I came into the record business in 1957 and I worked for a Jewish fella named Benjamin who owned Birdel’s. I’ve gotten phone calls as far as Africa, calls from Seattle, Washington, Portland…all over the United States. Can you befriend everyone’s Favorite Vampire Cat Dracunyan in LEVEL-5’s YO-KAI WATCH™ Wibble Wobble?
Enter your email address to subscribe to this site and receive notifications of new articles by email. In principle, there’s no reason a digital file should produce lower-quality sound than a vinyl record.
The waveform on the left represents a low-pitch note, while the waveform on the right represents a high-pitch note. As more complicated sound is made (for instance if I speak), the strength of the pressure changes to control the volume and make a pattern (like a word). Now that we understand a little bit about how sound works, we can talk about how it’s stored on a computer. The original sound wave (left) is discretized with a low sampling rate (middle) and a high sampling rate (right). Sound is recorded on a vinyl record by copying the shape of the sound wave onto a groove on the record.
As always, if you have any questions, comments, complaints, or insults, please let us know in the comments! It seems I’ve made some serious errors when discussing the technicalities of music recording, both digital and vinyl. There is actually a big difference between lossy formats and lossless digital audio formats (which may be in fact compressed; see FLAC). The MP3 codec, for instance, is a lossy format that relies on a model of the human auditory system to estimate portions of the waveform that are difficult for the human ear to notice. As an experiment, try converting a WAV or other lossless format into pairs of files of similar sampling sampling rates (be sure to disable VBR — how to do this depends on your encoder). The sound information is actually recorded by motion on the other axis, wiggling the groove to the left and right (that is, radial motion relative to the center of the record).
I do a lot of work involving signal processing and the relationship between sampling rates and signal bandwidth.
I intentionally glossed over the trade-off between frequency and time resolution given by Fourier transform. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
Though there are no real rules when it comes to buying or selling vinyl, which is why you would want to know if the item was an original or not, there are things that are accepted as rules, which all collectors and sellers should follow. This might sounds like a no-brainer, but the truth is, many people will buy records that are touted as viny,l only to find they aren't.
For example, there was a throwback to vinyl in the late 1990s and early 2000s, and many bands decided that, in addition to their CD versions, they would do a vinyl pressing; however, not all bands did this, and not all albums are available on vinyl. Another thing that you can do when it comes to determining if a vinyl record is an original pressing is to find out when the album was first released.
You will also find that you can learn a lot about a record by considering the catalog numbers.
Like catalog numbers, matrix numbers can help determine if an album is an original vinyl pressing or not. With all of these considerations, you can get a very good idea whether or not an album is an original vinyl pressing.
With the jacket, you want to look for ring wear, mold, seams that are splitting, and wear and tear, including anything written on the album. The first thing to look for when buying vinyl records on eBay is whether the seller is displaying photos of items like matrix numbers, catalog numbers, and the record itself.
Also, take a look at the shipping information as well as any insurance information before you buy. When it comes to original vinyl pressings, making sure that you are determining the originality of one of these records is imperative if you are going to add them to your collection. By keeping all of this in mind, you will be able to buy even the finest mint vinyl available for your collection as well as discover great deals on eBay. With nearly ?30billion spent online on films, music and books through iTunes and Amazon since the beginning of the digital revolution, the digital phenomenon shows no sign of slowing down. Daft Punk and Arctic monkeys were among the artists responsible for the huge increase in LP sales last year whilst managing not to lose any digital album sales.
The upsurge of sales in both formats proves that tactile experiences can still successfully exist in a digitally dominant era. Maybe this indicates that the desire for tactile experiences can’t be digitalised, but if the two are able to successfully coexist, we foresee a great future relationship.
A combination of tangible experience and digital innovation executed properly could prove to be a powerful tool.
I was looking at some old vinyl records and though it would be neat to examine one under a microscope.
Out of interest I played around with edge detection filters in various image processing applications. You would need to perform a thorough cleaning of the record before hand to minimize dust which would drastically improve the recognition accuracy. DonateIf you enjoy the articles and software on this blog, please consider supporting the site with a PayPal donation. All product names mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. OK, so you're going to need something to play that box or two of vinyl you really couldn't ditch on.
