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The federal government last formally assessed the state of the nation’s schools in the 1999 report “Condition of America’s Public Schools,” which estimated that it would take $127 billion to bring our nation’s schools to “good condition.” The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) issued its own report card the same year. Funding these needs remains a huge challenge, and a policy statement ASCE adopted in 1999 has evolved and is a focus in the organization’s 2011-2012 priorities.
ASCE also encourages creative financing options such as lease financing, where the facility is privately owned, and public-private partnerships, which can provide a combination of financing, ownership and use arrangements to facilitate construction. Data compiled by the 21st Century School Fund and its Building Education Success Together (BEST) partners in 2011 suggests that districts have an estimated $271 billion (averaging $4,883 per student) of deferred building and grounds maintenance in their schools.
According to a 2011 report from the 21st Century School Fund and its BEST partners, districts spent $49 billion (or 10 percent of their operating budgets) on maintenance and operations and $9.4 billion on utilities in 2008.
While the primary funding source for school facilities has been local and state tax revenues, with some limited support from state and small federal initiatives, the methods for determining state support vary by state and are often political.
Thanks to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009, districts received additional federal funding for instructional facilities improvement.
Governors applied for these funds at the state level and, of the $48.6 billion that went to state governors, 18 percent of the state award went to support education (including school modernization renovation and repair), public safety and other government services.
The money can only be used for qualifying schools, which are those where 35 percent or more students are eligible for free or reduced-price meals or those that are located in an Enterprise Community or Empowerment Zone based on poverty. The Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program provided an estimated $17.5 million in 2011. Impact Aid Facilities Maintenance grants help maintain school facilities operated by LEAs that serve military installations. Several programs are available to plan, design and implement charter schools, such as the Credit Enhancement for Charter School Facilities Program ($10 million in FY 2011) and the State Charter School Incentive Grants Program ($15 million in FY 2009, $15 million in 2010 and $13 million in 2011). The Department of the Interior, which is responsible for protecting America’s natural resources and heritage, has the Bureau of Indian Affairs—Elementary and Secondary School Construction fund, which is responsible for constructing, improving and repairing education buildings on Indian lands.
Other federal programs may allow funding for school facilities, even though their programs are not specifically dedicated to school facility improvement.
FEMA provided $3 billion to public school facilities between 1998 and 2010, which included $2 billion to schools in Louisiana following Hurricane Katrina.
The Department of Agriculture has a small Rural Community Facilities Program to help rural communities improve their facilities.
Monitoring grant opportunities to identify those that will allow capital projects can lead to other sources of funding for renovations, repairs and modernization improvements.
On top of typical renovations and building programs, there are funding possibilities for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan spoke in February at the Green Schools National Network Conference in Colorado to discuss the growing importance of recognizing green schools, environmental literacy and educating students about environmental stewardship and sustainabiliy.
In addition to the aforementioned State Energy Program Grants, the Department of Energy has several programs to support energy-efficient school facilities. The Tribal Energy Program supports projects dedicated to energy efficiency and conservation for federally recognized Native American tribal governments. The Environmental Protection Agency addresses environmental concerns in buildings through the Brownfields Program, which is focused on preventing, assessing, safely cleaning and sustainably reusing brownfields.
In addition to government sources, many private foundations and corporations support the green movement and may be willing to support facility needs. As you work to find resources to strengthen the buildings that support your students, remember that the money is out there.
Since before purchasing 155 Kirkstall Road (Phase 1 of the Building Project) God has given us a greater vision to expand and build His Kingdom spiritually and physically here in Leeds.
Through holding concerts, bake sales, car boot sales and more, we have been blessed as members and the community pull together to raise money by using their gifts and talents. We recently have received the latest drawings for the new building, including the interior and exterior plans. Beginners may possibly have completely no difficulty selecting about the tasks the following more than obvious as properly as succinct programs. Ted McGrath spent the last two years putting collectively his woodworking package and according to him this package is the most extensive online today.this package is intended for a wide audience.
The sides are two 5 inch pieces connected with a three way pipe fitting and then a 10 inch pipe piece through the middle.
This treasure bin is essentially random items that look cool and hope one day will make a neat project. In “The Report Card for America’s Infrastructure,” the ASCE gave schools a D grade and estimated an even greater dollar amount ($322 billion) was needed over five years to bring schools into good condition. The statement includes a concern that the nation would continue to struggle in the 21st century to make students competitive: “The neglect of public school buildings and their inability to support 21st century education erodes our society’s ability to compete globally. In 2010, in fact, 10 states reported a need for an average of $4,400 per student for deferred maintenance. The average state share of funds for capital projects between 2005 and 2008 was 30 percent, but 11 states contributed no funds for school facility projects, and three states and the District of Columbia funded 100 percent of these costs. According to the 2011 expenditure estimate, $89.6 billion of ARRA dollars made their way into education.
