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Every month, I will continue to do the best job that I can to make your reading experience enjoyable. When Captain Jack Sparrow crossed paths with the enigmatic Angelica, he was not sure if it was love or if she was a ruthless con artist who was using him to find the fabled Fountain of Youth. The Film cast included: Johnny Depp, Keith Richards, Penelope Cruz, Ian McShane, Astrid Berges-Frisbey, Kevin R. Todd Philips was back in the directing chair as he helmed his first franchise sequel of his seminal comedy smash, The Hangover. This film was set in the era before Professor Charles Xavier and Erik Lehnsherr became mortal enemies as Professor X and Magneto, respectively, director Matthew Vaughna€™s X-Men: First Class followed the two former allies as they lead a powerful team of mutants on a mission to save the planet from nuclear annihilation.
The this animated picture included the vocal talents of Bill Hader, Anna Faris, James Caan, Andy Samberg, Mr.
This is the first chilling story-arc of the ongoing series, Hydrology picked up after the events of 2010a€™s Batwoman #0.
10.DC Universe Presents #1 is from the creative team of Paul Jenkins, Bernard Chang, and Ryan Sook.
13.Superboy is from the creative team of Scott Lobdell, RB Silva, Rob Lean and Eric Canete. 20.Batgirl #1 is from the creative team of Gail Simone, Adrian Syaf and Vincente Cifuentas. 24.The Hood and the Outlaws #1 is from the creative team of Scott Lobdell and Kenneth Rocafort. Left in a near-catatonic state following the events in Buffy Season 8, Angel would need a seriously rude awakening if he was to make amends for his ill-conceived deeds. Things are looking up for Tony Chu, the cibopathic federal agent with the ability to get psychic impressions from the things he eats.
This was the third story-arc of the ongoing series from the creative team of John Layman and Rob Guillory. Recognized for his basketball talents, Dennis Rodman instead talked about his personal shortcomings.
Jackson stood nearby as Rodmana€™s presenter, and Rodman approached his former coach a couple of times as he struggled to get his words out. The enshrinement of the flamboyant rebounding and defensive specialist capped the enshrinement of the 10-member class of 2011.
Back in the United States, on August 4th, Wall Street saw a a€?500-point drop.a€? This plunge was one of a few in a short period of time that saw Wall Street become the hub for the aftermath of any political and economic outcomes.
On August 27th, Atiyah Abd al-Rahman, who became the new number two in the Al Qaeda terrorist network, was killed in Pakistan.
The Wisconsin recall election took place during this month with six seats at play on Tuesday, August 9th. Amy Winehouse retrospective, tribute article, written by Melissa Maerz in the August 5th issue of Entertainment Weekly. Comedy Centrala€™s a€?early startinga€? shows for next-day encore episodes based on the on-screen guide.
All compiled lists in this issue as well as any other issue are based on the opinion of David Massuda.
This issue is dedicated to the loved ones who have suffered through the tragic losses around the world this past month. Description: The Globe of Euphrosynus Ulpius, constructed in 1542, is now preserved in the museum of the New York Historical Society, having been found in Madrid by Buckingham Smith. It will doubtless prove of interest to note upon this map the line running from pole to pole and cutting through the border of South America.
The Ulpius globe is 15.5 inches in diameter, and is supported upon a worm-eaten stand of oak, the iron cross tipping the North Pole, making the height of the instrument three feet and eight inches.
The literal translation is as follows: Regions of the Terrestrial globe handed down by ancients, or discovered in our memory or that of our fathers. This may be rendered: Marcellus Cervino, Cardinal-Presbyter and Doctor of Divinity of the Holy Roman Church. This work is of great historical interest, for the reason that it bears direct and independent testimony to the voyage of Verrazano in 1524, certified first by the Letter of Verrazano to Francis I, confirmed by Carli, and attested to by the map of Hieronimo da Verrazano (#347); this witness being followed by the author of the Discourse of the Dieppe Captain, in 1539.
The present representation of one hemisphere of the globe, without being a facsimile, is nevertheless sufficiently correct for historical purposes, and may be relied upon. It will be observed that Ulpius does not give the exact date of the discovery by Verrazano.
In the northwest, near Alaska, is Tagv Provincia, the Tangut of Marco Polo, the coast, once again, being joined to Asia. The Ulpius globe corrects many errors of preceding geographers, though not free from errors itself. Perhaps the most surprising thing on the globe is to find that the portion of North America above Florida is called Verrazana sive Nova Gallia [Verrazano or New France]. The names scattered along the coast of North America in Ulpiusa€™ delineation of it, are practically all of them of Italian form and termination, though many of them are evidently adaptations of place names well known in France.
In Brazil the aborigines appear in the scant wardrobe that they were accustomed to affect, and display, on the whole, what may be regarded as an animated disposition. No true indication of the terminus of the continent of South America is given, but south of the Straits of Magellan is seen a vast continent spreading around the pole. In the more easterly portion of this continent is written, Terra Australis adhuc incomperta, being an unexplored region, while in passing around the border of this continent we come to Brasieeli, a corruption of a€?Brazil,a€? a name earlier applied to an island in the Atlantic before the discovery of America. The Old World is depicted substantial1y as it appeared in the re-constructed Ptolemaic maps of this period. Near the bank of the Nile a robed ecclesiastic sits upon a canopied throne with a triple crown upon his brow and a triple cross in his hand. The Conger eel, without much regard to the proprieties, stretches complacently over several degrees of latitude, herein following the example of the gold fish (Aurata), which puffs itself up to half the size of the whale.
The fish represented upon the globe are so well done that they might claim a full and separate treatment, evidently belonging to the earliest scientific delineations in Ichthyology. Besides the historic groups of islands, there are also many of lesser note, together with a few not found today.
Bermuda is prominent, having been laid down for the first time on Martyra€™s map of 1511, and southward is Catolica, possibly an alternate name for the a€?Island of the Seven Cities,a€? which was reported in various places, the inhabitants being a€?good Catholics.a€? Near this spot, on Ruyscha€™s map of 1508 (#313), is the word Cata. It would not, however, be proper to treat all these islands of Ulpius now missing in accordance with the volcanic theory.
Turning to the Greenland section of the globe, a gratifying improvement upon Verrazanoa€™s outline is found, showing that Ulpius had consulted the maps of Ruysch, 1508 (#313), and Orontius Fines, 1531 (#356), though it will be well to remember in this connection that Behaima€™s globe of 1492 shows land in the same direction.
It will be necessary next to speak of the coast names on the North American continent, though it has been indicated previously that certain of them show an agreement with the names on the Verrazano map. In 1612 he made a seventeen daysa€™ journey into the wilderness from Montreal to find the sea upon whose shore Vignan professed to have seen the wreck of an English ship. As mentioned above, the globe is further interesting for illustrations of many different kinds of fish that are found in the different oceans.
It also serves to show how deeply interested were the Popes and the high ecclesiastics near them at Rome in securing and diffusing the best available scientific information. Lithograph facsimile of the Ulpius Globe, Western Hemisphere, 1542, New York Historical Society, 23 cm from Dr. Description: During a naval campaign against Venice in 1501, a Turkish fleet captured a Spanish ship in the western Mediterranean. The map found its way to Suleiman the Magnificenta€™s Topkapi Palace where it remained undetected for four centuries.
A long passage describes Columbusa€™ first voyage experiences, from initial difficulties in obtaining sponsorship to encounters with the natives. The Piri Reis map is drawn on gazelle hide, with a web of lines criss-crossing the Atlantic called a€?rhumb linesa€?, typical of the late medieval marinersa€™ charts.
Among the mapa€™s illustrations are two lozenges, which give the scale, and beautifully drawn ships, some accompanied by inscriptions which record important discoveries.
The Iberian Peninsula and the coast of west Africa are carefully drawn, in a manner suggesting the style of the practical marinersa€™ charts called portolanos.
Another immediately striking feature of the map is the number of islands, most of them legendary, and some of them adorned with parrots. The most striking topographical detail, and the one that has caused the most discussion, is the chain of mountains running through South America - the mountains which Charles Hapgood (Maps of the Ancient sea Kings) identified as the Andes. The coastline of northeastern South America indicates that information came from Ojeda, Vespucci, or one of their companions. In 1511 Piri Reis began to draw a new map of the world which was to incorporate all of the recent Spanish and Portuguese discoveries. In Gallipoli, where he temporarily retired, Piri Reis reduced his source maps to a single scale - a difficult task in those days - and spent three years producing his map.
