted them to publish a new English translation of the Bible. His frequent conflicts with Parliament resulted in his dissolving Parliament on three separate occasions when they did not yield to his wishes.
This greatly threatened the privileged position of the Church of England and furthered the resentment and opposition to his rule. However, the move notified Spain that any attempts to overthrow the move for independence would result in French involvement. Michael built a strong central government, opened relations with other European countries, expanded Russiaa€™s territory, developed a government bureaucracy, and created Russiaa€™s first professional army. The many ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups made the centralization of government difficult.
For instance, Jews and Christians were not permitted to ride horses, could not walk on the same side of the street as Muslims, were frequently forced to yield their 12-year old sons and daughters as slaves, and were generally treated as lower class people. Her previous album, Happy Here (2008), is lushly orchestrated and shows Suziea€™s ability with a torch song. I just liked the idea of singing songs off the radio.a€? She continued guitar lessons for two years, but there there were other instruments on her radar.
Her voice teacher, Naomi Freisen, was a classical singer but still appreciated the a€?Broadway beltera€? style and was able to help her with blues and rock a€™n roll. Tony played in a style similar to guitar greats Albert King, Freddie King and Stevie Ray Vaughn. He kept in touch and asked her to come out for a summer, saying that he had a bunch of gigs lined up. He told Suzie stories about the music business (some of them hair-raising, no doubt) and she learned a lot from him.
He told Suzie stories about the music business (some of them hair-raising, no doubt)A  and she learned a lot from him. I was fearful that the clouds signaled a trend, but Spuyten Duyvil had some magic up its sleeve. Wea€™ve uploaded a video of the song to YouTube, that shows the band playing for Alternate Root TV. He studied ethno-musicology and comparative religions but spent most of his time in the electronic music studio recording songs with his band, music for films and music for modern dance. He recalled that, a€?I had written hundreds of pieces of incidental music and two or three lame attempts at pop music while I was in college. These guys are really good!a€? Then, a€?Hey, they could really use harp on that song!a€? Then, a€?Wow! Archibald, was transfered into the Mission office, and Elder Lamar Fairbanks came in to replace him.
The next day we went with Brother Lee out into the country to visit a man, a non-member of the Church. 1843, David Garlick also passed away at the age of 63 and was buried in the old Pioneer Cemetery on the SE corner of that city. Corn up here, the folks that has corn is just pulling the ears off leaving the foder so that stops the work from off the farms hands so there is no work to do. William is clerking in a grocery store and drives a delivery wagon for the store part of his time.
Maybe you can mind old Peter Weaverling that used to live east of my father, it is one of his boys she married, sister to Daisy Garlick.
For some reason they made me look up borderline personality disorder and I relate more then ever.
To find a therapist in your area who can help you please click on the Find Help link at the top of the page and look for some one with experience in trauma and family of origin issues. The intensity of your fantasy and the large age difference between you and and this celebrity makes me suspect that you have a "hole in your soul" regarding an important male relationship in your early life that needs some attention and healing.
If your parents have generally been supportive of you in the past, they will likely respond positively to your request for help.
It's common for parents of children with chronic mental health issues to feel discouraged, down, overwhelmed, and scared.A  It's also common to feel isolated, alone, and helpless. If you haven't already done so, it may be helpful to read about your son's illnesses, and encourage your husband to do the same. If your parents agreed to "drop" the arranged marriage after you shared your concerns with them, then I suggest you let go of that relationship for good and seek out other options for marriage.
As long as you're focused on keeping your sister away from all of your male friends you'll stay stuck in the jealousy instead of learning how to move on in a healthy way after a relationship breakup. My mother has started to notice it, she always suggests I hangout with my friends but truth is I don't have the heart to tell her I don't really have any. And I don't wanna tell my parents because they'll feel bad for me and I hate it when people feel sympathy for me.
Also, your parents or counselor can help you find an adolescent therapy group to help you practice relating to peers in positive ways, help you understand why relationships are so difficult for you, and develop the skills to build and maintain strong friendships.
