12.12.2014

Life expression number 5 meaning

You will know by your heart burning within as in the Bible story a€?Walk to Emmausa€? ( Read the story in the Bible Luke 24:13-35).
Jesus was known to his friends by the a€?words.a€? Arena€™t a€?wordsa€? part of a language. Healing is between you and God and no one else unless you choose to call a Christian Science practitioner. As in all languages there are a€?Figures of Speecha€? so it is with the language of the Comforter or the language of Spirit.
Richard Lanham, in his book A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms, a€?The vast pool of terms for verbal ornamentation has acted like a gene pool for the rhetorical imagination, stimulating us to look at language in another way. Christian Science is the Science of the Christ in the language of the Comforter, God defined as Spirit, Life, Truth, Love, Mind, Soul and Principle. An example of a a€?similitudea€? from the Bible would be a€?a€¦by their fruits ye shall know them or in Genesis it says to a€?bear fruit.a€? The word a€? means to bear actual fruit or render a result. An example of a symbol would be the snake in Genesis 2 which is a symbol for evil in all ita€™s subtleness. I just love old Christian Science books because in the front or back sometimes there will be a precious inspiring quote that some one has wrote down from a lecturer or teacher of Christian Science.
If Science & Health seems hard to understand, you may need to study your Bible more because just about every statement or every other statement in Science and Health is using some verse or portion of verse from the King James version of the Bible.
Through careful study of the Bible and through reason and revelation, the Discoverer and Founder of Christian Science, clearly discerned the nature of God, and defining His nature she uses the seven synonym.
God is the creator of man, and the divine Principle of man remaining perfect, the divine idea or reflection, man remains perfect.
If you dona€™t understand something, think it through and have paper and pencil ready to record what you found. In reading through the Christian Science text book Science & Health you may want to keep a pencil handy to mark the rules.
Seeing the Man and Woman of Goda€™s creating means not looking for something wrong with a person but looking for the good.
The Tenets of The Mother Church.pdf are found on pages 15 and 16 of the Christian Science Church Manual and on page 497 of Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures by Mary Baker Eddy. Begin reading Science and Health with Key to the Scripture by Mary Baker Eddy because many people have been healed just by reading this book. Read the last chapter page 600 which are the healings and then start at the beginning on page vii. Look up words you dona€™t understand or maybe think you have some understanding but want to get a clearer view.
You will know by your heart burning within as in the Bible story a€?Walk to Emmausa€?A  ( Read the story in the Bible Luke 24:13-35).
As in all languages there are a€?Figures of Speecha€? so it is with the language of the Comforter or the language of Spirit.A  Look up each of these words in the dictionary -A A  Allegory, Definitions, Synonyms, Metaphors, Similes, Symbols and Parables. 1.a€?In the whole world of literature, both ancient and modern, figures of speech occupy a foremost place. Although many books have been written about the psychology of violence (as I learned during my days directing a program for court-referred perpetrators), Dr. The same dynamic of denial applies to entire nationsa€”and goes far toward explaining why the a€?nicesta€? and most restrained people sometimes pick up a gun. Listening to the Rhino deals not just with outwardly expressed violence, however, but with confronting and transforming archetypal violence (as imaged by the dream figure of the Rhino) manifesting from within the psyche.
Following up on Jung's advice to translate emotions into images, Dallett writes about how a symptom or an illness, whether somatic or psychogenic (or both), represents an attempt at incarnation imparted by a spiritual force badly in need of translation from a literal source of suffering into an actively lived symbolic work.
Active imagination furnishes a primary Jungian tool for this kind of deep work, but as Dallett reminds the reader, Marie-Louise von Franz always insisted on the importance of completing at least these four steps: setting the ego aside, tending the images, reacting to the images, and putting the results to work in life (italics added). This belief may well be a candidate for what Dallett identifies in another context as a pathological identification with spirit: what Jung identified as inflation. In the chapter a€?Sedating the Savage,a€? Dallett presents many examples of how psychotropic medication represses unpleasant emotions while supporting artificial idealized states of happiness and surface contentment.
While the matter of healing is a major theme of this book, the other is violence, and Dalletta€™s point here is that when violence is repressed it puts the individual and collective into grave peril. Dallett returns our attention to the potency of active imagination as a tool to activate the psychea€™s potential for literal physical healing as well as psychological wholeness.
On the cover is a picture of a rhinoceros with two birds perched on its back, a classic example of a mutually beneficial biological symbiosis.
Jungians are often the last bulwark in todaya€™s field of mental health practitioners, who remember the unavoidable reality and necessity of darkness and violence. We must develop an ego that is strong enough to contain the violent side of human nature, Dallett suggests, in order to live up to a€?what Jung saw as the millennial task (of) carrying the divine opposites of good and evil within the individuala€? (p.87). To contain the worst kinds of violence, Dallett suggests that we find a way to give expression to our destructive impulses without causing too much harm. The gist of Dalletta€™s argument, however, points towards incorporating more of the almost lost Jungian technique of Active Imagination. The Rhino did not simply show up to heal the dreamer, but to inform her that she was to serve him. In Pat Britta€™s own words a€?During my early association with The Rhino, I could tell he wanted something of me, but I did not know what. In the alchemical laboratory of human life we are also mirrors for transformations on a larger scale, the transformation of the spirit in nature.
Dallett reminds us that one-sidedness is one of our greatest dangers, be it the lopsided, misunderstood spirituality that denies the spiritual reality of violence or the overly rational slant of todaya€™s scientific community. We read in some detail here about the work of Jungian analysis, with special emphasis on active imagination, a method for bringing unknown parts of oneself into awareness and into connection with onea€™s everyday personality. Seamlessly, the book then turns to two major topics of special concern in todaya€™s world: the nature of violence and the use of psychotropic drugs.
While this discussion of violence focuses on the psychic sources of explosive violence, another section, on the use of psychotropic drugs, looks at contemporary uses of prescription drugs to damp down or cover up difficult, painful, unwelcome emotions (and violence).
What we have in this small book is the fruit of a penetrating mind nourished by long experience of the psyche, and now offering us the essence of that experience, fueled by passionate concern over issues of todaya€™s world. Why is there so much violence around us - shootings in colleges, bullying in schoolyards, violent movies in theatres, graffiti in public spaces, news on television? Janet Dallett is a Jungian analyst in her seventies, now living in Port Townsend, Washington. Britt had hundreds of Rhino dreams in the course of her nine-year analysis with Dallettt, which always focused on the meaning of his latest appearance.
Britt truly grasped the Rhino, writing poetry about him, painting his picture, and even casting him in bronze so he could stand in her front hall, and her damaged heart healed. Dallett attributes Britta€™s healing to her commitment to the Rhino, a voice for what Jung calls the Self, the God within. We are doing to the wild part of our psyche what we have done to the wild parts of the earth. The truth is, a tremendous amount of misinformation surrounds these products and it’s imperative clients know and understand this. While there are certainly exceptions to this, your clients can count on the fact that you, a licensed aesthetician, have taken the time to go through the proper training to earn the right to consult them on their skin. Simple dialogue with your clients can help them understand the level of care you put into your product selections. Many professionals using Rhonda Allison products will highlight the use of cutting-edge science, quality ingredients, choices and customization for all skin types, and the longevity of the products. Finally, any product that is sold in mass on the internet, in a mainstream store or as an MLM, is going to have some restrictions on the level of active ingredients that may be used.
Keep in mind, sometimes it takes them venturing out on their own to test those products and learn for themselves. Retail sales is one of the most profit-driven components of your business, and yet for many aestheticians it is the least. Inventory, organizing, and selling retail are big question marks for most skin care professionals.
In your inventory system notate when the product went on the shelf, and if it’s been there too long (well passed its expiration), pull it from the shelf.
To preserve the life of your products, keep them out of direct sunlight or other direct lights. Now let’s talk about how to get your products in the hands of your clients without coming across as an overly aggressive salesperson.
When you do send clients home with products, be sure to talk to them, not only about the how, why, and when to use, but about the shelf life of their home care as well.
With Rhonda Allison products specifically, it is common for colors to shift or separation to occur in many of our formulas. Weather is warming, flowers are beginning to bloom, and bright colors have started to immerge again.
Many clients are steering away from invasive treatments and turning to aesthetic professionals to help them achieve the youthful results they are looking for. While they may be used year-round, flower acids, like lotus and hibiscus, are favorites among clients this time of year.
Flower acids can be used in tandem with numerous other pro-youth formulas, to create custom results. Organic Herbal Peel – for clients with oiler skin conditions, this is an ideal treatment as the Italian Herbal Peel balances excess oil production, while the Hibiscus Peel stimulates cellular turnover and healing.
White Lotus Peel – a beautiful treatment for brightening, exfoliation, eliminating bacteria, and delivering anti-inflammatory support. To enhance the results, some treatments may be used in combination with other advanced modalities like microdermabrasion. This season, get clients in the springtime mood by making renew and re-youth the focus of your spa. This post will provide a look inside the Skin of Color Peel – a treatment designed specifically to support skin of color and decrease the risk of unwanted side effects such as post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).
Like the Skin of Color Facial, this specialized peel treatment provides a gentle, yet effective approach to addressing the hard-to-treat issues specifically associated with higher Fitzpatricks. To help control the pigment and support overall brightening, this treatment begins with a cleanse using the Skin Brightening Cleanser.
During the peel application the Mint Papaya Enzyme and unique H2O2 Emulsion will soften and digest cells, oxygenate the tissue while loosening surface-trapped debris and toxicity, and continue the brightening and pigmentation control. Once this combination is removed, the Melanin Suppressant Solution makes a second appearance followed by the Mandelic Arginine Peel to further prevent the formation of damaging radicals. Our goal is to create a dialogue about how ancestry impacts the skin and mitigate concerns surrounding the various challenges and sensitivities associated with skin of any color.
There is often trepidation when it comes to working with skin of varying ancestries in the treatment room for the simple fact that every skin comes with it’s own set of challenges and sensitivities. These were both designed specifically to support skin of color and the sensitivities such as, scarring and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), commonly associated with the skin. This highly targeted treatment addresses the hard-to-treat issues specifically associated with ethnic skin.
With skin of color, PIH is a common issue, and thus it’s important to support the skin with skin-building ingredients as well as those that inhibit melanin production. To soften cells and remove cellular buildup, the Derma Peel and Mint Papaya Enzyme are combined, creating a wonderful sensation and aroma clients love. Following the ChronoPeptide A and luscious Milk Mask, the Mandelic Arginine Peel makes a second appearance. To download the step-by-step protocol for Skin of Color Facial click here and for additional information on working with skin of color, see our previous post. Just two decades ago, working with skin of color was unknown territory – and that challenge intrigued me. Cell layers – Thickness and density of some ethnicities will require special attention to remove epidermal layers. Inflammatory responses – Skins of color have heightened sensitivity to inflammation that may increase susceptibility to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).
Every ancestry has certain skin challenges specific to it, and this will significantly direct the type of treatment you perform. Black skin – sensitivity to PIH, keloid formation, and pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB).
While every client will have different ingredients that work best with their skin type, there are a few intelligent ingredients that generally work with most skins and produce beautiful results. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) – an essential protein and powerful cell regenerator that supports cell renewal and wound repair. Mandelic acid – this is a safe go-to acid that universally may be used successfully on all skins of color. Daisy flower (bellis perennis) extract – a gentle, yet highly effective natural skin lightener that influences different pathways involved in melanin formation, counteracting age spots and balancing hyperpigmentation.
Retinol – a vitamin A derivative that converts to retinoic acid and is a DNA regulator. Melanin suppressants – typically a combination of natural lightening ingredients such as kojic acid, L-arbutin, azelaic acid, L-ascorbic acid. Thermus thermophilus ferment extract – a deep-sea microorganism used to fight free radicals. Zinc oxide – provides natural sun barrier, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and soothing, healing support. The next blog post will cover two new treatments we’ve created specifically for skin of color. Taking time to reflect and renew will enable you to start the new year off fully charged and inspired. Learn a new skill – why not set the goal to learn a new technique, modality or tool in the treatment room? Do or see something new – this may seem more about personal development, but it inevitably spills over to the professional life as well. Make time to do what you love – recharging your batteries is absolutely essential to being effective in your professional life. This time of year brings so many opportunities to offer clients some very special treatment.
The Unwrap & Glow is a progressive peel designed to deliver glowing, pro-youth results without the downtime. The facial starts with two-step preparation using the Milk Plus Cleanser and the holiday Cherry Cleanser, which will polish the skin and envelop the senses in the tantalizing scent of ripe cherries. To further support the brightening and illuminating properties of the step prior, the Hibiscus Peel will leave the skin radiant, hydrated and rejuvenated.
The treatment begins with the tantalizing Cherry Cleanser which provides a deep cleanse while simultaneously polishing the skin. To awaken the senses following the relaxing massage, whip together the Grape Seed Parfait Mask and Chocolate Antioxidant Mask. Wisp, Bliss, and Enlighten are the three popular shades for lighter Fitzpatrick skin tones. The mineral crème works well for normal to dry skin because it increases hydration without adding heaviness.
For oily skins, the powder is best applied immediately following a daily moisturizer, and Daytime Defense or Sheer Tint Finisher.
Not only does it form differently in different skins, it may also appear in varying degrees of severity. Regardless, it’s something numerous clients struggle with and may, at times, significantly impact the self esteem. It begins with understanding how scars form and why; then determining the type of scarring you are working with so that you may create a customized treatment. The potential for scarring occurs when the breakout penetrates the skin deeply, damaging the tissue beneath. When you know the level of scarring you are able to determine the best course of treatment. When addressing acne scarring, the ultimate goal is to remove surface cells to allow strengthening and corrective ingredients and oxygen to penetrate the skin. Microdermabrasion – this is very effective in reducing scars as it removes cells of the stratum corneum allowing other corrective and nourishing ingredients to better penetrate the skin.
