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For further advice on these jobs and many more or to hire the equipment you need to complete them, visit your local Kennards Hire branch. The great thing about having your laundry as part of an existing bathroom is that the pipework is already there, which will save you money. Define the look of your bathroom with trays, beautiful containers, storage and plants that can add beauty and texture while still being practical. Bold wallpaper, such as a jungle print or shibori, can add a burst of flavour to a room, while softer treatments, such as grasscloth, will bring a luxe feel. We collect information about the content (including ads) you use across this site and use it to make both advertising and content more relevant to you on our network and other sites. Meet with a building planner at your local lumber yard to determine the close estimate of material you will need and help you with information on codes and inspections for your specific area. Set posts in holes (and forms if necessary) and mix concrete and water with a hoe in a mixing tub or mixer.
Level each post and tack a 2x4 or scrap lumber to the post and a stake driven into the ground to keep it solid until the concrete sets. Attach the ledger board to the posts (along the 24 foot length) with 3 inch decking screws or spiral shank nails first. Dedicate the four 2 x 6 x 12 foot boards to become band boards so that there are two lengths of 24 feet. Attach band boards to each post using three 3-inch screws or spiral shank nails to each post. Rip down the final row of decking boards with the circular saw (if necessary) to the proper width, allowing for some overhang if desired. Attach a 2 x 4 parallel to the deck, flush with the top of the posts and at the junction of the decking and the posts using 3-inch screws or nails. Attach the 2 x 6 top rails to the top of the post, flush with the outside of the post and covering the 2 x 4 edge using 3-inch screws or nails. Place the stair form on the face of a band board or outside joist so that the outside stringers line up just outside of two posts (this saves digging new posts for stair railing). Cut the bottom posts, top rails and 2 x 4 rails at the same angle that stairs are laid out. Transform your deck into an extended outdoor living space filled with colorful accents and charm. Dig 24-inch deep holes in the ground everywhere the stakes are in the ground with the post hole diggers.
Filter: All types Articles Slideshows Videos Sort: Most relevant Most popular Most recent No articles available No slideshows available No videos available How much does it cost to build a log cabin? Here at Home Renew all you can learn from a professional with 30 years of experience renovating homes how to do projects around the house.
Last time we talked about the basics of design for your deck, and the materials that you might use. The instructions below are generic and you must be sure you comply with all local building codes before determining your final design or doing any work. You should determine the spacing between your beams first then you will be able to determine the position of the support posts and the joist size appropriate to that spacing.
1.Position the ledger along the wall the thickness of the deck boards below the height you want your deck. 8.Let the decking run over the edge of the structure then after all boards are fastened down, chalk a line about 1” out at each edge and saw the boards off leaving that one inch overhang. 9.At this point you can build any stairs you will need and fasten them to the deck making sure you have equal rises for each step and no more than an 8” rise on each step.
10.Last but not least finish the railing by nailing the top and bottom railings to your posts and then add the balusters with a maximum of 4” centers in between.
A deck addition improves the flow to the backyard in this Chesterfield Place residence, designed by Ossolinski Architects.
The beauty of a deck is that — unlike bare ground or lawn — it’s level, stable, supports furniture, sheds rain and provides usable living space. Depending on climate, the piers may need to be set on a footing that is several feet below grade. Building a deck can greatly enhance the enjoyment of your yard, but it requires planning every step before pulling out your circular saw and nail gun.
Bob Vila is the home improvement expert widely known as host of TV’s This Old House, Bob Vila’s Home Again, and Bob Vila.
Note: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinion or position of Zillow. Bob Vila is the home improvement expert widely known as host of TV’s This Old House, Bob Vila's Home Again, and Bob Vila. A joist hanger is used against the ledger to attach the joists, this will keep a solid foundation for your deck. However, the basic form of a deck is universal; there are footers, posts, frame, decking boards and railing.
Measure every 4 feet along the string line in each direction marking each interval with the paint or shovel. From this mark use the level to get a straight line to all the posts (due to the uneveness of the ground a measurement cannot be taken at each post.
Insert them so that the heads will be showing on the outside and the hardware will be on the inside.
These band boards will act as a layout marker for the deck joists as well as an outside frame to hide joist ends.