Imagine yourself to be the head of the XYZ Family who through warfare and intrigue just gained control over the country of Bakonia. Central governments attempted to deal with the increasing problems of stagnation and decline by (1) building larger armies, (2) forming larger bureaucracies, (3) raising greater taxes to pay for the armies and bureaucrats, and (4) generally creating a stronger central sovereignty by also controlling the military, economy, production, the court system, and in most cases, religion. This second marriage produced six children, including Henrya€™s heir to the throne, Louis XIII.
The central government determines the prices of goods, controls export and import quotas, determines the numbers established for industrial production, and sets as its goal a controlled market where exports outnumber imports. They in turn kept her in check because she needed their approval for funding to keep her court afloat. The rationale given was that so long as Mary was alive, the Catholic monarch on the continent and the pope in Rome will not cease their attempts to overthrow Elizabeth in order to set Catholic Mary on the throne and thereby recapture England for Rome. The debate was taken to the judicial officers of England who finally ruled that the king could not. The House of Lancaster won the battle in 1485, and then reconciled the two family lines through marriage.
After failing to produce a surviving male heir was accused of adultery and executed, leaving behind young daughter, Elizabeth. Since the Tudors produced no heirs, James, a cousin to Elizabeth, became also King of England as James I.
Because James authorized its publication, it became known as the Authorized Version of the King James Bible (1611).
James also appointed numerous Catholics to faculty positions at Cambridge and Oxford, began to purge Parliament of all his dissenters, began a screening process to allow only his supporters to run for Parliament if he should again call it into session, and of greatest concern, his wife gave birth to a first son. The people were unified by nationalism and generally given freedom to practice private ownership of property, freedom of movement, freedom of religion, and freedom to practice their vocations. The vastness of the empire, poor communication, and poor transportation further hindered Russiaa€™s development. Therefore, they forbad Jan III, the king of Poland, who was in command of the commonwealtha€™s army, to go to the rescue of the Austrians against the Ottomans.
She tried the upright bass for a bit, but didna€™t care for it and settled with the electric. Suzie had no commitments in Saskatoon and enjoyed her time in Ottawa over the summer, so she decided to move there. Six of the seven players took shelter in the front end of the 20-foot space created by our two adjoining canopies. Some part of playing all that old-timey stuff flipped a switch and caused me to start writing stuff that had some meaning.a€? Beth was surprised because she was the one who had gotten into folk music at a young age and never expected Mark to get into the folky stuff. Although both couples were great friends, Tom was apprehensive at first because hea€™d been through some really bad musical matchups and knew there was a potential for a vast difference in their musical tastes and styles. They could really use harp on ALL their songs!a€? Mark remembered that a€?this guy would show up with his tweed case of harmonicas.a€? Jim would strike up conversations with Mark and casually drop hints about his musical involvement.
Although both couples were great friends, Tom was apprehensive at first because hea€™d been through some really bad musical matchupsA  and knew there was a potential for a vast difference in their musical tastes and styles. I know that I have some self esteem issues and I will continue to work on that, but do you have any advice or tricks to stop these behaviors that have seemed to become habitual and uncontrollable. My habits of cleanliness such as my apartment have declined because I refuse to motivate myself to clean. I don't know if it's all coming out because I just have no idea how to function in a relationship or because something really is wrong. I have seen many clients heal from this destructive relationship patterns and go on to have fulfilling relationships, so I have hope that you can too. I am in a happy relationship now, for over a year, but these sexually desires for this celebrity keep coming back. Goodbye" After acknowledging the fantasy, don't focus on it, but turn to your current relationship for connection and comfort.
If for some reason they aren't supportive, please reach out to another adult, like a school counselor, for help. Gaining more understanding about what your son is going through may help you frame his illness in a more manageable way, help you less overwhelmed, and help you feel more prepared to support him. Since it seems that your parents responded to your concerns before, I encourage you to consult them again and ask for their help in finding other men to court. It started at the age of 11 when I started to notice I didn't have a lot of friends like all the other kids did.
In the same way the dividing line between Anglican England and Presbyterian Scotland also took on importance, as did the line separating Protestant Switzerland from Catholic France and Catholic Austria.
It is also Peoplea€™s Law -- the people agree concerning how they will be governed, who will govern them, and, in turn, they vow to live cooperatively under the law. His ulterior motive was to rid England of the Geneva Bible, an earlier English translation that was published in Geneva.
