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This article describes inspection methods and clues to detect roof venting deficiencies, insulation defects, and attic condensation problems in buildings. At INSULATION LOCATION & QUANTITY for ATTICS we discuss the relative benefit of adding insulation to a cathedral ceiling versus building walls in the same area.
Some buildings, by their shape or design, simply don't make it easy to install continuous intake venting at the eaves or lower roof edge, or continuous outlet venting along a ridge. For example, a house which has no roof overhang at all makes intake venting at the eaves difficult.
Sketch (above left) is courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates shows the two basic strategies for insulating cathedral ceilings and flat roofs.
We call this a "hot roof" design because failing to vent the roof from below not only misses a chance to avoid ice dam leaks and condensation damage in cold climates. Watch out: Be sure to inspect the roof surface from outside for leaks and damage every year and to fix any damage quickly. The sketch above is provided ourtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates and shows the two basic strategies for ventilating cathedral ceilings or cathedral roofs. Less insulation: Reduce under-roof insulation level to 3 A?a€? fiberglass (R-11) under the cathedral ceiling (not good energy savings) - not recommended but functional, just poor insulation value.
Solid Foam: Install solid foam spray-in insulation under the roof a€“ a a€?hot roofa€? design.
When re-roofing from the building exterior: if the roof decking and possibly roof framing have been extensively damaged by leaks it is usually necessary to repair the roof from outside the building.
The insulation used in those applications is tapered to provide positive roof drainage to roof drain points as well as to improve the building insulation system and cut energy costs.
Tips for insulating a cathedral ceiling, take care to seal ceiling penetrations such as around light fixtures or ceiling-mounted hard-wired smoke detector.
While fiberglass insulation is an excellent and effective product for insulating most building cavities, in areas where there is extra risk of trapping moisture (and thus rot or mold infections) such as crawl spaces and cathedral ceilings where roof venting may be absent or minimal, we prefer to use closed-cell foam insulation products or spray-in icynene foam insulation: these products can seal the cavity against drafts and they do not as readily pick up moisture nor do they readily form hidden mold reservoirs. In cases where there is no under-roof venting system (no soffit intake vents, no ridge vents), a "hot roof" design is followed: the roof cavity between rafters can be filled with insulation, followed by installation of a perfect vapor barrier, followed by finish surface of drywall or whatever else. While we prefer to avoid ice dam leaks by good building design and good under-roof ventilation, where conditions require stopping ice dam leaks on an existing structure, proper installation of heating cables may be the fastest and cheapest solution.
Continue reading at HOT ROOF DESIGNS: UN-VENTED ROOF SOLUTIONS or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below. Or see INSULATION LOCATION & QUANTITY for ATTICS to discuss the relative benefit of adding insulation to a cathedral ceiling versus building walls in the same area. Question: What is causing drip marks from leaks out of cathedral ceiling in a Northern California House? I'm not sure if I have answers to my specific issue solutions, so I'd like to give you some background and ask your opinion. A competent onsite inspection by an expert usually finds additional clues that would permit a more accurate, complete, and authoritative answer than we can give by email alone.
I agree that it makes no sense to replace the roof covering before we have a clear diagnosis of the cause of leakage; Worse you could be wasting a lot of money re-roofing only to discover that "leaks" continue because the cause was improper venting, soaked insulation, air leaks, or that there is moldy drywall and wet insulation that need replacement in the ceiling.
Guess: the home has either one or more leaks into the roof cavity (cathedral ceiling) or condensation accumulating in that cavity. If heat is left on the water source could be an exterior leak, ice dam leaks, or interior air leaks carrying moisture into the roof cavity.