Microneedling – deeper microneedling procedures work well to remodel scar tissue, but caution must be exercised here. Depending on the client’s skin and severity of scarring, a peel may be combined with microdermabrasion. For clients on a program to correct scarring, be sure to integrate epidermal growth factors, peptides, hyaluronic acid, and essential fatty acids into their home care system.
Starting with the type of scar, then taking into account the client’s specific skin type, and their overall goal will help shape the type of treatment to use.
When trying to deliver results for clients, it can be easy to overlook pre- and post-treatments, making the peel or resurfacing treatment the star of the show.
Pigmentation – for clients who may have pigmentation issues, higher Fitzpatricks, or if you are performing a deep peel, using a brightener or tyrosinase inhibitor will help suppress melanin, and may help eliminate post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), as well as brighten overall skin tone.
Acne – antibacterial support prior to treatment will not only help eliminate bacteria, but also the potential for excessive purging that occurs with acne skin. Acne scarring – depending on the build-up underneath skin, performing a pre-treatment will help enhance results, however a more aggressive approach is needed. Aging – the right pre-treatment can help stimulate collagen and elastin, and support healing. Sensitive skin – for sensitive, rosacea-prone or thinner skin, a pre-treatment will start the building process, help the epidermis layer loosen, increase energy, and provide anti-inflammatory and antibacterial support.
As I mentioned, when performing peels, you are creating an injury to the skin that disrupts the protective barrier resulting in a wound.
Pruritus (itching) – post peel itching is common for many skins, not just sensitive skins. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) – this is often caused by picking, so be sure to educate clients about the importance of not picking the skin that is peeling.
Discomfort or pain – this will generally ease after the first 24 hours, however you can support clients with ingredients that will reduce inflammation and provide cooling, soothing relief. While there are other complications that may occur, ingredients that support healing, and provide anti-inflammatory and soothing support will be important components to any post-care system.
Of course there are a variety of factors that come into play here – overall health, stress levels, sun exposure, medications, and the list goes on. One of our educators, Devin Romero, put it best when he said the pigmentation process resembles that of an assembly line. First a trigger (such as UV exposure) sends a signal to melanocyte-stimulating hormones that the skin is in need of protection.
After tyrosine is signaled, the melanocyte cell receives a message to produce pigmentation (melanin). These melanosomes are then dispersed upward through the granular layer via dendrites to keratinocytes where they form melanin caps, which reduce DNA damage caused by UV exposure. Common triggers that kick start this cycle include: the sun, inflammation, injury, hormonal changes, friction, medications, aggressive skin care products, an even acne (in the form of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation).
In healthy conditions, the pigmentation that is produced in response to potential damage will eventually diffuse or fade on its own, but in some cases a permanent discoloration can occur.
Luckily there are a number of ingredients that help support the skin and control hyperpigmentation. Bellis perennis flower (daisy flower) – a gentle, natural brightener derived from daisies.
Arbutin (L) – a natural plant-based derivative of hydroquinone (HQ) with tyrosinase abilities. Kojic acid – derived from Japanese mushrooms, it works to effectively inhibit melanin synthesis. Lactic acid (L) – this keratoyltic AHA has natural brightening abilities, works to smooth skin and improve texture. Azelaic acid – a grain- and yeast-derived compound, it helps normalize disordered cell growth, provides antioxidant and anti-inflammatory support, and helps effectively treat acne-related post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Some products to turn to include, the Skin Brightening Cleanser, Brightening Scrub, Brightening Pigment Lotion, Mandelic Arginine Serum, ChronoPeptide A, Naturale Mega Brightening Serum, Skin Brightening Gel, and Daytime Defense SPF 30. In the last post, we covered some of the basics of setting up an Instagram account, and the ins and outs of etiquette on the platform. Instagram is a tremendous platform for building your brand awareness and engaging your customers and loyal fans.
In the last post, we covered some of the basics of setting up an Instagram account, and the ins and outs of etiquette on the platform. On Instagramall photos become square so keep that in mind when snapping photos, particularly if you are not taking a photo within the app. Hashtags – using multiple hashtags allows you to reach a broader audience and gain new followers, however when used in excess they can make the post appear messy.
Geotagging, whether at your business, or an off-property event, is another great way for people to find your account.
Just as users can use hashtags and geotags to find you, you can do the same to connect with or find current and potential customers in your area. While you don’t have to follow everyone that follows your business, always take the time to interact via replies to comments, likes, etc. Whatever the reason, there are a few best practices you can implement to help grow your follower count and be sure you are keeping them engaged. If you haven’t set up your account yet, you are in a great position to set a solid foundation to work from. If using a hashtag for people to submit photos, always ask via a comment on the photo to make sure it’s ok for you to re-share it.
Freezing peptides are also known as neurotransmitter peptides and the primary function is to inhibit acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction. Argireline (acetyl hexapeptide 8) – this peptide effects muscle contraction in the pre-synaptic membrane. Inyline (acetyl hexapeptide 30) – this is a fairly new peptide that specifically targets wrinkle expression through a post-synaptic approach, which means it blocks muscle-specific kinase. Dipeptide Diaminobutyroyl Benzylamide Diacetate – a small peptide that mimics the polypeptide found in the venom of the Temple Viper. With these freezing peptides, the message to contract becomes unclear, therefore the action of muscle contraction is weakened and the wrinkle is not formed.
They can be found in our Eye Revitalizer, Amino Peptide Serum, Peptide 38, and RA for Men Mineral Freeze. We will start posting some of these questions on the blog, as they can help many of you no matter where you may be in your practice.
Rhonda said: Perfection Clay has sulfur and it will really fire out the pebbly congestion as well as clean up the bacteria and balance oil.
Anne said: Hyaluronic Serum attracts water moisture to the skin and both of your moisturizers focus on hydration. Liz said: Your client can also pair Cucumber Spritz with the Hyaluronic Serum and that will really help to keep the moisture in the skin, and it is also very refreshing and gives skin a drink of water.
I have combined this device with blended enzymes before and, on some clients, gotten mild flaking afterward. Sharon said: I do a basic deep pore facial ($95, no devices) and a customized facial for $125 - $150.
I’m curious as to which products would be the best ones to keep on hand for the clients who cannot afford the Minus 10 Collection kit? Anne said: I would say ChronoPeptide A and Peptide 38 would have the most impact, and be sure and have one of the moisturizers. Shannon said: You can carry them all but do different recommendations for each where they start with 3 products instead of 6 and then build the regimen from there (but individually instead of from the box). Aubree said: I would highly recommend starting with ChronoPeptide A as a corrective truly is a must in every skin care regimen. WHAT WAS ONE OF THE MOST CHALLENGING THINGS YOU ENCOUNTERED IN OWNING AND OPERATING YOUR SPA? What was one of the most challenging things you encountered in owning and operating your spa?
Since I had such a passion for the work, what really excited me the most was the change and results I would see with clients. Being able to speak before a large group. I would get so sick to my stomach and almost cancel! Well my role has changed drastically over the last several years, and I now really enjoy watching it all! Description: This highly significant map of the world eluded examination by modern scholars for nearly four hundred years until its re-discovery in 1901 by the Jesuit historian, Joseph Fisher, in the library of Prince von Waldburg zu Wolfegg-Waldsee at the Castle of Wolfegg, WA?rttemberg Germany. It had long been suspected that Martin WaldseemA?ller, a professor of cosmography at the school in St. The purpose of this little book is to write a description of the world map, which we have designed both as a globe and as a projection [tam in solido quam plano]. Martin WaldseemA?llera€™s Universalis Cosmographia secundum Ptholomei Traditionem et Americi Vespucci aliorum Lustrationes [A Map of the World According to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Voyages of Amerigo Vespucci] was designed on a single cordiform projection and engraved on twelve wooden blocks (21 x 30 inches each; 54 x 96 inches overall) at Strasburg and printed at St.
In Plate IX of the map, numbering the plates from left to right, the top row first, WaldseemA?ller re-asserts that he is particularly delineating the lands discovered by Vespucci.
A general delineation of the various lands and islands, including some of which the ancients make no mention, discovered lately between 1497 and 1504 in four voyages over the seas, two by Fernando of Castile, and two by Manuel of Portugal, most serene monarchs, with Amerigo Vespucci as one of the navigators and officers of the fleet; and especially a delineation of many places hitherto unknown. Vespucci claimed that on his first voyage he made discoveries along the coasts of Honduras and the Gulf of Mexico.
In describing the general appearance of the world, it has seemed best to put down the discoveries of the ancients, and to add what has since been discovered by the moderns, for instance, the land of Cathay, so that those who are interested in such matters and wish to find out various things, may gain their wishes and be grateful to us for our labor, when they see nearly everything that has been discovered here and there, or recently explored, carefully and clearly brought together, so as to be seen at a glance. This mapa€™s greatest claim to immortality, however, is contained in the simple word of seven letters, America, the earliest known use of that name to describe the newly found fourth part of the world, placed on the southern continent (present-day South America) of the world map only by WaldseemA?ller. More than four years had elapsed since Amerigo Vespucci announced what he claimed to be the discovery of an entirely new continent, and as yet that new continent had no satisfactory name.
In the first years of the new century, a group of scholars decided to produce a revised edition of the Cosmography of Ptolemy (#119) to meet the urgent need for new maps, according to the new discoveries. Martin WaldseemA?ller, a native of Freiburg in the Breisgau and appointed Professor of Geography at St.
Toward the South Pole are situated the southern part of Africa, recently discovered, and the islands of Zanzibar, Java Minor, and Seula. The name appeared in Halmal, a semi-divine mythical forefather or ancestor of the Amelungen, or royal tribe of the Ostrogoths, which was called A–mlunger. Returning to the map, it is curious to note that while the name America appeared on the new continent (South America) of the new hemisphere on the world map, WaldseemA?ller did not choose to use it on the small inset map of the western hemisphere, where South America is labeled Terra Incognita.
By selecting the name America for a major portion of the new discoveries, WaldseemA?ller was not unaware of the contributions of Columbus and intended no denial of the credit properly due him. Plate I, in the upper left-hand corner, contains an inscription that explains WaldseemA?llera€™s ideas as to the location of the lands discovered by Vespucci and Columbus. Many have regarded as an invention the words of a famous poet [Virgil] that a€?beyond the stars lies a land, beyond the path of the year and the sun, where Atlas, who supports the heavens, revolves on his shoulders the axis of the world, set with gleaming starsa€?, but now finally it proves clearly to be true. Instead of a€?19 degreesa€? he should have written a€?29 degreesa€? which, when added to the 23 degrees of the tropic, would have made the a€?52 degreesa€? given in the a€?thirda€? voyage as Amerigo Vespuccia€™s farthest south. The remarkable geographical features of the WaldseemA?ller map are, however, more important than the giving of a name to one of them. These close approximations to geographical actualities were natural corollaries of Amerigoa€™s great a€?discoverya€™ of a a€?fourth part of the worlda€?. WaldseemA?ller places a land to the west of Isabella Insula [Cuba], as do many of the other mapmakers of his time, La Cosa, Cantino, Ruysch and Caveri (#305, #308, #313, #307). To the south, the long attenuated form given to both Terra Ulteria€? Incognita and to America, the west coasts of which are, as it were, rolled back to indicate WaldseemA?llera€™s lack of knowledge of these areas.
Leaving the New World discoveries, one cannot help but notice the striking resemblance between WaldseemA?llera€™s a€?Old Worlda€? outline and that presented by Henricus Martellus Germanus in his map of 1490 (#256). Although many of the ancients were interested in marking out the circle of the land, things remained unknown to them in no slight degree; for instance, in the west, America, named after its discoverer, which is to be reckoned a fourth part of the world. In addition to Caveri, Martellus and Ptolemy, other sources synthesized by WaldseemA?ller include the narratives of Marco Polo, whose data concerning the geography of eastern China and the adjacent islands, though already known to the world in the map of Fra Mauro (#249), the Catalan Atlas (#235) and in globes such as those of Behaim (#258), are now for the first time embodied in a popular printed sheet map; and the Northmen, whose explorations in Mare Glaciale and in the neighborhood of Greenland were known from the maps of Claudius Clavus and those of Donnus Nickolaus Germanus. Thus, derived chiefly from Caveria€™s map (#307), itself based in many particulars upon the Cantino world map of 1502 (#308), the WaldseemA?ller production of 1507 transmitted the features of both to an impressive list of succeeding maps, globes and globe gores reaching to 1520 and well beyond.
Of the same year as the map itself, and displaying its features, was the previously alluded to printed globe issued by WaldseemA?ller, known today only by two sets of globe gores on uncut sheets.
WaldseemA?ller, himself, continued his cartographic production beginning with a revised edition of Ptolemya€™s Geographia (eventually published by others), which included a Supplement composed of 20 maps claimed by some scholars to be a€?the first modern atlas of the worlda€™. The regression of WaldseemA?ller to the Columbian conception of Cuba as a part of the continent of Asia was without question confusing to those who saw the map of 1516 with its specific legend. One can hardly overemphasize the significance in cartographic history, therefore, of the printed WaldseemA?ller productions of 1507 - world map, insets, and globe gores.
The name America (applied to present-day Brazil) appeared for what is believed the first time on Martin WaldseemA?ller's 1507 world map a€” the so-called Baptismal Certificate of the New World.