As for the northern part of the map, we see here how Piri Reis benefited by the new Portuguese maps and recorded on it the discoveries made before 1508 on the North American coast by Amerigo Vespucci, Pinzon and Juan de Solis. All the principal rivers in South America are marked on the map, though the names are not written, it is remarkable that he should have shown the river La Plate on the map, when Pinzo and Juan de Solis passed by it and from all accounts, never even noticed it. An even more important argument for the Columbian origin of this part of the map is the fact that the real Cuba, as an island, is missing. Close studies of the Caribbean portion of the map confirm the idea that the map possesses all the important information that was on the map of Columbus drawn and sent to Europe in 1498 and also on the map of Toscanelli that Columbus had in hand when he first ventured out on his voyages (Book III, #252).
The real Antilles are shown on the map not as islands, but as Columbus believed it to be, as a continent. Piri Reis calls the eleven islands on the southeast of Haiti a€?Undizi Vergine,a€? which shows that the number of the islands is not expressed by the word a€?onzea€? which means eleven in Spanish but by its equivalent in Columbusa€™ mother tongue, Italian. Scattered about the map are some other entries that also enlighten us about various details in the discoveries. By a picture near the island of Santiano is a note stating that the names of these places were found and given by a Genoese sailor brought up in Portugal. Towards the north, on the map is a picture of a fish on which is drawn a woman and a man making a fire, nearby is another ship and three people in a boat. The map in question is drawn on a gazelle skin by Piri Reis who had made a name for himself among the Western and Eastern Scholars through his detailed geographical book on the Mediterranean Sea entitled Bahriye [a€?On the Seaa€?] and which testifies to his capacity and knowledge in his profession.
As the same thing will be noticed in the maps of ancient and mediaeval times, the map of Piri Reis contains important marginal notes regarding the history and the geographical conditions of some of the coasts and islands.
The map in our possession is a fragment and it was cut of from a world chart on large scale. In one of these marginal notes the author states in detail the maps he had seen and studied in preparing his map. Piri Reis, in a special chapter in his book Bahriye mentions the fact that in drawing his map he has taken note of the cartographical traditions considered international at that time. The following entry-notes begin from the northwest corner, turn southward, then proceed along the perimeter, and finally continuing in a winding fashion towards the center.
There we find the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean and the newly discovered regions of North and Central America. The pieces of land seen at the side are the peninsulas of Honduras and Yucatan, discovered in 1517 and 1519 respectively. In this second map the drawing of the coastlines shows greater improvement in technique and also close resemblance to the modern conception of these areas. On this map, as on the previous one, there are some explanatory notes, but they are recorded more briefly. Over the second set of scales further north he says again that the distance between two sections is 50 miles and between two dots 10. Beside place-names in the notes near Labrador he says a€?This is Baccalao, The Portuguese infidels discovered it.
Another interesting term used on the map is what he calls the tropics: a€?Daya€™s Lengtheninga€?. The line drawn over Cuba should, of course have been drawn further north, and the peninsula of Yucatan should have been put entirely below it; but that much accuracy could not be expected of the cartographical technique of the period. As it can be easily observed from this map, Piri Reis continued following the new discoveries with great interest. In the capitals of Portugal, Marrakesh and Guinea, there are pictures of their respective sovereigns.
IV.A A  This map was drawn by Piri Ibn Haji Mehmed, known as the nephew of Kemal Reis, in Gallipoli, in the month of muharrem of the year 919 (that is, between the 9th of March and the 7th of April of the year 1513).
Despite valiant attempts by the marketing departments of Microsoft and Sun, CGI is still the most commonly used architecture for creating dynamic content on the World Wide Web.
CGI is the “Common Gateway Interface” a very grand sounding name for something that is really very simple. We’ll look at this in more detail soon, but first let’s ensure that we’ve got everything set up so that we can run CGI programs.
In the interests of keeping this tutorial down to a manageable size, I’m going to have to assume that you already know something about programming in Perl.
This script works on exactly the same principle as the last one, but we get the system time using the Perl function “localtime” and print that value. This program looks a little more complex, but really it’s doing exactly the same thing as the previous example. The previous section told you just about all that you need to know about displaying output from CGI programs.
HTML defines a number of input widgets which you can use to pass user data to a CGI program. This form contains a text input (for the name), a drop-down list (for the age), a pair of radio buttons (for the gender) and a set of checkboxes (for the list of hobbies. Once again we’ve used CGI.pm to produce the HTML, but we’ve also used the same module to get our input.
Topics cover the Super Committee, Rick Perry, Bachman, Pawlenty, President Obama, and the Wisconsin recall elections. Brenda Song, Jason Holley Zendaya, Tiffany Thornton, Megan Hilty each lend their vocal talents to the latest adventure starring Tinker Bell and her friends. This season guest stars include: Conan Oa€™Brien, Jesse Tyler Ferguson, Bruno mars and Emma Stone.
Naomi Watts, Rachel Weisz and Daniel Craig star in this independent film opening on September 30th.
The movie opening November 23rd, stars George Clooney, Matthew Lillard and Shailene Woodley.
The movie featuring the ensemble cast that includes but is not limited to: Ashton Kutcher, Jessica Biel, Lea Michele, Josh Duhamel, Robert De Niro and Sarah Jessica Parker. The title begins in May, 2012 and is a€?in continuity.a€? Neal Edwards will be the artist on this project. It is from Dolce and a group of talented artists including: Daniel Leister, Michael Bencic, Jacob Newell, and Will Torres. Martin announced the sixth title of his Game of Thrones saga epic would be The Winds of Winter. Martin announced the seventh title of his Game of Thrones saga epic would be A Dream of Spring.
When she forced him aboard the a€?Queen Annea€™s Revenge,a€? the ship of the legendary psychopathic, pirate Blackbeard, Jack found himself on an unexpected adventure in which he does not know whom to fear more: Blackbeard or Angelica, with whom he shared a mysterious past or a villain from his past that may now be an ally.
This time around Thailand was the location of the wedding and Bangkok was the site of the most unusual set of hangover events.
Charles (James McAvoy) and Erik (Michael Fassbender) were just young men when it began to appear as if the world was careening toward destruction. Batwoman faces bizarre new challenges in her war against the dark underworld of Gotha and new trails in her personal life as Kate Kane. This arc collected Chew #11-15 of the most unique crime noir out in the graphic novel format. This month was all things a€?culture.a€? The month ranged from Mother Nature to the VMA ceremony.
Five-time NBA Champion Dennis Rodman was among the 2011 class that also included Chris Mullen. Cable News network, MSNBC announced it would give a new primetime show to Reverent Al Sharpton. This was prior to the big Presidential announcement he made during the Iowa Straw Poll weekend. This was part of the Recall election that went down to these results: Jessica King (Democrat) picked up a senate seat from incumbent Republican Randy Hopper. Stephen Battaglio and Michael Schneider wrote this examination at the salaries of the top TV stars.
This important and deeply interesting instrument was discovered in the collections of a Spanish dealer in 1859, and brought to New York the same year, after the death of its owner, being purchased for the society by John David Wolfe. Ulpius, in 1542 stands as the fifth witness to the voyage by the following inscription: Verrazana sive Nova Gallia a Verrazano Florentino comperto anno Sal.
The Old and New Worlds are represented as they were known at the time, the latitude of Florida, which was too high on the Verrazano map (#347), being given quite correctly, while the excessive easterly trend of the North American coast line on that map is corrected. On the North American section of the globe various new points are indicated, and the advance of the Spaniards in New Mexico is noticeable. The peninsula of Lower California does not appear, though exploration had been extended to that region, as proved by Domingo del Castello, on his map of 1541 (Lorenzana Historia de Nueva Espana, 1770). This is a reference to the a€?Seven Cities of Cibola,a€? which were credited with such vast wealth, it being declared that the houses were supported by massive pillars of crystal and gold. The name of America had been reserved for South America for the better part of half a century, at least for over thirty years, from the time of Canon WaldseemA?llera€™s map in 1507 (#310), which followed the descriptions given in the notes of Amerigo Vespuccia€™s voyages. For the first time the peninsula of Florida receives a proper location and the shore of North America generally is rather well outlined. This, it is noted, was discovered by Verrazano, the Florentine, in the year of grace (anno salutis), 1524.
Breton, for instance, is mentioned, but there is a Selva de Cervi [a forest of deer or stags]; there is, of course, a San Francisco and a Porto Reale [Port Royal], and then there is a Terra Laboratoris, evidently what was later to be Labrador, but Ulpius, following Verrazano, places this very much farther south than our present-day Labrador.