If the water source in the roof cavity is from air and moisture leaks from the interior, the passage points into the roof are most often at penetrations such as around light fixtures. Then I would go to the two most-suspect areas in the roof cavity and make a test cut sufficient to inspect the insulation for signs of wetting and mold, the cavity side fo the drywall for water and mold, and the roof sheathing for water, mold, and to confirm the air space. When we've done enough inspecting that we are confident of the cause of the drips you describe, only then does it make sense to start "repairing". I'm updating insulation on my cathedral ceiling on a 1966 bungalow which currently has no vapour barrier. You could add a layer of high-r foam insulation IF you are building a hot-roof unvented design. If interior space permits I'd consider adding solid foam on the interior ceiling and new drywall over it to increase the total R. I pose that the total project cost to R&R intact roof sheathing for this project is higher than insulating from the interior. I'm unable to tackle this from the inside do to decorative wood paneling in the cathedral part of the roof that I don't want to disturb. Rigid board between rafters -which I've done -is a lot of cutting and fitting and sealing, and costly compared with spray-foaming the whole cavity.
While we prefer the vapour barrier on the ceiling warm side, it's less critical than sealing around any ceiling penetrations on the inside (lights for example).
We have a drop down ceiling in our office about 1200 sq feet with only one wll return for the ac. You need an onsite inspection by a competent HVAC or other building professional to first understand how your system is designed.
Separately, if you are seeing sagging and moisture or condensation problems that is a potentially serious issue risking mold contamination and even ceiling collapse - conditions that need to be inspected as part of answering your question.
I have a Big Beam house with all rooms, except bathrooms, with exposed ceilings of 2 x 6 Douglass Fir.
Certainly I would not do anything about your ceilings nor add insulation before doing some investigating. I'd go to the most-suspect point where leaks occurred and make a small opening, say 2x4" to look at the cavity side of the drywall, the wood framing, the existing insulation. Questions & answers or comments about how to add or retrofit insulation to cathedral ceilings in older homes. ASHRAE resource on dew point and wall condensation - see the ASHRAE Fundamentals Handbook, available in many libraries. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore.
America's Favorite Homes, mail-order catalogues as a guide to popular early 20th-century houses, Robert Schweitzer, Michael W.R. Asbestos products and their history and use in various building materials such as asphalt and vinyl flooring includes discussion which draws on Asbestos, Its Industrial Applications, D.V.
Brick Nogging, Historical Investigation and Contemporary Repair, Construction Specifier, April 2006. Lighting, proper use of: proper aiming of a good flashlight can disclose hard to see but toxic light or white mold colonies on walls.
Nogging: See this photo of exposed bricks on a building exterior on a building exterior in Canada. Pergo AB, division of Perstorp AB, is a Swedish manufacturer or modern laminate flooring products. Rubblestone Wall Filler: See this Lartigue House using exterior-exposed rubblestone filler between vertical timbers of a post and beam-framed Canadian building. The Stairway Manufacturers' Association, (877) 500-5759, provides a pictorial guide to the stair and railing portion of the International Residential Code. The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. We can build a timber bicycle storage shed to your measurements to make best use of your available space. Price does not include delivery which will be calculated based upon the customer's delivery postcode. Photographs used within this website are original material and are the intellectual property of Devon Log Stores.
Sheds in the Great DepressionWith the financial and market meltdown one of two things may be happening: You are moving home to live with Mom, or you are mom or dad and the kids are moving back with you.
The other day we got this comment on one of the new Tumbleweed tiny houses that just came out. This might not be the best design for you but if you’ve been wondering about more space, maybe a park model is a better option for you than a tiny house? To save someone else time, there’s barely any more photos of this unit if you not only follow the links to Tiny Pins, but even when you follow the link in SOURCE.
I’m 6-1, 205 lbs(fat by my standards), and drive a small compact car that gets 36 mpg (I would love a smart car that is all electric).
People who are overweight at age 25 AND don’t change their habits will, become grossly overweight, especially after the age of 35.
If a person is NOT happy being overweight, and their weight issues are not due to a genetic factors, the first thing they need to do is make a commitment to get their obesity and poor health issues under control.
That will most likely involve a nutritionist, your doctor, a work out program, and an understanding of how toxic food affects people in the U.S.
Once you’ve reached a healthy lifestyle, you will most likely feel so much better about yourself.
Avoid homes that have been built with fibre-glas insulation, particle board or wafer board sheathing, drywall, plastic coated particle board intended as wallpaper board, gas appliances, granite counter tops, and carpeting. A tiny house is a great way to help maintain good health and form because there is not unlimited space to hoard food.