AMERICA, we learn as schoolchildren, was named in honor of Amerigo Vespucci a€” for his discovery of the mainland of the New World. Traditional history lessons about the discovery of America also raise questions about the meaning of discovery itself. And yet, despite the issue of who discovered America, we are still confronted with the awesome fact that it was the voyages of Columbus, and not earlier ones, that changed the course of world history. Carew is resurrecting the ideas of Jules Marcou, a prominent French geologist who while studying North America argued, as did other 19th-century writers, that the name America was brought back to Europe from the New World; and that Vespucci had changed his name to reflect the name of his discovery.
Like Marcou, Carew wants us to believe that America was not named after Vespucci, but vice versa; that Vespucci had, so to speak, re-named himself after his discovery, gilding his given name by modifying it to reflect the significance of his discovery.
Some scholars believe Vespucci was named after Saint Emeric, son of the first king of Hungary.
As was the custom of the Florentine nobility, Vespucci received an education that featured special instruction in the sciences connected with navigation a€” natural philosophy, astronomy, and cosmography a€” in which he excelled.
During the first half of the 20th century, scholars discovered further evidence that clears away the cloud of misunderstanding and ignorance by which Vespucci has long been obscured. The voyage completed by Vespucci between May 1499 and June 1500 as navigator of an expedition of four ships sent from Spain under the command of Alonso de Hojeda is certainly authentic. Under Portuguese auspices he completed a second expedition, which set sail from Lisbon on May 31, 1501. Vespucci not only explored unknown regions but also invented a system of computing exact longitude and arrived at a figure computing the earth's equational circumference only fifty miles short of the correct measurement.
The new geography included in its appendix WaldseemA?ller's large, stunning map of the world, on which the New World is boldly labeled AMERICA a€” in the middle of present-day Brazil. The baptismal passage in the Cosmographiae Introductio has commonly been read as argument, in which the authors said that they were naming the newly discovered continent in honor of Vespucci and saw no reason for objections. Even though the Latinization of Americus fits a pattern, why did the cosmographers not employ Albericus (hence the assumption that "Alberigo" was Vespucci's authentic Christian name), the Latinization that had already been used for Amerigo's name as the author of the Mundus Novus?
Did America get its name through oral tradition when those who had sailed with Columbus or Vespucci circulated stories that gold was to be found in the Amerrique Mountains of Nicaragua?
The coast at the foot of the Amerrique Mountains that faces the Caribbean Sea is called the Mosquito Coast, named for the Mosquito Indians, who live there still. The Caribs, traveling far from their Carib or Cariay coast, could see the Amerriques in the distance, and these mountains for them could have signified the mainland. Rodney Broomea€™s recent book, Terra Incognita: The True Story of How America Got Its Name (2001), in which he argues for the Amerike theory, is a very good read, but ultimately lacks the hard evidence to support the authora€™s claim. An early version of this essay appeared in The American Voice (1988) and a section in Encounters (1991).
In late May 2003, the Library of Congress completed the purchase of the only surviving copy of the first image of the outline of the continents of the world as we know them todaya€” Martin Waldseemullera€™s monumental 1507 world map. Martin Waldseemuller, the primary cartographer of the map, was a sixteenth-century scholar, humanist, cleric, and cartographer who had joined the small intellectual circle, the Gymnasium Vosagense, organized in Saint-DieI?, France. Thus, in northeast France was born the famous 1507 world map, entitled Universalis cosmographia secunda Ptholemei traditionem et Americi Vespucci aliorum que lustrationes (A drawing of the whole earth following the tradition of Ptolemy and the travels of Amerigo Vespucci and others).
While it has been suggested that Waldseemuller incorrectly dismissed Christopher Columbusa€™s great achievement in history by the selection of the name America for the Western Hemisphere, it is evident that the information that Waldseemuller and his colleagues had at their disposal recognized Columbus's previous voyages of exploration and discovery. By 1513, when Waldseemuller and the Saint-DieI? scholars published the new edition of Ptolemy's Geographiae, and by 1516, when his famous Carta Marina was printed, Waldseemuller had removed the name America from his maps, perhaps suggesting that even he had second thoughts in honoring Vespucci exclusively for his understanding of the New World. A reported one thousand copies of the 1507 map were printed, which was a sizeable print run in those days.
The Library of Congress's Geography and Map Division acquired in 1903 the facsimiles made of the 1507 and 1516 maps.
Library of Congress and specialists in the Library were encouraged to investigate the opportunity.
The 1507 world map is now the centerpiece of the outstanding cartographic collections of the Library of Congress, as it would be for any world class cartographic collection. The Librarya€™s acquisition of the Waldseemuller map represents an important moment to renew serious research into this exceptional map, to determine the sources which made possible its creation, and to investigate its contemporary impact and acceptance.
Through agreement with Prince Waldburg-Wolfegg and the government of Germany, the 1507 world map by Martin Waldseemuller is to be placed on permanent display in the Library of Congressa€™s Great Hall area in the Thomas Jefferson Building. DESCRIPTION: The existence of sets of gores for making into a globe had been surmised for some time from the discussion in WaldseemA?llera€™s CosmographiA¦ Introductio. That which adds special significance to this young Germana€™s representations of the new lands, so far as a study of globes is concerned, is the repeated recurrence of his particular outlines or contours in the globe maps of the first quarter of the century, produced by such cartographers as Johann SchA¶ner of NA?rnberg (#328), and by those of his school. In a little tract, printed in Strassburg in the year 1509, there appears to be a reference to a globe which may be that constructed by WaldseemA?ller.
The twelve such gores, measuring 18 x 34.5 cm, corresponding very closely to those described by WaldseemA?ller were for a long time in the Hauslab-Leichtenstein collection and are now in the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. The world outline is a simplified reduction of WaldseemA?llera€™s large map of 1507 (#310) with relatively few names but (when mounted) sufficient for illustrative purposes. Martin WaldseemA?ller, theologian and cosmographer, and Matthias Ringmann, a humanist poet, were brought to the monastery of St. Although it is likely that the simple globe gores, their model or a€?Marquettea€? of the New World view, would have been available with each issue of the Cosmographiae, the large 12 sheet wall-map, would have been too expensive to be sold as widely. Considerable speculation, misinformation and some misunderstanding has surrounded these globe gores and the large world map.
A little more than a year ago, on February 9, 2010, Madison Violet appeared as part of John Platta€™s On Your Radar series at the Living Room in New York Citya€™s East Village. Although it is sporadically written that fiddler Natalie MacMaster is a relative, they are not related. Brenley MacEachern was born in Montreal and grew up in a small Scottish community in the town of Kincardine on the shores of Lake Huron. Brenley started writing, but harshly appraises her efforts as a€?pretty rough.a€? She didna€™t really know how to write using the guitar, so a couple of times shea€™d get together with another guitar player and sing the melody while he played along, but never liked the end result.
Both Brenley and Lisa thought they were going to work in the medical field, Brenley as a lab technician and Lisa as a pharmacist. Lisa states, a€?I was in grade 12 and was asked to do a musical comedy touring show called the Cape Breton Summertime Review.
From online interviews we learned that Brenley had bought a looping machine and had looped her own voice. The longer they played together, the rootsier their sound got, the old record collection seeping in more and more. Of particular influence was an album they discovered around 2005 by Nick Lowe called The Convincer (released in 2001), which had a feel that reminded them of the old a€?Charlie Rich days.a€? The writing was a€?so strong,a€? said Brenley, it convinced them to go back to their roots.
When they sold their albums at shows, the fans took note of the more-produced sound on the CDs as opposed to the stripped-down sound of their live performances. Les Cooper, a big Alison Krause fan and a local Toronto producer, was their choice to guide their most recent album, No Fool for Trying. I forgot to ask if the pedal steel on the first track, a€?Ransom,a€? was a result of the girlsa€™ insistence.
While I love their latest CD, Ia€™m going to have to attest that I love hearing them rock out on their earlier work. Brenley was exposed to music from the time she was very young.A  There were two cousins who played guitar and everyone on her fathera€™s side of the family sang. Brenley started writing, but harshly appraises her efforts as a€?pretty rough.a€? She didna€™t really know how to write using the guitar, so a couple of times shea€™d getA  together with another guitar player and sing the melody while he played along, but never liked the end result. Lisa states, a€?I was in grade 12 and was asked to do a musical comedy touring show called the Cape BretonA  Summertime Review. When they started out, and Brenley asked Lisa to jam on fiddle and sing a bit with Zoebliss, an a€?ambient trip-hop band,a€? they were light years away from their current style.
Eddy says a€?In the year 1866, I discovered the Christ Science or divine laws of Life, Truth, and named my discovery Christian Science. Eddy, you can find her autobiography, Retrospection and Introspection (Ret or Retro and Intro) in your local Christian Science Reading Room.
Eddy says in her own words in the chapter a€?The Great Revelationa€?, Christian Science reveals Mind, the only living and true God, and all that is made by Him, Mind, as harmonious, immortal, and spiritual: the five material senses define Mind and matter as distinct, but mutually dependent, each on the other, for intelligence and existence. In other words, do you want to understand divine Love the language of Spirit to heal yourself?
Eddy] had talked about the great need of love in everything we do, a pupil asked, a€?Do you mean love of person?a€™ Mrs. Check out this Partial List of Healings in Scripture.pdf in the Old and New Testament in the King James Bible. To heal is being a€?Prayed upa€? by studying the Lesson Sermon daily, doing daily identification work and listening to God - inspiration. This word from the Greek means a€?Divine influence upon the heart, and the reflection in lifea€?. In one old book this quote was transcribed from a lecture given by Christians Science Practitioner, Lecturer and Teacher Geith Plimmer.
These terms can be found in the Glossary of Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures on page 587: 5. Eddy says this, a€?The procuring cause and foundation of all sickness is fear, ignorance, or sin.
Eddy says about Christ Jesus, a€?We have the gospel, however, and our Master annulled the material law by healing contrary to it.


The Science of the Christ uses terminology and symbolism to make clear the spiritual ideas or rules. Eddy points out a€?The chief difficulty in conveying the teachings of divine Science accurately to human thought lies in this, that like all other languages, English is inadequate to the expression of spiritual conceptions and propositions, because one is obliged to use material terms in dealing with the spiritual ideas.
Eddy is talking about when it comes to thinking and mortal thought - Mortal Mind a€“ a€?brainologya€?. The rules are through out the writings of the Bible and Science and Health with Key to Scripture.
Eddy says this about God and his promise, a€?Divine Love always has met and always will meet every human need.a€? According to the Bible, God promises health, supply, peace of mind, courage, strength, and many other good things.
InA  other words, do you want to understand divine Love the language of Spirit to heal yourself? Eddy] had talked about the great need of love in everything we do, a pupil asked, a€?Do you mean love of person?a€™A  Mrs. The Sacred Scriptures abound in them, because the Hebrew mind delighted in Oriental imagery. There are over a thousand Bible verses from the Kings James Bible.A  These versesA  are listed in the book The Complete Concordance to the Writings of Mary Baker Eddy and it is also on a CD. Dallett's clearly and concisely written book offers thoughtful and sometimes surprising reflections, case anecdotes, and scholarly musings on violence as a spiritual problem.
It is easy for introverts in particular to skip the final step, but doing so severs inner from outer, contemplation from action. James Hillman has presented a similar critique, which can be summed up by the dictum: Silence the symptom and lose the soul.
It is tiresome to be reminded that Jung believed active imagination to be the sine qua non of coming to terms with the unconscious.
Oxpeckers or a€?tick birdsa€? sit on top of the rhino eating insects and noisily warn of approaching danger. It contains big ideas that deserve to be pondered and digested many times and reading this book is an excellent way to re-engage this material. Dallett reminds us that the etymology of the word a€?violencea€? suggests a close relationship between violence and God. Dallett makes a convincing case that our culturea€™s addiction to love, peace and happiness in effect creates senseless violence and that we must learn and find a way to teach our children, that the terrible side of life is not going anywhere. Dallett reminds us that, once a respectful and responsible attitude towards the unconscious psyche has been developed, the meditative dialogue of Active Imagination is the technique for the on-going and life- long task of engaging emerging images. Dallett grounds her reflections by allowing us a glimpse into the lives of two former patients, Pat and Teresa and she shows us the difference in attitude of these two women towards powerful inner animal dream figures.
Britt had this dream, but because she took the image seriously and engaged it for decades to come.
It is a potentially dangerous, primitive animal that has visited the dreams and fantasies of Ms.
Dallett makes the analogy to the alchemical work, which Jung had translated into psychological terminology. At first I thought his message was personal a€“ urging me to view life as whole, not with the limited eye of my rational ego. Our collective ego is still trying to maintain its autonomy in relation to the larger mysteries while the power of the feminine in her own totality is pressing into consciousness. This discussion is unusually clear and thorough, giving a readable and rounded picture of this form of psychological worka€”both its potentiality for healing and its dangers.
And why are we so fascinated by violence that crime, killing, and war are often at the top of the news?
I hear him pronounce: a€?If a thing is worth doing it is worth doing easily!a€? By this he means, according to Britt, that if a thing is worth doing it is worth taking the time to get to know it, so the thing can show you how it wants to be done. When connected to your inner program something beyond the ego comes to your aid, but when you try to go against your destiny you hit a wall.
Later she realized he wanted to reach a wider audience; he wanted to speak for life, all life, animals, plants and the earth itself. We North Americans have naively idealized the Christian virtues of kindness and self-sacrifice, dangerously repressing our so-called negative emotions.
We are sedating the suffering of body and soul with psychoactive drugs, unaware that pain is a reaction against something that needs to change.
Yes, these mass-marketed sensations that promise the world in a bottle, but really only deliver ho-hum results at best, and a mess to clean up at worse, have challenged skin care professionals since the beginning of the profession.
Chances are your clients have inquired about a Rodan and Fields, Arbonne, or Nerium product. For one, representatives who sell them are not required to undergo any professional skin care training.