From the Straits of Magellan to Chinca, just north of the Tropic of Capricorn, the coast is marked Terra Incognita. A couple of Brazilians, broad ax in hand, are on the point of taking off a fellow beinga€™s head, while a third, with a knife, is artistically dressing a leg. With respect to the East Indies, however, a clear improvement is made upon the Verrazano map.
Canton is displayed as a collection of houses, near which is a bird, in company with a couple of goats with ears that reach to the ground. Tall ships, laden with the wealth of a€?Ormus and of Ind,a€? move bravely homeward with billowing sails, while light galleys glide around the borders of the newly found lands. The Kraken of Pontoppidan, or at least what resembles the sea-serpent of Nahant, appears in the Atlantic off South Africa, corrugating his hirsute back. The fish upon the Ulpius globe bear a close resemblance to those of Rondelatius (Lugduni, 1554).
An island that appears to be a duplicate of Cape Breton that lies eastward of that region, and is called Dobreta. The Greenland section of Ulpius also indicates that the knowledge in possession of the Zeno family at Venice found some expression in Italy before the publication of the Zeno Voyage and Map in 1558.
Along the eastern border of the Gulf of Mexico, adjoining Florida, may be seen Rio Del Gato [the Cat River], the Rio de Los Angelos, or [River of the Angels], the P. As far northward as the coast of the Carolinas, the territory is considered Spanish, while thence to the Gulf of St. The sea and isthmus were copied from Verrazano, and the existence of a body of water in close proximity to the Atlantic was generally believed. This man, who marched before Champlain through the tangled forests, has been called an impostor, and, with a musket leveled at his head, Vignan confessed himself one; yet no doubt he was as much deceived as Champlain, having acted upon the trusted relation of another, a course which he supposed would succeed, and bring him great credit. This globe, surmounted with a cross, remains as a very definite demonstration that the too common impression of Roman ecclesiastical authorities as hampering the progress of science or keeping information away from the people, is one founded entirely on ignorance of the actual conditions. One of the prisoners taken had earlier made three voyages to the West Indies with Columbus and carried with him a set of Columbusa€™ American charts. Piri also became an admiral and is remembered as a scholar of navigational science and an accomplished linguist. In 1929 this remaining fragment was discovered when the palace was being converted to a national museum. Most scholars do not believe these lines were used to indicate latitude and longitude but were used as an aid in laying out a course. One is almost certainly an account of the expedition of Cabral in 1500; Cabral discovered Brazil when he was blown off course across the Atlantic while on his way to India. Here many of the place names are given in Turkish, rather than being merely transliterated from Portuguese or Spanisha€”showing that the Ottomans had practical experience of their own along those coasts. The accompanying inscription tells a tale from the life of the Irish Saint Brandon, a charming medieval legend. Maps showing islands scattered through the Atlantic were current ita€™s the later Middle Ages, and a globe made by Martin Behaim in 1492 (Book III, #258) - the same year Columbus first set off- shows a quantity of them; so does the Toscanelli map (Book III, #252), which we know Columbus used. The delineation of the coast of Brazil on the Piri Reis map is much more accurate than that of the Caribbean.
The rivers that issue from their base are obviously meant to be the Amazon, the Orinoco and the Rio Plata, and the animal with two horns standing on the mountains is Hapgooda€™s a€?llamaa€?. In the map Piri Reis adopts and applies the rules of emblematic signs mentioned on page 28 in the Bahriye. In the bibliography attached to the map he claims that his map is as sound and accurate for the seven seas as the map of the Mediterranean.
Some of the place names on the South American coast, like Santa Agostini, San Megali, San Francisco, Port Rali, Total Sante, Abrokiok, Cav Frio and Katenio show a close resemblance to their modern forms.
Outside the parts relating to Columbusa€™ map, the scales in miles are astonishingly accurate.
And so it should be on a Columbian map, for Columbus thought Cuba was part of the mainland of Asia, and drew it accordingly. Hence Piri Reis calls Central America a€?the County of Antiliaa€?, and the North American coast a€?the coast of Antiliaa€?. This is another indication of how faithful Piri Reis was to Columbusa€™ map, keeping close to the information of Columbusa€™ map which apparently possessed all that was on the earlier Toscanelli map, Piri Reis handed down to us the oldest map of America and informed us about various aspects of the most important phase in the history of the discoveries. Beside the picture of a ship near the Azores is written that this Genoese vessel came from Flanders, was shipwrecked, and that the survivors discovered these islands.
In anther entry close to the picture of a ship drawn near the South American coast he summarizes all the information given in a map by Nikola di Juan who was shipwrecked there. This is the story of Santa Brandon which was very popular in the middle ages, and was recorded in the a€?thousand and one nighta€? stones.
The Illustrated London News published a reproduction of it on 25th February 1932, which prompted a detailed letter by a prominent Turkish historian.
Piri Reis is the son of the brother of the famous Kemal Reis who was the Turkish admiral in the Mediterranean Sea at the last quarter of the 15th century. When the photographic copy of the map is carefully examined, it will be noticed that the lines of the marginal noted [sic] on the eastern edges have been cut half away.
In the marginal note describing the Antilles Islands, he states that he has used Christopher Columbusa€™ chart for the coasts and islands.
The coasts (the names of the coasts) and the islands are taken from the chart of Columbusa€?. Therefore Piri Reis had made a study of some of the charts that represented the world, and according to his personal statement, he has studied and examined the maps prepared at the time of Alexander (the Great), the a€?Mappa Mundisa€™ and the eight maps in fragments prepared by the Muslims.


Such a map is not owned by anybody at this time, I, personally, drawn [sic] and prepared this map.
The cities and citadels are indicated in red lines, the deserted places in black lines, the rugged and rocky places in black dots, the shores and sandy places in red dots and the hidden rocks by crosses. Each of the roses is divided into 32 parts and the division lines are extended beyond the rose frames.
Besides these, on Africa there are pictures of an elephant and of an ostrich, and on South America of lamas and pumas. It is related by the Portuguese infidel that in this spot night and day are at their shortest of two hours, at their longest of twenty two hours.
On the way to the village of Hind a Portuguese ship encountered a contrary wind [blowing] from the shore. And in this country it seems that there are white-haired monsters in this shape, and also six-horned oxen.
It is said that in ancient times a priest by the name of Sanvolrandan (Santo Brandan) travelled on the Seven Seas, so they say. Unlike the first map, drawn under the influence of Columbus, the islands of Cuba, Haiti, the Bahamas and the Antilles are drawn quite accurately. The note on the left-hand corner of the map, under the scales with the long and ornamental points, gives the signature of the author as well as the date 1528 (A. In his own words the explanation runs as follows: a€?Bu hat gun gayet uzadigi yere isarettira€? which means that these lines indicate the part of the world where the days grow longer. We should, therefore, acknowledge the greatness and value of the work among other maps of the period after pointing out briefly to its various merits and demerits. It is remarkable that, by taking into account the results of the new discoveries, he should correct in this map the inaccuracies of the first in which he was misled through his unquestioning confidence in Columbusa€™ map.
It’s nothing more than a protocol that defines how a web server can interact with an executable program to produce dynamic web pages. Just about every Linux distribution comes with a version of Apache which is by far the most common web server on the Internet. You can use just about any language to write CGI programs, but the majority of people seem to use Perl. There are only a couple of things that distinguish it from a standard Perl program that you’d run from the command line. The web server will have arranged to capture any data written to STDOUT and to pass it back to the browser. The added complexity comes purely from the fact that we have to display a complete HTML page. In the standard Perl library there is a module called CGI.pm which allows you to “hide” all the HTML generation behind function calls. This is much the same set of widgets that you’ll be familiar with from any GUI application – text fields, radio buttons, checkboxes, pop-down menus and many others.
CGI.pm has a function called “param” which returns information about the data that has been passed to the script. For example the “name” parameter returns the text that was typed into the text box called “name” and the “age” parameter returns whichever of the options in the “age” drop down menu was selected. This is a magazine that highlights key movements from pop culture, politics and other goodness.
The New 52 include titles in September such as: Batwoman, Aquaman, The Flash, Action Comics, Batman, Detective Comics, Batgirl, Swamp Thing, All-Star Western, Resurrection Man, Teen Titans, Green Lantern, Red Lanterns, and Green Lantern Corps. It was time to find out as the last season gave fans a long-awaited cliffhanger about what choice the two made when Walter was facing immediate death.