Out of each state’s allocation, 82 percent of the funds was reserved for the education block grant which had to be spent in certain ways and of which a portion stayed at the local level focused on education. However, some less well-known sources exist, such as Local School Construction Bonds and Qualified Zone Academy Bonds.
Established in 1997, QZABs are administered by the Internal Revenue Service as a provision of the tax code.
Department of Education plays a small and somewhat informal role in addressing the needs of school facilities, there are some dedicated funding programs that may help meet facility improvement needs.
And 40 percent of these funds are set aside for districts receiving Basic Impact Aid Support payments every year. Information about the next competition will be posted on the DOE’s Web site when available. For example, a dedicated fund for kitchen improvement, the Equipment Assistance Grants for School Food Authorities, can be found through the Department of Agriculture. The Department of Health and Human Services’ Head Start program includes grants that can be used for purchasing, renovating and constructing facilities. For example, the State Energy Program Grants can be used for purchasing and installing equipment and materials for energy-efficiency measures and renewable energy measures, including design costs. FEMA is now assisting schools on the East Coast devastated by Hurricane Irene, as well as others across the nation affected by floods and natural disasters. These funds can come from federal or state agencies or from private grants awarded by community and corporate foundations. Research shows that schools that implement energy-saving strategies—from following green building design to using energy-efficient building components to encouraging behavioral change—can reduce energy use by as much as one-third, resulting in major environmental benefits and cost savings. The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Program provides formula-based block grants based on population to states, U.S. From 2002 to 2008, more than $16.5 million was provided by the Department of Energy for 93 tribal energy projects.
A brownfield is a former industrial or commercial site that has suffered potential environmental contamination.
Kathy Krapf, director of custom consulting at RedRock Reports, contributed to this article. There is still room for changes, but we are excited to see what the building may look like and pray it will spur us on in our faith and giving towards this vision.
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Quality education is essential for the continued competitiveness and viability of our nation.
Funds for capital improvements were disbursed primarily through the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (SFSF).
Local School Construction Bonds are typically used to finance a building or capital project. These bonds provide interest savings (0 percent for 15 years) for financing school renovations and repairs but cannot be used for new construction. Local education agencies (LEAs) are required to secure a 10 percent private-entity partner contribution in cash or in-kind services and to have a district-approved plan to ensure equity in what standards are used and how students are assessed.
Funds for modernization, emergency repairs, new construction and maintenance are available through the Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program and the Impact Aid Facilities Maintenance Program.
The other 60 percent are awarded competitively to cover emergency repairs or modernization costs to districts. The Department of Defense offers the Military Construction Program, which provides construction resources for DOD-operated schools on military bases around the world. The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Public Assistance Program Grants for districts help to reconstruct and repair school facilities damaged or obliterated by a disaster.
The program’s grants, along with its direct and guaranteed loans, are available in areas up to 20,000 in population. Enlisting the services of school funding experts, such as RedRock Reports, the Foundation Center and Education TURNKEY Systems, can ensure that relevant funding opportunities are not missed. This will reduce subsequent operating costs and thereby offset the investment in the capital project. School districts are eligible to apply for funding from the EPA through three programs: the Area-Wide Planning Pilot Program, the Assessment Grants Program, and the Clean Up Grants Program. Professionals concerning the many other hands will discover a bit significantly a lot more as a way to make cash from additional Tips that will very easily extra increase their own ability. Eventually, they can move on towards more difficult projects as they acquire self-confidence.
Modern school facilities that meet modern safety standards and the evolving needs of a burgeoning school population are essential.
Nearly $54 billion in SFSF funds were used to support modernizing, renovating and repairing school and college facilities, and to retain teachers and impact student achievement in part by improving teacher effectiveness and establishing college and career data systems that track progress. Of the $48.6 billion that went to state governors, only about $26 million went to public school facilities improvements. Public school districts use them to construct new facilities or renovate existing buildings, for example. A future funding plan was announced in 2010 to address $3.7 billion in construction needs for schools on military bases.
The Energy Department’s State Energy Program grants provided $39 million in funds in 2011 through formula grants. The amount of assistance available depends upon the median household income and community population. Additionally, as districts turn to local bonds as a potential funding source, environmentally friendly repairs and renovations may be ones that voters will support.
With some ingenuity, each of these funds may be used creatively by combining it with other funds and developing multifaceted projects of which capital improvements are a part.
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The laws governing construction bonds vary by state and locality, as do the amounts of the bonds. Many local districts include within their boundaries parcels of land that are owned by the federal government or that have been removed from the local tax roll by the federal government, including Indian lands.
Together, these federal grant programs, including FEMA, the departments of Interior and Agriculture, Head Start, and Impact Aid programs, provided a combined $7 billion to public school facilities in 2009-2010.
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