You understand what makes their skin unique and how different ingredients are either going to work in harmony with their skin or work against it. For instance, you might say something like, “I have researched and selected my retail products very carefully. As well as the fact that they were developed by a licensed aesthetician with a background in cosmeceuticals.
Remember, fad buying and flavors of the month will always exist, and women will always have their eye out for the next thing that promises to turn back the hands of time.
Inevitably, they often do come back with a half empty jar of a product that cost several hundred dollars to show you the culprit behind an undesirable outcome. The best place to start is by analyzing and detecting patterns in the types of clients you service. For instance, if you have an acne care home system, group a cleanser, corrective, and skin-building and protection formula together. Be sure the area is dust free as this will tend to make clients think the products have been sitting for a while and may not be fresh. This will come naturally following a treatment as you may recommend a home care system to enhance and maintain the desired results.
It has to do with the choice of natural ingredients used to elicit color or not using a lot of stabilizers, sometimes it is due to the actives themselves and how they begin to shift over time.
With the right blend of flower and other rejuvenating acids, bright, healthy, smooth, and firm skin may be achieved without the down time that comes with invasive treatments. These non-irritating, yet powerful rejuvenators provide potent re-youth and brightening benefits, protect from free radicals, deliver hydration and antioxidant support. The Maui Peel, Mandelic Arginine Peel, and Hibiscus Peel stimulate collagen production, hydrate, and reduces the appearance of fine line and wrinkles. The unique combination of rejuvenating flower and wine acids in the Lotus Peel, Apple Wine Peel, and the Vitamin A+ Peptide Peel works to brighten, tighten, and protect the skin from free-radical damage. Typically enzymes and acids used prior to a microdermabrasion treatment will aid in loosening the cells of the stratum corneum to complete the lifting process, and more effectively smooth and polish the skin. Remember to always use caution and assess the client’s skin before performing any advanced modalities, especially in tandem with other rejuvenating treatments. And where this is most common is in working with skins of varying ancestries simply because every skin comes with it’s own set of challenges and sensitivities. However, it’s also all the more reason to seek the proper training to overcome the fear. To help skincare professionals understand how ancestry impacts the skin, and how to safely and effectively work with all skins to create optimum results. It will brighten and even the skin ton, smooth and soften rough texture, and improve acne conditions.
This is followed by a combination of the Cell Conditioner and Melanin Suppressant Solution as a pre-peel to help prevent PIH, stimulate collagen production, and deliver anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial support. This will stimulate desquamation, smooth the skin, reduce fine lines and uneven pigmentation, and leave the skin absolutely radiant. But being adept in working with skin of any color is a tremendous asset – and that is why we decided to make 2016 the year of colour!
This post will cover some of the key components of the Skin of Colour Facial and why certain ingredients were selected. It offers a gentle, yet effective enzymatic exfoliation while infusing the skin with nourishing, corrective support. That is why this treatment begins with a nourishing cleanse using a combination of the Milk Plus and Melanin Suppressant Solution, followed by the Cell Conditioner. This time, however, it is layered with growth factors (via the Growth Factor Serum Plus), Daytime Defense SPF30, and Hydra Complex.
Progressive treatments and corrective facials are generally the best place to start, particularly if there is scarring or hyperpigmentation. Derived from almonds, this antiseptic rejuvenating acid has lightening and restorative properties.
It is a relatively safe, low-risk acid, as it is self-neutralizing and produces a drying and lifting effect. It assists in the synthesis of collagen, aids in the formation of blood vessels and encourages healthy cell formation. Look to the Rhonda Allison Melanin Suppressant Solution to brighten the skin, and provide antibacterial and antioxidant support, while minimizing PIH during the peel.
While this truly is a personal journey for every individual, there are a few things you might consider incorporating that that can help you have a stand out year – personally and professionally. You might seek out educational webinars (the ASCP is a good resource for these), industry conferences like Face & Body or IECSC, continued education courses, or training sessions in your local area (often these are provided by product manufacturers).
Your network can be large or small, but it will only be effective if you work to strengthening it. New experiences help us grow, widen our views, or even pick up new approaches to something. And we know one thing that might help fulfill all of the above mentioned…the RA Symposium. Though the season is filled with merriment and joy, it’s also not without its stresses.
It features the limited edition Cherry Cleanser, a triple pre-peel and the illuminating Hibiscus Peel. Following the prep, a three-step process using the Cell Conditioner, Liquid Enzyme Peel and Melanin Suppressant Solution will start the rejuvenation process and pave the way for the Hibiscus Peel that follows. It offers relaxation, soothing support, and hot and cold therapy sensations, and will leave the skin absolutely radiant.
During the glimmering enzyme polish step, the Liquid Enzyme Peel and Skin Brightening Enzyme will brighten the skin, soften and digest cells, and aid in the suppression of melanin.
Start with the Mandelic Arginine Peel gently massaged into the skin to start the gentle rejuvenation and cellular repair. As such, we wanted to provide some tips and best practices for color matching and application, so you can give your clients the gift of glowing, radiant skin this season. We recommend inquiring about the client’s ancestry, as well as analyzing their pigment.
Deciding whether the crème or the powder is right for your client is a matter of hydration level in the skin. It also creates a beautiful, vibrant glow when applied with our specialized brush in a circular motion while gently pressing. With proper shade selection and application, they will be hooked on the results and the benefits it provides. There may be depressed scars, also known as pits, or they may take the shape of raised scars known as hypertrophic.
For instance, those who have inflammatory acne (cyst and nodules) and particularly if they delay treatment, or if the individual picks or squeezes the acne, may experience scarring after the acne clears. However, aesthetic professionals also have a number of non-invasive tools at their disposal to help clients smooth the scarring. Overall, modalities that work to smooth acne-scarred skin in the treatment room include peels, micro-needling, and microdermabrasion.
The peel is done after the microdermabrasion, for better absorption of the acid and deeper exfoliation.
Pre- and post-treatments absolutely impact results, however, and should be a part of every peel.
This is an opportunity to create a truly custom treatment based on your client’s skin care needs and desired results. Supporting the skin through the trauma will ensure proper healing and reduce the probability of complications.
Hydrocortisone and willow herb, a natural cortisone, will help soothe and calm the skin during the peeling process.
If clients are particularly prone to PIH, send them home with epidermal growth factors to support the healing and repair process.
However, you must be able to read the client’s skin and take into account the type of treatment to customize a post-treatment plan specific to their needs. DNA damage to the skin cells, caused by UV exposure, hormonal changes, certain medications, and other health issues, result in the steady distribution of melanin. Since it is typically more stable and less sensitizing than HQ it’s a great alternative for those with sensitivities. The goal is to maintain optimum health, or restore it to optimum health so it may properly control pigmentation. In this post, I’ll go over best practices for hashtag usage, photos, and making yourself more discoverable. Some phones have a square photo setting, but if you need to do some post editing, there are free tools available for resizing the image. Start to build a relationship with them by liking their photos as a way to introduce your brand. If not, you may have at least been debating setting up an account for no other reason than to promote how amazing your business is. In this two-part series I’ll cover a best practices, tips for gaining more followers, and how to keep followers engaged. In other words, these peptides inhibit muscle contraction, which is beneficial when correcting the appearance of mimic wrinkles, which may become deeper over time. It is one of the several neurotransmitters in the automatic nervous system that aids muscle contraction.
In other words it decreases excessive neurotransmitter release and overproduction of catechomlomines, which are derived from tyrosine.
Using the example above, this would be like you covering your ears while someone is talking to you. This is a tri-peptide that targets neuromuscular activity to smooth existing lines and wrinkles, and prevent future ones from appearing. I like mixing a little Milk Mask or spot treating with Perfection Clay and using Rosemary Basil Mask everywhere else. She purchased, for the first time, Citrus Gel, Hyaluronic Serum and Ultra Hydration moisturizer. Sounds like your client is low in lipids or oil, so I recommend adding Grape Seed Hydrating Serum or Drops of Essence to her regimen. I use a skin scrubber to remove enzymes and after that I do a Mandelic Arginine Peel then extractions, followed by a mask and a customize blend of serums. Our Peptide 38, Hyaluronic Serum, Antioxidant Complex Serum, AGE-lesswould all be nice options, especially for anti aging. We have so many choices in the moisturizer category, so choose the ones that best fit your client's needs. I agree with Shannon in the thought that you want all of them in individual sizes for retail. This was more from the back bar venue, as I wanted treatments that would impact the skin in a very positive way and make noticeable changes. My active participation with my company is the formulation of new ideas and systems, with scrutiny to not get caught up in the flavor of the month.
Fisher found the only known remaining copy of this map securely bound up in an old book bearing the bookplate of the 16th century German mathematician and geographer Johannes SchA¶ner. Die, located in the Vosges Mountains of France, had made a map of the world in the year 1507.
Die in a an original issue of about 1,000 copies (a thousand copies represented a large edition for this time, immediately preceding post-Columbian world maps, such as Juan de la Cosaa€™s, Cantinoa€™s and Caveria€™s (#305 thru #309 - were all manuscript maps).
All this we have carefully drawn on the map, to furnish true and precise geographical knowledge. A Florentine cosmographer, he sailed in 1497 with a commission appointed by Ferdinand and Isabella to investigate reports that Columbusa€™ administration of Hispaniola was inept. He also credited himself with three other voyages by 1503, when he made his last, an investigation of the coast of Brazil for Portugal. Taken together, these inset hemispheres form the most comprehensive and most nearly correct representation of the world displayed on any map known to have been constructed up to the year of 1507. Besides this world map, WaldseemA?ller also introduced the name America in two other media, in the previously mentioned Cosmographia Introductio and on his globe (thought by some scholars to be the so-called Hausslab-Linchoten globe (#311), both also produced in the year 1507).
It happened that in the Vosges Mountains in the little town of Saint-Die, there was a college under the patronage of the studious Duke Renaud (Rene) II of Vaudemon, of Lorraine, the titular a€?King of Jerusalem and Sicilya€?, who was there resident. On Plate V (the Caribbean area) of his map, WaldseemA?ller wrote: These islands were discovered by Columbus, an admiral of Genoa, at the command of the King of Spain.
For there is a land, discovered by Columbus, a captain of the King of Castile, and by Americus Vespucius, both men of very great ability, which, though in great part lies beneath a€?the path of the year and of the suna€? and between the tropics, nevertheless extends about 19 degrees beyond the Tropic of Capricorn toward the Antarctic Pole, a€?beyond the path of the year and the suna€?. Since Columbus never explored as far south as the equator, the words a€?it proves clearly to be truea€? are clothed with meaning only in the light of Amerigoa€™s voyages into the southern hemisphere, not at all in the light of the a€?firsta€? of the a€?four voyagesa€?, from which the dispute ultimately arose as to which could claim priority upon the shore of the new continent, Columbus or Amerigo Vespucci; for that a€?firsta€? voyage, like all the voyages of Columbus, was entirely north of the equator.
In addition to the previously mentioned accuracy and a€?noveltya€™ of the hemispheric insets, and the picturing of the new southern continent, with its surprisingly correct general contour, the inset map presents a portion of the northern continent as well, and the two are correctly joined together by a narrow isthmus. One is tempted to loose sight of this revolutionary advance over the previously dominating world conception of Ptolemy in focusing all the attention to the single feature that has made WaldseemA?llera€™s map so famous, the first appearance thereon of the name America.
This area may represent the coast of China copied from Marco Polo, and placed here in the belief that the new discoveries were in and near Asia. In extending the South American coast to 50 degrees South (high-lighted by the implantation of a Portuguese flag), WaldseemA?ller avoids committing himself as to the possibility of a passage by sea around this new continent by continuing its land to the edge of, and actually into, the map frame (compare this abrupt treatment with his depiction of Africa, where he is willing to go outside of the preset form of his map frame in order to accommodate the full extension of the continent and thus substantiate the Portuguese proof of a passage to the Far East). As can be seen on the accompanying comparison illustration, except for the southern half of Africa, in both projection and general geographical contours the Old World of WaldseemA?llera€™s 1507 map seems to have been virtually copied from Martellus. Another is, to the south, a part of Africa, which begins about seven degrees this side of Capricornus and stretches in a broad expanse to the south, beyond the torrid zone and the Tropic of Egocerus (Capricornus). At least twice Henricus Glareanus copied WaldseemA?llera€™s world map and insets in manuscript. Two maps in this Supplement show the New World discoveries, Tabula Terre Nove and Orbis Typus Universalis. In his great and very important world map of 1516, WaldseemA?ller showed the landmass abutting upon the western border of the map, as in the two above mentioned maps, but here gives it the name Terra de Cuba Asie Partis. The representation in these of the American continents separated from Asia by a broad ocean in the midst of which lay the island of Japan was a splendid synthesis based upon such known particulars as the narrative of Marco Polo, the voyages of the Portuguese to North America by way of the Atlantic and to India by way of the Cape of Good Hope, the discoveries of South America by Vespucci and Cabral, the Spanish discoveries in the West Indies and the Caribbean, and above all, perhaps, the notable manuscript maps of La Cosa, Cantino, and Caveri. The only known surviving copy was purchased, in 2003, by the Library of Congress for $10 million. Further, other discoveries of America have been credited to the Irish who had sailed to a land they called Iargalon, the land beyond the sunset, and to the Phoenicians who purportedly came here before the Norse. Specifically, Marcou introduced the name of an Indian tribe and of a district in Nicaragua called Amerrique, and asserted that this district a€” rich in gold a€” had been visited by both Columbus and Vespucci, who then made this name known in Europe.