This is an action-thriller centered on the threat posed by a deadly disease and an international team of doctors contracted by the CDC to deal with the outbreak. A little while after the bachelor party in Las Vegas, Phil, Stu, Alan, and Doug jet to Thailand for Stua€™s wedding. Thompson, Benjamin Bratt, Neil Patrick Harris, Al Roker, Lauren Graham, Will Forte, Peter Siragusa, Angela V. 51 one titles begin in September, the 52nd was also the 1st of this patch, Justice League #1 opened a week before the massive DCU overhaul. Together they had full access to the Watcher files and opportunities to make amends for all they have done and all they will need to do.
The class also included coaches Tara VanDerveer, who has led Stanford to two national championships and won more than 800 games, Tex Winter and Division II Philadelphia University coach Herb Magee, the career leader at the collegiate level with more than 900 wins.
The New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox have played their latest match-up, three games in Boston. The sound bites of the month included: President Obama, Rick Perry, pundits, economists, and Hurricane Irene. The Taliban used a ground RPG to take down a team of highly trained American soldiers, which included Navy Seals. The 5.8 measured rocked the North East having minor effects in New York and the sounding areas. Sarah Palin came with her bus tour to Iowa to enjoy the weekend while not making any announcements. That nation, according to his decree, was entitled to lands discovered by them west of the line, while the Portuguese were to confine their new possessions to the region east of the line, inscribed, Terminus Hispanis et Lusitanis ab Alexando VI. The resemblance of the globe to that planned by Mercator, 1541, taken with the fact that Mercator and the Italian, Moletius, were in a sense associated, might possibly lead us to inquire whether or not Moletius had any influence in connection with the production of the work of Ulpius. The wheat or barley heads appear to have formed a device in the family arms, as they are given with his portrait, while the Deer form a proper allusion to his name. This part of the continent is called Verrazana, sive Nova Gallia, while on the Verrazano map is found, Ivcatania. Undoubtedly, Verrazano was the first to explore the coast behind which lies this immense geographic region, and yet very little was known of that fact until quite recently. In the distant northwest of the North American continent there is a Tagu Provincia, which is evidently a reminiscence of previous mapmakers who had used that name.
The giants themselves are wanting, like Raleigha€™s men with heads in their breasts, notwithstanding we are told by Pigafetti and other voyagers that there was a plenty of giants in those days; yet, further north, the chameleon roost upon a broad-leaved plant, and still higher up, one of the tall ostriches, described by Darwin, is trying to exhibit himself, using as a pedestal the house formerly of solid gold. Near by, two other amiable representatives of the tribe are engaged in turning a huge spit, upon which, comfortably trussed up, is another superfluous neighbor, whom the blazing fire is transmuting into an acceptable roast. Its existence was considered probable, for the reason that it seemed to be required in order to maintain the balance of land and water. Prester John has been regarded as a king in Tibet, but the Portuguese claim that he was a convert to the Nestorian faith in Abyssinia.
The whale (Balena) is not so well executed as the rest, and is attended by the dolphin (Orca), also called Marsuin by the French.
On globes and maps prior to 1542 may be found a variety of intriguing marine monsters, but correct representations of fish are scarce. Roque is De Ferna Loronha, or Fernando de Noronha, discovered in 1506 by the Portuguese navigator of that name.
The French were nevertheless ambitious, and would have founded New France on the central portion of our coast if circumstances had proved more favorable. Lawrence it is French, the rest being Portuguese, as allowed by the general use of Portuguese names.
Often it was represented as lying further to the south, and hence some suppose that what was referred to may have been the Gulf of Mexico. The instrument in question is a Roman production, the design of which may yet be traced to Pope Marcellus himself, who was known for his ability and skill in this kind of work.
In this fortuitous manner Kemal Reis, the famous Turkish admiral, acquired maps of great importance showing a newly discovered part of the world.
He produced charts, an important book on navigation, and a superb map of the world, which employed the Columbus maps taken by his unclea€™s sailors. Delineated in nine colors, the map shows the Atlantic Ocean and adjoining parts of South and Central America, the islands of the West Indies, and parts of southwestern Europe and West Africa.
He also refers to information from Portuguese and Arabic sources that proved important in developing his delineation of Africa and Asia. Faithfully copied by Piri Reis from one of his source maps, it is evidence that at least one of the mappaemundi mentioned as sources by Piri Reis was a medieval European production. The relationship and distance between South America and the west African coast, for example, is much more correct than on most European maps of the time - and the place names along the coast, clearly transliterated from Italian and Spanish names, are taken from accounts of the voyages of Amerigo Vespucci and others. Interestingly, though, the Piri Reis map is not the only early map - nor the first - to show mountains in the interior of South America.
While Guadalupe and the islands immediately adjacent in the Lesser Antilles are remarkably accurate; the island of Hispaniola [Haiti] has quite a different form here from other contemporary maps, it is more reminiscent of the contemporary shape of the East Asian island, then called Cipangu [Japan]. Thus he indicates the rocky regions with black, the sandy and shallow waters with reddish dots, and the rocky parts in the sea that cannot be seen by sailors with crosses. From the various Turkish names on these coasts like Babadagi, Akburun, Yesilburun, Kizilburun, Altin Irmagi, Guzel Karfcz, Kozluk Burnu, Iki Hurmalik Burnu, etc., we deduce that in his drawing he made use not only of the Portuguese maps in his possession, but also of the information supplied by various Turkish sailors faring along these coasts.
Except for the two entries about the name and the date of the map, all the other entries are written by a calligrapher. In its northwest corner, for example, there is a large island labeled Hispaniola - today the home of Haiti and the Dominican Republic - which Columbus discovered on his first voyage and where he set up a colony, marked by the three towers on the map. Most striking of all, it is almost identical to the conventional representations of Marco Poloa€™s Cipangu [Japan] on late medieval maps such as Behaima€™s and Toscanellia€™s. On Pirs Reisa€™ map, the wedge-shaped projection on the mainland opposite Hispaniola is almost certainly the eastern tip of Cuba; the southward-trending coast below is an attempt to draw Cuba as if it ran north and southa€”as Columbus believed it did.
The island of Trinidad is written as Kalerot, which probably is derived from a cape on this island that Columbus called Galera. It is true that at a certain spot quite near the North American Coast there is marked an island called the Antilia, but evidently that stood for the legendary island popularly regarded as fabulously wealthy and prosperous at the time when Columbus first started on his voyages. By recording the explanations given by the Spaniard who had taken part in the three expeditions of Columbus and was later captured by Kemal Reis, he related the story of these discoveries from an original source free from the later legendary tales that have grown about them. From another entry we learn that the sea there is the Western Sea, but the Europeans call it the Spanish Sea, and after the discoveries of Columbus the name is changed to Ovasana, i.e. In one of the notes on the Atlantic Ocean he mentions the Treaty of Tordesillas 1599, and a certain line that divides the Spanish and the Portuguese possessions.
But Piri Reis does not neglect to add that the legend comes down not from the Portuguese but from the old Mappa Mundi. History records Piri Reis Beya€™s last official post as admiral of the Fleets in the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. Three lines only, which from the title and head lines of the map, were written in Arabic; and this is done to comply with the usual traditional way which is noticed on all the Ottoman Turkish monuments up to the very latest centuries. He sets forth the narratives of the voyages made, by a Spaniard a slave in the hands of Kemal Reis, Pin Reisa€™ uncle, who under Christopher Columbus made three voyages to America.
State Department, through their ambassador in Ankara, procured reproductions of the Piri Reis map for the Library of Congress. Each wind-rose is equal to one sea mile, as is shown in the measurements on the areas near the wind-roses.
But it is reported thus, that a Genoese infidel, his name was Colombo, he it was who discovered these places. Impelled by the storm it came upon these islands, and in this manner these islands became known. There is, however, a slight distortion in the map from the true position of the continent as we know it today.
In this second map Piri Reis showed only the parts of the world that had been already discovered and left the unexplored areas blank, explaining this by the fact that they were as yet unknown. Delineated in nine colors, the map shows the Atlantic Ocean and adjoining parts of South and Central America, the islands of the West Indies, and parts of southwestern Europe and West Africa.A  Many lengthy notes in Turkish appear on the map, including geographical descriptions and detailed information on the sources of the delineation. This first tutorial looks at the basics of CGI programming.This article was originally published by Linux Format in April 2001. It defines how the web server sends information to the program and how the program can send information back to the web server which the web server will, in turn, send back to the browser. In this series of tutorials we’ll assume that you’re using Apache, but the examples should work just as well on any other web server. If not, read the boxout section on debugging CGI programs to get help tracking down the problem. All CGI programs should output a set of headers which the web server will pass back to the user’s browser. Also note that we have changed the content type to reflect the fact that we are now returning HTML. This loads the CGI.pm module and asks Perl to import a standard set of functions from that module into our program.