Well have no fear, because Crosley Radio have announced the Crosley Revolution, a battery-powered wireless USB turntable. This undeniably cool article has an integrated FM transmitter so you can "tune in" to your vinyl. If you just want to listen on headphones you can, and as it runs on six AA batteries, it can even accompany you to thrift shops and record fairs: Great if you can't break the habit of crate-digging for old vinyl nuggets. Join 100,000 Digital DJ Tips members and get access to free training, our friendly forum, plus twice-weekly emails with the best of our tutorials, reviews and DJ news. As the owner of Birdel’s Record Shop in Bed-Stuy Brooklyn for more than 50 years, Long has witnessed the evolution of music from the Motown-era in the 1960s to the oversexed R&B currently on heavy rotation. I told him that I would work with him for 10 years and if he didn’t sell me the store at the end of those 10 years, I would go out on my own.
In the 50’s and 60’s radio was very instrumental in breaking an artist’s record and you had personalities and disc jockeys that went to school and learned the business of radio. It made me wonder if there’s a younger entrepreneur who could convert the shop into an online presence. In a real song, there will be many notes at once, and the note will change as the song goes on, so the change of the higher-frequency wiggles will change. Because the computer can only hold a finite amount of information, some of the waveform is necessarily lost.
The large blue dots indicate that the computer is not quite sure what the strength of the sound wave is. The shape of the groove mimics the shape of the pressure wave, just like the plots I’ve shown you above. By not recording those notes, we can reduce the size of an audio file without any obvious change in audio quality. However, to conserve space on hard drives, we often compromise between audio quality and memory usage. The groove actually looks like a tiny graph of the sound waveform, big enough to be seen with minimal magnification (well known to oldsters like me who have handled a lot of vinyl records). One way to determine the possibility of a record being pressed on vinyl is to look up information about the release of the record.
This is why it is so important to do a little research to determine if the record you want was actually made on vinyl. Once you have that determined, you probably will also want to determine its value, especially if it is meant to be part of a collection.
As with anything, however, when you shop eBay for collectibles like these, you will want to keep a few things in mind. It doesn't matter if you are new to collecting vinyl or a pro, this is information that is very important and can help you decide which albums you want to buy when you come across them for sale.
From music videos on YouTube, to iTunes libraries and apps like Spotify, people have all kinds of ways to listen to music in digital form.Yet despite these advances there remains a certain charm to a good old-fashioned vinyl record.
Streaming services such as Netflix and Spotify also keep going from strength to strength, with digital streaming contributing more than ?100million to the British music market in 2013. It would appear that the younger generation are now looking for a more tactile music experience; something that can be enjoyed and then left behind.
With free digital downloads being offered alongside vinyl purchases, the younger generation are able to combine two music formats at different ends of the spectrum; streaming music online on their phones in one instance and pulling out an LP to play in the next. While the dawn of digital may have been the downfall of vinyl it appears it has also been the cause of its resurrection, and will hopefully continue to be the reason for its growth. Based upon my preliminary results, I’m sure if someone had an automated way to capture a high resolution image of the whole record surface you could process the groove variations into a audio waveform without using a needle to create the sound. Somebody IS working on groove recognition, I was at Abbey Road last year and they were Beta testing something for a firm – which relied on hi-res pics of a side of vinyl, then scanning and playing back. And as nowadays you're a portable digital DJ gear kind of person, you don't really want a boring old record deck knocking around. It also has a USB connection, so with the accompanying software, you can rip the odd 12" that comes your way.. You'll also get weekly news and offer emails and exclusive access to members-only DJ training.
But over the years, they got rid of real disc jockeys and went to personalities like Steve Harvey who didn’t know anything about the record business. Why this is the case has to do with how sound works, and how sound is stored on a computer file. I apologize to everyone I misinformed earlier this week, I should have corrected the erroneous information now. Lossy compression makes use of interpolation and other tricks to approximate the original lossless digital signal, whereas lossless compression makes use of inherent redundancy of the digital information. It turns out that formulating accurate models of psychoacoustics is difficult, and people vary, which makes this process imperfect.
On monaural records that’s all there is, but on stereo recordings the depth of the groove actually records stereo information, specifically it represents the difference between the two channels.
I think many might be interested in your explanation, so please do correct me on sampling rate and signal bandwidth. If so, you probably know that original vinyl pressings are some of the most valuable records out there. If you do find these records on vinyl, they are not originals, and, therefore, would not be worth anything when it comes to value. For instance, the Beatles album, Abbey Road, was first released on vinyl in 1969 from Apple Records.