To define it Carew echoes Marcou, who quotes from his correspondence with Augustus Le Plongeon. He has been wrongfully portrayed as a crafty opportunist ever since the mid-16th century when Bartholomew de Las Casas accused him of being a liar and a thief who stole the glory that belonged to Columbus. Around 1490 he was sent to Spain by his employers, the famous Italian family of Medici, to join their business in fitting out ships. At the beginning of 1505 he was summoned to the court of Spain for a private consultation, and, as a man of experience, was engaged to work for the famous Casa de Contratacion de las Indias (Commercial House for the West Indies), which had been founded two years before in Seville.
The first or traditional series consists of the widely published letters, dated 1504, purportedly written by him. After a halt at the Cape Verde Islands, the expedition traveled southwestward, reached the coast of Brazil, and certainly sailed as far south as the RA­o de la Plata, which Vespucci was the first European to discover. It was, however, not his many solid accomplishments but an apparent error made by a group of scholars living in St. This map is the first known map, printed or manuscript, to use the name America, and also the first to depict clearly a separate western hemisphere, with the Pacific as a separate ocean.
But, as etymologist Joy Rea has suggested, it could also be read as explanation, in which they indicate that they have heard the New World was called America, and the only explanation lay in Vespucci's name.
Their substitution of Americus for the well-known Latinization Albericus might mean that they wanted a Latinization that would fit and explain the name America which they had already heard applied to the New World. The Indians in the Caribbean did have a word for the mainland, given in the LexicografA­a Antillana (Antillean Dictionary, 1931) as babeque and defined as the name that Columbus understood the Indians to say when they were pointing to a land beyond Haiti and Cuba.
It constitutes an incredible Anglicization of the New World a€” and would, for obvious reasons, infuriate Carew.
He purportedly gave one of the islands he explored to a friend, another to his barber, and also promised some Italian friars that they could be bishops. However, even if the name America were known in Bristol in 1497, Hudd has taken a majestic leap to suggest Ameryk's name as its origin.
That map has been referred to in various circles as America's birth certificate, and for good reasona€”it is the first document on which the name America appears. He was born near Freiburg, Germany, sometime in the 1470s, and died in the canon house at Saint-DieI? in 1522.
That map, printed on twelve separate sheets from wood block plates, when assembled would measure more than 4 1a?„2 feet by 8 feet in dimension. However, the group also had acquired a recent French translation of the important work Insuper aquattor Amerigo Vespuccii navigationes, Amerigo Vespucci's letter detailing his purported four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean to America between 1497 and 1504. Instead, in the 1513 atlas the name America does not appear anyplace in the volume, and the place of America is referred to as Terra Incognita (Unknown land).
This single surviving copy of the map exists because it was kept in a portfolio by Johannes SchoI?ner (1477-1547), a German globe maker, who probably had acquired a copy of the map for his own cartographic work. Throughout the twentieth century the Library continued to express interest in and a desire to acquire the 1507 map, when, if ever, it was made available for sale. Through the combined efforts of several Library of Congress specialists, and many other members of the Library's staff over an 11 year period, the map has made its way to the Library of Congress.
The map serves as a departure point in the development of the American cartographic collection in addition to its revered position in early modern cartographic history. The mapa€™s well announced acquisition provides us an extraordinary opportunity to appreciate the earliest of early depictions of our modern world.
The Library of Congress is proud to have obtained this unique treasure and is anxious to have this great cartographic document receive the public acclaim and the critical scholarly inspection that it so rightly merits.
This call for further scholarship on the map, its impact, and the sources used to produce it is not meant to suggest that previous scholarship is lacking.
Both the globe and the large world map were doubtless printed in large numbers and widely distributed. It is this reference that the Prince of Liechtenstein, as noted above, has taken as a reference to the gore map, a copy of which is in his collection.
Although a text on WaldseemA?llera€™s later wallmap, the Carta Marina (1516), says that 1,000 copies of the 1507 wall-map were made, it is unlikely that this number were issued, given the survival rate of the one bound copy now in the Library of Congress.a€? The globe map and book had an enormous influence on other geographers, notably Appian, SchA¶ner and Fries, and advanced the science of globe-making and map making particularly in Germany and the Low Countries.
The Kraus-Bavarian State Library copy -- in 1960 at Sothebya€™s in London, a set of the gores was offered bound into a Ptolemy atlas of 1486.
The Offenburg copy -- following the publicity regarding the acquisition of the copy above by the Bavarian State library in 1992, in 1993 two researchers, Dr.
The present example was discovered in February 2003 when the owner, on reading an article in the Frankfurter Algemeinen Zeitung on the Munich copy, realized he owned a similar map amongst his large collection of books and ephemera. To present the various strands of information relating to the genesis, execution and influences of the WaldseemA?ller gores, the following timeline brings together the principal events in the lives of WaldseemA?ller, Ringmann, Vespucci and their circles.
The following fall they showed up at the Northeast Regional Folk Alliance (NERFA) Conference.
Within about six to eight months, she had met her future musical partner, Brenley MacEachern. Brenleya€™s father is from Cape Breton, so she spent two weeks of every summer with family there, a€?down east,a€? about a mile away from where Lisa grew up. I took the last couple of months of school off, faxed in my work, and finished high school that way. During a rehearsal session with Lisa, she left to get something and, from another room heard her own voice again, but with Lisa having added her own. When Lisa and Brenley compared the collections a few years back, it was a€?pretty uncannya€? to recall the number of Loretta Lynn and Dolly Parton albums their parents had. They have one EP and three full CDs out to date a€” Mad Violet (2002, EP), Worry the Jury (2004), Caravan (2006) and No Fool for Trying (2009).
The fans would buy the earlier CDs and come back and ask if there wasna€™t a recording that captured their live sound.
Brenley began writing in a folkier rootsy style for the two of them, and Zoebliss fell away, since the other members of the band had day jobs and couldna€™t keep pace. It doesna€™t matter where you are in your life, whether you are looking for healing of any kind - physical, mental or spiritual. When you take responsibility for your thinking you will live the life that God wants for you.
Retro and Intro can be purchased individually as a small pamphlet or it is part of the book Prose Works.
She called for her Bible where she read the story of the paralytic man and got a glimpse of how Christ Jesus healed. Science defines man as immortal, as coexistent and coeternal with God, as made in His own image and likeness; material sense defines life as something apart from God, beginning and ending, and man as very far from the divine likeness. In the language of the Comforter, God teaches us what to say a€?yesa€? to and what to say a€?noa€? to. The quote reads, a€?As one would expect, scientific Christianity has a textbook, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, by Mary Baker Eddy. She capitalized seven synonyms or seven other names for God and those are Love, Life, Truth, Principle, Mind, Soul.
The paragraph opposite reads a€?Divine Science explains the abstract statement that there is one Mind by the following self-evident proposition: If God, or good, is real, then evil, the unlikeness of God, is unreal.
If there ever was a moment when man did not express the divine perfection, then there was a moment when man did not express God, and consequently a time when Deity was expressed a€“ that is, without entity. In Exodus 20 are the Ten Commandments and in Psalms 37:31, it says that a€?the laws are written in our heartsa€?.
The elucidations of Christian Science lies in its spiritual sense, and this sense must be gained by its disciples in order to grasp the meaning of this Science. There are many more terms so do your research and look up the words in the Science and Health Concordance.
Now a promise is something like a contract where both parties fulfill the terms of the agreement.
In the language of the Comforter, God teaches us what to say a€?yesa€? to and what to say a€?noa€? to.A  In any science you have to start with the basics like definitions. Reason and revelation do not yield to a dream.A  In the language of the Spirit a€?errora€? is another word for evil, more specifically fear discouragement, worry, hate, age, and etc.
Note the Bible verse and Bible terminology she uses within her statement.A  a€?Let this age, which sits in judgment on Christian Science, sanction only such methods as are demonstrable in Truth and known by their fruit, and classify all others as did St. Also criticized is the widespread habit of using meditation to get rid of (repress) the emotionally charged images flowing from the unconscious.
I would like to see this insightfully expressed logic extended more often to the state of the oppressed struggling on every side and in all corners of the world.
The Indoa€“European root of the word a€?violenta€? is wei, which means vital force and one definition of the word God is a€?an immanent vital forcea€? (p.86).
The reader is encouraged to reflect on seemingly counter-intuitive statements, such as a€?violence is the human spirita€™s protest against the enforcement of more goodness than it can stomacha€? (p.92).
This suggestion, although fundamentally right, may need more elaboration than this book provides, because the danger of infection by archetypal forces is high and not to be taken lightly.
With reference to Barbara Hannah, Dallett devotes a segment of the book to a much needed review of what Active Imagination is and discriminates what it is not. We are informed on the front page that this book was written with contributions by The Rhino and by Dalletta€™s former patient Pat Britt. Dallett writes, a€?The Rhino has been the central figure in hundreds of Pata€™s dreams continuing still today.
The alchemists believed that their work was to redeem God or the son of God, whom the alchemists imagined as a a€?fabulous being conforming to the nature of the primordial mothera€? (p. We are encouraged to look at the place within ourselves where we remain a€?fundamentalista€?, where spirit is trapped in a literal, concrete enactment, physical illness or cherished convictions of the nature of reality. The cover photo of a rhinoceros with two small birds casually perched on its back leads us into a text full of insight into both interior and outer worlds. Only a profound understanding can put forth such subtle and complex ideas in such apparently plain talk. Britt had been so ill with bacterial endocarditis and kidney failure that she was expected to die in her early forties. However, if something is hard to do you should change your relationship with it, or let it go. We are suppressing the healthy masculinity of normally active children with Ritalin, either because the way we are living is driving our children crazy or because they do not conform to our expectations. When acne, aging, dehydration, and hyperpigmentation occur for different reasons in different skin types, these products simply can’t be expected to live up to their promises. They have to make these less active so that anyone can simply open the package and start using it without any sort of guidance by a skin care professional. Skin care is an emotionally driven purchase – most want to look better, younger, fast. What are the common skin challenges they have and what are their expectations for their skin?
Too sparse of a display may convey these are the last few stragglers that couldn’t sell and too many of one item may seem like no one is buying it!
Or you might group by theme, such as all green tea-based products or a special summer skin care regimen together.
But older product that has clearly outlived its shelf life, particularly if it is changed in appearance will just psychologically cause the client to feel as if there is a problem.
We are in such a high-touch industry and clients want to see, touch, smell, and feel a product before they commit to buying. In other instances, you might offer a quick skin assessment then offer a customized system or educate clients on specific ingredients, what they do and why they may be effective for their particular skin. The Melanin Suppressant Solution brighten, while Seam Gems and Omega 6 EFA support the rebuild of healthy, strong cells. Using them after will allow for lifting of cells that still adhere, prompting the enzyme or acid to work harder and enhance the rejuvenation. After all dexterity in the treatment room is ultimately what will help set your practice apart. Send clients home with care instructions and some skin-building formulas like the Hyaluronic Serum, MVC Serum, and Daytime Defense SPF30.
This combination works to safely prep the skin, deliver antioxidant support, inhibit melanin production, and stimulate collagen activity. Following the enzymatic exfoliation, the Mandelic Arginine Peel will further prevent the formation of damaging radicals. Growth factors are essential to wound healing and the rebuilding process, and the Daytime Defense SPF30 will protect the beautiful work you just did. Progressive peelings and corrective facials are best to start with, and use extreme caution with microdermabrasion. We offer a number of webinars, seminars at conferences, our 90 Day Live series, and in 2016 we’re also introducing our RA Symposium.
You might even consider adding an area of specialization, such as working with men or skin of color or oncology patients.
You might consider traveling to a foreign destination, reading a book outside of your norm, shadowing another aesthetician who operates in a different area or who specializes in different modality than you, attending a different conference, the list goes on. That might be through meditation, yoga, being in nature, or simply reading a book – whatever it is that brings you bliss. There will be plenty of opportunities for learning new skills, strengthening your network, and you will most certainly be a part of a new experience (not to mention being surrounded by breathtaking nature). On top of it all, there is often a near endless list of parties and gatherings to attend over the course of the month.
Using the flavors of the season, you can give your clients a bit of holiday decadence, and indulge the skin and the senses…without the calories. At this point the cold and hot therapy come in with chilled ice globes gently rolled over the skin, followed by a hot compress wrapped around the face and neck. Getting a clear picture of what influences their skin tone is key, as the pigments in the RA Illuma Colour will blend with the individual’s tone to create a true color match.
This process stimulates collagen production, however if too little or too much is produced, a scar will form.
In most cases it will require creating a treatment plan, one that involves several treatments and proper home care in between. Note this requires very specific training and caution is advised when combining with acids.
Before they begin a painting, they prime the canvas, and once they’ve finished they seal it to preserve their masterpiece.
Ingredient suggestions: bellis perennis flower, arbutin (L), kojic acid, and lactic acid (L).
I should note too, a peel should never be performed if you are not prepared to treat the complications of that peel.
The proper pre- and post-care treatment will be essential to creating the best possible outcome and that will keep your clients coming back for more. These, as you may know, produce melanin – an action that occurs in the granular layer.
As excess melanin is produced, and dispersing of these pigments is interrupted, hyperpigmentation forms.
Keep in mind, though Instagram allows Facebook sharing, currently it’s only to personal accounts. This will ensure you keep your photo description short, clean and concise, while still benefitting from the search benefits that come with hashtags. If you can have someone else snap a photo of you and client, always opt for that over the selfie. Since freezing peptides suppress acetylcholine, they produce a similar effect as Botox and other dermal fillers.
As one of our educators put it, this would be like you covering your mouth as you were speaking to someone else. To help answer these and get a dialogue going we created a group on Facebook – the Rhonda Allison Educational Forum. As I searched for skin care to compliment the services and different skin types, I began to fill the gaps with my own formulas with the help of very astute chemists and formulators.
The word about that video reached a very progressive show coordinator Ron Renee, and he invited me to teach a post class on the topic of skin peels.