Called without any parameters, “param” will return a list of all of the parameter names and when given the name of a parameter it will return the value associated with that name. The ensemble cast includes: Matt Damon, Kate Winslet, Bryan Cranston, Gwyneth, Marion Cotillard, John Hawkes, Laurence Fishburne, Sanaa Lathan, Jennifer Ehle and Jude Law. Realizing they could use their unique powers to avert a global thermonuclear war during the Bay of Pigs crisis, the two powerful mutants launched an intense recruitment campaign with the support of Dr.
The story of this poorly crafted comedy featured Nick who was a small town pizza delivery guy whose mundane life collided with the big plans of two wanna-be criminal masterminds.
This story took place fives years in the a€?pasta€? that started to explain how the first superhero team formed. This Buffy: The Vampire Series spin-off title was a new ongoing series that landed Angel back at Dark Horse Comics.
Eight-time NBA champion Tom a€?Satcha€? Sanders, big men Artis Gilmore and Arvydas Sabonis; the late Reece a€?Goosea€? Tatum of the Harlem Globetrotters, and womena€™s star Teresa Edwards, who won five Olympic medals also were honored.
The best rivalry in sports began with the following results: August 5th a€“ Yankees won 3-2. Open Tennis Tournament just began the last Grand Slam of 2011 is the center of the New York sports club. The month started off with the down to the wire results of the debt ceiling deadline of August 2nd. When this was pointed out to the company, they admitted the numbers did not add up but that did not change its official stance of taking the Americaa€™s a€?AAAa€? ratings and lowered it to a€?AA+.a€? This was due to the countrya€™s Bond ratings along with the recent political aftermath of the debt crisis. Not to be outdone, Hurricane Irene made landfall when it hit North Carolina on Saturday August 27th. On Wednesday, August 24th, Apple CEO, Steve Jobs announced his resignation as the face of Apple.
The remaining 9 to be named include 3 Republican Senators, 3 Democratic HOR, and 3 Republican HOR. Da Costa, in The Magazine of American History (1879), called attention to a reference in Hakluyt to a€?an olde excellente globe in the Queena€™s privie gallery at Westminister which seemeth to be of Verarsanus makinge.a€? On that globe he says the a€?coaste is described in Italiana€? and, as this is the special characteristic of many of the names to be found on this globe, it might possibly seem as though this were the one which Queen Elizabeth I frequently consulted in the privacy of the gallery at Westminster. Everything is done in accordance with the best science of the age, and proves that the globe was intended for careful use.
Hakluyta€™s reference to an olde excellent globe in the Queen's privie gallery at Westminster, which seemeth to be of Verarsanus makinge, is also of interest, for, like the globe of Ulpius, it had the Coaste described in Italian, and a necke of lande in the latitude of 40 degrees.
Purchas says that South America was called Peruviana, and North America, Mexicana; which explains the action of Hieronimo da Verrazano in 1529 (#347), who employs the name of Yucatan in accordance with the same principle.
The wealth of Cibola eventually became the subject of sport, as was the case respecting the whole continent, at first supposed to be a part of the East Indies, and remarkably auriferous.
His brother published, in 1529, a large map, preserved in the College of the Propaganda at Rome, which outlines Giovanni Verrazanoa€™s discoveries. Curiously enough, Greenland is pictured not very far from where we know it and under a name not very different from ours, but Islandia is placed very close to the Greenland coast. Gvito, or Quito, happens to be placed nearly in the centre of the South American continent, and close by we read, Domus olim ex solido auri, [the House formerly of solid gold]. The parrot, evidently an edified spectator, gazes placidly down from its perch in the tree.
Regio Patalis, a part of this continent, lies southwesterly from the Straits of Magellan, the name perhaps having been transferred from the coast of Africa. This lonely, harborless isle, with its remarkable peak appears ready to be what it is now, the Sing Sing of Brazil; while St. An instance is found in the Isle de Fer, a reflection of which, often noticed by sailors, and called the Land of Butter [Terre de beurre], was gravely ceded by the Spanish Government to Louis Perdignon. The editor of the Ptolemy of 1482 knew of the Chronicle of Ivar Bardsen, and some of the names mentioned by him appear upon the editora€™s map; yet at the same time he assigns a false position to Greenland, which is shown as an extension of Norway, while Iceland is laid down in the sea west of what is given as Greenland. 2, 1591) represents the sea in his map, while the Virginia colonists entertained a similar idea. Nevertheless, by whomsoever it may have been designed, this ancient globe has come to us from the Eternal City, finding a permanent resting place at last, not without a certain fine justice, in the great metropolis which looks out upon the splendid harbor visited and described by him whose name is so prominently engraved upon the portion representing the New World. Although fragmentary, this work and the Zorzi sketches (#304) are the only world maps with a direct Columbus delineation for part of America. The Nicold de Caveri map (#307), now in the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris, and the WaldseemA?ller chart both show the east coast of South America, though schematically drawn, and a chain of mountains adorned with trees.
In his drawing of the coastline and in his marking of the sites of importance on it we again notice his remarkable accuracy.
Evidently this part of the map is drawn in accordance with the Ptolemaic idea of the world. Immediately below Hispaniola is Puerto Rico, and to the northeast is a group of 11 islands labeled Undizi Vergine [The Eleven Virgins]. It is interesting that Behaima€™s globe and other maps influenced by Marco Poloa€™s description of Cathay show a very similar wedge-shaped projection opposite the island of Cipangu; if Columbus thought he was off the coast of Asia he may have drawn the mainland this way to correspond to its then conventional representation. Puerto Rico is named here San Juan Batichdo, and on its eastern coast is drawn the picture of a fortress.
It is to be noted, however, that beside the island is a note that states that, contrary to the common fallacy, the island is not prosperous.
This shows that the Turkish geographer made use of many sources and did not neglect the latest information nearest to his age, and that he was very careful about his bibliography. These three lines in Arabic testify that the author is the nephew of Kemal Reis, and that the work was written and compiled in Gelibolu in the year 1513. He also states, in his marginal notes regarding the South American coast that he saw the charts of four Portuguese discoverers. The Library of Congress was particularly anxious also to obtain a copy of Columbusa€™ maps upon which Piri Reis claimed in part to have based his own map.
On both the lands and the seas there are entries sometimes relevant, sometimes irrelevant of the pictures. For instance, a book fell into the hands of the said Colombo, and he found it said in this book that at the end of the Western Sea [Atlantic] that is, on its western side, there were coasts and islands and all kinds of metals and also precious stones. For this reason the Portuguese infidels did not land on these shores and these are also said to be very hot. They traveled from the western land to the point of Abyssinia [Habesh] in order to reach India.
They thought it dry land and lit a fire upon this fish, when the fish's back began to burn it plunged into the sea, they re-embarked in their boats and fled to the ship. On his map it is written that these rivers that can be seen have for the most part gold [in their beds]. They have made an agreement that [a line] two thousand miles to the western side of the Strait of Gibraltar should be taken as a boundary. Up to now it was known by these names, but Colombo, who opened up this sea and made these islands known, and also the Portuguese, infidels who have opened up the region of Hind have agreed together to give this sea a new name. This error was committed, due to neglect in not taking into consideration the ten to thirteen degrees of difference in angle on the contemporary compass.
Today we know that the Portuguese explorer, Gaspar Corte-Real, discovered Terra Nova in 1500, and his brother, Miguel Corte Real, a year later in 1501, discovered Labrador. Thus, Piri proved, once again, how he observed the principles of scientific methods in drawing this map. The people eat the flesh of parrots and their headdress is made entirely of parrots' feathers. See the box “Getting, Installing and Configuring Apache” for more details on how to set Apache up on your system.
The volatile duo kidnapped Nick and forces him to rob a bank, with mere hours to pull off the impossible task. In a universe where superheroes are strange and new to the general population, Batman discovered a dark evil that required him to unite the Worlda€™s Great Heroes.
This first issue was 40-pages and included the framework by executive-producer, Joss Whedon. But his ruthless ex-partner is still out there, operating outside of the law, intending to make good on his threats against Tony and everybody Tony cares about. Choking up often during an emotional speech, Rodman was enshrined in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. On August 1st, an agreement was announced and by August 2nd, the President signed off on the next phase of this man-made political stumping.
Rebels took over his stronghold of Libya and continue to battle the Khaddafy family for the rights of the people. The Category 1 Hurricane made a huge mess in its path as it worked its way up the east coast. It would be interesting to trace, at least conjecturally, the possibilities of how the globe found its way over to England. The latitudes are found by the nicely graduated copper equator, upon which the names of the zodiacal signs are engraved; while the equatorial line of the globe itself has the longitude divided into sections covering five degrees each.
