01.11.2013

Tarot card reading u st dc

Top: A selection of trump cards (top row) and pip cards (bottom row) from the first edition of the Rider-Waite deck, circa 1909. However, using cards for playful divination probably goes back even further, to the 14th century, likely originating with Mamluk game cards brought to Western Europe from Turkey. Two hand-painted Mamluk cards from Turkey (left) and two cards from the Visconti family deck (right), both circa 15th century.
Graphic designer and artist Bill Wolf, whose interest in tarot illustration dates to his art-school days at Cooper Union in New York, has his own theories about the tarot’s beginning.
This woodblock version of the classic Tarot de Marseille was published around 1751 by Claude Burdel. Even if you aren’t familiar with tarot-card reading, you’ve likely seen one of the common decks, like the famous Rider-Waite, which has been continually printed since 1909. Though historians like Kaplan and Matthews publish new information on divination decks every year, there are still many holes in the larger story of fortune-telling cards. Wolf points out that those who use cards for divination are often at odds with academics researching their past.
By the mid-18th century, the mystical applications for cards had spread from Italy to other parts of Europe. Building on Court de Gebelin’s Egyptian connection, Etteilla claimed that tarot cards originated with the legendary Book of Thoth, which supposedly belonged to the Egyptian god of wisdom.
Matthews has authored several books on divinatory cards, and her latest, The Complete Lenormand Oracle Cards Handbook, will be published in October of this year. Oracle decks like the Lenormand tend to rely on more direct visual language than traditional tarot cards. This Lenormand-style oracle deck shows a mixture of playing card and fortune-telling illustrations, circa 1870. The game’s original instructions said it could be used for divining because the illustration on each card included both a symbolic image, like the anchor, and a specific playing card, like the nine of spades. By comparing various decks from different time periods, tarot-card enthusiasts can identify the evolution of certain illustrations.
Most card readers recognize that the associations and preconceptions of the person being read for are just as important as the actual drawings on the cards: Divination cards offer a way to project certain ideas, whether subconscious or not, and to toy with potential outcomes for important decisions. Matthews’ favorite decks are those with straightforward illustrations, like the Tarocchino Bolognese by Giuseppe Maria Mitelli, an Italian deck created sometime around the 1660s.
The illustration on some decks did double duty, providing divinatory tools and scientific knowledge, like the Geografia Tarocchi deck from around 1725. On the Geografia deck, the symbolic imagery is reduced to a small colored segment at the top of each card; the rest is related to global geography. Hannell's fortune-telling deck incorporated typical playing card suits along with its particular illustrations, circa 1808. This cartomancy deck from Austria included four language translations—German, Italian, French, and English—and shows signs of significant use, circa 1820.


This vibrant deck of Marseille style tarot cards was published by Francois Gassmann, circa 1870. Eventually, artists incorporated all manner of mystical symbols to tarot illustrations, like this Tarot Astrologique designed by Georges Muchery, circa 1890. Though finished in 1943, Aleister Crowley's highly esoteric Thoth tarot deck wasn't actually published until 1969. Another *interesting* deck intentionally esoteric was Crowley’s Ordo Templi Orientis cards. Since this article is about the origin of the cards, and not their subsequent modern use, going over their current mystical connotations would be not only nonsensical, but redundant as well. The correct translation of Le Scarabee d’Or is The Gold Beetle or The Beetle of Gold. As a designer and a mom and a grandma, it’s sad to me that little girls outgrow toys at a much earlier age.
Just received the ring and pendant , very impressed with the items , the quality, beauty, and skill to make these beautiful items. After you've placed an order please be sure to check your spam folder for order receipts, downloads and tracking numbers. But in contrast to these historic decks, Matthews finds most modern decks harder to engage with. Wealthy families in Italy commissioned expensive, artist-made decks known as “carte da trionfi” or “cards of triumph.” These cards were marked with suits of cups, swords, coins, and polo sticks (eventually changed to staves or wands), and courts consisting of a king and two male underlings.
In France, writer Antoine Court de Gebelin asserted that the tarot was based on a holy book written by Egyptian priests and brought to Europe by Gypsies from Africa.
This type of card is known as the significator and typically stands in for the individual having their fortune read.
Etteilla’s premise echoed the writings of Court de Gebelin, who allegedly recognized Egyptian symbols in tarot-card illustrations.
According to Etteilla, the book was engraved by Thoth’s priests into gold plates, providing the imagery for the first tarot deck.
Thus, like scenes from a picture book, the best illustrations typically offer clear visions of their subjects with an open-ended quality, as though the action is unfolding before you. Matthews’ owns a facsimile of the Mitelli deck, rather than an original, which means she can use them without fear of damaging a priceless antique. It is interesting that early versions of The Lovers was called The Lover and showed a man, two women as well as the Cherub. If it was simply a golden beetle it would be Le scarabee dore, because the french also have two different words for gold and golden, and in the french language is very important to set this difference.
Marseille decks were generally printed with woodblocks and later colored by hand using basic stencils.


Tarot cards later incorporated queens, trumps (the wild cards unique to tarot), and the Fool to this system, for a complete deck that usually totaled 78 cards. Waite, who commissioned Pamela Colman Smith to illustrate the deck, the Rider-Waite helped bring about the rise of 20th-century occult tarot used by mystical readers.
This strong narrative element gives readers something to latch onto, in that it is relatively intuitive to look at a combination of cards and derive your own story from them.
In reality, tarot cards predated the presence of Gypsies in Europe, who actually came from Asia rather than Africa. Though hieroglyphics had not yet been deciphered (the Rosetta Stone was rediscovered in 1799), many European intellectuals in the late 18th century believed the religion and writings of ancient Egypt held major insights into human existence.
Drawing on these theories, Etteilla published his own deck in 1789—one of the first designed explicitly as a divination tool and eventually referred to as the Egyptian tarot.
Either the author is sworn to secrecy (which I doubt) or is completely ignorant of the esoteric utility of the Tarot as was rediscovered and promulgated by S.L. While in the english language saying that something is golden means it can either be made of gold or just have a golden appearance (by being painted or polished to look golden), in the french language saying that something is golden means that is definitely NOT made of gold but that it just has a golden look.
Today, the suit cards are commonly called the Minor Arcana, while trump cards are known as the Major Arcana. Regardless of its inaccuracies, Court de Gebelin’s nine-volume history of the world was highly influential. They became really popular after the Napoleonic Wars when everyone settled down and became terribly bourgeois. Le scarabee d’or is referring to a beetle actually made out of gold and therefore valuable. With their centuries-old iconography blending a mix of ancient symbols, religious allegories, and historic events, tarot cards can seem purposefully opaque. Can you not imagine standing in a Victorian parlor in France, consulting the Golden Beetle?
Nor is there any mention of either Aleister Crowley or Paul Foster Case, both of whom followed Mather’s suit (pun intended) in their esoteric use of the Tarot as a system of spiritual work and initiation.
I am assuming, by the tenor of the article, that the author is among those who deny their mystical history and properties.



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