Not only are tiny homes good for the environment, good for your pocket book, they are also good for your health. But many TH’s are never going anywhere, much less out of state so this is more than fine with a nice look. Door in the kitchen is most likely to the outside as code requires 2 doors at least in most places though exit windows can be used instead.
I like how you feel wanting a larger living room is somehow tied to weight because it was for you. I like this size because I am an avid reader and many of my books are not available in ebook format so I need many bookcases. Although I appreciate your ideas one must consider these things from a manufactures point of view.
Windows are typically low E and since this cabin was built specifically for the customers needs the size and quantity of windows is a mute point. This person can probably make do with less square footage but needs spaces designed to be comfortable for the their physical size. I am not a large person, but due to mobility issues, I am another kind of person who would not be able to live in some of the teeny tiny homes – lifestyle choice or not. I like Park Models but they are designed more for permanent living in a set location and the drawback is you then usually pay lot rent and utilities on top of the cost of the park model and you have a contract and rules for the park use. You can use park model floor plans for design ideas but the cost per square foot to buy a park model is much more than it would be to build your own house. Back to the topic With shoulders that fill out a 4 x shirt bathroom stalls less than 3-6 to 3-8 wide do not work for me. Add to that not telling the American people about the use of these chemicals and then trying deny them the ability to label food, as has just happened in a case with Monsanto. What is scariest is the majority investors in companies like Monsanto, can be people from outside the U.S. When typing our thoughts and sharing with people we don’t know, the typed word can have several meanings. Vs you trying to force your off topic view time and time again is rude and basically spam, troll type stuff.
Anyone wants to waste 60-90cu’ in such a small home will pay for that time and time again over the yrs of extra utility that space could have provided. The greatest thing I would like to see developed in tiny house designs, is the use of slide-outs, like in the RV industry. The biggest advantage is that the unit would be street legal and require no special permits.
I am not ready to settle into any one place yet and want the freedom to pick up and move when the calling comes, so a park model would not be an option for me. Also, most slides have a weird weather stripping plate that makes the slide look like a drawer in relation to the main structure, with vastly wider face surface compared to the body of the slide. When a unit reached its destination, one would (after providing a suitable support on the ground for the tip out) Get the help of at least a few other capable people, and grunt and heave, and bend at the knees and l-i-f-t and TIP the unit up right from its traveling spot. How to Build a Firewood ShedKeep your stack of firewood from getting damp by building this simple enclosure. For me, heating with firewood is more about feeling self-sufficient than it is about lowering my utility bills.
To assemble the walls, place the cross supports on a flat surface, bore pilot holes, and attach the cross supports to the posts.
Then place the slats in position, apply a glob of construction adhesive, and screw the slats to the supports. It's important to accurately place the footings, or piers—it makes the build quicker and easier by preventing constant remeasuring and adjustment. Measure the distance between the walls, then crosscut the long joists and bolt them to the posts.
A house with a pyramid roof shape or complex roof shapes makes outlet venting at a ridge difficult. In hot climates the roof temperature will be much higher on an un-vented roof, resulting in shorter shingle life.
In buildings where there is no roof venting anyway, and where ventilation is difficult or impossible to achieve, an un-vented, well insulated "hot roof" can provide a high-R-value ceiling and may be the second-best alternative to preventing ice dam related leaks in cold climates. With 2x6 rafters this will give about an R-19 roof, higher if you use thicker solid foam insulation. Before replacing roof decking, consider re- decking the roof with insulated structural panels that include eaves to ridge ventilation in their design. Adding ventilation under a solid-foam insulated pitched roof in order to dry and cool the building interior would, in turn, lose the benefit of the roof top insulation.
More moisture enters building cavities through these cuts in the ceiling (or wall) drywall than permeates through the drywall itself.
In a cold climate and depending on the level of roof insulation, water entering the roof can freeze, accumulate as ice, and thus return to the interior as leaks and drips that continue for quite a while in thawing conditions.
If heat is off and the house interior is at freezing temperature (not my first choice for building preservation), the water source in the ceiling is more likely to be an exterior leak. The percentage of moisture that moves directly through solid drywall into a building cavity has been shown to be quite small.