What we know as Central America is called Nova Andalusia; the Pacific Ocean is named Mare Pacificum, but also Mare del Sur, which became the familiar South Sea in English, and in South America we find such names as Peru, Bresilia [Brazil], Venazola, Terra Paria, and Rio de Platta.
It was doubtless from this that the detailsa€”some of them at leasta€”of the Ulpius globe were secured.
Hibernia [Ireland] has much the form we know and looks like the little dog we see on our maps, but Scotia [Scotland], much less well known at that time, does not extend far enough north, and England is much compressed in length. On a peninsula may be found the following inscription: Lusitani vltra promotorium bone spei i Calicutium tendentes hanc terra viderut, veru non accesserut, quaobrem neq nos certi quidq afferre potuimus [The Portuguese, sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope to Calcutta, saw this land but did not reach it, wherefore, neither have we been able to assert anything with certainty]. Helena, discovered on the festival of that saint, 1501, is waiting to imprison one of the worlda€™s great disturbers.
To a similar origin may be assigned Jaquet Island, which came from the Jaquet Bank, a shoal near the edge of Grand Bank. The Fata Morgana is perhaps quite as unsatisfactory as the theory of satanic delusion, sometimes resorted to for the purpose of explaining the mystery.
Ulpius, on the contrary, and in accordance with fact, places Iceland east of Greenland, though both are placed too close to mainland Europe. Then follow Selvi di Cervi, the Deer Park of Verrazano, and Calami, similar to the Carnavarall of the Spanish maps. But for a head wind when off Cape Cod, sailing southward in 1605, Champlain might have reached the Hudson, and instead of planting Port Royal in Nova Scotia, he might have established its foundations on Manhattan Island, in the region where Port Royal (Porto Reale) was laid down by Ulpius. Lawrence River, a belief that led the French to attempt the colonization of that cold and inhospitable country, in preference to the sunny and fertile regions explored farther southward by Verrazano. As late as 1651 the western sea was represented within about two hundred miles of the Atlantic coast, as appears from a map of that year, found in some copies of The Discovery of Nevv Brittaine (see #472). If the history of the globe could be written, it would be found to possess the charms of romance. Paul Jovius wrote a book on ichthyology, which was published in 1524, but it was not illustrated.
Presumably he referred to both the novelty of its delineation and the profuse depictions of people and animals that violated the customary Islamic prohibition against portraying living objects in artworks.


The de Caveri map was drawn between 1502 and 1504, long before the eastern coast of South America had been explored. This unusual chart with its complicated and fascinating history includes the only surviving delineation by Columbus of his discoveries.
Another reason for this may easily be the inadequacy of the Arabic script then in use, for expressing Turkish words.
Eight years later, when he had finished the preface to the book he affirms that, further south it is not land but sea, which shows that he was following later discoveries with careful attention.
The fact that this name is in a recognizable form of Italian, as opposed to Portuguese, is evidence, as Kahle pointed out, of its Columbian origin.
Probably because Columbus was convinced, on his first voyage at least, that he had found the fabled Cipangu, and he may have drawn Hispaniola in this shape to support his claim. There is, however, another island to the west of Trinidad, again with a picture of a parrot near which is written San Juan Batichdo. From about twenty charts and Mappae Mundi, these are charts drawn in the days of Alexander, Lord of the Two Horns, which show the inhabited quarter of the world; the Arabs name these charts Jaferiyea€”from eight Jaferiyes of that kind and one Arabic map of Hind, and from the maps just drawn by four Portuguese which show the countries of Hind, Sind and China geometrically drawn, and also from a map drawn by Colombo in the western region I have extracted it. The Portuguese do not cross to that side but the Hind side and the southern side belongs to the Portuguese. From the notes beside them we gather that the distance between the divisions stand for 50 miles, and that between two dots for 10 miles. Beside the measurements there is a note indicating the mileage, where he says that the distance between two sections is 50 miles and between two dots 10 miles. Brendan, the legendary Irish monk who in the sixth century supposedly discovered an island in the North Atlantic called the a€?Promised Land of the Saints.a€? Long sought by sailors, St. Perl also comes as a standard part of every Linux distribution, so you’ll already have it installed.
In this mode Perl will automatically distrust any data that comes from the user and won’t let you pass that data to the operating system until you have untainted it.
From the links of monkeys, international criminals, guns, to Mike Tyson, anything went in this raunchy follow-up film. Before long, Charles and Erik had assembled a crack team that included Mystique (Jennifer Lawrence), Banshee (Caleb Landry Jones), Beast (Nicholas Hoult), Angel (Zoe Kravitz), Havok (Lucas Till), and Darwin (Edi Gathegi).
This issue showcased the super heroic talents of: Batman, Superman, The Flash, Green Lantern, Wonder Woman, Cyborg and Aquaman as they embarked on an adventure in this new title with new costumes and a new attitude. It is just a matter of time before their investigations collide; blood spills and inevitably body parts are chewed. Rodman arrived at Symphony Hall in a gray suit, feather-lined cowboy hat and giant white sunglasses, he changed into another outfit for his speech, a red scarf and black jacket commemorating the Pistons and Bulls, the teams he helped win five NBA championships. Looting had been taking place all over the country along with some journalists being held captive and not being allowed to go into the field and report on the latest events of the day. Treasury became the story of Wall Street as countries invested in that while it did not make economic sense.
Four distinct meridional lines divide the globe into quarters, while four more lines are faintly indicated. The name Nova Gallia [New France] is not surprising, though that term was applied later to territory farther north than here delineated, and indeed continued to be a favorite geographic designation for Canada and the French possessions until the middle of the 18th century. The Orkney Islands, under the name of Orcades, are given a very prominent place, thus leaving insufficient room for northern Scotland.
The Amazon and the La Platt Rivers appear, but Ulpius does not show any clear knowledge of the Orinoco River seen by Pinzon around 1500. There is also Insvle Tristan Dacvnha, found by the Portuguese, Dacuna, in 1506; and Insvle Formose, while in the southern part of the Indian Ocean is Insvle Grifonvm [the Isle of Griffins]. Here we might pause to remark upon the ease with which islands that have no existence are found in the sea, and the corresponding difficulty of getting rid of them. Mayda is simply the a€?Maidasa€? of the early maps, while the Three Chimnies, if not explained by some eruption, may have originated in such peculiarities of the bottom as that known as the a€?Whale Holea€? on the bank of Newfoundland.
The waters of Greenland are represented as navigated, and nothing is perhaps more susceptible of proof than the fact that communication was never lost with Greenland from the tenth century down to the present day. Perhaps this last one was placed here in honor of Andrea Corsali, the Florentine navigator in the service of Emanuel, King of Portugal, though no record is found of any voyage made by him to this region.
This would have made the greatest city in America a French city, and, possibly, changed the destiny of the continent.
At the same time the globe, as pointed out, bears the line of Pope Alexander, by which the most of the New World was given to Spain. The Spaniards, on the same principle, as previously noted, proposed to fortify and colonize the Straits of Magellan.
This error had its day, and then died though not without manifesting a remarkable vitality. This may be the very globe that, as Hakluyt said, a€?seemetk to be of Verrasanus making,a€? and which Queen Elizabeth I was accustomed to consult in the gallery at Westminster. The whale is represented as living in the distant north and is, perhaps, the poorest illustration of all.
The map was not only unusual in Turkey, but few people in any country, including Spain and Portugal, had access to a chart of the world incorporating the new discoveries. As there is a striking similarity between this map and the Piri Reis map, it is therefore possible that one of Piri Reisa€™ source maps was based on that of de Caveri. And yet, from the point of view of the historical importance of these geographic discoveries, this map is particularly significant for Central America. Drawing various islands on the South American coast opposite Trinidad shows the influence of Columbus, who believed this newly discovered continent to be a group of islands. So confident was Columbus in this that while he was near the coast of Cuba in 1494 he had his conviction recorded by the notary public on the boat, Fernand Perez de Luna, and asked all the crew to sign it, as we can now see from the document signed on the 12th June, 1494, which declares that, since it is quite evident that this is a continent, thereafter whoever attempts to contradict this statement shall be fined to 10.00 Maravedis pieces and also his tongue shall be cut out. It was not widely recognized fifty years ago that Columbus died in the belief that he had discovered Japan. Its vapor is full of darkness.a€? The above-mentioned Colombo saw that no help was forthcoming from the Genoese, he sped forth, went to the Bay of Spain [king], and told his tale in detail.