Now his Protestant daughters were not in line to ascend the throne, it would be a Catholic heir. Nevertheless, by reducing the common people to serfdom, requiring them to give summer months to government projects, and compelling the nobility to serve in a new military-civilian bureaucracy, Peter gained the controlling upper hand. Petersburg (notice his humility in naming the city for himself!) following the best in European architecture and culture -- but as a capitol city of a population in which 90% of the people were serfs. Defying the Commonwealtha€™s parliament, the Jan III marched his troops south to Vienna where they came to the rescue of the outnumbered troops of the Holy Roman Empire.
The boys were castrated and then trained as personal body guards and shock troopers for the Caliph or Sultan.
Of the tracks I sampled, I was really impressed with the covers of a€?Big Yellow Taxi and a€?Love Hurts,a€? from My Favorite Shirt. She saw a a€?sexy, tortured musician guy who was anything BUT boyfriend material,a€? but was drawn to him nevertheless.
As Beth described it, a€?The more inspired he became to play and write, the more inspired I became to sing again.a€? Mark drew upon the history of the area for the banda€™s name and for inspiration in his writing.
However, when he heard gospel-tinged songs and saw no beer being consumed during rehearsal, he became afraid that the band was comprised of Bible-thumping fundamentalists. I'll find myself in the kitchen then in the bedroom for some reason the randomly in the bathroom, ultimately accomplishing nothing. I just don't think it's that hard to learn how to be in a relationship and I don't think most people go through this. I come up with these fantasies that his children will love me, his friends want us to be together. But after that he happened to meet a gal and she fell in love with him and proposed him too. The Polish-Lithuanian army arrived the very night before the Ottomans played to complete their tunnels under the walls of Vienna! My grandparents the Walter Sealeys lived just two blocks from downtown in a home on Main St.
The Marigolds was a more delicate, folkier group with a€?killer songwriters and singers who could pour out jazzy vocals,a€? Suzie said.
Several bars into the song, a€?Halfway Free,a€? it became apparent that the skies were benign, under the spell of a benevolent spirit. It wasna€™t until the band lugged a big batch of a€?crafta€? microbrewed beer (a band staple) to a campsite at Falcon Ridge that he relaxed and told them of his misperception. It wasna€™t until the band lugged a big batch ofA  a€?crafta€? microbrewed beer (a band staple) to a campsite at Falcon Ridge that he relaxed and told them of his misperception. She said she didna€™t want to have anything to do with the Church, but as she had a brother in the mission field she wanted to do something for us because of him.
Garlick was then baptized for John and Jacob Bumgardner and the record calls him a a€?half nephewa€? of those two men.
I constantly need reassurance that he likes, that he thinks I'm pretty, that he likes my body, that I'm important to him.
And we have to remove them from society by locking them away because they willingly choose to not live by the law of the land.
This opened the door for the long-enduring caliphate that was formed in Istanbul which existed from the fall of Constantinople in 1453 A.D. Beth remembers, a€?That one time was crazy but so fun!!a€? That would be the last time theya€™d play together for many years.
He also introduced them to the next member, Rik Mercaldi, who he thought would be a good fit with the band.
Moss came over to the door and took my hand, in their presence and with tears in her eyes told me, in a voice loud enough for them all to hear, how bad she felt for me, a servant of God, being persecuted in her home. She did this for sometime and eventually the same feeling came over her, and she said she knew it was not true. So if you have any suggestions or tips to help me slowly stop these bulimic behaviors I would appreciate it so much.
I also feel pressured on what to do when I finish my masters and feel like I'm too lackadaisical to even search for jobs.
When he's not around, all I can think is that I could be single, that it would be better that way. Thus, the King James Bible was authorized but the notes from the Geneva Bible were not allowed to be included in the Authorized Version of 1611. Suziea€™s robust vocals did a strut all over Tonya€™s snarling guitar licks while her bass provided a relentless throb below. The bandleader, Mark, and the lead singer, Beth, cautiously walked out into the sunshine, joining their drummer, Lou, who tastefully played a marching band snare with brushes. That would be me [the pet].a€? He was joyfully surprised to discover that he enjoyed what Mark was playing.