In any event I would be cautious about leaving windows open in a home with heat off because of security risks, animal entry risks, blown snow and rain damage risks etc. The shingles need replacing so I will be tackling this from the outside by removing the roof sheathing. Otherwise the foam layer atop the rafters and under the roof sheathing will have its R-value wasted since ventilating air would be moving between the underside of the foam and the upper side of insulation between the rafters.
Should I look at going with only 2" of spray foam to provide the vapour barrier, add batting and then the rigid board insulation to cover the joists before sheeting?
If the office ceiling space above the drop ceiling is being used as a return air plenum you don't want to subvert the design by adding addtional vent openings.
Finally: consider (but defer) using an insulated chimney from the ceiling up through the roof. It would be a shame to simply blow insulation into a cavity only to find later that you have to remove the whole shebang to get rid of moldy drywall that nobody attended.
It was a common construction method that employed masonry as infill between the vertical uprights of wood framing." -- quoting the web article review. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively.
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He has a passion for exploring and sharing tiny homes (from yurts and RVs to tiny cabins and cottages) and inspiring simple living stories. Those of us who have ACTUALLY chose to live in a tiny house, are often making a political statement. In times of emergency, will not be practical to move out of the way of impending disasters (tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, and the like). I would have also opened up the kitchen more by move the stairs over to where the bathroom entrance was and then have the bathroom entrance in on the wall that has doubled the size of the kitchen.
The ceiling height of the enclosed spaces and the width and height of the doorways, hallways and stairwell all appear to be standard size. The frequent comments about who tiny housers should be and what they’re allowed to live in are quite off-putting to those of us who like living tiny as a personal choice, not to be part of the Movement. That will hold more value and increase in value and can be made more sustainable using solar and wind power and no rent. I love the concept of being able to tow my house behind me and settle in once place for several months when I retire. I learned that a 3×3 toilet stall will work real slick if the toilet is placed near center at a 45 degree angle.
Erik this fat man slept out there last like a big baby with the rain tapping on the roof and the cd player playing softly in the background.
As a full time RVer, I would prefer the feel of a house as opposed to an RV, and have considered a tiny house. I would also like to see more designs geared towards full time travel and aerodynamic design. We set the four corner piers in rough position and brought them into alignment with a string line.
Next, we placed the plastic end caps on the bottom of the posts and raised each wall on its piers. Do the same with the beams.Measure the height from the center piers to their respective beams to determine the position of the shoulder cut on the center posts.
Mark the angled plumb cuts at the top and bottom of the rafter and the position of the bird's-mouth cuts (the notch where the rafter meets the beams). This gives the best air path, eaves to ridge, but costs more for the labor to nail furring and cut insulation into pieces to fit between rafters.A a€“ works well, costs more. Worse, once the insulation has become wet the cavity has lost insulation value so the problem is likely to be worse, especially if the source is condensation from inside. I do like eaving heat on to keep the home above freezing, say at 40 or 45F which can avoid building damage that comes from extreme temperature swings inside - conditions that are not anticipated by most modern construction; But as I suggest, let's wait on the cure until we understand the disease. From your articles you still recommend a vented design to keep the roof cool in the summer and prevent premature wear on the shingles.
So, I have to use spray foam or rigid board(sealed around the edges) between the rafters vs the batting because of no vapour barrier correct? Readers should see INSULATION R-VALUES & PROPERTIES our own table of insulation properties that includes links to articles describing each insulation material in more detail.
The Manufactured Home Owners Association of America is a National Organization dedicated to the protection of the rights of all people living in Manufactured Housing in the United States. We invite you to send in your story and tiny home photos too so we can re-share and inspire others towards a simple life too. Also like the Log Home look, which is oddly missing from many tiny homes, most preferring a siding application.
Not some grand conspiracy for wanting more or buying into some consumerist whatever-the-hell you are selling. However, I would be really displeased for someone to tell me that means I must live in a McMansion and never live in a small home. This would open up so many possibilities for larger people or folks like myself, who’s living space doubles as a studio or workspace. It's good exercise and the source of my wife's wry nickname for me, the Saturday Lumberjack.But storing and keeping the wood dry is a hassle.