Before this it was thought that the sea had no end or limit, that at its other end was darkness. Among the legible words are San Cilormi, Monte Krago, Detonos, Die Sagram, Ponte Sogon, Didas and Sare. Brendana€™s island was widely believed to exist in Columbusa€™ time and appeared in some form and location on most early European maps.A  According to Piri Reis himself, the map was based upon eight Ptolemy maps, an Arabic map of India, four new Portuguese sea maps of Sind, Hind and China, and the map of America drawn by Columbus.
We’ll see why taint mode is a good idea and how to untaint data in next month’s article, but in the meantime it’s just a good habit to get into. The best part was (besides the 30 second post-credit scene) was that the majority of the film was focused squarely on Captain Jack, as it needed to be at this juncture in a franchise four films old. The film starred: Bradley Cooper, Ed Helms, Zach Galifianakis, Justin Bartha, Ken Jeong, Paul Giamitti, Jeffrey Tambor, Mason Lee, Jamie Chung, Sasha Barrese and Mike Tyson. Meanwhile, the malevolent Sebastian Shaw (Kevin Bacon) plotted to plunge the world into war with the help of villainous mutants Riptide (Alex Gonzalez), Azazel (Jason Flemyng), and Emma Frost (January Jones). As the clock ticked, the two dealt with the police, hired assassins, flamethrowers, and their own tumultuous relationship. He thanked Commissioner David Stern and the NBA community a€?to even just have me in the buildinga€? and saved his deepest appreciation for coaches Phil Jackson and Chuck Daly, Lakers owner Jerry Buss, and James Rich, whose family took Rodman in after his mother threw him out of the house.
Anyone following the stock market in August would be dizzy with all the changes that occurred.
Each earned a 7-episodes that each would guest star on throughout the third season of FOXa€™s Glee.
Threats made against David Letterman in retaliation for his on-air jokes about Osama bin Laden.
The new head of Apple was given to (at the time) Chief Operating Officer of Apple, Tim Cook. The sixth and final race was with Alberta Darling, the Republican kept her senate seat over Democratic challenger Sandy Pasch.
This was the year of the restoration of Catholicism in England under Mary Tudor, and the following year Cardinal Pole became her principal adviser. That line was drawn from pole to pole at ninety degrees west longitude, giving the Portuguese the right over all the territory of Africa, but only a small portion of South America which projects beyond that line. The latitudes are found by the aid of a brass meridian, the Tropic of Cancer being called A†TIVVS, and Capricorn HYEMALIS. The principal adverse critic of Verrazano frankly concedes that the Globe of Ulpius affords indubitable evidence that the maker had consulted the map (Murphya€™s Verrazano).
There is a Terra Gigantum and a Terra de los Fuegos, as well as an immense Terra Australisa€”a great southern continent below the Strait of Magellan (the initium freti Magellanici is carefully noted)a€”but with regard to this southern continent the globe tells us that it had not yet been explored, perhaps not yet actually found, for the Latin words are ad hue incomperta.
It was on Verrazanoa€™s discoveries and voyage, authorized and financed by the French king, that the French based their claims to this part of North America. Upon some of our best maps may be found such islands as Jaquet Island, Three Chimnies, Mayda, Amplimont, and Green Rock.
Brendana€™s Island, without any great stretch of the imagination, might be referred to as a burning insular peak, so far as the etymology may be concerned; while, again, as the Irish monks were abroad upon the sea at an early period, some of them may have landed upon an island that afterward disappeared. Ulpius, who seems to copy Ruyscha€™s basic outline, leaves the space between Greenland and the west as unexplored; while Ruysch, on the other hand, makes Greenland, together with Newfoundland, part of Asia, Gog and Magog being in close proximity. These facts, however, are consistent with one another, even on the supposition that the globe was made at the Vatican under the direction of the Cardinal-Presbyter Cervinus. The belief was shared by Ulpius in common with Verrazano, the latter being as positive on the subject as Frobisher himself, both having committed the belief to maps. Of course, the sea serpent finds a place here, but then the sea serpent has been seen many times, ever since, without scientists being able to locate him. Undoubtedly the reason why Piri Reis, too, shows it as a continent was not because he was afraid for his tongue, but because he would not question the veracity of a piece of information given by such an authority as Columbus, who had been to those parts of the world several times.
My map is as correct and dependable for the seven seas as are the charts that represent the seas of our countriesa€?.
Nor was it known in the 1930s that other maritime explorers from Europe had sailed the Atlantic centuries before Columbus.
So that the present map is as correct and reliable for the Seven Seas as the map of these our countries is considered correct and reliable by seamen. After being driven by a storm in a southern direction they saw a shore opposite them they advanced towards it [illegible].
Now they have seen that this sea is girded by a coast, because it is like a lake, they have called it Ovo Sano.
It is quite possible that Piri meant by that Balboa who crossed Central America and reached the Pacific Ocean in 1513. In the process of saving humanity, however, Charles and Erik clashed, which set the stage for Professor X to lead the X-Men in the fight for good as Magneto and the Brotherhood spread chaos and destruction on a global scale.
Kate must continue to grieve over the drowning death of her sister, the super villain known as Alice. Rodman described them as a€?a mentor, a father, somebody you can look up to and call any time of daya€? who ignored his antics and a€?looked at an individual that had a good heart.a€? His own father left when he was young and they never reconciled. As the President and Congress announced the formation of a a€?Super Committee.a€? This soon-to-be formed group of elected officials would be made up of 12 members from the Hill.
Also in the mix were the other finalists, Lauren Pearce and Alex Newell who were announced by creator Ryan Murphy that would guest star on 2-episode apiece. These real threats against Letterman were probably not the least concerned about the jihadist death threat for mocking Osama bin Laden and Ilyas Kashmiri. Through him the globe might easily have found its way into England at this time, and an interesting question would be to trace the relations of friendship between Reginald Pole during his sojourn in Rome and Cardinal Cervinus before he became Pope, so as to discover how this globe could have come into Polea€™s possession and be taken to England.
Nevertheless attention has been called to the fact that, in an appendix to his work, the same critic refers to what is called an a€?authority,a€? which says that the map of Verrazano was originated sometime after 1550. In the case of the monks, it would have received due embellishment, since they were as fond of the marvelous.
It remained for the Zeno Map, published sixteen years after the Ulpius globe, to show the position of Greenland more distinctly, and at the same time to reveal the sites of the eastern and western colonies of Greenland, so erroneously supposed in later times to have been situated on the opposite coasts of that country.
That person, though loyal to the Papal throne, which he was destined to occupy, was not over friendly to Spain, having three years before refused a pension of ten thousand piastres from Charles V., who wished to win his support. Lawrence was supposed to lead directly into the a€?Sea of China.a€? When Champlain went to Canada in 1608, he declared that he would not return until he reached that sea.
It certainly went to Spain, and there, the instrument upon which perhaps more than one Pope read the decree of his predecessor, Alexander, was finally banished to the realm of worthless antiquities.
Cuba is shown as a continent also in the map of Columbus dated 1498, which formed the basis for Piri Reis later on; in the rough sketch drawn by Christopher Columbusa€™ brother, Bartholomew, in 1503 (#304), in the map of the world made by Ruysch in 1508 (#313), and even in the marine map by WaldeesmA?ller in 1507 (#310).
Notice that it takes an optional argument which defines the contents of the <title> tag. He made that clear because by this move from Walter and Jesse he could no longer kill Jesse.
This re-launch of a classic franchise that was not that old to begin with, was fun from the get go.
Six members would be from the senate (three Democrats and three Republicans); and six members would be from the House of Representatives (three Democrats and three Republicans). These events were spurred after an innocent Black man was shot to death during police stop on August 2nd.
Mayor Bloomberg of New York joined New Jersey, which were under a state of emergency for the weekend.
It was a big night for special honors to Brittany Spears, Michael Jackson and recently lost English artist, Amy Whinehouse.
Even with that problem settled, however, the question as to how the globe found its way back to Spain, would remain.
A brass hour-circle enables the student to ascertain the difference of time between any two given points, while the graduated path of the Ecliptic is a prominent and indispensable aid. If this were so, it would appear that the Verrazano map was based upon the Globe of Ulpius in connection with certain maps, and that, instead of having influenced the production of other maps, it is itself a composition made up of early material. On Coltona€™s Atlas these islands lie in the track of navigation between France and Newfoundland. Germano, both Verrazano names, the former being Longueville, near Dieppe, and the latter St.
Therefore, while recognizing the decree of Alexander, he might have been fair with the French, and thus conceded what they had accomplished in the New World by the aid of his countryman, Verrazano.