My relationship with my boyfriend is also affected by this in that I'll freak out on him, refuse sex, and find him at the mercy of which high or low I'll be on. Marriage was never really consummated because Henry was displeased with her almost immediately after the wedding. Mark played a small tenor guitar in a crisply strummed attack and sang and led the group through a sharp uptempo rhythm with tightly executed starts and stops. Button and told her that she should go ahead and have one of the other Elders baptize her and not wait any longer. I'll also find myself drinking and smoking cigarettes more often to avoid doing work or tasks. The president, and senators, and generals in the army, and all the people in major positions all have to obey the same law. Sealey Bldg.- still standing!) I was raised in Alachua, coming to school in 1942 (3rd grade) and remaining there until 1952 when I graduated. Beth did what she always does, belting out each stanza with the ferocity and abandon of a gospel rave-up. I feel like I have adult ADD due to these symptoms and have spoken with my mother, who revealed she believes she has it as well but was never properly diagnosed. I also find myself thinking; If he's not with me and he's not texting me I think he's cheating because why would someone like him want anything to do with someone like me? After this, the marriage proposal also didn't go well, as I found the guy to be very rude and never understanding me. If the president ever robbed a bank he would go to jail just like a homeless person would if he robbed a bank.
Moss answered the door, I could see she was all ready to leave the house, so I apologized and said I would run on.
But then sometimes I think I could get a way better looking guy then him, that I'm too good for him.
I decided to quit it and conveyed to my parents, and after a lot of discussions, my parents dropped it. What wonderful memories I will always cherish from my hometown! ?My husband bought our first car when we married in 1957, from Bill Enneis.?Thigpen's Drug Store was on the corner of Main Street. They had been through the Salt Lake Temple and had their marriage sealed for time and all eternity.
He also sold tickets to ride the train to Wiliford, Bell, Curtis and Wannee to the west of Alachua, and to LaCross, Brooker, Sampson City, and Starke to the east of Alachua. Waters family, was the agent at the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad (ACL) across the street, both depots were on the south end of town. Highway 441 ran through Alachua on main street; the by-pass and overpass was not built until the forties.
Formerly there had been a big cotton farming operation in the area supporting two cotton gins. One gin was in the middle of town on a spur railroad track of the SAL and one on the south end of town on SAL's mainline. In general ,however, because the "Main stay'* of the economy of the community was farming, the area did not suffer as much as other areas. Little happened during the week; school, church, gardening, cleaning yards and a few social club meetings.
There was visiting with friends, getting haircuts and other amenities of life that you hadn't done in weeks or months. Most businesses closed at 5 - 6 O'clock, but grocery stores stayed open until 8-10 O'clock. The Four H Club, sponsored by the school and County Agent, was a big influence in the community. Occasionally a theatrical company would come to town and help the community put on a production of some kind.
Among the other things you did for entertainment or diversion was to go to Gainesville to see the movies. There were two theaters in Gainesville; the Florida Theater on University Avenue and the Ritz (Or Lyric) Theater near the post office.
One of the cool things about going to tlie movies in Gainesville; they were air conditioned. Ehjring hot weather you would go to Poe Springs, a few miles west of High Springs for swimming and a picnic or to Blue Springs, which was a little further west. It was located just west of present day I - 75 on the south side of Millhopper Road to Gainesville. The east-west passage was the largest From the west entrance you went east down a gradual slope for 30 to 50 feet. When you got to the bottom and center of the cross, you could see an extension to the north that extended 30 to 40 feet.
Several university students were injured exploring the cave and rumor has it that possibly one or more may have died as a result of dare-devil climbing. As the participation in WWII grew in scope and activities the depression ended and the good times returned. C.
Frankly, it's been only out of respect for my parents that I never legally changed my name. Okay, with that behind us, let's see what my dad, at the age of 97, now recalls about the old days in Alachua.
His station was at the southernmost rail line running by Copeland Sausage Company and Ennis Motor Company.
Leland manned the Seaboard station just a few yards from Papa Waters' Coastline station on the south end of town.
David manned another Coastlme station, known as "East Alachua," which was located up by the current location of US 441.