Then we used a tape measure to check the diagonals of this rectangle and to position the fifth and sixth piers relative to the perimeter. Notch the two center posts, set them on their piers, plumb them, and bolt them into position.Crosscut the remaining joists and fasten them, as noted in the diagram, with joist hangers, joist hanger nails, 16d common nails, or 3?-inch deck screws. Clamp the rafter on top of the beams, check that the lines drawn are accurate, and adjust the lines as needed. I may have to re-roof - Has modern technology suggested a new method to vent a Big Beam home? From talking to 4 insulation contractors, one main problem is the tight space, only 4 inches, between the slanted ceilings in the 2nd floor closets that flank our staircase and the roof sheathing. 71-78, Association for Preservation Technology International (APT), available online at JSTOR.
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I think it just means I’d have to be more creative with my floor plan than you young whippersnappers. Using a circular saw, make a shoulder cut and a series of cuts parallel to the shoulder, then remove the scored wood with a wide chisel. I have ridge vent and last year added more sofit vents so that I have a 12 inch vent every third rafter. 3 of the 4 contractors really don't want to deal with my problem, said they would get back to me, and never did.
A In 1993, the Council became part of the School of Architecture, and since then has been known as the School of Architecture-Building Research Council. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Also the use of the sliding huge glass doors makes me worry for the saftey of stuff inside the space. And stacking the wood inside is a poor choice, unless you enjoy the company of insects and mice.The solution is a simple shed. Make yourself a small jig from scrap lumber to speed accurate spacing between each piece of flooring. Make the vertical cut with a circular saw, use a chisel to notch the horizontal cut where the rafter rests on the beam, then turn the rafter back upright and finish the shallow horizontal notch with a chisel.Test-fit the pattern rafter and adjust its notches. Will spraying the sides of the rafter and adding some rigid board insulation between the rafter and sheeting work? Someone told us we needed to insulate the system and replace some of the tiles with plastic egg grates. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material. Or preaching weight loss because I just lost 10kg by doing literally nothing (broken foot) so really don’t tell random people, on unrelated topics, what to do because they might or might not need it, ok? I would rather have solid tinted smart solid state windows that with a small volt could be frosted for privacy but still let in some natural light.
I designed the one you see above, which involves basic post-and-beam carpentry, to create an attractive storage unit for more than a cord. Considering two options; (i) foaming all of the HVAC ducts , better sealing all of the can lights and vents, then putting 4 inches of additional fiberglass (blown in) or extending the vent chutes to the ridge - in each rafter and spraying foam to the underside of the deck-removing the R-48 from the ceiling rafters. His recommendation: blow in cellulose from the top down into this 4 inch wide space and then go into the closets and blow cellulose through the interior walls between each stud making a top and bottom hole. The Council's researchers answered many critical questions that would affect the quality of the nation's housing stock.How could homes be designed and built more efficiently? Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order. I also wish more tiny homes would use sliding pocket door concepts ones that over lap so they take less space or slide together to close and lock. It keeps the wood from getting soggy and leaves the critters out in the cold, just where the Saturday Lumberjack likes them to be.
I just looked up R values and 4 inches of cellulose is only about 10; probably not good enough to prevent all future ice dams. This shed is where I sort things out, make notes of what I will plant, and store and dry seeds. I think tiny homes should take more examples from boat designs as well as they are meant to be trailer pulled. During the growing season I spend several hours a week in here; on warm summer nights I take my mattress and sleep out there. If you had dishes in there I would like to know its all solidly head in place with sliding storage locations. I called a general contractor and he said that I don't want to give up that flow of cold air from sofit vents to ridge vents by filling that space with insulation. Bottom line: if i go with this insulation contractor I will get some insulation but will eliminate the winter cold air ventilation that is also nice to have under the roof sheathing. Unfortunately, not that many could afford it.One of the first to recognize a niche for small, modern garden prefabs was California designer Edgar Blazona, who started selling the MD100 in 2004. He said that he found gaps around the chimney, around lights and around ceiling fans) Your comments are appreciated, thank you. Adding on a room to a house is really expensive and disruptive, and doesn't really let you get away.
On the other hand, a shed can be stylistically different, can be installed temporarily, and can be a quick fix if you have a need for more space.
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