To the south of Greenland two large pieces of land are shown; the one in the north is called Baccalao. Instead he stunned them and viewers when he brutally murdered his number two, but slitting his throat.
It was a heavy film that balanced historical facts, with the comic book fiction and the Easter Egg X-Universe movie mythos. The purpose of this committee is to come to a new agreement about Americaa€™s future debt crisis by Thanksgiving. The MTA was suspended on Saturday August 27th at noon and airports were shut down in preparation for the potential hurricane that turned into a tropical storm. If there were a replica, one could easily understand that one of the two should find its way there since Marya€™s husband was Philip II of Spain, and he doubtless would have been very much interested in this globe which, better than almost any other map of the time, set forth the Spanish possessions on the other side of the water. It is said that they originated with icebergs in the fog-banks, or possibly in the fog-banks themselves.
However this may be, the French are recognized, and the most of the region now occupied by the United States was claimed for France as New Gaul.
The above-mentioned slave said to Kemal Reis, he had been three times to that land with Colombo.
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But Hakluyta€™s reference is to Elizabeth, perhaps thirty or forty years after Marya€™s death, and when there was no possibility of any such communication between England and Spain as would account for the globe reaching Spanish dominions.
It should be noticed, however, that this part of the ocean is volcanic, and that islands of considerable magnitude have risen from the sea at different times. It stands connected with its maritime enterprise and adventure, and with its naval and geographical romance. He said: a€?First we reached the Strait of Gibraltar, then from there straight south and west between the two . In another note further down near Terra Nova he says that though these coasts were discovered by the Portuguese, all is not known as yet, and only the parts that have been discovered are shown on the map. According to the Beltway media, now that this issue is closed (temporarily) it is time to get back to the number one hot topic, of a€?jobs.a€? During all of this commotion on the vote that took place on the Hill on August 1st, there was a bright spot between the bickering over policy.
On August 13th, during an Indiana State fair 5 people died when the concert stage collapsed due to the oddity of the weather.
But the aftermath did leave areas flooded including Atlantic City, Battery Park and Long Island. While she may not have won the flashy awards, Adele went home with the most Moonmen from the ceremony. The first was incumbent Democratic Senator Bob Wirch beat out Republican challenger Jonathan Steitz for the state senate seat in the Wisconsin recall election on Tuesday August 16th. The earliest eruption on record in the north Atlantic is that mentioned on the Ruysch map in the Ptolemy edition of 1508. Further south still one can see the peninsula of Florida drawn very much as we know it today. An empowering moment was witnessed when for the importance of this vote, Democratic Representative of Arizona, Gabrielle Gifford made her miraculous return to D.C. The media coverage of Hurricane Irene prior to making landfall in North Carolina was as if the world was going to end.
The second was incumbent Democratic Senator Jim Holperin beat out Republican challenger Kim Simac for the state senate seat in the Wisconsin recall election on Tuesday August 16th.
Between Iceland and Greenland is the legend Insule hac 1456 anno Dno fvit totaliter combusta [This island was entirely burned up, A. Especially does it prove to the student how the exploration of our continent tried the courage, tested the endurance, baffled the skill and dissipated the fortunes of some of the noblest of men.
Cartiera€™s voyage of 1534 is not mentioned, as he made no discoveries, but the Gulf of St. As she continues to recover from the tragedy of the Arizona shooting from earlier in the year, she was a sign of the strength and courage that she has come so far. Having advanced straight four thousand miles, we saw an island facing us, but gradually the waves of the sea became foamless, that is, the sea was becalmed and the North Stara€”the seamen on their compasses still say stara€”little by little was veiled and became invisible, and he also said that the stars in that region are not arranged as here. And the safety of innocent citizens are that much more lucky for the hurricane that became a tropical storm. Porto Reale follows, when suddenly we reach the river intended for the Penobscot or Norombega, which, as on the Allefonsce map, which is positioned too far south. Ribero on his map (#346) indeed closes the Gulf, yet it was well known to the French at a very early period. They anchored at the island which they had seen earlier across the way, the population of the island came, shot arrows at them and did not allow them to land and ask for information.
She went on to share the great news that she and husband, Jay-Z were expecting their first child together. Congrats to a€?Baby B.a€? With two parents at the top of their carriers this child will have plenty of music to listen to. Seeing that they could not land on that island; they crossed to the other side of the island, they saw a boat.
Next is Refvgivm Promont, intended for the Cape of Refuge of the Verrazano map, which afforded Verrazano a land-locked harbor, today identified with Newport, RI. It must be observed again, however, that the outline of the Ulpius globe is a bit confusing. The next name is Corte Magiore, unless indeed Magiore belongs with the succeeding inscription. It happened that these people were of that nation which went from island to island hunting men and eating them.
The signification is obscure, like that of Flora, though the latter occurs in several of the Ptolemaic maps of the period, including the Maggiolo map (#340) of 1548, and in Ramusioa€™s Verrazano sketch. They said Colombo saw yet another island, they neared it, they saw that on that island there were great snakes.
Finally, Cavo de Brettoni is reached, or Cape Breton, a name usually referred to the French, but which may have been given by the Portuguese.
The people of this island saw that no harm came to them from this boat, they caught fish and brought it to them in their small ship's boat [filika].
It appears that he [Colombo] had reada€”in the book that in that region glass beads were valued. The reading may be cdmeri, and thus refer to the Cosin de mer annano, or Oceanus on the SchA¶ner globe of 1520 (#328), signifying the Ocean Cape. With Terra Laboratoris we reach, not Labrador, the Portuguese a€?Land of the Laborers,a€? but Newfoundland. By mistake, Laboratoris is applied to Newfoundland, as later to Cape Breton, the inland waters of which are today called a€?Bras da€™or,a€? previously lengthened from Brador, which, according to the fancy of someone, signified a€?the Arm of Gold,a€? Thus easily are names emptied of their original signification. By mistake, Laboratoris is applied to Newfoundland, as later to Cape Breton, the inland waters of which are today called a€?Bras da€™or,a€? previously lengthened fromA  Brador, which, according to the fancy of someone, signified a€?the Arm of Gold,a€? Thus easily are names emptied of their original signification. Frio [the Cold Cape of the Portuguese] represents Newfoundland, one part of which is marked Terra Corterealis.
Yet, whatever name may be given to Newfoundland by the old cartographers, that of Bacca laos always adheres, being derived from Baculum, a stick, often used to keep fish spread open when drying. And also loading their ship with many logwood trees and taking two natives along, they carried them within that year to the Bey of Spain. But the said Colombo, not knowing the language of these people, they traded by signs, and after this trip the Bey of Spain sent priests and barley, taught the natives how to sow and reap and converted them to his own religion. A  I learned something from every man I met or exchanged emails with, and Lou taught me a few words in Spanish.A  Ole!
The names which mark the places on the said islands and coasts were given by Colombo, that these places may be known by them. As in several other maps of the period, the name is repeated on an island lying westward as Grovelat. The greater portion of the region around the Pole is shown as land, but north of Asia is an immense lake, Mare Glaciale, also found on the Nancy globe (#363).
We can take a little walk, maybe get our feet wet, and then lie on a blanket and listen to the waves. I do the same thing myself, when the mood strikes.A  And how about this for being an "in tune with women" kinda guy?A  A few days after I had ordered myself 2 new green dresses and several in black to add to my collection from a mail order company named Newport News, he sent an email asking:A  "So, what are you wearing right now?
A  For Christ Sake!!A  How about saving the Taxpayers a buck?A  In addition to that $6 million you've already blown by hovering and covering me, and scheduling a proper Face to Base meeting in your office; at my convenience? Dramatic, but no drama.A  Short black skirt, or long black dress?A  Heels or boots?A  Camo, or commando? Until then, as in the end,there is much more to come.A A A  Once Upon a Time, a little mushroom popped through the moss covered ground of the Southeast Alaska Rainforest. Grant, Attorney at Law, Juneau, AK From Wedding Bells to Tales to Tell: The Affidavit of Eric William Swanson, my former spouse AFFIDAVIT OF SHANNON MARIE MCCORMICK, My Former Best Friend THE AFFIDAVIT OF VALERIE BRITTINA ROSE, My daughter, aged 21 THE BEAGLE BRAYS!
HELL'S BELLS: THE TELLS OF THE ELVES RING LOUD AND CLEAR IDENTITY THEFT, MISINFORMATION, AND THE GETTING THE INFAMOUS RUNAROUND Double Entendre and DoubleSpeak, Innuendos and Intimidation, Coercion v Common Sense, Komply (with a K) v Knowledge = DDIICCKK; Who's Gunna Call it a Draw?



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