The old road tfiat comes in under the railroad overpass and then turns north at Main Street was the original US 441 . Passengers traveling to High Springs would disembark in Alachua and look for other transportation to High Springs. As results were telegraphed in, he would give them to my dad (Beb), who would "run" them to City Hall, where a large board displayed the latest election information. The center of town in those early days was just north of the Seaboard tracks, on the southern end of Main Street, as I think of it today.
Mott's blacksmith shop was just up the street from the barber shop of Willie Cauthen (Hal's dad). One of tfie hotels, The Hawkins House, later named the Skirvin Hotel, was just south of the southernmost railroad tracks.
Large bowls and platters of meats, potatoes, vegetables and breads were placed on the tables and the guests would pass them around just like at a large family gathering. I recall one summer when Dad and I were "batching" and he and I ate there quite often. Living in town, we enjoyed the convenience of regular home delivery of the block of ice needed to keep food in the box cool.
The old man who delivered the ice was named Lige, but I don't recall the name of the horse that pulled the wagon.
The best-known train that ran through town was named "Peggy." Peggy was a Seaboard train that ran from Staike through Bell to Wannee, where the train would turn around and retrace its route. I recall a story that now escapes Dad's memoiy about what his mom and the other Waters mothers would do from time to time when the kids got under foot. Since all three moms in the Waters clan had access to the railroad, they could use "Peggy" to occupy the kids for a few hours. Simply put the kids on the train when it arrived from Starke, and they would be out of the way for a few hours while riding down to Wannee and back. I remember at least one occasion when my cousins Larry, Johnny Dampier, Lano (Delano), maybe Clara Nell, and I made that trip. Since all the "big boys" (older cousins) got off during the temporary stop, of course I did too. As the runt of the lot, I was the last to grab for the hand rail when the train started moving, and I almost had a very long walk back to Alachua. Other entertainment for Waters boys: Ventures into Warren*s Cave were treacherous in Dad's day.
He says they had no flashlights, so they took "fat pine" sticks to light up, once they were deep enough to need a light source. Dad recalls one occasion when the circus was in town and some of the horses got loose just as a train was passing though. It was an outdoor theater composed of a billboard-type screen and rows of logs for the audience to use for seating. The show was located in a vacant lot on the east side of Main Street, approximately one block south of the main downtown intersection, where the First National Bank was located for many years.
Marbles were a lot less expensive than the electronic devices kids have for entertainment today. So was everything else! Bland Horse Races 1944  By Kent Doke:The Bland horse races actually started in Haynesworth in the summer of 1944 when Paul Emery and I raced our horses on the straight graded road North of Hollingsworth. I had borrowed an English saddle to race with and when we jumped off, the right stirrup leather came off the safety catch and was dragging. I couldn't get it off my foot and was afraid the horse would step on it and drag me off I always claimed that was why I lost the race and it was why I rode bareback in all the races to follow. Somehow Jessie Shaw got involved and we started having horse races in Bland every Wednesday afternoon after school. At that time people not in the service were making more money than they had ever made in their life.
No cars were being made during the war so people rode with each other to the nearest entertainment. What is now County Highway 241 that runs out from Alachua to the Santa Fe River was at that time a seldom graded road.
In the late thirties and early forties this new road was being cut using only mules and convict labor. I still remember the guards with shotguns loaded with buckshot guarding the prisoners as they drove the two mule teams pulling small drag buckets of dirt.
Jessie really got into the racing; he would grade one quarter mile of the road using a tractor and a grader he bought.
He cut the fence so cars could be parked on the West side of the road and, at it's peak, we would have about 250 people out to see the races. I raced my own horse, The Santa Fe River Ranch entered a horse, Jessie raced a horse, Roy Ceilon, J. Once George Duke brought a race horse and jockey with a jockey saddle in to race against Roy's horse.
We were very lucky to win that race and did so only because the jockey couldn't control the horse at the start. About fifty years after the races had stopped I asked Roy how much he thought was bet on those races and he said probably about twenty five hundred dollars.
Also about fifty years later I was introduced to an old lawyer in Gainesville who asked me if I had ever ridden horses in the Bland Races. Makes me feel good, even now. Aiachua High School Memories  Charles Beverly (Beb) Waters Class of 1930 The Alachua Indians played football on a field that was right next to the school rather than down the hill from the grammar school. The offense was the Notre Dame Box, The quarterback lined up about four feet behind the center and had a fullback lined up a few feet behind him.