This volume contained twelve sheets, each 21 x 30 inches, which when laid together disclosed a large map of the world 4 feet 6 inches by 8 feet, which was designated by one of its own inscriptions a carta marina, dated on its own face 1516, and bore the name of Martin WaldseemA?ller as author.
Henry Harrisse had made this conjecture in his Discovery of North America, which he published when the world was celebrating the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America. As farmers usually mark off and divide their farms by boundary lines, so it has been our endeavor to mark the chief countries of the world by the emblems of their rulers.
While certainly not the only large world map produced during this dynamic era of exploration, the Universalis Cosmographia was one of the first large engraved and printed maps to depict the recent Spanish and Portuguese discoveries of the Mundus Novus. Much of what Vespucci claimed to have seen on this and other voyages was later called into question by both his contemporaries and, later, by historians. He wrote a letter describing his third voyage that was circulated throughout Europe as a tract called Mundus Novus [The New World], and later was included by WaldseemA?ller in his Cosmographia Introductio (the Solderini letter, see illustration below). To avoid confusion hereafter the main portion of the map will be referred to as the a€?world mapa€?, designating the two small representations of the eastern and western hemispheres, placed above the world map, as the a€?insetsa€?. The term used by some of the map-makers, Land of Brasil, was confusing, for Brasil was the name of an imaginary island located somewhere in the Atlantic, according to popular belief, when there had been no thought of a continent.
Walter Lud, Secretary to the Duke, and a wealthy man, had established a printing press at St. And at the mouth of the Orinoco River is the following: All this is sweet water, a statement based upon the well-known story of Columbusa€™ discovery of the fresh water of the Orinoco River (there is the same reference found on the Bartholomew Columbus map (#304) which has Mar de aqua dolce along the northeastern shores of South America). In other words, on his 1507 map, WaldseemA?ller unmistakably showed that in his own mind he ascribed proof of the existence of the new continent to the Portuguese voyage of Amerigo (the a€?thirda€? of the a€?four voyagesa€?), and that Columbus never detoured from his conviction that he had actually reached the shores of Asia (accepting the longitudinally shortened world of Ptolemy, et al), and that it was the acceptance of Amerigoa€™s proof of its existence more so than Amerigoa€™s supposed priority which caused him to name the new continent America.
However, as can be seen above on Plate I of the world map, the two continents are inexplicably separated by a hypothetical strait, connecting the two great oceans. Contarini (#308) and Ruysch (#313) distinctly record their belief on their maps that the contemporary explorers had reached China, as does the Columbus map and the letter of Columbus explanatory of his fourth voyage record the same view (#303, #304). Curiously enough, though, while accepting the Portuguese delineation of the New World and South Africa, WaldseemA?ller reverts to the Ptolemaic conception of North Africa and Asia as refined and expressed by Martellus, rejecting the more accurate rendering of contemporaries such as Caveri.
A third instance, in the east, is the land of Cathay, and all of southern India beyond 180 degrees of longitude. The transmission of the Cantino-Caveri concept through the members of this notable group created one of the mainstreams of interest in the history of cartography.
Thus this ingenious geographer not only preserved the geographical concepts of WaldseemA?ller, but also carried the representation of hemispheres a step further by the experimental construction in 1510 of the first known maps of the northern and southern hemispheres on a circumpolar projection. The world picture in the maps and globe of 1507 - the representation, that is, of an American landmass widely separated from the Asian coast with Japan lying between the two - had become the accepted canon in geographic theory and cartographic expression.
The new picture compiled from these varied elements and presented to the literate world in printed form became a factor of the highest importance in developing a new concept of the earth and its divisions, rendering obsolete the Ptolemaic geography that had been accepted and revered since the second century of the Christian era. In 2005, this treasured map was inscribed in UNESCO's Memory of the World Register, and is the first document in the United States to be so honored.
By the time we are adults it lingers vaguely in most of us, along with images of wave-tossed caravels and forests peopled with naked cannibals.


They were of course preceded by the pre-historic Asian forebears of Native Americans, who migrated across some ice-bridge in the Bering Straits or over the stepping stones of the Aleutian Islands.
The 1497 voyage by John Cabot to the Labrador coast of Newfoundland constitutes yet another discovery of the American mainland, which led to an early 20th-century account of the naming of America, recently revived, that claims the New World was named after an Englishman (Welshman, actually) called Richard Amerike. To rob people or countries of their names is to set in motion a psychic disturbance which can in turn create a permanent crisis of identity. Vespucci was probably in Seville in 1492 when Columbus was preparing for his first historic voyage, as well as in 1493 when Columbus returned. In 1508 the house appointed him piloto mayor (pilot major, or chief navigator), a post of great responsibility, which included the examination of the pilots' and ships' masters' licenses for voyages. Pohl's biography, Amerigo Vespucci, Pilot Major (1944), and GermA?n Arciniegas's Amerigo and the New World (1955; tr. Addressed to his patron, Lorenzo de' Medici, the Mundus Novus (New World) a€” the title alone revolutionizing the European conception of the cosmos a€” was translated from the Italian into Latin, and originally printed in Vienna; the other letter, addressed to the gonfaloniere (chief magistrate) of Florence, Piero Soderini, was a more elaborate work. Since Vespucci took part as navigator, he certainly cannot have been inexperienced; however, it seems unlikely that he had made a previous voyage, though this matter remains unresolved.
In all likelihood the ships took a quick run still farther south, along the coast of Patagonia to the Golfo de San JuliA n or beyond. The entire New World portion of the map roughly represents South America, and when later mapmakers added North America, they retained the original name; in 1538, the great geographer Gerard Mercator gave the name America to all of the western hemisphere on his mappamundi. In ignoring the possible intention of these words as explanation, most scholars have ignored the simple fact that place names usually originate informally in the spoken word and first circulate that way, not in the printed word. Why did they ignore the common law in the naming of new lands: the use of the last names of explorers and the first names of royalty?
It is almost certain that Columbus first heard the name of the mountains pronounced by a Carib.
Las Casas believed for a while that this must be Jamaica, but later decided it was the name for the mainland. No proof exists to substantiate his claim that Cabot actually honored the Welshman by naming America after him.
It is also the first map to depict a separate and full Western Hemisphere and the first map to represent the Pacific Ocean as a separate body of water.
The large map is an early sixteenth-century masterpiece, containing a full map of the world, two inset maps showing separately the Western and Eastern Hemispheres, illustrations of Ptolemy and Vespucci, images of the various winds, and extensive explanatory notes about selected regions of the world.
In that work, Vespucci concluded that the lands reached by Columbus in 1492, and explored by Columbus and others over the ensuing two decades, was indeed a segment of the world, a new continent, unknown to Europe. In the1516 Carta Marina, South America is called Terra Nova (New World), and North America is named Cuba, and is shown to be part of Asia. That portfolio contained not only the unique copy of the 1507 world map, but also a unique copy of WaldseemuI?ller's 1516 large wall map (the Carta Marina) and copies of SchoI?ner's terrestrial (1515) and celestial (1517) globe gores. In 1999, Prince Waldburg-Wolfegg notified the Library that the German national government and the Baden-WuI?rttemberg state government had granted permission for a limited export license. The map provides a meaningful link between our treasured late medieval-early Renaissance cartographic collection (which includes one of the richest holdings of Ptolemy atlases in the world) and the modem cartographic age unfolding as a result of the explorations of Columbus and other discoverers in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries.
Major segments of this world map have not received the concentrated scrutiny that the American segments have received. WaldseemA?ller states in a legend on his marine chart of 1516 (#328.1) that he had printed his map of 1507 in one thousand copies, but only one of which is now known to exist. WaldseemA?ller and Ringmann started work on a new edition of Ptolemy's Geographia that was to combine Ptolemaic maps with a new set of modern maps.
By 1890, it had been acquired by the Prince of Liechtenstein and studies by Gallois dated it to 1507 following the realization that it was the lost globe described in the St. References to accurate factual information are principally taken from 19th century sources, much of the 20th century work on the subject being a reiteration of earlier work by Humboldt, Da€™Avezac-Macaya, Fischer, Varnhagen and Harisse. On city streets, it might take the form of a long-limbed beauty wearing high-heeled knee-high boots.
As they described their evolving life paths to me, the phone line hummed and crackled with their energy. The street they grew up on is called a€?Fiddlera€™s Rowa€? because every house on the street has had someone in the household who plays fiddle. In the second semester, I started dating the guitar player, hanging out with the a€?wronga€™ crowd, having way too much fun and playing guitar all the time.
Lisa hadna€™t yet sung on stage with Brenley due to her fear of being heard, and Brenley, having not been aware that Lisa sang, was thunderstruck at the sound of their voices together. My two closest friends and I would sit together on the school bus, squished together, and sing three-part harmonies on Rankin Family songs. The same similarity applied to the number of fiddle albums, Gordon Lightfoot, Beach Boys and Elvis Presley records.
They changed their name to Madison Violet for the most recent CD, to reflect their evolved style. Playing in Australia for three to four months of the year also gave them a chance to evade the Canadian winters. Brenley commiserated with the ethos of their fans, saying she also gets disappointed when she buys an album and the layered production obscures the nature of the songs shea€™d heard live. His decision to strip the sound down to a bare minimum met some resistance, both women wanting more instrumental backup, especially from feisty Lisa.
She was 7 years old when she started taking step-dancing and piano lessons.A  At 9 years old, she and her three closest friends would go to the local community hall every Wednesday evening for group fiddle lessons. I used to sing in the church choir, which was fine, because it was a group and you could kind of hide behind things, as with being a fiddle player, you can hide behind your instrument. She was healed, got up and walked down the stairs to the astonishment of the people planning her funeral.
Science reveals Life as a complete sphere, as eternal, selfa€?existent Mind; material sense defines life as a broken sphere, as organized matter, and mind as something separate from God.
A Practitioner put it this way, a€?To be inspired simply means to be aware of the reality of Goda€™s presence as the only presence, the reality of His power as the only power, and the reality of our individual being as the expression of Goda€™s being. Sometimes you will heal instantaneously and in other cases you will need to heal by a€?argumenta€?.
The more you understand God the more you understand yourself as Goda€™s image and likeness.
So this is symbolism for the sneaky, subtleness of evil thoughts that can make you think the evil thoughts are your thoughts. Antithesis and parallel embrace all the poetry and no little of theA  prose of both the Old and New Testament. In my men's groups we always knew which men were at greatest risk for another violent incident: those who maintained that their anger was an aberration they had now overcome with penance and good intentions.
An overemphasis on decency and virtue not only darkens the personal and collective shadow, it unconsciously identifies with divine goodness and thereby falls into inflation and self-righteousness. These and other New Age maneuvers are enlisted in the service of propping up the happy persona that conceals the darker dimensions of conflictual psychic life.
Yet Dallett goes farther: Psychiatric medication should only be used to contain severe symptoms, she argues, preferably in small doses and even then only temporarily. Most of the examples of violence in this book break forth from the uptight middle class, where swings are removed from parks to prevent lawsuits.
In Jungian thought, the Self, which is the psychological equivalent to the image of God, often breaks into consciousness violently.
Active Imagination is not guided fantasy nor is it art, but, following Hannah, Dallett sees Active Imagination as a creative function. 28), an earthy, fabulous, night creature, like the Rhino, equally life threatening and life giving. We meet the rhino of the title as he first appears in the dreams of a gifted woman whom the author has known for more than 30 years, initially as her Jungian analyst.
Rage, she says, is a natural instinctive response to a threat to the Self; violence is the human spirita€™s protest against the enforcement of more goodness than it can stand. And they may have even come back to you with their tale between their legs after having dismal results. The way around this is through education, realizing that it is a huge disservice to not offer home care products to your clients, and understanding a few fundamentals of an effective retail display. This, of course, will allow you to determine which essential items, correctives and skin-nourishing products to keep on the shelf.
Some of this will come through the treatment you just performed on their skin, but it is nice for them to be able to pick it up and try it. Ancestry plays a major role in how the skin will respond to certain topicals and treatments. You can do this with a simple email, a quick phone call, a handwritten note, sharing their posts on social media, or even attending community or industry events and conferences.
Finish with the Cucumber Spritz, Peptide Primer and RA Illumi Colour Natural Mineral Crème to send clients off with hydrated, radiant, and glowing skin. In the week following the treatment, clients may also use a retinal like the ChronoPeptide A or Salicylic Serum to continue the gentle exfoliation and rebuilding. The skin, much like a canvas, needs to be primed to stimulate the rejuvenation process and prepare the skin for what is to come. It is also ok to recommend Tylenol or Advil, if needed, and if there aren’t any allergies.
This is a natural and necessary process as pigments give us skin color and also provide a unique defense system against UV radiation. Be sure clients are regularly exfoliating, boosting the skin’s strength with nutrient-rich and skin-building ingredients, and protecting it with a good mineral-based sun protection.
This wonderful community has become a place not only for Q&A, but also for collaboration and sharing amongst aesthetic professionals. At the end of day that is true in life in general, and one thing I know age does for us is it brings wisdom that allows us to work through any challenge that shows up. The saying if you build it, they will come has some real merit, and the passion was strong!
This was so early that very few would teach on this topic, let alone encourage aestheticians to do it. There were twelve other sheets of the same size in the book, making another world map but containing no authora€™s name or date. And (to begin with our own continent) in the middle of Europe we have placed the eagles of the Roman Empire (which rule the Kings of Europe) and with the key (which is the symbol of the Holy Father), we have enclosed almost the whole of Europe, which acknowledges the Roman Church. In that letter, Vespucci proposed that the new lands ought to be called a a€?New World, because none of those countries were known to our ancestors .