These will also rest on the ledger boards with the exception of the two outside joists, which will get attached to both the band boards and the posts. Attach the 2 x 8 to the flat side of the stringer just past the angled edge (opposite to the upright of a tread). Check with local codes for additional requirements on stairs and railings before final inspections. Depending on the size of the deck I prefer the beams to be no more than 8’ apart and then I use 2×6 joists, this meets most code requirements but sometimes it makes more sense to space the beam up to 12’ apart and then use the size joist size appropriate to that dimension. Again I prefer using 2×6 joist set on 16” centers though with full 2” decking you can set them on 24” centers. The height you want your deck should be at least 1″ below the bottom of the door out onto it. Set up batter-boards as shown or stakes then run taut strings from the ends of the ledger to the batter-boards or stakes to establish the sides of the deck. Then dig the holes for the footings which must be deeper than the maximum frost penetration in your area, approximately 3’, and deep enough to rest on undisturbed soil. When the joist run across the top of the beam, as in this case, make sure you allow for the depth of the joist when determining the height of the beam. Building a deck, however, requires more skill and understanding of construction principles than, say, building a patio. Suddenly, you have to decide from which approach, or approaches, you’d like to access the deck. The nice thing about getting a deck under your belt, however, is that you’ll learn skills that will help when building many other projects, including garden sheds, porches, arbors and gazebos. If this is your first time signing up, you will soon receive an email asking you to confirm your choice to subscribe. You need to make the design of the deck, figure it out what you want with the deck, what the furniture that you will buy and anything else that are connected.
With a handful of tools and some basic construction knowledge, building a deck can be a simple task completed on a long weekend.
Measure 3 inches shy of 24 feet (23 feet, 9 inches---this will be explained later) moving toward the next corner and mark it with a stake.
The 8 foot pressure-treated 2 x 8s will go on the inside of the posts creating two lines of sandwiched posts. Lay the boards in two lines butted up to each other so that you can lay out both band boards at the same time. Use three 3-inch screws or spiral shank nails to attach the joists to band boards and posts. Cut out any notches or holes to work the decking around the post; this makes a nice finishing touch and keeps the posts intact for hand rail uprights. Attach the posts to the stairs with carriage bolts---you don't have to wait to for the concrete to set unless it's necessary for inspection.
Building a deck can be an intimidating project but with a little knowledge and skill, you can not only build it yourself but also enjoy it for years to come. As a rule, pressure-treated lumber is the best and cheapest choice for the structure of your deck but what you use for the visible parts of the deck will depend on your budget and the look you are after. Often a deck will only need one beam along the outer edge of the deck with the other end of the joist supported be a ledger bolted to the house.
If your span is greater then 8’ you will need to use a bigger joist and maybe even set them on 12” centers. Then run a third string between the batter-boards to establish the outside edge of the deck.
Insert some cement about 6” then add your 4×4 support post making sure it is held plumb and in line with the string.
Now mark with a chalk line and cut the ends of the joist so they are straight and then nail on the rim joist across the ends of the joists. The simplest deck, called an on-grade deck, typically requires the installation of concrete piers to which beams and joists are attached.
Flashing should then be installed so that rain and snowmelt don’t enter the joint between the ledger and house. His video-rich site offers a full range of fresh, authoritative content – practical tips, inspirational ideas, and more than 1,000 videos from Bob Vila television. For the purpose of the article we'll look at a basic deck that is freestanding, 24 feet long, rectangular and with one set of stairs.
To get started you'll need to determine what size and shape you want and how much you are willing to spend.
The ledger should be level, and the lags or bolts should be at least 3″ long and should be spaced no more than 3’ apart. Check your strings for square making sure you maintain an equal distance between the strings.
Framing hardware, such as post bases and joist hangers, are used to join all framing members. It can be romantic design, or if you have an important people that usually come to your home you can choose the elegant design. The deck sits less than one foot off the ground so there is no need to build steps, simplifying construction for the do-it-yourself deck builder.
However, before you get started check with your local city or municipality for coding and inspections.
This measurement should be 10 feet but may need to be adjusted in or out to square the angle.
Once you have that figured out, let the rest of this article help you out in building that dream deck. Again pressure-treated lumber is generally less expensive and is used for the joist even when the decking and railing maybe of a different material.
Though with some decking material you may want to leave a nail thickness between each board.
Decking (what you walk on) is fastened to the joists with screws or nails from the top, or with “invisible” fasteners from below.Such a deck will probably be less than a foot off the ground and therefore will not require railings or stairs, both of which complicate construction significantly.
Alternately you can fill the complete hole with cement bringing the cement to ground level and then insert a saddle to fasten your support post to.
Each decking board should have two fastener (nails or screws) one on each side into each joist.
If you have to build one, two or three steps to reach the door, you’ll also probably want to include a landing to make entering and exiting the house safer and easier.
Besides the composite deck boards all the others will need refinishing and sealing ever so often.
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