The other two halfbacks were lined up on their left (or right), stacked one behind the other to form a square box. The QB would take a direct snap and then hand off to one of the backs or drop back to pass. And yes, we wore leather helmets and had drab brown canvas pants; and the jerseys were whatever you could find and had no numbers. Alachua didn't have a good punter, so Marion Pearson would try to throw a long Interception rather than try a weak punt. The Big Rival was the High Springs Sandspurs, at least until around 1929 when we had "the Big Fight" playing in High Springs, The referee that night was a prominent High Springs doctor (Whitlock?), maybe even the mayor. Emotions were running high, and an intense argument between players, coaches and the referee ended in a Big Fight when Jessie Shaw knocked the referee out cold and the townspeople charged the field. I prudently ran for the car.
As a result of the fight, the teams didn't play each other again for a number of years (20?). School buses couldn't be used for game trips, so townspeople would drive the players, Barney Cato was a rural mail carrier and had a son on the squad. The school buses back then were Model A trucks with a row of seats down each side and a bench down the middle. A long one story building was in its' place containing eight classrooms and a big auditorium. One big event of that year was a class play about the Pilgrims Thanksgiving and with the Indians.
One day a student walked behind her, on the way to the restroom, and kicked the chair out from under Miss. I had to wear glasses beginning in the seventh gi'ade, so did not participate in sports much. Perhaps the biggest event in our High School lives was the Junior and Senior theatrical productions. The Junior class play was usually produced in the fall and the Senior class play in the spring. Wq were excused from classes to climb into a ton and a half truck to go load scrape iron from some garage or farm. Som.eone asked her a question and she answered, "just a minute, I have the answer right here in my drawers". So, if you could manage to leave the Supply room unlocked, you then had to find a classroom window unlocked.
In closing I have always told anyone who asked, my years at A H S was comparable to the Tom Sawyer story. One gin was in the middle of town on a spur railroad track of the SAL and one on the south end of town on SAL's mainline. There was visiting with friends, getting haircuts and other amenities of life that you hadn't done in weeks or months.
Frankly, it's been only out of respect for my parents that I never legally changed my name. Okay, with that behind us, let's see what my dad, at the age of 97, now recalls about the old days in Alachua. Leland manned the Seaboard station just a few yards from Papa Waters' Coastline station on the south end of town.
The old man who delivered the ice was named Lige, but I don't recall the name of the horse that pulled the wagon.
I recall a story that now escapes Dad's memoiy about what his mom and the other Waters mothers would do from time to time when the kids got under foot. I couldn't get it off my foot and was afraid the horse would step on it and drag me off I always claimed that was why I lost the race and it was why I rode bareback in all the races to follow. He cut the fence so cars could be parked on the West side of the road and, at it's peak, we would have about 250 people out to see the races.
Once George Duke brought a race horse and jockey with a jockey saddle in to race against Roy's horse. We were very lucky to win that race and did so only because the jockey couldn't control the horse at the start. Alachua didn't have a good punter, so Marion Pearson would try to throw a long Interception rather than try a weak punt. As a result of the fight, the teams didn't play each other again for a number of years (20?). School buses couldn't be used for game trips, so townspeople would drive the players, Barney Cato was a rural mail carrier and had a son on the squad.
A long one story building was in its' place containing eight classrooms and a big auditorium. I had to wear glasses beginning in the seventh gi'ade, so did not participate in sports much.



How did you get your ex boyfriend back yahoo chat
How to win your ex back at a party city


Comments »

  1. Podpolniy — 19.01.2014 at 16:34:24 This is to talk concerning the significance of working into a dialogue about it, do not argue with center and.
  2. Klan_A_Plan — 19.01.2014 at 16:28:43 It's the time to recoup and.
  3. sadelik — 19.01.2014 at 23:52:19 You take away the best belief was, I was performing precisely as you might make the.
  4. 4upa4ups — 19.01.2014 at 10:20:42 Through textual content straightforward to follow, this guide has her, but.
  5. Dj_Dance — 19.01.2014 at 16:17:31 Open the door, I am going to just stand make her bored, which equals diminished attraction that.