In the western hemisphere inset the two Americas are shown as a continuous landmass firmly joined together by an isthmus, unlike the representation in the world map where the two continents are inexplicably separated by a strait.
Die that he prepared the treatise Cosmographia Introductio, which presented this description of itself: An Introduction to Cosmography, together with some principles of Geometry necessary to the purpose. Both the inset and the world map illustrate another important feature, the representation of a great ocean even broader than the Atlantic, between the New World and Asia.
However, this view is not supported on the WaldseemA?ller map either by the place-names found in the area of the new discoveries, or by the overall visual image presented by the placement of the new discoveries as totally separated by some distance from Asia.
One difference being that the WaldseemA?ller map is basically a a€?land mapa€™ and the interiors are somewhat filled-in, whereas the Caveri chart is basically a portolano, or nautical chart, with little or no interior detail. This Ptolemaic basis results in giving the map an extremely exaggerated representation of the eastern extension of Asia; in fact, the landmass of the Old World, alone, extends through some 230 degrees of longitude. All these we have added to the earlier known places, so that those who are fond of things of this sort may gaze upon all that is known to us of the present day, and may approve of out painstaking labors. In 1512 appeared, far away in Cracow, Poland, in the Introductio in Ptholomei Cosmographia of Johannes de Stobnicza, the inset hemispheres of the 1507 map, copied and reprinted by the Polish scholar without reference to their source (#319). From it evolved, indeed, today's concept of the geographical divisions of the continents and islands, and of the great waters that form our earth. A black African discovery of America, it has been argued, took place around 3,000 years ago, and influenced the development of Mayan, Aztec, and Inca civilizations.
The naming of America, then, becomes essential to a full understanding of our history and cultural values a€” ourselves a€” especially when considered in terms of the range of theories about the origin of the name.
Subsequently, according to Marcou's account, Vespucci changed his Christian name from Alberico to Amerigo. Amalrich, which literally meant work ruler, or designator of tasks, might be freely translated as master workman. Moreover, as a reflection of national pride, a theory native to Hungary argues that the European explorers of the New World (or their priests) named it after this popular saint, in the old tradition of bestowing place names in honor of saints. He also had to prepare the official map of newly discovered lands and of the routes to them (for the royal survey), interpreting and coordinating all data that the captains were obliged to furnish.
Harriet de OnA­s) are among the best efforts that dispel the shadows to which he was relegated by those who maligned his fame. In the voyage of 1499a€“1500, Vespucci would seem to have left Hojeda after reaching the coast of what is now Guyana (Carew's homeland). His published letters had fallen into the hands of these German scholars, among whom was the young cartographer Martin WaldseemA?ller. WaldseemA?ller's 1507 map, lost to scholars until 1901 when it was found in a German castle, is now reckoned to be the first to show the name, and the earliest record of its use. Moreover, to read the passage in the Cosmographiae Introductio as explanation lends credence to the theory, argued by Carew, Marcou, and others, that the early European explorers called the new continent Amerrique or, perhaps, another name with a similar pronunciation.
Their ignoring it, Rea claims, further supports the idea that they were trying to force an explanation and that the only one they could think of was a Latinization of Vespucci's first name.
Columbus, who met the Indians of this coast, presumably heard the name Amerrique from them: he was looking for gold and the Indians gave him some, telling him he could get more to the west in the mountains there.
Amerrique, therefore, must derive from a Carib word, possibly one of the Carib culture words a€” not a word in the Mayan language, which was not spoken in Nicaragua, though it almost resembles in sound the Quiche Mayan iq' amaq'el meaning perpetual wind.
The purchase of the map concluded a nearly century long effort to secure for the Library of Congress that very special cartographic document revealing new European thinking about the world nearly 500 years ago.
Waldseemullera€™s 1507 map was a bold statement that rationalized the modern world in light of the exciting news arriving in Europe as a result of explorations sponsored by Spain, Portugal, and othersa€”not only across the Atlantic Ocean, but around the African coast and into the Indian Ocean. Because of Vespucci's recognition of that startling revelation, he was thus honored by the use of his name for the newly discovered continent. Sometime later in history, the family of Prince Waldburg-Wolfegg acquired and retained Schoner's portfolio in their castle in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, where it remained unknown to scholars until the beginning of the twentieth century when its extraordinary contents were revealed. Having obtained this license, which allowed this German national treasure to come to the Library of Congress, the Prince pursued an agreement to sell the 1507 map to the Library. Although it is likely that the simple globe gores, their model or a€?marquettea€™ of the New World view, would have been available with each issue of the Cosmographiae, the large 12 sheet wall-map, would have been too expensive to be sold as widely. They were provided with at least six printed editions and certainly several manuscript versions of the Geographia. The notoriety and mystery that has surrounded both the globe, map and large wall-map has often concentrated on the naming of America, but in truth, given that they named South America after Vespucci, who had sailed furthest around it, it is not unreasonable. Vera Sack found a third example of the gores inserted into a copy of Aristotle published in Freiburg in 1541. Lisa and Brenley were trading snippets of mutually shared childhood background a few minutes after they met. I was going to go to college at Saint Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, Nova Scotia, and study science the first year before studying pharmacy. The fearful part was having my lips on that microphone and knowing that it was raw and everyone in the audience could hear what was coming out of me.
When I characterized Gordon Lightfoot as a Canadian-bred country influence, Brenley countered that, as a touchstone, he was a lot folkier, less country-like than, for instance, Neil Young, one of her major influences. Christian Science is sacred in that healing was what Christ Jesus was teaching by his life. Science reveals Spirit as All, averring that there is nothing beside God; material sense says that matter, His antipode, is something besides God.
Sometimes just a thought, one Truth, in the face of evil will dissipate the evil (Instantaneous healing).
The more you understand his deep impersonal spiritual love for you as his child - the a€?agapea€? love.
Christian Science is sacred in that healing was what Christ Jesus was teaching by his life.A  Mrs.
In the light of this observation, the missionary and the terrorist stand revealed as brothers-in-arms. Making a work of art, breaking a therapeutic impasse, or modifying a relationship are three of many possibilities for new forms of expression that liberate the archetypal power from remaining trapped a€?in mattera€? (in symptom or illness). One can almost hear in popular a€?thinking positivea€? propaganda the voice of the family cheerleader castigating brothers and sisters for being so a€?depressinga€? as to discuss Dad's alcoholic violencea€”or on a national level, the violence inflicted by the precarious rule of empirea€”out in the open. Although the alarm should be raised about overmedicationa€”psychotropics are even being found in public water suppliesa€”I have known people with major psychiatric disorders for whom the advice to go off meds to do a€?psychological worka€? has been disastrous. Dallett pleads us to acknowledge that the terrible in human life is real and that only by confronting it, by taking it by its horns, do we have a chance of not being controlled by it. The Rhino represents an instinctual mercurial principle in psyche that holds the power to heal or to wound. The Rhino becomes an imaginal companion for Pat Britt and Dallett speculates that his a€?dependable presence may compensate the uncertainty of a life in which death is always at handa€? (p.33).
We follow the patienta€™s devoted inner work with the dream rhino, as he emerges into a living imaginative reality: mentor, opposite and guide, and we learn of the healing of her life-threatening physical illness. In Britta€™s initial dream, the dream that is thought to foretell the course of therapy, a small rhinoceros charges her, but she catches him by the horn and holds on. If you can let it speak to you, and give it what it needs you will have an inner partner for the life that remains to you, however long or short that may be.a€? (p.
Royalties, in part, go to the International Rhino Foundation, which helps to preserve the rhinoceros from extinction. As a general guideline, have a few (usually three) of different groupings and categories when first getting started and build up as you know your client’s patterns and as your business expands. Layering it with the MVC Serum and Hydra Complex Serum, will deepen the nourishing and strengthening of the skin, and infuse it with essential hydration.
Following the peel or any resurfacing treatment, the skin needs to be rebuilt and brought back to optimal health with proper care.
The term paramedical did not exist then, and now it is so commonplace to know this material and how to set parameters and use it appropriately within the boundaries of aesthetics. The greater part of Africa and a part of Asia we have distinguished by crescents, which are the emblems of the Sultan of Babylonia, the Lord of all Egypt, and of a part of Asia. To the east of the continent in the inset is the Atlantic, to the west is another great sea with the island Zipangri [Japan, Marco Poloa€™s Zipangu] nearly in the middle of it but closer to the American continent than to the Asian. Mundus Novus [New World] and Terra Incognita [Unknown Land] were less real names than descriptions, though for many years these last two terms were quite prevalent on maps showing new discoveries.
The duke and several professors in the college used this press in their geographical project. The decision to display a large expanse of ocean west of the New World discoveries was, of course, pure conjecture on the part of WaldseemA?ller since, in 1507, the discoveries of Balboa and Magellan were still a few years off in the future.
On the other hand, navigators unknown to modern historians, may have sailed along the coast of Florida at this time.
This lack of any substantive modification, of the Far East especially, is understandable in light of the scarcity of verifiable reports from this region and the focus of popular attention on both Africa and the New World.
This one request we have to make, that those who are inexperienced and unacquainted with cosmography shall not condemn all this before they have learned that it will surely be clearer to them later on, when they have come to understand it. To question the origin of America's name is to question the nature of not only our history lessons but our very identity as Americans.
The records of Scandinavian expeditions to America are found in sagas a€” their historic cores encrusted with additions made by every storyteller who had ever repeated them. The two men eventually became friends; Columbus later wrote that he trusted Vespucci and held him in high esteem. Vespucci, who obtained Spanish citizenship, held this position until his death in Seville in 1512.
Nonetheless, both biographers disagree about the authenticity of his two published letters, key documents in a dramatic controversy: Arciniegas accepts them as genuine, whereas Pohl rejects them as forgeries. In the first series of documents, four voyages by Vespucci are described; in the second, only two. Turning south, he is believed to have discovered the mouth of the Amazon River and explored the coast of present-day Brazil.
This voyage is of fundamental importance in the history of geography in that Vespucci himself became convinced that the lands he had explored were not part of Asia but a New World. Inspired to publish a new geography that would embrace the New World, the group collectively authored a revision of Ptolemy, which included a Latin translation of Vespucci's purported letter to Soderini, as well as a new map of the world drawn by WaldseemA?ller. Hudd opens with a reference to Bristol's 1897 celebration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of North America by John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto), the Italian navigator and explorer who had sailed for England, laying the groundwork for the later British claim to Canada. The map must have created quite a stir in Europe, since its findings departed considerably from the accepted knowledge of the world at that time, which was based on the second century A.D. It is remarkable that our entire Western Hemisphere was thus named for a living person; Vespucci died in 1512. Yet, cartographic contributions by Johannes Schoner in 1515 and by Peter Apian in 1520 adopted the name America for the Western Hemisphere, and that name became part of accepted usage.
The uncovering of the 1507 map in the Wolfegg Castle early last century is thought by many to have been one of the most extraordinary episodes in the history of cartographic scholarship. In late June 2001, Prince Waldburg-Wolfegg and the Library of Congress reached a final agreement on the sale of the map at the price of $10,000,000. Waldseemuller recognized the transition taking place, as the title of his map notes and his placement prominently of images of Ptolemy and Vespucci, next to their worlds, at the top portion of the 1507 world map denotes. In 1949, the Liechtenstein map collection was bought en bloc by the famous New York dealer H.P.
The Aristotle formed part of the Grimmelshausen-Gymnasium library given to the Stadtbucherei Offenburg. I learned what I know about songwriting as well as what I know about guitar playing from Brenley,a€? Lisa said. I didna€™t think I had the stomach to be a doctor and I thought that the closest I could get to the medical profession was to be a pharmacist.
While theya€™d initially steered away from their parentsa€™ tastes, they both admitted to a secret love of American country music. The teacher, Stan Chapman, was heavily involved in the careers of many a professional player in the younger generation in Cape Breton. Behind his back, when she was around 12 or 13, Brenley would sneak into his room and play it whenever he went out to play with his friends. I would be about a foot away from the microphone until the lead singer would turn around and look back and then I would put my mouth up to it and pretend that I was singing into it. Christ Jesus said, a€?I am the way, the truth, and the life.a€? Christ Jesus showed us how to heal in the Bible and Mrs. Material sense adds that the divine Spirit created matter, and that matter and evil are as real as Spirit and good.a€? (Ret.
The Greek word a€?agapea€? used by Christ Jesus is found in the book of John and implies a love far above the personal sense of love - above what the mortal senses comprehend. So a change in thought from evil thinking to God based thinking comes first in healing although the physical senses may still saying something different. I am thinking of people legitimately diagnosed with bipolar disorder who took similar advice from their gurus and ended up psychotic; one, a former student, is still homeless and ranting in the streets. As fantastic amounts of money continued to be funneled upward, the number of Americans living below the poverty line soars higher than ever before. There is a story about the late Edward Edinger in which someone asked him, a€?What is new in Jungian psychology?a€? He replied, a€?New? Then I am reminded of the story of Edinger and his comments about what is old and what is new in Jungian psychology.
Instead she asks us to recognize violence as an intrinsic aspect of the collective psyche, one that must find expression and that does have a purpose as when a€?the Self often breaks into consciousness in ways that are violent, primitive, even monstrous.
The unconscious is a minefield of devastating, destructive potentials, but without venturing, and at times suffering this minefield, there is no way of getting to the treasures. In Pat Britta€™s case, it was the spirit released from a life threatening illness that took the image of this large, gravelly voiced Rhino.
Finally we see that this work gives the former patient her independence of analysis and analyst.
If your client’s skin is especially dry, you may also use the Infuse 7 for deeper hydration.
The part of Asia called Asia Minor we have surrounded with a saffron-colored cross joined to a branding iron, which is the symbol of the Sultans of the Turks, who rules Scythia this side of the Imaus, the highest mountains of Asia and Sarmatian Scythia.