This can be a bit tricky; however, many labels have been swallowed up by larger labels over the years, and the label numbers can have some overlap.
The matrix number is used during the manufacturing process to determine side A from side B, but can be very helpful in determining the authenticity of an album.
Even if a record has the same catalog number, the same release date and pressed on vinyl as an original, it still may not be an original.
Some of the changes may be very subtle, but in many cases, you will notice a difference when it comes to colors or layout from one version or another. Although 2013 saw digital album sales rise by 6.8% vinyl LP sales still managed to rise by 101% compared with the previous year.
He took a moment to talk to me and say his final goodbye to the vinyl shop that has become legendary from the streets of Brooklyn to the bright lights of Tokyo. All of these people have been through this store to buy vinyl because vinyl is a big business in other countries.
The first time was back in 2007, but the community was so upset about it that I kept it open.
Imagine that I hold a string between my two hands, and I move my hands so that the string wiggles. The computer also doesn’t have perfect ability to keep track of the strength of the pressure of the wave at any given time.
Once the sampling rate is high enough, and the resolution good enough, we can’t tell the difference if the sampling rate is higher or the resolution is better. In the end, whether or not a digital file has a lower-quality sound than a vinyl record depends on the person who produced the file. So there’s no surprise that many people hear significant difference with such codecs.
Listen to the sea-alien sounds that start to happen when you start cranking down the MP3 bitrate. There is no sure-fire way of finding out if a record is an original vinyl pressing, but there are certainly methods that are used to gain a very educated guess.
The nice thing about catalog numbers is that there are databases online that will allow you to look them up. In this situation, you will want to find the original album art in order to decide if the vinyl is an original. The software would then add a polar to rectangular conversion to unspiral the tracks into a long linear waveform sequence. Join now to comment, and to get access to exclusive site content including our friendly forum, plus weekly news and offer emails. What pursued him to sell it quicker were the riots in predominately minority communities after Martin Luther King got killed. Vinyl has always been a big business, but here in the States, they downsized vinyl and went from 8-tracks to cassettes from cassettes to CDs.
Similarly, the sampling rate is determined by the width of the needle that cuts the groove.
Now, you can certainly find the 1995 version of Abbey Road, but it would not be considered a collector's item, nor would it be considered to be an original vinyl pressing.
This can help you identify the label; then you can go back and do some more research to determine if it could be an original or not.
The Beatles – Please Please MeAny Beatles album is a great (and valuable) collectable, but this 1963 debut is a true gem.
The whole town, not just here in New York, but Chicago and Detroit and Los Angeles…it all went up in smoke.
The needle tip cuts a groove the same width as the tip, and we lose all information about how things change under the needle. I will do my research more thoroughly the next time I explore a subject I don’t know well. Valued at ?3,500 in mint, the record is actually a sound financial investment, as its value will only increase with time.3. With writers who specialise in films, games, theatre and more, we've probably got what you're looking for.If you want to join the team, or are interested in advertising, then please get in touch. They burned up a lot of businesses in those communities and he decided to get out and he sold it to me.
It was like letting a horse out the barn and trying to get it back in after you let it out.
The number of times the computer measures the strength of the pressure wave is the sampling rate.
Hank Mobley – Hank MobleyThis 1957 record is a staple of old school, genuine jazz, and as such it stands out largely for its quality and Blue Note label. You could take an inventory throughout the United States and you could find out of all the record shops in the 70’s and 80’s, you probably have one percent of independent record stores left…that’s all.
When the album was recently released again (in the form of only 750 copies), they sold far more cheaply.5.
Led Zeppelin – Led ZeppelinThe value of a copy of this record is all about condition, with certain rare copies selling for over ?1,000 now and then.
Telegraph notes, copies with the original turquoise or orange sleeve are particularly valuable.7. Z – Three Parts To My SoulThis 1971 record is one of the very rarest that exists on the old Vertigo label, and that makes it a valued collectable item.
The Open Mind – The Open MindA mint condition copy of this record can net you upwards of ?750, as it always seems to be in demand. Agincourt – Fly AwayThis is a 1970 record that was originally produced in very limited numbers. Quality music, significance in hip-hop development, and rarity make for inclusion on the list.
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