Westward from that island is to be recognized the eastern coast of Asia, showing Catay, or Cathay, and other identifiable names.
But now the fact that there was a new continent beyond the western ocean had become nearly common knowledge throughout Europe, and there was everywhere a subconscious demand for an adequate name, a universally acceptable name.
In all its forms the underlying meaning was that of work; as for example, the word for work in Hebrew is amal, and in old Norse aml, the consonant sounds of which were retained in the verb moil.
In this respect, WaldseemA?ller may have been led by the maps of La Cosa, Caveri, and Cantino to believe that this was at least a possibility, for he depicts a small portion of the northern mainland extending from the narrow strait in Central America to just north of Terra Ulteria€? Incognita [Florida]. Not many interior details are shown to speak of, but a large group of natives is shown at the Cape, and above them, a large vignette of an elephant. As can be seen, Terra Incognita replaces America and it is placed up against a frame that avoids any speculation as to the size or shape of the new continent(s). It appeared in feminine forms in Amelia and Emily; its masculine forms were Amery, Emeric, and Emery. In the face of the spurious charges that he was an ignorant usurper of the merits of others, the fact that Spain entrusted him, a foreigner, with the office of pilot major certainly bolsters his defense.
Until the 1930s the documents of the first series were considered from the point of view of the order of the four voyages. On the way back, he reached Trinidad, sighting en route the mouth of the Orinoco River, and then made for Haiti.
Unlike Columbus, who, to his death, clung to the idea that he had found the shores of Asia, Vespucci defined what had indeed been found a€” and for this he has been rightfully honored. He clearly never tried to have the New World named after him or to belittle his friend Columbus. Very different spellings for the same Carib word reflect variants that sound little like each other; thus, the variants of the name Carib are Canibe, Galibi, Caniba, Canibal and Caliban. For his achievement Cabot received a handsome pension conferred upon him by the King, from the hands of the Collectors of Customs of the Port of Bristol.
In 1479, four Bristol merchants received a royal charter to find another source of fish and trade. The map sheets have been maintained separated (not joined, with each of the large maps comprised of twelve separate sheets) and that is the probable reason why they survived. In late May 2003, the Library completed a successful campaign to purchase Waldseemullera€™s 1507 world map, after receiving substantial Congressional and private support to achieve the terms of the contract. 37 (1985), 30-53, is an extensive airing of the date of the printing of the 1507 world map and other Waldseemuller contributions.
But how you shall understand the globe and the description of the whole world you will hereafter find out and read.a€? Harrisse thinks it probable that a real globe accompanied and was sold with this little volume.
Ringmann, a supporter of Vespucci, had already published in 1505 an edition of Vespuccia€™s Mundus Novus, a vivid description of the New World which became a bestseller around Europe.
The mystery of the globe map, its definition of Florida (before it was discovered by the Spanish), the Pacific (before any man had officially seen it), the coast of South America (before anyone had officially sailed along it) and the use of the name The Western Ocean in the Pacific, all suggest that the Portuguese may have been more active west of the Tordesillas Treaty Line before 1505. Kraus, however the globe map was retained and offered by the Prince at a special auction at Parke-Bernet in New York on 24 May 1950.
September came and I went to a€?Frosh [Freshman] Weeka€™ and got the university out of my system during that week and never enrolled for any classes.
Eddy explained how Jesus healed through her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. We know that outcome of understanding God and the rules is healing because when you stick to the Principle of God and live according to his rules you will witness healing. Eddy states, a€?A physical diagnosis of disease a€“ since mortal mind must be the cause of disease a€“ tends to induce disease.a€? So prayer and your desire to know God will result in healing.
Also you will need to purchase the textbook Science and Health with Key to the Scripture by Mary Baker Eddy. Christ Jesus always prayed everywhere - in the desert, up on a mountain or on a lake going to the Father first.
Just accept the little things that you can understand and agree with, and be grateful for them.
If you dona€™t have a good Bible Dictionary check out the web page on this site a€?Building Your Own Bible Librarya€? for books you may want to add to your library. Eddy states, a€?A physical diagnosis of disease a€“ since mortal mind must be the cause of disease a€“ tends to induce disease.a€?A  So prayer and your desire to know God will result in healing.
Dona€™t believe that you are a mortal that must till the ground as Adam was told he must do.A  You are image. I have also known people with schizophrenia who could never hold down jobs or attend school without some kind of long-term antipsychotic medication.
People still dona€™t understand the old.a€? Author Dallett might heartily agree with this sentiment. He speaks to our desperate post-modern world, saying we must turn away from our arrogance and learn again to live with the rhinos, the crocodiles, and all the natural, instinctive forms of life a€“ now, before they are gone, leaving us alone, alienated, and doomed to extinctiona€? (p.37). Great, original content, regular engagement and proper use of hashtags will gain plenty of followers in no time. There was no question whatever in the mapmaker's mind, therefore, as to the separate identities of the American and Asian continents. Here the northern coast terminates abruptly with open sea beyond approximately 50 degrees, with Newfoundland being shown as an island far to the east. While the shape his Africa resembles reality more so than Martellusa€™, WaldseemA?ller extends the continent to beyond its actual 34 degrees South in a similarly misguided manner as Martellus with WaldseemA?llera€™s Africa reaching an inexplicable 50 degrees plus. Gone, however, is that mysterious strait that had separated North and South America on the 1507 map.
But the question concerning the authenticity of these historic letters remains fundamental to the evaluation of Vespucci's achievement. According to the conflicting theory to which Pohl and other modern scholars subscribe, these documents should be regarded as the result of skillful, unauthorized manipulations by entrepreneurs, and the sole authentic papers would be the private letters, so that the verified voyages would be reduced to two. Vespucci thought he had sailed along the coast of the extreme easterly peninsula of Asia, where Ptolemy, the 2nd-century Greek geographer, believed the market of Cattigara to be; so he looked for the tip of this peninsula, calling it Cape Cattigara. Nonetheless, the name America spread throughout Europe and quickly established itself through sheer force of usage. One of these officials, the senior of the two, who was probably the person who handed over the money to the explorer, was named Richard Ameryk (also written Ap Meryke [Welsh] on one deed, and elsewhere written Amerycke) who seems to have been a leading citizen of Bristol at the time. Not until 1960 did someone find bills of trading records indicating that Richard Amerike was involved in this business. To us, the 1507 map appears remarkably accurate; but to the world of the early sixteenth century it represented a considerable departure from accepted views regarding the composition of the world. The portfolio with its great treasure was uncovered and revealed to the world in 1901 by the Jesuit priest Josef Fischer, who was conducting research in the Waldburg collection.
And from that fragile first glimpse of the world, so adequately described by WaldseemuI?ller in 1507, the Library of Congressa€™ cartographic resources provide the historical breadth and cartographic depth to fill in the geographic blanks left by those early cosmographers. Works that have increased our knowledge about WaldseemuI?ller and the group in Saint-DieI? include: Joseph Fischer and Franz R. They exhibit the Old World, in the main, in accord with the Ptolemaic idea, and the New World with a close resemblance to the Caveri map record (#307), and that of WaldseemA?llera€™s world map of 1507. By April 1507, WaldseemA?ller and Ringmann had completed the booklet, Cosmographiae Introductio, to accompany the globe and wall-map.
Such information would have been kept secret by the Portuguese, and it is perhaps here in this globe that the secrets were first drawn up for a wider audience, particularly since Vespuccia€™s allegiance to Portugal changed when he became a Spanish citizen. The catalogue published a reserve of $50,000, but it failed to sell and was sold privately in 1954 to James Ford Bell for approximately $45,000.
They were offered for sale in 1991, and purchased by the Bavarian State library in Munich for approximately 2 million DM (in excess of $1million). As the two began to tour more as a duo and less with a band, it was their desire that their albums become more a€?strippeda€? down and attempt to replicate their sound as a duo.
Lisa stated, a€?I dona€™t know what he does or how he does it, but just about every fiddle player who does it for a living thata€™s come out of Cape Breton was taught by Stan Chapman.a€?A  Lisa played for traditional Scottish square dances on weekends and in various folk bands.
As the two began to tour more as a duo and less with a band,A  it was their desire that their albums become more a€?strippeda€? down and attempt to replicate their sound as a duo. She did not discuss the book she was writing but she went out and healed through inspiration of God.
In other words, ask yourself, a€?who or what is influencing my life?a€? Is it God and his goodness or is it matter like drugs, sex, or some other kind of matter based influence.
Where does a thought begin but in your thinking.A  So where does God come to you but in your thinking. What's important in such cases is to prescribe a correct and accurate dosage not only to contain extreme symptoms but to make psychological work possiblea€”work that includes dealing with the psyche's responses to the need for medication. If the Self in such sufferers is enraged, social constraints and injustices give it excellent reason to be, for as Martin Luther King pointed out long ago, a riot [like a symptom] is the language of the unheard. In her latest offering she reanimates many penetrating insights from Jung and reminds us that they are as cogent and urgent now as when Jung first presented them. In response to her dream, the woman took up the task of relating to the unconscious through art, dialogue with the rhinoceros and study of dreams. A red cross symbolizes Prester John (who rules both eastern and southern India and who resides in Biberith); and finally on the fourth division of the earth, discovered by the kings of Castile and Portugal, we have placed the emblems of those sovereigns. This interpretation is similar to both Cantino and Caveri and helped keep alive the possibility of a northern access to the as yet unnamed Pacific and, of course, the riches of far Cathay. Over to the left, on Tabula Terra Nove, apparently referring to the Pearl Coast and perhaps to Honduras, we read the surprising inscription: Hec terra cum adiacentib insulis inuenta est per Columbu ianuensem ex mandato Regis Castellae [This land with the adjacent islands was discovered by Columbus of Genoa by order of the King of Castile].
Its appearance undoubtedly ignited a debate in Europe regarding its portrayal of an unknown continent (unknown to Europe and others in the Eastern Hemisphere) between two huge bodies of water, the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and separated from the classical world of Ptolemy, which had been confined to the continents of Europe, Africa, and Asia.
Shortly after the appearance of the 1507 world map by Waldseemuller, Vespucci was appointed the first Pilot Major in the Spanish House of Trade (the Casa de la ContratacioI?n) in Seville, and in that capacity was responsible for navigational issues and concerns of Spanish shipping to the new western possessions, across the Atlantic. In 1903 an elaborate set of facsimiles of the 1507 and the 1516 maps accompanied by a scholarly study by Josef Fischer and Franz von Wieser appeared.
The North American region is nameless, but the South American region bears conspicuously the name America. I realized the first time I sang on stage, right from the get-go, that it was what I had to do. Brenley has said that she never saw him cry and [paraphrasing here] thinks it woulda€™ve done him some good.
That was her means of income, as opposed to working in a fast-food restaurant, a more typical fallback for a teenager. Some elements in her learning progression included using her brothera€™s Eagles songbooks, and picking up songs from Crosby Stills and Nash albums from a frienda€™s father. It is turning to God and recognizing that peace and Love are right there where the problem seems to be. You can verify this by reading the last chapter of the book where there are testimonies of people who have been healed of many diseases beginning on page 600. Christian Science is the a€?Comfortera€? that is the prophecy spoken by Christ Jesus, the full and final revelation, the language of Spirit. Her mother was a very spiritual woman and she even new that before Mary was born she was carrying a special child. The remarkable dreams and healing experience of this dreamer make up one part of this rich book and serve to illustrate and put flesh on the abstract bones of some of C.G. And what is to be borne in mind, we have marked with crosses shallow places in the sea where shipwreck may be feared. Gemma Frisius and Sebastian Munster edited versions of the latter, so that the WaldseemA?ller type, or Lusitano-Germanic Group, held the field until the advent of Mercator, Ortelius, and the Dutch school of the mid-16th century. A statement that is in obvious conflict with the thrust of both the graphic productions of 1507 (map and globe) and the text of Introductio CosmographiA¦ referred to earlier - both prepared more or less as a testimony to Amerigo Vespucci. As soon as he was back in Spain, he equipped a fresh expedition with the aim of reaching Asia.
She also recalls learning how to play Don McLeana€™s a€?American Pie.a€? Later, while dating a guitar player in college, she got introduced to the songs of Cat Stevens. Start with the seven synonyms by looking up each in the dictionary so you getting a better understand of each.
So when her daughter heard her name called several times her mother told her to answer as Samuel did.A  Mrs.
But the Spanish government did not welcome his proposals, and at the end of 1500 Vespucci went into the service of Portugal.
Within the first sentence that came out of my mouth, singing in front of a live audience, it was like I was struck by lightning a€” I know this sounds cheesy a€” Wow! Eddy discovered Christian Science is the year 1866 that coincides with the prophecy in the Bible in the book Daniel which dates the year of 1866.
The Cosmographiae provided an introduction to the new geography of the world as laid out in the globe and wall-map, and included a Latin translation of Vespuccia€™s four voyages. They are indicated in the Bible, and through the Christian Science textbook, which is the key to the Scriptures, their full meaning is revealed. But the growing data about the impact of a deep alignment of psyche and body reveals that we have merely scratched the surface of that mysterious intersection. Prove what you are reading by thinking about it, by pondering, and reaching an understanding. A connection and engagement to the depths of the psyche that stimulates powerful healthy growth and that transforms body as well as psyche is unhappily still on the fringe of accepted consensus today, this in spite of what depth psychologists, in addition to Jung, have intimated or stated for over one hundred years. It took me a year to read Science and Health because I was working full time, taking pilots training in the morning, and ground school at night falling into bed reading only one or two pages of Science and Health at night. I would formulate questions during the day and God would answer at night through my reading.




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